oversight

The National Energy Act of 1977

Published by the Government Accountability Office on 1977-06-08.

Below is a raw (and likely hideous) rendition of the original report. (PDF)

                          DOCUMENT RESUME
 02460   - [A1712700]

 The National Energy Act of 1977. June 8, 1977. 9 pp. + 3
 enclosures (15 pp.).
Testimony before the House Committee on Government Operations:
Government Activities and Transportation Subcommittee; by Monte
Canfield, Jr., Director, Energy and Minerals Div.

Issue Area: Energy: Effect of Federal Efforts on Energy
    Conservation (1607 ; Transpertation Systems and Policies:
    Energy and Material Shortages (2402).
Contact: Energy and Minerals Div.
Budget Function: Natural Resources, Environment, and Energy:
    Energy (305); Commerce and Transportation: Ground
    Transportation (404).
Congressional Relevance: House Committee on Government
    Operations: Government Activities and Transportation
    Subcommittee. Reo. Jack Brooks.
Authority: National Energy Act of 1977; H.R. 6831 (95th Cong.).
    Energy Policy and Conservation Act.

          U.S. Representative Jack Brooks requested GAG comments
 on the proposed National Energy Act, as well as the Federal
 vanpooling proposal. The Administration proposed that Congress
adopt the following energy goals: reduce the growth rate of
energy consumption; reduce oil imports; establish a Strategic
Petroleum Reserve, increase coal production; irsulate homes, and
use solar energy in homes. GAO considered these goals a good
basis for a national energy policy but felt that the plan
depended on unspecified voluntary actions or further mandatory
actions not specifically identified. Even if fully implemented,
the plan will fall short of its goals. The Federal vanpooling
proposal is meant to serve as a transportation energy
conservation measure by reducing vehicle miles traveled by
Federal employees and setting an example for the private sector.
Up to 6,000 Government-supplied vans would be used by Federal
employees, and fares would cover costs of the program over 8
years. Benefits of the program would include reductions in
energy consumption, pollution, traffic, and parking problems.
However, it was noted that the proposal would be more effective
if it included incentives such as grants for vanpooling by the
private sector. 'mprcved approaches for Federal highway funiing
to States were suggested tc promote carpooling, vanpooling, and
mass transit. Questions were raised concerning insurance
provisions, responsibilities for vehicle maintenance, and
methods for determining costs. (HTU)
              UNITED STATES GENERAL ACCOUN' IING OFFICE
                          WASHINGTON, D.C.

                                              FOR RELEASE ON DELIVERY
o                                              &EXPECTEDAT 10:00 A.M. EDT
                                               qEDNESDAY, JUNE 8, 1977

                              STATEMENT Or
                      ONTE CANFILD, JR. , DIRECTOR
                      ENERGY AND MINERAL DIVISION
                               SEFORE THE
                  SUBCOMMITTEE ON GOVERNMENT ACTIVITIES
                           AND TRANSPORTATION
                  COMMITTEE ON GOVERNMENT OPERATIONS
                       BOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
                                   ON
                   THE NATIONAL ENERGY ACT OF 1977


    nr. Chairman and Members of the Si)bommittee:
         We welcome the opportunity to be here today to discuss

    certain aspects of the proposed National Energy Act, and
    in particular that sectio.' of the Act dealing with Federal
    vanpooling.
         On May 10, Chairman Brooks requested our comments on the
    Administration's proposed National Energy Goals, as well as

    the vanpooling proposal.    Our response to that request is

    being delivered to the Chairman today in the form of a letter

    report which is available to the public (EMD-77-45).
         I will briefly note some of the key points in that letter,
    including our observations on the Administration's Energy
    Goals, since they help to place the vanpooling proposal into
    an overall context.
    Adwinistration's Ener    I Goals

         As part of its National Energy Plan the Administration
    proposed that the Congress adopt the following specific
 national energy goals to be achieved between now and
 1985:
         -- reduce the growth rate of energy consumption to below
           2 percent per year;
         -- reduce gasoline consumption 10 percent below the 17?7
           level;
     -- reduce oil imports below 6 million barrels per day;
     -- establish a 1 billion barrel Str'tegic Petroleum
          Reserve;
     --increase coal production by about 400 million tons
          over 1976;
     -- insulate 90 percent of American homes and all new
          buildings; and
     -- use solar energy in more than 2-1/2 million homes.
     We generally agree with these goals and believe that
they can form the basis for developing a national energy
policy.     In general, GAO's prior energy work underlines the
seriousness of the Nation's energy problem.      We believe
that the goals proposed in the Wational Energy Plan provide
a useful way to address this problem.
     One fact that has not been widely recognized, however,
is that the Ada.inistration did not design its energy plan to
achieve the stated goals without unspecified voluntary actions
or further mandatory actions not specifically Identified
except by example.     Sased on the Adninistration's own
estir.ates, with a few exceptions,   the Plan will fall short of
the goals--even if it is fully implemented.    For example, the
Administration has proposed a goal of reducing energy growth
to below 2 percent per year but the Energy Plan is designed
to reduce the growth rate to only 2.2 percent.    This differ-
ence amounts to an average rate of 650 thousand barrels each
day--or a cumulative total of 1.9 billion barrels over the
8-year period.   Other similar examples are:
     -- A goal of reducing oil imports to below 6 million
       barrels each day; arid a plan which is designed to
       achieve an iipc-t reduction    . only 7 million
       barrels each day.
     --A goal of insulating 90 percent of all buildings;
       and a program which is designed to insulate only
       60 percent.
     --A goal of using solar energy in 2.5 million homes;

       and a program which is designed to reach only 1.3
       million homes.
     The Administration esti.mtes that its program will achieve
or exceed its other goals of reducing gasoline consumption by
10 percent from 1977 levels, increasing coal production by
400 million tons, and acquiring a strategic oil reserve of
I billion barrels of oil.
     We believe that it is somewhat incongruous to ask the
Congress to establish a set of National Energy Goals, and



                               3
 then propose a National Energy Plan that is not expected to
 achieve them.     To-meet the goals, the Administration admit-
 tedly is counting on voluntary conservation actions over
 and above tnosp called for in the Plan.     If such actions
 are not fcrthcori.i;, the Administration says that additional,
 mandatory conservation actions will be necessary.     Since
 under the best circumstances, plans designed to meet goals

 often fall short, we believe that the plan approved by
Congress should be designed to provide a reasonable oppor-
tunity of achieving the stated goa's.
     In a6d4t.ion, we believe that tie gap between the goals
and what the Plan can accomplish is greater than the above
figures indicate for two of the goals.     These are the goals
of reducing total energy growth to below 2 percent per
year, and reducing gasoline consumption by 10 percent from
';urrent levels.
     The Adminibtration has calculated the estimated effect
of the Plan in those areas from a 1977 base, including a
projected 1977 growth rate for each of the items of 5 percent

over 1976.   The actual growth rate that will be experienced
in 1977 is, of course, unknown.     Based on recent experience.
however, a S percent growth rate appears high to us.     If a
base year of 1976 is used in the two areas, the Plan would
result in reducing annual energy growth by 1985 to only 2.5
percent as compared to the goal of 2 percent and gasoline con--
sumption by only S percent as compared to the goal of 10 percent.


                                4
     Ve believe it would be better to establish a goal and a
plan which are based on the latest actual experience for a
Zull year, i.e., 1976. This eliminates the problem of starting
from an estimated base.
     The Administration is proposing a biannual report to the
Congress on progress towards the goals.       Eowever, there are
no proposed milestones on which to judge the rate of progress.
we strongly urge that the Congress require that the Administra-
tion establish such milestones; not only as a basis for
evaluation, but also as a trigger mechanism for making any
necessary adjustments in the plan.
     Again based on the Administration's estimates, it does
not appear that the conservation provisions of the Plan vill
cause much reduction in energy demand.       The Administration
projects that if no action is taken, energy demand will
grow by 31 percent between 1976 and 1985, while demand would
still grow by 25 percent with the Plan fully implemented.
This equates to a reduction of roughly 1.9 million barrels
of oil each day, or only 4 percent of total demand after
9 years.   The major impact   i[   the Plan, as proposed, seem-
to be reducing oil imports by shifting to coal rather than
by conserving ener7y.

    We will comment more fully on the goals and objectives
in a forthcoming report to the Congress.      This zeport, which
will be completed about the end of June, will compare the
 Administration's proposals with the results of past and
 current GAO work in energy.
Vanpooling
     The basic purpose of the Federal vanpooling proposal, as
we see it, is to involve the Federal sector in a transportation
energy conservation measure to reduce the number of vehicle
miles traveled by Federal employees and to set an example
for the private sector.   Under the proposal, the Federal
Government wotuld >Stain up to 6,000 vans for use by Federal
employees to get to and from work.    Rider fares would be
established to enable the Federal Government to recover the
cost of the program over an 8-year period.
     We have not had time to assess quantitatively the costs
and benefits of the vanpooling program, but we do agree with
the program in concept.   Some obvious benefits of the program
should be
     -- reduced energy consumption;

     -- reduced air and noise pollution;
     --reduced traffic congestion around Government offices
       and installations; and
     --reduced demand for parking facilities.
     The proposal does not include any new initiatives in the
non-Federal sector.   In our opinion, the program could be
made more effective if it were extended beyond Federal vehicles
to provide incentives which would promote vanpooling in the
private sector.   There are several ways this could be accomplished
                                   incentives to participating
such as providing grants or other
                                   Federal Bighway Administration
organizations. Chile an existing
                                        for Federal-aid highway
vanpool demonstration program provides
                                   projects, these projects
funds to be allocated for vanpool
                                           improvements for
must compete with other types of highway
                                     could be within the
 available funds. A better approach
                                             Program authorized
 framework of the State Energy Conservaticn
                                       Act. Under that program,
in the Energy Policy and Conservation
                                  things, a program to promote
States must develop, among other
                                  transit to be eligible
carpooling, vanpooling, and smass

fo- Federal financial assistance.
                                      of the program, the
     Concerning the insurance aspects
                                      self-insure against
proposal provides that the Government
                                   to vanpooling use.   it
liability which may be imposed due
                                     obtain insurance for any
further provides that operators must
                                           may wish to consider
private use of the vans. The Subcommittee
                                       coverage to cover
whether to extend Government insurance
                                              private use
 the full use of the van including authorized
                                    persons to become van
 as an added incentive to encourage
                                      us indicates that in
 operators. Informatibn available to
                                         to use the van is in
 the private sector, the person licensed
                                      of private use and that
 many cases permitted varying degrees
                                      employer's insuzance.
 such use is generally covered by the
                                                    in vanpooling
      The bill indicates that time spent traveling
                                            for the purpose
 shall not be considered Federal employment
                                      Service Commission or
 of any law administered by the Civil

                                7
by the Department of Labor pursuant to a specific section of
the U.S. Code which relates to injury compensation benefits.
We believe that this language should be clarified to make
it clear that time spent in vanpools should not be considered
Federal employment for any purposes.

     Certain other provisions in the bill raise questions about
vanpool operations and should be further clarified.

     One deals with the provision in Section 701, which
stipulates that each person operating a van under an authorized
Federal vanpooling program 'shall maintain the van in good
and safe working order.'   The responsibilities of the van
operator are not made clear by this statement.    The Subcommittee
may wish to clarify this section to indicate whether (1) the
operator is financially responsible for the maintenance of the
van (including tune-ups, overhauls, replacement parts, etc.),
or (2) the operator is merely required to make the van a'7ailablp
for maintenance at Government expense. If the former is
intended, then a question arises concerning the condition in
which the operator is required to keep the van, which would
be Government property, and what the consequences would be if
the van is not properly maintained.    If the intention is the
latter interpretation, then many operational and logistical
questions arise.   We suggest that this issue be resolved
before final approval of the proposal.
    The bill provides that within 8 years the costs and
expenses of the program, including administrative expenses,


                               S
  incurred by the Government in
                                 connection with the program
  are to be repaid through rider
                                  charges. While the direct
 operating .'osts of the program
                                  will be relatively easy to
  identify, considerable problems
                                   could develop in attempting
 to define and recover the administrative
                                            costs because of the
 lack of a good basis for determining
                                        what these are and the
 possibility that numerous Federal
                                     departments and agencies
 would be participating in the
                                program.
      We believe that the Subcommittee
                                         should consider whether
 the Federal Government should
                                absorb the administrative costs
of the program. This would help
                                   reduce fares thereby encouraging
greater employee participation.
                                   It would also demonstrate
the Government's interest in and
                                   commitment to the program.
I should add that information
                               we have obtained about vanpooling
in the private sector shows that
                                  many firms sponsoring such
program£absorb the administrative
                                     expenses.
      Finally, Mr. Chairman, while
                                    vanpooling is a desirable
program, it is the only section
                                 of the Administration's energy
program which addresses urban
                               mass transit. We feel the
broader issue of mass 'transit
                               -nd its overall role in energy
conservation must be addressed
                                in developing an effective
'ational energy policy.

     Thank you,   Mr. Chairman.
   ~(/.~.rs;TS?;
  e-COMPTRO                             GENERAL OP THE UNITED STAr=S
                                     :LLER
\~\
~.?-'~.~,.
       1                              WASnINGTON. D.CM ato



                                                                  1aRt      B-179851


                                                                  JUN 8 1977

      Thie Honorable Jack Brooks
      Chairman, Committee on Government
        Operations
      House of Representatives

      Dear Mr. Chairman:

               This is in response to your letter of May 10, 1977, requesting
      our comment, on H.R. 6831, "The National Energy Act."              As you know,
     in an earlier request, Chairman Dingell of the House Subcommittee
     on Energy and Power asked us to prepare a report to the Congress
     comparing the Administration's proposals with past and current GAD
     energy work. That assignment is now in progress. We expect that
     report to be completed by the end of June and will provide you a
     copy.

          Your staff informed us that your principal interests are in
     those sections of H.R. 6831 referred to your Committee, i.e., sections
     2-4, which include National Energy Goals, and section 701 on Federal
     Vanpooling. Those sections are discussed in this letter report. All
     secLions of the bill will be discussed in the comprehensive report to
     the Congress requested by Chairman Dingell.

     Administration's Inert- Goals
          We generally agree with these goals and believe that they can
     form the basis for developing a national energy policy between now
     and 1985. Oa the basis of our prior work, we believe that there is
     a serious energy problem and that the goals proposed in the National
     Energy Plan provide a useful way to address this problem. One fact
     that has not been widely recognized, however, is that the Administra-
     tion did not design its erergy Plan to achieve the stated goals with-
     out unsp-;ified voluntary actions or further mandatory actions not
     specifically identified except by example. Based on the Administra-
     tion's own estimates, with a few exceptions, the Plar. will fall short
     of the goals--even if the Plan is fully implemented.


                                                  EMD-77-45
B-179851


                                      Administration's estimate of
Administration's proposed             what the Plan can accomplish
 energv goals for 1985                     _thruu=h 1985

1. Reduce total energy                Reduction to 2.2%
   growth to below 27./year

2. Reduce oil imports below           Reduction to 7 million
   6 million barrels/day              barrelr/day

3, Reduce gasoline consump-           Reduction of 10% from
   tion by 10% from 1977              1.577 levels
   levels

4. Increase coal production            Increase by 565 million
   by at least 400 million             tons
   tons over 1976

5. Insulate 907% of all                Insulate app':oximately
   buildings                           60%

6. Use solar energy in 2.5             Use solar energy in 1.3
   million homes                       million homes

7.   Acquire Strategic Oil             Acquire 1 billion barrels
     Reserve of 1 billion              of oil
     barrels of oil

     As you can see, many of the actions are expected to fall short of
the goals.  We believe that it is somewhat incongruous to ask the
Congress to establish a set of National Energy Goals, and then propose
a National Energy Plan that is not expected to achieve them. To meet
the goals, the Administration admittedly is counting on voluntary con-
servation actions over and above those called for in the Plan. If
such actions are not forthcoming, the Administration says that, ad-
ditional, mandatory conservation actions will have to be instituted.
Since under the best of circumstances, plans designed to meet goals
often fall short, we believe that the plan should be redesigned to
provide a reasonable opportunity of achieving the stated goals.
     In addition, we believe that the gap between the goals and what
the Plan can accomplish is greater than the above figures indicate for
two of the goals. These are the goalz of reducing total energy growth
to beljw 27. per year aad of re6ucing gasoline consumption by 107. from
current levels.

     The Administration has calculated the estimated effect of the
Plan in these areas from a base which is as if the cnd of 1977 and
                                    -2-
B-179851



includes a projected 1977 growth rate for each of the items of 57.
over 1976. The actual growth rate that will be experienced in 1977
is, of course, unknown at this point but, based on past experience,
57. would be on the high side. If 1976 is used as the base, the Plan
only redtves the energy growth rate to 2.5% per year and gasoline
consumption by only 57..

     We believe it would be better to establish a goal which is based
on the latest actual experience for a full year, i.e., 1976. This
eliminates the problem of starting from an estimated base.

     The Administration is proposing a biannual report to the Congress
on progress towards the goals. However, there are no proposed mile-
stones on which -ojudge the rate of progress. We strongly urge that
the Congress rewcire that the Administration establish such milestones;
not only as a basis for evaluation, but also as a trigger mechanism for
making any necessary adjustments in the Plan.

     Again, based on the Administration's estimates, it does not
appear that the conservation provisions of the Plan will cause much
reduction in energy demand. The Administration projects that if no
action is taken, energy demand will grow by 31% between 1976 and 1985,
while demand would still grow by 25% with the Plan fully impl mented.
This equates to a reduction of roughly 1.9 million barrels of oil/day,
or only 47. of total demand after nine years. The major impact of the
Plan, as proposed, seems to be reducing oil imports by shifting to
coal rather than by conserving energy. This is illustrated by the figures
on enclosure I which show the Administration's estimate of the impact of
the specific actions in the Plan over what would be expected if no
actions were taken.

     We will comment more fully on the goals and overall thrust of the
program in our forthcoming report. However, the figures in the enclosure
also reveal several other interesting facts.

    --With the exception of coal, which is assumed
      to be demand limited and for which a substantial
      supply response is anticipated (see enclosure II),
      the program is not expected to stimulate signifi-
      cant additional amounts of domestic energy pro-
      duction; only .2 million barrels of oil/day and
      the equivalent of .6 and .1 million barrels of
      oil/day of natural gas and nuclear power,
      respectively. The Administration contends

                                   -3   -
B-179851


       that this is all the incremental oil and gas
       production 'hat can be expected by 1985 and that
       higher prices.would not elicit significant increased
       additional supplies from conventional sources.
       Others disagree with this contention.

     --By far, the most significant items in terms of
       energy impact are the oil and gas pricing actions
       and the oil and gas users tax. The Plan is
       designed to achieve oil import savings by means of
       conversion from other fuels to coal. It appears
       to us that the effect of the oil and gas pricing
       section would be to transfer a large amount of
       oil use to natural gas. This would be accomplished
       by keeping the price of natural gas below the Btu
       equivalent of oil. The oil and gaq users tax
       would appear to shift large amounts of industrial
       oil and gas use to coal. Another effect of these
        combined actions would be to shift natural gas
        from the industrial sector to the residential/
        commercial sector.

      --The largest impact from any one conservation action
        is expected from the residential conservation tax
        credit coupled with the utility insulation service
        program. This is expected to save the equivalent
        of .5 million barrels of oil/day. All other
        actions result in smaller savings. Unfortunately,
        as well, the vest majority of the actions in the
        residential area are deliberately designed to be
        voluntary. Work which we are completing on past
        energy conservation actions shows pretty clearly
         that voluntary actions in the residential sector
        are hard to achieve and difficult to sustain over
         a long period of time.

      --The standby tax is not included in the estimated
        impact of the Plan, because the Administration
        assumes that it will not have to be implemented.
        If it were initiated, an additional savings of
        .4 million barrels of oil per day would be
        expected.

 Vanvoolin&

      We have not had time to assess quantitatively the costs and
                                                              do agree
 benefits of the proposed Federal vanpooling program, but we program
 with the program in concept. Some obvious benefits  of the
 should be
                                       -4-
B-179851



     --reduced energy consumption,

     --reduced air and noise pollution,

     -- reduced traffic congestion around goverment
        offices and installations, and
     -- reduced demand for parking facilities.
In addition, the Federal Government would be setting an example for
the Nation by establishing such a program.

     One question we do have deals with the provision in Sec. 701,
which stipulates that each person operating a van under an authorized
Federal vanpooling program "shall maintain the van in good and safe
working order." The responsibilities of the van operator are not made
clear by this statement. The Committee may wish to clarify this section
to indicate whether (1) the operator is financially responsible for
the maintenance of the van (including tune-ups, overhauls, replacement
parts, etc.) or (2) the operator is merely requ;ired to make the van
available for maintenance at Government expense. If the former is
intended, then a question arises concerning the condition in iwhich the
operator is required to keep the van, which would be government property,
and what the consequences wcr.ld be if the van is not properly maintained.
If the intention is the lattex interpretation, then many operational
and logistical questions arise. We suggest that this issue be resolved
before final approval of the proposal.
     While we believe it is useful for the Federa' Government to be
involved in this program, it could be a more effective program if it
were extended beyond Federal vehicles to cover the provision of
incentives to encourage vanpooling bj the private sector. There are
several ways this could be accomplished such as providing incentives
or grants to participating organizations. This could be developed
within the framework of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1975
which requires that & State moust promote vanpooling before its Energy
Conservation plan can be eligible for Federal funding.

      Finally, while vanpooling is a desirable program, it is the only
section of the Administration's energy program which addresses urban
mass transit. We feel the broader issue of mass transit and its role
in energy policy must be addressed in any effective energy conservation
program.

                                     - 5-
B-179851



     We are sending copies of this letter to the Chairmen of the
energy-rel.ated Committees in enclosure III. In addition, we have
been requested to testify before the Subcommittee on Government
Affairs and Transportation on June 8 and plan to present additional
comments on section 701 at that time. We appreciate the opportunity
to have been of assistance to you in this matter.

                                            ry   yours,




                                     Comptroller General
                                     of the United States

Enclosures




                                   -6-
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                                                                                                                          11~~~
                                                    ENCLOSURE II


                    INCREASES IN DOMESTIC SUPPLY
                     RELATIVE TO 1976 PROJECTED
                       XN NATIONAL ENERGY PLAN
                       (MILLIONS OF BARRELS OF
                      OIL EQUIVALENT PER DAY)


                          Without        With
                            Plan         Plan
                             (1)          (2)      (2)-(1)
     Oil                    0.7           0.9       0.2
     Gas            .      -1.3          -0.7       0.6
     Coal                   4.3           6.6       2.3
     Nuclear                2.7           2.8       0.1
     Other                  0.2           0.2       -0-
     Refinery Gain          0.5           0.2       -. 3
            Total           7.1          10.0       2.9




Source:    Lxecutive Office of the President, Office of Energy
           Policy and Planning.

                                    12
                                               ENCLOSURE III



          Copies of this letter are being sent to:


The Honorable Edmund S. Muskie
Chairman, Committee on Budget
United States Senate

The Honorable Warren G. Magnuson
Chairman, Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation
United States Senate

The Honorable Henry M. Jackson
Chairman, Committee on Energy and Natural Resources
United States Senate

The Honorable Lee Metcalf
Chairman, Subcommittee on Public Lands and Resources
Committee on Energy and Natural Resources
United States Senate

The Honorable Floyd K. Haskell
Chairman, Subcommittee on Energy Production and Supply
Committee on Energy and Natural Resources
United States Senate

The Honorable J. Bennett Johnston
Chairman, Subcommittee on Energy Conservation and Regulation
Committee on Energy and Natural Resources
United States Senate

The Honorable Frank Church
Chairman, Subcommittee on Energy Research and Development
Committee on Energy and Natural Resources
United States Senate

The Honorable Jennings Randolph
Chairman, Committee on Environment and Public Works
United States Senate

The Honorable Gary Hart
Chairman, Subcommittee on Nuclear Regulation
Committee on Environment and Public Works
United States Senate

The Honorable Russell B. Long
Chairman, Committee on Finance
United States Senate




                             13
                                                 ENCLOSURE III


 The Honorable John Sparkman
 Chairman, Committee on Foreign
 United States Senate           Relations

 The Honorable Abraham A. Ribicoff
 Chairman, Committee on Governmental
 United States Senate                Affairs

 The Honorable John Glenn
 Chairman, Subcommittee on Energy,
                                   Nuclear Proliferation,
   and Federal Services
 Committee on Governmental Affairs
 United States Senate

 The Honorable Robert N. Giaimo
 Chairman, Committee on the Budget
 House of Representatives
The Honorable John Dingell
Chairman, Subcommittee on Energy
                                 and Power
Committee on Interstate and Foreign
                                    Commerce
House of Representatives
The Honorable Leo J. Ryan
Chairman, Subcommittee on Environment,
  Natural Resources                    Energy, and
Committee on Government Operations
House of Representatives

The Honorable Morris Udall
Chairman, Comunittee on Interior
                                 and Insular Affairs
House of Representatives

The Honorable Abraham Kazen, Jr.
Chairman, Subcommittee on Mines
                                 and Mining
Committee on Interior and Insular
Rouse of ReDresentatives           Affairs

The Honorablq Lloyd Meeds
Chairman, Subcommittee on Water
                                and Power Resources
Committee on Interior and Insuiar
                                  Affairs
House of Representatives

The Honorable Harley O. Staggers
Chairman, Committee on Interstate
                                  and Foreign Commerce
House of Representatives

The Honorable Clement J. Zablocki
Chairman, Committee on International
                                     Relations
House of Representatives

                             14
                                              ENCLOSURE III


The Honorable John E. Moss
Chairman, Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations
Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce
House of Representatives

The Honorable Olin E. Teague
Chrirn, Committee on Science and Technology
House of Representatives

The Honorable Walter Flowers
Chairman, Subcommittee on Fossil and Nuclear Energy
   Research, Development, and Demonstration
Commr,ittee on Science and Technology
House of Representatives

The Honorable Mike McCormack
Chairman, Subcommittee on Advanced Energy Technologies
  and Energy Conservation, Development, and Demonstration
Committee on Science and Tecnnology
House of Representatives

The Honorable Al Ullman
Chairman, Committee on Ways and Means
House of Representatives

The Honorable John M. Murphy
Chairman, Ad Hoc Select Committee on Outer Continental
  Shelf
House of Representatives

The Honorable Richard Bolling
Chairman, Joint Economic Committee
House of Representatives
The Honorable Thomas L. Ashley
Chairman, Ad Hoc Committee on Energy Policy
House of Representatives




                            15