oversight

Reported Year 2000 (Y2K) Readiness Status of 25 Large School Districts

Published by the Government Accountability Office on 1999-09-21.

Below is a raw (and likely hideous) rendition of the original report. (PDF)

            G-A 0
        Accountability ' Integrity * Reliability

United States General Accounting Office                                            Accounting and Information
Washington, DC 20548                                                                     Management Division



          B-283669


          September 21, 1999

          The Honorable Robert F. Bennett
          Chairman
          The Honorable Christopher J. Dodd
          Vice Chairman
          Special Committee on the
           Year 2000 Technology Problem
          United States Senate

          Subject: Reported Year 2000 (Y2K) Readiness Status of 25 Large School Districts


          At your request, we identified the Y2K readiness status, as reported to us by 25 of the
          nation's largest public school districts,' for systems supporting those districts' key
          business functions. On September 17, 1999, we briefed your staff on the results of
          our work. This letter provides a high-level summary of the information presented at
          that briefing, including background information and the reported readiness of those
          school districts. The briefing slides are enclosed.


          Background

          School districts rely on a number of key business functions. These include
          administrativesystems such as personnel/payroll and financial management, student
          records, student transportation(including fuel for buses), food service,
          facilities/embeddedsystems (such as fire/security, telephones, and lighting), and
          instructionallabs-hardware,networks, and application software.

          During the 1997-98 school year, almost 47 million public school students were taught
          by close to 3 million teachers in 91,000 schools comprising 16,411 public school
          districts. The top 3 states in terms of student population were California (6 million),
          Texas (4 million), and New York (3 million). While the number of schools in the
          average school district was 6, the 100 largest districts had an average of 152.


           'The school districts selected were the top 25 in terms of student population for the 1997-98 school
          year according to the Department of Education, except in cases in which such selection would result
          in a state being represented more than once.


                                                   GAO/AIMD-99-296R Y2K Status of 25 Large School Districts
                                                         o 74 43
Reported Y2K Readiness of Key Business Functions

In most instances, surveyed public school districts designated administrative
systems, student records, facilities/embedded systems, student transportation, and
food service as mission critical functions. All school districts surveyed considered
their administrative systems mission critical, and the other functions were considered
mission critical by most. While instructional labs were generally not considered
mission critical, three districts did report their respective instructional lab systems as
such.

Of the 25 school districts surveyed, 7 (28 percent) reported that all of their systems
which support their mission critical business functions were Year 2000 compliant.
Two districts (8%) reported that their mission critical systems would be Year 2000
compliant by the end of this month. The remaining 16 districts (64%) reported that
their systems would be ready by the last quarter of 1999 or later, including 9 (36%)
reporting that compliance would be achieved after November 30, 1999.

School districts vary in the number of business functions each plans to have
independently verified; however, the majority of school districts (18 of 25) report that
they do plan to have at least one of their business functions independently verified.
Seven districts report that with the exception of instructional labs, they plan to have
all of their business functions independently verified, while the same number (seven)
report that they do not plan to have independent verification for any of their business
functions.

The majority (22 of 25) of school districts report having compliant data exchanges.
Fifteen districts report having contingency plans in development; 10 report
completing them, including 5 reporting that testing of these plans has also been
completed.

Finally, most schools have been designated by their local communities to serve as
emergency shelters, and may require additional coordination with other city and
county offices in the event of Y2K induced problems. Twenty districts reported such
designations, while five reported not being so designated.


Objective, Scope, and Methodology

Our objective was to identify the reported Y2K status of key functions for large public
school districts nationwide. From the Department of Education's list of the 100
largest school districts, according to student population, for the 1997-98 school year,
we selected the top 25, except in cases in which such selection would result in a state
being represented more than once. We developed a structured set of questions and
interviewed school district officials by telephone, obtaining information on the Y2K
status of key business functions for elementary and secondary school operations. In
conducting the telephone survey, we asked to speak with someone having sufficient
knowledge of the district's Y2K status to speak for the district. The information was
self-reported, and we obtained a response rate of 100 percent. We also requested
supporting documentation and reviewed Internet web sites. After conducting the


Page 2                    GAO/AIMD-99-296R Y2K Status of 25 Large School Districts
survey by telephone, we forwarded the survey results to the responding officials and
asked that they confirm the accuracy of their responses and to make any changes if
needed. Our work was conducted in Washington, D.C., between August 30 and
September 17, 1999.




We will send copies of this correspondence to the Honorable JohnKoskinen,
Chairman of the President's Council on Year 2000 Conversion; the Honorable Jacob J.
Lew, Director, Office of Management and Budget; and other interested parties.
Copies will also be made available to others upon request.

If you have any questions on matters discussed in this letter, please call me at (202)
512-6408 or David B. Alston, Assistant Director, at (202) 512-6369. We can also be
reached by e-mail at willemssenj.aimd@gao.gov and alstond.aimd@gao.gov,
respectively. Key contributors to this assignment were Michael Fruitman, Gregory
Micco, and M. Yvonne Sanchez.




Joel C. Willemssen
Director, Civil Agencies Information Systems

Enclosure




(511779)



Page 3                    GAO/AIMD-99-296R Y2K Status of 25 Large School Districts
Slide 1




          GAO Accounting and Information
              Management Division

               Reported Y2K Readiness of 25 Large
               School Districts
               Briefing for the Special Committee on
               the Year 2000 Technology Problem,
               United States Senate

               September 17, 1999

                                          Fi G A 0
Slide 2




          GAO Briefing Overview

          * Objective, Scope, and Methodology
          * Background
          · Key Business Functions
          · School Districts' Reported Y2K Status
             * Time Estimates for Completing Y2K Activities
            * Readiness Status
             * Independent Verification
             · Data Exchanges, Contingency Plans, and Emergency
               Shelter Designations

          2
Slide 3




          GAO Objective, Scope, and Methodology
          Objective

          * Identify reported Y2K readiness of key functions for large
            public school districts nationwide
          Scope
          · School districts selected from the Department of
            Education's list of 100 largest school districts for the
            1997-98 school year
          · Selected the top 25, except in cases in which such
            selection would result in a state being represented more
            than once
          3
Slide 4




          GAO Objective, Scope, and Methodology
                   (continued)
          Methodology
          * Developed a structured set of questions
          * Interviewed school district officials by telephone September 2-17,
            1999, and obtained information on the Y2K readiness of each
            district's key business functions for elementary and secondary
            school operations
             · 100 percent response rate
          * Information was self-reported and was not independently verified
          * Requested school district officials to confirm survey responses
          * Requested supporting documentation and reviewed available
            Internet web sites
          4
Slide 5




          GAO Background

          * During the 1997-98 school year, there were 16,411 public
            school districts consisting of approximately
             * 47 million students
             * 3 million teachers
             * 91,000 schools
          * California had the most public elementary and secondary
            school students (6 million), followed by Texas (4 million)
            and New York (3 million).

          · The average school district had 6 schools; the 100 largest
            averaged 152 schools.
          5
Slide 6




          GAO Background
                           Largest School District by State
                                                                                                 Number of    Number of   Number of
                          School District                City     State          County           Students    Teachers     Schools
          New York City Public Schools           New York          NY     Kings                   1,071,853    60,648       1,153
          Los Angeles Unified                    Los Angeles       CA     Los Angeles              680,430     30,905        645
          Puerto Rico Dept of Education          Hato Rey          PR     San Juan                 616,470     38,976       1,543
          City of Chicago School District 29     Chicago            IL    Cook                     477,610     23,372        585
          Dade County School District            Miami             FL     Dade                     345,958     17,493        321
          Philadelphia City School District      Philadelphia      PA     Philadelphia             212,865     10,999        259
          Houston Independent School District    Houston           TX     Harris                  210,988      11,606        299
          Clark County School District           Las Vegas         NV     Clark                    190,822.     9,862        221
          Hawaii Department of Education         Honolulu           HI    Honolulu                 189,887     10,653        251
          Detroit City School District           Detroit           Ml     Wayne                    174,730      8,666        271
          Fairfax County Public Schools          Fairfax           VA     Fairfax                  145,722       N/A         212
          Prince Georges County Public Schools   Upper Marlboro    MD     Prince George's          128,347     7,216         182
          Memphis City School District           Memphis           TN     Shelby                   111,227      6,225        163
          Jefferson (KY) County                  Louisville        KY     Jefferson                104,338      5,408        165
          Milwaukee School District              Milwaukee         WI     Milwaukee                101,253      5,846        206
          Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools          Charlotte         NC     Mecklenburg              95,795       6,007        130
          Gwinnett County School District        Lawrenceville     GA     Gwinnett                 93,509      5,609         78
          Jefferson (CO) County R-1              Golden           CO      Jefferson                88,006      4,178         156
          Albuquerque Public Schools             Albuquerque       NM     Bemalillo                87,274       5,314        124
          Orleans Parish School Board            New Orleans       LA     Orleans                  83,175 -    4,485         122
          District of Columbia Public Schools    Washington        DC     District of Columbia     77.111        N/A         171
          Cleveland City School District         Cleveland        OH      Cuyahoga                 76,504      4,621         125
          Granite School District                Salt Lake City    UT     Salt Lake                74,956      3,264         97
          Mesa Unified School District           Mesa              AZ     Maricopa                 69,764      3,424         80
          Mobile County School District          Mobile            AL     Mobile                   65,230      3,683         89
                                                                                                 5,573,824    288,460       7.648
          6                        Source: Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics; 1997-98 school year
                                   N/A = Not Available
Slide 7




          GAO Background
                  School District Location




            7 '       -         a        --
Slide 8




          GAO Key Business Functions

          * Administrative Systems -- personnel/payroll, financial
              management
          *   Student Records -- attendance, grades/test scores,
              transcripts
          *   Student Transportation -- fuel for buses, maintenance
              systems
          *   Food Service -- suppliers, point-of-sale terminals
          *   Facilities/Embedded Systems -- elevators, energy
              management systems, fire/security systems, heating,
              ventilation, air conditioning, access systems, lighting,
              generators, telephone systems, refrigeration systems
          ·   Instructional Labs -- hardware/networks, application
              software
          8
Slide 9




          GAO Key Business Functions
                      Operations School Districts Consider Mission-Critical

                             25                       i       t-t                                  Mission- C ritical
                                                                                               Not MisionC    riti                   No   Applicabl.

                                                 22                                                                             22



                                                                                          17




                    AdminillrslI   .   Sudenl   RHood     s          Flcllilsle      Studant          Fod   s .rvici   god *b
                       Syslem !                                     Em bedded     Ttnepcrlltion




          Facilities/embedded systems, student transportation, and food service--while not always considered
          mission-critical--were considered mission-important or high priority functions by some schools. The three
          school districts that categorized instructional labs as mission-critical did so because certain components in
          their labs were mission-critical. Several school districts reported that instructional software will be used
          until 1/1/2000. At that time, if it becomes dysfunctional, it will be discarded. They also noted that
          instructional software is not considered to be date-sensitive.
          9
Slide 10




           GAO Key Business Functions
                            Detail by School District
                                                     Admin        Student       Facilities      Student            Food     Instructional
                       School District              Systems       Records       EmbLdded     Transportation       Service        Labs

            New York City Board of Education                  0             0                         0             0            0·
                                                                                                                                 O
            Los Angeles Unified School District       0·            0·              0             .                 ·            O
            Puerto Rico Department of Education       ·             O0                                0             0            0
            Chicago Public Schools                    ·             ·                    _            0             0            O
            Miami-Dade County Public Schools          ·             ·               O                 ·             ·
            Philadelphia City School District         ·             ·               ·                 ·0                         O
            Houston Independent School District       ·             ·               0                         .                  O
            Clark County School Distnct               0             0               0
                                                                                    *              0                             0
            Hawaii Department of Education            0·            ·                             N/A'              0            O
            Detroit City School District              ·             ·               0·                              O            O
            Fairfax County Public Schools             ·             ·               0·                ·                          O
            Prince Georqe's County Public Schools     ·             O               O                 O             O            O
            Memphis City School District              ·             ·               O                 O             O            O
            Jefferson County Public Schools, KY                     ·0·                               0             0            O
            Milwaukee Public Schools                   ·             ·              ·                  0·                        O
           'Chadotte-Meddenburg Schools                ·             O              O                  O            O            O
            Gwinnett County Public Schools             ·             ·              ·                 ·0            ·
            Jefferson County Public Schools, CO        0·            0                                O             O            O
            Albuquerque Public Schools                 0             ·            ·                    ·       -                 O
            Orleans Parish School Board                ·             0           O                    O            O             O
            District of Columbia Public Schools        0·            ·            ·                   ·             0
            Cleveland City School District             ·                          ·                   ·            ·             O
            Granite School Distnrict                   ·           ·              ·                   ·            O             O
            Mesa Unified School District               ·           *·            *                                 0             0
            Mobile County School District              ·           ·              O                                 0            0O
                                           * = Mlsslon-nrical               J = NOTMlissor mlCi                  -    /A- NOt App=lcable
           10                             'Hawaii reported no extensive busing of students; selected busing in rural areas is handled by a
                                           subcontractor, managed by another state agency.
Slide 11




           GAO School Districts' Reported Y2K Status
                        Time Estimates for Achieving Y2K Compliance
                                                       Y2K Ready   Y2KReady by Y2KReady by Y2K Readyby          2K Ready
                         School District                  Now        Sept 30      Oct 31      Nov 30          After Nov 30
           New York City Board of Education
           Los AnQeles Unified School District     _
           Puerto Rico Department of Education     _
           Chicago Public Schools                          _
           Miami-Dade County Public Schools                _
           Philadelphia City School District                                                                       0
           Houston Independent School District         _
           Clark County School District                                                                            ·
           Hawaii Department of Education
           Detroit City School District                                                             ·
           Fairfax County Public Schools               _
           Prince George's County Public Schools   =
           Memphis City School District_
           Jefferson County Public Schools, KY     _
           Milwaukee Public Schools                                                                                0
           Charotte-Mecklenburq Schools        ·
           Gwinnett County Public Schools              _
           Jefferson County Public Schools, CO             _
           Albuquerque Public Schools                      *
           Orleans Parish School Board                                                                             0
           District of Columbia Public Schools             _
           Cleveland City School District                  _
           Granite School District                     _
           Mesa Unified School District            _
           Mobile Count= School District_


           11                        Note: Time estimates for completing Y2K activities exclude completion of instructional
                                    labs because most school districts do not consider this function as mission-critical.
Slide 12




           GAO School Districts' Reported Y2K Status
                     Readiness Status

           Number of school districts reported being Y2K ready
           now by business function:
                *   administrative systems        16
                *   student records               19
                *   facilities/embedded systems   11
                ·   student transportation        15
                ·   food service                  18
                ·   instructional labs             3



           12
Slide 13




           GAO School Districts' Reported Y2K Status
                     Summary of Readiness Status by Business Function

                          *Y2K Ready        MNot Y2K Ready               O3NotAvailable or Not Applicable
                                       19
                                                                                        18
                         16                                                                                 16
                                                                         15
                                                             14




                Administrative   Student      IFacilities/           Student     Food Service   Instructional
                  Systems        Records     Embedded             Transportation                    Labs
                                               Systems




           13
Slide 14




           GAO School Districts' Reported Y2K Status
                           Readiness Status By Business Function
                                                  Admin           Student        Facities/         student           Food        In uctional
                      School Districit            Systems         Records        Embedded       Trasportation       Service         Labs
                                                                                 SW tems
           New York City Board of Education            ·             0·              ·                                  ·             N/A
           Los Angeles Unified School District         ·             ·               ·                   ·                            60%/e
           Puerto Rico Department of Education         0             0             80%                   N/A            ·             60%0/
           Chicago Public Schools                     95%           75%0/          90%/                 75%                           N/A
           Marrmi-Dade County Public Schools           0·                          95%                                  0               0
           Philadelphia City School Distrct                                        95%/.                 ·                            85%l =
           Houston Independent School District        80%.                         65%                             -                  N/A
           Clark County School District               98%           98%/           95% /                99%            95%            85%
           Hawaii Department of Education             90%/0         80%              0                  N/A             0             80%
           Detroit City School District                0             ·             60%/.                50/             ·             60%
           Fairfax County Public Schools                                           990/0
                                                                                   99                                   ·             50%
           Prince Geore's County Public Schools       95%           80%             ·                    ·             90°%           N/A
           Memphis City School Distnct                99%/           0·            75%                   ·              ·             50%
           Jefferson County Public Schools KY          *·                                                0
           Milwaukee Public Schools                   95%            0             90°%i                N/A            75%            60°%
           Chart      Mecklenbur
                            otte Schoos                0                                                 ·              0             96%
           Gwnnett County Public Schools               0             ·              ·                   75%             ·             90%
           Jefferson County Public Schools. CO         0·            ·                                  90%/0          70%            N/A
           Albuquerque Public Schools                         0              0                           0              0·            75%
           Orleans Parish School Board                99/            ·             80%                  77°%           40%
           District of Columbia Public Schools        990/           ·             99%/·                 ·                            N/A
           Cleveland City School District               ·            ·             85%                   ·             40°%           10%
           Granite School District                      ·           85%            90°%                 75%            15%            40%/
           Mesa Unified School District           ·                                 *·                   *                            70°%
           Mobile Cout School District                 ·             ·              ·                    ·                            90%
                                           14=
                                             VY2Rey               X%6= NotYZKReady, Pecwatage [cnlete           N/AT=
                                                                                                                    N A       ablll
                                                                                                                                e orNot AOIablhe
           14
Slide 15




           GAO School Districts' Reported Y2K Status
                        Completion Dates By Business Function
                                                  Admin      Stdent         Facilrtiest        Student         Food     Insructional
                      School Dr
                              isaicSystens                   Records        Embedded        Transportation    Service       Labs

           New York City Board of Education       Jun-99      Jun-99       Jun-99              Jan-99          Jun-99     Dec-99
           Los Anqeles Unified School District    Jun-99      Jun-99       Auc-99              Jun-99          Jun-99       N/A
           Puerto Rco Department of Education     Sep-99      Auq-99       Oct-99                N/A             N/A      Jun-00
           Chcaqo Public Schools                  Oct-99      Nov-99        Oct99                  -99
                                                                                               Oct-99          Sep-99      2000
           Miami-Dade County Public Schools       Oct-9       Oct-98       Sep99               Oct-98          Sep-99     Aug-99
           Philadelphia City School District      Sep99       Mar-97       Dec-99               Jul-99         Jul-99     Dec-99
           Houston Independent School District    Dec-9)      Aug-99       Dec-99              Auc-99        IAu-99        2000
           Clark County School District           Nov-99      Nov-99       Nov-99              Nov-99          Dec-99     Mar-00
           Hawaii Department of Education         Sep-9)      Sep-99       Jun-99                N/A           Jul-99     Se99
           DetroitCiy School District              Jul-99     Nov-98       Nov-99              Oct-99          Sep99      Oct-99
           Failfax County Public Schools          Auq-99      Sep-99       Oct-99               Jul-99        Aua-99      Oct-99
           Prince Geore's County Pubtic Schools   Sep-f)      Dec-99        Jul-99               N/A           Sep-99      2000
                  his City School District        Sep-)       Jul-99       Dec-99               Jul-99         Jul-99     Dec-99
           Jefferson County Public Schools. KY     Jul-98     Jul-98        Jul-99              Jul-98         Jul-99     Feb-99
           Milwaukee Public Schools               Nov-9.)     Se-99        Nov-99              Nov-99          Dec-99     Au
           Charlotte-Mecdenbur: Schools           Jun-99      Jun-99        Jul-99             Sep-99          Jun-99     Oct-99
           Gwnnett County Public Schools          Jul-99      Jul-99       May-99              Oct-99          Jun-99     Oct-99
           Jefferson County Public Schools. CO    Jul-99_     Au- 99       Auq-99              Oct-99          Nov-99     Dec-99
           Albuquerque Public Schools             Jul-99             Auq-99Auq-99              Sep-99         Jun-99      Dec-99
           Orleans Parish School Board            Sep-9}      Auc-99       Nov-99              Oct-99          Dec-99     Au-99
           District of Columbia Public Schools    Se          May-99       0-99                Aug-99          Jun-99     Nov-99
           Cleveland City School District         Sep-9I      Feb-99       Dec-99               Jul-99        Nov-99      Nov-99
           Granite School District                Mar-99      Oct-99       Oct-99              Nov-99         Jan-01      Jun-00
           Mesa LUnified   School District        Mar-99      Apr-99        Jul-99             Jul-99          Jul-99      2000
           Mobile County School District                      SSep-D9                          Sep-99         Sep-99
                                                                                                              Se           2000
           15
           15                                             NVA
                                                            = Not AplicaMbe
                                                                          or Not Availate
Slide 16




           GAO School Districts' Reported Y2K Status
                     Independent Verification by Business Function

           Number of school districts reporting independent
           verification of:

                                                              Planned or   Not Planned or
                                                  Completed   Onoingo -    Not Available
                *   administrative systems            5         12              8
                *   student records                   7          7             11
                *   facilities/embedded systems       2          9             14
                *   student transportation            3          8             14
                *   food service                      5          4             16
                *   instructional labs                1          4             20




           16
Slide 17




           GAO School Districts' Reported Y2K Status
                         Independent Verification by Business Function
                                                     Adrnin    Sbtudent     Facilities/      Student          Food      Inslructional
                                                    Syst4ems   Records      Embedded      Transportation     Service         Labs
                                                                             Systems
            New York City Board of Education           O                        O              OO               O             O
            Los Anoeles Unifed School District         C           O            O               O               O             O
            Puerto Rico Department of Education        0·          O                           N/A             N/A            O
            Chicago Public Schools                     O           O            O               O              O              O
            Miami-Dade County Public Schools           0
                                                       ·           0           0                0               ·
            Philadelphia City School District          O                       0·                      ·        0             O
            Houston Independent School District        0                       0                0               0             0
            Clark County School District                           O           O                O               O             O
            Hawaii Department of Education              0                 ·    0               N/A              0             O
            Detroit City School District                                       O                0
                                                                                                o0              0
            Fairfax County Public Schools                 ,        O           O                 O              O             O
            Prince Georae's County Public Schools       O          O           O                 O              O             O
            Memphis City School District                            O          O                 O              O             O
           Jefferson County Public Schools. KY          ·          0·          O·               0                             O
           Milwaukee Public Schools                     0          O           O                 O              0             O
           Charlotte-Mecklenburq Schools                           O           O                 O              O             O
            Gwinnett County Public Schools              O     0                0         o      0                             0
           Jefferson County Public Schools, CO       _             0           0                0               0             0
           Albuquerque Public Schools                   O                      O                 O              O             O
           Orleans Parish School Board                  O          O           O                O               O             O
            District of Columbia Public Schools         0          0           0                0O                            O
           Cleveland City School District               0          0           0                0               0             0
           Granite School District                                 O           O                O                             O
           Mesa Unified School District                 0                        0             0               00             0
           Mobile County School District                0          0           0                0               0             0
           17           * = Complete            O Planned or OCioing        O = Not Planned          N/A   Not Applicable or Not Available
Slide 18




           GAO School Districts Reported Y2K Status
                      Data Exchanges and Contingency Plans

           * 22 school districts reported           a
             having compliant data
                exchanges                                                   15

           * 15 school districts reported
                having business continuity
                and contingency plans
                (BCCP) in development
           * 10 school districts reported     O:,iartDa       CormpC
                having completed BCCPs,                           - -Ras?
                                                                     FI?
                5 reported also testing      IYes         0   b       11XMAFpr,
                them
           18
Slide 19




           GAO School Districts' Reported Y2K Status
                   Schools Used As Emergency Shelters


           Schools may be designated by their local
           communities to serve as emergency
           shelters. This designation may require
           additional coordination on the part of a
           school district and completion of Y2K
           facility readiness.

           As shown by the data, 20 of the 25
           schools in the survey report they are
           designated emergency shelters for their
           communities.

                                                      Blab

           19
Slide 20




           cGAO School Districts' Reported Y2K Status
                         Data Exchanges, Contingency Plans, and
                         Emeraencv Shelters
                                                                                                        t
                                                   Data Exchanges       Contingency Plans         Con ingency           Schools Used as
                                                    Compliant?             Conplete?              Plans Tested?           Emergency
                                                                                                                           Shelters?
           New York City Board of Education             ·                      Oct-99                       0
                                                                                                            O
           Los Angeles Unified SchooldDistrict          ·                                                   O
           Puerto Rico Department of Education         N/A'                      0                          0
           Chicago Public Schools                       0                      Dec-99                       O                   O
           Mami-Dade County Public Schools              ·                        ·                          O                   ·
           Philadelphia City School District            0·                       0·
           Houston Independent School District          0                      Dec-99                       O                   C
           Clark County School District               Nov-99                   Nov-99                       O                   ·
           Hawaii Department of Education               0                        *                          O                   C
           Detroit CitySchool District                   0                     Nov-99                       O
           Fairfax County Public Schools                0                      Nov-99                       O
           Prince George's County Public Schools        ·                        O                          O
           Memphis City School District                 0                      Oct-99                       O                   0
           Jefferson County Public Schools, KY          0
           Milwaukee Public Schools                   Nov-99                   Nov-99                       O
           Charlotte-Meclenburq Schools                 0·                                                  O                   O
           Gwinnett County Public Schools               0                      Nov-99                       O                   O
           Jefferson County Public Schools, CO          0·                                                  O
                                                                                                            0·
           Albuquerque Public Schools                   0                      Oct-99               .       O                   0
           Orleans Parish School Board                  ·                      Oct-99                       O
           District of Columbia Public Schools          ·                      Oct-99                       O
           Cleveland City School District               ·                      Dec-99                       O                   O
           Granite School District                      ·                      Nov-99                       0                   0
           Mesa Unified School District                 0·                                                  0                   0
           Mobile County School District                                          0      _                  0
                                                               *=Yes                   O=No                         N/A= Not Applicable
           20                                                  *Puerto Rico uses amanual process for exchanging data