/ Core Competencies in Financial Management for Management ,Analysts and Financial Spe$ialists ‘, A Joint Project of the Human Resources Committee of the Chief Financial Officers Council and the Joint Financial Management.lmprovement Program ._ I -October 1997 k i 1 E 3 MEMORANDUM DATE: October 17, 1997 c To: Members of the CFO Council and other Senior Financial Managers FROM: Acting Executive Director, JFMIP -- Doris A. Chew Subject: Core Competencies for Management Analysts and Financial Specialists The Joint Financial Management Improvement Program (JFMIP) and the Human Resources Committee of the U.S. Chief Financial Officers Council, have worked together to develop core competencies, learning objectives and related development - i activities for personnel who work in CFO offices. Attached is the exposure draft of ~ core competencies in financial management for management analysts and financial specialists that was developed by an interagency project team. Kenneth Bresnahan, Chairman, CFO ,Council Human Resources Committee and I would appreciate that you share this document with those in your organization and have them review the i draft document. Please submit any comments to us by November 30, 1997. The draft is posted electronically on FinanceNet under CFO Council Human Resources Committee and JFMIP websites at <<http://www..financenet.gov>>. Comments should be sent to: JFMIP 441 G Street NW, Room 3111 Washington, DC 20548 or you may fax your comments to (202) 512-9593. If you have any questions on the Core Competencies in FinunciaL Management fol Management Analysts and Financial Specialists, please contact Len Bechtel at (202) 260-2481 or Terry Conroy at (202) 219-6891. Attachment U1GSmxr.~!Rmm3111 Ulshinpn. DC 20548 Foreword Core Competencies in Financial Management for Management Analysts and Financial Specialists is the fifth document in a series of core competencies publications developed jointly by the Chief Financial Officers Council and the Joint Financial Management Improvement Program. These ’ documents include the: Framework for Core Competencies for Financial Management Personnel in the Federal ‘Government, which ,established core competencies for accountants, budget analysts, and financial managers; Core Competencies in Financial Management for Program Managers in the Federal Government; Core Competencies in Financial Management for Information Technology Personnel in the Federal Goverbment; and Core Competencies for Financial System Analysts in the Fed&al Government. Through a combination of diminishing resources and passage of the Government Performance and Results Act, the financial community has been, asked to become more efficient in its use of its human resources. As the budgeting, planning, analysis and accountability functions have become more integrated, the competencies required to perform as either a Management Analyst or Financial Specialist have become interchangeable. As a result, the document may be used to define core competencies for both the Management Analyst and Financial Specialist positions. This merging of competencies affects only those persons working in financial management organizations and does not override the distinction made by the Office of,Personnel Management between how the two positions are defined for personnel classification purposes. This document identifies the core competencies required for entry level (level l), mid-level (level 2), and senior non-managerial staff (level 3) and the appropriate learning objectives and developmental activities. CORE COMPETENCIES IN FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT for Management Analysts and Financial Specialists ,.!_ Introduction ‘. Core Competencies”iti Financial Management for Management AnalySts and Financial SpeciaZists is the fifth in a series of core compdtencies publications’developed by the Human Resources Committee of the Chief FinancialOfficers (CFO) Council and the Joint Financial Management Improvement Program (JFMIP). This document, like its prededessors, concerns the recruitment, development and retention of staff for key financial management positions. Management Analysts and Financial Specialists Management analysts and financial specialists play critical roles ‘in the financial management and budgeting communities. .,Employees odcupyirig these, positions serve as the office “generalists,” participating in a broad range of activities related to the budget and ‘. accounting practices of their agencies. While lacking the specific expertise or educational i. background of many of their colleagues (e.g., accountants), Management Analysts and Financial Specialists often possess a broad array of personal qualities, including strong organizational, analytical and communications skills, that make them valuable to ,management and capable, of leading ‘office-wide exercises such as planning, training or lprogram’liaison. ;, i While management analysts traditionally performed functions requiring program reviews, coordination and analysis, financial specialists provided expertise and technical -assistance to core financial operations. The gap betweenthe two positions closed ., considerably when Congress passed the Government Performance arid, Results Act (Results Act). Under the Results Act, agencies need to ensure greater integration among their planning, budgeting, analysis and accountability activities. Agencies can no longer run their management processes as a series of independent activities. As a result, financial specialists need to be aware of and participate in planning and budgeting activities to make accounting information more relevant to program managers. On the other hand, management analysts must be able to understand the value of financial information in order to analyze accountability information and make appropriate recommendations to management. While specific tasks assigned to management analysts and financial specialists may continue to reside in different parts of the organization, the knowledge, skills and abilities needed to perform both positions have become remarkably similar for both. An interagency working group began the core competencies project by identifying knowledge, skills and abilities for each of the positions. After the first draft, it became apparent to the working group that a single set of core competencies was required. This document identifies these core competencies. The competencies are divided into three general categories: Basic Government Operations; Planning, Budgeting and Accountability; and 1 General ,Management. .I These are the three general areas that every Management Analyst and Financial Specialist should seek to develop. Because employees in these positions cover such a broad range of functions, it is likely that managers and employees will need to tailor the competencies to fully reflect, what any Management Analyst and Financial Specialist in their organizations shouldbe aspiring to know or be able to do. In addition, the document indicates the appropriateness of the’core competencies,for three distinct levels: 1) Entry level personnel; -2). Mid-level staff; and 3) Senior non-managerial staff. Not every core competency could possibly be achieved at each level, and this document attempts to make it clear where more senior staff need to take greater responsibility. This section of the document reflects contributions from many parties. Source documents prepared ,by the Department of Defense, Department of Energy and the Environmental,Protection,Agency served as models for the core competencies. In addition, several agencies participated on,the Workgroup developing the language for the specific competencies. ‘. , 1 : How to Use This Document, I, .: Use this .document as a guide for making a multitude of workforce decisions from considering what type of staff to hire to planning and executing staff development programs. Make. this document the centerpiece of discussions between management and staff regarding training choices ,or rotational: assignments. This document helps management to communicate its expectations to staff. It also provides, a mechanism for staff members to request assistance from management to help them grow personally and professionally. The document is just one tool to assist you .with difficult personnel issues. For additional assistance, you are encouraged to turn to,,human resource professionals in your agency. MANAGEMENT ANALYST I FINANCIAL SPECIALIST CORE COMPETENCIES Levels (Knowledge of, Ability to Use, or . LEARNING OBJECTIVES DEVELOPMENTAL ACTIVITIES Skill in Using) 1 2 3 A. Basic Government Operations 1 Knowledge of basic missions, X xx 1. Identify ” the legislative mandates and Courses: functions, and organizational structure Administration priorities for the agency. Government Performance and Results of the agency and its offices. Act Authorizing legislation Work Experiences: Rotational assignments to agency planning office, program office planning staff, or Congressional liaison office. 2 The impact that agencies such as X X X 1. Identify the role and responsibilities of Courses: OMB, Treasury, GSA and OPM have central agencies. Federal Government Operations on agency operations. Public Administration 2. Discuss approaches for-maximizing .-.. . support for agency mission by working Work Experiences: with central agencies. Details to central agencies . ,. Projects. working on functions .I .: requiring interaction with central agency staff. CORE COMPETENCIES LC?VdS (Knowledge of, Ability to Use, or LEAFWING OBJECTIVES DEVELOPMENTAL ACTIWhS Skill in Using) 1 2 3. 3 Public laws, executive orders, OMB X X X 1. Review legislative and administrative courses: circulars, bulletins, agency directives, requirements impact Federal resources Appropriations law Comptroller General decisions and management. Budget formulation court opinions governing the. agency’s,. _. Management Integrity management processes. : 2. Explain the role and impact of the Comptroller General and court opinions : on resouices management. Work Experience: Details to plauuing,budget and iinance offices : . .. :. _..“, -/ : I CORE COMPETENCIES Levels (Knowledge of, Ability to Use, or LEARNING OBJECTIVES DEVELOPMENTAL ACTIVITIES Skill in Using) 1 2 3 B. Planning, Budgeting and Accountability 1 Strategic planning process x x 1. Explain elements of strategic planning. Courses: Strategic planning 2. Identify relationships among strategic Customer service planning, budgeting and financial Creative decision making management. Leadership 3. Describe requirements of Federal Work experience: planning. Participating in agency strategic planning process. . ’ Reviewing strategic plans for cross- cutting agencies. - 2 Basic budget, accounting and program X X X 1. Explain budget and accounting Courses: terminology, concepts, and principles terminology and application. Government accounting including agency budget principles Budget formulation and procedures and the agency’s 2. Identify agency financial systems and their Budget presentation financial management system. uses. Budget execution Government accounting Cost Accounting Standard General Ledger Accounting Standards Work experience: Rotational assignments within plamiing , budgeting and finance offices. 5 - CORE COMPETENCIES (Knowledge of, Ability to Use, or T - Levels - - T LEARNING OBJECTIVES DEVELOPMENTAL ACTIVITIES Skill in Using) 1 .2 3 - - - - 3 Structure of appropriations and other X X X 1. Identify statutory and regulatory courses: funds that support accomplishments to requirements associated with budget Federal ‘budget process the agency’s mission. execution. Budget planning and formulation Appropriations Law 2. Describe Funds control and identify Cash Management internal policies that ensure administrative .Govemment Accounting control of funds. : Work experience: 3. Demonstrate necessary budget functions to Participating in preparation of accomplish organizational-mission within organ&ational budget submissions. legal parameters. Supporting manager in. budget execution. 4. Explain options for maximizing resource in complex operating environment. - - - - 4 Agency’s budget operations and X X Identify priorities and mandates for Courses: processes and how obligations and designated program area and identify process Program regulations and operations expenditures are incurred for assigned for estimating spending and managing funds. Budget Execution _’ program areas. Work Experience: Details to program offices. Joint: projects with program office staff. - - - - 6 CORE COMPETENCIES Levels (Knowledge of, Ability to Use, or LEARNING OBJECTIVES DEVELOPMENTAL ACTIVITIES Skill in Using) 1 2 3 5 Current program, budget and X Explain importance and impact of specific Courses: accounting issues and state-of-the-art budget and accounting issues to high-level Relevant .Graduate-level courses. developments in resources program officials. management field. Areas outside of Work experience: the budget which have financial Continuing education in the budget importance to the programs of the . and accounting fields-.Interaction agency. ,with peers and participation in professional seminars and symposia. ,Training.in a variety of financial management or business areas. 6 The Congressional appropriations and x x 1. Identify the steps in preparing budget Courses in: federal budget preparation processes . narratives and exhibits for inclusion in Federal budget processes as it applies to the agency. OMB and Congressional budgets. Budget formulation Budget estimating techniques : 2. Outline possible agency responses to Budget presentation and. justification potential Congressional reactions to Congressional Appropriation process proposed agency budgets. ; .. i 7 CORE COMPETENCIES Levels (Knowledge of, Ability to Use, or LEARNING OBJECTIVES DEVELOPMENTAL ACTIVITIES Skill in Using) 1 2 3 _ C. General Management 1 Basic techniques of financial x x x 1. Describe the fundamentals of financial Courses in: management, economic analysis, management. Accounting controls contract management, assistance Business administration management and business practices. 2. Identify techniques of bench marking, Analytical techniques analysis and evaluation. Process reengineering Program evaluation Fundamentals of Federal Procurement Contract management Grants management Management Integrity Work experience: Participation on process reinvention team.. Projects involving in-depth program evaluation. Evaluating internal controls ‘. 2 Strategic planning process x x 1. Explain strategic planning process. : Course in: Identify relationships among strategic Strategic planning planning, budgeting and financial Customer Service management. Creative decision making Leadership 2. Describe requirements for Federal GPRA planning. CORE COMPETENCIES Levels (Knowledge of, Ability to Use, or LEARNING OBJECTIVES DEVELOPMENTAL ACTIVITIES Skill in Using) 1 2 3 3 Performance measures, cost x x 1. Identify principles of and possible Course in: accounting and analysis. application of cost accounting in the Cost Accounting Federal government. Information Systems Performance measures 2. Review the uses of and possible Program analysis application of performance measurements, GPRA particularly in relation to the Results Act. Demonstrate how performance Work experience measurement can be integrated into the Detail to office coordinating aggncy budget process. cost accounting. Projects involving analysis of cost and/or performance data. 4 Generally accepted management x x x Identify and explain accepted management Courses: principles and practices. principles and practices, organizational College management courses development, concepts and principles. Conferences and Workshops Work Experience: Process Reengineering Team Human Resource Projects Organizational Reviews - . ,, , , CORE COMPETENCIES Levels (Knowledge of, Ability to Use, or LEARNING OBJECTIVES DEVELOPMENTAL ACTIVITIEs Skill in Using) 1 2 3 5 Organizational development concepts x x Discuss principles and applications of Courses: and organizational analysis organizational assessment, management Organizational Development techniques, performance effectiveness intervention and change management, Change Management concepts, productivity measurement management indicators, effectiveness and Bench marking and measurements system. efficiency measures, and measurement system Program Analysis design techniques. Performance Management Work experience: Rotation to Human Resource Office Participation on performance measure development teams. 6 Federal procurement, contract x x Identity and interpret Federal policies Courses: management and grants management regarding procurement, contract management, Federal Procurement cooperative agreements and grants. Grants Contract Management Project Officers Training Work experience: Serve as delivery order project officer for work assignment. Develop Statement of work for contract. Rotational Assignments . CORE COMPETENCIES Levels (Knowledge of, Ability to Use, or LEARNING OBJECTIVES DEVELOPMENTAL ACTIVITIES Skill in Using) 1 2 3 7 Productivity improvement systems and x x 1. Identify processes for reviewing and Courses: business reengineering processes. reengineering business practices. Productivity Improvement Benchmarking 2. Interpret and apply knowledge and design, Process Reengineering acquisition process, procedures, Workflow Analysis terminology and documents, and implementation of productivity Work experience: improvement systems. Reengineering Team Rotation to planning office . ,,,, i II ,,, ,/, T /I 1 CORE COMPETENClES Levels (Knowledge of, Ability to Use, or LEARNING OBJECTIVES DEVELOPMENTAL ACTIVITIES . Skill in Using) 1 2 3 D. General 1 Oral and written communication x x x 1. Prepare and present analyses, reports and Courses in: budget justifications to officials. Basic communications skills Briefing and presentation techniques 2. Conduct and, participate in effective writing skills meetings. 2 Basic computer applications X X X Demonstrate how to use computer application Courses in: to present financial data. Basic computer use Software packages used by agency (i.e., spreadsheets, graphics, presentation software). 3 Stress and time management x x x Discuss stress and time management Courses in: techniques techniques to meet tight deadlines. Stress management Time management U.S. General-Accounting Office Joint Fin&al Management Improvement Program Room3111 Bulk Rate 441GStreetNW ’ Postage d Fees Paid GAO Washington, DC 205484001 Permit No. G400 1 OFFICIAL BUSINESS ’ Penalty for Private Use $300’ ,
Core Competencies in Financial Management for Management Analysts and Financial Specialists (Exposure Draft)
Published by the Government Accountability Office on 1997-10-01.
Below is a raw (and likely hideous) rendition of the original report. (PDF)