Award of Grant by the San Francisco Operations Office of the U.S. Energy Research and Development Administration for the Energy Awareness Project

Published by the Government Accountability Office on 1977-10-28.

Below is a raw (and likely hideous) rendition of the original report. (PDF)

                          DOCUMENT RESUME
0410u - f b'I14372]              ..

f Award of Grant =by the San Franzisco Cperationx-Oice  ot the
U.S. Er.erqy Research and Development Administraticn tor the
Energy Awareness Project]. EMD-78-14; B-178126. October 28,
1977, 3 pp. + 4 enciosure~ (16 pp.).

 ieprrt to Rep. James M. Jeffords; Sen. Henry B. Jackson; San.
John A. Durk.n;
Contact: Energy and Minerals Div.
Budqet Function: Natural Resources, Environment, and anergy
organization Concerned: California Council for Envirenmenval anc---
    Econom;ic Balance; Departaent of nergy~; i'--eqy searsAlr- and-
    Development Administraticn; Federal Inergj Administatio3.
Rep. James M. Jeffords; Sen. Henry M. Jackson; Sen. John A.

           The Energy Researct and Development Administration
 (ERDA) awzrded a grant to the California Council fcr
 snvironmental and Economic Baiance ±cx the purpose of increasing
awareness ot the national and local energy situatio)j, includingc
needs, issues, prooleas, and opportnnities, among various groups
throughout California. life grant was referred to as the Energy
Awareness Project- Ten seminars held under the grant were
intended to provide an overview of the energy situation
naticnally and in California and to provida resource materials
to seminar attendees so tnat they could continue energy
education in their own communities.    Findings/fonclusicns: There
was no evidence that Federal funds were used imprcperly cr to
perform lobbying activities. Intsrviebs with seminar attendees
and review of the seminar handout materials did not indicate
that the seminar-. were presented in a biased manner or that the
att-'   s were encouraged to contact their elected
:-present .tives in order to support the administration's energy
proposals. The selection of the council for the project could be
auestloned from a public relations aspect since the council's
stance iL previous energy matters clearly estaklished them as
pror.uclear. While project funding sources bithin EPDA were
identuliable, the justifications used for transferring project
funds did not adequately or fairly reveal the real purpose for
waicni these unds were to Le used. (SC)
                                     WASHINGTON, D.C. 206 d


   B-178726                                  OCT 2 E 1977

   The Honorable Henry M. Jackson
   The Honorable John A. Durkin
   United States Senate
   The Honorable James M. Jeffords
   House of Representative:
         In letters dated October 4, 1977, and September 21,
   1977, you requested that we examine the circumstances sur-
   rounding a grant awarded by the San Francisco Operations
   Office of the U.S. Energy Research and Development Adminis-
   tration 1/ (ERDA). The stated purpose of the grant was to
   increase awareness of the national and local eneray situation
   -- needs, issues, problems, and opportunities--among various
   groups throughout California. The grant is referred to as
   the Energy Awareness Project.
        The grant was funded by ERDA and the Federal Energy
   Administration in the amount of $103,250 and was awarded to
   the California Council for Environmental and Economic
   Balance (CCEEB) in February 1977. CCEEB subcontracted the
   main aspects of the project to Solem and Associates, which
   was responsible for setting up the seminars and obtaining the
   necessary speakers. CCEEB also subcontracted with Binngere
   Associates Ltd., to coordinate project activities in southern
        Between May 19 and September 20, 1977, 10 seminars were
   held with various groups in northern and southern California.
   These sessions were intended to provide (1) an overview of
   the energy situation nationally and in California, and
   (2) resource materials to seminar attendees so that they
   could continue energy education in their own communities.

   l/The Energy Research and Development Administration is now
     part of the new Department of Energy (DOE). Since most of
     the activities discussed in this report occurred when ERDA
     was a separate agency, we will continue to refer to ERDA,
     rather than DOE.


These seminars were attended by public officials, community
leaders; and education, agriculture, media, and public inte-
rest groups. While all seminars planned under the project
have been held, evaluation and analysis of the project as
initially planned by the Energy Awareness Project Steering
Committee is still continuing with no specified date for com-

     In your letter you were concerned that the grant may
have been awarded for improper purposes, including possible
use of appropriated funds to lobby the Congress on legisla-
tive matters.

     We found no evidence that Federal funds were used improp-
erly or to perform lobbying activities. We arrived at this
conclusion after

     -- evaluating and reviewing the proposal, final
        grant documents, and other related correspond-

     -- interviewing attendees from 9 of the 10 seminars
        and reviewing seminar agenda and evaluations;

     -- interviewing responsible officials from ERDA,
        CCEEB, Solem and Associates, and members of the
        Energy Awareness Project Steering Committee.

     We consider our interviews with seminar attendees as
"the bottom line"--the most critical and important factor in
determining whether lobbying was attemited.  From these and
other interviews and review of seminar handout materials, we
found no evidence that the seminars were presented in a
biased manner or that attendees were encouraged to contact
their elected representatives in order to support the Adminis-
tration's energy proposals.

     However, we did note certain areas that we did not
follow up on durinri. ur review because of time constraints
which you may want to pursue with ERDA officials. These
include ERDA's (1) logic for approving the grant to CCEEB
in light of CCEEB's prior pronuclear stance and (2) internal
procedures and justification used for funding the grant.
While CCEEB originated the idea for the grant and submitted
an unsolicited proposal for the project to ERDA, CCEEB's
stance in previous energy matters has clearly established
it as pronuclear.


      Since the purpose of this project was to present On
unbiased, balanced presentation on the energy situation,
the selection of CCEEB for the project can be questioned
from a public relations aspect. Also, while we were able to
identify the project funding sources within ERDA, we were
not totally satisfied that the jutirfications used for trans-
ferring project funds adequately or fairly revealed the real
purpose for which these funds were to be used. Specifically,
$28,250 was transferred for the project from the Assistant
Administrator for Yuclear Energy (ANE) in June 1977, but
ERDA did not cite the project as the reason for the transfer.
Rather, ERDA reported that the funds were to be used for
securing consultant work in the program support area. Because
of ERDA's limited documentation and inability to adequately
explain its actions, we were unable to resolve this issue in
the time available. Also, the Management Coordinator, ANE,
who located and transferred the funds did not know that they
were to be used for the Energy Awareness Project.

      In the enclosures to this letter, we present more
detailed information on certain aspects of our review in
which you expressed interest. They include (1) a detailed
chronology of data leadirg up to the award and implementa-
tion of the grant in enclosure I, (2) funding sources for
the project in enclosure II, (3) a listing of sessions held,
in enclosure III, and (4) a listing of Board of Directors,
CCEEB, in enclosure IV.

     At your requests, we did not take the additional time
needed to obtain written agency comments on the matters
discussed in this report.

                             Monte Canfield    r.
Enclosures - 4

                                                     ENCLOSURE I


 September 1976       - ERDA held a public meeting in San
                        Francisco to obtain public comment on
                        their National RD&D Plan at which time
                        they emphasized the need for keeping the
                        public aware of the energy situation.
                        This was one of a series of public
                        meetings held by ERDA across the country
                        for this purpose.
 November 3, 1976    - As a result of the public meeting in San
                       Francisco, Mike Peevey, Executive Direc-
                       tor, CCEEB, (who was a member of the
                       steering committee extablished by ERDA
                       for holding that public meeting) wrote a
                       letter to Robert D. Thorne, Manager, ERDA
                       San Francisco Oper£tions Office, out-
                       lining a program to increase awareness
                       of energy problems and prospects among
                       selected California groups and to explain
                       the responsibility and role of ERDA (and
                       others) in dealing with these problems
                       and prospects. The program was to be
                       carried out by a series of meetings to
                       be held with 1,.dders of various opinion-
                       making and opinion-influencing groups
                       throughout California during the spring
                       and summer of 1977.

                      The letter contained language which could
                      lead the reader to believe that the
                      meeting would encourage participants to
                      write their congressmen in support of
                      specific legislation, pass resolutions,
                      write letters to the editor, phone in to
                      radio talk shows, etc.
November 19, 1976 - CCEEB submitted an unsolicited
                    to the ERDA San Francisco Operations
                    Office requesting a grant to fund a
                    series of energy awareness seminars.
                    The same language used in the letter to
                    Robert Thorne was incorporated in the
                    proposal document.
January 14, 1977    - A memorandum to the Assistant Administra-
                      tor for Environment and Safety, ERDA,

ENCLOSURE I                                       ENCLOSURE I

                     from his Special Assistant, pointed out
                     several of the author's misgivings about
                     the proposed grant to CCEEB. The Special
                     Assistant stated that he believed such
                     an effort to be ill conceived and mis-
                     directed. He further stated that on the
                     basis of the CCEEB outline, the project
                     appeared to be an excellent plan for one
                     of the greatest political "boondoggles"
                     of modern times.
January 27, 1977   - In a letter to Robert Thorne, Manager,
                     San Francisco Operations Office, the
                     Sierra Club, pointed out its concerns
                     about awarding the grant to CCEEB based
                     on CCEEB's history of strong opposition
                     to environmental legislation and firm
                     support for nuclear power. The letter
                     also pointed out that CCE5i led the
                     industry attack on the California Nuclear
                     Safeguard Initiative (Proposition 15).
February 7, 1977   - Robert Thorne became Acting Assistant
                     Administrator for Nuclear Energy, ERDA.
                     Washington, D.C.

                     Don Reardon, Deputy Manager, San Francisco
                     Operations Office, ERDA, became Acting
                     Manager, San Francisco Operations Office.

                    Joe LaGrone, Program Officer, San Fran-
                    cisco Operations Office, ERDA, be. lme
                    Acting Deputy Manager, San Francisco
                    Operations Office, ERDA.
February 9, 1977   - The grant was executed by Don Reardon,
                     Actinq Manager, San Francisco Operations
                     (,ffice. The stated purpose of tnis grant
                     was to increase awareness of the energy
                     situation--needs, issues, problems, and
                     opportunities--among various groups
                     throughout California and to increase
                     feedback from these groups and others
                     for use as input to local and national
                     ERDA energy and energy-related initia-
                     tives. ERDA was responsible for manag-
                     ing this grant.

                    The program 4-r this grant was to consist
                    of a series of meetings with the leaders

                                            ENCLOSURE I

              o0 specified California groups. The
              grantee was to seek sponsorship and sup-
              port from a broad range .f California
              labor, business, and special interest
              groupt and officials. CCEEB, in consul-
              tation \ith ERDA, FEA, and other spon-
              .soring groups, would plan all necessary
              arrangements for thy 'eetings. Tne pro-
              gram was to be carried out with the
              assistance of a steering committee whic,
              would help to formulate meeting objec-
              tives and develop follow up activities.
              The steering committee was to be com-
              prised of a representative cross section
              of the groups for which the seminar was
              to be conducted. Each meeting was to
              be broad in scope, tailored to the groups
              being addressed, and organized to maxi-
              mize attendance. The goals and agenda
              for each meeting were to be formulated
              by the grantee in conjunction with the
              steering committee and submitted in
              sufficient time for review and comment
              by ERDA.

              The grant called for a phase I and an
              optional phase II. Phase II would be
              used to conduct additional meetings with
              groups such as business leaders, college
              students, homeowners associations, and
              senior citizens. ERDA has not decided
              whether there will be a phase II. Phase
              I was to cover the period from February 9,
              1977, through August 9, 1977. During
              this period the grantee was to prepare
              and conduct 10 to 12 separate meetings.
              The estimated funding for phase I was
              $88,25C. The grant was modified to
              increase the period covered by phase I
              to September 30. 1977, and funds obli-
              gated to the grant were increased to
              $103,250. A breadkown of the sources
              of funds applied for phase I of the grant
              is as follows:


              Assistant Administrator for
                Nuclear Energy (ANE)         $ 58,250

                                               ENCLOSURE I

                  ERLJA (con. )
                  Office of Public Affairs (OPA)     $ 20,000
                  Assistant Admin   'rator for
                    Planning, Ana,    ;, and
                    Evaluation (APA                    10,000

                  Region 9 office in San Francisco    15,000
                        Total                        $103,250
                  (See enc. II for a more detailed analysis
                  and explanation of the funding sources for
                  the grant.)

                 The language in the proposal submitted
                 to ERDA by CCEEB, on November 19, 1976,
                 which may have been misunderstood and
                 construed to imply that the seminars
                 would be used to encourage participants
                 to lobby the Congress on legislative
                 matters, was not used in the final grant
                 document. ERDA officials told us that
                 the language was deleted specifically so
                 that there would be no misunderstanding
                 of the grant's intent.
April 25, 1977   The Council issued a press release
                 publicly announcing the start of the
                 Energy Awareness Project. According to
                 the announcement, the project was to con-
                 sist of a series of energy seminars to be
                 held throughout California to " * * *
                 present an overview of energy problems
                 and alternatives and provide in-depth
                 resource materials and tools for seminar
                 participants to continue the energy edu-
                 cation program within their own communi-
                 ties." The announcement stated that
                 seminars were to be held with education,
                 agricultural, and public interest groups;
                 media leadership; low income group
                 leaders; labor union officials; and public

                 CCEEB entered into a subcontract with
                 Solem and Associates, public relations
                 consultants, to carry out statewide

ENCLOSURE I                                      ENCLOSURE I

                    direction of the project including
                    providing experienced personnel and
                    staff operation facilities; researching
                    and preparing seminar program content;
                    researching and preparing resource books
                    for seminar participants; seminar sched-
                    uling, logistics and arrangements; iden-
                    tifying, inviting, and working with
                    seminar participants; recruiting and
                    working with steering committee members
                    and individual seminar task forces on
                    overall program and individual seminar
                    content; developing and implementing
                    publicity regarding overall project and
                    individual seminars; and designing semi-
                    nar follow up and measurements of pro-
                    gram success.
June 3, 1977      - Letter amending original letter of agree-
                    ment between Binngere Associates, Ltd.,
                    and CCEEB whereby Binngere Associates,
                    Ltd., would provide professional services
                    for coordinating project activities in
                    southern California.  (We did not obtain
                    the original letter.)
October 6, 1977   - Don Reardon, Acting Manager, San Fran-
                    cisco Operations Office, left ERDA for
                    a 2-year assignment with the Department
                    of State.

                   Joe LaGrone became Acting Manager, DOE
                   San Francisco Operations Office.

ENCLOSURE II                                        ENCLOSURE II


     We were told by the Acting Manager, San Francisco
Operations Office, that the following groups within ERDA
were requested to provide funds for the project:

     -- Assistant Administrator for Nuclear Energy.

     --"Assistant AdminisCrator for Environment and Safety.

     -- Assistant Administrator for Conservation.

     -- Asristant Administrator for Planning, Analysis,
        and Evaluation.

     -- Office of Public Affairs.

Of these groups, only the following provided funds.

                                          Amount of funds
                Group                         provided
     Assistant Administrator for
       Nuclear Energy (ANE)                    $58,250
     Office of Public Affairs (OPA)             20,000
     Assistant Administrator for
       Planning, Analysis, and
       Evaluation (APAE)                        10,000
The Acting Manager, San Francisco Operations Office, told us
that the Conservation Group did not provide funds because it
already had its own program for getting public comments, and
the Environment and Safety Group did not provide funds
because of its concerns with the initial project proposal.

     The Federal Energy Administration (FEA) provided $15,000
for the project. These funds came from FEA's Region 9 Office
in San Francisco.

     The total current funding for the project is $103,250.

     Following is a breakdown of funding for the project by
source of funds, reason for transfer (as stated in agency
transfer documents), principal agency officials contacted,
and explanation of transaction as provided by these officials.

ENCLOSURE II                                        ENCLOSURE II

  I.          Source of funds                  Amount
       Assistant Administrator
         for Nuclear Energy:

            April 1977 transfer               $30,000
            June 1977 transfer                 28,250
       Reason for transfer (as provided in transfer documents):
       April 1977 - Assessment of the economic and environ-
                    mental implications of energy development.
       June 1977     - To be used for securing consultant work in
                       the program support area.
       Principal ERDA officials contacted:
       1.    Management Coordinator, Assistant Administrator for
               Nuclear Energy (ANE)
       2.    Deputy Assistant Administrator for Field Operations
       3.    Acting Deputy Manager, San Francisco Operations
               Office (currently Acting Manager)
       Explanation for transfer as provided by ERDA officials:
       April 1977.- ANE received a request from the San Fran-
                    cisco Operations Office for $30,000 for
                    partial support of the CCEEB grant. The
                    request was reviewed by an ANE board that
                    reviews requests for monetary assistance.
                    The board felt that the proposal was
                    worthy of support and provided $30,000.
       June 1977    - By letter dated June 27, 1977, addressed
                      to Robert Thorne, Acting Assistant Adminis-
                      trator for Nuclear Energy, from the Deputy
                      Assistant Administrator for Field Opera-
                      tions, $30,000 was requested for use in
                      securing some consultant work in the pro-
                      gram support area. According to the
                      Management Coordinator, ANE, who is also
                      on the review board, he ago instructed
                      to locate and transfer avaiaitle funds
                      to Field Operations. In addition, he
                      stated that this request did not receive

ENCLOSURE II                                       ENCLOSURE II

                      board review and he was not aware that
                      the money was being provided for CCEEB.
                      EuL could not remember specifically who
                      instructed him co provide the money to
                      Field Operations. Of the $30,000
                      requested, only $28,250 was obligated.

                      We were told by officials in San Franrisco
                      that they do not know why Field Operations
                      requested funds for consultant work in the
                      program support area whereas the funds
                      were actually going to be used in support
                      of the CCEEB grant.

IfI              Source of funds              Amount

      Office of Public Affairs (OPA):

           March 1977 transfer               $10,000
           September 1977 transfer            10,000

      Reason for t.nsafer (as provided in transfer documents):

      Mar.h 1977        - To cofund a grant to the California
                          Council for Environmental and Economic
                          Balance for a series of symposia on
                          energy awareness.
      September 1977 - To increase an existing grant to tFe
                       CaJiforniA Council for Environmental
                       and Economic Balance.

      Principal ERDA officials contacted:

      1.    Assistant Director for Public Services, OPA

      Explanation for transfer as proviaed by ERDA official:

      March 1977        - OPA provided $10,000 to help cofund
                          the CCEEB grant.

      September 1977 - San Francisco Operations Office
                       requested an additional $15,000 to
                       close 'ut phase I of the CCEEB project.
                       OPA was able to provide the funds
                       because two public meetings had been
                       postponed.  $5,000 of these funds were
                       not applied to the project and were

ENCLOSURE II                                      ENCLOSURE II

                         eventually transferred to a solar
                         heating, public information project.

III.        Source of funds                  Amount
       Assistant Administrator
        for Planning, Analysis,
        and Evaluation (APAE):
        March 1977 transfer                 $10,000

       Reason for transfer (as provided in transfer document):

       March 1977 - To cover the cost of a California Council
                    on Energy and Environmental Balance StiAy.

       Principal ERDA official contacted:
       1.   Assistant Administrator for Planning, Analysis,
              and Evaluation

       Explanation for transfer as provided by ERDA official:

       March 1977 - The Assistant Administrator, APAE, does
                    not remember any of the details sur-
                    rounding the request for funds for the
                    project. He stated that his Office was
                    involved in similar activities at the
                    time and that the CCEEB grant was an out-
                    come of the California public meetings.
                    He instructed the Budget and Admir'stra.
                    tive Officer, APAE, to locate and transfer
                    available funds.

 IV.           Source of funds               Amount

       Federal Energy Administration
       Region 9 San Francisco               $15,000
       Reason for transfer:

       To fund seminars to be conducted by California Council
       on Environmental a~r Economic Balance.

       Principal FEA official contacted:

       1.   Acting Deputy Regional Representative, Department
              of Energy, San Francisco Region 9

ENCLOSURE II                                    ENCLOSURE II

      Explanation for transfer as provided by FEA official:
      The Acting Deputy Regional Representative stated that
      FEA provided funds for the Energy Awareness Project
      because they felt that there was a need for a public
      information program dealing with the current energy
      situation, and that the project appeared to be a good
      vehicle for that purpose.

ENCLOSURE III                                   ENCLOSURE III


 1.   Northern California Education Seminar - San Francisco,
      California (May 19, 1977)

 2.   Los Angeles Education Seminar - Los Angeles, California
      (May 23, 1977)

 3.   Northern California Public Interest Groups Seminar - San
      Francisco, California (July 23, 1977)

 4.   Statewide Public Officials Seminar - Los Angeles,
      California (July 27, 1977)

 5.   Northern California Community Leaders Seminar - San Fran-
      cisco, C;tlifornia (August 6, 1977)

 6.   Los Angeles Community Leaders Seminar - Los Angeles,
      California (August 20, 1977)

 7.   Agricultural Energy Conference - Fresno, California
      (September 1, 1977)
 8.   San Francisco Media Seminar - San Francisco, California
      (September 9, 1977)

 9.   Los Anaeles Public Interest Group Seminar - Los Angeles,
      California (September 10, 1977)

10.   Los Angeles Media Seminar - Los Angeles, California
      (3eptember 20, 1977)

ENCLOSURE IV                                      ENCLOSURE IV



Joseph E. Baird, £resident, Occidental Petroleum Corporation,
  Los Angeles

George T. Ballou, Vice President, Standard Oil of California,
  San Francisco
Thcrnton F. Bradshaw, President, Atlantic Richfield Company,
  Los Angeles

W. Dean Cannon, Jr., Executive Vice President, California
  Savings & Loan League, Los Angeles

J. Howard Edgerton, Chairman, California Federal Savings,
  Los Angeles

W. W. Finley, Jr., President, General Atomic Companies, San

J. E. Goetz, Vice President, Westinghouse Corporation, San

Jack K. Horton, Chairman, Southern California Edison Company,
Preston B. Hotchkis, President, Bixby Ranch Company, Los

L. E. Hoyt, Vice President, Southern Pacific Company, San

Jack Jones, Manager, Dow Chemical USA, Pittsburgh

J. W. Komes, Vice Chairman, The Bechtel Group, San Francisco

H. M. Lawson, Regional Vice President, General Electric
  Company, San Francisco

1/Source:   California Council for Environmental and Economic

                                                 ENCLOSURE IV

 Edwin Meese, III, Executive Vice President, Rohr
   Chula Vista

 Paul A. Miller, Chairman, Pacific Lighting Corporation,
   Angeles                                               Los

 Robert E. Morris, President, San Diego Gas & Electric
   San Diego

Barry E. Scherman, Vice President, Hofmann Company,
Shermer L. Sibley, Chairman, PG&E Company, San Francisco

Raymond L. Watson, President, Irvine Company, Newport
Leopold S. Wyler, President, TRE Corporation, Los

M. E. Anderson, International Director, Western Conference
  of Teamsters, Burlingame

James B. Booe, District 9 Vice President, Communication
  Workers of America, San Francisco

M. B. Bryant, Member, General Executive Board,
  Brotherhood of Carpenters, Sacramento
Al Caples, Business Manager, Sacramento Building
                                                 and Construc-
  tion Trades Council
John A. Cinquemani, Executive Secretary-Treasurer,
  Angeles Building and Construction Trades Council Los

Jack T. Cox, General Vice President, International
  hood of Painters and Allied Trades, Irvine       Brother-

John F. Crowley, Secretary-Treasurer, San Francisco
  Council                                           Labor

Robert Geisick, Business Manager, Hotel, Restaurant
  Joint Executive Board, Los Angeles                Employees

Kenneth G. Hahn, Executive Secretary-Treasurer,
  Building and Construction Trades Council, Ventura

Pete Kurbatoff, President, Teamsters, Joint Council
  Los Angeles                                       No. 42,

ENCLOSURE IV                                    ENCLOSURE IV

James S. Lee, President, State Building and Construction
  Trade Council of California, Sacramento

Leo L. Mitchell, Business Manager, Local 1245, International
  Brotherhood of Electrical Workers, Walnut Creek

Leslie C. Parker, Executive Secretary, San Diego County
  Council of Carpenters

Anthony L. Ramos, Executive Secretary-Treasurer, California
  State Council of Carpenters, San Francisco

R. R. Richardson, Executive Secretary-Treasurer, San Diego-
  Imperial Counties Central Labor Council

William R. Robertson, Executive Secretary-Treasurer, Los
  Angeles County Federation of Labor

Robert Simpson, Vice President, International Association of
  Machinists, Long Beach
James J. Twombley, Regional Director, Western Conference of
  Operating Engineers, San Mateo

Mason M. Warren, Regional Manager, Laborers' International
  Union, Los Angeles

Jerry Whipple, Director, Region 6, United Automobile Workers,
  Los Angerles


Edmund G. Brown, Attorney, Los Angeles

Emory C. Curtis, Consultant, San Francisco

Katherine Dunlap, Civic Leader, Los Angeles

Ralph D. Fertig, Executive Director Community Action Agency,
  Los Angeles
Albert W. Gatov, Consultant, San Francisco

Paul R. Haerle, Attorney, San Francisco

Werner Z. Hirsch, Professor of Economics, UCLA, Los Angeles

Patricia Hitt, Civic Leader, Orange County

ENCLOSURE IV                                    ENCLOSURE IV

Harold R. Hochmuth, Vice President, Califronia Natural
  Resources Federation, Santa Rosa

Eugene Jacobs, Attorney, Los Angeles

Robert C. Kirkwood, Attorney, San Francisco

Daniel M. Luevano, Director, Western Center on Law & Poverty,
  Los Angeles

Charles T. Manatt, Attorney, Los Angeles

Jack Edward McKee, Environmental Engineer, Pasadena

Robert F. Miller, Attorney, San Francisco

James L. Mulloy, Assistant General Manager, Los Angeles
  Department of Water and Power

Rosemary Park, Professor Emeritus, UCLA, Los Angeles

Robert Pauley, Civic Leader, Los Angeles

Robert V. Phillips, Civi: Leader, Los Angeles

Glenn T. Seaborg, University Professor of Chemistry, Univer-
  sity of California and Associate Director, Lawrence Berke-
  ley Laboratory

Edmvund G. Brown, Chairman

James S. Lee, Vice Chairman

Robert V. Vallera, Secretary

Thomas C. Ellick, Treasurer


     CCEEB is a not-for-profit corporation under California
law. According to the Internal Revenue Code, they are a 501
(c)(4) organization. This means that they are a non-profit
organization chartered to perform lobbying activities. They
do not pay taxes but organizations or individuals contri-
buting to them cannot deduct their contribution for income
tax purposes.

ENCLOSURE IV                                    ENCLOSURE IV

     CCEEB is considered by many people as a pro-nuclear
organization. They were actively involved in trying to get
proposition 15 defeated. Also, Solem and Associates, who
CCEEB subcontracted to for most of the work under the grant,
was also actively involved in trying to defeat proposition

     Bob Vallera, who is on the Board of Directors of CCEEB
as Secretary, is also employed by the ERDA San Francisco
Operations Office as a full-time temporary employee with
the position of Associate for Consumer Representation. He
was appointed to that position in September 1976 and his
appointment expires in January 1978.  He is not a salaried
employee of CCEEB.