oversight

Senior Executive Service: Enhanced Agency Efforts Needed to Improve Diversity as the Senior Corps Turns Over

Published by the Government Accountability Office on 2003-01-17.

Below is a raw (and likely hideous) rendition of the original report. (PDF)

               United States General Accounting Office

GAO            Report to Congressional Requesters




January 2003
               SENIOR EXECUTIVE
               SERVICE
               Enhanced Agency
               Efforts Needed to
               Improve Diversity as
               the Senior Corps
               Turns Over




GAO-03-34
               a
                                               January 2003


                                               SENIOR EXECUTIVE SERVICE

                                               Enhanced Agency Efforts Needed To
Highlights of GAO-03-34, a report to
Danny K. Davis, Ranking Minority               Improve Diversity As The Senior Corps
Member, House Subcommittee on Civil
Service, Census and Agency                     Turns Over
Organization, House Committee on
Government Reform, and Representatives
Elijah E. Cummings, Eleanor Holmes
Norton, and Edolphus Towns




 The federal government faces                  More than half of the 6,100 career SES members employed on October 1,
 large losses in its Senior                    2000, will have left service by October 1, 2007. Using current SES
 Executive Service (SES),                      appointment trends, the only significant changes in diversity will be an
 primarily through retirement but              increase in the number of white women and an essentially equal decrease in
 also because of other normal                  white men.
 attrition. This presents the
 government with substantial                   About 46 percent of GS-15s and 34 percent of GS-14s on board in October
 challenges to assuring an able                2000 will leave by October 2007, but the number of minorities still in the GS-
 management cadre and also                     15 and GS-14 workforce will provide agencies the opportunity to select
 provides opportunities to affect              minority members for the SES.
 the composition of the SES.
 GAO estimated the number of                   Estimates for 24 large agencies showed substantial variation in SES losses in
 SES members who would                         the proportion leaving and the effect on agencies’ racial, ethnic, and gender
 actually leave service through                profiles, with 10 agencies with decreases in minority representation and 12
 fiscal year 2007 and reviewed the             with increases.
 implications for diversity, as
 defined by race, ethnicity, and               The 6 agencies GAO visited recognize that the SES needs to be more diverse
 gender, of the estimated losses.              than GAO’s projections estimate and have efforts under way to address SES
 Specifically, GAO estimated by                diversity. They also recognize that more will have to be done than in the
 race, ethnicity, and gender the               past if diversity is to be enhanced.
 number of members of the
 career SES who will leave                     Changes in the SES from Fiscal Years 2000 through 2007
 government service from                                                                  2000                        2007
 October 1, 2000, through                          From 2000 through 2007
 September 30, 2007, and what                           55% of SES
 the profile of the SES will be if                       employees
 appointment trends do not                            governmentwide
 change. GAO made the same                              will retire or                    67.1%                      62.1%
 estimates for the pool of GS-15s                        leave office
 and GS-14s, from whose ranks                                                          White males           White males (down 5%)
 the vast majority of
 replacements for departing SES
 members come, to ascertain the
 likely composition of that pool.                             55%
                                                                                               19.1%                     23.1%

                                                                                      White females           White females (up 4%)

                                                        White female SES
                                                     percentage will increase                                             14.6%
                                                                                               13.8%
                                                    if current selection trends
www.gao.gov/cgi-bin/getrpt?GAO-03-34.                 continue. However, the
                                                        minority percentage
To view the full report, including the scope              will change little.
and methodology, click on the link above.                                         Minority male and female   Minority male and female
For more information, contact Victor S.                                                                              (up 0.7%)
Rezendes at (202) 512-6806 or
                                               Source: GAO.
rezendesv@gao.gov.
Contents



Letter                                                                                                    1
                              Results in Brief                                                            2
                              Background                                                                  6
                              Government Has Important Opportunity To Affect SES Diversity,
                                But Little Will Change If Current Appointment Trends Continue             7
                              Picture at 24 CFO Agencies Varies, but Estimated Diversity Changes
                                Usually Small                                                            11
                              OPM and the Federal Agencies Said That Further Action Is Needed
                                to Promote SES Diversity                                                 14
                              Agency Comments                                                            16


Appendixes
               Appendix I:    Objectives, Scope, and Methodology                                         19
                              Analysis of Separation Trends                                              19
                              Estimation Methodology of Future SES Separations                           20
                              Analysis of Appointment Trends                                             21
                              Limitations                                                                27
               Appendix II:   Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15, and GS-14 Staff
                              at the 24 CFO Agencies                                                     30
              Appendix III:   Reactions of Four Federal Agencies, OPM, and EEOC to SES
                              Diversity Data                                                           102
                              Social Security Administration                                           102
                              Department of the Interior                                               104
                              Department of Energy                                                     104
                              Department of Veterans Affairs                                           106
                              Office of Personnel Management                                           107
                              Equal Employment Opportunity Commission                                  109
              Appendix IV:    Comments from the Office of Personnel Management                         110
               Appendix V:    Comments from the Equal Employment Opportunity
                              Commission                                                               112
              Appendix VI:    Comments from the Social Security Administration                         117
             Appendix VII:    Comments from the Department of Veterans Affairs                         118
             Appendix VIII:   Comments from the Department of Energy                                   119
              Appendix IX:    GAO Contact and Staff Acknowledgments                                    121




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Tables   Table 1: Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of Career SES Corps, Actual as
                   of October 1, 2000; Those Estimated to Remain Employed
                   on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and
                   Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those Departing Are
                   Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000                8
         Table 2: Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of GS-15s, Actual as of
                   October 1, 2000; Those Estimated to Remain Employed on
                   October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and
                   Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those Departing Are
                   Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000                9
         Table 3: Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of GS-14s, Actual as of
                   October 1, 2000; Those Estimated to Remain Employed on
                   October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and
                   Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those Departing Are
                   Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000               10
         Table 4: Number of SES, Percentages of Women and Minorities on
                   October 1, 2000, and Percentages of Women and Minorities
                   on October 1, 2007, Assuming SES Appointment Trends for
                   Fiscal Years 1995-2000 Continue, by CFO Agency                    12
         Table 5: Confidence Intervals: Estimated Race, Ethnicity, and
                   Gender of Career SES Corps on October 1, 2007, after
                   Attrition                                                         22
         Table 6: Confidence Intervals: Projected Race, Ethnicity, and
                   Gender of Career SES Corps on October 1, 2007, if Those
                   Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years
                   1995-2000                                                         23
         Table 7: Confidence Intervals: Estimated Race, Ethnicity, and
                   Gender of GS-15s on October 1, 2007, after Attrition              24
         Table 8: Confidence Intervals: Projected Race, Ethnicity, and
                   Gender of GS-15s on October 1, 2007, if Those Departing
                   Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000           25
         Table 9: Confidence Intervals: Estimated Race, Ethnicity, and
                   Gender of GS-14s on October 1, 2007, after Attrition              26
         Table 10: Confidence Intervals: Projected Race, Ethnicity, and
                   Gender of GS-14s on October 1, 2007, if Those Departing
                   Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000           27




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Table 11: Department of Agriculture—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender
          of Career SES Corps, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those
          Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after
          Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1,
          2007, if Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for
          Fiscal Years 1995-2000                                             30
Table 12: Department of Agriculture—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender
          of GS-15s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those Estimated to
          Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for
          Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those
          Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years
          1995-2000                                                          31
Table 13: Department of Agriculture—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender
          of GS-14s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those Estimated to
          Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for
          Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those
          Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years
          1995-2000                                                          32
Table 14: Agency for International Development—Race, Ethnicity,
          and Gender of Career SES Corps, Actual as of October 1,
          2000; Those Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1,
          2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for
          October 1, 2007, if Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual
          Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000                                   33
Table 15: Agency for International Development—Race, Ethnicity,
          and Gender of GS-15s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those
          Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after
          Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1,
          2007, if Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for
          Fiscal Years 1995-2000                                             34
Table 16: Agency for International Development—Race, Ethnicity,
          and Gender of GS-14s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those
          Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after
          Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1,
          2007, if Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for
          Fiscal Years 1995-2000                                             35
Table 17: Department of Commerce—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of
          Career SES Corps, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those
          Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after
          Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1,
          2007, if Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for
          Fiscal Years 1995-2000                                             36



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Table 18: Department of Commerce—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of
          GS-15s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those Estimated to
          Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for
          Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those
          Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years
          1995-2000                                                         37
Table 19: Department of Commerce—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of
          GS-14s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those Estimated to
          Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for
          Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those
          Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years
          1995-2000                                                         38
Table 20: Department of Defense—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of
          Career SES Corps, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those
          Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after
          Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1,
          2007, if Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for
          Fiscal Years 1995-2000                                            39
Table 21: Department of Defense—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of
          GS-15s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those Estimated to
          Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for
          Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those
          Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years
          1995-2000                                                         40
Table 22: Department of Defense—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of
          GS-14s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those Estimated to
          Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for
          Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those
          Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years
          1995-2000                                                         41
Table 23: Department of Education—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of
          Career SES Corps, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those
          Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after
          Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1,
          2007, if Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for
          Fiscal Years 1995-2000                                            42
Table 24: Department of Education—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of
          GS-15s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those Estimated to
          Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for
          Attrition, and Estimates for October 1, 2007; if Those
          Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years
          1995-2000                                                         43



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Table 25: Department of Education—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of
          GS-14s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those Estimated to
          Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for
          Attrition, and Estimates for October 1, 2007; if Those
          Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years
          1995-2000                                                           44
Table 26: Department of Energy—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of
          Career SES Corps, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those
          Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after
          Accounting for Attrition, and Estimates for October 1,
          2007; if Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for
          Fiscal Years 1995-2000                                              45
Table 27: Department of Energy—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of
          GS-15s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those Estimated to
          Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for
          Attrition, and Estimates for October 1, 2007; if Those
          Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years
          1995-2000                                                           46
Table 28: Department of Energy—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of
          GS-14s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those Estimated to
          Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for
          Attrition, and Estimates for October 1, 2007; if Those
          Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years
          1995-2000                                                           47
Table 29: Environmental Protection Agency—Race, Ethnicity, and
          Gender of Career SES Corps, Actual as of October 1, 2000;
          Those Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007,
          after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1,
          2007, if Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for
          Fiscal Years 1995-2000                                              48
Table 30: Environmental Protection Agency—Race, Ethnicity, and
          Gender of GS-15s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those
          Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after
          Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1,
          2007, if Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for
          Fiscal Years 1995-2000                                              49
Table 31: Environmental Protection Agency—Race, Ethnicity, and
          Gender of GS-14s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those
          Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after
          Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1,
          2007, if Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for
          Fiscal Years 1995-2000                                              50



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Table 32: Federal Emergency Management Agency—Race,
          Ethnicity, and Gender of Career SES Corps, Actual as of
          October 1, 2000; Those Estimated to Remain Employed on
          October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and
          Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those Departing Are
          Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000                 51
Table 33: Federal Emergency Management Agency—Race,
          Ethnicity, and Gender of GS-15s, Actual as of October 1,
          2000; Those Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1,
          2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for
          October 1, 2007, if Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual
          Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000                                    52
Table 34: Federal Emergency Management Agency—Race,
          Ethnicity, and Gender of GS-14s, Actual as of October 1,
          2000; Those Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1,
          2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for
          October 1, 2007, if Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual
          Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000                                    53
Table 35: General Services Administration—Race, Ethnicity, and
          Gender of Career SES Corps, Actual as of October 1, 2000;
          Those Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007,
          after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1,
          2007, if Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for
          Fiscal Years 1995-2000                                              54
Table 36: General Services Administration—Race, Ethnicity, and
          Gender of GS-15s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those
          Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after
          Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1,
          2007, if Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for
          Fiscal Years 1995-2000                                              55
Table 37: General Services Administration—Race, Ethnicity, and
          Gender of GS-14s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those
          Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after
          Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1,
          2007, if Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for
          Fiscal Years 1995-2000                                              56
Table 38: Department of Health and Human Services—Race,
          Ethnicity, and Gender of Career SES Corps, Actual as of
          October 1, 2000; Those Estimated to Remain Employed on
          October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and
          Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those Departing Are
          Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000                 57



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Table 39: Department of Health and Human Services—Race,
          Ethnicity, and Gender of GS-15s, Actual as of October 1,
          2000; Those Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1,
          2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for
          October 1, 2007, if Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual
          Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000                                   58
Table 40: Department of Health and Human Services—Race,
          Ethnicity, and Gender of GS-14s, Actual as of October 1,
          2000; Those Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1,
          2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for
          October 1, 2007, if Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual
          Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000                                   59
Table 41: Department of Housing and Urban Development—Race,
          Ethnicity, and Gender of Career SES Corps, Actual as of
          October 1, 2000; Those Estimated to Remain Employed on
          October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and
          Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those Departing Are
          Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000                60
Table 42: Department of Housing and Urban Development—Race,
          Ethnicity, and Gender of GS-15s, Actual as of October 1,
          2000; Those Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1,
          2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for
          October 1, 2007, if Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual
          Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000                                   61
Table 43: Department of Housing and Urban Development—Race,
          Ethnicity, and Gender of GS-14s, Actual as of October 1,
          2000; Those Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1,
          2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for
          October 1, 2007, if Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual
          Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000                                   62
Table 44: Department of the Interior—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender
          of Career SES Corps, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those
          Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after
          Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1,
          2007, if Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for
          Fiscal Years 1995-2000                                             63
Table 45: Department of the Interior—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender
          of GS-15s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those Estimated to
          Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for
          Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those
          Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years
          1995-2000                                                          64



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Table 46: Department of the Interior—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender
          of GS-14s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those Estimated to
          Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for
          Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those
          Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years
          1995-2000                                                          65
Table 47: Department of Justice—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of
          Career SES Corps, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those
          Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after
          Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1,
          2007, if Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for
          Fiscal Years 1995-2000                                             66
Table 48: Department of Justice—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of
          GS-15s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those Estimated to
          Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for
          Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those
          Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years
          1995-2000                                                          67
Table 49: Department of Justice—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of
          GS-14s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those Estimated to
          Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for
          Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those
          Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years
          1995-2000                                                          68
Table 50: Department of Labor—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of
          Career SES Corps, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those
          Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after
          Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1,
          2007, if Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for
          Fiscal Years 1995-2000                                             69
Table 51: Department of Labor—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of
          GS-15s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those Estimated to
          Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for
          Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those
          Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years
          1995-2000                                                          70
Table 52: Department of Labor—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of
          GS-14s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those Estimated to
          Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for
          Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those
          Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years
          1995-2000                                                          71



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Table 53: National Aeronautics and Space Administration—Race,
          Ethnicity, and Gender of Career SES Corps, Actual as of
          October 1, 2000; Those Estimated to Remain Employed on
          October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and
          Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those Departing Are
          Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000                 72
Table 54: National Aeronautics and Space Administration—Race,
          Ethnicity, and Gender of GS-15s, Actual as of October 1,
          2000; Those Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1,
          2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for
          October 1, 2007, if Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual
          Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000                                    73
Table 55: National Aeronautics and Space Administration—Race,
          Ethnicity, and Gender of GS-14s, Actual as of October 1,
          2000; Those Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1,
          2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for
          October 1, 2007, if Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual
          Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000                                    74
Table 56: Nuclear Regulatory Commission—Race, Ethnicity, and
          Gender of Career SES Corps, Actual as of October 1, 2000;
          Those Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007,
          after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1,
          2007, if Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for
          Fiscal Years 1995-2000                                              75
Table 57: Nuclear Regulatory Commission—Race, Ethnicity, and
          Gender of GS-15s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those
          Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after
          Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1,
          2007, if Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for
          Fiscal Years 1995-2000                                              76
Table 58: Nuclear Regulatory Commission—Race, Ethnicity, and
          Gender of GS-14s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those
          Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after
          Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1,
          2007, if Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for
          Fiscal Years 1995-2000                                              77
Table 59: National Science Foundation—Race, Ethnicity, and
          Gender of Career SES Corps, Actual as of October 1, 2000;
          Those Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007,
          after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1,
          2007, if Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for
          Fiscal Years 1995-2000                                              78



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Table 60: National Science Foundation—Race, Ethnicity, and
          Gender of GS-15s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those
          Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after
          Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1,
          2007, if Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for
          Fiscal Years 1995-2000                                              79
Table 61: National Science Foundation—Race, Ethnicity, and
          Gender of GS-14s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those
          Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after
          Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1,
          2007, if Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for
          Fiscal Years 1995-2000                                              80
Table 62: Office of Personnel Management—Race, Ethnicity, and
          Gender of Career SES Corps, Actual as of October 1, 2000;
          Those Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007,
          after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1,
          2007, if Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for
          Fiscal Years 1995-2000                                              81
Table 63: Office of Personnel Management—Race, Ethnicity, and
          Gender of GS-15s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those
          Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after
          Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1,
          2007, if Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for
          Fiscal Years 1995-2000                                              82
Table 64: Office of Personnel Management—Race, Ethnicity, and
          Gender of GS-14s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those
          Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after
          Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1,
          2007, if Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for
          Fiscal Years 1995-2000                                              83
Table 65: Small Business Administration—Race, Ethnicity, and
          Gender of Career SES Corps, Actual as of October 1, 2000;
          Those Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007,
          after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1,
          2007, if Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for
          Fiscal Years 1995-2000                                              84
Table 66: Small Business Administration—Race, Ethnicity, and
          Gender of GS-15s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those
          Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after
          Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1,
          2007, if Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for
          Fiscal Years 1995-2000                                              85



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Table 67: Small Business Administration—Race, Ethnicity, and
          Gender of GS-14s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those
          Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after
          Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1,
          2007, if Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for
          Fiscal Years 1995-2000                                              86
Table 68: Social Security Administration—Race, Ethnicity, and
          Gender of Career SES Corps, Actual as of October 1, 2000;
          Those Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007,
          after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1,
          2007, if Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for
          Fiscal Years 1995-2000                                              87
Table 69: Social Security Administration—Race, Ethnicity, and
          Gender of GS-15s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those
          Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after
          Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1,
          2007, if Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for
          Fiscal Years 1995-2000                                              88
Table 70: Social Security Administration—Race, Ethnicity, and
          Gender of GS-14s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those
          Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after
          Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1,
          2007, if Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for
          Fiscal Years 1995-2000                                              89
Table 71: Department of State—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of
          Career SES Corps, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those
          Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after
          Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1,
          2007, if Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for
          Fiscal Years 1995-2000                                              90
Table 72: Department of State—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of
          GS-15s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those Estimated to
          Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for
          Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those
          Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years
          1995-2000                                                           91
Table 73: Department of State—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of
          GS-14s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those Estimated to
          Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for
          Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those
          Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years
          1995-2000                                                           92



Page xi                                        GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
Contents




Table 74: Department of Transportation—Race, Ethnicity, and
          Gender of Career SES Corps, Actual as of October 1, 2000;
          Those Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007,
          after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1,
          2007, if Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for
          Fiscal Years 1995-2000                                              93
Table 75: Department of Transportation—Race, Ethnicity, and
          Gender of GS-15s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those
          Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after
          Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1,
          2007, if Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for
          Fiscal Years 1995-2000                                              94
Table 76: Department of Transportation—Race, Ethnicity, and
          Gender of GS-14s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those
          Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after
          Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1,
          2007, if Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for
          Fiscal Years 1995-2000                                              95
Table 77: Department of the Treasury—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender
          of Career SES Corps, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those
          Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after
          Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1,
          2007, if Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for
          Fiscal Years 1995-2000                                              96
Table 78: Department of the Treasury—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender
          of GS-15s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those Estimated to
          Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for
          Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those
          Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years
          1995-2000                                                           97
Table 79: Department of the Treasury—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender
          of GS-14s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those Estimated to
          Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for
          Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those
          Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years
          1995-2000                                                           98
Table 80: Department of Veterans Affairs—Race, Ethnicity, and
          Gender of Career SES Corps, Actual as of October 1, 2000;
          Those Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007,
          after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1,
          2007, if Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for
          Fiscal Years 1995-2000                                              99



Page xii                                       GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
         Contents




         Table 81: Department of Veterans Affairs—Race, Ethnicity, and
                   Gender of GS-15s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those
                   Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after
                   Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1,
                   2007, if Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for
                   Fiscal Years 1995-2000                                          100
         Table 82: Department of Veterans Affairs—Race, Ethnicity, and
                   Gender of GS-14s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those
                   Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after
                   Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1,
                   2007, if Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for
                   Fiscal Years 1995-2000                                          101


Figure   Figure 1: Governmentwide Changes in the SES from Fiscal Years
                   2000 through 2007                                                  4




         Page xiii                                    GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
Contents




Abbreviations

AAPI                  Asian American and Pacific Islander
AID                   Agency for International Development
CFO                   Chief Financial Officer
CPDF                  Central Personnel Data File
EEO                   Equal Employment Opportunity
EEOC                  Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
EPA                   Environmental Protection Agency
FBI                   Federal Bureau of Investigation
FEMA                  Federal Emergency Management Agency
GS                    General Schedule
GSA                   General Services Administration
HHS                   Department of Health and Human Services
HUD                   Department of Housing and Urban Development
NASA                  National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NRC                   Nuclear Regulatory Commission
NSF                   National Science Foundation
OPM                   Office of Personnel Management
SBA                   Small Business Administration
SES                   Senior Executive Service
SSA                   Social Security Administration
VA                    Department of Veterans Affairs



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Page xiv                                               GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
A
United States General Accounting Office
Washington, D.C. 20548



                                    January 17, 2003                                                                           Leter




                                    The Honorable Danny K. Davis
                                    Ranking Minority Member
                                    Subcommittee on Civil Service, Census
                                      and Agency Organization
                                    Committee on Government Reform
                                    House of Representatives

                                    The Honorable Elijah E. Cummings
                                    House of Representatives

                                    The Honorable Eleanor Holmes Norton
                                    House of Representatives

                                    The Honorable Edolphus Towns
                                    House of Representatives

                                    The federal government’s civilian workforce faces large losses over the
                                    next 5 years, primarily through retirements. We estimated in an earlier
                                    report that, from fiscal years 1999 through 2006, 15 percent of the
                                    workforce would retire. The Senior Executive Service (SES) generally
                                    represents the most experienced, and one of the older in age, segments of
                                    the workforce, and retirements are expected to be even higher for SES
                                    members. This has important implications for government management
                                    and emphasizes the need for good succession planning for this leadership
                                    group. Racial, ethnic, and gender diversity in the SES corps is important
                                    because they are the people who run the government’s programs, and
                                    diversity in the senior leadership is an important component for the
                                    effective operation of the government. Diversity can bring a wider variety
                                    of perspectives and approaches to bear on policy development and
                                    implementation, strategic planning, problem solving, and decision making
                                    and can be an organizational strength that contributes to achieving results.

                                    You asked us to explore the implications for diversity, as defined by race,
                                    ethnicity,1 and gender, of the expected loss of SES members over the next

                                    1
                                      We analyzed five racial and ethnic groups—Native Americans, Asians and Pacific
                                    Islanders, African Americans, Hispanics, and whites. We defined the first four groups as
                                    racial and ethnic minorities because of their relatively small numbers and proportions,
                                    individually or as a group, relative to whites. When we refer to these four groups
                                    collectively, we use the term minorities.




                                    Page 1                                                 GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                   several years. Our objectives were to (1) estimate by race, ethnicity, and
                   gender the number of members of the career SES who will leave
                   government service from October 1, 2000, through September 30, 2007, and
                   what the profile of the SES will be if appointment trends do not change, (2)
                   make the same estimates for the pool from which the vast majority of SES
                   replacements will come (i.e., those in the General Schedule (GS) at grades
                   GS-15 and GS-14), and (3) obtain from the Office of Personnel Management
                   (OPM), the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), and four
                   selected agencies their observations on our estimates and on SES diversity
                   during this time of change.

                   To address the objectives, we developed a model to estimate statistically
                   the number of career SES members by race, ethnicity, and gender who
                   would leave the government, primarily through retirement but including
                   other reasons, such as moving to private sector employment and death.
                   We used actual separation experience from fiscal years 1996 through 2000
                   as the basis for the model. We made estimates for both the executive
                   branch overall and by agency for the 24 Chief Financial Officer (CFO)
                   agencies.2 We then used actual SES appointment data by race, ethnicity,
                   and gender for fiscal years 1995 through 2000 to project what the SES
                   profile would be by October 1, 2007, if appointment trends do not change.
                   We used the same techniques to estimate losses to and replacements for
                   the GS-15 and GS-14 pool of potential SES replacements. We asked OPM
                   and EEOC to comment on our estimates and their implications for diversity
                   in the SES. We also asked OPM and EEOC to provide information on any
                   efforts they had under way or planned to address diversity considering the
                   magnitude of estimated SES losses. In addition, we visited four federal
                   agencies—two with relatively high proportions of women and/or racial and
                   ethnic minorities in the SES and two with relatively low proportions—and
                   sought the same information from them as we had from OPM. Our work
                   was performed from October 2001 through December 2002 in accordance
                   with generally accepted government auditing standards. Details on our
                   methodology in general and our modeling and projection methods in
                   particular are presented in appendix I.



Results in Brief   We estimate that more than half of the career SES members employed on
                   October 1, 2000, will have left service by October 1, 2007, and that using

                   2
                     The CFO agencies are those covered by the Chief Financial Officers Act, 31 U.S.C. §901.
                   Together, the 24 agencies account for about 96 percent of federal employees.




                   Page 2                                                 GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
current SES appointment trends, the only significant changes in diversity
will be an increase in the number of white women and an essentially equal
decrease in white men. The proportions of minority women and men will
remain virtually unchanged in the SES corps. On October 1, 2000, there
were over 6,100 members in the career SES corps with minority men and
women constituting about 14 percent, white women about 19 percent, and
white men about 67 percent. By October 1, 2007, our model predicts that
the government will have lost over 3,300, or about 55 percent, of its SES
corps with the majority of the losses being white males. If agencies replace
SES members with the same mix of appointments by race, ethnicity, and
gender as they did during fiscal years 1995 through 2000, the number of
racial and ethnic minorities will increase only minimally (0.7 percentage
point) by October 1, 2007. Representation of white women will increase by
about 4 percentage points with a 5 percentage point decrease in white men.
Figure 1 illustrates the SES profile for October 2000 and the projected
profile by October 2007.




Page 3                                        GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
Figure 1: Governmentwide Changes in the SES from Fiscal Years 2000 through 2007

                                      2000                    2007 no replacements            2007 with replacements


            From
         2000-2007
        55% of SES
        employees
      governmentwide
                                     67.1%                              62.7%                            62.1%
        will retire or
        leave office
                                   White males                White males (down 4.3%)          White males (down 5.0%)




        55%
                                             19.1%                          23.9%                             23.1%


                                  White females               White females (up 4.8%)          White females (up 4.0%)

         White female
       SES percentage
         will increase
     if current selection                    13.8%                            13.3%                             14.6%
       trends continue.
         However, the
     minority percentage
       will change little.

                             Minority male and female        Minority male and female          Minority male and female
                                                                   (down 0.6%)                         (up 0.7%)

Source: GAO.

                                           Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                           Data File (CPDF) data. Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.


                                           Our estimates for the 24 CFO agencies showed substantial variation in SES
                                           losses across agencies in both the proportion that would be leaving and the
                                           effect on the racial, ethnic, and gender profile, with 10 agencies estimated
                                           to have decreases in the proportion of minorities in their SES corps and 12
                                           estimated to have increases. The precision of our estimates of SES
                                           departures at individual agencies by racial, ethnic, and gender groups is
                                           likely to be less precise than for our overall SES estimates because of the



                                           Page 4                                                      GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
smaller numbers involved. Nevertheless, the agency-specific numbers
should be indicative of what agency profiles will look like on October 1,
2007, if current appointment trends continue.

Our estimates for attrition in the SES successor pool indicate outcomes
similar to those for the SES. We estimate that of the almost 52,000 GS-15s
on board on October 1, 2000, about 24,000 (or about 46 percent) will be
gone by October 1, 2007. Similarly, of the over 83,000 GS-14s, over 28,400
(or 34 percent) will leave. The number of minorities in the residual GS-15
and GS-14 workforce will provide agencies the opportunity to select
minority members for the SES. For example, we estimate that of those on
board on October 1, 2000, over 4,600 of the minority GS-15s will still be in
federal service by October 1, 2007, and promotions to GS-15 and GS-14
could provide some additional minority candidates for the SES. We
estimate that if promotion trends continue, by October 1, 2007, the
proportion of minority GS-15s will increase by about 1.5 percentage points
to 17.3 percent and of minority GS-14s by about 1 percentage point to 18.8
percent.

OPM has recommended a number of steps that departments and agencies
can take to maintain and enhance diversity in their career SES and lower
level workforces. These include recruitment efforts specifically directed at
underrepresented groups, inclusion of diversity in workforce and executive
succession planning, monitoring the numbers of women and minorities in
the existing workforce and among those selected for hiring and promotion,
and holding executives accountable for diversity in the workforces they
manage. The four federal agencies we visited had elements of most or all
of the recommended actions and in fact had many of them for a number of
years. All four agencies recognized that they needed to enhance diversity
in at least some categories and that more efforts than those taken in the
past are needed if diversity is to be increased.

EEOC, OPM, and three of the four agencies visited commented on a draft of
the report. All generally agreed with the report and that there was a need
for additional efforts to ensure diversity in the SES.




Page 5                                        GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
Background   In a 2001 report, we estimated that by the end of fiscal year 2006 about 31
             percent of the 24 CFO agencies’ employees working in 1998, or 493,000
             people, will be eligible to retire, and about half of the eligible employees
             (236,000 people, the equivalent of 15 percent of the 1998 workforce) would
             actually retire.3 We included the SES in our analysis, but did not separately
             analyze or break out data for the SES. In 2000, we reported on SES
             retirement eligibility and pointed out that because individuals normally do
             not enter the SES until well into their careers, SES retirement eligibility is
             much higher than for the workforce in general. 4 Our analysis showed that
             71 percent of the almost 6,000 career SES members employed as of
             October 1, 1998, would reach regular retirement eligibility by the end of
             fiscal year 2005. We concluded that the retirement eligibility trends of the
             SES point to the importance of agencies placing appropriate emphasis and
             attention on SES succession planning because SES retirements will result
             in a loss of leadership continuity, institutional knowledge, and expertise
             among the government’s top career managers. The importance that we
             place on workforce planning, including planning related to employee
             retirement, is illustrated by our designation of strategic human capital
             management as a governmentwide high-risk area that needs urgent
             attention to ensure that the federal government functions economically,
             efficiently, and effectively.5




             3
               U.S. General Accounting Office, Federal Employee Retirements: Expected Increase Over
             the Next 5 Years Illustrates Need for Workforce Planning, GAO-01-509 (Washington, D.C.:
             Apr. 27, 2001).
             4
               U.S. General Accounting Office, Senior Executive Service: Retirement Trends Underscore
             the Importance of Succession Planning, GAO/GGD-00-113BR (Washington, D.C.: May 12,
             2000).
             5
               U.S. General Accounting Office, High-Risk Series: An Update, GAO-01-263 (Washington,
             D.C.: January 2001) and Human Capital: Meeting the Governmentwide High-Risk
             Challenge, GAO-01-357T (Washington, D.C.: Feb. 1, 2001).




             Page 6                                               GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                             The Civil Service Reform Act of 1978 that established the SES states,
                             among other things, that the policy of the federal government is to ensure
                             equal employment opportunity in the workforce. It is generally recognized
                             that a diverse SES corps can be an organizational strength that contributes
                             to achieving results. In fact, we consider diversity so important that we
                             identify it in our model for federal agencies on strategic human capital
                             management as one of the eight critical success factors for strategic
                             management.6 The demographics of the public served by the federal
                             government are changing, and diversity has evolved from public policy to a
                             business need. SES losses over the next several years present both a
                             challenge for the federal government in filling the vacant positions and an
                             opportunity to affect, through selections to the SES, the diversity of the
                             corps.



Government Has               Because of the wave of retirements and normal attrition for other reasons,
                             the federal government will have the challenge and opportunity to replace
Important Opportunity        over half of its SES corps during fiscal years 2001 through 2007. Our
To Affect SES                simulation estimates that almost 3,400 of the 6,100 career SES members as
                             of October 2000 will have left the service by October 2007. While a large
Diversity, but Little Will   portion of the GS-15s and GS-14s who represent the primary pool of
Change If Current            replacements will also have left by October 2007, substantial numbers of
Appointment Trends           minorities and women will be among the potential SES candidates in that
                             pool. However, if current SES appointment trends continue, the proportion
Continue                     of the SES represented by minorities will remain essentially unchanged.

                             Table 1 presents the results by racial, ethnic, and gender groups of our
                             simulation of SES attrition and projection of SES appointments using
                             current trends. The simulation estimates that 56 percent of the SES
                             members who held positions at the start of fiscal year 2001 will leave
                             service during the ensuing 7 years. The table also shows that the
                             racial/ethnic profile of those SES members who will remain in the service
                             throughout the 7-year period will be about the same as it was for all SES
                             members in October 2000. This is because minorities will be leaving at
                             essentially the same rate overall as white members. Thus, any change in
                             minority representation will be the result of new appointments to the SES.
                             However, as the last columns of table 1 show, if current appointment trends


                             6
                               See U.S. General Accounting Office, A Model of Strategic Human Capital Management,
                             GAO-02-373SP (Washington, D.C.: Mar. 15, 2002). Diversity is covered by the critical success
                             factor called “Empowerment and Inclusiveness.”




                             Page 7                                                  GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                           continue, the result of replacing over half of the SES will be a corps whose
                                           racial and ethnic profile is virtually the same as it was before. The outlook
                                           regarding gender diversity is somewhat different because the percentage
                                           represented by white women is estimated to increase by 4 percentage
                                           points and the percentage of minority women minimally by 0.5 percentage
                                           point. The proportion representing minority men is estimated to be
                                           virtually unchanged, only a 0.2 percentage point increase while white men’s
                                           proportion will decrease by 5 percentage points.



Table 1: Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of Career SES Corps, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those Estimated to Remain Employed
on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual
Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                               As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                               Remaining after                  with replacements at
                                                On board on                   estimated attrition              appointment rates for
                                               October 1, 2000                on October 1, 2007               fiscal years 1995-2000
Career SES                                  Number         Percentage         Number          Percentage         Number          Percentage
White men                                       4,097               67.1         1,704                 62.7          3,794              62.1
White women                                     1,164               19.1            648                23.9          1,409              23.1
African-American men                              333                5.5            144                 5.3            347               5.7
African-American women                            179                2.9             85                 3.1            205               3.4
Hispanic men                                      112                1.8             48                 1.8            123               2.0
Hispanic women                                      43               0.7             16                 0.6             43               0.7
Asian/Pacific Islander men                          70               1.1             26                 1.0             65               1.1
Asian/Pacific Islander women                        33               0.5             12                 0.4             39               0.6
Native American men                                 54               0.9             21                 0.8             47               0.8
Native American women                               21               0.3              8                 0.3             21               0.3
Unknown                                             4                0.1              4                 0.1             17               0.4
Total                                           6,110             100.0          2,716               100.0           6,110            100.0
Men                                             4,666               76.4         1,943                 71.5          4,376              71.6
Minority men                                      569                9.3            239                 8.8            582               9.5
Women                                           1,440               23.6            769                28.3          1,717              28.1
Minority women                                    276                4.5            121                 4.5            308               5.0
Source: GAO.

                                           Note: Information obtained from analysis of OPM’s Central Personnel Data File data.
                                           a
                                            Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                           Page 8                                                      GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                           To ascertain what the racial, ethnic, and gender profile of the candidate
                                           pool for SES replacements will look like, we performed the same
                                           simulations and projections for GS-15s and GS-14s as we did for the SES.
                                           Over 80 percent of career SES appointments of federal employees come
                                           from the ranks of GS-15s.7 Similarly, those promoted to GS-15 are GS-14s
                                           over 90 percent of the time. Table 2 presents the results for GS-15s and
                                           table 3 for GS-14s. The results for both are similar to those for the SES, but
                                           a somewhat lower proportion will leave because GS-15s and GS-14s are
                                           generally younger and have somewhat different propensities to leave than
                                           SES members.



Table 2: Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of GS-15s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those Estimated to Remain Employed on October
1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for
Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                         As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                            Remaining after               with replacements at
                                              On board on                  estimated attrition             promotion rates for
                                             October 1, 2000               on October 1, 2007            fiscal years 1995-2000
GS-15                                       Number        Percentage       Number         Percentage       Number         Percentage
White men                                    33,567              64.8        16,731               61.2       31,383               60.6
White women                                  10,062              19.4         5,884               21.5       11,399               22.0
African-American men                          1,711                3.3          981                3.6        2,004                3.9
African-American women                        1,500                2.9          909                3.3        1,799                3.5
Hispanic men                                  1,197                2.3          702                2.6        1,375                2.7
Hispanic women                                  470                0.9          285                1.0          560                1.1
Asian/Pacific Islander men                    2,063                4.0        1,090                4.0        1,872                3.6
Asian/Pacific Islander women                    836                1.6          500                1.8          879                1.7
Native American men                             278                0.5          152                0.6          352                0.7
Native American women                           103                0.2           54                0.2          116                0.2
Unknown                                             39             0.1           39                0.1           88                0.2
        a
Total                                        51,826             100.0        27,327              100.0       51,827             100.0
Men                                          38,816              74.9        19,656               71.9       36,986               71.4
Minority men                                  5,249              10.0         2,925               10.7        5,603               10.8
Women                                        12,971              25.0         7,632               27.9       14,753               28.5



                                           7
                                             A small number of GS-14s are promoted to SES and it is possible for GS-13s to be promoted
                                           to SES, but this is rare. The remaining SES appointments come from people not employed
                                           by the federal government.




                                           Page 9                                                 GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
(Continued From Previous Page)
                                                                                                               As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                               Remaining after                  with replacements at
                                                On board on                   estimated attrition                promotion rates for
                                               October 1, 2000                on October 1, 2007               fiscal years 1995-2000
GS-15                                       Number         Percentage         Number          Percentage         Number          Percentage
Minority women                                  2,909                5.6         1,748                  6.4          3,354               6.5
Source: GAO.

                                           Note: Information obtained from analysis of OPM’s Central Personnel Data File data.
                                           a
                                            Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.


                                           Almost half of the GS-15s (24,499, or 47 percent) and about a third of GS-
                                           14s (28,419, or 34 percent) will have left government service by October
                                           2007 according to our simulation. Minority representation among those
                                           GS-15s who remain will be about the same as it was in fiscal year 2001,
                                           indicating that whites and minorities will leave at about the same rates.
                                           However, the proportion of the remaining GS-14s represented by minorities
                                           will increase somewhat (by 1.5 percentage points) and the proportion of
                                           both grades represented by white and minority women will also increase.
                                           Moreover, if current promotion trends to GS-15 and GS-14 continue,
                                           marginal gains by almost all of the racial and ethnic groups would result.
                                           Our simulation shows that significant numbers of minority GS-15s (4,673)
                                           and GS-14s (10,567) will be employed throughout fiscal years 2000 through
                                           2007, and our projection of promotions also shows substantial numbers of
                                           minorities at the GS-15 (8,957) and GS-14 (15,672) levels. These numbers
                                           indicate that significant numbers of minority candidates for appointment to
                                           the SES should be available.



Table 3: Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of GS-14s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those Estimated to Remain Employed on October
1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for
Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                               As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                               Remaining after                  with replacements at
                                                On board on                   estimated attrition                promotion rates for
                                               October 1, 2000                on October 1, 2007               fiscal years 1995-2000
GS-14                                       Number         Percentage         Number          Percentage         Number          Percentage
White men                                      49,548               59.6        31,297                 57.1        47,799               57.5
White women                                    18,759               22.6        12,828                 23.4        19,559               23.5
African-American men                            3,401                4.1         2,365                  4.3          3,549               4.3
African-American women                          4,067                4.9         2,921                  5.3          4,293               5.2




                                           Page 10                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
(Continued From Previous Page)
                                                                                                     As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                     Remaining after                  with replacements at
                                      On board on                   estimated attrition                promotion rates for
                                     October 1, 2000                on October 1, 2007               fiscal years 1995-2000
GS-14                            Number          Percentage         Number          Percentage         Number          Percentage
Hispanic men                          2,117                2.5         1,551                  2.8          2,374               2.9
Hispanic women                          884                1.1            674                 1.2          1,010               1.2
Asian/Pacific Islander men            2,426                2.9         1,696                  3.1          2,372               2.9
Asian/Pacific Islander women          1,036                1.2            775                 1.4          1,144               1.4
Native American men                     579                0.7            385                 0.7            615               0.7
Native American women                   294                0.4            200                 0.4            315               0.4
Unknown                                  75                0.1             75                 0.1            156               0.2
Totala                               83,186             100.0         54,767               100.0         83,186             100.0
Men                                  58,071               69.8        37,294                 68.1        56,709               68.2
Minority men                          8,523               10.2         5,997                 11.0          8,910              10.7
Women                                25,040               30.1        17,398                 31.8        26,321               31.6
Minority women                        6,281                7.6         4,570                  8.3          6,762               8.1
Source: GAO.

                                 Note: Information obtained from analysis of OPM’s Central Personnel Data File data.
                                 a
                                 Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.


                                 With respect to gender, the percentage of white women at GS-15 is
                                 projected to increase by 2.6 percentage points and at GS-14 by 1.0
                                 percentage point. The proportions of minority women will increase by 0.9
                                 percentage point for GS-15s and 0.6 percentage point for GS-14s while
                                 those for minority men will increase 0.7 percentage point for GS-15s and 0.5
                                 percentage point for GS-14s. White men will represent 4.2 percentage
                                 points less of GS-15s and 2.1 percentage points less of GS-14s.



Picture at 24 CFO                The results of our simulation of SES attrition and our projection of
                                 appointments to the SES over the October 1, 2000, through September 30,
Agencies Varies, but             2007, period show variation across the 24 CFO agencies, as illustrated in
Estimated Diversity              table 4. However, as with the governmentwide numbers discussed in the
                                 previous section, agencies tend to increase the proportion of women in the
Changes Usually Small            SES, particularly white women, and decrease the proportion of white men.
                                 The proportion represented by minorities tended to change relatively little.
                                 The precision of our estimates of SES attrition at individual agencies by
                                 racial, ethnic, and gender groups is likely to be less precise than for our
                                 overall SES estimates because of the smaller numbers involved.




                                 Page 11                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                         Nevertheless, the agency-specific numbers should be indicative of what
                                         agency profiles will look like on October 1, 2007, if current appointment
                                         trends continue.



Table 4: Number of SES, Percentages of Women and Minorities on October 1, 2000, and Percentages of Women and Minorities
on October 1, 2007, Assuming SES Appointment Trends for Fiscal Years 1995-2000 Continue, by CFO Agency

                                                                         Percentage on October 1, 2007, appointments using
                                        Percentage as of                    current trends, and percentage change from
                                        October 1, 2000                                   October 1, 2000
                        Number of
CFO agency                  SES          Women           Minorities         Women             Change         Minorities           Change
Agriculture                   283            25.4               20.1            30.0              +4.6              23.0              +2.8
AID                             25           20.0               20.0            20.8              +0.8               4.2             -15.8
Commerce                      296            23.3               12.5            30.9              +7.6              15.1              +2.6
Defense                      1,144           16.3                6.1            20.7              +4.4               6.1                0.0
Education                       60           28.3               21.7            32.3              +3.9              21.0               -0.7
Energy                        391            18.9               10.7            25.8              +6.9               9.5               -1.3
EPA                           255            29.8               15.3            35.7              +5.9              23.1              +7.8
FEMA                            32           21.9                3.1            28.1              +6.3               3.1                0.0
GSA                             84           28.6               14.3            32.9              +4.4              12.9               -1.3
HHS                           399            36.1               21.3            41.2              +5.1              22.9              +1.6
HUD                             73           28.8               35.6            38.2              +9.4              40.8              +5.2
Interior                      191            31.9               22.0            39.3              +7.3              23.6              +1.6
Justice                       407            22.6               15.2            25.0              +2.4              16.7              +1.4
Labor                         132            28.0               21.2            32.8              +4.8              26.0              +4.7
NASA                          394            19.5               13.2            23.5              +4.0              12.9               -0.3
NRC                           139            13.7               11.5            17.3              +3.8               8.6               -2.9
NSF                             79           30.4               13.9            35.0              +4.6              10.0               -3.9
OPM                             36           41.7               19.4            45.7              +4.0              17.1               -2.3
SBA                             39           33.3               33.3            36.6              +3.3              34.1              +0.8
SSA                           118            35.6               33.1            41.0              +5.4              30.8               -2.3
State                         101            28.7                5.0            30.0              +1.3               3.0               -2.0
Transportation                178            27.0               14.5            29.2              +2.2              17.4              +2.8
Treasury                      537            23.3               12.8            24.3              +1.0              14.2              +1.3
VA                            247            14.6                9.7            21.4              +6.8              11.7              +2.0
Source: GAO.

                                         Note: AID is the Agency for International Development, EPA is the Environmental Protection Agency,
                                         FEMA is the Federal Emergency Management Agency, GSA is the General Services Administration,
                                         HHS is the Department of Health and Human Services, HUD is the Department of Housing and Urban




                                         Page 12                                                    GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
Development, NASA is the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, NRC is the Nuclear
Regulatory Commission, NSF is the National Science Foundation, OPM is the Office of Personnel
Management, SBA is the Small Business Administration, SSA is the Social Security Administration,
and VA is the Department of Veterans Affairs. Information obtained from analysis of OPM’s CPDF
data.


The racial, ethnic, and gender profiles of the career SES at the 24 CFO
agencies varied significantly on October 1, 2000. The representation of
women ranged from 13.7 percent to 36.1 percent with half of the agencies
having 27 percent or fewer women. For minority representation, rates
varied even more and ranged from 3.1 percent to 35.6 percent with half of
the agencies having less than 15 percent minorities in the SES. Detailed
data on each CFO agency in the same format as tables 1, 2, and 3 are
included in appendix II.

Our simulation results also varied for the proportion of SES members who
will leave service by October 1, 2007, but most of the CFO agencies are
estimated to lose at least half of their SES corps. The effect on
representation of minorities and women in the residual SES also varies but
exhibits little change at most agencies for minorities from the October 1,
2000, profile. Only 3 agencies exhibited increases in minority
representation of more than 1 percentage point. Increases for women were
higher once again with only 1 agency having an increase of less than 3
percentage points. Most of the changes for women were accounted for by
white women.

Our projection of what the SES would look like if current appointment
trends continued through October 1, 2007, also showed variation with 12
agencies having increased minority representation and 10 having less.
While projected changes for women are often appreciable, with 16 agencies
having gains of 4 percentage points or more and no decreases, projected
minority representation changes in the SES at most of the CFO agencies
are small, exceeding a 2 percentage point increase at only 6 agencies, with
10 agencies having decreases.

The diversity picture for GS-15s and GS-14s is somewhat better than that
for the SES at most agencies. The main differences from the SES are that a
smaller proportion of the GS-15 and GS-14 population is estimated to leave
government service and projected representation of minorities tends to be
somewhat greater for those grades compared to the SES. Even after
considering estimated attrition, agencies tend to have substantial numbers
of minorities and women in the SES replacement pool and projected
promotions to GS-15 and GS-14 increase those numbers. As mentioned
above, appendix II presents detailed information on GS-15s and GS-14s at



Page 13                                                    GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                          the CFO agencies. Again, our estimates for the GS-15 and GS-14
                          populations at individual agencies are likely to be less precise than our
                          governmentwide figures because of the smaller numbers involved but
                          should be indicative of what agency profiles will look like in October 2007.



OPM and the Federal       OPM has recently reaffirmed its commitment to diversity in the career SES,
                          and has provided guidance to federal departments and agencies on
Agencies Said That        maintaining and increasing workforce diversity. The four federal agencies
Further Action Is         we visited had implemented, or were in the process of implementing, many
                          if not all of the steps recommended by OPM in its guidance. OPM, EEOC,
Needed to Promote         and the four federal agencies we visited all said that our analysis was an
SES Diversity             accurate reflection of the likely future composition of the career SES if
                          current patterns of selection and attrition continue. They all said that more
                          diversity was needed in the SES and that based on our estimates more
                          efforts would need to be taken if diversity is to increase.



OPM Guidance and Agency   In an April 2002 memorandum to federal departments and agencies, the
Response                  Director of OPM reaffirmed OPM’s commitment to diversity in the SES.
                          About 2 years before, in June 2000, OPM provided comprehensive guidance
                          to federal departments and agencies for building and maintaining a diverse
                          workforce.8 OPM recommended the following:

                          • incorporate diversity program activities and objectives into agency
                            workforce planning and executive succession planning;

                          • incorporate diversity into recruitment planning and activities, and use
                            tools and techniques that are more likely to discover and attract a more
                            diverse field of candidates (i.e., visits to majority-minority campuses,
                            partnerships with minority organizations, and advertisement in specialty
                            media);

                          • continually monitor the agency workforce profile, and the numbers of
                            women and minorities participating in agency development programs;
                            and


                          8
                            Office of Personnel Management, Building and Maintaining a Diverse, High-Quality
                          Workforce: A Guide for Federal Agencies, OPM Publication ES-DO-05 (Washington, D.C.:
                          June 2000).




                          Page 14                                             GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                             • build accountability for hiring, retaining, and developing a diverse, high-
                               quality workforce into the performance management system for
                               managers and supervisors.

                             We visited the departments of Energy, the Interior, and Veterans Affairs
                             (VA) and the Social Security Administration (SSA), each of which has had
                             efforts in these OPM-recommended areas under way, often for a number of
                             years. According to agency officials, three of the four agencies have
                             diversity goals for their career SES. Officials at all four agencies told us
                             that they have in place, or are putting in place, agencywide human capital
                             planning and executive succession management, which includes diversity
                             as an element in planning. All four agencies have programs for entry-level
                             minority recruiting and for leadership development, which they believe will
                             lead to an increased minority presence in leadership and executive ranks
                             sometime in the future. Officials at all four agencies said that building a
                             diverse workforce was an element in their current performance evaluation
                             for agency executives. All four agencies either have in place or are putting
                             in place human capital information systems that will be able to generate,
                             periodically or on request, reports to management officials on the diversity
                             of the current workforce at any level, and on the ethnic and gender
                             composition of recent agency hires. (See app. III for details on the
                             responses of OPM and the four agencies concerning workforce diversity in
                             general and SES diversity in particular.)



Response to GAO’s Analysis   OPM officials, after reviewing our analysis of present SES diversity and
                             projections of future SES composition, said that women and minorities
                             continued to be underrepresented in the federal executive corps. They said
                             that it would be unsatisfactory if the racial, ethnic, and gender composition
                             of the career SES in 2007 were as we projected. EEOC expressed concern
                             about the trends suggested by our analyses to the extent that they may
                             point to the presence of arbitrary barriers that limit qualified members of
                             any group from advancing into the SES.

                             Energy, Interior, VA, and SSA said that our analysis of their current and
                             future career SES diversity was reasonable. All of the agencies agreed that
                             improvements needed to be made in their current SES diversity. All of
                             them also said that the composition of the career SES that we projected if
                             present selection trends continued would not be acceptable. Moreover, all
                             four agreed that they would need to undertake additional efforts beyond
                             those currently used if diversity is, in fact, to be enhanced.




                             Page 15                                       GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
Agency Comments   We asked OPM, EEOC, and the four agencies we visited for comments on a
                  draft of this report. The Director of OPM’s comments are reprinted in
                  appendix IV. Also, the comments of EEOC’s Acting Director of
                  Communications and Legislative Affairs are reprinted in appendix V, those
                  from the Commissioner of SSA in appendix VI, those from the Secretary of
                  Veterans Affairs in appendix VII, and those from the Director, Office of
                  Management, Budget and Evaluation, Department of Energy, are in
                  appendix VIII. The Department of the Interior said that it had no comments
                  on the draft report.

                  OPM said that it concurs with our findings and welcomes the attention this
                  report will bring to a critical opportunity facing the federal workforce and
                  federal hiring officials. The Director said that increasing diversity in the
                  executive ranks continues to be a top priority for OPM and that the agency
                  has been proactive in its efforts to help federal agencies obtain and retain a
                  diverse workforce, particularly in the senior ranks. She also said that talk
                  is not enough, only results matter and that OPM itself in the past year has
                  expanded its efforts to attract senior managers from government and the
                  private sector and changed its SES performance standards to reflect a
                  priority recruitment of qualified minorities. The comments cited several
                  efforts OPM had under way to promote diversity, such as leading the
                  Interagency Task Force on Hispanic Employment and reaching out to the
                  next generation of public servants—college and university
                  undergraduates—as they begin to choose career paths by such actions as
                  hosting a reception in January 2003 for students from Historically Black
                  Colleges and Universities to introduce them to and explain the hiring
                  process for the federal government.

                  EEOC said that the projected large losses in the SES ranks present the
                  government with both a challenge and an opportunity to further strengthen
                  the SES through employment practices that will ensure that the SES corps
                  is staffed with the best and brightest talent available regardless of race,
                  ethnicity, gender, or disability. EEOC went on to say that in the years
                  ahead, federal agencies will need to continue their vigilance in ensuring a
                  level playing field for all federal workers and should explore proactive
                  strategies, such as succession planning, SES development, and mentoring
                  programs for midlevel employees, to ensure a diverse group of highly
                  qualified candidates for SES positions. EEOC listed a number of initiatives
                  it said it had begun recently to help agencies identify and remove barriers
                  to free and open competition in the federal workplace. However, most of
                  these initiatives were related to the equal employment opportunity (EEO)



                  Page 16                                        GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
compliant process and EEO data reporting and only tangentially to SES
diversity.

SSA said that it agrees with the reports findings and conclusions, including
the value of all the OPM recommended actions we cite in the report. SSA
said that it has been implementing such actions since late 1998. SSA also
commented that it agrees with all of the information we present about
SSA’s efforts to increase SES diversity.

Energy said that more needs to be done to enhance SES diversity,
particularly in light of the retirement and other losses anticipated over the
next 5 years. Energy said that the attrition has important implications for
government management and emphasizes the need for good succession
planning as well as racial, ethnic, and gender diversity in the SES corps.
Energy reiterated the efforts it has under way, discussed earlier in this
report and in appendix III, to enhance SES diversity in the future and said
that it is committed to enhancing diversity.

VA commented that it generally agreed with our observations. VA said that
it is undertaking efforts to increase diversity within its SES ranks.

EEOC, Energy, and VA also made technical comments, which we
incorporated where appropriate.


Unless you announce its contents earlier, we will make no further
distribution of this report until 30 days after its date. At that time, we will
send copies to the Director of OPM, the Chair of EEOC, the heads of the 24
CFO agencies covered by the report, and other interested committees and
members of Congress. We will also make copies available to others on
request. In addition, the report will be available at no charge on the GAO
Web site at http://www.gao.gov. If you have questions, please call me on
(202) 512-6806 or contact Thomas G. Dowdal, Assistant Director, on (202)




Page 17                                         GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
512-6588 or at dowdalt@gao.gov. Major contributors to this report are
listed in appendix IX.




Victor S. Rezendes
Managing Director, Strategic Issues




Page 18                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
Appendix I

Objectives, Scope, and Methodology                                                                                  AA
                                                                                                                     ppp
                                                                                                                       ep
                                                                                                                        ned
                                                                                                                          n
                                                                                                                          x
                                                                                                                          id
                                                                                                                           e
                                                                                                                           x
                                                                                                                           Iis




                         Our objectives were to (1) identify the effect of estimated employment
                         separations on the racial, ethnic, and gender diversity among the career
                         Senior Executive Service (SES), GS-15s, and GS-14s in the 24 Chief
                         Financial Officer (CFO) agencies and governmentwide, (2) determine the
                         effect of estimated appointments to refill these vacancies on diversity, and
                         (3) obtain from the Office of Personnel Management (OPM), the Equal
                         Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), and four selected agencies
                         their observations on our estimates and on SES diversity during this time of
                         change.9



Analysis of Separation   To determine the effect of estimated employment separations and
                         appointments to fill these vacancies on racial, ethnic, and gender diversity,
Trends                   we analyzed personnel data from OPM’s Central Personnel Data File
                         (CPDF) to determine past trends and used statistical simulation to estimate
                         future trends.10 We analyzed separation data for fiscal years 1996 through
                         fiscal year 2000 (the most recent data available at the time we started our
                         analyses) for each of the three grade levels.11 We included voluntary
                         retirements, other retirements, resignations, death, and terminations for
                         poor performance or conduct in separations.12




                         9
                          We included GS-15, GS-14, and equivalent employees. GS-equivalent employees are those
                         in equivalent grades under other pay plans that follow the GS grade structure and job
                         evaluation methodology or are equivalent by statute.
                         10
                           We did not independently verify the CPDF data for the years we reviewed. However, in a
                         1998 report (OPM’s Central Personnel Data File: Data Appear Sufficiently Reliable to Meet
                         Most Customer Needs, GAO/GGD-98-199, Sept. 30, 1998), we reported that governmentwide
                         data from the CPDF for key variables in this study—gender, race, ethnicity, grade, pay plan,
                         career status, agency, and personnel action—were 97 percent or more accurate.
                         11
                           We included only career employees in the executive branch of the federal government,
                         excluding the intelligence agencies and the Postal Service, because these agencies do not
                         submit data to OPM’s CPDF. Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) employees are not
                         included in Department of Justice numbers because the FBI does not report separation and
                         appointment data to OPM’s CPDF.
                         12
                           In analyzing separations, we did not include promotions to a higher grade, demotions to a
                         lower grade, or transfers from one agency to another agency.




                         Page 19                                                 GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                        Appendix I
                        Objectives, Scope, and Methodology




                        For separations, we calculated each employee’s years of service by finding
                        the difference between the service computation date (we used the 15th of
                        each month as the day) and the date of actual separation. Similarly, we
                        calculated age at separation by finding the difference between the date of
                        birth (we used the 15th of each month as the day) and the date of
                        separation.13 We calculated the age and years of service for employees at
                        the end of the fiscal year similarly but used September 30 as the end date.

                        For each 2-year interval in the years of service and age of those who
                        separated from service during the period 1996 through 2000, we calculated
                        the probability of leaving by dividing the number of workers that separated
                        by the number of employees in the workforce with a similar combination of
                        years of service and age who were on board at the end of the fiscal year
                        preceding the fiscal year of separations. We put all staff members who
                        were 67 years and older into a single group. We similarly grouped all
                        employees with 32 or more years of service. Using regression, we then
                        modeled the rate of separation as a function of years of service, age, agency
                        type (civilian or defense), race (white or nonwhite), and gender.14 We
                        developed an equation that estimates the rate of separation for any age,
                        years of service, as well as agency type, race, and gender combination.15



Estimation              We applied a statistical simulation technique to each of the 83,153 GS-14,
                        51,826 GS-15 and 6,110 SES workforce members on board as of September
Methodology of Future   30, 2000 (the end of fiscal year 2000). Each employee’s age and years of
SES Separations         service as well as race, ethnicity, gender, and agency type were used as
                        input into the simulation.16 Based on the simulation results, an employee
                        was considered to have “separated” if the predicted rate of separation


                        13
                             CPDF does not contain the day in the service computation date or the birth date.
                        14
                          Because we did the analyses by agency and because many agencies had very small
                        numbers of SES in some of the racial, ethnic, and gender EEO groups, we did not enter each
                        group into the regression analyses but instead used two groups: whites and minorities.
                        Entering groups with small numbers into the analyses would have lessened the reliability of
                        the estimates.
                        15
                          For the SES, we did not base the equation on race, ethnicity, gender, or agency type
                        because these were not significant predictors of separation.
                        16
                          Employees whose gender, race, or ethnicity was missing (called “unknown” in this report)
                        were not included in the regression analyses or simulation. They were included in the
                        appointment analyses and final totals.




                        Page 20                                                   GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                     Appendix I
                     Objectives, Scope, and Methodology




                     (from zero to 1.0) was greater than a simulation-generated random number
                     from zero to 1. If the predicted value was less than a generated random
                     number then the individual employee was deemed not to have separated.
                     This process was repeated for each employee. The process was then
                     continued for those employees who were not estimated as having
                     separated in fiscal year 2001, but with each employee now being 1 year
                     older and having 1 more year of service. As before, the employee’s new age
                     and new years of service were used as input into the model and a predicted
                     rate of separation was contrasted with a new generated random number to
                     determine whether the employee was considered as separated in fiscal year
                     2002. A separation decision was made for each of the remaining
                     employees, and each employee was either counted as having separated in
                     fiscal year 2002 or 1 year was again added to both age and years of service.
                     This process was repeated seven times for each year from fiscal years 2001
                     through 2007. The total number of separations by grade level, agency type,
                     race, ethnicity, and gender was calculated across all 7 years.

                     To determine how many employees remained after the separations, we
                     subtracted the number separated for each combination of grade level, race,
                     ethnicity, and gender from the total number of staff in the agency at that
                     grade level. To determine what percentage of this remaining workforce
                     was in each of the race, ethnicity, and gender groups, we divided the
                     number remaining for each race, ethnicity, and gender by the total number
                     of staff remaining at each agency.



Analysis of          To estimate the race and gender profile of expected appointments in fiscal
                     years 2001 through 2007, we analyzed by agency career appointment trends
Appointment Trends   for the SES, GS-15, and GS-14 grade levels by race and gender for fiscal
                     years 1995 through 2000. We included conversions, appointments (new
                     hires), and promotions into each grade level. We combined the data for
                     each fiscal year into a single 6-year total for each grade level. We
                     determined what percentage each equal employment opportunity (EEO)
                     group (race and ethnicity by gender; for example, African-American
                     females) constituted of these past accessions for each level. We assumed
                     that the number of separations estimated for fiscal years 2001 through 2007
                     would all be refilled through accessions. Therefore, the number of
                     estimated accessions equaled the number of estimated separations.

                     To estimate how many accessions would occur for each EEO group during
                     fiscal years 2001 through fiscal year 2007, we multiplied an agency’s
                     predicted total separations times an EEO group’s percentage of an agency’s



                     Page 21                                       GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                           Appendix I
                                           Objectives, Scope, and Methodology




                                           past accessions. For example, if the Department of Commerce was
                                           expected to have 100 separations for a particular grade level and African-
                                           American males were 6 percent of Commerce’s past accessions at that
                                           grade level, then we estimated that Commerce’s accessions to fill these 100
                                           vacancies would include six African-American males (100 separations
                                           times 0.06). These calculations were done for the period from fiscal years
                                           2001 through 2007 as a whole, not year by year.

                                           To assess the effect that accessions to refill the positions vacated by
                                           separations had on the EEO profile, we added these expected career
                                           accessions to the career staff members we expected to remain after
                                           separations in each agency at each grade level at the end of fiscal year 2007.
                                           We then calculated the percentage for each racial and ethnic group by
                                           gender in each grade level within each agency. These calculations were
                                           done for each of the 100 iterations of separation predictions for each race,
                                           ethnicity, gender, agency, and grade level. Because these replacement
                                           calculations were done for each of the 100 iterations, we determined
                                           confidence intervals around all estimates reported. In general, confidence
                                           intervals for EEO groups for specific agencies are likely to be less precise
                                           than the governmentwide ones.



Table 5: Confidence Intervals: Estimated Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of Career SES Corps on October 1, 2007, after Attrition

                                                  Remaining after estimated attrition          95 percent confidence
                                                         on October 1, 2007                   intervals (plus or minus)
Career SES                                               Number                 Percentage      Number              Percentage
White men                                                   1,704                     62.7          51.8                   1.23
White women                                                   648                     23.9          32.1                   1.04
African-American men                                          144                       5.3         14.4                   0.57
African-American women                                         85                       3.1         11.2                   0.45
Hispanic men                                                   48                       1.8          8.1                   0.35
Hispanic women                                                 16                       0.6          5.4                   0.41
Asian/Pacific Islander men                                     26                       1.0          6.6                   0.29
Asian/Pacific Islander women                                   12                       0.4          3.9                   0.38
Native American men                                            21                       0.8          5.3                   0.48
Native American women                                           8                       0.3          3.7                   0.88
Unknown                                                         4                       0.1         N/SE                  N/SE
Totala                                                      2,716                    100.0          63.3b                  0.60c
Men                                                         1,943                     71.5          55.5                   1.16




                                           Page 22                                            GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                          Appendix I
                                          Objectives, Scope, and Methodology




(Continued From Previous Page)
                                                  Remaining after estimated attrition                     95 percent confidence
                                                         on October 1, 2007                              intervals (plus or minus)
Career SES                                                 Number                  Percentage               Number                Percentage
Minority men                                                     239                         8.8                 18.7                      0.90
Women                                                            769                        28.3                 35.8                      1.16
Minority women                                                   121                         4.5                 14.1                      1.19
Source: GAO.

                                          Legend: N/SE = Not statistically estimated, no basis for confidence intervals.
                                          Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                          Data File (CPDF) data.
                                          a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.
                                          b
                                           This number is the confidence interval around the total number of employees remaining after
                                          estimated attrition. It is not the sum of the numbers in this column.
                                          c
                                            This percentage is the confidence interval around the total percentage of employees remaining after
                                          estimated attrition. It is not the sum of the percentages in this column.




Table 6: Confidence Intervals: Projected Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of Career SES Corps on October 1, 2007, if Those
Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                      As of October 1, 2007, with
                                                replacements at appointment rates for                95 percent confidence intervals
                                                        fiscal years 1995-2000                               (plus or minus)
Career SES                                                 Number                  Percentage               Number                Percentage
White men                                                     3,794                         62.1                 28.9                      0.47
White women                                                   1,409                         23.1                 30.9                      0.48
African-American men                                             347                          5.7                13.6                      0.32
African-American women                                           205                          3.4                14.0                      0.27
Hispanic men                                                     123                          2.0                10.3                      0.20
Hispanic women                                                    43                          0.7                  8.1                     0.26
Asian/Pacific Islander men                                        65                          1.1                  8.5                     0.17
Asian/Pacific Islander women                                      39                          0.6                  8.9                     0.27
Native American men                                               47                          0.8                  6.1                     0.29
Native American women                                             21                          0.3                  4.1                     0.73
Unknown                                                           17                          0.4               N/SE                      N/SE
Totala                                                        6,110                        100.0                  N/A                       N/A
Men                                                           4,376                         71.6                 30.5                      0.50
Minority men                                                     582                          9.5                20.3                      0.63
Women                                                         1,717                         28.1                 39.1                      0.64
Minority women                                                   308                          5.0                19.3                      0.90
Source: GAO.




                                          Page 23                                                        GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                           Appendix I
                                           Objectives, Scope, and Methodology




                                           Legend: N/SE = Not statistically estimated, no basis for confidence intervals; N/A = Because we
                                           assumed that all separations would be replaced, these totals are not statistical estimates.
                                           Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                           Data File (CPDF) data.
                                           a
                                            Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




Table 7: Confidence Intervals: Estimated Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of GS-15s on October 1, 2007, after Attrition

                                                     Remaining afterestimated attrition               95 percent confidence intervals
                                                           on October 1, 2007                                 (plus or minus)
GS-15                                                       Number                  Percentage               Number                Percentage
White men                                                     16,731                         61.2               170.4                        0.36
White women                                                     5,884                        21.5                 88.6                       0.29
African-American men                                              981                         3.6                 35.8                       0.13
African-American women                                            909                         3.3                 31.0                       0.11
Hispanic men                                                      702                         2.6                 27.4                       0.10
Hispanic women                                                    285                         1.0                 18.4                       0.09
Asian/Pacific Islander men                                      1,090                         4.0                 36.8                       0.14
Asian/Pacific Islander women                                      500                         1.8                 25.4                       0.10
Native American men                                               152                         0.6                 16.4                       0.06
Native American women                                              54                         0.2                  7.7                       0.09
Unknown                                                            39                         0.1                N/SE                        N/SE
Totala                                                        27,327                       100.0               214.4b                        0.20c
Men                                                           19,656                         71.9               183.5                        0.33
Minority men                                                    2,925                        10.7                 66.4                       0.29
Women                                                           7,632                        27.9               104.3                        0.33
Minority women                                                  1,748                         6.4                 47.1                       0.42
Source: GAO.

                                           Legend: N/SE = Not statistically estimated, no basis for confidence intervals.
                                           Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                           Data File (CPDF) data.
                                           a
                                            Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.
                                           b
                                            This number is the confidence interval around the total number of employees remaining after
                                           estimated attrition. It is not the sum of the numbers in this column.
                                           c
                                             This percentage is the confidence interval around the total percentage of employees remaining after
                                           estimated attrition. It is not the sum of the percentages in this column.




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                                           Appendix I
                                           Objectives, Scope, and Methodology




Table 8: Confidence Intervals: Projected Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of GS-15s on October 1, 2007, if Those Departing Are
Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                      As of October 1, 2007, with
                                                replacements at appointment rates for                95 percent confidence intervals
                                                        fiscal years 1995-2000                               (plus or minus)
GS-15                                                       Number                 Percentage              Number                 Percentage
White men                                                    31,383                         60.6                95.0                         0.18
White women                                                  11,399                         22.0                78.8                         0.15
African-American men                                           2,004                         3.9                35.1                         0.07
African-American women                                         1,799                         3.5                31.1                         0.06
Hispanic men                                                   1,375                         2.7                27.6                         0.06
Hispanic women                                                   560                         1.1                20.3                         0.07
Asian/Pacific Islander men                                     1,872                         3.6                35.5                         0.09
Asian/Pacific Islander women                                     879                         1.7                26.1                         0.06
Native American men                                              352                         0.7                18.7                         0.04
Native American women                                            116                         0.2                11.2                         0.09
Unknown                                                           88                         0.2               N/SE                          N/SE
Totala                                                       51,827                       100.0                  N/A                          N/A
Men                                                          36,986                         71.4                89.8                         0.17
Minority men                                                   5,603                        10.8                62.9                         0.21
Women                                                        14,753                         28.5                91.8                         0.18
Minority women                                                 3,354                         6.5                48.0                         0.39
Source: GAO.

                                           Legend: N/SE = Not statistically estimated, no basis for confidence intervals; N/A = Because we
                                           assumed that all separations would be replaced, these totals are not statistical estimates.
                                           Note: Information from the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel Data File
                                           (CPDF) data.
                                           a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




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                                           Appendix I
                                           Objectives, Scope, and Methodology




Table 9: Confidence Intervals: Estimated Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of GS-14s on October 1, 2007, after Attrition

                                                   Remaining after estimated attrition                95 percent confidence intervals
                                                          on October 1, 2007                                  (plus or minus)
GS-14                                                       Number                  Percentage               Number                Percentage
White men                                                     31,297                         57.1               160.2                       0.21
White women                                                   12,828                         23.4               112.0                       0.19
African-American men                                            2,365                         4.3                 44.9                      0.08
African-American women                                          2,921                         5.3                 53.5                      0.09
Hispanic men                                                    1,551                         2.8                 36.4                      0.07
Hispanic women                                                    674                         1.2                 24.3                      0.05
Asian/Pacific Islander men                                      1,696                         3.1                 35.3                      0.06
Asian/Pacific Islander women                                      775                         1.4                 26.8                      0.04
Native American men                                               385                         0.7                 24.9                      0.05
Native American women                                             200                         0.4                 16.3                      0.05
Unknown                                                            75                         0.1                N/SE                      N/SE
Totala                                                        54,767                       100.0               199.6b                      0.10c
Men                                                           37,294                         68.1               175.9                       0.20
Minority men                                                    5,997                        11.0                 70.8                      0.18
Women                                                         17,398                         31.8               122.3                       0.20
Minority women                                                  4,570                         8.3                 62.7                      0.25
Source: GAO.

                                           Legend: N/SE = Not statistically estimated, no basis for confidence intervals.
                                           Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                           Data File (CPDF) data.
                                           a
                                            Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.
                                           b
                                            This number is the confidence interval around the total number of employees remaining after
                                           estimated attrition. It is not the sum of the numbers in this column.
                                           c
                                             This percentage is the confidence interval around the total percentage of employees remaining after
                                           estimated attrition. It is not the sum of the percentages in this column.




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                                          Appendix I
                                          Objectives, Scope, and Methodology




Table 10: Confidence Intervals: Projected Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of GS-14s on October 1, 2007, if Those Departing Are
Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                      As of October 1, 2007, with
                                                 replacements at promotion rates for               95 percent confidence intervals
                                                        fiscal years 1995-2000                             (plus or minus)
GS-14                                                     Number                  Percentage              Number                 Percentage
White men                                                   47,799                         57.5               113.2                         0.14
White women                                                 19,559                         23.5               101.3                         0.12
African-American men                                          3,549                         4.3                43.0                         0.05
African-American women                                        4,293                         5.2                51.8                         0.06
Hispanic men                                                  2,374                         2.9                36.5                         0.04
Hispanic women                                                1,010                         1.2                25.7                         0.03
Asian/Pacific Islander men                                    2,372                         2.9                34.6                         0.04
Asian/Pacific islander women                                  1,144                         1.4                29.9                         0.03
Native American men                                             615                         0.7                26.8                         0.04
Native American women                                           315                         0.4                19.5                         0.04
Unknown                                                         156                         0.2               N/SE                          N/SE
Totala                                                      83,186                       100.0                  N/A                          N/A
Men                                                         56,709                         68.2               108.5                         0.13
Minority men                                                  8,910                        10.7                66.5                         0.14
Women                                                       26,321                         31.6               110.0                         0.13
Minority women                                                6,762                         8.1                66.4                         0.23
Source: GAO.

                                          Legend: N/SE = Not statistically estimated, no basis for confidence intervals; N/A = Because we
                                          assumed that all separations would be replaced, these totals are not statistical estimates.
                                          Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                          Data File (CPDF) data.
                                          a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




Limitations                               We used regression analysis to develop a statistical model using five
                                          variables: (1) age at the end of each year for fiscal years 2001 through 2007,
                                          (2) years of service at the end of each year for fiscal years 2001 through
                                          2007, (3) race and ethnicity, (4) gender, and (5) whether employed by a
                                          Defense agency or a non-Defense agency that most closely fits actual rates
                                          of separation over fiscal years 1996 through 2000. The objective in
                                          developing the statistical model was to minimize the squared differences
                                          between the actual rates of separation and the predicted rates of
                                          separation. An index, which is known as the squared correlation



                                          Page 27                                                      GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
Appendix I
Objectives, Scope, and Methodology




coefficient and is bounded between zero and one, is one useful numerical
quantity to assess the strength or predictive power of the mathematical
model. A perfect fit in a model would yield a squared correlation
coefficient of 1.00. In our mathematical model, we achieved squared
correlation coefficients of 0.73 for the SES and 0.75 for both the GS-14s and
GS-15s. Thus, we were able to capture and predict three-fourths of the
variability in the rates of separation for the 5 years of separation data.
Therefore, one limitation is that our model does not predict with 100
percent accuracy the actual rates of separation, although it is uncommon in
real world applications to find such a high squared correlation as our model
achieved when dealing with behavioral data such as separating from
federal government employment.

The accuracy of our projections are also limited by the assumptions we
made. Because the model is based on past trends, the estimates of future
separations and appointments assume that factors affecting past trends
will continue into the future. If one or more assumptions are incorrect,
then the projections would change. The model does not account for
possible changes in the future such as substantial pay increases, major
changes in personnel policies, substantial changes in the number of
employees, or large government reorganizations, such as creation of the
Department of Homeland Security. For example, our past work has shown
that a major increase in SES pay reduces the rate of retirements (and thus
separations) in the first 3 years after the pay hike, followed by an increase
in subsequent years.17

Many nonwork factors can influence an employee’s decision to separate
from the government. Factors such as an individual’s health or children’s
age/college status may affect the decision of when to separate. Data for
these other factors were not available to be included in the statistical
model. Other nonwork factors, such as future stock market performance,
were not included.

Because we did not include transfers from one agency to another as
separations, the estimated separations for individual agencies are probably
not as precise as separations governmentwide. Similarly, because we did
not include promotions from GS-14 to GS-15 or appointments to the SES


17
  See U.S. General Accounting Office, Senior Executive Service: Retirement Trends
Underscore the Importance of Succession Planning, GAO/GGD-00-113BR (Washington,
D.C.: May 12, 2000).




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Appendix I
Objectives, Scope, and Methodology




from GS-14 or GS-15, separations for GS-14s and GS-15s are probably
underestimated.

We asked OPM and EEOC to comment on our estimates and their
implications for diversity in the SES. We also asked OPM and EEOC to
provide information on any efforts they had planned or under way to
address diversity, considering the magnitude of estimated SES losses. In
addition, we visited four federal agencies—two with relatively high
proportions of women and/or racial and ethnic minorities in the SES and
two with relatively low proportions—and sought the same information
from them as we had from OPM. Our work was performed from October
2001 through September 2002 in accordance with generally accepted
government auditing standards.




Page 29                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
Appendix II

Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies                                                                                                       Appendx
                                                                                                                                                   Ii




Table 11: Department of Agriculture—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of Career SES Corps, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those
Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those
Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                           Remaining after                  As of October 1, 2007, with
                                          On board on                     estimated attrition              replacements at appointment
                                         October 1, 2000                  on October 1, 2007              rates for fiscal years 1995-2000
Career SES                               Number        Percentage          Number         Percentage              Number         Percentage
White men                                      168              59.4              62               55.4                150               53.0
White women                                     58              20.5              27               24.1                 68               24.0
African-American men                            28               9.9              11                9.8                 30               10.6
African-American women                          11               3.9               6                5.4                 15                 5.3
Hispanic men                                     8               2.8               3                2.7                   9                3.2
Hispanic women                                   2               0.7               1                0.9                   2                0.7
Asian/Pacific Islander men                       5               1.8               2                1.8                   7                2.5
Asian/Pacific Islander women                     0               0.0               0                0.0                   0                0.0
Native American men                              2               0.7               0                0.0                   2                0.7
Native American women                            1               0.4               0                0.0                   0                0.0
Unknown                                          0               0.0               0                0.0                   0                0.0
Totala                                         283             100.0            112              100.0                 283              100.0
Minorities                                      57              20.1              23               20.5                 65               23.0
Men                                            211              74.6              78               69.6                198               70.0
Minority men                                    43              15.2              16               14.3                 48               17.0
Women                                           72              25.4              34               30.4                 85               30.0
Minority women                                  14               4.9               7                6.3                 17                 6.0
Source: GAO.

                                           Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                           Data File (CPDF) data.
                                           a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                           Page 30                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                           Appendix II
                                           Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                           and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 12: Department of Agriculture—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of GS-15s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those Estimated to
Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those Departing Are
Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                             As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                           Remaining after                    with replacements at
                                          On board on                     estimated attrition                  promotion rates for
                                         October 1, 2000                  on October 1, 2007                 fiscal years 1995-2000
GS-15                                   Number         Percentage          Number          Percentage             Number         Percentage
White men                                  1,302                72.0            565                66.2              1,191               65.8
White women                                    283              15.6            167                19.6                350               19.3
African-American men                           72                4.0              39                 4.6                81                 4.5
African-American women                         53                2.9              30                 3.5                71                 3.9
Hispanic men                                   37                2.0              21                 2.5                43                 2.4
Hispanic women                                  3                0.2               1                 0.1                  3                0.2
Asian/Pacific Islander men                     41                2.3              20                 2.3                46                 2.5
Asian/Pacific Islander women                    7                0.4               4                 0.5                  9                0.5
Native American men                             8                0.4               5                 0.6                11                 0.6
Native American women                           2                0.1               1                 0.1                  3                0.2
Unknown                                         1                0.1               1                 0.1                  2                0.1
        a
Total                                      1,809              100.0             854               100.0              1,810              100.0
Minorities                                     223              12.3            121                14.2                 267              14.8
Men                                        1,460                80.7            650                76.1              1,372               75.8
Minority men                                   158               8.7              85               10.0                 181              10.0
Women                                          348              19.2            203                23.8                 436              24.1
Minority women                                 65                3.6              36                 4.2                 86                4.8
Source: GAO.

                                           Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                           Data File (CPDF) data.
                                           a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                           Page 31                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                           Appendix II
                                           Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                           and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 13: Department of Agriculture—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of GS-14s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those Estimated to
Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those Departing Are
Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                             As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                            Remaining after                   with replacements at
                                           On board on                     estimated attrition                 promotion rates for
                                          October 1, 2000                  on October 1, 2007                fiscal years 1995-2000
GS-14                                    Number         Percentage         Number          Percentage            Number          Percentage
White men                                      2,188            63.6           1,336               60.4             2,051                59.6
White women                                     695             20.2             488               22.1               763                22.2
African-American men                            122               3.5             79                 3.6              134                  3.9
African-American women                          153               4.4            112                 5.1              178                  5.2
Hispanic men                                     82               2.4             59                 2.7                98                 2.8
Hispanic women                                   22               0.6             17                 0.8                27                 0.8
Asian/Pacific Islander men                       95               2.8             62                 2.8                95                 2.8
Asian/Pacific Islander women                     35               1.0             27                 1.2                42                 1.2
Native American men                              32               0.9             20                 0.9                33                 1.0
Native American women                             8               0.2              6                 0.3                 9                 0.3
Unknown                                           7               0.2              7                 0.3                10                 0.3
        a
Total                                          3,439           100.0           2,213              100.0             3,440               100.0
Minorities                                      549             16.0             382               17.3               616                17.9
Men                                            2,519            73.2           1,556               70.3             2,411                70.1
Minority men                                    331               9.6            220                 9.9              360                10.5
Women                                           913             26.5             650               29.4             1,019                29.6
Minority women                                  218               6.3            162                 7.3              256                  7.4
Source: GAO.

                                           Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                           Data File (CPDF) data.
                                           a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                           Page 32                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                          Appendix II
                                          Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                          and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 14: Agency for International Development—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of Career SES Corps, Actual as of October 1,
2000; Those Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1,
2007, if Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                            As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                          Remaining after                    with replacements at
                                          On board on                    estimated attrition                appointment rates for
                                         October 1, 2000                 on October 1, 2007                 fiscal years 1995-2000
Career SES                              Number        Percentage          Number          Percentage            Number          Percentage
White men                                     16               64.0               6               85.7                 14               58.3
White women                                    4               16.0               1               14.3                  5               20.8
African-American men                           2                8.0               0                 0.0                 1                 4.2
African-American women                         1                4.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Hispanic men                                   1                4.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Hispanic women                                 0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Asian/Pacific Islander men                     0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Asian/Pacific Islander women                   0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Native American men                            1                4.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Native American women                          0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Unknown                                        0                0.0               0                 0.0                 4               16.7
Totala                                        25             100.0                7              100.0                 24              100.0
Minorities                                     5               20.0               0                 0.0                 1                 4.2
Men                                           20               80.0               6               85.7                 15               62.5
Minority men                                   4               16.0               0                 0.0                 1                 4.2
Women                                          5               20.0               1               14.3                  5               20.8
Minority women                                 1                4.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Source: GAO.

                                          Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                          Data File (CPDF) data.
                                          a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                          Page 33                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                           Appendix II
                                           Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                           and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 15: Agency for International Development—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of GS-15s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those
Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those
Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                             As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                           Remaining after                    with replacements at
                                          On board on                     estimated attrition                  promotion rates for
                                         October 1, 2000                  on October 1, 2007                 fiscal years 1995-2000
GS-15                                   Number         Percentage          Number          Percentage            Number          Percentage
White men                                      257              60.6            136                58.4               233                54.8
White women                                    94               22.2              54               23.2               108                25.4
African-American men                           24                5.7              16                 6.9                26                 6.1
African-American women                         19                4.5              12                 5.2                23                 5.4
Hispanic men                                   11                2.6               5                 2.1                11                 2.6
Hispanic women                                  1                0.2               0                 0.0                 1                 0.2
Asian/Pacific Islander men                      9                2.1               5                 2.1                10                 2.4
Asian/Pacific Islander women                    6                1.4               4                 1.7                 7                 1.6
Native American men                             2                0.5               1                 0.4                 2                 0.5
Native American women                           1                0.2               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Unknown                                         0                0.0               0                 0.0                 4                 0.9
        a
Total                                          424            100.0             233               100.0               425               100.0
Minorities                                     73               17.2              43               18.5                 80               18.8
Men                                            303              71.5            163                70.0               282                66.4
Minority men                                   46               10.8              27               11.6                 49               11.5
Women                                          121              28.5              70               30.0               139                32.7
Minority women                                 27                6.4              16                 6.9                31                 7.3
Source: GAO.

                                           Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                           Data File (CPDF) data.
                                           a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                           Page 34                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                           Appendix II
                                           Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                           and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 16: Agency for International Development—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of GS-14s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those
Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those
Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                             As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                           Remaining after                    with replacements at
                                          On board on                     estimated attrition                  promotion rates for
                                         October 1, 2000                  on October 1, 2007                 fiscal years 1995-2000
GS-14                                   Number         Percentage         Number          Percentage              Number         Percentage
White men                                      290             52.3             195                50.4                267               48.2
White women                                    160             28.8             116                30.0                170               30.7
African-American men                            23              4.1              17                 4.4                 24                 4.3
African-American women                          36              6.5              25                 6.5                 37                 6.7
Hispanic men                                    15              2.7              12                 3.1                 17                 3.1
Hispanic women                                   3              0.5               2                 0.5                   4                0.7
Asian/Pacific Islander men                      17              3.1              12                 3.1                 17                 3.1
Asian/Pacific Islander women                    10              1.8               8                 2.1                 10                 1.8
Native American men                              1              0.2               0                 0.0                   1                0.2
Native American women                            0              0.0               0                 0.0                   0                0.0
Unknown                                          0              0.0               0                 0.0                   7                1.3
        a
Total                                          555            100.0             387              100.0                 554              100.0
Minorities                                     105             18.9              76                19.6                110               19.9
Men                                            346             62.3             236                61.0                326               58.8
Minority men                                    56             10.1              41                10.6                 59               10.6
Women                                          209             37.7             151                39.0                221               39.9
Minority women                                  49              8.8              35                 9.0                 51                 9.2
Source: GAO.

                                           Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                           Data File (CPDF) data.
                                           a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                           Page 35                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                           Appendix II
                                           Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                           and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 17: Department of Commerce—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of Career SES Corps, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those
Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those
Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                             As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                           Remaining after                    with replacements at
                                          On board on                     estimated attrition                appointment rates for
                                         October 1, 2000                  on October 1, 2007                 fiscal years 1995-2000
Career SES                              Number         Percentage          Number          Percentage             Number         Percentage
White men                                      201              67.9              76               60.8                177               59.4
White women                                    58               19.6              33               26.4                 76               25.5
African-American men                           17                5.7               6                 4.8                18                 6.0
African-American women                          5                1.7               3                 2.4                  8                2.7
Hispanic men                                    4                1.4               2                 1.6                  6                2.0
Hispanic women                                  3                1.0               2                 1.6                  6                2.0
Asian/Pacific Islander men                      3                1.0               1                 0.8                  3                1.0
Asian/Pacific Islander women                    3                1.0               1                 0.8                  2                0.7
Native American men                             2                0.7               1                 0.8                  2                0.7
Native American women                           0                0.0               0                 0.0                  0                0.0
Unknown                                         0                0.0               0                 0.0                  0                0.0
        a
Total                                          296            100.0             125               100.0                298              100.0
Minorities                                     37               12.5              16               12.8                 45               15.1
Men                                            227              76.7              86               68.8               206                69.1
Minority men                                   26                8.8              10                 8.0                29                 9.7
Women                                          69               23.3              39               31.2                 92               30.9
Minority women                                 11                3.7               6                 4.8                16                 5.4
Source: GAO.

                                           Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                           Data File (CPDF) data.
                                           a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                           Page 36                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                           Appendix II
                                           Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                           and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 18: Department of Commerce—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of GS-15s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those Estimated to
Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those Departing Are
Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                             As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                         Remaining after                      with replacements at
                                         On board on                    estimated attrition                    promotion rates for
                                        October 1, 2000                 on October 1, 2007                   fiscal years 1995-2000
GS-15                                   Number       Percentage          Number          Percentage              Number          Percentage
White men                                 1,573              68.5             799                 64.1             1,413                 61.5
White women                                    408           17.8             253                 20.3               528                 23.0
African-American men                           69             3.0              38                  3.0                 69                  3.0
African-American women                         53             2.3              35                  2.8                 73                  3.2
Hispanic men                                   39             1.7              23                  1.8                 48                  2.1
Hispanic women                                 14             0.6                9                 0.7                 15                  0.7
Asian/Pacific Islander men                     111            4.8              67                  5.4               109                   4.7
Asian/Pacific Islander women                   28             1.2              21                  1.7                 42                  1.8
Native American men                             2             0.1                1                 0.1                  1                  0.0
Native American women                           0             0.0                0                 0.0                  0                  0.0
Unknown                                         1             0.0                1                 0.1                  1                  0.0
        a
Total                                     2,298            100.0            1,247               100.0              2,299                100.0
Minorities                                     316           13.8             194                 15.6               357                 15.5
Men                                       1,794              78.1             928                 74.4             1,640                 71.3
Minority men                                   221            9.6             129                 10.3               227                   9.9
Women                                          503           21.9             318                 25.5               658                 28.6
Minority women                                 95             4.1              65                  5.2               130                   5.7
Source: GAO.

                                           Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                           Data File (CPDF) data.
                                           a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                           Page 37                                                       GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                           Appendix II
                                           Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                           and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 19: Department of Commerce—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of GS-14s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those Estimated to
Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those Departing Are
Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                             As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                           Remaining after                    with replacements at
                                          On board on                     estimated attrition                  promotion rates for
                                         October 1, 2000                  on October 1, 2007                 fiscal years 1995-2000
GS-14                                   Number         Percentage          Number          Percentage             Number         Percentage
White men                                 2,910                 60.7          1,993                58.5              2,706               56.4
White women                                    923              19.2            658                19.3                986               20.6
African-American men                           183               3.8            139                 4.1                195                 4.1
African-American women                         177               3.7            135                 4.0                204                 4.3
Hispanic men                                   65                1.4             50                 1.5                 69                 1.4
Hispanic women                                 43                0.9             32                 0.9                 46                 1.0
Asian/Pacific Islander men                     335               7.0            274                 8.0                397                 8.3
Asian/Pacific Islander women                   139               2.9            111                 3.3                173                 3.6
Native American men                            10                0.2               7                0.2                   9                0.2
Native American women                            8               0.2               6                0.2                   9                0.2
Unknown                                          2               0.0               2                0.1                   3                0.1
        a
Total                                     4,795               100.0           3,407               100.0              4,797              100.0
Minorities                                     960              20.0            754                22.1              1,102               23.0
Men                                       3,503                 73.1          2,463                72.3              3,376               70.4
Minority men                                   593              12.4            470                13.8                670               14.0
Women                                     1,290                 26.9            942                27.6              1,418               29.6
Minority women                                 367               7.7            284                 8.3                432                 9.0
Source: GAO.

                                           Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                           Data File (CPDF) data.
                                           a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                           Page 38                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                           Appendix II
                                           Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                           and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 20: Department of Defense—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of Career SES Corps, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those
Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those
Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                             As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                           Remaining after                    with replacements at
                                          On board on                     estimated attrition                appointment rates for
                                         October 1, 2000                  on October 1, 2007                 fiscal years 1995-2000
Career SES                              Number         Percentage          Number          Percentage             Number         Percentage
White men                                      909              79.5            364                74.9                859               75.0
White women                                    163              14.2              93               19.1                213               18.6
African-American men                           21                1.8               9                 1.9                22                 1.9
African-American women                         10                0.9               3                 0.6                10                 0.9
Hispanic men                                    7                0.6               3                 0.6                  9                0.8
Hispanic women                                  3                0.3               1                 0.2                  3                0.3
Asian/Pacific Islander men                     13                1.1               5                 1.0                12                 1.0
Asian/Pacific Islander women                    9                0.8               5                 1.0                11                 1.0
Native American men                             6                0.5               1                 0.2                  3                0.3
Native American women                           1                0.1               0                 0.0                  0                0.0
Unknown                                         2                0.2               2                 0.4                  3                0.3
        a
Total                                      1,144              100.0             486               100.0              1,145              100.0
Minorities                                     70                6.1              27                 5.6                70                 6.1
Men                                            956              83.6            382                78.6                905               79.0
Minority men                                   47                4.1              18                 3.7                46                 4.0
Women                                          186              16.3            102                21.0                237               20.7
Minority women                                 23                2.0               9                 1.9                24                 2.1
Source: GAO.

                                           Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                           Data File (CPDF) data.
                                           a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                           Page 39                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                           Appendix II
                                           Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                           and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 21: Department of Defense—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of GS-15s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those Estimated to
Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those Departing Are
Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                             As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                           Remaining after                    with replacements at
                                          On board on                     estimated attrition                  promotion rates for
                                         October 1, 2000                  on October 1, 2007                 fiscal years 1995-2000
GS-15                                   Number         Percentage          Number          Percentage            Number          Percentage
White men                                  8,795                79.0          3,900                76.3             8,380                75.3
White women                                1,409                12.7            716                14.0             1,708                15.3
African-American men                           231               2.1            125                  2.4              257                  2.3
African-American women                         124               1.1              69                 1.3              146                  1.3
Hispanic men                                   158               1.4              89                 1.7              182                  1.6
Hispanic women                                 28                0.3              17                 0.3                35                 0.3
Asian/Pacific Islander men                     282               2.5            132                  2.6              274                  2.5
Asian/Pacific Islander women                   37                0.3              21                 0.4                48                 0.4
Native American men                            50                0.4              26                 0.5                56                 0.5
Native American women                           9                0.1               3                 0.1                10                 0.1
Unknown                                        14                0.1              14                 0.3                39                 0.4
        a
Total                                    11,137               100.0           5,112               100.0            11,135               100.0
Minorities                                     919               8.3            482                  9.4            1,008                  9.1
Men                                        9,516                85.4          4,272                83.6             9,149                82.2
Minority men                                   721               6.5            372                  7.3              769                  6.9
Women                                      1,607                14.4            826                16.2             1,947                17.5
Minority women                                 198               1.8            110                  2.2              239                  2.1
Source: GAO.

                                           Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                           Data File (CPDF) data.
                                           a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                           Page 40                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                           Appendix II
                                           Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                           and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 22: Department of Defense—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of GS-14s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those Estimated to
Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those Departing Are
Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                             As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                           Remaining after                    with replacements at
                                          On board on                     estimated attrition                  promotion rates for
                                         October 1, 2000                  on October 1, 2007                 fiscal years 1995-2000
GS-14                                   Number         Percentage          Number          Percentage            Number          Percentage
White men                                13,612                 70.4          8,002                68.4            13,088                67.6
White women                                3,409                17.6          2,178                18.6             3,793                19.6
African-American men                           604               3.1            380                  3.2              605                  3.1
African-American women                         468               2.4            321                  2.7              520                  2.7
Hispanic men                                   335               1.7            219                  1.9              360                  1.9
Hispanic women                                 104               0.5              78                 0.7              129                  0.7
Asian/Pacific Islander men                     554               2.9            342                  2.9              531                  2.7
Asian/Pacific Islander women                   141               0.7              98                 0.8              160                  0.8
Native American men                            72                0.4              45                 0.4                75                 0.4
Native American women                          24                0.1              16                 0.1                30                 0.2
Unknown                                        25                0.1              25                 0.2                57                 0.3
        a
Total                                    19,348               100.0          11,704               100.0            19,348               100.0
Minorities                                 2,302                11.9          1,499                12.8             2,410                12.5
Men                                      15,177                 78.4          8,988                76.8            14,659                75.8
Minority men                               1,565                 8.1            986                  8.4            1,571                  8.1
Women                                      4,146                21.4          2,691                23.0             4,632                23.9
Minority women                                 737               3.8            513                  4.4              839                  4.3
Source: GAO.

                                           Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                           Data File (CPDF) data.
                                           a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                           Page 41                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                           Appendix II
                                           Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                           and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 23: Department of Education—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of Career SES Corps, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those
Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those
Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                             As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                            Remaining after                   with replacements at
                                           On board on                     estimated attrition               appointment rates for
                                          October 1, 2000                  on October 1, 2007                fiscal years 1995-2000
Career SES                               Number         Percentage         Number          Percentage            Number          Percentage
White men                                      32               53.3              15               53.6                 30               48.4
White women                                    15               25.0               9               32.1                 18               29.0
African-American men                            8               13.3               4               14.3                  9               14.5
African-American women                          1                 1.7              0                 0.0                 2                 3.2
Hispanic men                                    1                 1.7              0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Hispanic women                                  0                 0.0              0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Asian/Pacific Islander men                      1                 1.7              0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Asian/Pacific Islander women                    1                 1.7              0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Native American men                             1                 1.7              0                 0.0                 2                 3.2
Native American women                           0                 0.0              0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Unknown                                         0                 0.0              0                 0.0                 1                 1.6
        a
Total                                          60              100.0              28              100.0                 62              100.0
Minorities                                     13               21.7               4               14.3                 13               21.0
Men                                            43               71.7              19               67.9                 41               66.1
Minority men                                   11               18.3               4               14.3                 11               17.7
Women                                          17               28.3               9               32.1                 20               32.3
Minority women                                  2                 3.3              0                 0.0                 2                 3.2
Source: GAO.

                                           Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                           Data File (CPDF) data.
                                           a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                           Page 42                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                           Appendix II
                                           Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                           and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 24: Department of Education—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of GS-15s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those Estimated to
Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition, and Estimates for October 1, 2007; if Those Departing Are
Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                             As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                           Remaining after                    with replacements at
                                          On board on                     estimated attrition                  promotion rates for
                                         October 1, 2000                  on October 1, 2007                 fiscal years 1995-2000
GS-15                                   Number         Percentage          Number          Percentage            Number          Percentage
White men                                      212              46.1            112                45.7               204                44.4
White women                                    150              32.6              82               33.5               150                32.7
African-American men                           31                6.7              17                 6.9                32                 7.0
African-American women                         40                8.7              21                 8.6                44                 9.6
Hispanic men                                    8                1.7               5                 2.0                11                 2.4
Hispanic women                                  6                1.3               3                 1.2                 5                 1.1
Asian/Pacific Islander men                      7                1.5               3                 1.2                 7                 1.5
Asian/Pacific Islander women                    1                0.2               0                 0.0                 1                 0.2
Native American men                             1                0.2               0                 0.0                 1                 0.2
Native American women                           4                0.9               2                 0.8                 4                 0.9
Unknown                                         0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
        a
Total                                          460            100.0             245               100.0               459               100.0
Minorities                                     98               21.3              51               20.8               105                22.9
Men                                            259              56.3            137                55.9               255                55.6
Minority men                                   47               10.2              25               10.2                 51               11.1
Women                                          201              43.7            108                44.1               204                44.4
Minority women                                 51               11.1              26               10.6                 54               11.8
Source: GAO.

                                           Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                           Data File (CPDF) data.
                                           a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                           Page 43                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                           Appendix II
                                           Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                           and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 25: Department of Education—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of GS-14s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those Estimated to
Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition, and Estimates for October 1, 2007; if Those Departing Are
Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                             As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                           Remaining after                    with replacements at
                                          On board on                     estimated attrition                  promotion rates for
                                         October 1, 2000                  on October 1, 2007                 fiscal years 1995-2000
GS-14                                   Number         Percentage          Number          Percentage            Number          Percentage
White men                                      300              38.2            185                36.6               281                35.8
White women                                    254              32.3            170                33.7               270                34.4
African-American men                           68                8.7              43                 8.5                68                 8.7
African-American women                         117              14.9              76               15.0               118                15.0
Hispanic men                                    9                1.1               6                 1.2                10                 1.3
Hispanic women                                 12                1.5               8                 1.6                11                 1.4
Asian/Pacific Islander men                     10                1.3               6                 1.2                10                 1.3
Asian/Pacific Islander women                   10                1.3               7                 1.4                11                 1.4
Native American men                             3                0.4               2                 0.4                 3                 0.4
Native American women                           3                0.4               2                 0.4                 4                 0.5
Unknown                                         0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
        a
Total                                          786            100.0             505               100.0               786               100.0
Minorities                                     232              29.5            150                29.7               235                29.9
Men                                            390              49.6            242                47.9               372                47.3
Minority men                                   90               11.5              57               11.3                 91               11.6
Women                                          396              50.4            263                52.1               414                52.7
Minority women                                 142              18.1              93               18.4               144                18.3
Source: GAO.

                                           Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                           Data File (CPDF) data.
                                           a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                           Page 44                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                           Appendix II
                                           Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                           and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 26: Department of Energy—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of Career SES Corps, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those
Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition, and Estimates for October 1, 2007; if Those
Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                             As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                           Remaining after                    with replacements at
                                          On board on                     estimated attrition                appointment rates for
                                         October 1, 2000                  on October 1, 2007                 fiscal years 1995-2000
Career SES                              Number         Percentage          Number          Percentage            Number          Percentage
White men                                      283              72.4            125                69.4               259                66.2
White women                                    66               16.9              37               20.6                 94               24.0
African-American men                           14                3.6               5                 2.8                11                 2.8
African-American women                          5                1.3               2                 1.1                 5                 1.3
Hispanic men                                    9                2.3               5                 2.8                11                 2.8
Hispanic women                                  2                0.5               1                 0.6                 2                 0.5
Asian/Pacific Islander men                      8                2.0               3                 1.7                 5                 1.3
Asian/Pacific Islander women                    1                0.3               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Native American men                             3                0.8               2                 1.1                 3                 0.8
Native American women                           0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Unknown                                         0                0.0               0                 0.0                 1                 0.3
        a
Total                                          391            100.0             180               100.0               391               100.0
Minorities                                     42               10.7              18               10.0                 37                 9.5
Men                                            317              81.1            140                77.8               289                73.9
Minority men                                   34                8.7              15                 8.3                30                 7.7
Women                                          74               18.9              40               22.2               101                25.8
Minority women                                  8                2.0               3                 1.7                 7                 1.8
Source: GAO.

                                           Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                           Data File (CPDF) data.
                                           a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                           Page 45                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                           Appendix II
                                           Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                           and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 27: Department of Energy—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of GS-15s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those Estimated to
Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition, and Estimates for October 1, 2007; if Those Departing Are
Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                             As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                           Remaining after                    with replacements at
                                          On board on                     estimated attrition                  promotion rates for
                                         October 1, 2000                  on October 1, 2007                 fiscal years 1995-2000
GS-15                                   Number         Percentage          Number          Percentage            Number          Percentage
White men                                  1,429                71.5            735                68.5             1,316                65.8
White women                                    325              16.3            193                18.0               407                20.4
African-American men                           65                3.3              38                 3.5                68                 3.4
African-American women                         44                2.2              27                 2.5                55                 2.8
Hispanic men                                   42                2.1              25                 2.3                55                 2.8
Hispanic women                                 10                0.5               7                 0.7                13                 0.7
Asian/Pacific Islander men                     59                3.0              32                 3.0                53                 2.7
Asian/Pacific Islander women                   14                0.7               9                 0.8                18                 0.9
Native American men                             7                0.4               4                 0.4                 6                 0.3
Native American women                           3                0.2               2                 0.2                 5                 0.3
Unknown                                         1                0.1               1                 0.1                 4                 0.2
        a
Total                                      1,999              100.0           1,073               100.0             2,000               100.0
Minorities                                     244              12.2            144                13.4               273                13.7
Men                                        1,602                80.1            834                77.7             1,498                74.9
Minority men                                   173               8.7              99                 9.2              182                  9.1
Women                                          396              19.8            238                22.2               498                24.9
Minority women                                 71                3.6              45                 4.2                91                 4.6
Source: GAO.

                                           Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                           Data File (CPDF) data.
                                           a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                           Page 46                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                           Appendix II
                                           Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                           and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 28: Department of Energy—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of GS-14s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those Estimated to
Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition, and Estimates for October 1, 2007; if Those Departing Are
Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                             As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                           Remaining after                    with replacements at
                                          On board on                     estimated attrition                  promotion rates for
                                         October 1, 2000                  on October 1, 2007                 fiscal years 1995-2000
GS-14                                   Number         Percentage          Number          Percentage            Number          Percentage
White men                                  1,731                61.7          1,129                59.4             1,624                57.9
White women                                    573              20.4            403                21.2               639                22.8
African-American men                           84                3.0              61                 3.2                92                 3.3
African-American women                         106               3.8              74                 3.9              114                  4.1
Hispanic men                                   91                3.2              70                 3.7              102                  3.6
Hispanic women                                 34                1.2              27                 1.4                43                 1.5
Asian/Pacific Islander men                     128               4.6              92                 4.8              122                  4.4
Asian/Pacific Islander women                   29                1.0              23                 1.2                34                 1.2
Native American men                            20                0.7              15                 0.8                21                 0.7
Native American women                           8                0.3               6                 0.3                10                 0.4
Unknown                                         2                0.1               2                 0.1                 3                 0.1
        a
Total                                      2,806              100.0           1,902               100.0             2,804               100.0
Minorities                                     500              17.8            368                19.3               538                19.2
Men                                        2,054                73.2          1,367                71.9             1,961                69.9
Minority men                                   323              11.5            238                12.5               337                12.0
Women                                          750              26.7            533                28.0               840                30.0
Minority women                                 177               6.3            130                  6.8              201                  7.2
Source: GAO.

                                           Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                           Data File (CPDF) data.
                                           a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                           Page 47                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                           Appendix II
                                           Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                           and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 29: Environmental Protection Agency—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of Career SES Corps, Actual as of October 1, 2000;
Those Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if
Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                             As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                           Remaining after                    with replacements at
                                          On board on                     estimated attrition                appointment rates for
                                         October 1, 2000                  on October 1, 2007                 fiscal years 1995-2000
Career SES                              Number         Percentage          Number          Percentage             Number         Percentage
White men                                      150              58.8              65               53.3                123               48.2
White women                                    66               25.9              37               30.3                 73               28.6
African-American men                           18                7.1               9                 7.4                25                 9.8
African-American women                          5                2.0               3                 2.5                10                 3.9
Hispanic men                                    9                3.5               5                 4.1                12                 4.7
Hispanic women                                  1                0.4               0                 0.0                  1                0.4
Asian/Pacific Islander men                      2                0.8               1                 0.8                  4                1.6
Asian/Pacific Islander women                    4                1.6               2                 1.6                  7                2.7
Native American men                             0                0.0               0                 0.0                  0                0.0
Native American women                           0                0.0               0                 0.0                  0                0.0
Unknown                                         0                0.0               0                 0.0                  0                0.0
        a
Total                                          255            100.0             122               100.0                255              100.0
Minorities                                     39               15.3              20               16.4                 59               23.1
Men                                            179              70.2              80               65.6                164               64.3
Minority men                                   29               11.4              15               12.3                 41               16.1
Women                                          76               29.8              42               34.4                 91               35.7
Minority women                                 10                3.9               5                 4.1                18                 7.1
Source: GAO.

                                           Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                           Data File (CPDF) data.
                                           a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                           Page 48                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                           Appendix II
                                           Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                           and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 30: Environmental Protection Agency—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of GS-15s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those
Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those
Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                             As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                           Remaining after                    with replacements at
                                          On board on                     estimated attrition                  promotion rates for
                                         October 1, 2000                  on October 1, 2007                 fiscal years 1995-2000
GS-15                                   Number         Percentage          Number          Percentage            Number          Percentage
White men                                  1,086                60.2            616                57.1               992                54.9
White women                                    508              28.1            325                30.1               565                31.3
African-American men                           41                2.3              26                 2.4                48                 2.7
African-American women                         80                4.4              55                 5.1              106                  5.9
Hispanic men                                   27                1.5              15                 1.4                25                 1.4
Hispanic women                                 14                0.8              10                 0.9                18                 1.0
Asian/Pacific Islander men                     30                1.7              18                 1.7                29                 1.6
Asian/Pacific Islander women                   14                0.8              10                 0.9                17                 0.9
Native American men                             2                0.1               1                 0.1                 2                 0.1
Native American women                           2                0.1               1                 0.1                 2                 0.1
Unknown                                         1                0.1               1                 0.1                 2                 0.1
        a
Total                                      1,805              100.0           1,078               100.0             1,806               100.0
Minorities                                     210              11.6            136                12.6               247                13.7
Men                                        1,186                65.7            676                62.7             1,096                60.7
Minority men                                   100               5.5              60                 5.6              104                  5.8
Women                                          618              34.2            401                37.2               708                39.2
Minority women                                 110               6.1              76                 7.1              143                  7.9
Source: GAO.

                                           Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                           Data File (CPDF) data.
                                           a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                           Page 49                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                           Appendix II
                                           Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                           and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 31: Environmental Protection Agency—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of GS-14s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those
Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those
Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                              As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                           Remaining after                     with replacements at
                                          On board on                     estimated attrition                   promotion rates for
                                         October 1, 2000                  on October 1, 2007                  fiscal years 1995-2000
GS-14                                   Number         Percentage          Number          Percentage            Number          Percentage
White men                                  1,558                51.9          1,044                49.2             1,414                47.1
White women                                    890              29.7            659                31.1               970                32.3
African-American men                           102               3.4              77                 3.6              115                  3.8
African-American women                         201               6.7            154                  7.3              234                  7.8
Hispanic men                                   63                2.1              50                 2.4                69                 2.3
Hispanic women                                 48                1.6              40                 1.9                59                 2.0
Asian/Pacific Islander men                     78                2.6              49                 2.3                68                 2.3
Asian/Pacific Islander women                   49                1.6              39                 1.8                58                 1.9
Native American men                             7                0.2               5                 0.2                 7                 0.2
Native American women                           5                0.2               3                 0.1                 6                 0.2
Unknown                                         0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
        a
Total                                      3,001              100.0           2,120               100.0             3,000               100.0
Minorities                                     553              18.4            417               19.7                616                20.5
Men                                        1,808                60.2          1,225               57.8              1,673                55.8
Minority men                                   250               8.3            181                8.5                259                  8.6
Women                                      1,193                39.8            895               42.2              1,327                44.2
Minority women                                 303              10.1            236               11.1                357                11.9
Source: GAO.

                                           Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                           Data File (CPDF) data.
                                           a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                           Page 50                                                       GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                         Appendix II
                                         Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                         and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 32: Federal Emergency Management Agency—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of Career SES Corps, Actual as of October 1,
2000; Those Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1,
2007, if Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                           As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                         Remaining after                    with replacements at
                                         On board on                    estimated attrition                appointment rates for
                                        October 1, 2000                 on October 1, 2007                 fiscal years 1995-2000
Career SES                             Number        Percentage          Number          Percentage            Number          Percentage
White men                                    25               78.1              11               78.6                 23               71.9
White women                                   6               18.8               3               21.4                  8               25.0
African-American men                          0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
African-American women                        1                3.1               0                 0.0                 1                 3.1
Hispanic men                                  0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Hispanic women                                0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Asian/Pacific Islander men                    0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Asian/Pacific Islander women                  0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Native American men                           0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Native American women                         0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Unknown                                       0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
        a
Total                                        32             100.0               14              100.0                 32              100.0
Minorities                                    1                3.1               0                 0.0                 1                 3.1
Men                                          25               78.1              11               78.6                 23               71.9
Minority men                                  0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0               0.00
Women                                         7               21.9               3               21.4                  9               28.1
Minority women                                1                3.1               0                 0.0                 1                 3.1
Source: GAO.

                                         Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                         Data File (CPDF) data.
                                         a
                                          Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                         Page 51                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                          Appendix II
                                          Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                          and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 33: Federal Emergency Management Agency—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of GS-15s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those
Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those
Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                          As of October 1, 2007, with
                                                                           Remaining after                      replacements at
                                         On board on                    estimated attrition on                promotion rates for
                                        October 1, 2000                    October 1, 2007                  fiscal years 1995-2000
GS-15                                  Number         Percentage          Number          Percentage            Number          Percentage
White men                                     130              72.2              59               67.8               118                65.6
White women                                   26               14.4              16               18.4                 36               20.0
African-American men                          13                7.2               7                 8.0                13                 7.2
African-American women                         9                5.0               5                 5.7                12                 6.7
Hispanic men                                   1                0.6               0                 0.0                 1                 0.6
Hispanic women                                 1                0.6               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Asian/Pacific Islander men                     0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Asian/Pacific Islander women                   0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Native American men                            0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Native American women                          0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Unknown                                        0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
        a
Total                                         180            100.0               87              100.0               180               100.0
Minorities                                    24               13.3              12               13.8                 26               14.4
Men                                           144              80.0              66               75.9               132                73.3
Minority men                                  14                7.8               7                 8.0                14                 7.8
Women                                         36               20.0              21               24.1                 48               26.7
Minority women                                10                5.6               5                 5.7                12                 6.7
Source: GAO.

                                          Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                          Data File (CPDF) data.
                                          a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                          Page 52                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                          Appendix II
                                          Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                          and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 34: Federal Emergency Management Agency—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of GS-14s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those
Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those
Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                            As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                          Remaining after                    with replacements at
                                         On board on                     estimated attrition                  promotion rates for
                                        October 1, 2000                  on October 1, 2007                 fiscal years 1995-2000
GS-14                                  Number         Percentage          Number          Percentage            Number          Percentage
White men                                     183              60.8            111                59.7               173                57.9
White women                                   73               24.3              47               25.3                 82               27.4
African-American men                           9                3.0               6                 3.2                11                 3.7
African-American women                        18                6.0              12                 6.5                19                 6.4
Hispanic men                                   5                1.7               3                 1.6                 4                 1.3
Hispanic women                                 3                1.0               2                 1.1                 3                 1.0
Asian/Pacific Islander men                     4                1.3               2                 1.1                 3                 1.0
Asian/Pacific Islander women                   4                1.3               3                 1.6                 4                 1.3
Native American men                            1                0.3               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Native American women                          1                0.3               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Unknown                                        0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
        a
Total                                         301            100.0             186               100.0               299               100.0
Minorities                                    45               15.0              28               15.1                 44               14.7
Men                                           202              67.1            122                65.6               191                63.9
Minority men                                  19                6.3              11                 5.9                18                 6.0
Women                                         99               32.9              64               34.4               108                36.1
Minority women                                26                8.6              17                 9.1                26                 8.7
Source: GAO.

                                          Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                          Data File (CPDF) data.
                                          a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                          Page 53                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                           Appendix II
                                           Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                           and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 35: General Services Administration—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of Career SES Corps, Actual as of October 1, 2000;
Those Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if
Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                             As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                           Remaining after                    with replacements at
                                          On board on                     estimated attrition                appointment rates for
                                         October 1, 2000                  on October 1, 2007                 fiscal years 1995-2000
Career SES                              Number         Percentage          Number          Percentage            Number          Percentage
White men                                      54               64.3              22               61.1                 52               61.2
White women                                    18               21.4              10               27.8                 22               25.9
African-American men                           6                 7.1               2                 5.6                 5                 5.9
African-American women                         4                 4.8               2                 5.6                 4                 4.7
Hispanic men                                   0                 0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Hispanic women                                 1                 1.2               0                 0.0                 1                 1.2
Asian/Pacific Islander men                     0                 0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Asian/Pacific Islander women                   1                 1.2               0                 0.0                 1                 1.2
Native American men                            0                 0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Native American women                          0                 0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Unknown                                        0                 0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
        a
Total                                          84             100.0               36              100.0                 85              100.0
Minorities                                     12               14.3               4               11.1                 11               12.9
Men                                            60               71.4              24               66.7                 57               67.1
Minority men                                   6                 7.1               2                 5.6                 5                 5.9
Women                                          24               28.6              12               33.3                 28               32.9
Minority women                                 6                 7.1               2                 5.6                 6                 7.1
Source: GAO.

                                           Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                           Data File (CPDF) data.
                                           a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                           Page 54                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                           Appendix II
                                           Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                           and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 36: General Services Administration—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of GS-15s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those
Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those
Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                             As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                           Remaining after                    with replacements at
                                          On board on                     estimated attrition                  promotion rates for
                                         October 1, 2000                  on October 1, 2007                 fiscal years 1995-2000
GS-15                                   Number         Percentage          Number          Percentage            Number          Percentage
White men                                      383              64.4            189                62.6               353                59.4
White women                                    133              22.4              73               24.2               158                26.6
African-American men                           28                4.7              13                 4.3                31                 5.2
African-American women                         31                5.2              18                 6.0                33                 5.6
Hispanic men                                    3                0.5               1                 0.3                 3                 0.5
Hispanic women                                  4                0.7               2                 0.7                 3                 0.5
Asian/Pacific Islander men                      6                1.0               3                 1.0                 6                 1.0
Asian/Pacific Islander women                    4                0.7               2                 0.7                 5                 0.8
Native American men                             3                0.5               1                 0.3                 2                 0.3
Native American women                           0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Unknown                                         0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
        a
Total                                          595            100.0             302               100.0               594               100.0
Minorities                                     79               13.3              40               13.2                 83               14.0
Men                                            423              71.1            207                68.5               395                66.5
Minority men                                   40                6.7              18                 6.0                42                 7.1
Women                                          172              28.9              95               31.5               199                33.5
Minority women                                 39                6.6              22                 7.3                41                 6.9
Source: GAO.

                                           Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                           Data File (CPDF) data.
                                           a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                           Page 55                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                           Appendix II
                                           Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                           and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 37: General Services Administration—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of GS-14s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those
Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those
Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                             As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                           Remaining after                    with replacements at
                                          On board on                     estimated attrition                  promotion rates for
                                         October 1, 2000                  on October 1, 2007                 fiscal years 1995-2000
GS-14                                   Number         Percentage          Number          Percentage            Number          Percentage
White men                                      656              50.3            418                48.1               621                47.6
White women                                    359              27.5            245                28.2               377                28.9
African-American men                           85                6.5              57                 6.6                86                 6.6
African-American women                         125               9.6              90               10.4               135                10.3
Hispanic men                                   16                1.2              12                 1.4                19                 1.5
Hispanic women                                 13                1.0               9                 1.0                13                 1.0
Asian/Pacific Islander men                     31                2.4              22                 2.5                32                 2.5
Asian/Pacific Islander women                   14                1.1              12                 1.4                15                 1.1
Native American men                             4                0.3               3                 0.3                 5                 0.4
Native American women                           2                0.2               1                 0.1                 2                 0.2
Unknown                                         0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
        a
Total                                      1,305              100.0             869               100.0             1,305               100.0
Minorities                                     290              22.2            206                23.7               307                23.5
Men                                            792              60.7            512                58.9               763                58.5
Minority men                                   136              10.4              94               10.8               142                10.9
Women                                          513              39.3            357                41.1               542                41.5
Minority women                                 154              11.8            112                12.9               165                12.6
Source: GAO.

                                           Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                           Data File (CPDF) data.
                                           a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                           Page 56                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                         Appendix II
                                         Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                         and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 38: Department of Health and Human Services—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of Career SES Corps, Actual as of October 1,
2000; Those Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1,
2007, if Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                            As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                          Remaining after                    with replacements at
                                         On board on                     estimated attrition                appointment rates for
                                        October 1, 2000                  on October 1, 2007                 fiscal years 1995-2000
Career SES                             Number         Percentage          Number          Percentage            Number         Percentage
White men                                    211              52.9              79                46.2               184               46.2
White women                                  103              25.8              51                29.8               122               30.7
African-American men                          22                5.5             11                  6.4               24                 6.0
African-American women                        27                6.8             13                  7.6               28                 7.0
Hispanic men                                   5                1.3               2                 1.2                 9                2.3
Hispanic women                                 5                1.3               2                 1.2                 5                1.3
Asian/Pacific Islander men                     6                1.5               3                 1.8                 7                1.8
Asian/Pacific Islander women                   3                0.8               1                 0.6                 3                0.8
Native American men                           11                2.8               6                 3.5                 9                2.3
Native American women                          6                1.5               3                 1.8                 6                1.5
Unknown                                        0                0.0               0                 0.0                 1                0.3
        a
Total                                        399             100.0             171               100.0               398              100.0
Minorities                                    85              21.3              41                24.0                91               22.9
Men                                          255              63.9             101                59.1               233               58.5
Minority men                                  44              11.0              22                12.9                49               12.3
Women                                        144              36.1              70                40.9               164               41.2
Minority women                                41              10.3              19                11.1                42               10.6
Source: GAO.

                                         Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                         Data File (CPDF) data.
                                         a
                                          Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                         Page 57                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                           Appendix II
                                           Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                           and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 39: Department of Health and Human Services—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of GS-15s, Actual as of October 1, 2000;
Those Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if
Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                             As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                           Remaining after                    with replacements at
                                          On board on                     estimated attrition                  promotion rates for
                                         October 1, 2000                  on October 1, 2007                 fiscal years 1995-2000
GS-15                                   Number         Percentage          Number          Percentage            Number          Percentage
White men                                  1,774                50.9            878                48.7             1,643                47.1
White women                                1,118                32.1            609                33.8             1,216                34.9
African-American men                           137               3.9              66                 3.7              132                  3.8
African-American women                         139               4.0              74                 4.1              149                  4.3
Hispanic men                                   53                1.5              28                 1.6                49                 1.4
Hispanic women                                 38                1.1              21                 1.2                47                 1.3
Asian/Pacific Islander men                     101               2.9              51                 2.8              103                  3.0
Asian/Pacific Islander women                   49                1.4              25                 1.4                51                 1.5
Native American men                            46                1.3              29                 1.6                56                 1.6
Native American women                          29                0.8              18                 1.0                35                 1.0
Unknown                                         4                0.1               4                 0.2                 8                 0.2
        a
Total                                      3,488              100.0           1,803               100.0             3,489               100.0
Minorities                                     592              17.0            312                17.3               622                17.8
Men                                        2,111                60.5          1,052                58.3             1,983                56.8
Minority men                                   337               9.7            174                  9.7              340                  9.7
Women                                      1,373                39.4            747                41.4             1,498                42.9
Minority women                                 255               7.3            138                  7.7              282                  8.1
Source: GAO.

                                           Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                           Data File (CPDF) data.
                                           a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                           Page 58                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                           Appendix II
                                           Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                           and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 40: Department of Health and Human Services—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of GS-14s, Actual as of October 1, 2000;
Those Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if
Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                             As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                           Remaining after                    with replacements at
                                          On board on                     estimated attrition                  promotion rates for
                                         October 1, 2000                  on October 1, 2007                 fiscal years 1995-2000
GS-14                                   Number         Percentage          Number          Percentage            Number          Percentage
White men                                  2,450                42.5          1,492                40.3             2,280                39.6
White women                                2,024                35.1          1,332                36.0             2,148                37.3
African-American men                           225               3.9            145                  3.9              216                  3.7
African-American women                         359               6.2            244                  6.6              374                  6.5
Hispanic men                                   103               1.8              75                 2.0              113                  2.0
Hispanic women                                 56                1.0              41                 1.1                64                 1.1
Asian/Pacific Islander men                     223               3.9            143                  3.9              209                  3.6
Asian/Pacific Islander women                   158               2.7            111                  3.0              170                  2.9
Native American men                            73                1.3              49                 1.3                76                 1.3
Native American women                          83                1.4              57                 1.5                94                 1.6
Unknown                                        10                0.2              10                 0.3                20                 0.3
        a
Total                                      5,764              100.0           3,699               100.0             5,764               100.0
Minorities                                 1,280                22.2            865                23.4             1,316                22.8
Men                                        3,074                53.3          1,904                51.5             2,894                50.2
Minority men                                   624              10.8            412                11.1               614                10.7
Women                                      2,680                46.5          1,785                48.3             2,850                49.4
Minority women                                 656              11.4            453                12.2               702                12.2
Source: GAO.

                                           Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                           Data File (CPDF) data.
                                           a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                           Page 59                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                          Appendix II
                                          Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                          and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 41: Department of Housing and Urban Development—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of Career SES Corps, Actual as of
October 1, 2000; Those Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for
October 1, 2007, if Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                            As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                          Remaining after                    with replacements at
                                          On board on                    estimated attrition                appointment rates for
                                         October 1, 2000                 on October 1, 2007                 fiscal years 1995-2000
Career SES                              Number        Percentage          Number          Percentage            Number          Percentage
White men                                     40               54.8              17               51.5                 35               46.1
White women                                    7                9.6               4               12.1                 10               13.2
African-American men                           9               12.3               4               12.1                  9               11.8
African-American women                        11               15.1               6               18.2                 16               21.1
Hispanic men                                   2                2.7               1                 3.0                 2                 2.6
Hispanic women                                 2                2.7               1                 3.0                 2                 2.6
Asian/Pacific Islander men                     0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Asian/Pacific Islander women                   0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Native American men                            1                1.4               0                 0.0                 1                 1.3
Native American women                          1                1.4               0                 0.0                 1                 1.3
Unknown                                        0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
        a
Total                                         73             100.0               33              100.0                 76              100.0
Minorities                                    26               35.6              12               36.4                 31               40.8
Men                                           52               71.2              22               66.7                 47               61.8
Minority men                                  12               16.4               5               15.2                 12               15.8
Women                                         21               28.8              11               33.3                 29               38.2
Minority women                                14               19.2               7               21.2                 19               25.0
Source: GAO.

                                          Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                          Data File (CPDF) data.
                                          a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                          Page 60                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                          Appendix II
                                          Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                          and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 42: Department of Housing and Urban Development—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of GS-15s, Actual as of October 1, 2000;
Those Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if
Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                            As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                          Remaining after                    with replacements at
                                         On board on                     estimated attrition                  promotion rates for
                                        October 1, 2000                  on October 1, 2007                 fiscal years 1995-2000
GS-15                                  Number         Percentage          Number          Percentage            Number          Percentage
White men                                     398              46.5            180                42.4               349                40.8
White women                                   175              20.4              90               21.2               184                21.5
African-American men                          100              11.7              51               12.0               105                12.3
African-American women                        112              13.1              63               14.8               130                15.2
Hispanic men                                  21                2.5              12                 2.8                26                 3.0
Hispanic women                                22                2.6              12                 2.8                27                 3.2
Asian/Pacific Islander men                    12                1.4               8                 1.9                15                 1.8
Asian/Pacific Islander women                   9                1.1               5                 1.2                12                 1.4
Native American men                            7                0.8               4                 0.9                 7                 0.8
Native American women                          0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Unknown                                        0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
        a
Total                                         856            100.0             425               100.0               855               100.0
Minorities                                    283              33.1            155                36.5               322                37.7
Men                                           538              62.9            255                60.0               502                58.7
Minority men                                  140              16.4              75               17.6               153                17.9
Women                                         318              37.1            170                40.0               353                41.3
Minority women                                143              16.7              80               18.8               169                19.8
Source: GAO.

                                          Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                          Data File (CPDF) data.
                                          a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                          Page 61                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                          Appendix II
                                          Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                          and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 43: Department of Housing and Urban Development—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of GS-14s, Actual as of October 1, 2000;
Those Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if
Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                            As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                          Remaining after                    with replacements at
                                         On board on                     estimated attrition                  promotion rates for
                                        October 1, 2000                  on October 1, 2007                 fiscal years 1995-2000
GS-14                                  Number         Percentage          Number          Percentage             Number         Percentage
White men                                     545              41.1            331                39.2                500               37.7
White women                                   301              22.7            196                23.2                313               23.6
African-American men                          134              10.1              84                 9.9               136               10.2
African-American women                        221              16.7            150                17.8                241               18.2
Hispanic men                                  47                3.5              31                 3.7                53                 4.0
Hispanic women                                22                1.7              15                 1.8                26                 2.0
Asian/Pacific Islander men                    26                2.0              19                 2.2                28                 2.1
Asian/Pacific Islander women                  18                1.4              13                 1.5                21                 1.6
Native American men                            9                0.7               5                 0.6                  8                0.6
Native American women                          2                0.2               1                 0.1                  1                0.1
Unknown                                        0                0.0               0                 0.0                  0                0.0
        a
Total                                     1,325              100.0             845               100.0              1,327              100.0
Minorities                                    479              36.2            318                37.6                514               38.7
Men                                           761              57.4            470                55.6                725               54.6
Minority men                                  216              16.3            139                16.4                225               17.0
Women                                         564              42.6            375                44.4                602               45.4
Minority women                                263              19.8            179                21.2                289               21.8
Source: GAO.

                                          Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                          Data File (CPDF) data.
                                          a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                          Page 62                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                           Appendix II
                                           Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                           and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 44: Department of the Interior—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of Career SES Corps, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those
Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those
Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                             As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                           Remaining after                    with replacements at
                                          On board on                     estimated attrition                appointment rates for
                                         October 1, 2000                  on October 1, 2007                 fiscal years 1995-2000
Career SES                              Number         Percentage          Number          Percentage            Number          Percentage
White men                                      103              53.9              39               44.8                 88               46.1
White women                                    46               24.1              28               32.2                 57               29.8
African-American men                            4                2.1               2                 2.3                 5                 2.6
African-American women                          4                2.1               2                 2.3                 4                 2.1
Hispanic men                                    4                2.1               2                 2.3                 4                 2.1
Hispanic women                                  4                2.1               2                 2.3                 4                 2.1
Asian/Pacific Islander men                      1                0.5               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Asian/Pacific Islander women                    0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Native American men                            18                9.4               8                 9.2                18                 9.4
Native American women                           7                3.7               4                 4.6                10                 5.2
Unknown                                         0                0.0               0                 0.0                 1                 0.5
        a
Total                                          191            100.0               87              100.0               191               100.0
Minorities                                     42               22.0              20               23.0                 45               23.6
Men                                            130              68.1              51               58.6               115                60.2
Minority men                                   27               14.1              12               13.8                 27               14.1
Women                                          61               31.9              36               41.4                 75               39.3
Minority women                                 15                7.9               8                 9.2                18                 9.4
Source: GAO.

                                           Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                           Data File (CPDF) data.
                                           a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                           Page 63                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                           Appendix II
                                           Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                           and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 45: Department of the Interior—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of GS-15s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those Estimated to
Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those Departing Are
Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                             As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                           Remaining after                    with replacements at
                                          On board on                     estimated attrition                  promotion rates for
                                         October 1, 2000                  on October 1, 2007                 fiscal years 1995-2000
GS-15                                   Number         Percentage          Number          Percentage            Number          Percentage
White men                                      928              71.2            404                66.3               837                64.1
White women                                    198              15.2            111                18.2               249                19.1
African-American men                           32                2.5              15                 2.5                31                 2.4
African-American women                         18                1.4              10                 1.6                26                 2.0
Hispanic men                                   14                1.1               8                 1.3                15                 1.1
Hispanic women                                  3                0.2               1                 0.2                 5                 0.4
Asian/Pacific Islander men                     16                1.2               8                 1.3                12                 0.9
Asian/Pacific Islander women                    4                0.3               1                 0.2                 6                 0.5
Native American men                            65                5.0              36                 5.9                88                 6.7
Native American women                          25                1.9              14                 2.3                34                 2.6
Unknown                                         1                0.1               1                 0.2                 2                 0.2
        a
Total                                      1,304              100.0             609               100.0             1,305               100.0
Minorities                                     177              13.6              93               15.3               217                16.6
Men                                        1,055                80.9            471                77.3               983                75.3
Minority men                                   127               9.7              67               11.0               146                11.2
Women                                          248              19.0            137                22.5               320                24.5
Minority women                                 50                3.8              26                 4.3                71                 5.4
Source: GAO.

                                           Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                           Data File (CPDF) data.
                                           a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                           Page 64                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                           Appendix II
                                           Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                           and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 46: Department of the Interior—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of GS-14s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those Estimated to
Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those Departing Are
Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                             As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                           Remaining after                    with replacements at
                                          On board on                     estimated attrition                  promotion rates for
                                         October 1, 2000                  on October 1, 2007                 fiscal years 1995-2000
GS-14                                   Number         Percentage          Number          Percentage            Number          Percentage
White men                                  1,859                63.9          1,075                60.8             1,720                59.1
White women                                    561              19.3            373                21.1               643                22.1
African-American men                           54                1.9              33                 1.9                56                 1.9
African-American women                         70                2.4              51                 2.9                84                 2.9
Hispanic men                                   61                2.1              39                 2.2                63                 2.2
Hispanic women                                 24                0.8              18                 1.0                27                 0.9
Asian/Pacific Islander men                     38                1.3              23                 1.3                32                 1.1
Asian/Pacific Islander women                   16                0.6              12                 0.7                19                 0.7
Native American men                            145               5.0              91                 5.1              168                  5.8
Native American women                          79                2.7              53                 3.0                94                 3.2
Unknown                                         1                0.0               1                 0.1                 2                 0.1
        a
Total                                      2,908              100.0           1,769               100.0             2,908               100.0
Minorities                                     487              16.7            320                18.1               543                18.7
Men                                        2,157                74.2          1,261                71.3             2,039                70.1
Minority men                                   298              10.2            186                10.5               319                11.0
Women                                          750              25.8            507                28.7               867                29.8
Minority women                                 189               6.5            134                  7.6              224                  7.7
Source: GAO.

                                           Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                           Data File (CPDF) data.
                                           a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                           Page 65                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                           Appendix II
                                           Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                           and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 47: Department of Justice—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of Career SES Corps, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those
Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those
Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                             As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                           Remaining after                    with replacements at
                                          On board on                     estimated attrition                appointment rates for
                                         October 1, 2000                  on October 1, 2007                 fiscal years 1995-2000
Career SES                              Number         Percentage          Number          Percentage            Number          Percentage
White men                                      270              66.3            123                61.2               257                63.0
White women                                    75               18.4              46               22.9                 82               20.1
African-American men                           24                5.9              12                 6.0                27                 6.6
African-American women                         13                3.2               8                 4.0                16                 3.9
Hispanic men                                   16                3.9               8                 4.0                17                 4.2
Hispanic women                                  2                0.5               1                 0.5                 2                 0.5
Asian/Pacific Islander men                      3                0.7               1                 0.5                 3                 0.7
Asian/Pacific Islander women                    2                0.5               1                 0.5                 2                 0.5
Native American men                             2                0.5               1                 0.5                 1                 0.2
Native American women                           0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Unknown                                         0                0.0               0                 0.0                 1                 0.2
        a
Total                                          407            100.0             201               100.0               408               100.0
Minorities                                     62               15.2              32               15.9                 68               16.7
Men                                            315              77.4            145                72.1               305                74.8
Minority men                                   45               11.1              22               10.9                 48               11.8
Women                                          92               22.6              56               27.9               102                25.0
Minority women                                 17                4.2              10                 5.0                20                 4.9
Source: GAO.

                                           Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                           Data File (CPDF) data.
                                           a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                           Page 66                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                           Appendix II
                                           Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                           and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 48: Department of Justice—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of GS-15s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those Estimated to
Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those Departing Are
Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                             As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                           Remaining after                    with replacements at
                                          On board on                     estimated attrition                  promotion rates for
                                         October 1, 2000                  on October 1, 2007                 fiscal years 1995-2000
GS-15                                   Number         Percentage          Number          Percentage            Number          Percentage
White men                                  2,132                56.0          1,306                54.8             2,019                53.1
White women                                1,091                28.7            712                29.9             1,134                29.8
African-American men                           125               3.3              80                 3.4              137                  3.6
African-American women                         139               3.7              90                 3.8              150                  3.9
Hispanic men                                   129               3.4              82                 3.4              144                  3.8
Hispanic women                                 62                1.6              40                 1.7                74                 1.9
Asian/Pacific Islander men                     58                1.5              33                 1.4                66                 1.7
Asian/Pacific Islander women                   48                1.3              29                 1.2                56                 1.5
Native American men                            11                0.3               6                 0.3                11                 0.3
Native American women                           6                0.2               4                 0.2                 7                 0.2
Unknown                                         3                0.1               3                 0.1                 5                 0.1
        a
Total                                      3,804              100.0           2,385               100.0             3,803               100.0
Minorities                                     578              15.2            364                15.3               645                17.0
Men                                        2,455                64.5          1,507                63.2             2,377                62.5
Minority men                                   323               8.5            201                  8.4              358                  9.4
Women                                      1,346                35.4            875                36.7             1,421                37.4
Minority women                                 255               6.7            163                  6.8              287                  7.5
Source: GAO.

                                           Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                           Data File (CPDF) data.
                                           a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                           Page 67                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                           Appendix II
                                           Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                           and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 49: Department of Justice—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of GS-14s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those Estimated to
Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those Departing Are
Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                             As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                           Remaining after                    with replacements at
                                          On board on                     estimated attrition                  promotion rates for
                                         October 1, 2000                  on October 1, 2007                 fiscal years 1995-2000
GS-14                                   Number         Percentage          Number          Percentage            Number          Percentage
White men                                  2,288                53.3          1,681                53.2             2,219                51.7
White women                                1,035                24.1            737                23.3             1,059                24.7
African-American men                           235               5.5            179                  5.7              230                  5.4
African-American women                         256               6.0            192                  6.1              266                  6.2
Hispanic men                                   247               5.8            190                  6.0              249                  5.8
Hispanic women                                 76                1.8              57                 1.8                86                 2.0
Asian/Pacific Islander men                     65                1.5              54                 1.7                76                 1.8
Asian/Pacific Islander women                   52                1.2              36                 1.1                60                 1.4
Native American men                            23                0.5              20                 0.6                26                 0.6
Native American women                           6                0.1               4                 0.1                 7                 0.2
Unknown                                        10                0.2              10                 0.3                14                 0.3
        a
Total                                      4,293              100.0           3,160               100.0             4,292               100.0
Minorities                                     960              22.4            732                23.2             1,000                23.3
Men                                        2,858                66.6          2,124                67.2             2,800                65.2
Minority men                                   570              13.3            443                14.0               581                13.5
Women                                      1,425                33.2          1,026                32.5             1,478                34.4
Minority women                                 390               9.1            289                  9.1              419                  9.8
Source: GAO.

                                           Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                           Data File (CPDF) data.
                                           a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                           Page 68                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                           Appendix II
                                           Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                           and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 50: Department of Labor—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of Career SES Corps, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those
Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those
Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                             As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                           Remaining after                    with replacements at
                                          On board on                     estimated attrition                appointment rates for
                                         October 1, 2000                  on October 1, 2007                 fiscal years 1995-2000
Career SES                              Number         Percentage          Number          Percentage            Number          Percentage
White men                                      76               57.6              27               51.9                 63               48.1
White women                                    28               21.2              14               26.9                 34               26.0
African-American men                           13                9.8               5                 9.6                18               13.7
African-American women                          8                6.1               4                 7.7                 9                 6.9
Hispanic men                                    6                4.5               2                 3.8                 7                 5.3
Hispanic women                                  0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Asian/Pacific Islander men                      0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Asian/Pacific Islander women                    0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Native American men                             0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Native American women                           1                0.8               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Unknown                                         0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
        a
Total                                          132            100.0               52              100.0               131               100.0
Minorities                                     28               21.2              11               21.2                 34               26.0
Men                                            95               72.0              34               65.4                 88               67.2
Minority men                                   19               14.4               7               13.5                 25               19.1
Women                                          37               28.0              18               34.6                 43               32.8
Minority women                                  9                6.8               4                 7.7                 9                 6.9
Source: GAO.

                                           Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                           Data File (CPDF) data.
                                           a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                           Page 69                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                           Appendix II
                                           Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                           and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 51: Department of Labor—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of GS-15s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those Estimated to
Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those Departing Are
Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                             As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                           Remaining after                    with replacements at
                                          On board on                     estimated attrition                  promotion rates for
                                         October 1, 2000                  on October 1, 2007                 fiscal years 1995-2000
GS-15                                   Number         Percentage          Number          Percentage            Number          Percentage
White men                                      378              60.4            180                57.7               341                54.2
White women                                    148              23.6              77               24.7               165                26.2
African-American men                           31                5.0              18                 5.8                38                 6.0
African-American women                         33                5.3              20                 6.4                44                 7.0
Hispanic men                                   14                2.2               5                 1.6                13                 2.1
Hispanic women                                  8                1.3               5                 1.6                12                 1.9
Asian/Pacific Islander men                      2                0.3               1                 0.3                 3                 0.5
Asian/Pacific Islander women                    8                1.3               4                 1.3                 7                 1.1
Native American men                             2                0.3               1                 0.3                 4                 0.6
Native American women                           2                0.3               1                 0.3                 2                 0.3
Unknown                                         0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
        a
Total                                          626            100.0             312               100.0               629               100.0
Minorities                                     100              16.0              55               17.6               123                19.6
Men                                            427              68.2            205                65.7               399                63.4
Minority men                                   49                7.8              25                 8.0                58                 9.2
Women                                          199              31.8            107                34.3               230                36.6
Minority women                                 51                8.1              30                 9.6                65               10.3
Source: GAO.

                                           Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                           Data File (CPDF) data.
                                           a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                           Page 70                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                           Appendix II
                                           Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                           and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 52: Department of Labor—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of GS-14s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those Estimated to
Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those Departing Are
Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                             As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                           Remaining after                    with replacements at
                                          On board on                     estimated attrition                  promotion rates for
                                         October 1, 2000                  on October 1, 2007                 fiscal years 1995-2000
GS-14                                   Number         Percentage          Number          Percentage            Number          Percentage
White men                                      728              50.7            420                47.5               660                46.0
White women                                    381              26.5            256                28.9               421                29.3
African-American men                           87                6.1              54                 6.1                89                 6.2
African-American women                         128               8.9              81                 9.2              140                  9.7
Hispanic men                                   46                3.2              28                 3.2                52                 3.6
Hispanic women                                 22                1.5              16                 1.8                27                 1.9
Asian/Pacific Islander men                     25                1.7              17                 1.9                25                 1.7
Asian/Pacific Islander women                    7                0.5               5                 0.6                 9                 0.6
Native American men                             9                0.6               6                 0.7                 8                 0.6
Native American women                           4                0.3               2                 0.2                 4                 0.3
Unknown                                         0                0.0               0                 0.0                 1                 0.1
        a
Total                                      1,437              100.0             885               100.0             1,436               100.0
Minorities                                     328              22.8            209                23.6               354                24.7
Men                                            895              62.3            525                59.3               834                58.1
Minority men                                   167              11.6            105                11.9               174                12.1
Women                                          542              37.7            360                40.7               601                41.9
Minority women                                 161              11.2            104                11.8               180                12.5
Source: GAO.

                                           Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                           Data File (CPDF) data.
                                           a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                           Page 71                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                          Appendix II
                                          Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                          and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 53: National Aeronautics and Space Administration—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of Career SES Corps, Actual as of
October 1, 2000; Those Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for
October 1, 2007, if Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                            As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                          Remaining after                    with replacements at
                                         On board on                     estimated attrition                appointment rates for
                                        October 1, 2000                  on October 1, 2007                 fiscal years 1995-2000
Career SES                              Number        Percentage          Number          Percentage            Number          Percentage
White men                                     280              71.1            121                66.1               269                68.1
White women                                   62               15.7              38               20.8                 75               19.0
African-American men                          18                4.6               8                 4.4                15                 3.8
African-American women                        11                2.8               6                 3.3                13                 3.3
Hispanic men                                   7                1.8               4                 2.2                 7                 1.8
Hispanic women                                 2                0.5               1                 0.5                 3                 0.8
Asian/Pacific Islander men                     9                2.3               4                 2.2                 9                 2.3
Asian/Pacific Islander women                   1                0.3               0                 0.0                 2                 0.5
Native American men                            3                0.8               1                 0.5                 2                 0.5
Native American women                          1                0.3               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Unknown                                        0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
        a
Total                                         394            100.0             183               100.0               395               100.0
Minorities                                    52               13.2              24               13.1                 51               12.9
Men                                           317              80.5            138                75.4               302                76.5
Minority men                                  37                9.4              17                 9.3                33                 8.4
Women                                         77               19.5              45               24.6                 93               23.5
Minority women                                15                3.8               7                 3.8                18                 4.6
Source: GAO.

                                          Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                          Data File (CPDF) data.
                                          a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                          Page 72                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                          Appendix II
                                          Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                          and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 54: National Aeronautics and Space Administration—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of GS-15s, Actual as of October 1, 2000;
Those Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if
Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                            As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                           Remaining after                   with replacements at
                                          On board on                     estimated attrition                 promotion rates for
                                         October 1, 2000                  on October 1, 2007                fiscal years 1995-2000
GS-15                                   Number         Percentage         Number          Percentage            Number          Percentage
White men                                     1,890            74.4             970               69.5             1,755                69.0
White women                                    318             12.5             209               15.0               385                15.1
African-American men                            63               2.5             39                 2.8                77                 3.0
African-American women                          23               0.9             17                 1.2                32                 1.3
Hispanic men                                    61               2.4             43                 3.1                83                 3.3
Hispanic women                                  19               0.7             13                 0.9                25                 1.0
Asian/Pacific Islander men                     124               4.9             76                 5.4              131                  5.2
Asian/Pacific Islander women                    26               1.0             19                 1.4                36                 1.4
Native American men                             13               0.5              6                 0.4                11                 0.4
Native American women                            1               0.0              0                 0.0                 2                 0.1
Unknown                                          3               0.1              3                 0.2                 5                 0.2
        a
Total                                         2,541           100.0           1,395              100.0             2,542               100.0
Minorities                                     330             13.0             213               15.3               397                15.6
Men                                           2,151            84.7           1,134               81.3             2,057                80.9
Minority men                                   261             10.3             164               11.8               302                11.9
Women                                          387             15.2             258               18.5               480                18.9
Minority women                                  69               2.7             49                 3.5                95                 3.7
Source: GAO.

                                          Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                          Data File (CPDF) data.
                                          a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                          Page 73                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                          Appendix II
                                          Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                          and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 55: National Aeronautics and Space Administration—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of GS-14s, Actual as of October 1, 2000;
Those Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if
Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                            As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                           Remaining after                   with replacements at
                                          On board on                     estimated attrition                 promotion rates for
                                         October 1, 2000                  on October 1, 2007                fiscal years 1995-2000
GS-14                                   Number         Percentage         Number          Percentage            Number          Percentage
White men                                     2,588            69.0           1,797               65.8             2,428                64.7
White women                                    574             15.3             456               16.7               658                17.5
African-American men                           123               3.3            100                 3.7              137                  3.7
African-American women                          80               2.1             66                 2.4                98                 2.6
Hispanic men                                   125               3.3            101                 3.7              137                  3.7
Hispanic women                                  34               0.9             29                 1.1                43                 1.1
Asian/Pacific Islander men                     160               4.3            127                 4.7              173                  4.6
Asian/Pacific Islander women                    37               1.0             31                 1.1                46                 1.2
Native American men                             21               0.6             17                 0.6                23                 0.6
Native American women                            8               0.2              6                 0.2                 9                 0.2
Unknown                                          0               0.0              0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
        a
Total                                         3,750           100.0           2,730              100.0             3,752               100.0
Minorities                                     588             15.7             477               17.5               666                17.8
Men                                           3,017            80.5           2,142               78.5             2,898                77.2
Minority men                                   429             11.4             345               12.6               470                12.5
Women                                          733             19.5             588               21.5               854                22.8
Minority women                                 159               4.2            132                 4.8              196                  5.2
Source: GAO.

                                          Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                          Data File (CPDF) data.
                                          a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                          Page 74                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                           Appendix II
                                           Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                           and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 56: Nuclear Regulatory Commission—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of Career SES Corps, Actual as of October 1, 2000;
Those Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if
Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                             As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                           Remaining after                    with replacements at
                                          On board on                     estimated attrition                appointment rates for
                                         October 1, 2000                  on October 1, 2007                 fiscal years 1995-2000
Career SES                              Number         Percentage          Number          Percentage            Number          Percentage
White men                                      107              77.0              54               80.6               107                77.0
White women                                    16               11.5               9               13.4                 20               14.4
African-American men                            7                5.0               2                 3.0                 3                 2.2
African-American women                          2                1.4               0                 0.0                 3                 2.2
Hispanic men                                    2                1.4               1                 1.5                 1                 0.7
Hispanic women                                  0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Asian/Pacific Islander men                      4                2.9               1                 1.5                 4                 2.9
Asian/Pacific Islander women                    1                0.7               0                 0.0                 1                 0.7
Native American men                             0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Native American women                           0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Unknown                                         0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
        a
Total                                          139            100.0               67              100.0               139               100.0
Minorities                                     16               11.5               4                 6.0                12                 8.6
Men                                            120              86.3              58               86.6               115                82.7
Minority men                                   13                9.4               4                 6.0                 8                 5.8
Women                                          19               13.7               9               13.4                 24               17.3
Minority women                                  3                2.2               0                 0.0                 4                 2.9
Source: GAO.

                                           Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                           Data File (CPDF) data.
                                           a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                           Page 75                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                           Appendix II
                                           Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                           and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 57: Nuclear Regulatory Commission—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of GS-15s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those
Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those
Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                             As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                           Remaining after                    with replacements at
                                          On board on                     estimated attrition                  promotion rates for
                                         October 1, 2000                  on October 1, 2007                 fiscal years 1995-2000
GS-15                                   Number         Percentage          Number          Percentage            Number          Percentage
White men                                      453              70.7            226                67.5               411                64.0
White women                                    81               12.6              51               15.2               115                17.9
African-American men                           18                2.8              12                 3.6                26                 4.0
African-American women                         16                2.5              10                 3.0                19                 3.0
Hispanic men                                    4                0.6               2                 0.6                 4                 0.6
Hispanic women                                  2                0.3               1                 0.3                 3                 0.5
Asian/Pacific Islander men                     56                8.7              26                 7.8                46                 7.2
Asian/Pacific Islander women                    8                1.2               6                 1.8                14                 2.2
Native American men                             3                0.5               1                 0.3                 4                 0.6
Native American women                           0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Unknown                                         0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
        a
Total                                          641            100.0             335               100.0               642               100.0
Minorities                                     107              16.7              58               17.3               116                18.1
Men                                            534              83.3            267                79.7               491                76.5
Minority men                                   81               12.6              41               12.2                 80               12.5
Women                                          107              16.7              68               20.3               151                23.5
Minority women                                 26                4.1              17                 5.1                36                 5.6
Source: GAO.

                                           Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                           Data File (CPDF) data.
                                           a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                           Page 76                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                           Appendix II
                                           Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                           and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 58: Nuclear Regulatory Commission—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of GS-14s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those
Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those
Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                             As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                           Remaining after                    with replacements at
                                          On board on                     estimated attrition                  promotion rates for
                                         October 1, 2000                  on October 1, 2007                 fiscal years 1995-2000
GS-14                                   Number         Percentage          Number          Percentage            Number          Percentage
White men                                      467              65.0            321                64.7               452                63.0
White women                                    128              17.8              89               17.9               141                19.7
African-American men                           27                3.8              20                 4.0                29                 4.0
African-American women                         21                2.9              17                 3.4                28                 3.9
Hispanic men                                   14                1.9              11                 2.2                17                 2.4
Hispanic women                                  2                0.3               1                 0.2                 2                 0.3
Asian/Pacific Islander men                     52                7.2              31                 6.3                37                 5.2
Asian/Pacific Islander women                    8                1.1               6                 1.2                11                 1.5
Native American men                             0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Native American women                           0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Unknown                                         0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
        a
Total                                          719            100.0             496               100.0               717               100.0
Minorities                                     124              17.2              86               17.3               124                17.3
Men                                            560              77.9            383                77.2               535                74.6
Minority men                                   93               12.9              62               12.5                 83               11.6
Women                                          159              22.1            113                22.8               182                25.4
Minority women                                 31                4.3              24                 4.8                41                 5.7
Source: GAO.

                                           Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                           Data File (CPDF) data.
                                           a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                           Page 77                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                          Appendix II
                                          Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                          and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 59: National Science Foundation—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of Career SES Corps, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those
Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those
Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                            As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                          Remaining after                    with replacements at
                                          On board on                    estimated attrition                appointment rates for
                                         October 1, 2000                 on October 1, 2007                 fiscal years 1995-2000
Career SES                             Number         Percentage          Number          Percentage            Number          Percentage
White men                                     46               58.2              19               57.6                 46               57.5
White women                                   22               27.8              11               33.3                 26               32.5
African-American men                           5                6.3               2                 6.1                 5                 6.3
African-American women                         1                1.3               0                 0.0                 1                 1.3
Hispanic men                                   1                1.3               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Hispanic women                                 0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Asian/Pacific Islander men                     3                3.8               1                 3.0                 1                 1.3
Asian/Pacific Islander women                   1                1.3               0                 0.0                 1                 1.3
Native American men                            0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Native American women                          0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Unknown                                        0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
        a
Total                                         79             100.0               33              100.0                 80              100.0
Minorities                                    11               13.9               3                 9.1                 8               10.0
Men                                           55               69.6              22               66.7                 52               65.0
Minority men                                   9               11.4               3                 9.1                 6                 7.5
Women                                         24               30.4              11               33.3                 28               35.0
Minority women                                 2                2.5               0                 0.0                 2                 2.5
Source: GAO.

                                          Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                          Data File (CPDF) data.
                                          a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                          Page 78                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                          Appendix II
                                          Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                          and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 60: National Science Foundation—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of GS-15s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those Estimated
to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those Departing
Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                            As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                          Remaining after                    with replacements at
                                          On board on                    estimated attrition                  promotion rates for
                                         October 1, 2000                 on October 1, 2007                 fiscal years 1995-2000
GS-15                                   Number        Percentage          Number          Percentage            Number          Percentage
White men                                     36               43.9              14               40.0                 31               38.3
White women                                   33               40.2              17               48.6                 38               46.9
African-American men                           4                4.9               2                 5.7                 4                 4.9
African-American women                         4                4.9               2                 5.7                 6                 7.4
Hispanic men                                   0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Hispanic women                                 1                1.2               0                 0.0                 1                 1.2
Asian/Pacific Islander men                     1                1.2               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Asian/Pacific Islander women                   2                2.4               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Native American men                            1                1.2               0                 0.0                 1                 1.2
Native American women                          0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Unknown                                        0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
        a
Total                                         82             100.0               35              100.0                 81              100.0
Minorities                                    13               15.9               4               11.4                 12               14.8
Men                                           42               51.2              16               45.7                 36               44.4
Minority men                                   6                7.3               2                 5.7                 5                 6.2
Women                                         40               48.8              19               54.3                 45               55.6
Minority women                                 7                8.5               2                 5.7                 7                 8.6
Source: GAO.

                                          Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                          Data File (CPDF) data.
                                          a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                          Page 79                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                          Appendix II
                                          Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                          and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 61: National Science Foundation—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of GS-14s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those Estimated
to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those Departing
Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                            As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                          Remaining after                    with replacements at
                                          On board on                    estimated attrition                  promotion rates for
                                         October 1, 2000                 on October 1, 2007                 fiscal years 1995-2000
GS-14                                   Number        Percentage          Number          Percentage            Number          Percentage
White men                                     31               38.8              21               40.4                 30               37.5
White women                                   31               38.8              19               36.5                 30               37.5
African-American men                           3                3.8               1                 1.9                 1                 1.3
African-American women                        10               12.5               8               15.4                 13               16.3
Hispanic men                                   1                1.3               1                 1.9                 2                 2.5
Hispanic women                                 1                1.3               0                 0.0                 1                 1.3
Asian/Pacific Islander men                     0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Asian/Pacific Islander women                   3                3.8               2                 3.8                 3                 3.8
Native American men                            0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Native American women                          0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Unknown                                        0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
        a
Total                                         80             100.0               52              100.0                 80              100.0
Minorities                                    18               22.5              12               23.1                 20               25.0
Men                                           35               43.8              23               44.2                 33               41.3
Minority men                                   4                5.0               2                 3.8                 3                 3.8
Women                                         45               56.3              29               55.8                 47               58.8
Minority women                                14               17.5              10               19.2                 17               21.3
Source: GAO.

                                          Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                          Data File (CPDF) data.
                                          a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                          Page 80                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                           Appendix II
                                           Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                           and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 62: Office of Personnel Management—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of Career SES Corps, Actual as of October 1, 2000;
Those Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if
Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                             As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                           Remaining after                    with replacements at
                                          On board on                     estimated attrition                appointment rates for
                                         October 1, 2000                  on October 1, 2007                 fiscal years 1995-2000
Career SES                              Number         Percentage          Number          Percentage             Number         Percentage
White men                                      17               47.2               5               41.7                 15               42.9
White women                                    12               33.3               6               50.0                 14               40.0
African-American men                           2                 5.6               0                 0.0                  1                2.9
African-American women                         1                 2.8               0                 0.0                  0                0.0
Hispanic men                                   2                 5.6               1                 8.3                  3                8.6
Hispanic women                                 1                 2.8               0                 0.0                  1                2.9
Asian/Pacific Islander men                     0                 0.0               0                 0.0                  0                0.0
Asian/Pacific Islander women                   0                 0.0               0                 0.0                  0                0.0
Native American men                            0                 0.0               0                 0.0                  0                0.0
Native American women                          1                 2.8               0                 0.0                  1                2.9
Unknown                                        0                 0.0               0                 0.0                  0                0.0
        a
Total                                          36             100.0               12              100.0                 35              100.0
Minorities                                     7                19.4               1                 8.3                 6               17.1
Men                                            21               58.3               6               50.0                 19               54.3
Minority men                                   4                11.1               1                 8.3                 4               11.4
Women                                          15               41.7               6               50.0                 16               45.7
Minority women                                 3                 8.3               0                 0.0                 2                 5.7
Source: GAO.

                                           Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                           Data File (CPDF) data.
                                           a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                           Page 81                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                           Appendix II
                                           Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                           and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 63: Office of Personnel Management—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of GS-15s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those
Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those
Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                             As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                           Remaining after                    with replacements at
                                          On board on                     estimated attrition                  promotion rates for
                                         October 1, 2000                  on October 1, 2007                 fiscal years 1995-2000
GS-15                                   Number         Percentage          Number          Percentage            Number          Percentage
White men                                      62               58.5              29               59.2                 55               51.9
White women                                    26               24.5              11               22.4                 29               27.4
African-American men                            7                6.6               3                 6.1                 7                 6.6
African-American women                          5                4.7               3                 6.1                 6                 5.7
Hispanic men                                    3                2.8               1                 2.0                 3                 2.8
Hispanic women                                  3                2.8               2                 4.1                 5                 4.7
Asian/Pacific Islander men                      0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Asian/Pacific Islander women                    0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Native American men                             0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
Native American women                           0                0.0               0                 0.0                 1                 0.9
Unknown                                         0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
        a
Total                                          106            100.0               49              100.0               106               100.0
Minorities                                     18               17.0               9               18.4                 22               20.8
Men                                            72               67.9              33               67.3                 65               61.3
Minority men                                   10                9.4               4                 8.2                10                 9.4
Women                                          34               32.1              16               32.7                 41               38.7
Minority women                                  8                7.5               5               10.2                 12               11.3
Source: GAO.

                                           Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                           Data File (CPDF) data.
                                           a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                           Page 82                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                           Appendix II
                                           Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                           and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 64: Office of Personnel Management—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of GS-14s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those
Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those
Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                             As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                           Remaining after                    with replacements at
                                          On board on                     estimated attrition                  promotion rates for
                                         October 1, 2000                  on October 1, 2007                 fiscal years 1995-2000
GS-14                                   Number         Percentage          Number          Percentage             Number         Percentage
White men                                      96               43.2              52               38.0                 83               37.6
White women                                    73               32.9              49               35.8                 80               36.2
African-American men                           14                6.3              10                 7.3                15                 6.8
African-American women                         22                9.9              15               10.9                 23               10.4
Hispanic men                                    7                3.2               4                 2.9                  8                3.6
Hispanic women                                  4                1.8               3                 2.2                  5                2.3
Asian/Pacific Islander men                      4                1.8               3                 2.2                  5                2.3
Asian/Pacific Islander women                    2                0.9               1                 0.7                  2                0.9
Native American men                             0                0.0               0                 0.0                  0                0.0
Native American women                           0                0.0               0                 0.0                  0                0.0
Unknown                                         0                0.0               0                 0.0                  0                0.0
        a
Total                                          222            100.0             137               100.0                221              100.0
Minorities                                     53               23.9              36               26.3                 58               26.2
Men                                            121              54.5              69               50.4                111               50.2
Minority men                                   25               11.3              17               12.4                 28               12.7
Women                                          101              45.5              68               49.6                110               49.8
Minority women                                 28               12.6              19               13.9                 30               13.6
Source: GAO.

                                           Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                           Data File (CPDF) data.
                                           a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                           Page 83                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                           Appendix II
                                           Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                           and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 65: Small Business Administration—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of Career SES Corps, Actual as of October 1, 2000;
Those Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if
Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                             As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                           Remaining after                    with replacements at
                                          On board on                     estimated attrition                appointment rates for
                                         October 1, 2000                  on October 1, 2007                 fiscal years 1995-2000
Career SES                              Number         Percentage          Number          Percentage             Number         Percentage
White men                                      18               46.2               8               44.4                 18               43.9
White women                                    8                20.5               4               22.2                   9              22.0
African-American men                           6                15.4               3               16.7                   5              12.2
African-American women                         4                10.3               2               11.1                   4                9.8
Hispanic men                                   2                 5.1               1                 5.6                  3                7.3
Hispanic women                                 1                 2.6               0                 0.0                  2                4.9
Asian/Pacific Islander men                     0                 0.0               0                 0.0                  0                0.0
Asian/Pacific Islander women                   0                 0.0               0                 0.0                  0                0.0
Native American men                            0                 0.0               0                 0.0                  0                0.0
Native American women                          0                 0.0               0                 0.0                  0                0.0
Unknown                                        0                 0.0               0                 0.0                  0                0.0
        a
Total                                          39             100.0               18              100.0                 41              100.0
Minorities                                     13               33.3               6               33.3                 14               34.1
Men                                            26               66.7              12               66.7                 26               63.4
Minority men                                   8                20.5               4               22.2                   8              19.5
Women                                          13               33.3               6               33.3                 15               36.6
Minority women                                 5                12.8               2               11.1                   6              14.6
Source: GAO.

                                           Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                           Data File (CPDF) data.
                                           a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                           Page 84                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                           Appendix II
                                           Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                           and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 66: Small Business Administration—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of GS-15s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those
Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those
Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                             As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                           Remaining after                    with replacements at
                                          On board on                     estimated attrition                  promotion rates for
                                         October 1, 2000                  on October 1, 2007                 fiscal years 1995-2000
GS-15                                   Number         Percentage          Number          Percentage             Number         Percentage
White men                                      99               55.3              44               51.2                 83               46.4
White women                                    36               20.1              18               20.9                 42               23.5
African-American men                           13                7.3               6                 7.0                16                 8.9
African-American women                         11                6.1               7                 8.1                17                 9.5
Hispanic men                                   11                6.1               6                 7.0                11                 6.1
Hispanic women                                  4                2.2               2                 2.3                  4                2.2
Asian/Pacific Islander men                      2                1.1               1                 1.2                  1                0.6
Asian/Pacific Islander women                    0                0.0               0                 0.0                  0                0.0
Native American men                             3                1.7               2                 2.3                  3                1.7
Native American women                           0                0.0               0                 0.0                  1                0.6
Unknown                                         0                0.0               0                 0.0                  1                0.6
        a
Total                                          179            100.0               86              100.0                179              100.0
Minorities                                     44               24.6              24               27.9                 53               29.6
Men                                            128              71.5              59               68.6                114               63.7
Minority men                                   29               16.2              15               17.4                 31               17.3
Women                                          51               28.5              27               31.4                 64               35.8
Minority women                                 15                8.4               9               10.5                 22               12.3
Source: GAO.

                                           Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                           Data File (CPDF) data.
                                           a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                           Page 85                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                           Appendix II
                                           Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                           and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 67: Small Business Administration—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of GS-14s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those
Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those
Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                              As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                            Remaining after                    with replacements at
                                          On board on                      estimated attrition                  promotion rates for
                                         October 1, 2000                   on October 1, 2007                 fiscal years 1995-2000
GS-14                                   Number         Percentage           Number          Percentage            Number         Percentage
White men                                      186              50.4             111                45.7               167               45.6
White women                                    92               24.9               64               26.3                95               26.0
African-American men                           26                7.0               20                 8.2               29                 7.9
African-American women                         27                7.3               21                 8.6               33                 9.0
Hispanic men                                   13                3.5                8                 3.3               13                 3.6
Hispanic women                                 10                2.7                8                 3.3               13                 3.6
Asian/Pacific Islander men                      8                2.2                6                 2.5                 9                2.5
Asian/Pacific Islander women                    7                1.9                5                 2.1                 7                1.9
Native American men                             0                0.0                0                 0.0                 0                0.0
Native American women                           0                0.0                0                 0.0                 0                0.0
Unknown                                         0                0.0                0                 0.0                 0                0.0
        a
Total                                          369            100.0              243               100.0               366              100.0
Minorities                                     91               24.7               68               28.0               104               28.4
Men                                            233              63.1             145                59.7               218               59.6
Minority men                                   47               12.7               34               14.0                51               13.9
Women                                          136              36.9               98               40.3               148               40.4
Minority women                                 44               11.9               34               14.0                53               14.5
Source: GAO.

                                           Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                           Data File (CPDF) data.
                                           a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                           Page 86                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                          Appendix II
                                          Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                          and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 68: Social Security Administration—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of Career SES Corps, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those
Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those
Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                            As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                          Remaining after                    with replacements at
                                          On board on                    estimated attrition                appointment rates for
                                         October 1, 2000                 on October 1, 2007                 fiscal years 1995-2000
Career SES                              Number        Percentage          Number          Percentage             Number         Percentage
White men                                     56               47.5              20               43.5                 52               44.4
White women                                   23               19.5              11               23.9                 29               24.8
African-American men                          13               11.0               5               10.9                 13               11.1
African-American women                        12               10.2               6               13.0                 13               11.1
Hispanic men                                   7                5.9               2                 4.3                  4                3.4
Hispanic women                                 5                4.2               2                 4.3                  5                4.3
Asian/Pacific Islander men                     0                0.0               0                 0.0                  0                0.0
Asian/Pacific Islander women                   2                1.7               0                 0.0                  1                0.9
Native American men                            0                0.0               0                 0.0                  0                0.0
Native American women                          0                0.0               0                 0.0                  0                0.0
Unknown                                        0                0.0               0                 0.0                  0                0.0
        a
Total                                         118            100.0               46              100.0                117              100.0
Minorities                                    39               33.1              15               32.6                 36               30.8
Men                                           76               64.4              27               58.7                 69               59.0
Minority men                                  20               16.9               7               15.2                 17               14.5
Women                                         42               35.6              19               41.3                 48               41.0
Minority women                                19               16.1               8               17.4                 19               16.2
Source: GAO.

                                          Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                          Data File (CPDF) data.
                                          a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                          Page 87                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                          Appendix II
                                          Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                          and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 69: Social Security Administration—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of GS-15s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those Estimated
to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those Departing
Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                            As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                          Remaining after                    with replacements at
                                          On board on                    estimated attrition                  promotion rates for
                                         October 1, 2000                 on October 1, 2007                 fiscal years 1995-2000
GS-15                                   Number        Percentage          Number          Percentage             Number         Percentage
White men                                     267              53.7            118                50.9                256               51.5
White women                                   127              25.6              64               27.6                131               26.4
African-American men                          34                6.8              15                 6.5                34                 6.8
African-American women                        39                7.8              20                 8.6                42                 8.5
Hispanic men                                  15                3.0               8                 3.4                18                 3.6
Hispanic women                                 7                1.4               4                 1.7                  9                1.8
Asian/Pacific Islander men                     3                0.6               1                 0.4                  1                0.2
Asian/Pacific Islander women                   0                0.0               0                 0.0                  1                0.2
Native American men                            1                0.2               0                 0.0                  1                0.2
Native American women                          4                0.8               2                 0.9                  4                0.8
Unknown                                        0                0.0               0                 0.0                  0                0.0
        a
Total                                         497            100.0             232               100.0                497              100.0
Minorities                                    103              20.7              50               21.6                110               22.1
Men                                           320              64.4            142                61.2                310               62.4
Minority men                                  53               10.7              24               10.3                 54               10.9
Women                                         177              35.6              90               38.8                187               37.6
Minority women                                50               10.1              26               11.2                 56               11.3
Source: GAO.

                                          Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                          Data File (CPDF) data.
                                          a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                          Page 88                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                          Appendix II
                                          Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                          and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 70: Social Security Administration—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of GS-14s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those Estimated
to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those Departing
Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                            As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                          Remaining after                    with replacements at
                                          On board on                    estimated attrition                  promotion rates for
                                         October 1, 2000                 on October 1, 2007                 fiscal years 1995-2000
GS-14                                   Number        Percentage          Number          Percentage             Number         Percentage
White men                                     836              49.1            446                47.3                807               47.4
White women                                   450              26.4            252                26.8                470               27.6
African-American men                          99                5.8              60                 6.4                97                 5.7
African-American women                        162               9.5              90                 9.6               164                 9.6
Hispanic men                                  60                3.5              35                 3.7                66                 3.9
Hispanic women                                43                2.5              27                 2.9                46                 2.7
Asian/Pacific Islander men                    16                0.9              11                 1.2                17                 1.0
Asian/Pacific Islander women                  15                0.9              10                 1.1                17                 1.0
Native American men                           14                0.8               7                 0.7                11                 0.6
Native American women                          7                0.4               4                 0.4                  6                0.4
Unknown                                        0                0.0               0                 0.0                  0                0.0
        a
Total                                     1,702              100.0             942               100.0              1,701              100.0
Minorities                                    416              24.4            244                25.9                424               24.9
Men                                       1,025                60.2            559                59.3                998               58.7
Minority men                                  189              11.1            113                12.0                191               11.2
Women                                         677              39.8            383                40.7                703               41.3
Minority women                                227              13.3            131                13.9                233               13.7
Source: GAO.

                                          Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                          Data File (CPDF) data.
                                          a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                          Page 89                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                          Appendix II
                                          Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                          and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 71: Department of State—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of Career SES Corps, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those Estimated
to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those Departing
Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                            As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                          Remaining after                    with replacements at
                                         On board on                     estimated attrition                appointment rates for
                                        October 1, 2000                  on October 1, 2007                 fiscal years 1995-2000
Career SES                             Number         Percentage          Number          Percentage             Number         Percentage
White men                                     68               67.3              30               63.8                 67               67.0
White women                                   28               27.7              15               31.9                 30               30.0
African-American men                           0                0.0               0                 0.0                  0                0.0
African-American women                         1                1.0               0                 0.0                  0                0.0
Hispanic men                                   4                4.0               2                 4.3                  3                3.0
Hispanic women                                 0                0.0               0                 0.0                  0                0.0
Asian/Pacific Islander men                     0                0.0               0                 0.0                  0                0.0
Asian/Pacific Islander women                   0                0.0               0                 0.0                  0                0.0
Native American men                            0                0.0               0                 0.0                  0                0.0
Native American women                          0                0.0               0                 0.0                  0                0.0
Unknown                                        0                0.0               0                 0.0                  0                0.0
        a
Total                                         101            100.0               47              100.0                100              100.0
Minorities                                     5                5.0               2                 4.3                  3                3.0
Men                                           72               71.3              32               68.1                 70               70.0
Minority men                                   4                4.0               2                 4.3                  3                3.0
Women                                         29               28.7              15               31.9                 30               30.0
Minority women                                 1                1.0               0                 0.0                  0                0.0
Source: GAO.

                                          Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                          Data File (CPDF) data.
                                          a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                          Page 90                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                           Appendix II
                                           Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                           and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 72: Department of State—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of GS-15s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those Estimated to Remain
Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those Departing Are Replaced
at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                             As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                           Remaining after                    with replacements at
                                          On board on                     estimated attrition                  promotion rates for
                                         October 1, 2000                  on October 1, 2007                 fiscal years 1995-2000
GS-15                                   Number         Percentage          Number          Percentage            Number          Percentage
White men                                      972             61.3              555               60.1               944                59.6
White women                                    387             24.4              226               24.5               397                25.0
African-American men                            58              3.7               35                 3.8                57                 3.6
African-American women                          52              3.3               31                 3.4                53                 3.3
Hispanic men                                    46              2.9               29                 3.1                49                 3.1
Hispanic women                                  22              1.4               15                 1.6                24                 1.5
Asian/Pacific Islander men                      25              1.6               17                 1.8                32                 2.0
Asian/Pacific Islander women                    15              0.9               10                 1.1                16                 1.0
Native American men                              6              0.4                4                 0.4                10                 0.6
Native American women                            1              0.1                0                 0.0                 1                 0.1
Unknown                                          2              0.1                2                 0.2                 2                 0.1
        a
Total                                      1,586              100.0              924              100.0             1,585               100.0
Minorities                                     225             14.2              141               15.3               242                15.3
Men                                        1,107               69.8              640               69.3             1,092                68.9
Minority men                                   135              8.5               85                 9.2              148                  9.3
Women                                          477             30.1              282               30.5               491                31.0
Minority women                                  90              5.7               56                 6.1                94                 5.9
Source: GAO.

                                           Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                           Data File (CPDF) data.
                                           a
                                            Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                           Page 91                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                           Appendix II
                                           Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                           and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 73: Department of State—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of GS-14s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those Estimated to Remain
Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those Departing Are Replaced
at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                              As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                            Remaining after                    with replacements at
                                          On board on                      estimated attrition                  promotion rates for
                                         October 1, 2000                   on October 1, 2007                 fiscal years 1995-2000
GS-14                                   Number         Percentage          Number           Percentage           Number          Percentage
White men                                  1,584                62.3          1,197                 62.9            1,597                62.7
White women                                    598              23.5            431                 22.6              589                23.1
African-American men                           74                2.9              55                 2.9                73                 2.9
African-American women                         88                3.5              63                 3.3                83                 3.3
Hispanic men                                   67                2.6              55                 2.9                71                 2.8
Hispanic women                                 28                1.1              24                 1.3                31                 1.2
Asian/Pacific Islander men                     66                2.6              48                 2.5                62                 2.4
Asian/Pacific Islander women                   30                1.2              24                 1.3                31                 1.2
Native American men                             5                0.2               3                 0.2                 4                 0.2
Native American women                           4                0.2               3                 0.2                 5                 0.2
Unknown                                         0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
        a
Total                                      2,544              100.0           1,903                100.0            2,546               100.0
Minorities                                     362              14.2            275                 14.5              360                14.1
Men                                        1,796                70.6          1,358                 71.4            1,807                71.0
Minority men                                   212               8.3            161                  8.5              210                  8.2
Women                                          748              29.4            545                 28.6              739                29.0
Minority women                                 150               5.9            114                  6.0              150                  5.9
Source: GAO.

                                           Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                           Data File (CPDF) data.
                                           a
                                            Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                           Page 92                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                          Appendix II
                                          Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                          and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 74: Department of Transportation—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of Career SES Corps, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those
Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those
Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                            As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                          Remaining after                    with replacements at
                                         On board on                     estimated attrition                appointment rates for
                                        October 1, 2000                  on October 1, 2007                 fiscal years 1995-2000
Career SES                             Number         Percentage          Number          Percentage             Number         Percentage
White men                                     111              62.4              41               54.7                104               58.4
White women                                   41               23.0              23               30.7                 43               24.2
African-American men                          14                7.9               6                 8.0                16                 9.0
African-American women                         7                3.9               3                 4.0                  8                4.5
Hispanic men                                   0                0.0               0                 0.0                  1                0.6
Hispanic women                                 0                0.0               0                 0.0                  0                0.0
Asian/Pacific Islander men                     5                2.8               2                 2.7                  4                2.2
Asian/Pacific Islander women                   0                0.0               0                 0.0                  1                0.6
Native American men                            0                0.0               0                 0.0                  1                0.6
Native American women                          0                0.0               0                 0.0                  0                0.0
Unknown                                        0                0.0               0                 0.0                  0                0.0
        a
Total                                         178            100.0               75              100.0                178              100.0
Minorities                                    26               14.6              11               14.7                 31               17.4
Men                                           130              73.0              49               65.3                126               70.8
Minority men                                  19               10.7               8               10.7                 22               12.4
Women                                         48               27.0              26               34.7                 52               29.2
Minority women                                 7                3.9               3                 4.0                  9                5.1
Source: GAO.

                                          Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                          Data File (CPDF) data.
                                          a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                          Page 93                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                          Appendix II
                                          Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                          and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 75: Department of Transportation—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of GS-15s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those Estimated
to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those Departing
Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                            As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                          Remaining after                    with replacements at
                                         On board on                     estimated attrition                  promotion rates for
                                        October 1, 2000                  on October 1, 2007                 fiscal years 1995-2000
GS-15                                  Number         Percentage          Number          Percentage             Number         Percentage
White men                                     789              67.6            355                61.7                762               65.3
White women                                   196              16.8            115                20.0                197               16.9
African-American men                          60                5.1              32                 5.6                71                 6.1
African-American women                        41                3.5              25                 4.3                41                 3.5
Hispanic men                                  29                2.5              18                 3.1                39                 3.3
Hispanic women                                 5                0.4               3                 0.5                  6                0.5
Asian/Pacific Islander men                    26                2.2              15                 2.6                23                 2.0
Asian/Pacific Islander women                   8                0.7               6                 1.0                  9                0.8
Native American men                           11                0.9               5                 0.9                16                 1.4
Native American women                          2                0.2               1                 0.2                  2                0.2
Unknown                                        0                0.0               0                 0.0                  1                0.1
        a
Total                                     1,167              100.0             575               100.0              1,167              100.0
Minorities                                    182              15.6            105                18.3                207               17.7
Men                                           915              78.4            425                73.9                911               78.1
Minority men                                  126              10.8              70               12.2                149               12.8
Women                                         252              21.6            150                26.1                255               21.9
Minority women                                56                4.8              35                 6.1                58                 5.0
Source: GAO.

                                          Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                          Data File (CPDF) data.
                                          a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                          Page 94                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                          Appendix II
                                          Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                          and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 76: Department of Transportation—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of GS-14s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those Estimated
to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those Departing
Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                            As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                          Remaining after                    with replacements at
                                         On board on                     estimated attrition                  promotion rates for
                                        October 1, 2000                  on October 1, 2007                 fiscal years 1995-2000
GS-14                                  Number         Percentage          Number          Percentage             Number         Percentage
White men                                 3,289                66.3          2,062                63.1              3,290               66.3
White women                                   768              15.5            550                16.8                780               15.7
African-American men                          221               4.5            154                  4.7               224                 4.5
African-American women                        202               4.1            145                  4.4               182                 3.7
Hispanic men                                  181               3.6            139                  4.3               198                 4.0
Hispanic women                                51                1.0              45                 1.4                57                 1.1
Asian/Pacific Islander men                    150               3.0            102                  3.1               128                 2.6
Asian/Pacific Islander women                  29                0.6              21                 0.6                27                 0.5
Native American men                           52                1.0              33                 1.0                52                 1.0
Native American women                         15                0.3              11                 0.3                15                 0.3
Unknown                                        4                0.1               4                 0.1                  9                0.2
        a
Total                                     4,962              100.0           3,266               100.0              4,962              100.0
Minorities                                    901              18.2            650                19.9                883               17.8
Men                                       3,893                78.5          2,490                76.2              3,892               78.4
Minority men                                  604              12.2            428                13.1                602               12.1
Women                                     1,065                21.5            772                23.6              1,061               21.4
Minority women                                297               6.0            222                  6.8               281                 5.7
Source: GAO.

                                          Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                          Data File (CPDF) data.
                                          a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                          Page 95                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                           Appendix II
                                           Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                           and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 77: Department of the Treasury—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of Career SES Corps, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those
Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those
Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                             As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                           Remaining after                    with replacements at
                                          On board on                     estimated attrition                appointment rates for
                                         October 1, 2000                  on October 1, 2007                 fiscal years 1995-2000
Career SES                              Number         Percentage          Number          Percentage            Number          Percentage
White men                                      359              66.9            166                64.3               347                64.7
White women                                    109              20.3              58               22.5               113                21.1
African-American men                           42                7.8              21                 8.1                44                 8.2
African-American women                         11                2.0               5                 1.9                12                 2.2
Hispanic men                                    6                1.1               4                 1.6                 9                 1.7
Hispanic women                                  2                0.4               1                 0.4                 2                 0.4
Asian/Pacific Islander men                      4                0.7               2                 0.8                 5                 0.9
Asian/Pacific Islander women                    1                0.2               0                 0.0                 1                 0.2
Native American men                             1                0.2               0                 0.0                 1                 0.2
Native American women                           2                0.4               1                 0.4                 2                 0.4
Unknown                                         0                0.0               0                 0.0                 0                 0.0
        a
Total                                          537            100.0             258               100.0               536               100.0
Minorities                                     69               12.8              34               13.2                 76               14.2
Men                                            412              76.7            193                74.8               406                75.7
Minority men                                   53                9.9              27               10.5                 59               11.0
Women                                          125              23.3              65               25.2               130                24.3
Minority women                                 16                3.0               7                 2.7                17                 3.2
Source: GAO.

                                           Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                           Data File (CPDF) data.
                                           a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                           Page 96                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                          Appendix II
                                          Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                          and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 78: Department of the Treasury—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of GS-15s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those Estimated to
Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those Departing Are
Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                            As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                          Remaining after                    with replacements at
                                          On board on                    estimated attrition                  promotion rates for
                                         October 1, 2000                 on October 1, 2007                 fiscal years 1995-2000
GS-15                                   Number        Percentage          Number          Percentage            Number          Percentage
White men                                 1,844                59.8            957                56.0             1,721                55.8
White women                                   746              24.2            430                25.2               790                25.6
African-American men                          148               4.8            100                  5.9              175                  5.7
African-American women                        148               4.8              97                 5.7              174                  5.6
Hispanic men                                  85                2.8              54                 3.2                95                 3.1
Hispanic women                                27                0.9              17                 1.0                32                 1.0
Asian/Pacific Islander men                    46                1.5              27                 1.6                53                 1.7
Asian/Pacific Islander women                  18                0.6              13                 0.8                21                 0.7
Native American men                           12                0.4               7                 0.4                12                 0.4
Native American women                          6                0.2               3                 0.2                 4                 0.1
Unknown                                        3                0.1               3                 0.2                 6                 0.2
        a
Total                                     3,083              100.0           1,708               100.0             3,083               100.0
Minorities                                    490              15.9            318                18.6               566                18.4
Men                                       2,135                69.3          1,145                67.0             2,056                66.7
Minority men                                  291               9.4            188                11.0               335                10.9
Women                                         945              30.7            560                32.8             1,021                33.1
Minority women                                199               6.5            130                  7.6              231                  7.5
Source: GAO.

                                          Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                          Data File (CPDF) data.
                                          a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                          Page 97                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                          Appendix II
                                          Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                          and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 79: Department of the Treasury—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of GS-14s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those Estimated to
Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those Departing Are
Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                            As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                          Remaining after                    with replacements at
                                          On board on                    estimated attrition                  promotion rates for
                                         October 1, 2000                 on October 1, 2007                 fiscal years 1995-2000
GS-14                                   Number        Percentage          Number          Percentage            Number          Percentage
White men                                 4,902                55.5          3,145                52.5             4,561                51.6
White women                               2,219                25.1          1,523                25.4             2,330                26.4
African-American men                          417               4.7            321                  5.4              473                  5.4
African-American women                        583               6.6            451                  7.5              665                7.53
Hispanic men                                  286               3.2            222                  3.7              321                  3.6
Hispanic women                                114               1.3              89                 1.5              134                  1.5
Asian/Pacific Islander men                    149               1.7            111                  1.9              156                  1.8
Asian/Pacific Islander women                  95                1.1              76                 1.3              115                  1.3
Native American men                           46                0.5              34                 0.6                47                 0.5
Native American women                         16                0.2              12                 0.2                18                 0.2
Unknown                                        5                0.1               5                 0.1                12                 0.1
        a
Total                                     8,832              100.0           5,989               100.0             8,832               100.0
Minorities                                1,706                19.3          1,316                22.0             1,929                21.8
Men                                       5,800                65.7          3,833                64.0             5,558                62.9
Minority men                                  898              10.2            688                11.5               997                11.3
Women                                     3,027                34.3          2,151                35.9             3,262                36.9
Minority women                                808               9.1            628                10.5               932                10.6
Source: GAO.

                                          Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                          Data File (CPDF) data.
                                          a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                          Page 98                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                           Appendix II
                                           Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                           and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 80: Department of Veterans Affairs—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of Career SES Corps, Actual as of October 1, 2000;
Those Estimated to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if
Those Departing Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                             As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                           Remaining after                    with replacements at
                                          On board on                     estimated attrition                appointment rates for
                                         October 1, 2000                  on October 1, 2007                 fiscal years 1995-2000
Career SES                              Number         Percentage          Number          Percentage             Number         Percentage
White men                                      190              76.9              68               73.1                171               69.0
White women                                    31               12.6              15               16.1                 43               17.3
African-American men                           12                4.9               4                 4.3                15                 6.0
African-American women                          4                1.6               2                 2.2                  7                2.8
Hispanic men                                    3                1.2               1                 1.1                  1                0.4
Hispanic women                                  0                0.0               0                 0.0                  0                0.0
Asian/Pacific Islander men                      1                0.4               0                 0.0                  0                0.0
Asian/Pacific Islander women                    1                0.4               0                 0.0                  3                1.2
Native American men                             3                1.2               1                 1.1                  3                1.2
Native American women                           0                0.0               0                 0.0                  0                0.0
Unknown                                         2                0.8               2                 2.2                  5                2.0
        a
Total                                          247            100.0               93              100.0                248              100.0
Minorities                                     24                9.7               8                 8.6                29               11.7
Men                                            209              84.6              74               79.6                190               76.6
Minority men                                   19                7.7               6                 6.5                19                 7.7
Women                                          36               14.6              17               18.3                 53               21.4
Minority women                                  5                2.0               2                 2.2                10                 4.0
Source: GAO.

                                           Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                           Data File (CPDF) data.
                                           a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                           Page 99                                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                          Appendix II
                                          Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                          and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 81: Department of Veterans Affairs—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of GS-15s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those Estimated
to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those Departing
Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                            As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                          Remaining after                    with replacements at
                                          On board on                    estimated attrition                  promotion rates for
                                         October 1, 2000                 on October 1, 2007                 fiscal years 1995-2000
GS-15                                   Number        Percentage          Number          Percentage            Number          Percentage
White men                                 4,382                56.6          2,301                54.5             4,198                54.2
White women                               1,107                14.3            670                15.9             1,321                17.1
African-American men                          173               2.2            101                  2.4              187                  2.4
African-American women                        109               1.4              72                 1.7              141                  1.8
Hispanic men                                  322               4.2            178                  4.2              321                  4.1
Hispanic women                                131               1.7              80                 1.9              147                  1.9
Asian/Pacific Islander men                    997              12.9            514                12.2               898                11.6
Asian/Pacific Islander women                  499               6.4            289                  6.8              503                  6.5
Native American men                           17                0.2              11                 0.3                18                 0.2
Native American women                          4                0.1               2                 0.0                 3                 0.0
Unknown                                        5                0.1               5                 0.1                10                 0.1
        a
Total                                     7,746              100.0           4,223               100.0             7,747               100.0
Minorities                                2,252                29.1          1,247                29.5             2,218                28.6
Men                                       5,891                76.1          3,105                73.5             5,622                72.6
Minority men                              1,509                19.5            804                19.0             1,424                18.4
Women                                     1,850                23.9          1,113                26.4             2,115                27.3
Minority women                                743               9.6            443                10.5               794                10.2
Source: GAO.

                                          Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                          Data File (CPDF) data.
                                          a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                          Page 100                                                    GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                                          Appendix II
                                          Demographic Profiles of Career SES, GS-15,
                                          and GS-14 Staff at the 24 CFO Agencies




Table 82: Department of Veterans Affairs—Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of GS-14s, Actual as of October 1, 2000; Those Estimated
to Remain Employed on October 1, 2007, after Accounting for Attrition; and Estimates for October 1, 2007, if Those Departing
Are Replaced at Actual Rates for Fiscal Years 1995-2000

                                                                                                            As of October 1, 2007,
                                                                          Remaining after                    with replacements at
                                          On board on                    estimated attrition                  promotion rates for
                                         October 1, 2000                 on October 1, 2007                 fiscal years 1995-2000
GS-14                                   Number        Percentage          Number          Percentage             Number         Percentage
White men                                 1,465                59.2            859                55.6              1,332               53.8
White women                                   592              23.9            390                25.2                669               27.0
African-American men                          98                4.0              68                 4.4               105                 4.2
African-American women                        104               4.2              78                 5.0               125                 5.1
Hispanic men                                  55                2.2              38                 2.5                59                 2.4
Hispanic women                                28                1.1              21                 1.4                31                 1.3
Asian/Pacific Islander men                    62                2.5              41                 2.7                68                 2.7
Asian/Pacific Islander women                  45                1.8              31                 2.0                57                 2.3
Native American men                           11                0.4               6                 0.4                10                 0.4
Native American women                          7                0.3               5                 0.3                  6                0.2
Unknown                                        8                0.3               8                 0.5                12                 0.5
        a
Total                                     2,475              100.0           1,545               100.0              2,474              100.0
Minorities                                    410              16.6            288                18.6                461               18.6
Men                                       1,691                68.3          1,012                65.5              1,574               63.6
Minority men                                  226               9.1            153                  9.9               242                 9.8
Women                                         776              31.4            525                34.0                888               35.9
Minority women                                184               7.4            135                  8.7               219                 8.9
Source: GAO.

                                          Note: Information from our analysis of the Office of Personnel Management’s (OPM) Central Personnel
                                          Data File (CPDF) data.
                                          a
                                           Percentages may not add to 100 because of rounding.




                                          Page 101                                                    GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
Appendix III

Reactions of Four Federal Agencies, OPM,
and EEOC to SES Diversity Data                                                                             Appendx
                                                                                                                 iI




                  We presented to each of the four agencies we examined—the departments
                  of Energy, the Interior, and Veterans Affairs (VA) and the Social Security
                  Administration (SSA)—the results of our simulation of Senior Executive
                  Service (SES) losses and projections of the SES racial, ethnic, and gender
                  profiles at each agency if current appointment trends continue. We also
                  presented our governmentwide simulation results and projections to the
                  Office of Personnel Management (OPM) and the Equal Employment
                  Opportunity Commission (EEOC). SSA and the three departments said our
                  analysis of their career SES, and GS-15 and GS-14, losses and future
                  diversity was reasonable. All of the agencies agreed that improvements
                  needed to be made in their current SES diversity in at least some minority
                  and gender groups. All four also acknowledged that the composition of the
                  career SES that we projected if present selection trends continued would
                  not be acceptable and discussed efforts they had made and were planning
                  to take to promote diversity in general and in the career SES in particular.
                  These efforts have significant elements in common. Because almost all
                  career SES selections come from within the agency with a relative few
                  selected from other agencies, agency officials generally agreed that the
                  most effective way to enhance SES diversity is to increase diversity of the
                  GS-15 and GS-14 feeder pool. OPM officials also said that if our projections
                  were the actual result of SES selections through fiscal year 2007, that result
                  would be unacceptable from a diversity standpoint. The reactions of these
                  six agencies to the data and what they are doing and plan to do to address
                  diversity in the career SES are summarized below.



Social Security   SSA’s goal is that its workforce at all levels, including the SES, should be at
                  least as diverse as the national civilian labor force.18 To achieve this end,
Administration    SSA officials said that the agency would need to improve its representation
                  of Asian Americans and Native Americans; our analysis indicates that an
                  increase of Hispanic representation would also be needed.

                  SSA recently reinstituted an SES candidate development program, and also
                  has separate leadership development programs for GS-13 and GS-14 and for
                  GS-9 through GS-12. Thus, most employees above entry level can apply for
                  management and leadership development programs. SSA officials said that
                  it was agency policy to include women and minorities in the screening of
                  applicants and final selections for these programs.

                  18
                   The civilian labor force includes persons ages 16 or over who are employed or seeking
                  employment, but excludes those in the Armed Forces.




                  Page 102                                              GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
Appendix III
Reactions of Four Federal Agencies, OPM,
and EEOC to SES Diversity Data




SSA has made an effort to have line management “buy in” to diversity by
making a case that diversity is not only a good thing in itself but enhances
the agency’s ability to perform its mission. Executives in SSA are held
accountable for diversity as an element in their performance contracts.
SSA’s Office of Human Resources provides the Commissioner with a
monthly summary of the ethnic and gender composition of each
component of the agency by grade level, and a similar summary of the
hiring done during the previous month. The Commissioner reviews these
summaries with the deputy commissioners each month, which enables the
Commissioner to demonstrate to senior managers the agency’s
commitment to diversity and hold them accountable with their peers for
the diversity in their units.

SSA does regular entry-level recruiting at historically black colleges and
Hispanic institutions and also has co-op agreements with Native American
tribal colleges. SSA uses the Outstanding Scholar Program to recruit
minorities and women, and makes use of authority granted by OPM to use
bilingual registers for hiring.19

SSA has internal advisory councils for women, minority groups, and
persons with disabilities. These councils, which are chartered by the SSA
Commissioner and composed of volunteers, exist at national headquarters
and at the SSA regional offices. They provide input and advice to SSA
national and regional management on diversity issues and also join in SSA
recruiting efforts where appropriate.




19
  The Outstanding Scholar and Bilingual/Bicultural programs were established by a consent
decree approved by the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia in 1981, in the case
of Luevano v. Campbell, 93 F.R.D. 68 (D.D.C. 1981). The Outstanding Scholar Program may
be used to hire into certain positions at the GS-5 or GS-7 level college graduates from
accredited schools who obtained a grade point average of 3.5 or higher on a 4.0 scale, or
who rank in the upper 10 percent of their classes, without further examination. The
Bilingual/Bicultural program allows hiring into certain positions at the GS-5 or GS-7 level of
candidates proficient in Spanish or knowledgeable in Hispanic culture who obtained
passing examination scores, without further regard to rank where performance in the
position would be enhanced by such bilingual or cultural skills.




Page 103                                                 GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                       Appendix III
                       Reactions of Four Federal Agencies, OPM,
                       and EEOC to SES Diversity Data




Department of the      Interior uses the relevant civilian labor force20 as a basis for looking at
                       diversity at all levels but had not yet prepared a comparison labor force for
Interior               its career SES. Interior planned to do so in the near future. A department
                       official acknowledged that the current diversity of the career SES in
                       Interior is unsatisfactory, and that future diversity cannot be enhanced
                       without additional efforts. The official noted that diversity at the entry
                       level and midlevel has improved and that, with the assistance of the
                       candidate development program that it has had for some time, this
                       improvement will eventually be reflected at the SES level.

                       Interior officials noted that recruitment, workforce information, and
                       workforce planning has until very recently been left up to the components
                       within Interior instead of being handled at the departmental level. Officials
                       of the U.S. Geological Survey, Office of Surface Mining, and Bureau of Land
                       Management told us that they have had ongoing efforts to recruit minorities
                       at educational institutions and career fairs. The Geological Survey has
                       developed a job applicant database, which allows for tracking of the job
                       selection process through all of its stages; thus, diversity of the applicant
                       pool through successive screenings can be noted. Other parts of Interior
                       do not have this type of process, although at least one other component
                       uses the Geological Survey’s process.

                       Interior management has recently acted to shift responsibility for
                       recruitment and workforce planning (and thus for diversity) from
                       components to the departmental level. The Deputy Assistant Secretary for
                       Human Resources is developing a national recruitment initiative, under
                       which Interior components will collaborate in recruiting and diversity will
                       be included as one factor in recruiting. The Deputy Assistant Secretary is
                       also preparing a human capital plan for submission to OPM, which will
                       associate workforce planning with the departmental mission and will target
                       diversity at midlevel and senior level.



Department of Energy   A senior official at Energy said that more progress is needed in making and
                       keeping the department’s career SES diverse. The official noted that there
                       has been a recent significant increase in diversity at the GS-14 and 15


                       20
                         The relevant civilian labor force is that portion of the civilian labor force that corresponds
                       to a particular labor force (in this instance, the career SES) as closely as possible in terms of
                       occupation and salary level.




                       Page 104                                                   GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
Appendix III
Reactions of Four Federal Agencies, OPM,
and EEOC to SES Diversity Data




levels, which could be reflected in future SES selections. Energy uses the
civilian labor force as a basis for judging diversity, and also compares itself
with other federal agencies.

Energy hosted a Human Capital Summit in 2001, which resulted in a
renewed commitment to executive succession planning. After this summit,
Energy restarted an SES candidate development program, which had been
inactive since 1994, with its Human Resource Management office
coordinating with its Office of Civil Rights to develop a diversity
recruitment strategy for the program. Energy had an intern program to
bring in recruits for technical positions at the GS-7/9 level and, according to
a senior official, 50 to 55 percent of the interns in that program have been
minorities, and most have stayed long enough to reach the GS-12/13 level.
A new career intern program recently began and it is too early to report its
results. Pursuant to Executive Order 13171, dealing with Hispanic federal
employment, Energy has set up an internship program aimed specifically at
Hispanics. Energy is also establishing a formal mentoring program, under
which GS-13 through GS-15 staff members can benefit from guidance from
SES executives.

Senior Energy officials noted that Energy does regular periodic diversity
analysis of the workforce, and may extend this analysis to job applicants in
the future. Building diversity is one of the key leadership attributes of the
annual performance review for Energy executives.

Energy officials noted that it is especially difficult to recruit qualified
minorities for scientific and technical positions, especially considering the
competition for such candidates from the private sector and other
agencies, such as the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
Energy uses authorities such as recruitment and retention bonuses and
relocation allowances to help in minority recruitment. Energy could also
use dual compensation waivers21 for this purpose, but does not often use
this option at present because, in the opinion of a senior Energy official, it
is complicated to implement. A senior official said that Energy is
considering applying for general waivers for certain occupational



21
  Section 5533 of Title 5, U.S.C., prohibits a federal employee from receiving pay for more
than one position. However, a department or agency may make an exception from that
section for a certain position upon determining that the required services cannot be
obtained otherwise. A general exception for a number of positions must be granted by
OPM.




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                   Appendix III
                   Reactions of Four Federal Agencies, OPM,
                   and EEOC to SES Diversity Data




                   categories. In addition, Energy said that it uses executive search firms to
                   increase the cadre of minority candidates.



Department of      VA also said that our analysis was reasonable, and that more diversity was
                   needed and greater efforts would be required if diversity is to increase.
Veterans Affairs   However, VA does not have an agreed-upon standard, such as the civilian
                   labor force used by some agencies, by which to evaluate diversity in the
                   career SES.22

                   Senior VA officials told us that, like Interior, VA has until recently left issues
                   such as recruitment and leadership development to agency components.
                   Officials of the Veterans Benefits Administration (VBA) and Veterans
                   Health Administration (VHA) said that they were concerned about diversity
                   in their management ranks, and had stepped up efforts to recruit minorities
                   at lower levels and to prepare them for leadership. An official of the
                   National Cemetery Administration said that it had made similar efforts, but
                   had run into difficulties with finding minority candidates with civil service
                   status and getting them on final selection lists. VA said that it had recently
                   submitted to the Office of Management and Budget a restructuring plan
                   under which, among other things, it will conduct an evaluation of its
                   leadership development programs and develop a national recruitment and
                   marketing plan.

                   According to agency officials, both VHA and VBA have instituted
                   leadership development programs, with VBA having had an SES candidate
                   development program for some time. VA announced an SES candidate
                   development program in October 2001, and training for the initial group of
                   participants began in November 2002.

                   VA also recently began to develop a plan for workforce management and
                   succession planning. In addition, VA’s Office of Diversity Management and
                   Equal Employment Opportunity, at the request of the VA Assistant
                   Secretary for Human Resources and Management, is providing diversity
                   information on VA’s current composition and monthly hiring. While
                   diversity has been an element in performance evaluation for VA executives,



                   22
                     VA does use the Professional, Administrative, Technical, Clerical, Other (PATCO) Civil
                   Labor Force (CLF) in preparing workforce reports on its GS-15s and GS-14s, which allows it
                   to monitor diversity in the SES feeder pool.




                   Page 106                                              GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                      Appendix III
                      Reactions of Four Federal Agencies, OPM,
                      and EEOC to SES Diversity Data




                      this information will for the first time allow VA to fairly evaluate executives
                      for diversity performance, according to a VA official.



Office of Personnel   To gain a broader prospective on SES diversity issues, we met with OPM
                      officials to get their reaction to our work. The officials agreed that our
Management            methodology was reasonable. They said that women and minorities
                      continued to be underrepresented in the federal executive corps. OPM’s
                      strategy for increasing executive diversity is to encourage agencies to
                      enhance diversity at entry level and midlevel, identify individuals with
                      leadership ability early in their careers, and provide experience and
                      learning opportunities to prepare them for senior level positions.

                      OPM cited the following actions as among the major steps it has taken to
                      address diversity in the SES.

                      • Creating an Interagency Task Force on Hispanic Employment to focus
                        on the continued underrepresentation of Hispanics in the federal
                        workforce. The Director of OPM chairs the task force.

                      • Fostering the establishment and growth of agency candidate
                        development programs, which train selected GS-14 and GS-15
                        employees in the skills necessary for success in the career SES.

                      • Issuing the first annual Report to the President on Hispanic
                        Employment in the Federal Government, concerning the state of
                        Hispanic employment.

                      • Meeting with leaders from 21 different Hispanic organizations to discuss
                        barriers to Hispanic recruitment and retention as well as to enlist their
                        support in recruitment. The organizations have goals and missions
                        related to five different sectors: Hispanic education, federal
                        employment, national advocacy, private sector, and professional
                        organizations. The Director has held two meetings with the
                        organizations and issued guidance to federal agencies about the benefits
                        of utilizing the organizations' expertise.

                      • Co-chairing the Asian American and Pacific Islanders (AAPI) Joint Task
                        Force with EEOC. The task force issued its Report on AAPI Federal
                        Employment and Glass Ceiling Issues.




                      Page 107                                        GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
Appendix III
Reactions of Four Federal Agencies, OPM,
and EEOC to SES Diversity Data




• Hosting, in partnership with the Department of Labor, the first Asian
  Pacific American Federal Career Advancement Summit in May 2002.
  OPM conducted several workshops on diversity issues and preparing for
  the SES.

• Meeting with the founders of the new employee group—the African
  American Federal Executive Association—which formed in 2002. One
  result from this meeting was an OPM initiative called the Executive
  Diversity Roundtable. The roundtable will be a venue for discussions
  focused solely on increasing and leveraging diversity in the executive
  ranks.

• Replacing “Cultural Awareness” with “Leveraging Diversity” as an SES
  leadership competency. A panel of public and private sector experts
  worked with OPM to revise the title and definition for the SES
  leadership competency that deals with diversity. The revised
  competency embodies the values of building, managing, and
  maintaining a diverse workforce; is results oriented; and stresses
  accountability.

• Compiling best practices that agencies can use to develop strategies to
  improve the representation of minorities and women in the federal
  workforce and including them in the fiscal year 2001 annual Federal
  Equal Opportunity Recruitment Program (FEORP) Report to
  Congress.

• Issuing the first Semi-Annual Statistical Report to the President on
  Hispanic Employment in Federal Agencies. The report compared
  Hispanic hiring in fiscal year 1995 with that of fiscal year 2001. It
  contained information on hiring activity both governmentwide and by
  individual agency and provided information about federal agency
  utilization of available hiring tools.

• Issuing a guide to federal agencies, Building and Maintaining a High
  Quality, Diverse Workforce.

• Conducting sessions on diversity issues as part of 1-week seminars
  offered to federal managers by OPM's Management Development
  Centers.




Page 108                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
                   Appendix III
                   Reactions of Four Federal Agencies, OPM,
                   and EEOC to SES Diversity Data




                   • During fiscal year 2001, conducting two workshops for agencies about
                     federal equal employment opportunity regulations and federal agency
                     roles and reporting requirements.

                   • Launching a new disability Web site in June 2002, a one-stop source of
                     information for managers, applicants, and human resources
                     professionals that is designed to be both comprehensive and user-
                     friendly.

                   • Issuing a model plan on the employment of adults with disabilities.

                   • Regularly presenting workshops on diversity issues at numerous
                     nationwide conferences of organizations with compatible goals,
                     including organizations representing the interests of African Americans,
                     Hispanics, women, Asians and Pacific Islanders, and persons with
                     disabilities.

                   • Regularly providing consultation services and technical assistance to
                     individual agencies regarding their questions, plans, and activities on
                     diversity issues. In addition, upon request, OPM provided workshops to
                     organizations that expressed interest in developing future leaders.
                     These workshops focused on the application process and understanding
                     the leadership competencies necessary for SES membership. These
                     services were provided to about 10 federal agencies during fiscal year
                     2001.



Equal Employment   For EEOC’s reaction, see the “Agency Comments” section of the letter and
                   appendix V, where its comments are reprinted.
Opportunity
Commission




                   Page 109                                     GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
Appendix IV

Comments from the Office of Personnel
Management                                                      Appendx
                                                                      iIV




              Page 110         GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
Appendix IV
Comments from the Office of Personnel
Management




Page 111                                GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
Appendix V

Comments from the Equal Employment
Opportunity Commission                                        Append
                                                                   x
                                                                   i
                                                                   V




             Page 112        GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
Appendix V
Comments from the Equal Employment
Opportunity Commission




Page 113                             GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
Appendix V
Comments from the Equal Employment
Opportunity Commission




Page 114                             GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
Appendix V
Comments from the Equal Employment
Opportunity Commission




Page 115                             GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
Appendix V
Comments from the Equal Employment
Opportunity Commission




Page 116                             GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
Appendix VI

Comments from the Social Security
Administration                                                  Appendx
                                                                      iVI




              Page 117         GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
Appendix VII

Comments from the Department of Veterans
Affairs                                                        Append
                                                                    x
                                                                    iVI




               Page 118       GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
Appendix VIII

Comments from the Department of Energy                         Appendx
                                                                     iI
                                                                     V




                Page 119      GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
Appendix VIII
Comments from the Department of Energy




Page 120                                 GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
Appendix IX

GAO Contact and Staff Acknowledgments                                                              Appendx
                                                                                                         IiX




GAO Contact       Thomas G. Dowdal, (202) 512-6588



Acknowledgments   In addition to the individual named above, the following individuals made
                  significant contributions to this report: Walter E. Reed, Jr., Steven J. Berke,
                  Mitchell B. Karpman and Gregory H. Wilmoth.




(450058)          Page 121                                        GAO-03-34 Senior Executive Service
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