oversight

Federal Real Property: Vacant and Underutilized Properties at GSA, VA, and USPS

Published by the Government Accountability Office on 2003-08-19.

Below is a raw (and likely hideous) rendition of the original report. (PDF)

              United States General Accounting Office

GAO           Report to Congressional Requesters




August 2003
              FEDERAL REAL
              PROPERTY
              Vacant and
              Underutilized
              Properties at
              GSA, VA, and USPS




GAO-03-747
              a
                                               August 2003


                                               FEDERAL REAL PROPERTY

                                               Vacant and Underutilized Properties at
Highlights of GAO-03-747, a report to          GSA, VA, and USPS
congressional requesters




The federal government has many                •   GSA, VA, and USPS primarily rely on field office officials to identify
vacant and underutilized properties                vacant and underutilized properties. These officials make on-site
that are no longer needed.                         property visits, communicate with tenant agencies about lease renewals,
Retaining unneeded real properties                 and examine agency program requirements that will affect agencies’ real
presents federal agencies with                     property needs. These three agencies also have ongoing nationwide
significant potential risks for
(1) lost dollars because such
                                                   initiatives to realign their real property portfolios. GSA officials are
properties are costly to maintain;                 reviewing all of its properties to identify and remove all assets from its
and (2) lost opportunities because                 real property inventory that are not financially self-sustaining or for
the properties could be put to more                which there is not a substantial, long-term federal purpose. VA officials
cost-beneficial uses, exchanged for                are in the process of identifying unneeded real property assets to reduce
other needed property, or sold to                  VA’s large inventory of vacant and underutilized buildings. USPS officials
generate revenue for the                           are reviewing and modifying its postal real property infrastructure so
government.                                        that USPS can enhance customer service and control costs through the
                                                   closing and consolidation of unneeded facilities, such as some post
The General Services                               offices.
Administration (GSA), the
Department of Veterans Affairs                 •   As of October 1, 2002, these agencies reported a total of 927 vacant and
(VA), and the U.S. Postal Service                  underutilized real properties—including facilities and land—located
(USPS) hold a significant number                   throughout the United States and Puerto Rico in 294 cities. VA reported
of real property assets. GAO was                   the most properties—577; GSA reported 236 properties, and USPS
asked to provide information on                    reported 114 properties. Most of these properties—807 of 927—were
how these agencies identify vacant                 facilities that represented about 32.1 million square feet and ranged from
and underutilized real properties
and the numbers, types, and
                                                   office buildings to hospitals to post offices. Although VA reported the
locations of these properties.                     highest number of facilities, GSA facilities made up more than half of
                                                   this square footage. The remaining 120 properties were vacant lands
                                                   reported only by VA and USPS, most of which were 10 acres or less.
                                               •   GSA said that 236 properties is an overstatement because 43 properties
                                                   are committed to future use, and 37 small properties support occupiable
                                                   space. GAO did not change GSA’s total number of properties because
                                                   they were vacant or underutilized as of October 1, 2002. However, GAO
                                                   reflected GSA’s concern in the text and in the list of GSA’s properties. VA
                                                   and USPS generally agreed with the information in this report.

                                               Examples of Vacant GSA, VA, and USPS Facilities




www.gao.gov/cgi-bin/getrpt?GAO-03-747.

To view the full report, including the scope
and methodology, click on the link above.
For more information, contact Mark L.
Goldstein at (202) 512-2834 or
goldsteinm@gao.gov.
Contents



Letter                                                                                                       1
                             Results In Brief                                                                2
                             Background                                                                      6
                             How GSA, VA, and USPS Identify Vacant and Underutilized Real
                               Property                                                                      7
                             Numbers, Types, and Locations of GSA, VA, and USPS Vacant and
                               Underutilized Real Properties                                                13
                             Agency Comments and Our Evaluation                                             25


Appendixes
               Appendix I:   Objectives, Scope, and Methodology                                             29
              Appendix II:   List of Vacant and Underutilized Real Properties Reported by
                             the General Services Administration as of October 1, 2002                      31
             Appendix III:   List of Vacant and Underutilized Real Properties Reported by
                             the Department of Veterans Affairs as of October 1, 2002                       39
              Appendix IV:   List of Vacant and Underutilized Real Properties Reported by
                             the U.S. Postal Service as of October 1, 2002                                  58
              Appendix V:    List of Locations with 5 or More GSA, VA, and USPS Vacant
                             and Underutilized Real Properties as of October 1, 2002                        63
             Appendix VI:    Comments from the General Services Administration                              65
             Appendix VII:   GAO Contacts and Staff Acknowledgments                                         67


Tables                       Table 1: Total Number of Vacant and Underutilized Real Properties
                                      Reported by GSA, VA, and USPS as of October 1, 2002                   14
                             Table 2: Information on Vacant and Underutilized Real Properties
                                      Reported by GSA, VA, and USPS as of October 1, 2002                   16
                             Table 3: Ranges of Facility Sizes for all 3 agencies—GSA, VA, and
                                      USPS—as of October 1, 2002                                            18
                             Table 4: Size Ranges for Vacant Land Reported by VA and USPS as
                                      of October 1, 2002                                                    19


Figures                      Figure 1: Total Number of Vacant and Underutilized Real
                                       Properties Reported by GSA, VA, and USPS as of October
                                       1, 2002                                                               4
                             Figure 2: Breakdown of the Numbers of Vacant and Underutilized
                                       Properties Reported by GSA, VA, and USPS as of October
                                       1, 2002                                                              15



                             Page i                   GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
Contents




Figure 3: Example of Vacant GSA-Owned Property—the L. Mendel
          Rivers Federal Building in Charleston, South Carolina                        21
Figure 4: Example of Vacant VA-Owned Property—the Former
          Main Hospital Building on the Milwaukee, Wisconsin,
          Health Facility Campus                                                       22
Figure 5: Example of Vacant USPS-Owned Property—the Former
          Main Post Office in Chicago, Illinois                                        23




Abbreviations

CARES        Capital Asset Realignment for Enhanced Services
GSA          General Services Administration
USPS         U.S. Postal Service
VA           Department of Veterans Affairs
VHA          Veterans Health Administration

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Page ii                        GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
A
United States General Accounting Office
Washington, D.C. 20548



                                    August 19, 2003                                                                                    Leter




                                    Congressional Requesters

                                    This report responds to your request for information on vacant and
                                    underutilized real property controlled by three federal agencies—the
                                    General Services Administration (GSA), the Department of Veterans Affairs
                                    (VA), and the U.S. Postal Service (USPS).1 As discussed in our January
                                    2003 high-risk report on federal real property, over 30 agencies control
                                    hundreds of thousands of real property assets worldwide that are worth
                                    hundreds of billions of dollars.2 However, many of these assets, which
                                    include vacant and underutilized properties, are no longer needed because
                                    of significant changes in the size and mission needs of federal agencies.
                                    Unneeded assets present significant potential risks to federal agencies not
                                    only for lost dollars because such properties are costly to maintain but also
                                    for lost opportunities because the properties could be put to more cost-
                                    beneficial uses, exchanged for other needed property, or sold to generate
                                    revenue for the government. In addition, continuing to hold real property
                                    that may no longer be needed does not present a positive image of the
                                    federal government in local communities. Instead, it can present an image
                                    of waste and inefficiency that erodes taxpayers’ confidence and can have a
                                    negative impact on local economies if the property is occupying a valuable
                                    location and is not used for other purposes, sold, or used in a public-private
                                    partnership if such a partnership provides the best economic value for the
                                    government.3



                                    1
                                     GSA’s Federal Property Management Regulations define not utilized property as an entire
                                    property or portion of a property that is not occupied or used for current program purposes
                                    of the accountable agency or property that is occupied in caretaker status only. According
                                    to a GSA official, property that is not utilized is generally considered vacant. The regulations
                                    also define underutilized property as an entire property or portion of a property that is used
                                    only at irregular periods or intermittently by the accountable agency or property that is
                                    being used for the agency’s current program purposes that can be satisfied with only a
                                    portion of the property. (41 C.F.R. 101-47.801)
                                    2
                                     U.S. General Accounting Office, High-Risk Series: Federal Real Property, GAO-03-122
                                    (Washington, D.C.: Jan. 2003).
                                    3
                                     Under a public-private partnership, sometimes referred to as a public-private venture, the
                                    federal government and a private entity form an arrangement in which the federal
                                    government contributes real property and the private entity contributes financial capital and
                                    borrowing ability to redevelop or renovate real property to serve, in part or in whole, a
                                    public need.




                                    Page 1                           GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
                   As of September 30, 2000, the federal government owned about 3 billion
                   square feet of building floor space worldwide.4 You asked us to provide
                   information on (1) how GSA, VA, and USPS—the largest nondefense
                   holders of federally owned space—identify vacant and underutilized
                   properties; and (2) the numbers, types, and locations of these properties.5
                   To meet the first objective, we discussed and documented real property
                   procedures and practices with federal officials at the three agencies,
                   including how they identified these properties. For the second objective,
                   we obtained and analyzed information on GSA’s, VA’s Veterans Health
                   Administration, and USPS’s vacant and underutilized properties. A more
                   detailed discussion of our objectives, scope, and methodology is included
                   in appendix I.



Results In Brief   GSA, VA, and USPS rely primarily on their agencies’ real property officials
                   in field office locations to identify vacant and underutilized properties.
                   According to agency officials and current agency policies and procedures,
                   field office officials identify such properties through the daily management
                   and oversight of their real property portfolios. Some specific steps these
                   officials use to identify vacant and underutilized property include on-site
                   property visits, communications with tenant agencies about lease
                   renewals, and examinations of agency program requirements that will
                   affect agencies’ real property needs. Also, all three agencies have
                   recognized the importance of realigning their real property portfolios by
                   identifying and disposing of unneeded real property.




                   4
                    U.S. General Services Administration, Summary Report of Real Property Owned by the
                   United States Throughout the World, (Washington, D.C.: June 2001). In our report on
                   governmentwide real property data, we stated that such data, which are compiled by GSA
                   and often referred to as the worldwide inventory, have been unreliable and of limited
                   usefulness, and we made recommendations to GSA to improve the data. GSA officials stated
                   that they are currently making improvements to the data in response to our
                   recommendations. We use these data here because at the time of our review, they provided
                   the only available indication of the size and characteristics of the federal real property
                   inventory. (See U.S. General Accounting Office, Federal Real Property: Better
                   Governmentwide Data Needed for Strategic Decisionmaking, GAO-02-342 [Washington,
                   D.C.: Apr. 16, 2002]).
                   5
                    As part of your request, you also wanted to know the impact that GSA, VA, and USPS vacant
                   and underutilized properties had on their real property operations and the local
                   communities where the properties are located. As agreed with congressional staff, it was
                   decided that this issue would be best pursued under a separate engagement.




                   Page 2                         GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
• In June 2001, GSA started an overall effort, commonly referred to as the
  portfolio restructuring initiative, in which GSA officials are reviewing all
  of its properties nationwide to identify and remove all assets from its
  real property inventory, including vacant and underutilized properties,
  that are not financially self-sustaining or for which there is not a
  substantial, long-term federal purpose.

• In October 2000, VA began a process known as the Capital Asset
  Realignment for Enhanced Services that is intended to strategically
  realign its real property assets to better serve veterans’ health needs.
  One of the process’ major objectives is to reduce VA’s large inventory of
  vacant and underutilized buildings and the significant costs needed to
  maintain these buildings.

• USPS, faced with such challenges as changing customer needs,
  declining mail volumes, rising costs, and increasing security concerns,
  issued a transformation plan in April 2002. Among other things, the plan
  discussed the need for USPS to review and modify its infrastructure of
  postal facilities so that it can enhance customer service and control
  costs through the closing and consolidation of unneeded postal
  facilities, such as some post offices.

As of October 1, 2002, GSA, VA, and USPS reported having a total of 927
vacant and underutilized real properties that included a wide range of
facilities—such as office buildings, hospitals, and post offices—and land
located throughout the 50 states and in the District of Columbia and Puerto
Rico. As shown in figure 1, VA reported the highest number of vacant and
underutilized real properties.




Page 3                     GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
Figure 1: Total Number of Vacant and Underutilized Real Properties Reported by
GSA, VA, and USPS as of October 1, 2002




More of the 927 properties—600, or about 65 percent—were vacant
compared with the remaining 327, or about 35 percent, which were
underutilized properties. Further, most of the vacant and underutilized
properties—807 of 927, or about 87 percent—were facilities and ranged
from office buildings and storage facilities to hospitals and medical centers
to post offices. These facilities represented about 32.1 million square feet of
space. Although VA reported having the highest number of vacant and
underutilized facilities, GSA’s vacant and underutilized facilities made up
more than half of this square footage. The sizes of the 3 agencies’ facilities
ranged from less than 10,000 square feet to more than 100,000 square feet,
with about half of the facilities measuring less than 10,000 square feet. The
120 land properties were owned by VA and USPS and ranged in size from
less than 1 acre to 174 acres. The three agencies’ vacant and underutilized
properties were located in 294 cities throughout the United States and
Puerto Rico. The highest numbers of vacant and underutilized properties
were reported for Los Angeles, California, which had a total of 54
properties; and Fort Howard, Maryland, which had a total of 43 properties.

In commenting on a draft of this report, the Commissioner of GSA’s Public
Buildings Service said that the report overstated the number of vacant and
underutilized properties in GSA’s inventory. He said that the 236 GSA



Page 4                      GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
properties cited in the report include 43 properties representing about 8
million square feet of space that are already committed to being used and
37 small, unoccupiable support properties, such as pump houses, that are
necessary to the functioning of occupiable space. We did not change the
total number of GSA’s properties as GSA suggested because the 236
properties met our criteria of being vacant or underutilized as of October 1,
2002. Furthermore, most of the 43 committed properties remain vacant or
underutilized, and most of the 37 support properties have vacant or
underutilized rentable square feet. However, we reflected GSA’s concern in
the report and modified appendix II—the list of GSA’s vacant and
underutilized properties as of October 1, 2002—to specifically identify
those properties that GSA said were committed to being used and small
properties that support occupiable space. VA’s Assistant Secretary for
Management and USPS’s Managers of Facilities Program Management and
Realty Asset Management generally agreed with the information in the
report and provided technical comments that were incorporated in the
report where appropriate.




Page 5                     GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
Background   The federal real property environment has many stakeholders and involves
             a vast and diverse portfolio of assets that are used for a wide variety of
             missions. Real property is generally defined as facilities; land; and anything
             constructed on, growing on, or attached to land. The U.S. government’s
             fiscal year 2002 financial statements show an acquisition cost of more than
             $335 billion for real property assets held by the federal government on
             September 30, 2002.6 In terms of facilities, GSA data indicated that as of
             September 30, 2000, the federal government owned about 3 billion square
             feet of building floor space worldwide and that GSA, VA, and USPS are the
             largest nondefense holders of this federally owned space. GSA provides
             real estate services for itself as well as for other federal agencies and owns
             such facilities as office buildings, courthouses, and border stations.7 VA
             provides health care services to veterans and owns such facilities as
             hospitals, medical centers, research laboratories, and nursing homes and
             structures that support these facilities, such as garages and storage
             buildings.8 USPS provides mail delivery services and owns such facilities as
             post offices and mail processing plants. Also, the three agencies own tracts
             of land that may have been acquired for various purposes. For example, in
             some cases, USPS acquires land adjacent to a postal facility in anticipation
             of a possible need for future expansion of the facility.




             6
              This amount does not include stewardship assets, which are not reported on the
             government’s balance sheet. These assets include wilderness areas, scenic river systems,
             monuments, defense facilities (including military bases), and national defense assets. Also,
             real property data contained in the financial statements of the U.S. government have been
             problematic mainly because the government lacked complete and reliable information on its
             asset holdings, including real property. We were unable to express an opinion on the U.S.
             government’s consolidated financial statements for fiscal year 2002.
             7
              GSA’s Public Buildings Service is the major component within GSA that provides real
             property services to federal agencies.
             8
              VA’s Veterans Health Administration (VHA) is the major component within VA that provides
             health care services to veterans. In this report, we focused on VHA properties.




             Page 6                          GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
                         Federal real property managers operate in a complex and dynamic
                         environment. Numerous laws and regulations govern the acquisition,
                         management, and disposal of federal real property. The Federal Property
                         and Administrative Services Act of 1949, as amended (Property Act), and
                         the Public Buildings Act of 1959, as amended, are the laws that generally
                         apply to the acquisition, use, and disposal of real property held by federal
                         agencies.9 GSA is responsible for implementing the Property Act and the
                         Public Buildings Act. Agencies, including GSA and VA, are subject to the
                         requirements of these acts unless they are specifically exempted from
                         them. USPS, which is an independent establishment in the executive
                         branch, is exempt from the Property Act and from most federal laws
                         dealing with real property and contracting. USPS is authorized to sell,
                         lease, or dispose of real property under its general powers.10

                         In addition to the Property Act, Executive Order 12512, dated April 29,
                         1985, required GSA to, among other things, provide governmentwide policy
                         oversight and guidance for federal real property management. In response
                         to Executive Order 12512, GSA published regulations that established
                         governmentwide guidelines that agencies can use to identify vacant and
                         underutilized real property.11 Among other things, these guidelines
                         provided general definitions of vacant and underutilized real properties and
                         established a process that agencies can use to review real property
                         holdings and determine the actions that may be needed to better use or
                         dispose of vacant and underutilized properties.



How GSA, VA, and         GSA, VA, and USPS rely primarily on their real property officials in field
                         office locations to identify vacant and underutilized properties. According
USPS Identify Vacant     to agency officials and current agency policies and procedures, field office
and Underutilized Real   officials identify such properties through the daily management and
                         oversight of their real property portfolios. Some specific steps for
Property                 identifying vacant and underutilized properties include observations that


                         9
                          The Property Act is set forth at 40 U.S.C. § 101 et. seq. The Property Act excludes certain
                         types of property, such as public domain assets and land reserved or dedicated for national
                         forest or national park purposes. The Public Buildings Act is set forth at 40 U.S.C. § 3301 et.
                         seq.
                         10
                          39 U.S.C. §§ 201 and 401; for purposes of this report, our definition of agency includes
                         USPS, an independent establishment in the executive branch.
                         11
                              41 C.F.R. Subpart 101-47.8.




                         Page 7                             GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
                              these officials make during on-site property visits, communications the
                              officials have with tenant agencies about lease renewals, and examinations
                              of agency program requirements that will affect agencies’ real property
                              needs. In addition, each agency has initiated a special nationwide effort to
                              identify unneeded properties and develop an effective strategy for better
                              aligning its real property assets with each agency’s changing mission.

                              In examining their real property portfolios, GSA and VA officials told us
                              that they generally rely on GSA’s governmentwide regulations concerning
                              vacant and underutilized property as their guide for identifying such
                              properties. USPS officials told us that although USPS is exempt from these
                              regulations, they continuously strive to identify any real property assets
                              that are vacant or underutilized as part of their ongoing real property
                              oversight and management responsibilities. The regulations, among other
                              things, include various questions that agencies could consider in examining
                              their real property portfolios. For example, the questions involve such
                              matters as whether contemplated agency program changes will alter
                              property requirements or whether all of the property is essential for
                              program requirements. GSA officials said that each agency has unique
                              properties that serve different missions and has significant discretion in
                              interpreting these regulations as to when and how best to identify vacant
                              and underutilized properties. GSA officials also said that although there are
                              no governmentwide data on vacant and underutilized properties, each
                              agency is responsible for maintaining its own information on such
                              properties.



Identifying Vacant and        GSA headquarters officials are primarily responsible for monitoring the use
Underutilized Properties Is   of space in all of its properties to ensure that such space is efficiently used.
                              GSA headquarters officials also work with field officials to develop plans
a Decentralized Process
                              for enhancing the use of space in vacant and underutilized properties or
                              disposing of them. However, identifying vacant and underutilized
                              properties in GSA is largely a decentralized process and considered an
                              integral part of the routine real property management activities that GSA
                              headquarters expects its field officials to implement. Asset management
                              teams in GSA’s 11 regional offices are primarily responsible for real
                              property management activities, which include identifying vacant and
                              underutilized properties. The members of GSA’s regional office asset
                              management teams include various real property management officials,
                              such as portfolio directors, asset managers, realty specialists, and property
                              managers, who are usually located at or near specific properties. According
                              to GSA officials, these team members work together on a regular basis to



                              Page 8                      GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
manage the real properties for which they are responsible to ensure that
the properties are well maintained and that property occupants are
provided with space that will adequately meet their needs. Team members
also work together to manage the property so that, to the extent possible,
the property’s income, usually received from property tenants, covers or
exceeds the property’s expenses. GSA officials said that asset management
team members generally identify vacant and underutilized properties while
carrying out their day-to-day real property management responsibilities.
For example, a realty specialist, who is responsible for monitoring tenant
leases in a facility, will apprise other asset management team members of
any tenants who do not plan to renew their leases, which may cause the
facility to become vacant or underutilized. Also, other means may be used
to identify vacant and underutilized properties. For example, an asset
manager may periodically visit a property to make first-hand observations
about the overall condition of the property and the extent to which space in
the property is occupied. These asset managers also examine program
requirements and changing agency mission needs to determine if existing
space is adequate.

Like GSA, VA’s process for identifying vacant and underutilized properties
is decentralized. VA headquarters relies primarily on field staff to
continuously oversee and manage its real properties, which involves
identifying vacant and underutilized properties. In each of VA’s 21 regional
offices, referred to as Veterans Integrated Service Networks (VISN), the
VISN director is the key individual responsible for overall real property
management activities at VA locations. To identify vacant and underutilized
properties, the VISN director relies on various VA personnel, such as chief
facility engineers, who are usually located at or near the properties and are
most knowledgeable about them. According to VA officials, these
individuals generally work together with occupants of the VA property,
including medical center directors, hospital administrators, and chiefs of
medical departments, to ensure that the property is well maintained and
meets their needs for providing veterans with quality health care services.
At VA locations, vacant and underutilized properties are identified through
various methods. For example, a chief facility engineer may periodically
walk through a VA property to identify unoccupied space or solicit
information from property occupants about the extent to which space in
the property is being used. Also, some VA locations have strategic planning
committees that, among other things, are responsible for ensuring that
space in VA properties is well used and effectively responds to changing
mission needs. Members of these committees, most of which include the
associate medical center director and the chief facility engineer as well as



Page 9                     GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
                               medical staff representatives such as the medical center’s chief of surgery,
                               work together on a regular basis to review the utilization of space in VA
                               properties and identify specific properties or portions of properties that
                               may be vacant or underutilized.

                               Similar to GSA and VA, USPS has a decentralized process in which USPS
                               headquarters expects its field staff to be responsible for continuous
                               oversight and management of real properties, which includes identifying
                               vacant or underutilized properties. USPS officials told us that although
                               USPS is not subject to GSA’s governmentwide guidelines related to such
                               properties, field staff continuously strive to identify vacant and
                               underutilized properties as part of their day-to-day real property oversight
                               and management responsibilities. The vice presidents in charge of USPS’s 8
                               area offices and the Capital Metro office have overall responsibility for real
                               property operations in 85 district offices throughout the country. District
                               managers, who are in charge of district offices and report to area office
                               vice presidents, are responsible for the oversight and management of real
                               properties within their jurisdictions. District managers are usually located
                               at or near USPS properties and rely on various staff, including facility
                               engineers, facility specialists, and architect-engineers, for day-to-day
                               oversight and management of real properties, which includes identifying
                               properties or portions of properties that are vacant or underutilized.
                               According to USPS officials, USPS field staff may use various methods to
                               identify these types of properties, such as periodic site visits to observe
                               how space in properties is used and annual real property reviews to
                               identify future space needs. Also, USPS field staff may receive information
                               from occupants about space utilization changes. For example, a postmaster
                               in charge of a post office may notify a facility specialist in the district office
                               that changes to mail delivery routes have reduced the post office’s
                               workload, thus creating some vacant space in the post office that may no
                               longer be needed.



GSA, VA, and USPS Have         All three agencies have recognized the importance of realigning their real
Begun Nationwide               property portfolios by identifying and disposing of unneeded real property.
                               Recently, each agency has initiated a special nationwide effort to identify
Initiatives to Realign Their
                               unneeded properties and develop a strategy for better aligning its real
Real Property Portfolios       property assets with each agency’s changing mission. GSA has recognized
                               that it has many buildings in its portfolio, including vacant and
                               underutilized properties that are not financially self-sustaining—not
                               generating sufficient income to cover expenses—or for which there is not a
                               substantial, long-term federal purpose or predominant federal need. In



                               Page 10                     GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
June 2001, GSA initiated an overall effort—commonly referred to as the
portfolio restructuring initiative—to restructure and reinvest in the
portfolio. The objective of this initiative is to better align GSA’s properties
with its mission of providing quality space and services at a cost that is
competitive with the private sector. According to GSA officials, GSA is
currently developing plans for enhancing the utilization of its buildings or
disposing of them. GSA plans to complete implementation of the portfolio
restructuring initiative by 2007 and expects by that time to have a portfolio
of strong, income-producing properties that is much more responsive to
changing agency mission needs.

In August 1999, we reported that VA could enhance veterans’ health care
benefits if it reduced the level of resources spent on underused or
inefficient buildings and used these resources instead to provide health
care more efficiently in existing locations or closer to where veterans
live.12 We recommended that VA develop asset-restructuring plans for all of
its health care delivery markets to, among other things, help guide future
decision-making about capital real property investments. In responding to
this recommendation, VA recognized the need to strategically realign its
real property assets to better serve veterans’ health needs and began a
process in October 2000 known as the Capital Asset Realignment for
Enhanced Services (CARES). VA initiated the CARES process to, among
other things, reduce its large inventory of vacant and underutilized
buildings and the significant costs required to maintain them. Many of the
buildings became vacant and underutilized when VA began shifting its role
in the mid-1990s from being a traditional hospital-based provider of
medical services to an integrated delivery system that emphasizes a full
continuum of care with a significant shift from inpatient to outpatient
services. To get a better perspective on the extent to which vacant and
underutilized properties existed nationwide, VA headquarters developed a
database that identified these properties and that was used in the CARES
process to identify space conditions in these properties. Through CARES,
VA expects to develop a nationwide strategic plan that identifies the capital
real property assets needed to meet veterans’ health care needs as well as
those assets that are no longer needed.

In August 2002, VA announced the results of its CARES pilot test—a plan to
realign capital real property assets in its Great Lakes network, which


12
 U.S. General Accounting Office, VA Health Care: Improvements Needed in Capital Asset
Planning and Budgeting, GAO/HEHS-99-145 (Washington, D.C.: Aug. 13, 1999).




Page 11                       GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
involves restructuring inpatient facilities and opening new outpatient
clinics in community settings to provide health care to veterans. As part of
this plan, VA identified 31 buildings that are no longer needed to meet
veterans’ health care needs, including 30 that were vacant, and has
developed or implemented alternative use or disposal plans for most of
these buildings.13 Currently, VA is conducting CARES studies in its 20 other
health care networks. VA’s goal is to make property realignment decisions
by the end of 2003; at that time, given its extensive inventory of buildings
nationwide, VA expects that many additional buildings will have been
identified as not needed for use in providing health care to veterans.

VA officials told us that in addition to CARES, VA has initiated other actions
to address vacant and underutilized real properties. For example, under its
enhanced-use leasing program, VA has entered into various public-private
partnerships to help improve the use of some of its vacant and
underutilized facilities.14 Also, in July 2001, VA established the Office of
Asset Enterprise Management, which provides oversight of VA’s real
property assets by evaluating the effectiveness of the implementation of
real property asset management policies, principles, standards, and
guidelines that govern the acquisition, management, and disposal of such
assets. In addition, VA officials said that VA (1) has established 7 capital
portfolio goals that are designed to help VA better manage its real property
assets—3 of these goals focus on reducing the amount of vacant and
underutilized space in its facilities; and (2) is developing a portfolio
management information system known as the Capital Asset Management
System that will enable VA to measure performance and monitor progress
in attaining these goals.

USPS has also recognized the need for addressing problems associated
with vacant and underutilized properties. Faced with such challenges as
changing customer needs, declining mail volumes, rising costs, and
increasing security concerns, USPS issued a transformation plan in April
2002. In the plan, USPS discussed the need for a comprehensive
transformation of USPS to ensure that it will be financially viable and can
adequately fulfill its mission of providing the nation with postal services in


13
 U.S. General Accounting Office, VA Health Care: Improved Planning Needed for
Management of Excess Real Property, GAO-03-326 (Washington, D.C.: Jan. 29, 2003).
14
  38 U.S.C. §8161 (2002) et seq. VA has its own authority to enter into partnerships to lease
its properties to nongovernmental entities. In turn, these entities develop, rehabilitate, or
renovate the properties.




Page 12                          GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
                        the 21st century. USPS also discussed the need to review and modify its
                        infrastructure of postal facilities so that it can enhance customer service
                        and control costs. Among other things, USPS identified various actions it
                        plans to take regarding the process for closing and consolidating unneeded
                        postal facilities. For example, USPS stated that it will lift the self-imposed
                        moratorium on post office closings and consolidations. In addition, USPS
                        plans to work with the Postal Rate Commission to streamline the post
                        office closing process to minimize the amount of time it takes to reach
                        decisions about post office closures. According to USPS officials, USPS
                        will be continuously reviewing its entire postal infrastructure to, among
                        other things, develop plans for realigning postal facilities to ensure that the
                        facilities will adequately fulfill USPS’s mission needs. The officials told us
                        that as these reviews are completed, USPS will publicly announce its plans
                        for realigning postal facilities.



Numbers, Types, and     As of October 1, 2002, GSA, VA, and USPS reported having a total of 927
                        vacant and underutilized real properties—including a wide range of
Locations of GSA, VA,   facilities and land—located throughout the 50 states and in the District of
and USPS Vacant and     Columbia and Puerto Rico.15 Of the 3 agencies, VA reported having the
                        highest number of vacant and underutilized real properties—a total of 577
Underutilized Real      properties. GSA was second with 236 vacant and underutilized properties;
Properties              and USPS was third with 114 vacant and underutilized properties.16 Table 1
                        shows a breakdown of the total numbers of vacant and underutilized
                        facilities and land at the 3 agencies.




                        15
                           The identification and disposal of vacant and underutilized property is an ongoing process.
                        Given this, the numbers of properties are subject to constant change.
                        16
                          The 927 vacant and underutilized properties—including 807 facilities and 120 tracts of
                        land, which totaled about 2,000 acres—represented a small portion of the total number of
                        properties held by these 3 agencies. Specifically, as of October 1, 2002, the 3 agencies owned
                        a total of about 14,900 facilities and 44,900 acres of land, with GSA holding about 1,700
                        facilities and 8,700 acres of land; VA holding about 4,900 facilities and 15,600 acres of land;
                        and USPS holding about 8,300 facilities and 20,600 acres of land.




                        Page 13                          GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
Table 1: Total Number of Vacant and Underutilized Real Properties Reported by
GSA, VA, and USPS as of October 1, 2002

                                      Number of vacant and underutilized properties
Agency                              Facilities             Land              Total Percent of total
GSA                                         236                0              236                26
VA                                          533               44              577                62
USPS                                         38               76              114                12
Total                                       807              120              927             100%
Source: GAO analysis of GSA, VA, and USPS data.


In commenting on a draft of this report, the Commissioner of GSA’s Public
Buildings Service said that the report overstated the number of vacant and
underutilized properties in GSA’s inventory. He said that the 236 GSA
properties cited in the report include 43 properties representing about 8
million square feet of space that are already committed to being used and
37 small, unoccupiable support properties, such as pump houses, that are
necessary to the functioning of occupiable space. We did not change the
total number of GSA’s properties as GSA suggested because the 236
properties met our criteria of being vacant or underutilized as of October 1,
2002. Furthermore, most of the 43 committed properties remain vacant or
underutilized, and most of the 37 support properties have vacant or
underutilized rentable square feet. However, to reflect GSA’s concern, we
modified appendix II—the list of GSA’s vacant and underutilized properties
as of October 1, 2002—to specifically identify those properties that GSA
said were committed to being used and small properties that support
occupiable space.

GSA, VA, and USPS data showed that of the 927 properties, 600, or about 65
percent, were vacant properties; and 327, or about 35 percent, were
underutilized properties. As shown in figure 2, VA and USPS reported
having more vacant than underutilized properties, whereas GSA reported
having more underutilized than vacant properties.




Page 14                                    GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
Figure 2: Breakdown of the Numbers of Vacant and Underutilized Real Properties
Reported by GSA, VA, and USPS as of October 1, 2002




Table 2 provides more detailed information on the numbers of vacant and
underutilized properties at each of the 3 agencies.




Page 15                     GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
Table 2: Information on Vacant and Underutilized Real Properties Reported by GSA, VA, and USPS as of October 1, 2002

                                                                            Number of underutilized                 Total number of vacant and
                            Number of vacant properties                          properties                          underutilized properties
                                                          Total vacant
Agency                     Facilities             Landa     properties           Facilities            Land          Facilities          Land        Total
GSA                                  93              0               93                143                 0               236               0        236
VA                                 352              44              396                181                 0               533              44        577
USPS                                 35             76              111                   3                0                38              76        114
Total                              480             120              600                327                 0               807             120        927
Source: GAO analysis of GSA, VA, and USPS data.
                                                          a
                                                           The two agencies that identified land properties—VA and USPS—considered these properties to be
                                                          vacant.




                                                          Page 16                             GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
As table 2 shows, most of the vacant and underutilized properties were
facilities—807 of 927 properties, or about 87 percent—and these facilities
included a wide range of structures. Most of GSA’s vacant and underutilized
facilities included office buildings, warehouses, and storage facilities. VA’s
vacant and underutilized facilities were buildings that were generally
located on medical complexes in campus-like settings. These facilities
typically included various medical buildings, such as hospitals, medical
centers, and nursing homes along with structures that supported the
medical buildings, such as garages and storage buildings. Most of USPS’s
facilities included post offices, stations, and branches. The 807 facilities
represented a total of about 32.1 million square feet of space.17 Although VA
reported having the highest number of facilities, GSA’s facilities had the
highest amount of square footage. Specifically, GSA reported that its
facilities had about 18.4 million square feet,18 or 57 percent of the total
square footage belonging to the 3 agencies; VA reported that its facilities
had about 9.4 million square feet, or 29 percent, of the total square footage;
and USPS reported that its facilities had about 4.3 million square feet, or 13
percent, of the total square footage.19

In addition, the sizes of the facilities ranged from less than 10,000 square
feet to over 100,000 square feet, with about half of the facilities under
10,000 square feet. Of the 63 properties that were over 100,000 square feet,
6 were over 500,000 square feet, with 1 of the 6 facilities having about 2.5
million square feet of space. Table 3 shows the ranges of facility sizes.




17
  Our review of the square footage data for these facilities revealed that 31 GSA facilities had
no rentable square footage. GSA officials told us that generally, such facilities could not be
rented because various structural or environmental conditions made them unsuitable for
tenant occupation.
18
 In commenting on a draft of this report, GSA’s Commissioner of the Public Buildings
Service said that about 8 million square feet of this space was already committed to being
occupied.
19
     Percentages do not add to 100 due to rounding.




Page 17                           GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
Table 3: Ranges of Facility Sizes for All 3 Agencies—GSA, VA, and USPS—as of
October 1, 2002

Range of size                              Vacant       Underutilized
(square feet)                            facilities         facilities      Total   Percent of total
0 to 10,000                                       324              94        418                 52
10,001 to 50,000                                  117             141        258                 32
50,001 to 100,000                                 19               49          68                 8
Over 100,000                                      20               43          63                 8
Total                                             480             327        807              100%
Source: GAO analysis of GSA, VA, and USPS data.


It should be noted that the three agencies have taken actions or have
planned actions to improve the use of some of these facilities or dispose of
them. For example, through its portfolio restructuring initiative, GSA has
developed plans to do repair and alteration work at 46 buildings and use
the space in these buildings to house other federal agencies. In addition,
GSA anticipates that 44 other buildings will ultimately be candidates for
disposal. By the end of 2003, VA expects that its CARES process will result
in a nationwide strategic plan that, among other things, will not only help
VA improve the use of space in its facilities but also identify those real
property assets that are no longer needed. Also, USPS has ongoing efforts
to sell unneeded properties. For example, during 2002, USPS generated a
total of $25.5 million in revenue from the sales of unneeded properties,
which was an increase over similar sales in 2001 that totaled $22.7 million.

Of the three agencies, only VA and USPS reported having vacant land. As of
October 1, 2002, VA and USPS identified a total of 120 tracts of vacant land,
which amounted to a total of about 2,000 acres. The land tracts ranged in
size from less than 1 acre to 174 acres. As shown in table 4, 80, or about 67
percent, of the tracts of land owned by VA and USPS fell into the category
of less than 1 acre to 10 acres. Only 9 properties fell into the category of
more than 50 acres, with VA having most of these properties.




Page 18                                    GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
Table 4: Size Ranges for Vacant Land Reported by VA and USPS as of October 1,
2002

                                                         Number of land tracts
Range of size (acres)                                         VA     USPS     Total   Percent of total
Less than 1 to 10                                             13         67      80                67
11 to 50                                                      24          7      31                26
More than 50                                                    7         2       9                 8
Total                                                         44         76    120             100%a
Source: GAO analysis of VA and USPS data.
a
Percentages do not add to 100 due to rounding.


As previously mentioned, our analysis of GSA, VA, and USPS data showed
that the 927 vacant or underutilized properties were located throughout the
50 states and in the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico. GSA’s vacant and
underutilized properties were located in 42 states and the District of
Columbia, and VA’s vacant and underutilized properties were located in 47
states and the District of Columbia. USPS’s vacant and underutilized
properties were located in 33 states and Puerto Rico. These 927 vacant and
underutilized properties were located in 294 cities in the United States and
Puerto Rico. Some of these vacant and underutilized properties were
located in large metropolitan cities, such as Los Angeles, California;
Chicago, Illinois; and Dallas, Texas; others were in smaller cities, such as
Newington, Connecticut; Marion, Indiana; and Canton, Ohio. The data also
showed that 49 locations had 5 or more of these properties. The highest
numbers of vacant and underutilized properties were reported for Los
Angeles, California, which had a total of 54 properties; and Fort Howard,
Maryland, which had a total of 43 properties. A list of GSA’s vacant and
underutilized real properties is included in appendix II. Lists of vacant and
underutilized real properties for VA and USPS are included in appendixes
III and IV, respectively. Appendix V identifies the 49 locations that had 5 or
more vacant and underutilized properties.

GSA, VA, and USPS officials explained that each vacant or underutilized
property has a unique history that, among other things, involves how long
the property has been vacant or underutilized and the reasons why the
property became vacant or underutilized. The officials told us that real
property staff in field locations who have direct responsibility for oversight
and management of vacant and underutilized properties would be in the
best position to provide detailed information on the history of these
properties. The officials explained that in all likelihood, changing agency



Page 19                                     GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
mission needs along with other problems, such as the advanced age of
various vacant and underutilized properties and their deteriorated
condition, were the most common factors that led to the properties
becoming vacant or underutilized.

GSA, VA, and USPS officials said that although some vacant and
underutilized federal properties have potential for alternate uses, the
properties have for various reasons remained vacant or underutilized for
years. For example, as discussed in our July 2001 report on public-private
partnerships, the GSA-held property that is shown in figure 3—the L.
Mendel Rivers federal office building in Charleston, South Carolina—has
been vacant for about 4 years.20 According to GSA officials, this facility—a
7-story, 100,000-square-foot building on just over 2 acres—has no rentable
square footage. The facility is contaminated with asbestos and has been
unoccupied since it sustained damage in 1999 from Hurricane Floyd. We
reported that although there was a weak federal demand for space where
the property is located, the property is located in a highly desirable location
where land values are high, and there was a strong potential for private
sector demand. GSA officials estimated that in fiscal year 2002, a total of
about $28,000 was spent to cover various building operations and
maintenance expenses, such as fire protection and utilities. A GSA official
told us that as of April 2003, GSA and the city of Charleston had developed
a memorandum of understanding, which states that the city of Charleston
will construct a new building for GSA and, in exchange, the city will take
control of the L. Mendel Rivers building. The official estimated that the city
should be able to proceed with the new GSA building project in the summer
of 2003.




20
 U.S. General Accounting Office, Public-Private Partnerships: Pilot Program Needed to
Demonstrate the Actual Benefits of Using Partnerships, GAO-01-906 (Washington, D.C.:
July 25, 2001).




Page 20                       GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
Figure 3: Example of Vacant GSA-Owned Property—the L. Mendel Rivers Federal
Building in Charleston, South Carolina




Note: Provided by Ernst & Young LLP for use in our July 2001 report on public-private partnerships
(GAO-01-906).


Another example of a long-held vacant property involves a VA-owned
building at a health care facility campus in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. This
134,000-square-foot building, which is shown in figure 4, has been vacant
for about 14 years. The building had been used as the campus’ main
hospital but was vacated in 1989 primarily because a new main hospital
was built on the campus. VA officials told us that in June 1999, a consulting
firm—Economic Research Associates—issued a study in which it identified
various options for VA to consider in trying to enhance the use of various
vacant and underutilized buildings on the Milwaukee campus, including the
former main hospital building.21 On the basis of the study’s results, VA
officials told us that a substantial investment of capital would in all


21
 Economic Research Associates, Report for Enhanced-Use Options, Zablocki VA Medical
Center, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, Submitted to Department of Veterans Affairs, ERA Project
Number: 12460 (Apr. 1998; Re-Issue June 1999).




Page 21                            GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
likelihood be needed to convert this building for alternate use. For
example, to convert the building for use as housing for the elderly, the
study estimated that about $8.4 million to $9.3 million would be needed. VA
officials also mentioned that various organizations, such as the Salvation
Army and the Knights of Columbus, expressed some interest in leasing the
building; but thus far, VA has not received any firm offers from these
organizations. VA officials told us that in fiscal year 2001, VA incurred about
$348,000 in maintenance costs for this building, which included such
expenses as utilities, pest management, and security. Also, the officials said
that VA currently has no alternate use or disposal plans for this building.



Figure 4: Example of Vacant VA-Owned Property—the Former Main Hospital
Building on the Milwaukee, Wisconsin, Health Facility Campus




Note: Photograph taken in December 2001.


An example of a vacant USPS facility is the former Chicago Main Post
Office located in downtown Chicago, Illinois, which is shown in figure 5.
This 2.5-million-square-foot former post office and mail processing facility



Page 22                         GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
has not been used as the main post office since 1997—about 6 years—when
it was replaced with a new postal facility. According to USPS officials,
annual holding costs for this property exceed $2 million. The officials also
told us that although USPS has received various offers to purchase this
facility, attempts to complete the sale have thus far been delayed due
mainly to (1) an overall weakness in the Chicago real estate market, which
has raised concerns about whether a sufficient number of tenants could be
found to occupy the facility; and (2) the inability of potential developers
and the city of Chicago to agree on real estate tax abatement issues.
According to USPS, there will have to be a breakthrough in current market
conditions, together with an agreement between potential developers and
the city of Chicago, before this project can move forward.



Figure 5: Example of Vacant USPS-Owned Property—the Former Main Post Office in
Chicago, Illinois




Note: Photograph taken in approximately 1995.




Page 23                          GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
Vacant and Underutilized     As noted in the above examples, the efficient use or disposal of unneeded
Properties Pose Challenges   real property, including vacant and underutilized property, poses
                             significant challenges for federal agencies.22 As discussed in our January
for Federal Agencies         2003 high-risk report on federal real property, disposal of unneeded real
                             property is a complicated issue influenced by various laws as well as
                             budgetary limitations.23 The high-risk report pointed out that in the disposal
                             area, a range of laws intended to address other objectives challenges
                             agencies’ efforts to dispose of unneeded property. For example, USPS is
                             specifically precluded from closing small post offices solely for economic
                             reasons.24 Furthermore, agencies are required under the National
                             Environmental Policy Act to consider the environmental impact of their
                             decisions to dispose of real property. Generally speaking, agencies are
                             responsible for environmental cleanup of any hazardous substances
                             associated with the properties prior to disposal, such as medical wastes,
                             asbestos, and lead paint. Despite the importance of this, cleanup costs can
                             be considerable and can involve years of study. For property with historic
                             designations—which is common in the federal portfolio—agencies are
                             required by the National Historic Preservation Act to ensure that historic
                             preservation is factored into how the property is eventually used.

                             The high-risk report also pointed out that most agencies cannot retain the
                             proceeds from the sale of unneeded property. Given that agencies are
                             required to fund the costs of preparing property for disposal, the inability
                             to retain any of the proceeds acts as an additional disincentive. The report
                             further pointed out that public-private partnership arrangements can be a
                             viable option for redeveloping obsolete federal property when they provide
                             the best economic value for the government, compared with other options,
                             such as federal financing through appropriations or sale of the property.
                             However, most agencies are precluded from entering into such
                             arrangements. The high-risk report recommended the development of a
                             comprehensive and integrated real property transformation strategy that,
                             among other things, could identify how best to realign and rationalize
                             federal real property and dispose of unneeded real property assets.


                             22
                              In a February 2000 report—U.S. General Accounting Office: Accrual Budgeting:
                             Experiences of Other Nations and Implications for the United States, GAO/AIMD-00-57
                             (Washington, D.C.: Feb. 18, 2000)—we discussed how some countries have encouraged the
                             efficient use of real property assets.
                             23
                                  GAO-03-122.
                             24
                                  39 U.S.C. 101(b).




                             Page 24                      GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
                      Continuing to hold unneeded vacant and underutilized properties is costly
                      to the government and can present an image of waste and inefficiency that
                      erodes taxpayer confidence. Given this, we plan to continue monitoring
                      federal agencies’ efforts to realign their real property portfolios. These
                      efforts can help the agencies respond to changing mission needs and
                      reduce the large number of vacant and underutilized properties in their real
                      property inventories.



Agency Comments and   We received written comments on a draft of this report from GSA’s
                      Commissioner of the Public Buildings Service on June 23, 2003 (see app.
Our Evaluation        VI). He said that the report overstates the amount of underutilized space in
                      GSA’s inventory. He said that the current list of GSA properties in the report
                      includes vacant space that was not available for assignment because it is
                      already committed, such as space being renovated for a customer agency.
                      He stated that revising our list of vacant and underutilized properties to
                      recognize properties committed to being occupied would reduce the total
                      number of properties by 43—from 236 to 193—and the square footage from
                      18.2 million to 10.3 million. In addition, he said that the number of vacant
                      and underutilized properties is inflated by the inclusion of 37 small support
                      properties that were unoccupiable, such as a pump house or a parking lot
                      booth, but necessary to the functioning of occupiable space. The
                      Commissioner went on to say that support properties are small and have
                      little impact on the square footage of underutilized space reported, but the
                      inclusion of these properties does disproportionately affect the number of
                      underutilized properties. He stated that as of March 2003, the vacant
                      assignable space in GSA’s owned inventory, which he said was the
                      commonly accepted private sector measure of vacancy, was 10 million
                      square feet, which was only 5.5 percent of GSA’s owned inventory. He also
                      said that this percent is well below industry averages. He went on to say
                      that as GSA implements its portfolio restructuring initiative, which is
                      discussed earlier in this report, it will further improve the performance of
                      its real property portfolio. For example, phasing out GSA’s warehouses will
                      reduce the current list of vacant and underutilized properties by 48
                      buildings.

                      We did not change the total number of GSA’s vacant and underutilized
                      properties in the report. One of our objectives was to identify all vacant and
                      underutilized properties in GSA’s inventory as of October 1, 2002, so that
                      we could provide an overview of these types of properties at a given point
                      in time. According to GSA data, the 43 properties, which GSA said were
                      committed to future use, and the 37 properties, which GSA said were



                      Page 25                    GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
support properties, met our criteria as vacant or underutilized properties as
of October 1, 2002. Furthermore, based on updated information that we
obtained from GSA, 37 of the 43 properties that GSA said were committed
to future use remained vacant or underutilized as of May 1, 2003. In
addition, 30 of the 37 support properties that GSA cites as unoccupiable
had rentable space that GSA reported as vacant or underutilized.

In the report, we provided specific information on the types, sizes, and
vacancy rates for all properties reported by GSA, including committed and
support properties, which provides transparency and context for
understanding the nature of these properties. In addition, we stated in the
report that the identification and disposal of vacant and underutilized
property is an ongoing process, with the numbers of properties thus
subject to constant change. Also, we recognized in the report that GSA (1)
has developed plans to do repair and alteration work at 46 buildings and
use the space in these buildings to house other federal agencies and (2)
anticipates that 44 other buildings will ultimately be candidates for
disposal. However, we reflected GSA’s concern in the report and modified
appendix II—the list of all GSA vacant and underutilized properties as of
October 1, 2002—to specifically identify those properties that GSA
identified as committed to being used and as support facilities necessary to
the functioning of occupiable space. We did not verify the data that GSA
provided on committed space and support properties.

We applaud GSA’s efforts to restructure its real property portfolio and its
current progress in reducing vacant assignable space. GSA’s current
portfolio restructuring initiative, if implemented effectively, can go a long
way toward better aligning GSA’s properties to provide quality space and
services at a cost that is competitive with the private sector and to reduce
the number of vacant and underutilized properties in its real property
inventory. GSA also provided technical comments that were incorporated
in the report where appropriate.

On June 23, 2003, we received oral comments from VA’s Assistant Secretary
for Management and USPS’s Managers of Facilities Program Management
and Realty Asset Management. They generally agreed with the information
in the report and provided technical comments that were incorporated in
the report where appropriate.


We will send copies of the report to the appropriate congressional
committees, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, the



Page 26                    GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
Administrator of GSA, the Secretary of the Department of Veterans Affairs,
and the Postmaster General. Copies will also be made available to other
interested parties on request. In addition, the report will be available at no
charge on our Web site at www.gao.gov.

Contacts and staff acknowledgments for this report are included in
appendix VII. If you or your staff have any questions, please contact me at
(202) 512-2834 or at goldsteinm@gao.gov.




Mark L. Goldstein
Acting Director, Physical Infrastructure Issues




Page 27                    GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
List of Congressional Requesters

The Honorable Susan Collins
United States Senate

The Honorable James M. Jeffords
United States Senate

The Honorable Carl Levin
United States Senate

The Honorable Jack Reed
United States Senate

The Honorable Olympia J. Snowe
United States Senate

The Honorable Arlen Specter
United States Senate

The Honorable Luis Gutierrez
House of Representatives

The Honorable Marcy Kaptur
House of Representatives

The Honorable Dale Kildee
House of Representatives

The Honorable Steven C. LaTourette
House of Representatives

The Honorable Marty Meehan
House of Representatives

The Honorable Jack Quinn
House of Representatives

The Honorable Bart Stupak
House of Representatives




Page 28                    GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
Appendix I

Objectives, Scope, and Methodology                                                               AA
                                                                                                  ppp
                                                                                                    ep
                                                                                                     ned
                                                                                                       n
                                                                                                       x
                                                                                                       id
                                                                                                        e
                                                                                                        x
                                                                                                        Iis




              To meet the first objective, which was to provide information on how the
              General Services Administration (GSA), Department of Veterans Affairs
              (VA), and U.S. Postal Service (USPS) identified vacant and underutilized
              real properties, we reviewed, analyzed, and discussed with GSA and VA
              officials governmentwide real property management laws, regulations, and
              executive orders, which established criteria for most federal agencies to
              follow in accomplishing their responsibilities regarding vacant and
              underutilized real property. Also, because USPS is exempt from most
              federal laws dealing with real property, we reviewed appropriate legislation
              that authorizes USPS to sell, lease, or dispose of property under its general
              powers and discussed this legislation with USPS headquarters officials
              responsible for real property management operations. In addition, we
              reviewed various internal GSA, VA, and USPS documents, such as manuals,
              handbooks, and bulletins, which provided guidance on the agencies’
              procedures for identifying vacant and underutilized real property under
              their control. We also discussed these procedures with various
              headquarters and field officials from GSA, VA, and USPS who were
              responsible for and most knowledgeable about their agencies’ real property
              management operations involving vacant and underutilized property.

              To meet the second objective, which was to provide information on the
              numbers, types, and locations of vacant and underutilized real properties at
              the three agencies, we obtained data from agency headquarters officials at
              GSA, VA’s Veterans Health Administration, and USPS on their owned vacant
              and underutilized real properties—facilities and land—as of October 1,
              2002. In addition to identifying the numbers, types, and locations of such
              properties, we also examined, analyzed, and formatted the data to obtain
              some perspective and context about the characteristics of the properties,
              including size and vacancy rate. GSA suggested using a property’s vacancy
              rate as the basis for determining whether a facility could be considered
              vacant or underutilized. GSA officials told us that they considered a facility
              as underutilized if it had a vacancy rate of 26 percent or more.

              To establish a clearer distinction between vacant and underutilized
              facilities in this report, we considered a facility with a 100 percent vacancy
              rate to be vacant and a facility with a vacancy rate of 26 percent to 99
              percent to be underutilized. Using vacancy rates that GSA, VA, and USPS
              provided to us, we categorized the three agencies’ facilities as either vacant
              or underutilized. For the purposes of this report, all land properties were
              considered 100 percent vacant.




              Page 29                    GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
Appendix I
Objectives, Scope, and Methodology




The real property data provided by GSA, VA, and USPS were the only
centralized data available that could provide some indication of the
numbers, types, and locations of the three agencies’ vacant and
underutilized properties nationwide. We did some limited testing of the real
property data by discussing with agencies’ headquarters database
managers any apparent inconsistencies or inaccuracies we found with the
data. On the basis of those discussions, we adjusted the data to ensure that
the inconsistencies and inaccuracies we found were corrected or clearly
explained. We did not perform a detailed review of the three agencies’
computer systems that generated these data to determine the extent to
which significant errors or incompleteness in the key real property data
elements might exist. Also, we did not consider in our analysis the
appropriateness of how space was used in the agencies’ real properties. In
addition, we did not examine the extent to which agencies used GSA’s
governmentwide guidelines to identify vacant and underutilized properties.
As part of the initial request, we were also asked to develop information on
the impact that GSA, VA, and USPS vacant and underutilized properties had
on their real property operations and the local communities where the
properties are located. As agreed with congressional staff, it was decided
that this issue would be best pursued under a separate engagement.

We received written comments on a draft of this report from the
Commissioner of GSA’s Public Buildings Service and oral comments from
VA’s Assistant Secretary for Management and USPS’s Managers of Facilities
Program Management and Realty Asset Management. The comments we
received are discussed near the end of the letter, and GSA’s written
comments are included in appendix VI. We performed our work from
November 2002 through June 2003 in accordance with generally accepted
governmentwide auditing standards.




Page 30                       GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
Appendix II

List of Vacant and Underutilized Real
Properties Reported by the General Services
Administration as of October 1, 2002                                                                                              AppenIx
                                                                                                                                        di




State/entity (total                  Property location
number of properties                                                                                 Property size    Vacancy rate
in state/entity)     City                   Addressa                Type of property                 (square feet)b      (percent)c
Alabama (7)          Theodore               Hamilton Blvd           Depotd                                       0             100
                     Montgomery             15 Lee St               Fed bldg/courthoused                   119,751              96
                                                                                       e, f
                     Mobile                 167 St Louis St         Garage parking                           4,003              93
                     Gadsden                600 Broad St            Fed bldg/courthoused                    28,728              47
                                                                                                d
                     Selma                  908 Alabama Ave         Fed bldg/courthouse                     20,373              44
                     Jasper                 1710 Alabama Ave        Fed bldg/courthouseh                    23,812              39
                                                                                                d
                     Birmingham             1800 5th Ave N          Fed bldg/courthouse                    164,644              35
Alaska (2)           Anchorage              2nd Ave & Christensen   Motor poold, f                               0             100
                     Anchorage              222 W 8th Ave           Federal buildingd, g                    64,819              48
Arizona (3)          Tucson                 55 E Broadway St        Courthoused, g                          69,027             100
                     Phoenix                230 N First Ave         Fed bldg/courthoused, g                283,862              99
                     Phoenix                314 N Second Ave        Parking lotd, f                              0              80
Arkansas (1)         Hot Spgs Nat’l Park    Broadway & Reserve      Post office/courthoused, g              66,279              33
California (19)      Laguna Niguel          24000 Avila Rd          Support bldgd, f                        12,361             100
                     Alameda                620 Central Ave         Federal buildingh                        8,470             100
                     Alameda                620 Central Ave         Federal buildingh                        8,387             100
                                                                                       h
                     Alameda                620 Central Ave         Federal building                           689             100
                     San Francisco          5th & Mission St        Mint buildingh                               0             100
                                                                                       h
                     Vallejo                823 Marin St            Federal building                             0             100
                     Alameda                620 Central Ave         Federal buildingh                        8,406              74
                                                                                       h
                     Alameda                620 Central Ave         Federal building                         8,387              73
                     Sacramento             801 I St                Federal buildingd                      170,404              67
                                                                                       h
                     Alameda                620 Central Ave         Federal building                        17,042              63
                     Alameda                620 Central Ave         Federal buildingh                        9,271              63
                     Sacramento             650 Capitol Mall        Fed bldg/courthoused, g                355,302              57
                     Alameda                620 Central Ave         Federal buildingh                       22,654              45
                     Alameda                620 Central Ave         Federal buildingh                        8,466              42
                     Alameda                620 Central Ave         Federal buildingh                            0              42i
                     Merced                 18th & K Sts            Federal buildingh                       14,061              38
                     South San Francisco 1070 San Mateo Ave         Warehoused                             571,274              37
                                                                                              d, g
                     San Francisco          630 Sansome St          Appraisers building                    434,481              35
                     Sacramento             2800 Cottage Way        Federal bldg shopd, f                    5,126              33




                                           Page 31                       GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
                                           Appendix II
                                           List of Vacant and Underutilized Real
                                           Properties Reported by the General Services
                                           Administration as of October 1, 2002




(Continued From Previous Page)
State/entity (total                  Property location
number of properties                                                                                 Property size    Vacancy rate
in state/entity)     City                   Addressa                  Type of property               (square feet)b      (percent)c
Colorado (14)          Lakewood             W 6th Ave & Kipling St    Federal buildingd                     14,963             100
                       Lakewood             W 6th Ave & Kipling St    Federal buildingd                      8,878             100
                                                                                         d
                       Lakewood             W 6th Ave & Kipling St    Federal building                       2,083             100
                       Lakewood             W 6th Ave & Kipling St    Federal buildingd, f                   1,541             100
                                                                                         d, f
                       Lakewood             W 6th Ave & Kipling St    Federal building                       1,541             100
                       Lakewood             W 6th Ave & Kipling St    Federal buildingd                      5,128              92
                                                                                         d, f
                       Lakewood             W 6th Ave & Kipling St    Federal building                         372              81
                       Lakewood             W 6th Ave & Kipling St    Federal buildingd                     33,625              69
                                                                                         d, g
                       Lakewood             W 6th Ave & Kipling St    Federal building                     360,797              67
                       Lakewood             W 6th Ave & Kipling St    Federal buildingd, f                   1,957              52
                       Lakewood             W 6th Ave & Kipling St    Federal buildingd                     10,171              49
                       Lakewood             W 6th Ave & Kipling St    Federal buildingd                     12,837              36
                                                                                         d
                       Lakewood             W 6th Ave & Kipling St    Federal building                       5,180              36
                       Lakewood             W 6th Ave & Kipling St    Federal buildingd                        761              35
                                                                                         d
Connecticut (1)        New Haven            150 Court St              Federal building                     130,629              31
District of Columbia   Washington, DC       Second & C Sts SW         Federal buildingd, g                 477,039             100
(10)                   Washington, DC       2430 E St NW              Federal buildinge, g                  38,945             100
                       Washington, DC       M St SE                   Federal buildingd                     36,717             100
                                                                                         d, g
                       Washington, DC       726 Jackson Pl NW         Federal building                       6,842             100
                       Washington, DC       716 Jackson Pl NW         Federal buildingd, g                   4,422             100
                                                                                         d
                       Washington, DC       740 Jackson Pl NW         Federal building                       3,909             100
                       Washington, DC       600 Independence SW       Federal buildingd, g                 384,041              98
                                                                                        d
                       Washington, DC       Navy Yards                GPO field plant                       99,792              85
                       Washington, DC       2701 South Capitol St     Federal buildingd                     51,158              81
                                                                                         d, g
                       Washington, DC       9th & Constitution Ave    Federal building                     904,858              40
Florida (5)            Tampa                611 N Florida Ave         Courthouseh                           92,747             100
                       Tallahassee          110 East Park Ave         Courthoused                           48,827             100
                       West Palm Beach      801 Clematis St           Industrial buildingd                  14,903             100
                                                                                   d
                       Pensacola            100 Palafox St            Courthouse                            28,083              77
                       West Palm Beach      801 Clematis St           Federal buildingd                     76,711              49
                                                                                  d
Georgia (5)            Thomasville          404 Pinetree Blvd         Warehouse                              8,695             100
                       Albany               337 Broad Ave             Post office/courthouseh               25,793              74
                                                                                         d
                       Savannah             124 Barnard St            Federal building                      14,494              61
                       Athens               115 Hancock Ave           Post office/courthoused               41,487              48
                                                                                   d
                       Dublin               100 N Franklin St         Courthouse                            21,120              31




                                           Page 32                        GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
                                             Appendix II
                                             List of Vacant and Underutilized Real
                                             Properties Reported by the General Services
                                             Administration as of October 1, 2002




(Continued From Previous Page)
State/entity (total                    Property location
number of properties                                                                                       Property size    Vacancy rate
in state/entity)     City                     Addressa                  Type of property                   (square feet)b      (percent)c
Idaho (1)             Boise                   304 N 8th St              Fed bldg/post officeh                     65,950              46
Illinois (1)          Danville                201 N Vermillion St       Fed bldg/courthoused                      52,640              62
                                                                                                   d
Indiana (4)           New Haven               Bldg T-130                Federal building                           4,960             100
                      Elkhart                 327 W Marion St           Federal buildingh                              0             100
                                                                                                   d
                      New Haven               Bldg T-146                Federal building                               0             100
                      Jeffersonville          1201 East 10th St         Federal buildingd, f                      17,384              35
                                                                                                   d, g
Louisiana (4)         New Orleans             3819 Patterson Rd         Federal building                           1,136             100
                      Opelousas               Union & Vine              Fed bldg/post
                                                                        office/courthouseh                        38,380              54
                      Harahan                 400 Edwards Ave           Warehoused                               201,400              41
                                                                                        d, f
                      Harahan                 400 Edwards Ave           Pump house                                 1,706              40i
                                                                                                       d
Maine (1)             Houlton                 95 Interstate             Animal inspection                          3,676              37
                                                                                                   d
Maryland (37)         Silver Spring           1 New Hampshire Ave       Federal building                         407,498             100
                      Baltimore               Curtis Bay Depot          Warehoused                               151,622             100
                                                                                    d
                      Baltimore               Curtis Bay Depot          Warehouse                                144,685             100
                      Silver Spring           25 Goddard Rd             Federal buildingd, g                     130,700             100
                                                                                                   d
                      Silver Spring           20 Edison Rd              Federal building                          95,786             100
                      Middle River            2800 Eastern Ave          Federal buildingd                         73,025             100
                                                                                                   d, g
                      Silver Spring           132 Dahlgren Rd           Federal building                          39,202             100
                      Silver Spring           71 Maury Rd               Federal buildingd, g                      34,323             100
                                                                                                   d
                      Silver Spring           30 Lake Rd                Federal building                          32,998             100
                      Silver Spring           90 Bowditch Rd            Federal buildingd                         31,099             100
                                                                                                   d
                      Middle River            2800 Eastern Ave          Federal building                          25,642             100
                      Silver Spring           100 Bowditch Rd           Federal buildingd                         23,745             100
                                                                                                   d, g
                      Silver Spring           130 Dahlgren Rd           Federal building                          22,757             100
                      Silver Spring           70 Maury Rd               Federal buildingd, g                      22,051             100
                                                                                               d
                      Suitland                4510 Silver Hill Rd       Suitland house                             7,180             100
                      Silver Spring           206 Bowditch Rd           Federal buildingd                          5,029             100
                                                                                                   d
                      Silver Spring           203 Bowditch Rd           Federal building                           4,346             100
                      Middle River            2800 Eastern Ave          Flammable storaged, f                      1,124             100
                                                                                                   d, g
                      Silver Spring           10901 New Hampshire       Federal building
                                              Ave                                                                    588             100
                                                                                                   d
                      Silver Spring           203A Bowditch Rd          Federal building                             120             100
                      Silver Spring           108 Blandy Rd             Federal buildingd                              0             100
                                                                                                   d
                      Silver Spring           101 Bowditch Rd           Federal building                               0             100
                      Silver Spring           405 Bushnell Rd           Federal buildingd                              0             100




                                             Page 33                        GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
                                            Appendix II
                                            List of Vacant and Underutilized Real
                                            Properties Reported by the General Services
                                            Administration as of October 1, 2002




(Continued From Previous Page)
State/entity (total                   Property location
number of properties                                                                                                    Property size    Vacancy rate
in state/entity)     City                    Addressa                  Type of property                                 (square feet)b      (percent)c
Maryland (37)         Silver Spring          402-406 Dahlgren Rd       Federal buildingd                                            0             100
                      Silver Spring          T5 Dahlgren Rd            Federal buildingd                                            0             100
                                                                                                         d
                      Silver Spring          510 Sims Rd               Federal building                                             0             100
                      Silver Spring          323 Wilkes Rd             Federal buildingd                                            0             100
                                                                                                  d, f
                      Suitland               Suitland Complex          Heating plant                                                0             100
                      Middle River           2800 Eastern Ave          Federal buildingd                                      493,986              94
                                                                                          d, f
                      Middle River           2800 Eastern Ave          Oil house                                               16,216              67i
                                                                                                 d, f
                      Middle River           Eastern Blvd              Boiler house                                             6,604              67i
                      Middle River           Federal Depot             Flammable storaged, f                                      768              67i
                                                                                                         d
                      Suitland               4401 Suitland Rd          Federal building                                       317,545              56
                                                                                                         d
                      Salisbury              129 E Main St             Federal building                                        28,676              55
                      Middle River           2800 Eastern Ave          Federal buildingd                                    1,209,091              54
                      Rockville              2 W Montgomery Ave        Fed bldg/post officed                                   14,259              53
                      Baltimore             103 South Gay St           Appraisers buildingd                                   147,665              27
                                                                               d
Massachusetts (3)     Watertown              Arsenal St                Depot                                                      101             100
                      Watertown              Arsenal St                Depotd                                                      72             100
                      Pittsfield             78 Center St              Federal buildingd                                       27,364              44
Michigan (3)          Pontiac                142 Auburn                Federal buildingh                                            0             100
                      Kalamazoo              410 W Michigan Ave        Fed bldg/post
                                                                       office/courthoused                                      72,113              37
                                                                                                         d
                      Lansing                315 W Allegan             Federal building                                        97,161              33
Minnesota (5)         Minneapolis            212 Third Ave S           Federal buildingd                                      143,197              95
                                                                                   d, f
                      Fort Snelling          1 Federal Dr              Garage                                                  56,684              49
                      Fergus Falls           118 S Mill St             Post office/courthoused                                 46,573              45
                                                                                   d, f
                      Fort Snelling          1 Federal Dr              Garage                                                       0              28i
                                                                                                         d, g
                      Fort Snelling          1 Federal Dr              Federal building                                       605,430              26
                                                                                                                    h
Mississippi (3)       Vicksburg              120 Crawford St           Post office/courthouse                                  70,133              45
                      Oxford                 911 Jackson Ave           Post office/courthoused                                 68,193              44
                                                                                                                d
                      Tupelo                 500 W Main St             Fed bldg/post office                                    37,609              33




                                            Page 34                        GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
                                          Appendix II
                                          List of Vacant and Underutilized Real
                                          Properties Reported by the General Services
                                          Administration as of October 1, 2002




(Continued From Previous Page)
State/entity (total                 Property location
number of properties                                                                                   Property size    Vacancy rate
in state/entity)     City                  Addressa                  Type of property                  (square feet)b      (percent)c
Missouri (22)         St Louis            4300 Goodfellow            Federal buildingd                       233,206             100
                      Kansas City          607 Hardesty              Federal buildingh                       208,487             100
                                                                                         h
                      Kansas City          607 Hardesty              Federal building                        171,246             100
                      Kansas City          607 Hardesty              Federal buildingh                        88,838             100
                                                                                         h
                      Kansas City          607 Hardesty              Federal building                         18,098             100
                      St Louis             4300 Goodfellow           Federal buildingd                        15,919             100
                                                                                         h
                      Kansas City          607 Hardesty              Federal building                          8,640             100
                      Kansas City          607 Hardesty              Federal buildingh                           540             100
                                                                                    d
                      Kansas City          811 Grand Ave             Courthouse                                    0             100
                      St Louis             4300 Goodfellow           Federal buildingd, g                    311,446              80
                                                                                         d
                      St Louis             4300 Goodfellow           Federal building                         13,772              75
                      Kansas City          8930 Ward Pkwy            Federal buildinge, g                    191,765              74
                                                                                         d
                      St Louis             4300 Goodfellow           Federal building                         13,834              72
                      Kansas City          1500 E Bannister Rd       Federal buildingd, g                     13,918              58
                                                                                         d
                      St Louis             4300 Goodfellow           Federal building                         14,315              57
                      St Louis             4300 Goodfellow           Federal buildingd                        12,841              55
                                                                                         d
                      Kansas City          1200 E Bannister Rd       Federal building                         22,077              52
                      St Louis             4300 Goodfellow           Federal buildingd                        15,383              52
                                                                                         d
                      St Louis             4300 Goodfellow           Federal building                         13,260              44i
                                                                                                d, f
                      St Louis             4300 Goodfellow           Electrical substation                     3,070              44i
                      St Louis             4300 Goodfellow           Electrical substationd, f                 2,394              44i
                                                                                         d
                      St Louis             4300 Goodfellow           Federal building                         15,285              50
                                                                                         d, g
Nebraska (1)          Omaha                215 N 17th St             Federal building                        378,149              39
Nevada (4)            Las Vegas            300 Las Vegas Blvd S      Fed bldg/courthoused, g                 196,635              72
                                                                                                d, g
                      Reno                 300 Booth St              Fed bldg/courthouse                     121,695              66
                      Carson City          705 N Plaza               Fed bldg/post officed, g                 51,459              60
                      Las Vegas            600 Las Vegas Blvd        Federal buildingd, g                     85,694              29
New Hampshire (1)     Concord              55 Pleasant St            Federal buildingd                       109,602              80
                                                                                   d
New Jersey (1)        Belle-Mead           Bldg 101 GSA Depot        Warehouse                                     0             100
New Mexico (4)        Albuquerque          517 Gold Ave SW           Federal buildingd                       211,462              70
                                                                                         d
                      Roswell              Fifth & Richardson Ave    Federal building                         56,698              33
                      Albuquerque          500 Gold Ave SW           Federal buildingd, g                    309,520              27
                                                                                  d, f
                      Albuquerque          1800 Twelfth St NW        Motor pool                                3,108              27




                                          Page 35                        GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
                                          Appendix II
                                          List of Vacant and Underutilized Real
                                          Properties Reported by the General Services
                                          Administration as of October 1, 2002




(Continued From Previous Page)
State/entity (total                 Property location
number of properties                                                                                           Property size    Vacancy rate
in state/entity)     City                  Addressa                  Type of property                          (square feet)b      (percent)c
New York (7)          Binghamton           1151 Hoyt Ave             Warehouseh                                      200,429             100
                      Scotia               One Amsterdam Rd          Federal buildingd, g                              6,494             100
                                                                                 d, f
                      Manhattan            203-209 Centre St         Garage                                            4,132             100
                      Olean                517 North Barry St        SSA Trust Fund Bldgh                                  0             100
                                                                                            h
                      Binghamton           1151 Hoyt Ave             Federal building                                      0              42i
                                                                                        h
                      Binghamton           1151 Hoyt Ave             Warehouse                                             0              42i
                      Champlain            Route 9                   Border stationd                                   2,869              32
North Carolina (2)    Raleigh              300 Fayetteville St       Fed bldg/post officed                            73,787              35
                                                                                            d
                      Raleigh              310 New Bern Ave          Federal building                                334,206              34
North Dakota (3)      Dunseith             US Hwy 281 at             Border stationd, f
                                           Canadian Border                                                             1,300             100
                      Portal               US Hwy 52 at              Border stationd
                                           Canadian Border                                                               937             100
                      Bismarck             1st and Thayer            Parking lotd, f                                       0              39
                                                                             d
Ohio (3)              Sharonville          11935 Enterprise Dr       Depot                                                 0             100
                      Canton               201 Cleveland Ave         Federal buildingd                                73,154              54
                                                                                                        d, g
                      Cincinnati           100 E Fifth St            Post office/courthouse                          437,808              27
Oklahoma (6)          Ardmore              200 First Ave NW          Federal buildingh                                 5,284             100
                      Oklahoma City        2800 S Eastern Ave        Warehoused                                        5,460              93
                      Oklahoma City        200 NW Fifth St           Parking lotd, f                                  16,732              56
                                                                                                h
                      Jay                  Whitehead & Delaware      Fed bldg/post office                              8,907              51
                      Oklahoma City        2800 S Eastern Ave        Maintenance bldgd, f                              2,360              50
                                                                                                    e
                      McAlester            Third & Grand Ave         Fed bldg/courthouse                              17,617              31
Oregon (4)            Medford              North Runway Dr           Fleet mgmt centere, f, g                          3,230             100
                      Portland             511 NW Broadway           Federal buildingd                               122,529              49
                      Enterprise          201 W North St             Fed bldg/post officeh                            10,847              46
                      Portland             220 NW Eighth Ave         Custom housed                                    84,316              30
Pennsylvania (3)      Ambridge             521 8th St                Federal buildingh                                     0             100
                      Pittsburgh           700 Grant St              Post office/courthoused, g                      703,986              45
                      Erie                 617 State St              Federal buildingd, g                             47,538              35
South Carolina (3)    Charleston          334 Meeting St             Federal buildingh                                     0             100
                      Spartanburg          201 Magnolia St           Federal buildinge, g                             38,870              31
                                                                                            h
                      Sumter               Corner, Main & Caldwell   Federal building                                 11,054              30
South Dakota (2)      Aberdeen             102 4th Ave SE            Post office/courthoused                          48,709              41
                                                                                                d
                      Sisseton             205 E Oak St              Fed bldg/post office                             18,889              32




                                          Page 36                         GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
                                             Appendix II
                                             List of Vacant and Underutilized Real
                                             Properties Reported by the General Services
                                             Administration as of October 1, 2002




(Continued From Previous Page)
State/entity (total                    Property location
number of properties                                                                                               Property size    Vacancy rate
in state/entity)     City                     Addressa                  Type of property                           (square feet)b      (percent)c
Tennessee (3)         Greeneville             101 Summer St             Fed bldg/courthouseh                              25,465              98
                                                       nd
                      Clarksville             204 N 2 St                Federal buildingd                                 12,572              45
                                                                                                        h
                      Lafayette               118 E Locust St           Federal building                                  10,585              43
Texas (23)            Fort Worth              501 Felix St              Warehoused                                       261,099             100
                      Fort Worth              501 Felix St              Warehoused                                       144,259             100
                      Corpus Christi          521 Starr St              Courthouseh                                       26,187             100
                                                                                                        h
                      Brownsville             405 E Levee               Federal building                                   7,689             100
                      San Antonio             651 S Main Ave            Federal buildinge                                  6,643             100
                                                                                      d, f
                      Fort Worth              401 Texas                 Garage                                             3,802             100
                      Fort Worth              501 Felix St              Federal buildingd                                  2,321             100
                                                                                                        d
Texas (23)            San Antonio             651 S Main Ave            Federal building                                   1,211             100
                      Los Indios              100 Los Indios Blvd       Border stationd, g                                    79             100
                      Fort Worth              501 Felix St              Warehoused                                       265,774              97
                      Fort Worth              501 Felix St              Warehoused                                        96,649              94
                      Fort Worth              501 Felix St              Warehousee                                       255,736              73
                      Fort Worth              501 Felix St              Warehoused, g                                    266,707              60
                                                                               d, f
                      Fort Worth              501 Felix St              Shed                                                 391              47i
                                                                                                            d, f
                      Fort Worth              501 Felix St              Gas meter house                                      213              47i
                      Fort Worth              501 Felix St              Shedd, f                                             133              47i
                                                                                             d, f
                      Fort Worth              501 Felix St              Storehouse                                            92              47i
                      Fort Worth              501 Felix St              Oxygen storaged, f                                    90              47i
                                                                                                    d, f
                      Fort Worth              501 Felix St              Acetyl storage                                        90              47i
                      Fort Worth              501 Felix St              Storehoused, f                                        86              47i
                                                                               d, f
                      Fort Worth              501 Felix St              Shed                                                   0              47i
                      Fort Worth              501 Felix St              Warehousee                                       261,034              36
                      Fort Worth              501 Felix St              Warehoused                                       218,750              26
                                                                                                        d
Utah (3)              Clearfield              Clearfield Fed Depot      Federal building                                 128,885             100
                      Clearfield              Clearfield Fed Depot      Federal buildingd                                131,516              33
                                                                                                        e, g
                      Salt Lake City          125 S State St            Federal building                                 307,196              29
Vermont (5)           Alburg Springs          US Highway                Border stationd, g                                 2,873              52
                      Alburg Springs          US Highway                Garaged, f                                             0              52i
                                                                                                    d
                      West Berkshire          State Route 118           Border station                                     5,379              49
                                                                                                    d, g
                      Richford                State Route 105           Border station                                     6,838              43
                      Richford                State Route 105           Border stationd, g                                 6,343              30




                                             Page 37                        GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
                                          Appendix II
                                          List of Vacant and Underutilized Real
                                          Properties Reported by the General Services
                                          Administration as of October 1, 2002




(Continued From Previous Page)
State/entity (total                 Property location
number of properties                                                                                              Property size        Vacancy rate
in state/entity)     City                  Addressa                          Type of property                     (square feet)b          (percent)c
Virginia (2)          Staunton             1426 N Augusta St                 Federal buildingh                              3,950                100
                      Farmville            High & Main Sts                   Federal buildingh                              7,686                    89
                                                                                               d
Washington (1)        Vancouver            500 W 12th St                    Federal building                               20,677                    46
West Virginia (2)     Moundsville          7th & Lafayette St               Federal buildingd                                    0               100
                      Martinsburg          244 Needy Rd                      Unknowne, g                                 150,000                     81
Wisconsin (2)         Wausau               317 First St                      Federal buildingd                                   0               100
                      Eau Claire           500 S Barstow Commons Fed bldg/courthousee                                      24,449                    32
Total (236)           113 cities                                            236 properties                            18,428,566
Source: GSA.


                                          a
                                           Some GSA properties are installations that include more than one structure. For such structures,
                                          GSA’s database provided only the address for the installation. Thus, in some cases, more than one
                                          structure will have the same address.
                                          b
                                           Building size is in rentable square feet. Some buildings, such as those scheduled for demolition, have
                                          no rentable square feet.
                                          c
                                              This table includes all GSA buildings that had a vacancy rate of 26 percent or higher.
                                          d
                                           GSA officials told us that as of May 1, 2003, GSA was considering alternatives or implementing
                                          actions aimed at enhancing the utilization of this property or disposing of it.
                                          e
                                           GSA officials told us that as of May 1, 2003, this property was no longer vacant or underutilized
                                          because scheduled renovations for the property had been completed, and the property had a vacancy
                                          rate of 25 percent or less.
                                          f
                                          According to GSA officials, this property is a support structure necessary to the functioning of
                                          occupiable space.
                                          g
                                           According to GSA officials, this property includes vacant space that is committed for use. For
                                          example, in some cases, such space is being renovated for a customer agency.
                                          h
                                              GSA officials told us that as of May 1, 2003, GSA had initiated actions to dispose of this property.
                                          i
                                          GSA did not have vacancy rates for some buildings but had a vacancy rate for the entire installation on
                                          which the building was located. This vacancy rate is the installation vacancy rate.




                                          Page 38                                GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
Appendix III

List of Vacant and Underutilized Real
Properties Reported by the Department of
Veterans Affairs as of October 1, 2002                                                                                      Appen
                                                                                                                                Ix
                                                                                                                                 di




                                       Property location a                                Property size
State/entity (total                                                                    Buildings
number of properties in                                                                 (square          Land Vacancy rate
each state/entity)        City              Address             Type of propertyb           feet)      (acres)   (percent)c
Alabama (30)              Tuscaloosa        3701 Loop Rd        Land                                       55            100
                          Tuskegee          2400 Hospital Rd    Land                                       25            100
                          Montgomery        215 Perry Hill Rd   Land                                       12            100
                          Tuskegee          2400 Hospital Rd    VA building                48,000                        100
                          Tuskegee          2400 Hospital Rd    VA building                43,757                        100
                          Tuskegee          2400 Hospital Rd    VA building                17,298                        100
                          Tuskegee          2400 Hospital Rd    VA building                10,948                        100
                          Tuskegee          2400 Hospital Rd    VA building                10,346                        100
                          Tuskegee          2400 Hospital Rd    VA building                10,260                        100
                          Tuskegee          2400 Hospital Rd    VA building                 9,892                        100
                          Tuskegee          2400 Hospital Rd    VA building                 9,489                        100
                          Tuskegee          2400 Hospital Rd    VA building                 4,050                        100
                          Tuskegee          2400 Hospital Rd    VA building                 3,990                        100
                          Tuskegee          2400 Hospital Rd    VA building                 3,553                        100
                          Tuskegee          2400 Hospital Rd    VA building                 2,118                        100
                          Montgomery        215 Perry Hill Rd   Storage                     1,800                        100
                          Tuskegee          2400 Hospital Rd    VA building                   948                        100
                          Tuskegee          2400 Hospital Rd    VA building                   948                        100
                          Tuskegee          2400 Hospital Rd    VA building                   948                        100
                          Tuskegee          2400 Hospital Rd    VA building                   948                        100
                          Tuskegee          2400 Hospital Rd    VA building                   948                        100
                          Tuskegee          2400 Hospital Rd    VA building                   948                        100
                          Tuskegee          2400 Hospital Rd    VA building                   948                        100
                          Tuskegee          2400 Hospital Rd    VA building                   948                        100
                          Tuskegee          2400 Hospital Rd    VA building                59,188                         98
                          Tuscaloosa        3701 Loop Rd        VA building                27,125                         87
                          Tuskegee          2400 Hospital Rd    Linen                      10,400                         50
                          Tuscaloosa        3701 Loop Rd        Child care                 48,648                         49
                          Tuscaloosa        3701 Loop Rd        VA building                49,104                         48
                          Tuscaloosa        3701 Loop Rd        Administrative bldg         6,135                         33




                                             Page 39                GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
                                               Appendix III
                                               List of Vacant and Underutilized Real
                                               Properties Reported by the Department of
                                               Veterans Affairs as of October 1, 2002




(Continued From Previous Page)
                                         Property location a                                         Property size
State/entity (total                                                                                Buildings
number of properties in                                                                             (square        Land Vacancy rate
each state/entity)        City                Address                    Type of propertyb              feet)    (acres)   (percent)c
Arizona (4)               Prescott            500 Hwy 89 North           Administrative bldg           1,834                      100
                          Prescott            500 Hwy 89 North           Administrative bldg          19,153                       57
                          Prescott            500 Hwy 89 North           Administrative bldg           6,191                       44
                          Prescott            500 Hwy 89 North           Administrative bldg          12,476                       42
Arkansas (5)              North Little        2200 Foot Roots Dr         VA building
                          Rock                                                                        21,170                      100
                          North Little        2200 Foot Roots Dr         Storage
                          Rock                                                                         4,542                      100
                          North Little        2200 Foot Roots Dr         Research storage
                          Rock                                                                         3,485                      100
                          North Little        2200 Foot Roots Dr         Storage
                          Rock                                                                        13,099                       44
                          North Little        2200 Foot Roots Dr         VA building
                          Rock                                                                        20,272                       30
California (65)           Los Angeles         11301 Wilshire Blvd        Land                                        50           100
                          Mather AFB          10535 Hospital Way         Land                                        26           100
                          Oakland             150 Muir Rd                Land                                        23           100
                          Fresno              2615 E Clinton Ave         Land                                         1           100
                          Los Angeles         16111 Plummer St           VA building                 131,313                      100
                          Los Angeles         11301 Wilshire Blvd        VA building                  60,000                      100
                          Los Angeles         11301 Wilshire Blvd        VA building                  60,000                      100
                          Los Angeles         11301 Wilshire Blvd        Pharmacy                     55,886                      100
                          Los Angeles         11301 Wilshire Blvd        VA building                  52,604                      100
                          Los Angeles         16111 Plummer St           Gym                          24,432                      100
                          Los Angeles         16111 Plummer St           Mental health                22,072                      100
                          Los Angeles         16111 Plummer St           Storage                      20,000                      100
                          Los Angeles         11301 Wilshire Blvd        Chapel                        8,758                      100
                          Los Angeles         11301 Wilshire Blvd        Engineering                   8,000                      100
                          Los Angeles         11301 Wilshire Blvd        Repair shop                   6,648                      100
                          Los Angeles         11301 Wilshire Blvd        Engineering                   6,155                      100
                          Livermore           4951 Arroyo Rd             Engineering                   4,600                      100
                          Los Angeles         11301 Wilshire Blvd        Supply                        4,480                      100
                          Los Angeles         11301 Wilshire Blvd        Treatment center              4,187                      100
                                                                                               d
                          Livermore           4951 Arroyo Rd             Director's quarters           4,045                      100
                          Los Angeles         11301 Wilshire Blvd        VA building                   3,600                      100
                          Los Angeles         11301 Wilshire Blvd        Supply                        3,234                      100




                                               Page 40                       GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
                                             Appendix III
                                             List of Vacant and Underutilized Real
                                             Properties Reported by the Department of
                                             Veterans Affairs as of October 1, 2002




(Continued From Previous Page)
                                       Property location a                                       Property size
State/entity (total                                                                           Buildings
number of properties in                                                                        (square          Land Vacancy rate
each state/entity)        City              Address                    Type of propertyb           feet)      (acres)   (percent)c
California (65)           Los Angeles       11301 Wilshire Blvd        Dry clean                   3,000                        100
                                                                                         d
                          Los Angeles       16111 Plummer St           Living quarters             2,758                        100
                          Los Angeles       11301 Wilshire Blvd        VA building                 2,400                        100
                          Los Angeles       16111 Plummer St           VA building                 2,400                        100
                          San Francisco     4150 Clement St            Storage                     2,373                        100
                          Los Angeles       16111 Plummer St           VA building                 2,253                        100
                          Los Angeles       11301 Wilshire Blvd        Garage                      2,240                        100
                          Los Angeles       11301 Wilshire Blvd        Grounds locker              2,240                        100
                          Los Angeles       11301 Wilshire Blvd        Research trailer            1,978                        100
                          Los Angeles       11301 Wilshire Blvd        Research trailer            1,929                        100
                          Los Angeles       16111 Plummer St           Living quartersd            1,758                        100
                          Los Angeles       16111 Plummer St           Living quartersd            1,577                        100
                          Los Angeles       11301 Wilshire Blvd        Mobile house                1,400                        100
                          Los Angeles       11301 Wilshire Blvd        Mobile house                1,400                        100
                          Los Angeles       11301 Wilshire Blvd        Mobile house                1,400                        100
                          Los Angeles       11301 Wilshire Blvd        Research trailer            1,321                        100
                          Los Angeles       11301 Wilshire Blvd        Research trailer            1,303                        100
                          Menlo Park        795 Willow Rd              VA building                 1,300                        100
                          Los Angeles       11301 Wilshire Blvd        Research trailer            1,158                        100
                          Los Angeles       11301 Wilshire Blvd        Research trailer            1,141                        100
                          Los Angeles       16111 Plummer St           Living quartersd            1,072                        100
                          Los Angeles       16111 Plummer St           Living quartersd              998                        100
                          Los Angeles       11301 Wilshire Blvd        Restrooms                     960                        100
                          Los Angeles       11301 Wilshire Blvd        Grounds
                                                                       maintenance                   900                        100
                          Los Angeles       11301 Wilshire Blvd        VA building                   840                        100
                          Los Angeles       11301 Wilshire Blvd        Grounds
                                                                       maintenance                   800                        100
                          Los Angeles       11301 Wilshire Blvd        Engineering                   720                        100
                          Los Angeles       16111 Plummer St           VA building                   380                        100
                          Los Angeles       11301 Wilshire Blvd        Motor pool                    100                        100
                          Menlo Park        795 Willow Rd              Research                   15,200                         77
                          Los Angeles       16111 Plummer St           Administrative bldg        28,602                         66
                          Los Angeles       11301 Wilshire Blvd        Psychiatry                 33,333                         64
                          Los Angeles       16111 Plummer St           Research/clinic            44,395                         63




                                             Page 41                       GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
                                              Appendix III
                                              List of Vacant and Underutilized Real
                                              Properties Reported by the Department of
                                              Veterans Affairs as of October 1, 2002




(Continued From Previous Page)
                                        Property location a                                       Property size
State/entity (total                                                                             Buildings
number of properties in                                                                          (square         Land Vacancy rate
each state/entity)         City              Address                    Type of propertyb            feet)     (acres)   (percent)c
California (65)            Oakland           150 Muir Rd                Engineering                 1,978                         61
                           Palo Alto         3801 Miranda Ave           Engineering/laundry        20,300                         59
                           Mather AFB        10535 Hospital Way         Dental administration       1,440                         50
                           Los Angeles       11301 Wilshire Blvd        VA building                40,000                         33
                           Palo Alto         3801 Miranda Ave           Research                   60,083                         32
                           Los Angeles       16111 Plummer St           Outpatient care            73,350                         32
                           Los Angeles       351 East Temple            VA building               153,420                         31
                           Los Angeles       11301 Wilshire Blvd        Rehab                      52,099                         31
                           Los Angeles       11301 Wilshire Blvd        Administrative bldg        65,575                         30
                           Palo Alto         3801 Miranda Ave           Modular bldg               17,300                         29
Colorado (1)               Denver            1055 Clermont St           Chapel                      1,817                        100
Connecticut (12)           Newington         555 Willard Ave            Administrative bldg        13,131                        100
                           Newington         555 Willard Ave            Warehouse                   9,285                        100
                           Newington         555 Willard Ave            VA building                 3,630                        100
                           Newington         555 Willard Ave            Research                    3,050                        100
                           Newington         555 Willard Ave            VA building                 8,277                         99
                           Newington         555 Willard Ave            Research                   22,362                         92
                           Newington         555 Willard Ave            VA building                 9,032                         90
                           West Haven        950 Campbell Ave           Administrative bldg         3,880                         59
                           Newington         555 Willard Ave            VA building                 9,350                         56
                           West Haven        950 Campbell Ave           Administrative bldg         3,860                         55
                           Newington         555 Willard Ave            Facilities mgmt             5,975                         50
                           Newington         555 Willard Ave            Boiler plant               20,000                         33
Delaware (3)               Elsmere           1601 Kirkwood Hwy          VA building                13,326                        100
                           Elsmere           1601 Kirkwood Hwy          VA building                 4,570                        100
                           Elsmere           1601 Kirkwood Hwy          VA building                 3,736                        100
District of Columbia (1)   Washington,       50 Irving St. NW           Land
                           DC                                                                                      12            100
Florida (2)                Lake City         619 S Marion Ave           Land                                       36            100
                           West Palm         7305 N Military Trail      Land
                           Beach                                                                                   10            100




                                              Page 42                       GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
                                           Appendix III
                                           List of Vacant and Underutilized Real
                                           Properties Reported by the Department of
                                           Veterans Affairs as of October 1, 2002




(Continued From Previous Page)
                                     Property location a                                       Property size
State/entity (total                                                                         Buildings
number of properties in                                                                      (square          Land Vacancy rate
each state/entity)        City            Address                    Type of propertyb           feet)      (acres)   (percent)c
Georgia (14)              Augusta         1 Freedom Way              Land                                       30            100
                          Augusta         1 Freedom Way              Shops/storage              48,547                        100
                          Augusta         1 Freedom Way              Administrative bldg        38,633                        100
                          Augusta         1 Freedom Way              Administrative bldg        35,566                        100
                          Augusta         1 Freedom Way              Administrative bldg        26,891                        100
                          Dublin          1826 Veterans Blvd         Nursing home care           8,920                        100
                          Augusta         1 Freedom Way              Living quartersd            6,328                        100
                          Augusta         1 Freedom Way              Living quartersd            6,328                        100
                          Augusta         1 Freedom Way              Living quartersd            6,328                        100
                                                                                       d
                          Augusta         1 Freedom Way              Living quarters             6,328                        100
                          Augusta         1 Freedom Way              Living quartersd            3,239                        100
                          Augusta         1 Freedom Way              Engineering storage         1,884                         87
                          Dublin          1826 Veterans Blvd         Inpatient bldg             18,130                         50
                          Augusta         1 Freedom Way              Engineering storage        11,788                         44
Idaho (2)                 Boise           500 W Fort St              Land                                         5           100
                          Boise           500 W. Fort St             VA building                 1,258                        100
Illinois (20)             Hines           5th St & Roosevelt Ave     Land                                       50            100
                          North Chicago   3001 Greenbay Rd           Land                                       23            100
                          Hines           5th St & Roosevelt Ave     VA building                58,000                        100
                          Hines           5th St & Roosevelt Ave     VA building                58,000                        100
                          Hines           5th St & Roosevelt Ave     VA building                58,000                        100
                          North Chicago   3001 Greenbay Rd           VA building                50,681                        100
                          North Chicago   3001 Greenbay Rd           VA building                49,670                        100
                          North Chicago   3001 Greenbay Rd           VA building                48,742                        100
                          Danville        1900 E. Main               VA building                14,290                        100
                          Danville        1900 E. Main               VA building                13,875                        100
                          Chicago         820 S Damen St             Outpatient social
                                                                     work                        4,752                        100
                          Hines           5th St & Roosevelt Ave     Greenhouse                    573                        100
                          North Chicago   3001 Greenbay Rd           Paint shop/union
                                                                     offices                    12,449                         76
                          North Chicago   3001 Greenbay Rd           Administrative             21,026                         71
                          Danville        1900 E Main                Nursing home               78,295                         59
                          North Chicago   3001 Greenbay Rd           Recreation                 56,720                         53
                          North Chicago   3001 Greenbay Rd           VA building                89,975                         40




                                           Page 43                       GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
                                               Appendix III
                                               List of Vacant and Underutilized Real
                                               Properties Reported by the Department of
                                               Veterans Affairs as of October 1, 2002




(Continued From Previous Page)
                                         Property location a                                       Property size
State/entity (total                                                                             Buildings
number of properties in                                                                          (square          Land Vacancy rate
each state/entity)        City                Address                    Type of propertyb           feet)      (acres)   (percent)c
Illinois (20)             Hines               5th St & Roosevelt Ave     Admin/office/ qtrsd        22,446                         28
                          North Chicago       3001 Greenbay Rd           Research                   51,535                         27
                          Hines               5th St & Roosevelt Ave     Nursing home               69,702                         26
Indiana (28)              Indianapolis        1481 W Tenth St            Land                                         8           100
                          Marion              1700 E 38th St             VA building                37,135                        100
                          Marion              1700 E 38th St             VA building                32,892                        100
                          Marion              1700 E 38th St             VA building                27,660                        100
                          Marion              1700 E 38th St             VA building                27,660                        100
                          Marion              1700 E 38th St             VA building                26,452                        100
                          Marion              1700 E 38th St             VA building                26,124                        100
                          Marion              1700 E 38th St             VA building                24,697                        100
                          Marion              1700 E 38th St             VA building                24,116                        100
                          Marion              1700 E 38th St             VA building                20,572                        100
                          Marion              1700 E 38th St             VA building                20,550                        100
                          Marion              1700 E 38th St             VA building                20,287                        100
                          Marion              1700 E 38th St             VA building                19,058                        100
                          Marion              1700 E 38th St             VA building                18,263                        100
                          Marion              1700 E 38th St             VA building                18,126                        100
                          Marion              1700 E 38th St             VA building                17,380                        100
                          Marion              1700 E 38th St             VA building                12,237                        100
                          Marion              1700 E 38th St             VA building                12,237                        100
                          Marion              1700 E 38th St             VA building                10,765                        100
                          Marion              1700 E 38th St             VA building                 8,980                        100
                          Marion              1700 E 38th St             VA building                 8,971                        100
                          Marion              1700 E 38th St             VA building                 5,025                        100
                          Marion              1700 E 38th St             VA building                 1,020                        100
                          Marion              1700 E 38th St             VA building                   260                        100
                          Marion              1700 E 38th St             VA building                28,958                         95
                          Marion              1700 E 38th St             Print shop                 20,139                         85
                          Marion              1700 E 38th St             VA building                17,533                         57
                          Marion              1700 E 38th St             Hospital                   63,076                         31




                                               Page 44                       GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
                                            Appendix III
                                            List of Vacant and Underutilized Real
                                            Properties Reported by the Department of
                                            Veterans Affairs as of October 1, 2002




(Continued From Previous Page)
                                      Property location a                                       Property size
State/entity (total                                                                           Buildings
number of properties in                                                                        (square         Land Vacancy rate
each state/entity)        City             Address                    Type of propertyb            feet)     (acres)   (percent)c
Iowa (7)                  Knoxville        1515 W Pleasant St         Land                                       49            100
                          Knoxville        1515 W Pleasant St         VA building                43,836                        100
                          Knoxville        1515 W Pleasant St         Administrative bldg        28,894                         97
                          Knoxville        1515 W Pleasant St         VA building                43,872                         94
                          Knoxville        1515 W Pleasant St         Recreation                 14,646                         52
                          Knoxville        1515 W Pleasant St         Canteen                    46,635                         37
                          Knoxville        1515 W Pleasant St         Nursing home care          49,129                         36
Kansas (39)               Leavenworth      4101 S 4th St Trafficway   Land                                       39            100
                          Leavenworth      4101 S 4th St Trafficway   Storage                    60,846                        100
                          Leavenworth      4101 S 4th St Trafficway   VA building                49,124                        100
                          Leavenworth      4101 S 4th St Trafficway   VA building                30,312                        100
                          Leavenworth      4101 S 4th St Trafficway   VA building                28,890                        100
                          Leavenworth      4101 S 4th St Trafficway   VA building                28,046                        100
                          Leavenworth      4101 S 4th St Trafficway   VA building                24,284                        100
                          Leavenworth      4101 S 4th St Trafficway   VA building                24,186                        100
                          Leavenworth      4101 S 4th St Trafficway   VA building                23,946                        100
                          Leavenworth      4101 S 4th St Trafficway   VA building                23,946                        100
                          Leavenworth      4101 S 4th St Trafficway   VA building                23,946                        100
                          Leavenworth      4101 S 4th St Trafficway   Canteen                    23,946                        100
                          Leavenworth      4101 S 4th St Trafficway   VA building                23,919                        100
                          Leavenworth      4101 S 4th St Trafficway   VA building                22,190                        100
                          Wichita          5500 East Kellogg          Research                   22,152                        100
                          Leavenworth      4101 S 4th St Trafficway   VA building                21,764                        100
                          Leavenworth      4101 S 4th St Trafficway   Theater/library            17,275                        100
                          Leavenworth      4101 S 4th St Trafficway   Storage                    14,526                        100
                          Leavenworth      4101 S 4th St Trafficway   VA building                12,028                        100
                          Topeka           2200 Gage Blvd             Administrative bldg        10,521                        100
                          Leavenworth      4101 S 4th St Trafficway   VA building                 9,700                        100
                          Leavenworth      4101 S 4th St Trafficway   Living quartersd            9,061                        100
                          Leavenworth      4101 S 4th St Trafficway   Living quartersd            9,061                        100
                          Leavenworth      4101 S 4th St Trafficway   Living quartersd            8,239                        100
                                                                                        d
                          Leavenworth      4101 S 4th St Trafficway   Living quarters             8,130                        100
                          Leavenworth      4101 S 4th St Trafficway   Living quartersd            7,726                        100
                          Leavenworth      4101 S 4th St Trafficway   Rec hall/credit union       7,473                        100
                          Leavenworth      4101 S 4th St Trafficway   Living quartersd            5,143                        100




                                            Page 45                       GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
                                             Appendix III
                                             List of Vacant and Underutilized Real
                                             Properties Reported by the Department of
                                             Veterans Affairs as of October 1, 2002




(Continued From Previous Page)
                                       Property location a                                        Property size
State/entity (total                                                                            Buildings
number of properties in                                                                         (square          Land Vacancy rate
each state/entity)        City              Address                     Type of propertyb           feet)      (acres)   (percent)c
Kansas (39)               Leavenworth       4101 S 4th St Trafficway    Living quartersd            4,550                        100
                          Leavenworth       4101 S 4th St. Trafficway   Psychology offices          4,420                        100
                          Leavenworth       4101 S 4th St Trafficway    VA building                 4,320                        100
                                                                                          d
                          Leavenworth       4101 S 4th St Trafficway    Living quarters             3,945                        100
                          Leavenworth       4101 S 4th St Trafficway    Living quartersd            3,945                        100
                                                                                          d
                          Leavenworth       4101 S 4th St Trafficway    Living quarters             3,033                        100
                          Leavenworth       4101 S 4th St Trafficway    Chapel                      2,081                        100
                          Leavenworth       4101 S 4th St Trafficway    Shelter                     1,585                        100
                          Leavenworth       4101 S 4th St Trafficway    Shelter                     1,568                        100
                          Leavenworth       4101 S 4th St Trafficway    Training center             9,920                         66
                          Wichita           5500 East Kellogg           Outpatient care             5,074                         28
Kentucky (19)             Lexington         2250 Leestown Rd            Land                                       20            100
                          Lexington         2250 Leestown Rd            Inpatient bldg             53,711                        100
                          Lexington         2250 Leestown Rd            Inpatient bldg             53,368                        100
                          Lexington         2250 Leestown Rd            Nursing home care          50,859                        100
                          Lexington         2250 Leestown Rd            Administrative bldg        16,714                        100
                          Lexington         2250 Leestown Rd            Rehab                       6,464                        100
                          Lexington         2250 Leestown Rd            Living quartersd            5,082                        100
                          Lexington         2250 Leestown Rd            Living quartersd            5,082                        100
                                                                                          d
                          Lexington         2250 Leestown Rd            Living quarters             4,164                        100
                          Lexington         2250 Leestown Rd            Storage                     3,000                        100
                          Lexington         2250 Leestown Rd            Garage                      2,811                        100
                          Lexington         2250 Leestown Rd            Greenhouse                  2,710                        100
                          Lexington         2250 Leestown Rd            VA building                 1,475                        100
                          Lexington         2250 Leestown Rd            Garage                        901                        100
                          Lexington         2250 Leestown Rd            Garage                        329                        100
                          Lexington         2250 Leestown Rd            Storage                       232                        100
                          Lexington         2250 Leestown Rd            Engineering                 5,106                         50
                          Lexington         2250 Leestown Rd            Inpatient bldg             20,706                         33
                          Lexington         2250 Leestown Rd            Inpatient bldg             46,127                         30
Louisiana (2)             Alexandria        2495 Shreveport Hwy         VA building                 4,176                         58
                          Alexandria        2495 Shreveport Hwy         Administrative bldg        21,102                         41
Maine (3)                 Togus             1 VA Center                 Living quartersd            3,457                        100
                          Togus             1 VA Center                 Living quartersd            2,930                        100
                          Togus             1 VA Center                 Administrative             56,639                         53




                                             Page 46                        GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
                                              Appendix III
                                              List of Vacant and Underutilized Real
                                              Properties Reported by the Department of
                                              Veterans Affairs as of October 1, 2002




(Continued From Previous Page)
                                        Property location a                                       Property size
State/entity (total                                                                            Buildings
number of properties in                                                                         (square          Land Vacancy rate
each state/entity)        City               Address                    Type of propertyb           feet)      (acres)   (percent)c
Maryland (46)             Fort Howard        9600 North Point Rd        Land                                       10            100
                          Baltimore          10 N Greene St             Land                                         2           100
                          Fort Howard        9600 North Point Rd        Hospital                  116,739                        100
                          Fort Howard        9600 North Point Rd        VA building                16,680                        100
                          Fort Howard        9600 North Point Rd        Office                     15,750                        100
                          Fort Howard        9600 North Point Rd        VA building                12,032                        100
                          Fort Howard        9600 North Point Rd        Living quartersd           11,230                        100
                          Fort Howard        9600 North Point Rd        Warehouse                  10,380                        100
                          Fort Howard        9600 North Point Rd        Boiler plant                8,360                        100
                                                                                         d
                          Fort Howard        9600 North Point Rd        Living quarters             7,797                        100
                          Perry Point        VAMC Perry Pt, MD          Treatment center
                                             Division                                               6,868                        100
                          Fort Howard        9600 North Point Rd        Living quartersd            5,954                        100
                          Fort Howard        9600 North Point Rd        Office                      5,760                        100
                          Fort Howard        9600 North Point Rd        VA building                 5,750                        100
                                                                                         d
                          Fort Howard        9600 North Point Rd        Living quarters             5,663                        100
                          Fort Howard        9600 North Point Rd        Living quartersd            5,663                        100
                                                                                         d
                          Fort Howard        9600 North Point Rd        Living quarters             5,663                        100
                          Fort Howard        9600 North Point Rd        Living quartersd            5,663                        100
                                                                                         d
                          Fort Howard        9600 North Point Rd        Living quarters             5,663                        100
                          Fort Howard        9600 North Point Rd        Living quartersd            5,663                        100
                                                                                         d
                          Fort Howard        9600 North Point Rd        Living quarters             5,330                        100
                          Fort Howard        9600 North Point Rd        Engineering                 5,120                        100
                          Fort Howard        9600 North Point Rd        Theater                     4,430                        100
                          Fort Howard        9600 North Point Rd        Office                      4,270                        100
                          Fort Howard        9600 North Point Rd        Canteen                     3,120                        100
                          Fort Howard        9600 North Point Rd        Living quartersd            3,050                        100
                          Fort Howard        9600 North Point Rd        Theater                     2,731                        100
                          Fort Howard        9600 North Point Rd        Engineering                 2,690                        100
                          Fort Howard        9600 North Point Rd        Storage                     2,450                        100
                          Fort Howard        9600 North Point Rd        Warehouse                   2,332                        100
                          Fort Howard        9600 North Point Rd        Eye clinic                  2,234                        100
                          Fort Howard        9600 North Point Rd        Orthotics lab               2,160                        100
                          Fort Howard        9600 North Point Rd        Linen hut                   2,042                        100
                          Fort Howard        9600 North Point Rd        Engineering                 1,800                        100




                                              Page 47                       GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
                                              Appendix III
                                              List of Vacant and Underutilized Real
                                              Properties Reported by the Department of
                                              Veterans Affairs as of October 1, 2002




(Continued From Previous Page)
                                        Property location a                                       Property size
State/entity (total                                                                            Buildings
number of properties in                                                                         (square          Land Vacancy rate
each state/entity)        City               Address                    Type of propertyb           feet)      (acres)   (percent)c
Maryland (46)             Fort Howard        9600 North Point Rd        Storage                     1,460                        100
                          Fort Howard        9600 North Point Rd        Engineering                 1,310                        100
                          Fort Howard        9600 North Point Rd        VA building                 1,246                        100
                          Fort Howard        9600 North Point Rd        Living quartersd            1,232                        100
                          Fort Howard        9600 North Point Rd        Engineering                 1,160                        100
                          Fort Howard        9600 North Point Rd        Connecting corridor         1,150                        100
                          Fort Howard        9600 North Point Rd        Connecting corridor         1,100                        100
                          Fort Howard        9600 North Point Rd        Office                        924                        100
                          Fort Howard        9600 North Point Rd        Canteen                       750                        100
                          Fort Howard        9600 North Point Rd        Incinerator                   610                        100
                          Fort Howard        9600 North Point Rd        Engineering                   300                        100
                          Perry Point        VAMC Perry Pt,             Administrative bldg
                                             MD Division                                           16,372                         55
Massachusetts (14)        Brockton           940 Belmont St             Land                                         5           100
                          Bedford            200 Springs Rd             Storage                     5,880                        100
                          Bedford            200 Springs Rd             Storage                     4,232                        100
                          Bedford            200 Springs Rd             Storage                     3,276                        100
                          Bedford            200 Springs Rd             Storage                     2,948                        100
                          Brockton           940 Belmont St             Greenhouse                  2,348                        100
                          Bedford            200 Springs Rd             Storage                     1,714                        100
                          Bedford            200 Springs Rd             Storage                     1,500                        100
                          Bedford            200 Springs Rd             Bathrooms                     960                        100
                          Brockton           940 Belmont St             Theater                    39,736                         99
                          Bedford            200 Springs Rd             Research                   30,420                         84
                          Northampton        421 North Main St          Administrative bldg        16,438                         33
                          Brockton           940 Belmont St             Domiciliary                71,512                         32
                          Brockton           940 Belmont St             VA building                13,646                         32




                                              Page 48                       GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
                                               Appendix III
                                               List of Vacant and Underutilized Real
                                               Properties Reported by the Department of
                                               Veterans Affairs as of October 1, 2002




(Continued From Previous Page)
                                         Property location a                                       Property size
State/entity (total                                                                             Buildings
number of properties in                                                                          (square          Land Vacancy rate
each state/entity)        City                Address                    Type of propertyb           feet)      (acres)   (percent)c
Michigan (8)              Iron Mountain       325 East H St              Land                                         9           100
                          Allen Park          Not provided               Land                                         1           100
                          Battle Creek        5500 Armstrong Rd          VA building                14,436                        100
                          Saginaw             1500 Weiss St              Housekeeping
                                                                         quarters                    2,444                        100
                          Battle Creek        5500 Armstrong Rd          Learning resources         14,427                         93
                          Battle Creek        5500 Armstrong Rd          VA building                52,897                         82
                          Battle Creek        5500 Armstrong Rd          VA building                50,334                         37
                          Battle Creek        5500 Armstrong Rd          Pharmacy                   12,637                         35
Minnesota (2)             Minneapolis         1 Veterans Dr              Land                                       12            100
                          Minneapolis         One Veterans Dr            Fire stn/warehouse         23,260                        100
Mississippi (4)           Gulfport            200 East Beach Blvd        Psychiatry                 27,223                         98
                          Gulfport            200 East Beach Blvd        Psychiatry                 25,789                         50
                          Gulfport            200 East Beach Blvd        Kitchen                    35,960                         45
                          Gulfport            200 East Beach Blvd        Storage                     5,280                         33
Missouri (5)              St Louis            1 Jefferson Barracks Dr    Administrative bldg        25,527                        100
                          Poplar Bluff        1500 N. Westwood Blvd      Living quartersd            3,124                         88
                          St Louis            1 Jefferson Barracks Dr    Psychiatry                100,089                         82
                          St Louis            1 Jefferson Barracks Dr    Research                   17,906                         69
                          St Louis            1 Jefferson Barracks Dr    Shops                      21,177                         31
Montana (3)               Fort Harrison       Hwy 12 & William St        Storage                     4,698                        100
                          Fort Harrison       Hwy 12 & William St        Administrative bldg        83,962                         50
                          Fort Harrison       Hwy 12 & William St        Fitness center              9,984                         33
Nebraska (8)              Lincoln             600 S 70th St              Land                                       18            100
                          Grand Island        2201 N Brdwell Ave         Living quartersd            3,500                        100
                          Grand Island        2201 N Brdwell Ave         Administrative bldg         3,500                         62
                          Grand Island        2201 N Brdwell Ave         Living quartersd            4,464                         51
                          Lincoln             600 South 70th St          Dietetics                  24,205                         51
                          Lincoln             600 South 70th St          Living quartersd            3,315                         45
                          Lincoln             600 South 70th St          Hospital                   70,551                         34
                          Omaha               4101 Woolworth Ave         Storage                       550                         32
New Hampshire (3)         Manchester          718 Smyth Rd               VA building                   650                        100
                          Manchester          718 Smyth Rd               Garage                        624                        100
                          Manchester          718 Smyth Rd               Garage                        624                        100




                                               Page 49                       GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
                                               Appendix III
                                               List of Vacant and Underutilized Real
                                               Properties Reported by the Department of
                                               Veterans Affairs as of October 1, 2002




(Continued From Previous Page)
                                         Property location a                                        Property size
State/entity (total                                                                              Buildings
number of properties in                                                                           (square          Land Vacancy rate
each state/entity)        City                Address                    Type of propertyb            feet)      (acres)   (percent)c
New Jersey (7)            Lyons               151 Knollcroft Rd          Psychiatry                  85,000                        100
                          Lyons               151 Knollcroft Rd          Training                     4,400                        100
                          Lyons               151 Knollcroft Rd          Living quartersd             3,400                        100
                          East Orange         385 Tremont Ave            Grounds unit                 1,730                        100
                          East Orange         385 Tremont Ave            Trailer                      1,400                        100
                          Lyons               151 Knollcroft Rd          VA building                 37,994                         84
                          Lyons               151 Knollcroft Rd          Psychiatry                  67,176                         75
New Mexico (1)            Albuquerque         1501 San Pedro Dr SE       Land                                       100            100
Nevada (4)                Reno                1000 Locust St             Laundry                      8,227                        100
                          Reno                1000 Locust St             VA building                  4,089                         69
                          Reno                1000 Locust St             VA building                  3,904                         57
                          Reno                1000 Locust St             VA building                  2,623                         51
New York (38)             Jamaica             179-01 Linden Blvd         Land                                          1           100
                          Montrose            622 Albany Post Rd         Nursing home care
                                              Route 9-A                                              46,122                        100
                          Montrose            622 Albany Post Rd         Nursing home care
                                              Route 9-A                                              45,405                        100
                          Montrose            622 Albany Post Rd         Substance abuse
                                              Route 9-A                                              34,540                        100
                          Jamaica             179-01 Linden Blvd         Radiation                    6,122                        100
                          Castle Point        VAMC Castle Pt,            Living quartersd
                                              NY Division                                             5,062                        100
                          New York-Kings 800 Poly Place                  Administrative bldg          4,880                        100
                          Batavia             222 Richmond Ave           Laundry                      4,872                        100
                          Northport           79 Middleville Rd          Living quartersd             4,191                        100
                                                                                           d
                          Batavia             222 Richmond Ave           Living quarters              3,300                        100
                          Batavia             222 Richmond Ave           Living quartersd             1,698                        100
                                                                                           d
                          Batavia             222 Richmond Ave           Living quarters              1,698                        100
                          Batavia             222 Richmond Ave           Living quartersd             1,698                        100
                          Batavia             222 Richmond Ave           Garage                       1,028                        100
                          Montrose            622 Albany Post Rd         Admin bldg/lab
                                              Route 9-A                                              49,324                         97
                          Castle Point        VAMC Castle Pt,            Living quartersd
                                              NY Division                                            20,133                         95
                          Jamaica             179-01 Linden Blvd         Nursing home care           40,317                         84
                          Northport           79 Middleville Rd          Geriatrics                  66,853                         84




                                               Page 50                        GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
                                               Appendix III
                                               List of Vacant and Underutilized Real
                                               Properties Reported by the Department of
                                               Veterans Affairs as of October 1, 2002




(Continued From Previous Page)
                                         Property location a                                       Property size
State/entity (total                                                                             Buildings
number of properties in                                                                          (square          Land Vacancy rate
each state/entity)        City                Address                    Type of propertyb           feet)      (acres)   (percent)c
New York (38)             Jamaica             179-01 Linden Blvd         Nursing home care          39,608                         79
                          Montrose            622 Albany Post Rd         Admin/inpatient
                                              Route 9-A                                             43,992                         78
                          Montrose            622 Albany Post Rd         Psychiatry
                                              Route 9-A                                             40,400                         75
                          Canandaigua         400 Fort Hill Ave          Patient building           57,556                         73
                          Castle Point        VAMC Castle Pt,            Research
                                              NY Division                                           12,736                         68
                          Northport           79 Middleville Rd          VA building                18,882                         67
                          Northport           79 Middleville Rd          Mental health              42,763                         64
                          Canandaigua         400 Fort Hill Ave          Patient building           52,480                         59
                          Montrose            622 Albany Post Rd         Admin/inpatient
                                              Route 9-A                                             37,108                         52
                                                                                           d
                          Northport           79 Middleville Rd          Living quarters             6,638                         50
                          Montrose            622 Albany Post Rd         Psychiatry
                                              Route 9-A                                             79,577                         49
                          Northport           79 Middleville Rd          VA building                19,332                         46
                          Northport           79 Middleville Rd          Mental health              37,817                         41
                          Syracuse            800 Irving Ave             Medical center/
                                                                         outpatient care            80,438                         41
                          Northport           79 Middleville Rd          Mental health              35,586                         41
                          Jamaica             179-01 Linden Blvd         Nursing home care          32,414                         37
                          Montrose            622 Albany Post Rd         Psychiatry
                                              Route 9-A                                             46,941                         36
                          Castle Point        VAMC Castle Pt,            Nursing home care
                                              NY Division                                           28,790                         33
                          Northport           79 Middleville Rd          Living quartersd           17,391                         32
                          Batavia             222 Richmond Ave           Mental health              16,488                         31
North Carolina (16)       Salisbury           1601 Brenner Ave           Land                                       50            100
                          Asheville           1100 Tunnel Rd             Living quartersd           42,619                        100
                          Salisbury           1601 Brenner Ave           Adminstrative bldg          5,849                        100
                          Durham              508 Fulton St              Research                    5,846                        100
                          Asheville           1100 Tunnel Rd             Living quartersd            4,472                        100
                          Asheville           1100 Tunnel Rd             Storage                     2,111                        100
                          Asheville           1100 Tunnel Rd             Garage                      1,736                        100
                          Asheville           1100 Tunnel Rd             Garage                        435                        100
                          Asheville           1100 Tunnel Rd             Garage                        435                        100




                                               Page 51                       GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
                                               Appendix III
                                               List of Vacant and Underutilized Real
                                               Properties Reported by the Department of
                                               Veterans Affairs as of October 1, 2002




(Continued From Previous Page)
                                         Property location a                                       Property size
State/entity (total                                                                             Buildings
number of properties in                                                                          (square          Land Vacancy rate
each state/entity)        City                Address                    Type of propertyb           feet)      (acres)   (percent)c
North Carolina (16)       Asheville           1100 Tunnel Rd             Garage                        435                        100
                          Asheville           1100 Tunnel Rd             Garage                        233                        100
                          Durham              508 Fulton St              VA building                 5,301                         96
                          Salisbury           1601 Brenner Ave           VA building                36,308                         77
                          Salisbury           1601 Brenner Ave           Extended care              75,054                         31
                          Fayetteville        2300 Ramsey St             Living quartersd           10,640                         30
                          Salisbury           1601 Brenner Ave           Recreation                 57,687                         29
Ohio (8)                  Cincinnati          3200 Vine St               Land                                       19            100
                          Chillicothe         17273 State Route 104      Patient bldg               58,678                        100
                          Dayton              4100 West Third St         Engineer residence          1,915                        100
                          Dayton              4100 West Third St         Nursing home care          79,377                         94
                          Chillicothe         17273 State Route 104      Child care/offices         44,419                         58
                          Chillicothe         17273 State Route 104      VA building                16,780                         50
                          Dayton              4100 West Third St         Cottage                     3,253                         47
                          Dayton              4100 West Third St         Fitness center             23,846                         29
Oklahoma (1)              Muskogee            1011 Honor Heights Dr      VA building                 3,302                         53
Oregon (4)                White City          8495 Crater Lake Hwy       Domiciliary                16,182                         81
                          White City          8495 Crater Lake Hwy       Domiciliary                16,075                         50
                          White City          8495 Crater Lake Hwy       Domiciliary                15,592                         49
                          White City          8495 Crater Lake Hwy       Storage                     8,934                         38
Pennsylvania (27)         Pittsburgh          7180 Highland Dr           Land                                      168            100
                          Butler              325 New Castle Rd          Land                                       35            100
                          Pittsburgh          Delafield Rd               VA building                14,674                        100
                          Pittsburgh          Delafield Rd               VA building                12,322                        100
                          Pittsburgh          Delafield Rd               Apartments                  7,124                        100
                          Pittsburgh          Delafield Rd               VA building                 7,124                        100
                          Pittsburgh          Delafield Rd               VA building                 6,860                        100
                                                                                           d
                          Pittsburgh          Delafield Rd               Living quarters             5,120                        100
                          Butler              325 New Castle Rd          Living quartersd            4,904                        100
                                                                                           d
                          Butler              325 New Castle Rd          Living quarters             4,904                        100
                          Butler              325 New Castle Rd          Living quartersd            4,904                        100
                                                                                           d
                          Wilkes Barre        1111 East End Blvd         Living quarters             4,865                        100
                          Pittsburgh          7180 Highland Dr           Administrative bldg         2,960                        100
                          Butler              325 New Castle Rd          Living quartersd            1,518                        100
                          Butler              325 New Castle Rd          Living quartersd            1,204                        100




                                               Page 52                       GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
                                              Appendix III
                                              List of Vacant and Underutilized Real
                                              Properties Reported by the Department of
                                              Veterans Affairs as of October 1, 2002




(Continued From Previous Page)
                                        Property location a                                       Property size
State/entity (total                                                                            Buildings
number of properties in                                                                         (square          Land Vacancy rate
each state/entity)        City               Address                    Type of propertyb           feet)      (acres)   (percent)c
Pennsylvania (27)         Pittsburgh         7180 Highland Dr           Patient care               38,900                         71
                          Lebanon            1700 South Lincoln Ave     Canteen/recreation         31,971                         59
                          Pittsburgh         Delafield Rd               Engineering                29,392                         53
                          Butler             325 New Castle Rd          Storage                    13,936                         50
                          Pittsburgh         Delafield Rd               Living quartersd            6,860                         50
                          Coatesville        1400 Black Horse Hill Rd   VA building                 5,498                         50
                          Coatesville        1400 Black Horse Hill Rd   Administrative bldg         5,498                         50
                                                                                          d
                          Pittsburgh         Delafield Rd               Living quarters             5,120                         50
                          Pittsburgh         7180 Highland Dr           Living quartersd            4,600                         50
                                                                                          d
                          Pittsburgh         7180 Highland Dr           Living quarters             3,120                         50
                          Wilkes Barre       1111 East End Blvd         Living quartersd            4,865                         50
                          Coatesville        1400 Black Horse Hill Rd   Inpatient/support          35,939                         32
Rhode Island (1)          Providence         830 Chalkstone Ave         Gym                        19,776                        100
South Carolina (7)        Columbia           6439 Garners Ferry Rd      Land                                       33            100
                          Columbia           6439 Garners Ferry Rd      Administrative bldg        21,512                        100
                                                                                          d
                          Columbia           6439 Garners Ferry Rd      Living quarters             4,644                        100
                          Columbia           6439 Garners Ferry Rd      Living quartersd            3,411                        100
                                                                                          d
                          Columbia           6439 Garners Ferry Rd      Living quarters             9,288                         50
                          Columbia           6439 Garners Ferry Rd      Education                   1,000                         40
                          Columbia           6439 Garners Ferry Rd      Psychiatry                 48,553                         36
South Dakota (10)         Fort Meade         113 Comanche Rd            Land                                       12            100
                          Sioux Falls        2501 W 22nd St             Land                                         2           100
                          Fort Meade         113 Comanche Rd            Greenhouse                  5,678                        100
                          Fort Meade         113 Comanche Rd            Theater                     4,942                        100
                          Fort Meade         113 Comanche Rd            National Guard              3,046                        100
                          Fort Meade         113 Comanche Rd            Incinerator                   818                        100
                          Fort Meade         113 Comanche Rd            Storage                       495                        100
                          Hot Springs        500 North Fifth St         Incinerator                   920                        100
                          Sioux Falls        2501 West 22nd St          Mental health               5,448                         83
                          Fort Meade         113 Comanche Rd            Recreation                 20,358                         30




                                              Page 53                       GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
                                            Appendix III
                                            List of Vacant and Underutilized Real
                                            Properties Reported by the Department of
                                            Veterans Affairs as of October 1, 2002




(Continued From Previous Page)
                                      Property location a                                        Property size
State/entity (total                                                                           Buildings
number of properties in                                                                        (square          Land Vacancy rate
each state/entity)        City             Address                    Type of propertyb            feet)      (acres)   (percent)c
Tennessee (15)            Johnson City     Sidney & Lamont Sts        Land                                       174            100
                          Murfreesboro     3400 Lebanon Pike          Land                                        60            100
                          Johnson City     Sidney & Lamont Sts        Administrative bldg         28,602                        100
                          Johnson City     Sidney & Lamont Sts        Research                    28,602                        100
                          Johnson City     Sidney & Lamont Sts        Chapel                       6,352                        100
                          Johnson City     Sidney & Lamont Sts        Nursing education            5,760                        100
                          Johnson City     Sidney & Lamont Sts        Morgue                       2,916                        100
                                                                                         d
                          Murfreesboro     3400 Lebanon Pike          Living quarters              3,283                        100
                          Murfreesboro     3400 Lebanon Pike          Garage                         547                        100
                          Murfreesboro     3400 Lebanon Pike          Garage                         547                        100
                          Murfreesboro     3400 Lebanon Pike          Therapy shop                 8,382                         58
                                                                                         d
                          Murfreesboro     3400 Lebanon Pike          Living quarters              4,756                         50
                          Murfreesboro     3400 Lebanon Pike          Water filtration             4,384                         48
                          Murfreesboro     3400 Lebanon Pike          Medical wards               47,738                         34
                          Murfreesboro     3400 Lebanon Pike          Storage                     13,103                         26
Texas (22)                Houston          2002 Holcombe Blvd         Land                                        95            100
                          Kerrville        3600 Memorial Blvd         Land                                        17            100
                          Waco             4800 Memorial Dr           Psychiatry                  46,288                        100
                          Waco             4800 Memorial Dr           Psychiatry                  17,000                        100
                          Waco             4800 Memorial Dr           Administrative bldg         17,000                        100
                          Temple           1901 Veterans Memorial     VA building
                                           Dr                                                     12,133                        100
                          Marlin           1016 Ward St               VA building                  4,536                        100
                          Dallas           4500 S Lancaster Rd        Boiler plant                 4,530                        100
                          Temple           1901 Veterans Memorial     VA building
                                           Dr                                                      4,151                        100
                          Waco             4800 Memorial Dr           VA building                  3,770                        100
                          Waco             4800 Memorial Dr           Living quartersd             3,600                        100
                          Kerrville        3600 Memorial Blvd         Rehab shop                   2,720                        100
                          Temple           1901 Veterans Memorial     VA building
                                           Dr                                                      2,535                        100
                                                                                         d
                          Waco             4800 Memorial Dr           Living quarters              1,400                        100
                          Temple           1901 Veterans Memorial     VA building
                                           Dr                                                     19,000                         79
                          Waco             4800 Memorial Dr           VA building                 55,644                         69




                                            Page 54                        GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
                                            Appendix III
                                            List of Vacant and Underutilized Real
                                            Properties Reported by the Department of
                                            Veterans Affairs as of October 1, 2002




(Continued From Previous Page)
                                      Property location a                                       Property size
State/entity (total                                                                          Buildings
number of properties in                                                                       (square          Land Vacancy rate
each state/entity)        City             Address                    Type of propertyb           feet)      (acres)   (percent)c
Texas (22)                Temple           1901 Veterans Memorial     Recreation
                                           Dr                                                     9,267                         52
                          Temple           1901 Veterans Memorial     VA building
                                           Dr                                                    18,900                         50
                          Waco             4800 Memorial Dr           Living quartersd            5,236                         50
                                                                                        d
                          Marlin           1016 Ward St               Living quarters             4,080                         50
                          Waco             4800 Memorial Dr           VA building                50,045                         38
                          Waco             4800 Memorial Dr           Pharmacy                   37,141                         33
Utah (2)                  Salt Lake City   500 Foothill Blvd          Research                      217                        100
                          Salt Lake City   500 Foothill Blvd          Administrative bldg        29,104                         71
Vermont (2)               White River Jctn 215 N Main St              VA building                 1,148                        100
                          White River Jctn 215 N Main St              Research trailer              864                        100
Virginia (14)             Salem            1970 Roanoke Blvd          Land                                       41            100
                          Hampton          100 Emancipation Dr        Recreation                 31,273                        100
                          Hampton          100 Emancipation Dr        Engineering                21,093                        100
                          Hampton          100 Emancipation Dr        Psychology                 20,909                        100
                          Hampton          100 Emancipation Dr        VA building                19,192                        100
                          Salem            1970 Roanoke Blvd          Living quartersd            5,146                        100
                          Hampton          100 Emancipation Dr        Grounds shop                2,234                        100
                          Hampton          100 Emancipation Dr        Grounds shop                1,518                        100
                          Salem            1970 Roanoke Blvd          VA building                38,389                         54
                          Hampton          100 Emancipation Dr        Laundry                     4,324                         46
                          Salem            1970 Roanoke Blvd          VA building                38,836                         38
                          Hampton          100 Emancipation Dr        VA building                19,781                         35
                          Salem            1970 Roanoke Blvd          Outpatient care            32,317                         32
                          Hampton          100 Emancipation Dr        Administrative bldg        19,823                         29
Washington (23)           Vancouver        1601 E 4th Plain Blvd      VA building                 8,138                        100
                          Vancouver        1601 E 4th Plain Blvd      VA building                 5,600                        100
                          Vancouver        1601 E 4th Plain Blvd      VA building                 4,795                        100
                          Vancouver        1601 E 4th Plain Blvd      VA building                 2,481                        100
                          Vancouver        1601 E 4th Plain Blvd      VA building                 4,495                        100
                          Vancouver        1601 E 4th Plain Blvd      VA building                 4,731                        100
                          Vancouver        1601 E 4th Plain Blvd      VA building                 4,790                        100
                          Vancouver        1601 E 4th Plain Blvd      VA building                 4,382                        100




                                            Page 55                       GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
                                              Appendix III
                                              List of Vacant and Underutilized Real
                                              Properties Reported by the Department of
                                              Veterans Affairs as of October 1, 2002




(Continued From Previous Page)
                                        Property location a                                       Property size
State/entity (total                                                                            Buildings
number of properties in                                                                         (square          Land Vacancy rate
each state/entity)        City               Address                    Type of propertyb           feet)      (acres)   (percent)c
Washington (23)           Vancouver          1601 E 4th Plain Blvd      VA building                 4,741                        100
                          Vancouver          1601 E 4th Plain Blvd      VA building                 4,674                        100
                          Vancouver          1601 E 4th Plain Blvd      VA building                 4,408                        100
                          Vancouver          1601 E 4th Plain Blvd      VA building                 4,487                        100
                          Vancouver          1601 E 4th Plain Blvd      VA building                 4,405                        100
                          Vancouver          1601 E 4th Plain Blvd      VA building                 4,458                        100
                          Vancouver          1601 E 4th Plain Blvd      VA building                 4,527                        100
                          Vancouver          1601 E 4th Plain Blvd      VA building                 4,452                        100
                          Vancouver          1601 E 4th Plain Blvd      VA building                 4,208                        100
                          Vancouver          1601 E 4th Plain Blvd      VA building                 3,570                        100
                          Vancouver          1601 E 4th Plain Blvd      VA building                 3,540                        100
                          Vancouver          1601 E 4th Plain Blvd      VA building                 3,152                        100
                          Tacoma             Veterans Dr                Mental health              33,091                         59
                          Vancouver          1601 E 4th Plain Blvd      Office                      4,724                         53
                          Tacoma             Veterans Dr                Homeless program           17,973                         48
West Virginia (7)         Martinsburg        Rte 9/Charlestown Rd       Land                                       92            100
                          Clarksburg         1 Medical Center Dr        Land                                       27            100
                          Beckley            200 Veterans Dr            Land                                         8           100
                          Huntington         1540 Spring Valley Rd      Research                   13,067                        100
                                                                                          d
                          Clarksburg         1 Medical Center Dr        Living quarters             3,104                        100
                          Huntington         1540 Spring Valley Rd      Living quartersd            5,092                         89
                          Beckley            200 Veterans Ave           Administrative bldg         5,669                         29
Wisconsin (11)            Milwaukee          5000 W National Ave        Land                                       37            100
                          Milwaukee          5000 W National Ave        VA building               133,730                        100
                          Milwaukee          5000 W National Ave        Theater                    21,986                        100
                          Milwaukee          5000 W National Ave        Power plant                20,920                        100
                          Tomah              500 East Veterans St       Living quartersd           20,193                        100
                          Milwaukee          5000 W National Ave        Library                     9,010                        100
                          Milwaukee          5000 W National Ave        Chapel                      7,316                        100
                          Milwaukee          5000 W National Ave        Regional office bldg      130,374                         86
                          Tomah              500 East Veterans St       Administrative bldg        23,831                         62
                          Madison            2500 Overlook Terrace      Laundry/boiler plant       26,500                         50
                          Milwaukee          5000 W National Ave        Hospital                  150,728                         29




                                              Page 56                       GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
                                             Appendix III
                                             List of Vacant and Underutilized Real
                                             Properties Reported by the Department of
                                             Veterans Affairs as of October 1, 2002




(Continued From Previous Page)
                                       Property location a                                                  Property size
State/entity (total                                                                                      Buildings
number of properties in                                                                                   (square            Land Vacancy rate
each state/entity)        City              Address                         Type of propertyb                 feet)        (acres)   (percent)c
Wyoming (7)               Sheridan          1898 Fort Rd                    Land                                                  1             100
                          Sheridan          1898 Fort Rd                    Shop                               6,899                            100
                          Sheridan          1898 Fort Rd                    Bowling alley                      3,444                            100
                          Sheridan          1898 Fort Rd                    VA building                        7,506                             42
                          Sheridan          1898 Fort Rd                    Hospital ward                    13,269                              39
                          Sheridan          1898 Fort Rd                    Homeless shelter                   7,013                             36
                          Sheridan          1898 Fort Rd                    VA building                      12,769                              32
                                                                                              e
Total (577)               109 cities                                        577 properties                9,420,890          1,503
Source: VA.
                                             a
                                              Some VA properties are medical complexes that include multiple structures and land. For such
                                             properties, VA’s database provided only the address for the medical complex. Thus, in some cases,
                                             multiple structures and land will have the same address.
                                             b
                                              This table provides information that describes various types of VA structures, such as hospitals and
                                             storage facilities, when such information was available from VA’s database. When descriptive
                                             information on structure types was not available, the structure was designated as a VA building. Also,
                                             the vacant tracts of land that VA reported were generally located on medical complexes. VA officials
                                             told us that these land tracts, which had no structures on them, may be suitable for development.
                                             However, the officials said that a final determination has not been made on whether these land tracts
                                             can be made available for disposal.
                                             c
                                              This table includes all VA structures that had a vacancy rate of 26 percent or higher.
                                             d
                                              In past years, VA provided housing for some employees, such as the hospital director, assistant
                                             director, and director of finance.
                                             e
                                              VA officials told us that updated information on the planned disposition of these vacant and
                                             underutilized properties would in all likelihood be available after the Secretary of Veterans Affairs
                                             approved the results of the Capital Asset Realignment for Enhanced Services process. The officials
                                             anticipated that this approval would occur by the end of 2003.




                                             Page 57                             GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
Appendix IV

List of Vacant and Underutilized Real
Properties Reported by the U.S. Postal Service
as of October 1, 2002                                                                                                               Appen
                                                                                                                                        V
                                                                                                                                        Id
                                                                                                                                         xi




                                        Property location                                         Property size
State/entity (total                                                                             Buildings
number of properties                                                                             (square           Land Vacancy rate
in each state/entity)   City                  Address                    Type of propertya           feet)       (acres)   (percent)
Alabama (3)             Tuskegee              N Church St                Landb                                        3          100
                                                                                c
                        Point Clear           N/S Hwy 32                 Land                                Less than 1         100
                        Selma                 723 Alabama Ave            Main officec              16,870                        100
Alaska (2)              Tununak               Second & D Sts             Main officec               1,043                        100
                        Point Hope            912 Ippig Ave              Main officed                 843                        100
Arizona (3)             Phoenix               16825 S Desert Foothills   Landc
                                              Pkwy                                                                    5          100
                                                                                c
                        Phoenix               Northwest Corner,          Land
                                              McDowell Rd & 36th St                                                   4          100
                                                                                b
                        Central               South side of Central Rd   Land                                Less than 1         100
Arkansas (4)            Van Buren             2741 Fayetteville Rd       Main officec              19,787                        100
                        McGehee               201 N Second St            Main officed              14,609                        100
                        Stuttgart             302-308 S Maple            Main officec               9,663                        100
                                                                                       d
                        Marianna              58 W Main St               Main office                7,982                        100
California (15)         Lancaster             Federal Way & Ave K        Landb                                       25          100
                        Santa Ana             Liberty & Aliso Creek Rd   Landb                                       17          100
                        Vernon/Bell           5555 Bandini Blvd          Landc                                       10          100
                                                                                c
                        San                   13700 Foothill Blvd        Land
                        Fernando/Sylmar                                                                               5          100
                                                                                b
                        Irvine/Northwood      Farwell Ave & League St    Land                                         4          100
                        Mendocino             East side of Lansing St,   Landd
                                              between Palette Dr Loop                                                 3          100
                        La Quinta             79-125 Corporate Centre    Landb
                                              Dr                                                                      3          100
                        Santa Clarita         Northwest corner, Parker   Landd
                                              Rd and Old Rd                                                           2          100
                        Stockton              Corner of Airport Way,     Landc
                                              First & Pilgrim                                                         2          100
                        San Francisco         390 Main St                Lande                                        2          100
                                                                                c
                        Los Angeles           760 N Main St              Land                                         1          100
                        Van Nuys              5805 White Oak             Landc                               Less than 1         100
                                                                                b
                        Danville              2605 Camino Tassajara      Land                                Less than 1         100
                        Los Angeles           7001 S Central Ave         Landc                               Less than 1         100
                        Santa Monica          711 Olympic                USPS buildingb            54,410                        100




                                             Page 58                        GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
                                             Appendix IV
                                             List of Vacant and Underutilized Real
                                             Properties Reported by the U.S. Postal
                                             Service as of October 1, 2002




(Continued From Previous Page)
                                        Property location                                            Property size
State/entity (total                                                                                Buildings
number of properties                                                                                (square           Land Vacancy rate
in each state/entity)   City                  Address                    Type of propertya              feet)       (acres)   (percent)
Colorado (2)            Denver                S Potomac                  Landb                                          44         100
                        Denver                1501 Wynkoop               Mail processing
                                                                         plantc                      487,295                       100
                                                                                b
Connecticut (3)         Southbury             710 Main St S              Land                                           11         100
                        Westport              234 Westport Ave           Landb                                           2         100
                        Naugatuck             285 Church St              Main officec                 12,386                       100
Florida (3)             Venice                US 41 & Jacaranda Blvd     Landb                                           8         100
                                                                                d
                        Terra Ceia            Southside Terra Ceia Rd    Land                                            4         100
                        Ft Pierce             500 Orange Ave             Post officec                  6,403                       100
                                                                                b
Hawaii (3)              Kahalui               Kahalui Airport            Land                                            5         100
                        Kailua Kona           Big Island Airport         Landb                                           4         100
                                                                                       c
                        Honolulu              335 Merchant St            Post office                 168,000                        80
Idaho (1)               Jerome                Lincoln Ave                Landb                                           2         100
Illinois (6)            Schaumburg            American Ln & State        Landc
                                              Pkwy                                                                       7         100
                                                                                d
                        Island Lake           North side of Newport Ct   Land                                   Less than 1        100
                        Chicago               4231 W Washington          Landc                                  Less than 1        100
                        Chicago               433 W Van Buren            Main office/mail
                                                                         processing
                                                                         plant/administrative
                                                                         spacec                    2,500,000                       100
                                                                                           c
                        Franklin Park         10750 W Grand Ave          Warehouse                   267,000                       100
                        Forest Park           7600 Roosevelt Rd          Warehousec                  245,782                       100
                                                                                       c
Indiana (2)             Lawrenceburg          Short & William Sts        Main office                   3,535                       100
                        Rochester             200 E 8th St               Main officed                  1,578                       100
                                                                                               c
Kentucky (1)            Barbourville          114 N Allison Ave          Tenant residence              1,258                       100
Maine (2)               Scarborough           Mussey Rd                  Landb                                          51         100
                        Eastport              2 Washington St            Landb                                  Less than 1        100
Maryland (3)            Baltimore/Brooklyn 1500 Cherry Hill Rd           Landb                                           4         100
                        Columbia              6801 Oak Hall Ln           Landd                                  Less than 1        100
                        Randallstown          9113 Liberty Rd            Main officed                  5,876                       100
Massachusetts (1)       Bourne                54 Meetinghouse Ln         Landc                                           4         100




                                             Page 59                        GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
                                            Appendix IV
                                            List of Vacant and Underutilized Real
                                            Properties Reported by the U.S. Postal
                                            Service as of October 1, 2002




(Continued From Previous Page)
                                       Property location                                          Property size
State/entity (total                                                                             Buildings
number of properties                                                                             (square           Land Vacancy rate
in each state/entity)   City                 Address                     Type of propertya           feet)       (acres)   (percent)
Michigan (4)            Waterford            North side of Highland Rd, Landb
                                             between Airport &
                                             Crescent                                                                 7          100
                                                                                d
                        Constantine          W/S Pigion Rd               Land                                         2          100
                        Caro                 E/S M-81                    Landd                               Less than 1         100
                                                                                    e
                        Detroit              10325 Lyndon                Garage                    24,144                        100
Nebraska (1)            Lincoln              1201 Calvert                Landc                                        5          100
                                                                                b
Nevada (2)              Reno                 North Hills Blvd & Golden   Land
                                             Valley Rd                                                                3          100
                        Ely                  415 5th St                  Downtown retail
                                                                         unitd                      4,998                        100
                                                                                c
New Hampshire (1)       Salem                51 S Broadway               Land                                         2          100
New Jersey (4)          Red Bank             307 Industrial Way West     Landb                                       12          100
                                                                                b
                        Trenton              680 U S Highway 130         Land                                         9          100
                        Secaucus             300 County Ave              Landc                               Less than 1         100
                                                                                c
                        Jersey City          312-314 Pacific Ave         Land                                Less than 1         100
New Mexico (2)          Albuquerque          Broadway Blvd SE            Landb                                       52          100
                        Albuquerque          Montano & Tesuque NW        Landb                                        5          100
New York (7)            Hicksville/Plainview 1475 Old Country Rd         Landb                                        3          100
                                                                                b
                        Great Neck           302-308 East Shore Rd       Land                                         2          100
                        Woodstock            Rock City Rd                Landc                                        2          100
                                                                                e
                        New York             110 E 45th St               Land                                         1          100
                        Saint James          325 Lake Ave                Landb                                        1          100
                                                                                d
                        Syracuse             1801 Milton Ave             Land                                Less than 1         100
                        Newfane              2748 Main St                Main officec               1,800                        100
North Carolina (2)      New Bern             413-415 Middle St           Main officed              21,000                         50
                        Clinton              109 W Main St               Main officec              13,653                        100
Ohio (3)                Columbus             1521 Cassady Ave            Landd                                        4          100
                        Cincinnati           5545 Murray Rd              Landc                                        3          100
                                                                                        c
                        Lorain               863 Broadway                Main office               29,565                        100
Oklahoma (2)            Oklahoma City        W Reno Ave, between         Landb
                                             Meridan & Portland                                                      37          100
                        Oklahoma City        7800 Hefner Rd              Landc                                        7          100
Oregon (1)              Myrtle Creek         Rice St, between Battan & Landd
                                             Maple                                                                    1          100




                                            Page 60                         GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
                                              Appendix IV
                                              List of Vacant and Underutilized Real
                                              Properties Reported by the U.S. Postal
                                              Service as of October 1, 2002




(Continued From Previous Page)
                                         Property location                                         Property size
State/entity (total                                                                              Buildings
number of properties                                                                              (square           Land Vacancy rate
in each state/entity)   City                   Address                    Type of propertya           feet)       (acres)   (percent)
Pennsylvania (3)        Philadelphia           Lindbergh Blvd             Landb                                       50          100
                                                                                 b
                        Swiftwater             Swiftwater Rd Sr 1011      Land                                         1          100
                        Elizabethville         25 Broad St                Landb                                        1          100
                                                                                 c
Puerto Rico (3)         San Juan               E/S State Rd 176           Land                                         2          100
                        Loiza                  State Rd 188 at Mediania   Landd
                                               Baja Ward                                                      Less than 1         100
                        Vieques                State Rd 993 opposite      Landb
                                               Isabel Segunda Bypass                                          Less than 1         100
Rhode Island (3)        Providence             24 Corliss St              Landb                                        8          100
                        North Kingstown        7715 Post Rd               Landc                                        2          100
                        West Warwick           1190 Main St               Main officec              10,179                        100
South Carolina (3)      Hilton Head Island     10 Bow Circle              Landb                               Less than 1         100
                        Darlington             201 Pearl St               Main officed               9,123                        100
                        North Myrtle Beach 621 Sixth Ave S                Main officec               6,500                        100
Texas (13)              San Antonio            10410 Perrin-Bietel Rd     Landb                                       10          100
                        Round Rock             2250 Double Creek Dr       Landd                                        9          100
                        Austin                 Airport Blvd               Landd                                        6          100
                                                                                 d
                        El Paso                PO Box 9998                Land                                         6          100
                        Edinburg               410 South Jackson Rd       Landd                                        4          100
                                                                                 b
                        Eastland               Southwest corner,          Land
                                               Daugherty/White                                                Less than 1         100
                                                                                        d
                        Dallas                 Bryan & Ervay Sts          Post office              163,694                         75
                        Paris                  231 Lamar Ave              Main officec              28,673                        100
                        San Benito             417 N Sam Houston St       Main officec              16,342                        100
                        Mission                901 N Francisco Ave        Main officed              10,670                        100
                                                                                        c
                        Austin                 2620 Anderson Ln           Post office                9,383                        100
                        Waller                 Southeast corner,          Main officec
                                               Saunders and Main                                     3,360                        100
                        Austin                 3507 N Lamar St            Post officec               2,877                        100




                                              Page 61                        GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
                                            Appendix IV
                                            List of Vacant and Underutilized Real
                                            Properties Reported by the U.S. Postal
                                            Service as of October 1, 2002




(Continued From Previous Page)
                                       Property location                                                   Property size
State/entity (total                                                                                     Buildings
number of properties                                                                                     (square            Land Vacancy rate
in each state/entity)   City                    Address                     Type of propertya                feet)        (acres)   (percent)
Virginia (5)            Roanoke                 1515 Courtland Rd, NE       Landb                                                2                 100
                                                                                  e
                        Arlington               3101-3115 10th St           Land                                     Less than 1                   100
                        Mechanicsville          9540 Chamberlain Rd         Landc                                    Less than 1                   100
                                                                                         c
                        Harrisonburg            116 N Main                  Main office                     50,423                                 100
                        Chester                 4238 W Hundred Rd           Main officec                     6,765                                 100
                                                                                             e
Washington (1)          Toppenish               Old Safeway Building        USPS building                   10,700                                 100
Total (114)             106 cities                                          114 properties              4,276,979            500f
Source: USPS.
                                            a
                                             This table includes all properties that had been reported to USPS headquarters for disposal or
                                            enhanced use. Land refers to real property that has no structures on it, and all land is considered 100
                                            percent vacant.
                                            b
                                            As of May 1, 2003, USPS officials said that this property was being held for construction of a future
                                            USPS facility.
                                            c
                                              As of May 1, 2003, USPS officials said that this property had been sold or was under contract to be
                                            sold.
                                            d
                                             As of May 1, 2003, USPS officials said that this property was being offered for sale or it had been
                                            identified as unneeded for USPS purposes.
                                            e
                                             As of May 1, 2003, USPS officials said that this property was no longer vacant or underutilized
                                            because it was being used by USPS or had been leased to other tenants.
                                            f
                                            This figure includes a total of about 11 acres for 19 land properties, each of which measured less than
                                            1 acre.




                                            Page 62                             GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
Appendix V

List of Locations with 5 or More GSA, VA, and
USPS Vacant and Underutilized Real
Properties as of October 1, 2002                                                                   Appen
                                                                                                       V
                                                                                                       di
                                                                                                       x




                                                        Number of properties
State/entity           Location                GSA               VA        USPS               Total
Alabama                Tuscaloosa                                  5                              5
Alabama                Tuskegee                                   23           1                 24
Arkansas               North Little Rock                           5                              5
California             Alameda                    10                                             10
California             Los Angeles                                52           2                 54
Colorado               Lakewood                   14                                             14
Connecticut            Newington                                  10                             10
District of Columbia   Washington, DC             10               1                             11
Georgia                Augusta                                    12                             12
Iowa                   Knoxville                                   7                              7
Illinois               Hines                                       7                              7
Illinois               North Chicago                               9                              9
Indiana                Marion                                     27                             27
Kansas                 Leavenworth                                36                             36
Kentucky               Lexington                                  19                             19
Massachusetts          Bedford                                     8                              8
Massachusetts          Brockton                                    5                              5
Maryland               Baltimore                   3               1           1                  5
Maryland               Fort Howard                                43                             43
Maryland               Middle River                8                                              8
Maryland               Silver Spring              21                                             21
Michigan               Battle Creek                                5                              5
Missouri               Kansas City                10                                             10
Missouri               St. Louis                  12               4                             16
Nebraska               Lincoln                                     4           1                  5
Nevada                 Reno                        1               4           1                  6
New Jersey             Lyons                                       5                              5
New Mexico             Albuquerque                 2               1           2                  5
New York               Batavia                                     7                              7
New York               Jamaica                                     5                              5
New York               Montrose                                    9                              9
New York               Northport                                   9                              9
North Carolina         Asheville                                   8                              8
North Carolina         Salisbury                                   5                              5
Oklahoma               Oklahoma City               3                           2                  5




                          Page 63          GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
                                                     Appendix V
                                                     List of Locations with 5 or More GSA, VA, and
                                                     USPS Vacant and Underutilized Real
                                                     Properties as of October 1, 2002




(Continued From Previous Page)
                                                                                                     Number of properties
State/entity                                      Location                                GSA                VA       USPS              Total
Pennsylvania                                      Butler                                                       7                            7
Pennsylvania                                      Pittsburgh                                  1              14                            15
South Carolina                                    Columbia                                                     7                            7
South Dakota                                      Fort Meade                                                   7                            7
Tennessee                                         Johnson City                                                 6                            6
Tennessee                                         Murfreesboro                                                 9                            9
Texas                                             Fort Worth                                 18                                            18
Texas                                             Temple                                                       6                            6
Texas                                             Waco                                                        10                           10
Virginia                                          Hampton                                                      9                            9
Virginia                                          Salem                                                        5                            5
Washington                                        Vancouver                                   1               21                           22
Wisconsin                                         Milwaukee                                                    8                            8
Wyoming                                           Sheridan                                                     7                            7
Total—31 states and the District of
Columbia                                          49 locations                              114             452             10            576
Source: GAO analysis of GSA, VA, and USPS data.




                                                     Page 64                         GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
Appendix VI

Comments from the General Services
Administration                                                                         AppenV
                                                                                            d
                                                                                            xiI




We did not include
enclosure 1.


We did not include
enclosure 2.




                     Page 65   GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
Appendix VI
Comments from the General Services
Administration




Page 66                      GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
Appendix VII

GAO Contacts and Staff Acknowledgments                                                             AppenV
                                                                                                        d
                                                                                                        xiI




GAO Contacts      Bernard L. Ungar (202) 512-2834
                  Mark L. Goldstein (202) 512-2834
                  Gerald Stankosky (202) 512-5758



Staff             In addition to those named above, William Dowdal, Anne Hilleary, and
                  Jessica Lundberg made key contributions to this report.
Acknowledgments




(543033)          Page 67                  GAO-03-747 Vacant and Underutilized Federal Real Property
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