oversight

Force Structure: Assessment of Army Report on Fiscal Year 2011 Progress in Modular Restructuring

Published by the Government Accountability Office on 2012-03-26.

Below is a raw (and likely hideous) rendition of the original report. (PDF)

United States Government Accountability Office
Washington, DC 20548




           March 26, 2012


           Congressional Committees


           Subject: Force Structure: Assessment of Army Report on Fiscal Year 2011 Progress
           in Modular Restructuring

           The Army considers its modular force transformation the most extensive
           restructuring it has undertaken since World War II. Restructuring the Army from its
           division-based force to a brigade-based force requires investments in equipment and
           in the retraining of personnel. The John Warner National Defense Authorization Act
           (NDAA) for Fiscal Year 2007 1 directed the Army to report to Congress annually, on
           the date that the President submits a budget to Congress, on, among other things,
           progress made during the previous fiscal year to ensure that financial resources are
           provided for the repair, recapitalization, and replacement of equipment used in the
           global war on terrorism, the overall equipment requirements of Army units
           transforming to modularity, the reconstitution of prepositioned stocks, and the
           schedule for meeting those requirements. The same law directed the Comptroller
           General to provide an annual report assessing the Army’s progress in staffing and
           equipping the modular force, among other things. In our 2008 report addressing this
           legislative requirement, we reported that the Army did not have a comprehensive
           and transparent approach to measure progress against its modularity objectives and
           that Congress should consider specifying more clearly the reporting elements that
           would be most useful in overseeing the transformation. 2 The Ike Skelton NDAA for
           Fiscal Year 2011, 3 enacted on January 7, 2011, retained the requirement for the
           Army to report annually on its progress toward implementing modularity but specified
           new elements to be included in the Army’s report, such as reporting on key enabler
           equipment and personnel available to modular units. It also directed the Comptroller
           General to review the Army’s annual report. To respond to this mandate, we are
           reporting information on the extent to which the Army’s annual fiscal year 2011
           report addressed the statutory reporting requirements.



           1
            See Pub. L. No. 109-364, § 323 (2006).
           2
            GAO, Force Structure: The Army Needs a Results-Oriented Plan to Equip and Staff Modular Forces
           and a Thorough Assessment of Their Capabilities, GAO-09-131 (Washington, D.C.: Nov. 14, 2008).
           3
            See Pub. L. No. 111-383, § 332 (2011).

           Page 1                                                      GAO-12-527R Force Structure
To address our objective, we reviewed relevant laws and related Army reports on
progress in modular restructuring. Specifically, we reviewed section 323 of the John
Warner NDAA for Fiscal Year 2007 and section 332 of the Ike Skelton NDAA for
Fiscal Year 2011, both of which required reports on issues related to Army progress
in modular restructuring. We also reviewed two reports that the Army issued in fiscal
year 2011 on progress toward modular restructuring—a February 2011 interim
report on progress toward implementing the Army modular force initiative and toward
resetting and prepositioning Army stocks, and a final report issued in September
2011 entitled Fiscal Year 2011 Report on the Prioritization of Funds for Equipment
Readiness and Strategic Capability. We evaluated the extent to which the contents
of these reports addressed the legally mandated reporting requirements of the Ike
Skelton NDAA for Fiscal Year 2011. To corroborate our understanding of DOD’s
approach for responding to the legislative requirements of the Ike Skelton NDAA for
Fiscal Year 2011, we discussed the Army’s approach with officials responsible for
the development of the Army reports on progress toward modular restructuring. We
conducted this performance audit from September 2011 through March 2012 in
accordance with generally accepted government auditing standards. Those
standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain sufficient, appropriate
evidence to provide a reasonable basis for our findings and conclusions based on
our audit objectives. We believe that the evidence obtained provides a reasonable
basis for our findings and conclusions based on our audit objective.

According to the Army’s Fiscal Year 2011 Report on the Prioritization of Funds for
Equipment Readiness and Strategic Capability, issued in September 2011, the
report addressed the requirements of the John Warner NDAA for Fiscal Year 2007
rather than the amended requirements stipulated in the Ike Skelton NDAA for Fiscal
Year 2011. The report does include some information that addresses aspects of the
updated reporting requirements. For example, the 2011 NDAA requires the Army to
include a description of the status of the development of doctrine on how modular
combat, functional, and support forces will train, be sustained, and fight. In
addressing the old reporting requirements in the 2007 NDAA, the Army’s 2011 report
discusses modifications to the modularity plan due to finalization of organizational
designs and the need to reprioritize due to the emergence of higher-priority force-
protection programs. However, the report does not mention the status of the
development of doctrine on how modular combat, functional, and support forces will
train, be sustained, and fight, as required by the current law.


Army officials responsible for developing the mandated report said that they did not
address the amended requirements because they were not aware of the changes in
the legislation. Army officials attributed this oversight to internal miscommunication.


According to these officials, the Army plans to revise and reissue its September
2011 report to respond to the amended reporting requirements and, at the same
time, develop its 2012 report. Officials told us that they planned to issue both the
revised 2011 and the 2012 report on April 30, 2012. Army officials noted, however,
that responding to the legislative requirements that require the Army to discuss plans


Page 2                                                 GAO-12-527R Force Structure
for the future will be challenging because decisions about the size and structure of
the Army force are under review and may not be finalized prior to the reporting date.


DOD reviewed a draft of this letter and did not provide comments.


                                ________________


We are sending copies of this report to the appropriate congressional committees,
the Secretary of Defense, and the Secretary of the Army. This report also is
available at no charge on our website at http://www.gao.gov.


Should you or your staff have any questions concerning this report, please contact
me at (404) 679-1816 or pendletonj@gao.gov. Contact points for our Offices of
Congressional Relations and Public Affairs may be found on the last page of this
report. GAO staff who made major contributions to this report are listed in enclosure
I.




John H. Pendleton,
Director, Defense Capabilities and Management

Enclosure




Page 3                                                GAO-12-527R Force Structure
List of Committees


The Honorable Carl Levin
Chairman
The Honorable John McCain
Ranking Member
Committee on Armed Services
United States Senate

The Honorable Daniel K. Inouye
Chairman
The Honorable Thad Cochran
Ranking Member
Subcommittee on Defense
Committee on Appropriations
United States Senate

The Honorable Howard P. “Buck” McKeon
Chairman
The Honorable Adam Smith
Ranking Member
Committee on Armed Services
House of Representatives

The Honorable C.W. “Bill” Young
Chairman
The Honorable Norman D. Dicks
Ranking Member
Subcommittee on Defense
Committee on Appropriations
House of Representatives




Page 4                                  GAO-12-527R Force Structure
Enclosure I

GAO Contact and Staff Acknowledgments


GAO Contact

John H. Pendleton, (404) 679-1816 or pendletonj@gao.gov


Staff Acknowledgments

In addition to the contact named above, Margaret G. Morgan, Assistant Director;
Natalya Barden; Mae Jones; Nicole Willems; and Matthew R. Young made
significant contributions to the report.




(351636)



Page 5                                              GAO-12-527R Force Structure
This is a work of the U.S. government and is not subject to copyright protection in the
United States. The published product may be reproduced and distributed in its entirety
without further permission from GAO. However, because this work may contain
copyrighted images or other material, permission from the copyright holder may be
necessary if you wish to reproduce this material separately.
                      The Government Accountability Office, the audit, evaluation, and
GAO’s Mission         investigative arm of Congress, exists to support Congress in meeting its
                      constitutional responsibilities and to help improve the performance and
                      accountability of the federal government for the American people. GAO
                      examines the use of public funds; evaluates federal programs and
                      policies; and provides analyses, recommendations, and other assistance
                      to help Congress make informed oversight, policy, and funding decisions.
                      GAO’s commitment to good government is reflected in its core values of
                      accountability, integrity, and reliability.

                      The fastest and easiest way to obtain copies of GAO documents at no
Obtaining Copies of   cost is through GAO’s website (www.gao.gov). Each weekday afternoon,
GAO Reports and       GAO posts on its website newly released reports, testimony, and
                      correspondence. To have GAO e-mail you a list of newly posted products,
Testimony             go to www.gao.gov and select “E-mail Updates.”

Order by Phone        The price of each GAO publication reflects GAO’s actual cost of
                      production and distribution and depends on the number of pages in the
                      publication and whether the publication is printed in color or black and
                      white. Pricing and ordering information is posted on GAO’s website,
                      http://www.gao.gov/ordering.htm.
                      Place orders by calling (202) 512-6000, toll free (866) 801-7077, or
                      TDD (202) 512-2537.
                      Orders may be paid for using American Express, Discover Card,
                      MasterCard, Visa, check, or money order. Call for additional information.
                      Connect with GAO on Facebook, Flickr, Twitter, and YouTube.
Connect with GAO      Subscribe to our RSS Feeds or E-mail Updates. Listen to our Podcasts.
                      Visit GAO on the web at www.gao.gov.
                      Contact:
To Report Fraud,
Waste, and Abuse in   Website: www.gao.gov/fraudnet/fraudnet.htm
                      E-mail: fraudnet@gao.gov
Federal Programs      Automated answering system: (800) 424-5454 or (202) 512-7470

                      Katherine Siggerud, Managing Director, siggerudk@gao.gov, (202) 512-
Congressional         4400, U.S. Government Accountability Office, 441 G Street NW, Room
Relations             7125, Washington, DC 20548

                      Chuck Young, Managing Director, youngc1@gao.gov, (202) 512-4800
Public Affairs        U.S. Government Accountability Office, 441 G Street NW, Room 7149
                      Washington, DC 20548




                        Please Print on Recycled Paper.