oversight

U.S. Ports of Entry: Update on CBP Public-Private Partnership Programs

Published by the Government Accountability Office on 2019-03-14.

Below is a raw (and likely hideous) rendition of the original report. (PDF)

441 G St. N.W.
Washington, DC 20548

March 14, 2019

Congressional Committees

U.S. Ports of Entry: Update on CBP Public-Private Partnership Programs

On a typical day in fiscal year 2017, over 1 million passengers and pedestrians and over 78,000
truck, rail, and sea containers carrying goods worth approximately $7.2 billion entered the
United States through 328 U.S. land, sea, and air ports of entry (POE), according to U.S.
Customs and Border Protection (CBP). 1 Within the Department of Homeland Security (DHS),
CBP is the lead federal agency charged with a dual mission of keeping terrorists and their
weapons, criminals and their contraband, and inadmissible aliens out of the country while
facilitating the flow of legitimate international travel and trade through the nation’s POEs. 2 CBP’s
Office of Field Operations is responsible for conducting passenger and cargo processing
activities related to security, trade, immigration, and agricultural inspection at the nation’s
POEs. 3

Since 2013, CBP has entered into public-private partnerships with stakeholders, such as port
authorities or local municipalities that own or manage the ports or private companies that
conduct business through the ports, under its Reimbursable Services Program (RSP) to cover
CBP’s cost of providing certain services at POEs. 4 Such services include those supporting
customs, agricultural processing, border security, or immigration inspection matters. For
example, the RSP enables entities to pay the overtime costs of CBP personnel who may
provide such services outside normal business hours. 5 A second public-private partnership
program—the Donations Acceptance Program (DAP)—enables entities to donate personal or
real property, nonpersonal services, or provide funding related to land acquisition, design,
construction, repair or alteration, and operations and maintenance to CBP and the General
Services Administration (GSA) at POEs. 6 More specifically, the DAP permits CBP and GSA to


1
 Ports of entry are facilities that provide for the controlled entry into or departure from the United States. Specifically,
a port of entry is any officially designated location (seaport, airport, or land border location) where DHS officers or
employees are assigned to clear passengers, merchandise and other items, collect duties, and enforce customs
laws; and where DHS officers inspect persons seeking to enter or depart, or applying for admission into, the United
States pursuant to U.S. immigration and travel controls.
2
    See 6 U.S.C. § 211(a) (establishing CBP within DHS), (c) (enumerating CBP’s duties).
3
    See id. § 211(g) (establishing and listing duties of Office of Field Operations within CBP).
4
    We refer to entities that CBP selects for and/or enters into partnerships with CBP as partners throughout this report.
5
 More specifically, the RSP enables partnerships between CBP and private sector or government entities, allowing
CBP to provide new or additional services upon the request of partners, and may cover costs such as salaries,
benefits, overtime expenses, administration, and transportation costs. According to authorizing legislation, RSP
agreements are subject to certain limitations, including that they may not unduly and permanently impact existing
services funded by an appropriations act or fee collection. According to CBP officials, the purpose of the RSP is to
provide new or additional CBP services at ports of entry that the component would otherwise not have been able to
provide.
6
    GSA also oversees matters related to the DAP at all land POEs with GSA-operated real estate.




Page 1                                                                GAO-19-263R CBP Public-Private Partnerships
accept donations from private and public sector entities, such as private or municipally-owned
seaports or land border crossings. Donated resources may include improvements to existing
facilities, new facilities, equipment and technology, and operations and maintenance costs,
among other things. 7 CBP’s Alternative Funding Programs office manages and oversees both
programs at the headquarters level for CBP. GSA’s Public Building Services office manages
and oversees the DAP at the headquarters level for GSA.

The Cross-Border Trade Enhancement Act of 2016 included a provision for us to annually
review the agreements along with the funds and donations that CBP has received under the
RSP and DAP. We issued the first annual report in March 2018, which describes the
development of the statutory framework of the RSP and DAP and how the programs are
administered, among other things. 8 We reported on the status of RSP and DAP partnerships
through approximately the third quarter of fiscal year 2017, and found that the partnerships have
benefits. For example, the programs augment CBP staffing and infrastructure resources and
provide partners with additional services and operational flexibility. We also found that CBP
uses various processes to monitor and evaluate its partnerships, but could benefit from
establishing an evaluation plan to assess overall performance. Thus, we recommended that
CBP develop and implement an evaluation plan to assess the overall performance of RSP and
DAP. CBP concurred with this recommendation, and we discuss the status of CBP’s actions
later in this report. This second annual report updates key information from our March 2018
report, and examines: (1) the status of CBP public-private partnership program agreements,
including the purposes for which CBP has used the funds and donations from these agreements
in 2017 and 2018; and (2) the extent that CBP addressed our March 2018 recommendation to
develop and implement an evaluation plan to assess the overall performance of public-private
partnership programs.

To examine the status of RSP and DAP agreements, including the purposes for which CBP
uses funds and donations from these agreements, we collected and analyzed all Reimbursable
Services Agreements, Donations Acceptance Agreements, and Memoranda of Understanding
(MOU) for both the RSP and DAP from 2017 and 2018, excluding the 2017 agreements that
were analyzed in our March 2018 report. In addition, we interviewed CBP officials at
headquarters about any significant changes to how RSP and DAP are administered. To
determine the extent to which CBP has addressed our March 2018 recommendation regarding
program assessment, we reviewed CBP's 2018 Alternative Funding Programs: Program
Performance Management Plan, interviewed CBP officials at headquarters, and reviewed
documentation on plan implementation.

We conducted this performance audit from October 2018 to March 2019, in accordance with
generally accepted government auditing standards. Those standards require that we plan and
perform the audit to obtain sufficient, appropriate evidence to provide a reasonable basis for our


7
 Donations may be used for activities related to land acquisition, design, construction, repair, alteration, operations,
and maintenance, including installation or deployment of furniture, fixtures, equipment or technology, at an existing
CBP-owned land port of entry; a new or existing space at a CBP air or sea port of entry; or a new or existing GSA-
owned land port of entry. CBP and GSA may not accept donations at a leased land port of entry, nor is CBP able to
accept a donation at or for a new land port of entry if the combined fair market value of the port of entry and donation
exceeds $50 million. Additionally, CBP may not use monetary donations accepted under the DAP to pay salaries of
CBP employees performing inspection services. Also, CBP may not accept donations on foreign soil.
8
 GAO, U.S. Ports of Entry: CBP Public-Private Partnership Programs Have Benefits, but CBP Could Strengthen
Evaluation Efforts, GAO-18-268 (Washington, D.C: March 15, 2018).



Page 2                                                            GAO-19-263R CBP Public-Private Partnerships
findings and conclusions based on our audit objectives. We believe that the evidence obtained
provides a reasonable basis for our findings and conclusions based on our audit objectives.

In summary, we found that CBP continued to expand the RSP and DAP, and entered into
almost 80 new agreements for both programs since our March 2018 report. Although the
number of agreements increased, the level of services provided through the RSP in 2018 was
comparable to services provided in 2017. In addition, in response to our March 2018
recommendation, CBP developed and is implementing an evaluation plan to assess the overall
performance of the RSP and DAP. CBP plans to issue an internal report on its evaluation in
April 2019 and share its findings with us.

We are not making any recommendations in this report.

Reimbursable Services Program and Donation Acceptance Program Agreements
Increased in 2017 and 2018 and Are Used for a Variety of Services

CBP’s Use of RSP Agreements Has Grown

Since our March 2018 report, the RSP has continued to expand. From July 2017 through
October 2018, CBP selected an additional 58 RSP applications, bringing the total number of
RSP selections since 2013 to 172. 9 According to CBP officials, three applications were denied
since March 2018. For example, one application was denied because the proposed agreement
site was located too far away from the nearest CBP POE to make CBP travel time practicable.
Figure 1 depicts the number of RSP applications received and selected since 2013, including
during the three most recent evaluation cycles for which data are available since our March
2018 report.




9
At the time of our March 2018 report, CBP had made 114 RSP selections.




Page 3                                                      GAO-19-263R CBP Public-Private Partnerships
Figure 1: Number of Applications U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) Selected for Its Reimbursable
                                                                          a
Services Program (RSP) from 2013 through the Second 2018 Evaluation Cycle




a
 In 2017, CBP implemented a process to accept and evaluate applications for RSP agreements during three application cycles per
year. Cycle 1 includes the months of November, December, January, and February. Cycle 2 includes the months of March, April,
May, and June. Cycle 3 includes the months of July, August, September, and October. Our March 2018 report included data
through Cycle 2 of 2017. Data from Cycle 3, 2018 was not finalized as of December 2018.


In addition to the 58 new 2017 and 2018 RSP selections, CBP and its RSP partners established
36 new MOUs as of December 2018 that outline how RSP agreements are implemented at
specific POEs. 10 For example, MOUs outline the types of CBP services that partners can
request, such as traveler processing or mission support. The MOUs may also describe intended
results of the partnership, such as reducing traveler wait times or expanding POE hours of
operation. The majority of MOUs executed in the 2017 and 2018 evaluation cycles that we
reviewed was at air POEs and focused on freight, cargo, and traveler processing. See table 1.




10
  According to CBP’s procedures, before any RSP services can be provided, CBP and the prospective partners must
sign a legally binding Reimbursable Services Agreement. The MOUs are not legally binding and instead address
logistical issues concerning requesting and providing services.



Page 4                                                                GAO-19-263R CBP Public-Private Partnerships
Table 1: Details of Reimbursable Services Program (RSP) Partnership Memoranda of Understanding (MOU)
                                           a
for Select 2017 and 2018 Evaluation Cycles

    Total Number of MOUs                                                                                  Land       Sea        Air
    by Port of Entry (POE)                                                                                  1        11         24
         b
    Type
    Services that partner can Freight or cargo processingc                                                 1         10         23
    request
                              Traveler processing                                                          1          7         22
                                         Unanticipated irregular operations or diversions                  0          1          5
                                         Mission support                                                   0          1         16
                                         Enforcement functions                                             1          1         17
                                         CBP officers or contractors (unspecified)                         0          0          5
Source: GAO analysis of U.S. Customs and Border Protection data. | GAO-19-263R

a
    Specifically, Cycle 3, 2017 and Cycles 1 and 2, 2018
.
b
 This table includes information on the types of services that partners can request as outlined in MOUs that CBP and its partners
negotiate at the affected POEs.
c
    Freight or cargo processing includes agricultural inspection.


Although the number of RSP partners increased since our March 2018 report, the total number
of RSP-related CBP assignments, officer overtime hours, and reimbursed funds through mid-
October 2018 remained roughly at 2017 levels. This recent leveling-off occurred after a rapid
period of growth from 2014 through 2017. One senior CBP official noted that CBP is better
addressing its CBP-wide officer staffing challenges than in prior years, and that it hired
additional officers in 2018, which may impact the number of requests for RSP services. In
addition, fluctuations in travel and trade impact the overall annual number of CBP inspections,
and these fluctuations may also impact the number of requests for RSP services. Table 2 lists
data on services provided by the RSP and table 3 lists more specific data on the number of
travelers and vehicles inspected from 2014 through 2018. With the exception of pedestrian
inspections, the number of RSP-related inspections of other types of travelers and vehicles from
January through mid-October 2018 were fewer than 2017 figures.

Table 2: Total Reimbursement of U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) Officer
Assignments/Hours for Reimbursable Services
                                                                                                                 Total amount partners
                                        Total number of CBP                       Total number of CBP      reimbursed CBP for overtime
Year                                            assignments                      officer overtime hours                       services
2014                                                  21,960                                     60,279                     $6,977,984
2015                                                  25,546                                     72,980                     $8,489,033
2016                                                  42,283                                    112,705                    $13,844,910
2017                                                  61,604                                    174,168                    $23,032,215
      a
2018                                                  60,617                                    165,742                    $22,746,547
Total                                                212,010                                    585,874                    $75,090,688
Source: GAO analysis of U.S. Customs and Border Protection data. | GAO-19-263R

a
    2018 data are through October 13, 2018, the most current data available at the time of our report.




Page 5                                                                                GAO-19-263R CBP Public-Private Partnerships
Table 3: Total Number of Travelers and Vehicles U.S. Customs and Border Protection Officers Inspected
During Reimbursable Services Program Partner Requests for Services

                                                                                                                          Total number
                                Amount                  Amount                   Amount          Amount       Amount        of travelers
Traveler or                 inspected in            inspected in             inspected in    inspected in   inspected       or vehicles
                                                                                                                      a
vehicle type                       2014                    2015                     2016            2017         2018        inspected
Air travelers                   866,823                 993,158                 1,098,145       1,547,865    1,226,420        5,732,411

Travelers in                       578,517                 638,136                672,022      1,070,589      691,336         3,650,600
personally
operated
vehicles at land
ports of entry
(POE)

Pedestrians                          53,226                  42,551                83,008         44,630       51,059           274,474

Travelers in                          7,400                    9,877               37,373         48,530       39,307           142,487
commercially
operated
vehicles at land
POEs

Ship travelers                      7,287                  106,629                 416,916       809,378      529,493        1,869,703
Traveler Total                  1,513,253                1,790,351               2,307,464     3,520,992    2,537,615       11,669,675
Personally                        229,670                  258,309                 276,104       441,639      299,750        1,505,472
operated
vehicles

Commercially                          7,400                    9,877               28,065         38,700       31,928           115,970
operated
vehicles
Vehicle Total                      237,070                 268,186                304,169        480,339      331,678         1,621,442
Source: GAO analysis of U.S. Customs and Border Protection data. | GAO-19-263R
a
2018 totals through October 13, 2018, the most current data available at the time of our report.


CBP Entered Into New DAP Partnerships for Various Projects in Fiscal Year 2018

In fiscal year 2018, CBP entered into 17 new DAP partnerships bringing the total number of
agreements to 33 since fiscal year 2015. Partners span a variety of sectors, including state and
local governments, private companies, such as Apple and Procter & Gamble, and airline
companies. Correspondingly, donations served a variety of purposes, such as expanding
inspection facility infrastructure, providing biometric detection services, and providing luggage
for canine training. As of December 2018, CBP officials estimated that the total value of all DAP
donations was $218 million. Fiscal year 2018 DAP donations and status updates on projects
from fiscal years 2015 through 2017 are described in more detail in enclosure I. Figure 2 depicts
an ongoing DAP project at the Veterans International Bridge in Cameron County, Texas.
Cameron County is donating funds to expand inspection facilities at a land POE.




Page 6                                                                                GAO-19-263R CBP Public-Private Partnerships
Figure 2: U.S. Customs and Border Protection Donations Acceptance Program: Pavement Expansion Project
at Land Port of Entry




CBP Created a Public-Private Partnership Evaluation Plan and is Preparing to Issue an
Assessment Report in April 2019

In our March 2018 report, we recommended that CBP develop and implement an evaluation
plan to assess the overall performance of the RSP and DAP. CBP concurred with this
recommendation and, in April 2018, issued its Alternative Funding Programs: Program
Performance Management Plan to help evaluate the performance of the RSP and DAP. We
reviewed this plan and found that it contains program goals and metrics, along with
methodologies to collect and analyze various qualitative and quantitative data. For example,
RSP performance metrics span four overarching goals related to exploring new partnerships,
facilitating existing partnerships, and measuring the benefits and effectiveness of the program.
Similar goals are defined for the DAP. In addition, the plan lists a total of 27 measurable
objectives and associated metrics for the RSP and DAP. CBP also surveyed RSP partners to
gain insights on their experiences with the program and to identify potential areas for
improvement and distributed an internal questionnaire to CBP officials at POEs. As of
December 2018, CBP reported that it had completed data collection as called for in the plan,
and was analyzing results. According to CBP officials, CBP expects to issue internally an
assessment report for the RSP and DAP based on this analysis in April 2019, and then on an
annual basis. According to the plan and CBP officials, this evaluation process will assist in
improving and monitoring the performance of the RSP and DAP. CBP actions to develop the
evaluation plan and collect data under the plan are positive steps toward addressing our
recommendation. Once completed and issued, CBP’s 2019 assessment report to assess the
overall performance of the RSP and DAP should address the intent of our recommendation.

Agency Comments

We provided a draft of this report for review and comment to the Secretary of Homeland
Security. DHS provided technical comments only, which we incorporated as appropriate.




Page 7                                                 GAO-19-263R CBP Public-Private Partnerships
                                                  -----

We are sending copies of this report to appropriate congressional committees, the Secretary of
Homeland Security, and other interested parties. In addition, the report is available at no charge
on the GAO website at http://www.gao.gov.

If you or your staff have any questions concerning this report, please contact me at (202) 512-
8777 or by e-mail at gamblerr@gao.gov. Contact points for our Office of Congressional
Relations and Public Affairs may be found on the last page of this report. GAO staff who made
key contributions to this report were Kirk Kiester (Assistant Director), Michele Fejfar, Stephanie
Heiken, David Lutter, Sasan J. “Jon” Najmi, Kevin Reeves, and Eli Stiefel.




Rebecca Gambler
Director, Homeland Security and Justice

Enclosure




Page 8                                                GAO-19-263R CBP Public-Private Partnerships
List of Committees

The Honorable John A. Barrasso
Chairman
The Honorable Thomas R. Carper
Ranking Member
Committee on Environment and Public Works
United States Senate

The Honorable Chuck Grassley
Chairman
The Honorable Ron Wyden
Ranking Member
Committee on Finance
United States Senate

The Honorable Ron Johnson
Chairman
The Honorable Gary C. Peters
Ranking Member
Committee on Homeland Security and
Governmental Affairs
United States Senate

The Honorable Lindsey Graham
Chairman
The Honorable Dianne Feinstein
Ranking Member
Committee on the Judiciary
United States Senate

The Honorable Shelley Moore Capito
Chairman
The Honorable Jon Tester
Ranking Member
Subcommittee on Homeland Security
Committee on Appropriations
United States Senate

The Honorable Bennie G. Thompson
Chairman
The Honorable Mike Rogers
Ranking Member
Committee on Homeland Security
House of Representatives




Page 9                                      GAO-19-263R CBP Public-Private Partnerships
The Honorable Jerrold Nadler
Chairman
The Honorable Doug Collins
Ranking Member
Committee on the Judiciary
House of Representatives

The Honorable Peter A. DeFazio
Chairman
The Honorable Sam Graves
Ranking Member
Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure
House of Representatives

The Honorable Richard E. Neal
Chairman
The Honorable Kevin Brady
Ranking Member
Committee on Ways and Means
House of Representatives

The Honorable Lucille Roybal-Allard
Chairman
The Honorable Chuck Fleischmann
Ranking Member
Subcommittee on Homeland Security
Committee on Appropriations
House of Representatives




Page 10                                          GAO-19-263R CBP Public-Private Partnerships
Enclosure: Additional Information on Projects Funded Through U.S. Customs and Border
Protection’s (CBP) Donations Acceptance Program (DAP)

As described in tables 4 and 5, CBP has entered into 33 DAP agreements as of December
2018. The agreements are made with a variety of stakeholders, and as such, serve a variety of
purposes. The status of individual projects range from early pre-execution, through planning and
design, to full execution. Some projects, such as airline companies donating luggage for canine
training, are executed on a recurring basis.


Table 4: Status of Partner Donations Under U.S. Customs and Border Protection’s (CBP) Donations
Acceptance Program, Fiscal Year 2018

                                                                                          Donation status
                      Affected port of entry                                              as of December
Partner               (POE) and port type      Scope of donation                          2018
North Dakota          Pembina (Land)           Median for outbound inspections and        Execution
Department of                                  vehicle registration parking lot.
Transportation

New Mexico Border     Santa Teresa (Land)      Sidewalk in support of planned visitor     Pre-execution
Authority                                      center.

Texas Department of   Los Tomates (Land)       Infrastructure improvements in support of Planning
Transportation                                 Border Safety Inspection Facility plans.

Texas Department of   Paso Del Norte (Land)    Closed caption television cameras and    Pre-Execution
Transportation                                 video monitoring equipment in support of
                                               highway expansion project.

Texas Department of   Los Indios (Land)        Infrastructure improvements in support of Design
Transportation                                 Border Safety Inspection Facility plans.

Cameron County,       Los Indios (Land)        Land donation in support of Border Safety Pre-Execution
Texas                                          Inspection Facility

Cameron County,       Veterans                 Pavement expansion project in support of Execution
Texas                 International Bridge     model port testing.
                      (Land)

City of El Paso, Texas Paso Del Norte (Land)   Roundabout project including sidewalks,    Design
                                               landscaping, signage, and striping.

Anzalduas Bridge      McAllen Anzalduas        Northbound and southbound laden            Planning
Board                 (Land)                   commercial inspection facilities and
                                               related infrastructure and technologies.
Otter Products, LLC   Multiple Locations       Detector devices to authenticate           Fully executed
                                               OtterBox and LifeProof-branded
                                               cases.

Procter & Gamble      Multiple Locations       Test kits, test sieves, and night vision   Fully executed
                                               cameras to authenticate a variety of
                                               Procter &Gamble products.

Apple, Inc.           Multiple Locations       Digital microscopes, lightning cable       Planning
                                               detectors, and iPhone power cords to
                                               authenticate a variety of Apple
                                               products.




Page 11                                                      GAO-19-263R CBP Public-Private Partnerships
Enclosure


                                                                                                           Donation status
                                Affected port of entry                                                     as of December
Partner                         (POE) and port type            Scope of donation                           2018
Cisco Systems, Inc.             Multiple Locations             Barcode scanners in conjunction with        Execution;
                                                               secured access to Cisco’s package           Limited roll-out
                                                               lookup tool to authenticate a variety       executed. CBP
                                                               of Cisco products.                          and Cisco
                                                                                                           reviewing larger
                                                                                                           roll- out
                                                                                                           strategy.
Red Cross                       San Diego FO                   100 cots in support of detainee             Fully executed
                                                               operations.
Samsonite                       El Paso FO                     Luggage for canine training purposes.       Fully executed

Southwest Airlines              Multiple Air POEs              Luggage for canine training purposes.       Fully executed

British Airways                 Multiple Air POEs              Provision of facial biometrics data and     Fully executed
                                                               services.
Source: U.S. Customs and Border Protection. | GAO-19-263R




Table 5: Status of Partner Donations Under U.S. Customs and Border Protection’s (CBP) Donations
Acceptance Program, Fiscal Years 2015 through 2017

                                                                                                                     Donation
 Fiscal                                        Affected port of                                                      status as of
 year                                          entry (POE) and                                                       December
 selected Partner                              port type           Scope of donation                                 2018
 2015     City of Donna,                       Donna Rio-Bravo     Construction of 1 outbound primary                Pre-execution
          Texas                                (Land)              inspection lane and booth for empty
                                                                   commercial vehicles, 1 outbound secondary
                                                                   inspection facility, and 1 outbound exit
                                                                   control booth, including related infrastructure
                                                                   and technologies.
 2015           City of El Paso,               Ysleta (Land)       Traffic island removal.                           Fully executed
                Texas
 2015           City of Pharr,                 Pharr (Land)        Construction of 2 inbound inspection lanes   Pre-execution
                Texas                                              and booths for commercial vehicles.
                                                                   Expansion of pre-primary approach lane
                                                                   between bridge and primary inspection.
                                                                   Installation of 2 new eastbound exit booths.
                                                                   Construction of 4 new exit lanes and booths.
                                                                   Construction of new bypass road.

 2016           City of Donna,                 Donna Rio-Bravo     Construction of new inbound empty            Design
                Texas                          (Land)              commercial vehicle inspection lane and
                                                                   booth. Construction of empty-only inspection
                                                                   facility with supporting infrastructure and
                                                                   technologies.

 2016           City of Pharr,                 Pharr (Land)        Expansion of current cargo dock spaces (60 Design
                Texas                                              to 80 spaces). Construction of additional cold
                                                                   inspection docks and facilities. Construction
                                                                   of an agricultural lab and training center.

 2016           Nogales Santa Cruz             Nogales Mariposa Upgrade of up to 6 air conditioned dock              Planning
                Port Authority                 (Land)           spaces to refrigerated dock spaces.




Page 12                                                                      GAO-19-263R CBP Public-Private Partnerships
Enclosure


                                                                                                                Donation
 Fiscal                                        Affected port of                                                 status as of
 year                                          entry (POE) and                                                  December
 selected Partner                              port type          Scope of donation                             2018
 2016     Red Hook Terminals                   Port of Freeport   Donation of a high-capacity perforating       Fully executed
                                               (Sea)              machine.

 2017           Anzalduas Bridge               McAllen            Construction of lanes and booths for inbound Planning
                Board                          Anzalduas          empty commercial vehicles. Construction of
                                               (Land)             inbound empty commercial vehicle
                                                                  inspection facilities and related infrastructure
                                                                  and technologies.
 2017           City of Donna,                 Donna Rio-Bravo    Construction of inbound and outbound          Design
                Texas                          (Land)             inspection facilities and operational
                                                                  components for laden commercial vehicles,
                                                                  including technologies, cargo docks, and exit
                                                                  booths.
 2017           Cameron County,                Brownsville        Construction of 2 to 4 inbound lanes and      Design
                Texas                          Veterans           primary booths for personally owned
                                               International      vehicles, including related technologies.
                                               Bridge (Land)      Construction of expanded secondary
                                                                  inspection area and building.

 2017           City of Laredo,                Laredo World       Construction of 4 commercial vehicle lanes   Planning
                Texas                          Trade Bridge       and booths as dedicated Trusted-Traveler
                                               (Land)             lanes. Construction of roadways and
                                                                  infrastructure, exit booths and related
                                                                  technologies.
 2017           City of Douglas,               Douglas (Land)     Donation of a parking lot and adjacent empty Fully executed
                Arizona                                           lot.
 2017           SITA Information    Multiple Air POEs             Collection and provision of traveler facial   Fully executed
                Networking                                        biometrics data for CBP traveler processing
                Computing USA, Inc.                               purposes.
                and JetBlue Airways
                Corporation

 2017           Delta Airlines                 Port of            Luggage to be donated in support of canine Fully executed;
                                               Washington, D.C.   training activities. To provide approximately 2 recurring
                                               Dulles (Air)       to 5 pieces of luggage every 2 to 3 weeks.      donations
                                                                                                                  ongoing

 2017           The Salvation Army             San Luis (Land)    Luggage to be donated in support of canine Fully executed;
                                                                  training activities. To provide approximately 6 recurring
                                                                  to 9 pieces of luggage, twice per year.         donations
                                                                                                                  ongoing

 2017           The Fixery                     John F. Kennedy    Luggage to be used in support of canine       Fully executed;
                                               International      training activities. To provide approximately recurring
                                               Airport (Air)      15 pieces of luggage, per month, for 5 years. donations
                                                                                                                ongoing
Source: U.S. Customs and Border Protection. | GAO-19-263R




(103073)




Page 13                                                                    GAO-19-263R CBP Public-Private Partnerships
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