oversight

Relocation Travel: Numbers and Costs Reported by Federal Organizations for Fiscal Years 1991 Through 1995

Published by the Government Accountability Office on 1997-06-30.

Below is a raw (and likely hideous) rendition of the original report. (PDF)

                 United States General Accounting Office

GAO              Report to Congressional Requesters




June 1997
                 RELOCATION TRAVEL
                 Numbers and Costs
                 Reported by Federal
                 Organizations for
                 Fiscal Years 1991
                 Through 1995




GAO/GGD-97-119
      United States
GAO   General Accounting Office
      Washington, D.C. 20548

      General Government Division

      B-274212

      June 30, 1997

      The Honorable Ted Stevens
      Chairman, Committee on Appropriations
      United States Senate

      The Honorable Fred Thompson
      Chairman, Committee on Governmental Affairs
      United States Senate

      This report responds to your request for governmentwide information on
      the number of civilian employees relocated during fiscal years 1991
      through 1995 and the associated costs of these relocations. Specifically,
      you asked us to provide information on (1) the total number of civilian
      employees who were relocated at the federal government’s expense,
      (2) the total cost of these relocations to the government, and (3) the
      agencies that had rotational policies requiring their civilian employees to
      relocate. As agreed, we are also providing information on trends for the
      number and cost of civilian employee relocations during this period.

      The General Services Administration (GSA) periodically has surveyed
      federal agencies to, among other things, obtain and analyze the estimated
      total payments for employee relocation travel. However, GSA’s most recent
      survey of federal agencies’ relocation travel was done in 1991 and the
      results have not been analyzed. To provide the requested information, for
      fiscal years 1991 through 1995, we surveyed executive branch
      departments; their subordinate agencies, bureaus, and administrations;
      and the largest independent agencies (hereafter referred to as federal
      organizations).1 In total we surveyed 120 federal organizations. These
      organizations employed about 1.9 million civilian employees, representing
      96 percent of the federal civilian workforce as of September 1995. We
      received responses from 119 of the 120 organizations.2




      1
       We excluded the U.S. Postal Service and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation from our survey
      because they receive minimal or no appropriations to fund their operations.
      2
       The Department of Commerce’s Economic Development Administration did not respond to our
      survey.



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    Most of the 119 federal organizations that reported information on the
    numbers of relocations did so using one of two different categories:

•   relocations authorized, that is, the number of civilian employees who were
    reported as approved to relocate; and
•   relocations made, that is, the number of civilian employees who were
    reported as actually relocated.

    Similarly, most of the 119 federal organizations that reported on the costs
    of relocations did so using one of two different categories:

•   relocation obligations, that is, the total funds obligated, for each fiscal
    year, at the time the relocation was approved and against which
    expenditures were to later be posted; and
•   relocation expenditures, that is, the actual disbursements during each
    fiscal year for the costs incurred to relocate civilian employees.

    These different reporting categories for numbers and costs of relocations
    are not directly comparable. Accordingly, we report separately the
    information from the federal organizations that responded using each
    category. One organization, the Department of the Navy, reported its
    relocation information using all four reporting categories (relocations
    authorized and made and relocation obligations and expenditures). When
    Navy’s components reported to Navy headquarters their number of civilian
    employees relocated, some components reported relocations authorized
    and others reported relocations made. Also, when reporting the cost of
    civilian employee relocations, some Navy components reported
    obligations and others reported expenditures. For this reason, we provide
    different segments of the Navy’s relocation information in whichever of
    the categories Navy’s components reported them for the number and costs
    to relocate civilian employees. As a result, in aggregating the data across
    all of the organizations in our survey, part of the Department of the Navy is
    included in each category. In total, we report relocations authorized for 97
    organizations and relocations made for 23 organizations. Similarly, we
    report relocation obligations for 97 organizations and relocation
    expenditures for 23 organizations.3

    The data provided in this report are based on the best information the
    federal organizations could provide and are not complete for each of the
    years for which we requested data. Several organizations did not provide
    information for all years during the 1991 through 1995 period. A few other
    3
     Because of the inclusion of the Navy in each category, the total number of organizations reporting
    numbers and costs of relocations in the detailed tables is 120.



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                       organizations did not provide information for all of their components for
                       all of the years during this period. In addition, some organizations did not
                       provide certain types of relocation costs in their reported obligations or
                       expenditures. As a result, the information in this report probably
                       understates the actual numbers and costs of civilian employee relocations.


                       For fiscal years 1991 through 1995:4
Results in Brief
                   •   Ninety-seven federal organizations reported authorizing about 132,800
                       relocations, and 23 other organizations reported making about 40,200
                       relocations.5 A small number of organizations accounted for the bulk of
                       the relocations authorized or made. While the total number of relocations
                       authorized and the total number of relocations made fluctuated yearly
                       across the organizations that provided data for all 5 fiscal years, there was
                       moderate change in these totals between fiscal years 1991 and 1995.
                       Across the organizations that provided data for all 5 fiscal years, the total
                       number of relocations authorized decreased by less than 1 percent (89
                       organizations) and the total number of relocations made increased by
                       about 12.5 percent (19 organizations) from fiscal year 1991 to fiscal year
                       1995.
                   •   Ninety-seven federal organizations reported obligating about $3.4 billion
                       for relocations, and 23 other organizations reported expending about
                       $363 million for relocations.6 Again, a small number of organizations
                       accounted for the bulk of the relocation obligations or expenditures.
                       Across the organizations that provided data for all 5 fiscal years, total
                       relocation obligations varied and total relocation expenditures increased
                       yearly. And, there was a noticeable change in these totals between fiscal
                       years 1991 and 1995. In constant 1995 dollars, total relocation obligations
                       increased about 16 percent (83 organizations) and total relocation
                       expenditures increased about 88 percent (22 organizations) from fiscal
                       year 1991 to fiscal year 1995. For the 22 organizations, this increase was
                       due to the Department of the Navy’s expenditures. Excluding the Navy’s
                       expenditures, the 21 remaining organizations’ total expenditures
                       decreased by less than 1 percent during the period.


                       4
                         In considering the data presented here, it should be noted that some relocations authorized may not
                       have occurred at all or during fiscal years 1991 through 1995. Moreover, some of the relocation
                       obligations may not have been expended at all or during the 5-year period covered, or actual
                       expenditures could have been different from the amounts obligated.
                       5
                        The Department of the Navy reported both relocations authorized and made.
                       6
                        The Department of the Navy reported both relocation obligations and expenditures.



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             •   Fifteen federal organizations reported that they had mandatory rotational
                 policies requiring some of their employees to rotate on a prescribed
                 schedule. Most of these organizations attributed their policies to federal
                 regulations that limit overseas tours of duty. Based on data provided by
                 these 15 organizations, we estimated that these rotational policies
                 accounted for about 19 percent of the total relocations reported as
                 authorized and about 7 percent of the total relocations reported as made
                 during this period.


                 Federal organizations relocate their civilian employees to help them
Background       accomplish their many varied and unique missions. Organizations carry
                 out their missions through a civilian workforce of nearly 2 million
                 employees assigned to offices in locations throughout the United States,
                 its territories and possessions, and various foreign countries. The
                 Secretary of State determines the length of an overseas tour for Foreign
                 Service Officers. The tour of duty overseas for Department of Defense
                 (DOD) employees is prescribed by DOD’s Joint Travel Regulations (2 JTR).
                 When civilian employees are authorized to relocate in the interests of the
                 government, they are to be authorized to relocate prior to the time they
                 actually move, and they generally have up to 2 years, and can request a
                 third year, from the date that they report to their new location to complete
                 the relocation and receive reimbursement for the associated costs.
                 Therefore, the actual relocation may not take place in the fiscal year that it
                 is authorized. Also, expenses associated with the relocation may be paid to
                 the employee over the 2- to 3-year period.

                 Two federal laws provide government organizations with the primary
                 authority to pay the travel and related expenses of relocating a civilian
                 employee: the Administrative Expenses Act of 1946, as amended, 5 U.S.C.
                 §§ 5701-5742, and the Foreign Service Act of 1980, 22 U.S.C. 4081.7 GSA’s
                 Federal Travel Regulation (FTR), 41 C.F.R., chapters 301 to 304,
                 implements the provisions of the Administrative Expenses Act. FTR,
                 chapter 302, governs the travel and relocation expenses of civilian
                 employees, except those in the Foreign Service. Based on authority
                 provided in the Foreign Service Act, travel and relocation expenses for
                 Foreign Service Officers are prescribed by the Secretary of State in the


                 7
                  In addition to the Department of State, Foreign Service Officers were also assigned to other federal
                 organizations, including the Agency for International Development; Department of Commerce;
                 Department of Agriculture; and the U.S. Information Agency. There are also other employees serving
                 overseas that have been granted statutory authority to receive benefits and allowances comparable to
                 those granted officers and employees of the Foreign Service, such as certain employees of the
                 Department of the Treasury and the Defense Intelligence Agency. 31 U.S.C. § 325; 37 U.S.C. § 431.



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Foreign Service Travel Regulations. These regulations are contained in
volume 6 of the Foreign Affairs Manual (6 FAM). Once any civilian
employee is located in a foreign area, his or her travel allowances and
differentials are set by the Secretary of State in the Standardized
Regulations (Government Civilians, Foreign Areas).

Both the Department of State’s and GSA’s travel regulations authorize
federal organizations to pay basically the same expenses for relocations
within the United States. These expenses include transportation of
individuals, per diem, subsistence, transportation and storage of
household and personal effects, and real estate expenses. The key
difference is that Foreign Service Officers are not entitled to relocation
income tax allowances. Overseas, the Standard Regulations apply to both
Foreign Service Officers and other civilian employees, and generally
provide them with the same allowances. These allowances include living
quarters allowance, temporary quarters subsistence allowance, and cost of
living allowance. One difference is that Foreign Service Officers are
entitled to separation travel, which is relocation to anyplace in the United
States that they choose upon retirement regardless of where they are
located when they retire. On the other hand, other civilian employees
returning from overseas are only entitled to reimbursement for travel and
relocation expenses to their home of record. Another difference is that
Foreign Service Officers may be authorized rest and recuperation travel
when assigned to a hardship post. In order to receive reimbursement for
relocation expenses/allowances to which they are entitled, both civilian
employees and Foreign Service Officers must sign a service agreement to
remain with the government for 12 months after the date that they report
to their new duty station, mission, or agency, unless they leave the
government for reasons beyond their control and that are acceptable to
the agency. An employee who violates the agreement must repay the
government the amount it spent to relocate him or her.

Neither FTR nor FAM specifically define the term relocation. For the
purposes of this report, we define relocation as (1) the transfer, in the
interest of the government, of an existing civilian employee or appointee
from one office, mission, or agency to another for permanent duty; (2) the
moving of a new eligible appointee from his or her actual residence in one
location to his or her first office or mission in another location; (3) the
return of an existing eligible civilian employee or appointee who is
separated from an overseas office or mission to his or her actual
residence; and (4) the return of an existing eligible career appointee on




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retirement from an office or mission to his or her elected residence within
the United States, its territories, or possessions.

Collecting exact cost information for relocation travel is difficult. Office of
Management and Budget (OMB) Circular No. A-11, Preparation and
Submission of Budget Estimates and Circular No. A-34 Instructions on
Budget Execution require that federal organizations record obligations
and expenditures by object class according to the nature of the services or
articles procured. There are no object classes dedicated solely to
recording relocation travel obligations and expenditures. Rather,
relocation obligations and expenditures are captured in at least four
different object classes, along with obligations and expenses that are not
related to relocation travel. These object classes include (1) 12.1 civilian
personnel benefits; (2) 21.0 travel and transportation of persons; (3) 22.0
transportation of things; and (4) 25.7 operation and maintenance of
equipment (related to storage of household goods). As a result, relocation
obligations and expenditures cannot be extracted from OMB budget/object
class data. Instead, relocation obligations and expenditures must be
obtained from each federal organization through queries of its automated
systems or examination of its travel records.

As the government’s travel manager, GSA’s Office of Governmentwide
Policy is responsible for establishing governmentwide civilian travel and
relocation policy, updating FTR, gathering travel and relocation costs, and
providing leadership to develop sound travel and relocation policy. GSA
was required by the Federal Civilian Employee and Contractor Travel
Expenses Act of 1985, 5 U.S.C. § 5707(c), to periodically, but at least every
2 years, submit to the Director of OMB an analysis of, among other things,
estimated total agency payments for employee relocation. GSA is to survey
a sampling of agencies, each of which spent more than $5 million on travel
and transportation payments in the prior fiscal year. This provision was to
expire with the administrator’s submission of the analysis that included
fiscal year 1991. The Treasury, Postal Service and General Government
Appropriations Act of 1995, Pub. L. No. 103-329 (Sept. 30, 1994), reinstated
this provision with no future expiration date. GSA collected the required
travel information for fiscal years 1989, 1990, and 1991. However, GSA only
analyzed the travel information for fiscal year 1989. GSA’s Office of
Governmentwide Policy recently distributed its survey to collect travel
information, including relocation travel, for fiscal year 1996.




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              To provide the requested civilian employee relocation information, we
Scope and     developed and distributed a questionnaire to 120 federal organizations. We
Methodology   asked the organizations to report their total number of and cost for civilian
              employee relocations. We also asked whether they had a rotational policy
              that resulted in civilian employee relocations. We received responses from
              119 (or 99 percent) of the 120 organizations surveyed. The Department of
              Commerce’s Economic Development Administration, which had a civilian
              workforce of less than 400 employees, did not provide a response. The
              names of the organizations that we surveyed are listed in appendix I.

              To develop the questionnaire and ensure its completeness, we researched
              FTR and OMB Circular No. A-11 to identify the allowances for relocation
              expenses and the object classes that federal organizations use to record
              relocation obligations, respectively. We drafted the questionnaire with the
              assistance of our staff knowledgeable in federal travel and relocation
              practices. We pretested the questionnaire with the following six
              organizations: the Bureau of the Census, Defense Educational Activity,
              Department of State, Drug Enforcement Administration, U.S. Marine
              Corps, and Office of Personnel Management. Using the pretest results, we
              revised the questionnaire to help ensure that our questions were
              interpreted correctly and that the requested relocation information was
              available.

              We did not independently verify the accuracy of the civilian employee
              relocation information that the federal organizations provided or assess
              the appropriateness of their relocations or the associated cost because of
              time constraints and the number of organizations surveyed. However, we
              reviewed each questionnaire for clarity and completeness and followed up
              with the organization’s contact person in those instances in which the
              responses were unclear or incomplete.

              To provide information on rotational policies that resulted in civilian
              employee relocations, we obtained copies of these policies from the
              pertinent federal organizations. We reviewed the policies to understand
              their purposes, their rotational requirements, and which employees were
              affected. Additionally, we interviewed cognizant officials to discuss the
              policies in greater detail, clarify specific issues, and determine current use
              of the policies. Appendix II contains a more detailed description of our
              objectives, scope, and methodology.

              We did our work in Washington, D.C., from June 1996 to June 1997 in
              accordance with generally accepted government auditing standards.



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                        Because it was impractical for us to obtain comments from all 119 federal
                        organizations, we requested comments on a draft of this report from the
                        Director of OMB and the Administrator of GSA. Their comments are
                        discussed at the end of this letter.


                        Most of the federal organizations that responded to our survey reported
Federal Organizations   authorizing over 130,000 relocations and the other organizations reported
Reported Relocating     making over 40,000 relocations during fiscal years 1991 through 1995. A
Thousands of Civilian   small percentage of the organizations reported the majority of the
                        relocations. Over half of the relocations authorized or made were reported
Employees               by 7 percent and 9 percent of the organizations, respectively. In addition,
                        while the total number of relocations authorized and the total number of
                        relocations made fluctuated yearly across the organizations that reported
                        data for all 5 fiscal years, there was moderate overall change between
                        fiscal years 1991 and 1995.


Reported Civilian       Ninety-seven federal organizations that responded to our survey reported
Employee Relocations    that they authorized 132,837 civilian employees to relocate at the
Authorized              government’s expense from fiscal year 1991 through fiscal year 1995.8
                        However, the total number of relocations authorized is probably
                        understated because 7 of the 97 organizations did not, for various reasons,
                        provide this relocation information for all 5 fiscal years. Also, one
                        organization did not report relocations authorized by one of its
                        components for fiscal year 1991. As shown in figure 1, seven organizations
                        accounted for 52 percent (69,072) of the reported relocations authorized.
                        Among the seven organizations, the number of relocations authorized
                        ranged from 17,881 by the Department of State to 5,509 by the Forest
                        Service. (Appendix III shows the number of relocations authorized for
                        each fiscal year reported by the federal organizations.)




                        8
                         Twenty-three other organizations reported relocations made during this period.



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Figure 1: Seven Federal Organizations
Accounted for Over 50 Percent of
                                                                                                      Rest of organizations
Relocations Reported as Authorized,
Fiscal Years 1991 Through 1995
                                                                                                      4.1% Forest Service


                                                                                                      4.3% Federal Bureau of
                                                                                                      Investigation

                                                                                                      Federal Aviation
                                                         48.0%                                        Administration
                                                                               6.3%

                                                                                    6.7%              Federal Bureau
                                                                                                      of Prisons

                                                                                 7.8%                 Defense Education
                                                                                                      Activity
                                                                             9.3%
                                                               13.5%
                                                                                                      Department of the Navy




                                                                                                      Department of State



                                                 Seven organizations accounting for 52 percent of relocations authorized

                                        Source: GAO calculations based on survey data provided by the federal organizations.




                                        Because not all of the 97 federal organizations that reported relocations
                                        authorized provided relocation information for all of their components for
                                        all 5 fiscal years, we were precluded from determining the total change in
                                        relocations authorized. However, 89 organizations did provide relocation
                                        information for all 5 fiscal years. Across these organizations, total
                                        relocations authorized fluctuated yearly. In fiscal year 1991, total
                                        relocations authorized were about 25,600; they continually declined to a
                                        low of about 20,080 in fiscal year 1993. Thereafter, total relocations
                                        authorized began to increase, and in fiscal year 1995 reached about 25,370.
                                        Overall, total relocations authorized decreased less than 1 percent from
                                        fiscal year 1991 to fiscal year 1995.




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Reported Civilian                    The 23 other federal organizations that responded to our survey reported
Employee Relocations                 that they made 40,252 civilian employee relocations from fiscal year 1991
Made                                 through fiscal year 1995.9 The total number of relocations reportedly made
                                     was probably understated because 4 of the 23 organizations—including
                                     the Departments of the Army, Energy, and the National Oceanic and
                                     Atmospheric Administration, which were among those that made the most
                                     relocations—did not provide complete relocation information for all 5
                                     fiscal years. As shown in table 1, the Departments of the Army and the
                                     Navy accounted for 21,947 (about 55 percent) of the reported civilian
                                     employee relocations made. (Appendix IV shows the number of
                                     relocations made for each fiscal year reported by the federal
                                     organizations.)

Table 1: Two Federal Organizations
Accounted for Over 50 Percent of                                                                                       Percentage of
Reported Relocations Made,           Number of federal          Federal                             Reported        total relocations
Fiscal Years 1991 Through 1995       organizations              organizations               relocations made                    made
                                     1                          Dept. of the Army                       16,009                    39.77%
                                     2                          Dept. of the Navy                         5,938                   14.75
                                                                Subtotal                                21,947                    54.52
                                     3-23                       Other federal                           18,305                    45.58
                                                                organizations
                                                                Total                                   40,252                     100%
                                     Source: GAO survey.



                                     Nineteen federal organizations reported relocations made for all 5 fiscal
                                     years. Across these organizations, total relocations made varied yearly.
                                     Relocations made increased from 3,468 in fiscal year 1991 to 3,759 in fiscal
                                     year 1992. In fiscal year 1993, relocations made decreased to a low of
                                     3,426. But, total relocations made increased to 3,622 in fiscal year 1994 and
                                     rose to 3,902 in fiscal year 1995. Overall, total relocations made increased
                                     about 12.5 percent from fiscal year 1991 to fiscal year 1995.

                                     Although relocations reportedly made increased over the 5-year period,
                                     this increase was not distributed evenly among the 19 federal
                                     organizations. Two organizations—Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) and
                                     Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)—reported the greatest changes in
                                     relocations made. DLA’s reported relocations made rose about 221 percent,
                                     from 301 civilian relocations made in fiscal year 1991 to 965 in fiscal year
                                     1995. According to a DLA official, the number of civilian relocations made

                                     9
                                      The Department of the Navy reported both relocations authorized and made based on how its
                                     components reported their number of civilian employees relocated to Navy headquarters.



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                        increased substantially during this period due to base realignments and
                        closures and Defense Management Review decisions. These decisions
                        resulted in DLA acquiring control of all DOD supply depots and supporting
                        civilian employees. DLA consolidated these depots, reducing the number
                        from 31 to 23 and relocated employees from closing depots to gaining
                        depots. DLA also consolidated its 9 contract management districts into 2
                        districts, which led to additional civilian relocations. TVA’s reported
                        relocations made decreased by 52 percent, from 1,026 in fiscal year 1991 to
                        490 in fiscal year 1995. TVA did not provide an explanation for this
                        decrease. The changes in the number of relocations made reported by DLA
                        and TVA generally offset each other. Collectively, the 17 remaining
                        organizations displayed about a 14-percent overall increase in relocations
                        made during this period.


                        Most of the federal organizations that responded to our survey reported
Federal Organizations   obligating over $3 billion for relocations and the other organizations
Reported Billions in    reported expending over $350 million for relocations during fiscal years
Costs to Relocate       1991 through 1995. Again, a small percentage of the organizations reported
                        the majority of the costs. Over half of the total relocation obligations were
Civilian Employees      reported by 8 percent of the organizations, and 70 percent of the total
                        relocation expenditures were reported by 13 percent of the organizations.
                        Across the organizations that provided data for all 5 fiscal years, total
                        relocation obligations and total relocation expenditures varied yearly.
                        When adjusted for inflation, there was a noticeable increase in the total
                        reported relocation obligations and a larger increase in total relocation
                        expenditures. However, the majority of the increase in total relocation
                        expenditures was due to one organization.


Funds Reported as       Ninety-seven federal organizations reported that they obligated about
Obligated to Relocate   $3.4 billion for employee relocation expenses for fiscal years 1991 through
Civilian Employees      1995.10 Fourteen of the 97 organizations did not provide information for all
                        5 fiscal years, which probably resulted in an understatement of the funds
                        reported obligated. Also, nine organizations did not provide obligations for
                        certain relocation expense categories, and one organization did not
                        provide fiscal year 1994 relocation obligations for its regional offices. As
                        shown in figure 2, eight organizations accounted for over 53 percent
                        (about $1.8 billion) of the total reported obligations for employee
                        relocation expenses. (Each federal organization’s reported relocation
                        obligations are located in appendix V.)

                        10
                          Twenty-three other organizations reported relocation expenditures during this period.



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Figure 2: Eight Federal Organizations
Accounted for Over 50 Percent of
Reported Relocation Obligations,                                                                           Rest of organizations
Fiscal Years 1991 Through 1995
                                                                                                           3.5% Forest Service


                                                                                                           4.0% Department of
                                                                                                           Veterans Affairs

                                                                                                           Federal Bureau of
                                                                                                           Investigation
                                                          46.5%
                                                                                 4.9%                      Department of the Navy
                                                                                    5.3%
                                                                                    5.5%                   Federal Bureau
                                                                                                           of Prisons

                                                                                   8.9%
                                                                                                           Federal Aviation
                                                                                                           Administration
                                                                           10.0%
                                                              11.4%



                                                                                                           Department of the Army


                                                                                                           Department of State



                                                   Eight organizations accounting for 53.5 percent of relocation obligations


                                        Source: GAO calculations based on survey data provided by the federal organizations.




                                        From fiscal year 1991 through fiscal year 1995, the total reported
                                        relocation obligations fluctuated yearly across the 83 federal organizations
                                        that provided relocation obligations for all 5 fiscal years. In constant 1995
                                        dollars, total relocation obligations continually decreased from
                                        $652.1 billion in fiscal year 1991 to $546.9 billion in fiscal year 1993. But,
                                        total relocation obligations increased in fiscal year 1994 and rose to
                                        $759.6 billion in fiscal year 1995. Overall, total relocation obligations
       5.3%
                                        increased about 16 percent from fiscal year 1991 to fiscal year 1995. This
                                        increase was not greatly influenced by one organization or a small group
                                        of organizations.




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Funds Reported as                      The 23 other federal organizations reported that for fiscal years 1991
Expended to Relocate                   through 1995 they expended over $362.8 million to relocate their civilian
Civilian Employees                     employees.11 Reported relocation expenditures were probably understated
                                       because one organization did not report fiscal year 1992 relocation
                                       expenditures for one of its components. In addition, 2 of the 23
                                       organizations did not provide expenditures for all expense categories. As
                                       shown in table 2, the Departments of Energy and the Navy and the U.S.
                                       Information Agency accounted for over $254 million (70 percent) of the
                                       total reported expenditures to relocate civilian employees during this
                                       period. (Appendix VI shows the reported relocation expenditures for each
                                       fiscal year by federal organization.)

Table 2: Three Federal Organizations
Accounted for 70 Percent of Reported                                                                 Reported              Percentage
Relocation Expenditures,               Number of federal           Federal                     expenditures for             of the total
Fiscal Years 1991 Through 1995         organizations               organizations                   relocations            expenditures
                                       1                           Dept. of the Navy               $141,106,720                      38.9%
                                       2                           Dept. of Energy                    65,481,906                     18.0
                                       3                           U.S. Information                   47,416,397                     13.1
                                                                   Agency
                                                                   Subtotal                        $254,005,023                      70.0%
                                       3-23                        Other federal                     108,818,666                     30.0
                                                                   organizations
                                                                   Total                           $362,823,689                      100%
                                       Source: GAO Survey.



                                       Annually, total reported relocation expenditures increased across the 22
                                       federal organizations that provided relocation expenditures for all 5 fiscal
                                       years and included each of their components. In constant 1995 dollars,
                                       total relocation expenditures increased from $45.7 million in fiscal year
                                       1991 to $46 million in fiscal year 1992. In fiscal year 1993, total relocation
                                       expenditures increased to $50.3 million; in fiscal year 1994, increased to
                                       $81 million; and in fiscal year 1995, rose to $86 million. Overall, total
                                       relocation expenditures increased about 88 percent from fiscal year 1991
                                       to fiscal year 1995. The Navy accounted for this increase because its
                                       reported relocation expenditures more than quadrupled during this period.
                                       Navy’s relocation expenditures reportedly rose about 367 percent, from
                                       $11 million in fiscal year 1991 to $51.4 million in fiscal year 1995, in
                                       constant 1995 dollars. According to a Navy official, expenditures for
                                       civilian relocations increased substantially during this period due to the

                                       11
                                        The Department of the Navy reported both relocation obligations and expenditures based on how its
                                       components reported their cost of civilian employee relocations to Navy headquarters.



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                      increase in the number of relocations caused by base realignment and
                      closure decisions. During this period Navy closed or began closing and
                      realigning 114 bases. Excluding the Navy from the total expenditures, the
                      21 remaining organizations’ total reported relocation expenditures
                      decreased by less than 1 percent, from $34.7 million in fiscal year 1991 to
                      $34.6 million in fiscal year 1995.


                      Fifteen federal organizations reported that they had rotational policies that
Number of Federal     required some of their civilian employees to relocate on a prescribed
Organizations         schedule. Nine of the 15 organizations reported that they had these
Reporting Mandatory   policies because they assign their civilian employees to overseas locations
                      and must comply with federal regulations or a treaty that limits such
Rotational Policies   employees’ tours of duty. The six remaining organizations reported that
                      they had these policies either to (1) maintain the safety and security of
                      their civilian employees who may be assigned to dangerous/hazardous
                      locations, (2) maintain their civilian employees’ objectivity when
                      inspecting or auditing specific locations, or (3) enhance the job-related
                      knowledge and experiences of their civilian employees, regardless of
                      where they are assigned.

                      In addition, the 15 federal organizations estimated the annual percentage
                      of their civilian employee relocations that were due to their rotational
                      policies. Among these organizations, their estimated annual percentages
                      ranged from 100 to less than 1. Using the organizations’ estimated
                      percentages, we calculated the estimated impact these policies had on the
                      number of civilian employee relocations authorized and made by the 15
                      organizations. Specifically, we multiplied each organization’s percentage
                      by either its reported number of relocations authorized or made. As shown
                      in table 3, 11 organizations’ (including some Navy components’) rotational
                      policies led to an estimated 24,671 civilian employees being authorized to
                      relocate during fiscal years 1991 through 1995. These relocations
                      authorized—triggered by rotational policies—accounted for about
                      18.6 percent of the total reported relocations authorized.




                      Page 14                             GAO/GGD-97-119 Government Relocation Travel
                                          B-274212




Table 3: Estimated Number of Relocations Authorized Due to 11 Federal Organizations’ Rotational Policies,
Fiscal Years 1991 Through 1995
                                                                                           Rotational policy relocations
                                                                                                                          Percentage of
                                                                             Reported total             Estimated         organization’s
                                  Federal organizations with                   relocations             relocations           relocations
Number of federal organizations   rotational policies                           authorized              authorized            authorized
1                                 Department of Justice—Drug                           2,972                  2,972              100.00%
                                  Enforcement Administration
2                                 Department of State                                 17,881                 17,845               99.80
3                                 Agency for International                             2,560                  2,458               96.02
                                  Development
4                                 Nuclear Regulatory Commission                          737                    553               75.03
5                                 Department of Justice—Federal                        5,766                    635               11.01
                                  Bureau of Investigation
6                                 Department of Defense—Defense                          346                     38               10.98
                                  Intelligence Agency
7                                 Department of Defense—Defense                          675                     69               10.22
                                  Contract Audit Agency
8                                 Panama Canal Commission                                557                     40                7.18
9                                 Department of Defense—Defense                          616                     38                6.17
                                  Mapping Agency
10                                Department of Defense—Navy                          12,382                     22                0.18
11                                Department of Agriculture—Animal                       871                       1               0.11
                                  and Plant Health Inspection
                                  Service
12-97                             Other federal organizations                         87,474                       0               0.00
                                  Total                                              132,837                 24,671               18.57%
                                          Source: GAO calculations based on survey data provided by the federal organizations.



                                          As shown in table 4, five federal organizations’ (including some Navy
                                          components’) rotational policies resulted in an estimated 2,792 civilian
                                          employees being relocated during the same 5-year period. These
                                          relocations made—triggered by rotational policies—accounted for about
                                          6.9 percent of the total relocations made that were reported by the
                                          organizations we surveyed.




                                          Page 15                                       GAO/GGD-97-119 Government Relocation Travel
                                          B-274212




Table 4: Estimated Number of Relocations Made Due to Five Federal Organizations’ Rotational Policies,
Fiscal Years 1991 Through 1995
                                                                                           Rotational policy relocations
                                                                                                                           Percentage of
                                  Federal organizations with                 Reported total             Estimated         organization’s
Number of federal organizations   rotational policies                     relocations made      relocations made       relocations made
1                                 U.S. Information Agency                               2,715                 2,593                  95.51%
2                                 Department of                                           445                    152                 34.16
                                  Commerce—International Trade
                                  Administration
3                                 Department of Defense—Defense                         3,450                     31                   0.90
                                  Logistics Agency
4                                 Department of Defense—Navy                            5,938                     11                   0.19
                                                                  a
5                                 Department of Defense—Army                          10,836                       5                   0.05
6-23                              Other federal organizations                         16,868                       0                   0.00
                                  Total                                               40,252                  2,792                    6.94%
                                          a
                                           We did not include Army’s reported relocations for fiscal years 1991 and 1992 because Army did
                                          not report an estimated percentage of relocations made due to its rotational policy for these
                                          years.

                                          Source: GAO calculations based on survey data provided by the federal organizations.




                                          On June 5, 1997, we requested comments on a draft of this report from the
Agency Comments                           Director of OMB and the Administrator of GSA. On June 11, 1997, GSA
                                          officials, including the Acting Director, Travel & Transportation
                                          Management Policy Division, provided oral comments. In general, GSA
                                          officials characterized the report as a useful resource that will assist them
                                          in fulfilling GSA’s legislative requirement to biannually survey agencies and
                                          report on, among other things, the estimated cost of civilian employee
                                          relocations. GSA officials also provided updated information on the status
                                          of GSA’s biannual survey and technical comments. On June 11, 1997, OMB
                                          staff within the Justice and GSA Branch provided their views on the draft
                                          report, which were technical in nature and involved clarification issues.
                                          GSA’s and OMB’s technical comments were incorporated in the report where
                                          appropriate.


                                          Copies of this report will be sent to the Ranking Minority Members of your
                                          Committees; the Administrator of the General Services Administration; the
                                          Director of the Office of Management and Budget; all federal organizations




                                          Page 16                                       GAO/GGD-97-119 Government Relocation Travel
B-274212




included in this report; and other interested parties. Copies will also be
made available to others upon request.

If you have any questions concerning this report, please call me on
(202) 512-4232 or Gerald P. Barnes, Assistant Director, on (202) 512-4228.
Major contributors are listed in appendix VII.




Bernard L. Ungar
Director, Government Business
  Operations Issues




Page 17                              GAO/GGD-97-119 Government Relocation Travel
Contents



Letter                                                                     1


Appendix I                                                                20

Federal Organizations
Surveyed
Appendix II                                                               24

Objectives, Scope,
and Methodology
Appendix III                                                              27

Reported Number of
Relocations
Authorized by 97
Federal Organizations
Appendix IV                                                               31

Reported Number of
Relocations Made by
23 Federal
Organizations
Appendix V                                                                33

Reported Relocation
Obligations by 97
Federal Organizations
Appendix VI                                                               40

Reported Relocation
Expenditures by 23
Federal Organizations



                        Page 18   GAO/GGD-97-119 Government Relocation Travel
                        Contents




Appendix VII                                                                                      42

Major Contributors to
This Report
Tables                  Table 1: Two Federal Organizations Accounted for Over 50                  10
                          Percent of Reported Relocations Made,
                          Fiscal Years 1991 Through 1995
                        Table 2: Three Federal Organizations Accounted for 70 Percent of          13
                          Reported Relocation Expenditures,
                          Fiscal Years 1991 Through 1995
                        Table 3: Estimated Number of Relocations Authorized Due to 11             15
                          Federal Organizations’ Rotational Policies,
                          Fiscal Years 1991 Through 1995
                        Table 4: Estimated Number of Relocations Made Due to Five                 16
                          Federal Organizations’ Rotational Policies,
                          Fiscal Years 1991 Through 1995


Figures                 Figure 1: Seven Federal Organizations Accounted for Over 50                9
                          Percent of Relocations Reported as Authorized, Fiscal Years 1991
                          Through 1995
                        Figure 2: Eight Federal Organizations Accounted for Over 50               12
                          Percent of Reported Relocation Obligations, Fiscal Years 1991
                          Through 1995




                        Abbreviations

                        DLA        Defense Logistics Agency
                        DOD        Department of Defense
                        FAM        Foreign Affairs Manual
                        FTR        Federal Travel Regulation
                        GSA        General Services Administration
                        JTR        Joint Travel Regulations
                        OMB        Office of Management and Budget
                        TVA        Tennessee Valley Authority


                        Page 19                           GAO/GGD-97-119 Government Relocation Travel
Appendix I

Federal Organizations Surveyed


              We developed and distributed a questionnaire to provide the requested
              relocation information. The following lists the federal organizations that
              we surveyed:



              Department of Agriculture
                                          Agricultural Marketing Service
                                          Agricultural Research Service
                                          Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
                                          Cooperative, State, Research, Education & Extension
                                          Service
                                          Farm Service Agency
                                          Food Safety and Inspection Service
                                          Food and Consumer Service
                                          Forest Service
                                          Grain Inspection, Packers, and Stockyards Administration
                                          National Agricultural Statistics Service
                                          Natural Resources Conservation Service
                                          Office of the Chief Financial Officer
                                          Office of Communications
                                          Office of the Inspector General
                                          Office of the Secretary
                                          Risk Management Agency
                                          Rural Development
                                          Departmental Administration
              Department of Commerce
                                          Bureau of Economic Analysis
                                          Bureau of Export Administration
                                          Bureau of the Census
                                          Economic Development Administration
                                          International Trade Administration
                                          Minority Business Development Agency
                                          National Institute of Standards and Technology
                                          National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
                                          National Technical Information Service
                                          National Telecommunications and Information
                                          Administration
                                          Office of Inspector General
                                          Office of the Secretary
                                                                                        (continued)



              Page 20                                 GAO/GGD-97-119 Government Relocation Travel
Appendix I
Federal Organizations Surveyed




                                 Patent and Trademark Office
                                 U.S. Travel and Tourism Administration
Department of Defense
                                 Defense Education Activity
                                 Defense Information Systems Agency
                                 Defense Intelligence Agency
                                 Defense Investigative Service
                                 Defense Logistics Agency
                                 Defense Mapping Agency
                                 Defense Special Weapons Agency
                                 Department of the Air Force
                                 Department of the Army
                                 Department of the Navy
                                 U.S. Marine Corps
                                 Defense Contract Audit Agency
Department of Health and Human Services
                                 Administration for Children and Families
                                 Administration on Aging
                                 Agency for Health Care Policy & Research
                                 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
                                 Food & Drug Administration
                                 Health Care Financing Administration
                                 Health Resources & Services Administration
                                 National Institutes of Health
                                 Office for Civil Rights
                                 Office of General Counsel
                                 Office of Inspector General
                                 Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration
Department of the Interior
                                 Bureau of Indian Affairs
                                 Bureau of Land Management
                                 Bureau of Reclamation
                                 Minerals Management Service
                                 National Park Service
                                 Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement
                                 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
                                 U.S. Geological Survey
                                 Office of the Secretary
                                                                              (continued)



Page 21                                      GAO/GGD-97-119 Government Relocation Travel
Appendix I
Federal Organizations Surveyed




Department of Justice
                                 Drug Enforcement Administration
                                 Federal Bureau of Investigation
                                 Federal Bureau of Prisons
                                 Immigration and Naturalization Service
                                 Office of Justice Programs
                                 U.S. Attorneys Office
                                 U.S. Marshals Service
                                 Offices, boards, and divisions
Department of Transportation
                                 Federal Aviation Administration
                                 Federal Highway Administration
                                 Federal Railroad Administration
                                 Federal Transit Administration
                                 Maritime Administration
                                 National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
                                 Office of Inspector General
                                 Research and Special Programs Administration
                                 U.S. Coast Guard
                                 Office of the Secretary
Department of the Treasury
                                 Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms
                                 Bureau of Engraving and Printing
                                 Bureau of the Public Debt
                                 Federal Law Enforcement Training Center
                                 Financial Crimes Enforcement Network
                                 Financial Management Service
                                 Internal Revenue Service
                                 Office of Thrift Supervision
                                 Office of the Comptroller of the Currency
                                 U.S. Customs Service
                                 U.S. Mint
                                 U.S. Secret Service
                                 Departmental Offices and Office of the Inspector General
Other federal organizations
                                 Department of Education
                                 Department of Energy
                                 Department of Housing and Urban Development
                                 Department of Labor
                                                                                  (continued)


Page 22                                      GAO/GGD-97-119 Government Relocation Travel
Appendix I
Federal Organizations Surveyed




                                 Department of State
                                 Department of Veterans Affairs
                                 Agency for International Development
                                 Environmental Protection Agency
                                 Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
                                 Federal Communications Commission
                                 Federal Emergency Management Agency
                                 General Services Administration
                                 National Aeronautics and Space Administration
                                 National Archives and Records Administration
                                 National Labor Relations Board
                                 Nuclear Regulatory Commission
                                 Office of Personnel Management
                                 Panama Canal Commission
                                 Securities and Exchange Commission
                                 Small Business Administration
                                 Smithsonian Institution
                                 Social Security Administration
                                 Tennessee Valley Authority
                                 U.S. Information Agency




Page 23                                     GAO/GGD-97-119 Government Relocation Travel
Appendix II

Objectives, Scope, and Methodology


              As agreed, our objectives were to provide information for the executive
              branch departments and largest independent agencies on (1) the total
              number of civilian employees who were relocated at the federal
              government’s expense, (2) the total cost of these relocations to the
              government, and (3) the agencies that had rotational policies requiring
              their civilian employees to relocate.

              To provide the requested relocation information, we developed and
              distributed a questionnaire to the 14 executive branch departments and
              the 18 largest independent agencies.1 Relocation travel at most of the 14
              executive branch departments is decentralized, and subordinate
              agencies/bureaus/administrations controlled their own relocations. Thus,
              we requested that a separate questionnaire be completed by each federal
              organization that had control over its relocations. As a result, the
              questionnaire was distributed to a total of 120 federal organizations.2
              These federal organizations employed about 1.9 million civilian
              employees, representing 96 percent of the federal civilian workforce as of
              September 1995. We received responses from 119 of the 120 federal
              organizations. The Department of Commerce’s Economic Development
              Administration, which had a workforce of less than 400 employees, did not
              provide a response. Appendix I lists the federal organizations we surveyed.

              To develop the questionnaire and ensure its completeness, we researched
              FTR and OMB Circular No. A-11, Preparation and Submission of Budget
              Estimates, to identify the allowances for relocation expenses and the
              object classes that federal organizations are to use in reporting relocation
              obligations. We drafted the questionnaire with the assistance of our staff
              knowledgeable of federal travel and relocation practices. We pretested the
              questionnaire with six federal organizations: the Bureau of the Census,
              Defense Educational Activity, Department of State, Drug Enforcement
              Administration, U.S. Marine Corps, and the Office of Personnel
              Management. Using the pretest results, we revised the questionnaire to
              help ensure that our questions were interpreted correctly and that the
              requested relocation information was available.

              Federal organizations are not required to track or keep relocation
              information in any specific way. During pretesting, we found that


              1
               We excluded the U.S. Postal Service and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation from our survey
              because they receive minimal or no appropriations to fund their operations.
              2
               The executive branch civilian workforce decreased during the period covered by this review. The
              civilian workforce decreased from about 2.2 million employees in fiscal year 1991 to about 2 million
              employees in fiscal year 1995.



              Page 24                                          GAO/GGD-97-119 Government Relocation Travel
Appendix II
Objectives, Scope, and Methodology




organizations maintained relocation travel information at different
organizational levels and used different categories to track the
information. Organizations had to go through varying levels of effort to
provide the information that we requested. Some organizations had
centralized automated systems that required them to write special
programs to extract the information. Some of the organizations with
automated systems had to retrieve the earlier years of information from
archives and then run special programs to extract the information we
requested. Other organizations did not have centralized systems or
reporting requirements for this type of information and had to query a
number of local offices, which in turn had to go through automated or
paper records to obtain the information. We also know of at least one
organization that had to go through paper records and manually tabulate
the number and cost of its relocations. The organizations generally took
from 1 to 3 months to complete the questionnaire.

Since federal organizations maintained relocation information at different
levels and used different categories for tracking purposes, our
questionnaire was carefully designed to collect the best and most
complete information possible from each federal organization on its
number and cost of relocations. The questionnaire allowed organizations
to report their relocation information based on the categories they used.
As a result, for the number of relocations, 97 organizations reported
relocations that they authorized and the other 23 organizations reported
the relocations that they made. Similarly, the cost of relocations were
reported by 97 organizations using obligations, while the other 23
organizations reported expenditures. To help the organizations report
complete cost data, we developed a list of the expense categories related
to relocation travel. We developed this list based on our research of FTR
and discussions with knowledgeable officials in several federal
organizations. Our survey asked the federal organizations to include costs
incurred in all of these expense categories and to indicate if there were
categories of expenses for which they could not provide cost data.

While federal organizations are not required to track or keep relocation
data in a specific way, they are required to maintain travel records for 6
years that contain information on reimbursements for individuals. Based
on your request for relocation information over the last several years, our
questionnaire was designed to collect relocation information for fiscal
years 1990 through 1995. However, at the time we sent the questionnaires
to the federal organizations, they were required to have data for fiscal
years 1991 through 1996, and many organizations could not provide the



Page 25                              GAO/GGD-97-119 Government Relocation Travel
Appendix II
Objectives, Scope, and Methodology




data for 1990. Therefore, our report presents information for fiscal years
1991 through 1995.

Although most federal organizations were able to provide the requested
information for fiscal years 1991 through 1995, the total numbers and costs
of relocations are understated in three respects. First, 15 organizations
were not able to provide any information for 1 or more years for one or
two of the four reporting categories. Second, 10 federal organizations
reported that they could not provide any cost information for one or more
of the expense categories. Lastly, 6 organizations said that the information
they reported did not include data from all components for at least 1 year.
Federal organizations’ reasons for not being able to provide the requested
information included (1) records were inaccessible due to asbestos
contamination; (2) records were incomplete due to office or base closures
or realignments; (3) records had been sent to off-site storage;
(4) accounting systems had changed during the period; and (5) the
inability to separate relocation related travel expenses from other travel
expenses.

We did not independently verify the accuracy of the relocation information
that the federal organizations provided because of time constraints and the
number of federal organizations surveyed. However, we reviewed each
questionnaire for clarity and completeness and followed up with the
federal organization’s contact personnel in those instances in which the
response(s) was unclear or incomplete.

To provide information on rotational policies that resulted in civilian
employee relocations, we obtained copies of these policies from the
pertinent federal organizations. We reviewed the policies to understand
their purposes, their rotational requirements, and which employees were
affected. Additionally, we interviewed cognizant officials to discuss the
policies in greater detail, clarify specific issues, and determine current use
of the policies.

We did our work in Washington, D.C., from June 1996 to June 1997 in
accordance with generally accepted government auditing standards. We
did not request comments on this report from the heads of the 119 federal
organizations that responded to our survey because it was impractical. We
requested comments on a draft of this report from the Director of OMB and
the Administrator of GSA. GSA provided oral comments, which are
discussed in this report. In addition, GSA and OMB provided technical
comments, which are incorporated in the report where appropriate.



Page 26                              GAO/GGD-97-119 Government Relocation Travel
Appendix III

Reported Number of Relocations Authorized
by 97 Federal Organizations


                                                                                                                   Total relocations
                                                          Relocations authorized reported by fiscal year                 authorized,
Federal organizations                                    1991        1992        1993          1994         1995          1991-1995
Agency for International Development
  Agencywide information provided                         495         602          469          498          496              2,560
Department of Agriculture
  Agricultural Marketing Service                          152         130          111          112          109                614
  Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service              208         214          148          144          157                871
  Cooperative, State, Research, Education,                 12           6           10             3           2                 33
  and Extension Service
  Farm Service Agency                                      89          71           47            29         124                360
  Food Safety and Inspection Service                      376         324          281          295          250              1,526
  Forest Service                                         1,254      1,037          837         1,022       1,359              5,509
  National Agricultural Statistics Service                139          73           51            74          36                373
  Natural Resources Conservation Service                  879         793          604          690          913              3,879
  Office of Communications                                  0           0            0             4           0                  4
  Office of Inspector General                              20          16           11            11          15                 73
  Office of the Secretary                                   2           0            5             3           0                 10
  Risk Management Agency                                   10          52           43            28          22                155
  Rural Development                                       398         539          224          319          382              1,862
  Departmental Administration                               2           1            0             2           4                  9
Department of Commerce
  Bureau of Economic Analysis                               0           0            0             0           0                  0
  Bureau of Export Administration                           2           1            0             0           4                  7
  Bureau of the Census                                    155         115           37            48          47                402
  Minority Business Development Agency                      0           1            5             6           3                 15
  National Institute of Standards and                      60          83           95            85          77                400
  Technology
  National Technical Information Service                    0           0            0             0           0                  0
  Patent and Trademark Office                               0          32            0             0         106                138
  U.S. Travel and Tourism Administration                    1           1            1             0           0                  3
Department of Defense
  Defense Education Activitya                             814       2,297        2,070         2,386       2,735             10,302
  Defense Information Systems Agency                       13          61           70          196          210                550
  Defense Intelligence Agency                              58          76           73            73          66                346
  Defense Mapping Agency                                   74         127          154          179           82                616
  Defense Special Weapons Agency                            2           9            4            15           2                 32
  Department of the Air Force                             900         900          900          900          900              4,500
  Department of the Navy                                 1,723      1,390        1,877         3,569       3,823             12,382
  U.S. Marine Corps                                       110          93          134          175          172                684
                                                                                                                         (continued)


                                               Page 27                                   GAO/GGD-97-119 Government Relocation Travel
                                             Appendix III
                                             Reported Number of Relocations Authorized
                                             by 97 Federal Organizations




                                                                                                                 Total relocations
                                                        Relocations authorized reported by fiscal year                 authorized,
Federal organizations                                  1991        1992         1993         1994         1995          1991-1995
  Defense Contract Audit Agency                          96         213          134          119          113                675
Department of Education
  Departmentwide information provided                    18           9           18            16          16                 77
Department of Health and Human Services
  Agency for Health Care Policy & Research               10           8            8             5           3                 34
  Food & Drug Administration                             89         207          174          233          158                861
  Health Resources & Services Administration              4           3            5             3           8                 23
  National Institutes of Health                         246         175          170          138           89                818
  Office for Civil Rights                                 0           1            1             0           0                  2
  Office of General Counsel                               0           1            0             0           0                  1
  Office of Inspector General                             7           2           13            13          13                 48
  Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services               UA          UA            2             3           4                  9
  Administration
  Administration for Children and Families                0           1            4             3           1                  9
Department of Housing and Urban Development
  Departmentwide information provided                    30          29           50            55         323                487
Department of the Interior
  Bureau of Indian Affairs                               UA         521          325          258          232              1,336
  Bureau of Land Management                             537         585          385          294          306              2,107
  Bureau of Reclamation                                 332         281          241          166          176              1,196
  Minerals Management Service                            86          40           46            37          32                241
  National Park Service                                1,140        938          725          622          804              4,229
  Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and               26          33           10             5          48                122
  Enforcement
  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service                        557         681          469          463          498              2,668
  U.S. Geological Survey                                173         169          172          151          146                811
  Offices of the Secretary, Solicitor, and               57          32           20            31          23                163
  Inspector General
Department of Justice
  Drug Enforcement Administration                       978         525          289          400          780              2,972
  Federal Bureau of Investigation                      1,634      1,091          715          875        1,451              5,766
  Federal Bureau of Prisons                            1,589      1,815        1,383         1,966       2,077              8,830
  Immigration and Naturalization Service                399         405          192          259          419              1,674
  U.S. Attorneys Office                                  16          30           14            34          20                114
  U.S. Marshals Service                                  80          97          118            53          66                414
  Offices, Boards, and Divisions                         41          55           67            39          47                249
Department of Labor
  Departmentwide information provided                   247         191          144          143          205                930
                                                                                                                       (continued)


                                             Page 28                                   GAO/GGD-97-119 Government Relocation Travel
                                               Appendix III
                                               Reported Number of Relocations Authorized
                                               by 97 Federal Organizations




                                                                                                                   Total relocations
                                                          Relocations authorized reported by fiscal year                 authorized,
Federal organizations                                    1991        1992         1993         1994         1995          1991-1995
Department of State
  Departmentwide information provided                    3,835      3,597        3,556         3,447       3,446             17,881
Department of Transportatio                                 n
  Federal Aviation Administration                        2,296      1,841        1,678         1,041       1,546              8,402
  Federal Highway Administration                          249         242          271          235          310              1,307
  Federal Railroad Administration                          UA          UA          UA            UA           15                 15
  Federal Transit Administration                            5           4            3             4          10                 26
  Maritime Administration                                   9          16           10             6          10                 51
  National Highway Traffic Safety                           3           1            1             4           3                 12
  Administration
  Office of Inspector General                               0           1            1             0           4                  6
  Research and Special Programs                            11           3            2             9           9                 34
  Administration
  U.S. Coast Guard                                         75          94          141            34         107                451
  Office of the Secretary                                  UA          UA           12             9          12                 33
Department of the Treasury
  Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms                178         177          167          124          135                781
  Bureau of the Public Debt                                33          45           71            33           5                187
  Federal Law Enforcement Training Center                  23          12           28             9          26                 98
  Financial Management Service                              5           3            3             3           4                 18
  Internal Revenue Service                                 UA          UA          446          495          563              1,504
  Office of Thrift Supervision                             61          90           41            25           5                222
  Office of the Comptroller of the Currencyb              221         189          257          193          191              1,051
  U.S. Customs Service                                    841         401          429          493          622              2,786
  U.S. Secret Service                                     350         233          268          229          249              1,329
  Departmental Offices & Office of the                     31          15           16            11          19                 92
  Inspector General
Department of Veterans Affairs
  Departmentwide information provided                      UA          UA          UA          1,789       2,254              4,043
Environmental Protection Agency
  Agencywide information provided                         334         162          165          149           97                907
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
  Agencywide information provided                          18          14           12            14          13                 71
Federal Communications Commission
  Agencywide information provided                          UA          UA           12             5           9                 26
                                                                                                                         (continued)




                                               Page 29                                   GAO/GGD-97-119 Government Relocation Travel
                                         Appendix III
                                         Reported Number of Relocations Authorized
                                         by 97 Federal Organizations




                                                                                                                        Total relocations
                                                        Relocations authorized reported by fiscal year                        authorized,
Federal organizations                                  1991           1992           1993           1994         1995          1991-1995
Federal Emergency Management Agency
  Agencywide information provided                        15             27             15              12          24                 93
General Services Administration
  Agencywide information provided                       265            196            216            151          203              1,031
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
  Agencywide information provided                       112             73             34            140          250                609
National Archives and Records Administration
  Agencywide information provided                          9              7            14              11          11                 52
National Labor Relations Board
  Agencywide information provided                        11             12             14               9           8                 54
Nuclear Regulatory Commission
  Agencywide information provided                       202            153            137            137          108                737
Office of Personnel Management
  Agencywide information provided                        66             70             33              37          22                228
Panama Canal Commission
  Agencywide information provided                       138             92            106              78         143                557
Securities and Exchange Commission
  Agencywide information provided                          4            18             18              30          13                 83
Small Business Administration
  Agencywide information provided                        43             39            120              53          48                303
Smithsonian Institution
  Agencywide information provided                          7            10               5             11           5                 38
Social Security Administration
  Agencywide information provided                       634            549            489            420          546              2,638
Totals                                               26,424         25,568        22,946           26,700      31,199            132,837

                                         UA: data were not available.
                                         a
                                             Fiscal year 1991 does not include data from Europe.
                                         b
                                             Information reported on a calendar-year basis.

                                         Source: GAO Survey.




                                         Page 30                                              GAO/GGD-97-119 Government Relocation Travel
Appendix IV

Reported Number of Relocations Made by
23 Federal Organizations


                                                             Relocations made reported by fiscal year              Total relocations
Federal organizations                                    1991        1992        1993          1994         1995   made, 1991-1995
Department of Agriculture
  Agricultural Research Service                            99         237          126          106          196                  764
  Food and Consumer Service                                 5            5           4             4           5                    23
  Grain Inspection, Packers, and Stockyards                15          12            4             8          30                    69
  Administration
  Office of the Chief Financial Officer                     0            0           0             0           0                     0
Department of Commerce
  International Trade Administration                       72          83           70            91         129                  445
  National Telecommunications and                           3            3           4             2           1                    13
  Information Administration
  Office of Inspector General                               1            0           1             5           2                     9
  Office of the Secretary                                   7            2           6             8           9                    32
  National Oceanic and Atmospheric                         75          79          141         1,186       1,177                2,658
  Administrationa
Department of Defense
  Defense Investigative Service                            33          69           72            76          95                  345
  Defense Logistics Agency                                301         770          705          709          965                3,450
  Department of the Armyb                                1,172       4,001       3,768         3,316       3,752               16,009
  Department of the Navy                                 1,139        973        1,023         1,418       1,385                5,938
Department of Energy
  Departmentwide information providedc                   1,007        626          426          592          706                3,357
Department of Health and Human Services
  Administration on Aging                                   1            4           4             0           1                    10
  Centers for Disease Control and Prevention              161         183          117            91          84                  636
  Health Care Financing Administration                     UA          UA          UA              8          43                    51
Department of Justice
  Office of Justice Programs                                0            0           0             3           4                     7
Department of the Treasury
  Bureau of Engraving and Printingd                        46            6           3            10           4                    69
  Financial Crimes Enforcement Network                      7            8           3             8           1                    27
  U.S. Mint                                                 7            6           4             7           6                    30
Tennessee Valley Authority
  Agencywide information provided                        1,026        831          698          550          490                3,595
U.S. Information Agency
  Agencywide information provided                         545         567          582          526          495                2,715
Totals                                                   5,722       8,465       7,761         8,724       9,580               40,252

                                                                                                             (Table notes on next page)




                                               Page 31                                   GAO/GGD-97-119 Government Relocation Travel
Appendix IV
Reported Number of Relocations Made by
23 Federal Organizations




a
  Not all components of NOAA reported for each fiscal year, most notably, the National Weather
Service.
b
    According to an Army Official, relocations made reported for fiscal year 1991 are underreported.
c
    Fiscal year 1992 data were not available from the Bonneville Power Administration.
d
    Information reported on a calendar-year basis.

Source: GAO Survey.




Page 32                                              GAO/GGD-97-119 Government Relocation Travel
Appendix V

Reported Relocation Obligations by 97
Federal Organizations


                                                                                                                        Total
                                      Obligations reported by fiscal year (nominal dollars)                      obligations,
Federal organizations             1991               1992          1993             1994             1995         1991-1995
Agency for International
Development
  Agencywide                $14,880,700     $17,206,900      $16,764,100     $15,866,600      $17,491,800        $82,210,100
  information provided
Department of Agriculture
  Agricultural Marketing      2,843,264       3,104,626        2,290,333        2,784,278       2,684,144         13,706,645
  Service
  Agricultural Research             UA                 UA            UA               UA              UA                  UA
  Service
  Animal and Plant            1,074,719       2,627,601        2,980,571        4,163,891       5,552,773         16,399,555
  Health Inspection
  Service
  Cooperative, State,          289,364          122,750         139,488            97,606          79,479            728,687
  Research, Education
  & Extension Service
  Farm Service Agency          477,017          657,470         241,753          388,420        3,357,692          5,122,352
  Forest Service             24,841,511      22,481,257       15,633,969      22,559,055       32,741,392        118,257,184
  Grain Inspection,            117,708          297,630         172,177          261,983          996,168          1,845,667
  Packers, and
  Stockyards
  Administration
  National Agricultural       1,590,621       1,390,281         861,769         1,401,541         585,958          5,830,170
  Statistics Service
  Natural Resources          12,388,532      13,721,337        9,976,237      12,533,729       15,305,558         63,925,393
  Conservation Service
  Office of                          0                  0              0           64,484               0             64,484
  Communications
  Office of the Secretary       11,713                  0        23,441          115,869                0            151,023
  Risk Management              292,032        1,036,860        1,562,376         663,415          544,598          4,099,281
  Agency
  Rural Development           3,598,860       7,361,305        2,529,258        5,541,099       5,683,667         24,714,189
  Departmental                  13,000              19,000             0           57,000           3,821             92,821
  Administration
Department of Commerce
  Bureau of Economic                 0                  0              0                0               0                  0
  Analysis
  Bureau of Export                  UA                 UA              0                0          95,468             95,468
  Administration
  Bureau of the Census         441,595          283,745         191,712          251,540          266,561          1,435,153
  International Trade               UA                 UA      1,107,058        1,447,075       2,161,546          4,715,679
  Administrationa,h,i
                                                                                                                  (continued)



                                          Page 33                                 GAO/GGD-97-119 Government Relocation Travel
                                        Appendix V
                                        Reported Relocation Obligations by 97
                                        Federal Organizations




                                                                                                                        Total
                                    Obligations reported by fiscal year (nominal dollars)                        obligations,
Federal organizations           1991               1992            1993              1994            1995         1991-1995
  Minority Business                0               3,900         61,375            73,012          58,188            196,475
  Development Agency
  National Institute of       87,386          158,339           248,332           322,224         414,727          1,231,008
  Standards and
  Technology
  National Oceanic and      8,474,161       8,250,742        12,851,788         25,511,135     24,417,766         79,505,592
  Atmospheric
  Administrationb,c
  National Technical               0                  0                0                0               0                  0
  Information Service
  Patent and Trademark             0              51,084               0                0         104,000            155,084
  Office
  U.S. Travel and                 UA                 UA              UA                UA             UA                  UA
  Tourism Administration
Department of Defense
  Defense Education        16,219,615      15,099,697        18,387,406         18,447,089     15,657,847         83,811,654
  Activity
  Defense Information        208,672        1,129,786         1,572,483          4,961,254      5,573,526         13,445,721
  Systems Agency
  Defense Intelligence       724,332        1,257,517         1,133,212          1,388,008      1,637,677          6,140,746
  Agency
  Defense Logistics         9,204,197      16,797,271        14,049,671         17,374,796     22,497,544         79,923,479
  Agency
  Defense Mapping           2,394,000       4,381,000         4,783,000          6,312,000      2,834,000         20,704,000
  Agency
  Defense Special             35,778          143,226            70,801           330,805          70,318            650,928
  Weapons Agency
  Department of the Air    15,000,000      12,700,000        16,300,000         17,400,000     17,300,000         78,700,000
  Force
  Department of the        93,109,617      67,100,100        58,201,348         52,186,743     69,904,556        340,502,364
  Army
  Department of the        19,079,146      24,544,965        27,937,976         49,101,993     57,157,551        177,821,631
  Navy
  U.S. Marine Corpsd        1,062,844       1,303,849         2,459,715          3,134,411      2,648,156         10,608,975
  Defense Contract          4,713,900       5,354,700         6,473,400          5,897,500      4,493,300         26,932,800
  Audit Agency
Department of Education
  Departmentwide             151,802              81,072        154,363           134,522         136,946            658,705
  information provided
                                                                                                                  (continued)




                                        Page 34                                   GAO/GGD-97-119 Government Relocation Travel
                                          Appendix V
                                          Reported Relocation Obligations by 97
                                          Federal Organizations




                                                                                                                          Total
                                      Obligations reported by fiscal year (nominal dollars)                        obligations,
Federal organizations             1991               1992            1993              1994            1995         1991-1995
Department of Health
and Human Services
  Agency for Health             47,119              17,651         48,407            13,383          17,105            143,665
  Care Policy &
  Research
  Food and Drug               2,063,750         998,502         1,767,400          1,892,600      2,362,555          9,084,807
  Administration
  Health Care Financing             UA                 UA              UA            18,231       1,415,396          1,433,627
  Administratione
  Health Resources &            38,866              24,093         59,087            38,292         136,908            297,246
  Services
  Administration
  National Institutes of      1,116,623       1,022,278           711,518           514,066         936,055          4,300,540
  Health
  Office of General                  0               4,849               0                0               0              4,849
  Counsel
  Office of Inspector          140,986              56,522        633,842           639,412         444,700          1,915,462
  General
  Substance Abuse &                 UA                 UA          12,412            18,285          17,930             48,627
  Mental Health
  Services
  Administration
  Administration for                 0              12,296         31,920            16,629           2,239             63,084
  Children and Families
Department of the Interior
  Bureau of Indian                  UA        2,230,928         1,338,692          1,366,179      1,715,185          6,650,984
  Affairs
  Bureau of Land             12,912,516      16,108,420         9,462,566          9,832,325     11,697,123         60,012,950
  Management
  Bureau of Reclamation       5,570,434       5,725,737         5,376,036          5,522,779      5,423,885         27,618,871
  Minerals Management         1,089,557         690,868           909,283           976,816         723,335          4,389,859
  Service
  National Park Service      10,006,164      11,608,500         9,636,834         11,054,259     16,159,328         58,465,085
  Office of Surface            404,788          638,849           292,002           130,510       2,360,570          3,826,719
  Mining Reclamation
  and Enforcement
  U.S. Fish and Wildlife      5,820,068       7,356,146         6,209,137          7,043,096     10,207,711         36,636,158
  Service
  U.S. Geological Survey      5,905,785       5,775,452         5,831,094          5,648,366      6,227,247         29,387,944
  Offices of the              1,117,062         607,032           220,911           714,116         392,583          3,051,704
  Secretary, Solicitor,
  and Inspector General
                                                                                                                    (continued)




                                          Page 35                                   GAO/GGD-97-119 Government Relocation Travel
                                         Appendix V
                                         Reported Relocation Obligations by 97
                                         Federal Organizations




                                                                                                                         Total
                                     Obligations reported by fiscal year (nominal dollars)                        obligations,
Federal organizations            1991               1992            1993              1994            1995         1991-1995
Department of Justice
  Drug Enforcement          23,373,805      12,065,248         9,360,676         16,278,539     34,134,874         95,213,142
  Administration
  Federal Bureau of                UA       35,920,774        33,023,348         42,171,211     54,960,783        166,076,116
  Investigationc
  Federal Bureau of         29,677,416      35,225,048        28,647,994         42,061,955     50,808,259        186,420,672
  Prisonsc
  Immigration and           17,657,365      18,010,537         8,875,702         14,247,818     29,301,176         88,092,598
  Naturalization Servicea
  U.S. Attorneys Office            UA                 UA              UA                UA             UA                  UA
  U.S. Marshals Service      2,327,456       3,646,272         3,212,322          2,857,180      4,130,329         16,173,559
  Offices, Boards, and             UA                 UA              UA                UA             UA                  UA
  Divisions
Department of Labor
  Departmentwide             4,424,000       2,115,000         1,095,000          2,224,000      5,003,000         14,861,000
  information provided
Department of State
  Departmentwide            73,370,000      77,874,000        78,944,000         80,162,000     76,697,000        387,047,000
  information provided
Department of
Transportation
  Federal Aviation          69,201,500      53,634,800        62,459,000         42,770,700     75,013,400        303,079,400
  Administration
  Federal Highway            6,523,678       5,651,968         3,845,827          4,944,720      9,477,082         30,443,275
  Administration
  Federal Railroad                 UA                 UA              UA                UA         341,959            341,959
  Administration
  Federal Transit              74,449              10,848         23,759            56,721         236,574            402,351
  Administration
  Maritime                    189,136          490,626           193,603            85,660         343,512          1,302,537
  Administration
  National Highway            200,000          200,000           120,000            60,000          88,000            668,000
  Traffic Safety
  Administration
  Office of Inspector               0          100,000           125,000                 0         375,000            600,000
  General
  Research and Special        168,603              19,864         71,199           215,507         134,174            609,347
  Programs
  Administration
  U.S. Coast Guard           1,794,880       1,899,748         2,458,722          1,146,780      2,546,997          9,847,127
  Office of the Secretary          UA                 UA         167,883           117,380         683,440            968,703
                                                                                                                   (continued)




                                         Page 36                                   GAO/GGD-97-119 Government Relocation Travel
                                           Appendix V
                                           Reported Relocation Obligations by 97
                                           Federal Organizations




                                                                                                                           Total
                                       Obligations reported by fiscal year (nominal dollars)                        obligations,
Federal organizations              1991               1992            1993              1994            1995         1991-1995
Department of the Treasury
  Bureau of Alcohol,           8,086,725       6,349,763         9,029,500          7,185,951      8,250,408         38,902,347
  Tobacco, and Firearms
  Bureau of the Public          867,268        1,056,405         1,638,600           769,765         155,496          4,487,534
  Debt
  Federal Law                   388,096          146,171           462,221           291,964         689,386          1,977,838
  Enforcement Training
  Center
  Financial Management           57,357              18,018           3,782            1,584          69,263            150,004
  Service
  Internal Revenue                   UA                 UA      10,372,382         19,564,381     28,786,821         58,723,584
  Service
  U.S. Customs Servicec       24,068,132      12,340,786         9,409,167         16,437,270     24,019,410         86,274,765
  U.S. Secret Service         12,132,240       8,481,179        11,260,651          9,882,275     12,161,615         53,917,960
  Departmental Offices          675,400          422,985           477,749           371,829         569,184          2,517,147
  & Office of the
  Inspector General
Department of Veterans
Affairs
  Departmentwide                     UA                 UA              UA         73,100,000     61,400,000        134,500,000
  information provided
Environmental Protection
Agency
  Agencywide                   1,101,175         892,171         1,277,443           951,446       3,338,709          7,560,944
  information provideda,c,f
Equal Employment Opportunity
Commission
  Agencywide                    470,292          341,699           191,267           657,233         389,406          2,049,897
  information provided
Federal Communications
Commission
  Agency wide                   129,000              56,000         52,000           170,000         102,000            509,000
  information provided
Federal Emergency
Management Agency
  Agencywide                    618,614        1,096,669           541,773           747,217       1,568,962          4,573,235
  information provided
National Aeronautics and
Space Administration
  Agencywide                   5,109,562       4,289,356         3,731,891          9,030,162     16,909,715         39,070,686
  information provided
                                                                                                                     (continued)




                                           Page 37                                   GAO/GGD-97-119 Government Relocation Travel
                                            Appendix V
                                            Reported Relocation Obligations by 97
                                            Federal Organizations




                                                                                                                             Total
                                        Obligations reported by fiscal year (nominal dollars)                         obligations,
Federal organizations               1991               1992            1993              1994            1995          1991-1995
National Archives and
Records Administration
  Agencywide                     383,310          218,518           420,331           349,524         259,087            1,630,770
  information provided
National Labor Relations
Board
  Agencywide                     395,089          460,974           376,221           249,344         351,279            1,832,907
  information provided
Nuclear Regulatory
Commission
  Agencywide                    3,858,298       2,960,800         4,090,968          6,666,058      3,927,591          21,503,715
  information provided
Office of Personnel
Management
  Agencywide                     227,843          295,713         1,059,114           488,224         868,000            2,938,894
  information providedg
Panama Canal Commission
  Agencywide                    1,076,446         576,009           632,394           480,967         836,625            3,602,441
  information provided
Securities and Exchange
Commission
  Agencywide                      27,160          219,707           301,779          1,017,847        366,019            1,932,512
  information provided
Small Business Administration
  Agencywide                     400,177          932,608         3,029,417          1,764,923      1,816,681            7,943,806
  information provided
Smithsonian Institution
  Agencywide                      17,238              29,215         31,369            39,971          10,620              128,413
  information provided
Social Security
Administration
  Agencywide                 21,639,221        15,947,156        15,243,882         18,830,167     27,311,086          98,971,512
  information provided
Totals                     $590,270,736      $585,542,767      $567,958,189     $734,660,693     $911,129,504      $3,389,561,890
Totals in constant         $652,146,385      $629,460,206      $595,082,028     $752,155,838     $911,129,504
1995 dollars

                                                                                                          (Table notes on next page)




                                            Page 38                                   GAO/GGD-97-119 Government Relocation Travel
Appendix V
Reported Relocation Obligations by 97
Federal Organizations




UA: data were not available.
a
    Obligations reported do not include nontemporary storage of household goods expenses.
b
    Obligations reported for fiscal years 1994 and 1995 do not include enroute travel expense.
c
    Obligations reported do not include overseas renewal agreement expenses.
d
 Questionnaire was sent to multiple installations for completion but not all installations were able
to report obligations for all categories of expenses.
e
    Obligations for fiscal year 1994 do not include regional data.
f
Obligations reported for fiscal years 1991 to 1995 do not include relocation service contract
expenses.
g
    Obligations reported do not include miscellaneous moving expenses.
h
  Obligations reported do not include transportation and storage of household goods, mobile
homes, and vehicle expenses.

Source: GAO Survey.




Page 39                                             GAO/GGD-97-119 Government Relocation Travel
Appendix VI

Reported Relocation Expenditures by 23
Federal Organizations


                                                                                                                     Total
                                    Expenditures reported by fiscal year (nominal dollars)                   expenditures,
Federal organizations            1991               1992          1993             1994            1995         1991-1995
Department of Agriculture
  Food Safety and           $3,621,939      $2,883,774      $2,158,881       $3,540,345      $3,014,143        $15,219,082
  Inspection Service
  Food and Consumer              8,324             97,197       29,487            6,954          25,967            167,928
  Service
  Office of the Chief               0                  0             0                0               0                  0
  Financial Officer
  Office of the Inspector     600,000          700,000         200,000          300,000       1,000,000          2,800,000
  General
Department of Commerce
  National                       3,282             21,468       78,181           18,593           7,121            128,645
  Telecommunications
  and Information
  Administration
  Office of Inspector          10,577                  0         1,522          116,698          53,963            182,760
  General
  Office of the Secretary      29,099               8,284       53,114           18,806          37,389            146,692
Department of Defense
  Defense Investigative       446,885          879,106         990,896          783,536         939,099          4,039,522
  Service
  Department of the          9,923,116      11,423,128      17,400,140       50,947,710      51,412,626        141,106,720
  Navy
Department of Energy
  Departmentwide            13,812,583      12,736,493      11,883,077       10,687,990      16,361,763         65,481,906
  information provideda
Department of Health and
Human Services
  Administration on            58,459              73,463       49,883                0             119            181,924
  Aging
  Centers for Disease        2,271,987       3,161,797       2,223,000        1,917,495       2,759,779         12,334,058
  Control and
  Preventionb
  Office for Civil Rights           0              65,000        3,000                0               0             68,000
Department of Housing and
Urban Development
  Departmentwide              216,719          233,838         286,581          290,666       1,140,807          2,168,611
  information provided
Department of Justice
  Office of Justice                 0                  0             0           27,467           7,568             35,035
  Programs
                                                                                                                (continued)




                                         Page 40                                GAO/GGD-97-119 Government Relocation Travel
                                           Appendix VI
                                           Reported Relocation Expenditures by 23
                                           Federal Organizations




                                                                                                                                            Total
                                      Expenditures reported by fiscal year (nominal dollars)                                        expenditures,
Federal organizations              1991                  1992                1993                 1994               1995              1991-1995
Department of the Treasury
  Bureau of Engraving          1,194,999             202,142             153,415                387,622          133,345                2,071,523
  and Printingc
  Financial Crimes              272,137              276,589             217,825                239,578             4,769               1,010,898
  Enforcement Network
  Office of Thrift              987,907            1,294,888             858,185                524,771          177,155                3,842,906
  Supervision
  Office of the                4,638,186           4,080,547           4,555,478           3,861,699           7,327,103              24,463,013
  Comptroller of the
  Currencyc,d
  U.S. Mint                      63,888                96,563            115,139                247,853          156,982                 680,425
General Services
Administration
  Agencywide                   3,639,425           3,698,062           4,423,124           3,238,745           3,888,537              18,887,893
  information provided
Tennessee Valley Authority
  Agencywide                   4,673,791           4,108,055           4,121,114           3,476,021           4,010,770              20,389,751
  information provided
U.S. Information Agency
  Agencywide                   8,669,392           9,521,375          10,095,494           9,186,153           9,943,983              47,416,397
  information provided
Totals                       $55,142,695        $55,561,769          $59,897,536         $89,818,702       $102,402,988             $362,823,689
Totals in constant 1995      $60,923,076        $59,729,066          $62,758,048         $91,957,637       $102,402,988
dollars

                                           a
                                               Fiscal year 1992 data were not available from the Bonneville Power Administration.
                                           b
                                               Expenditures reported do not include overseas renewal agreement expenses.
                                           c
                                               Information reported on a calendar-year basis.
                                           d
                                               Expenditures reported do not include enroute travel expenses.

                                           Source: GAO Survey.




                                           Page 41                                              GAO/GGD-97-119 Government Relocation Travel
Appendix VII

Major Contributors to This Report


                        Gerald P. Barnes, Assistant Director
General Government      Maria Edelstein, Evaluator-in-Charge
Division, Washington,   Shirley Bates, Evaluator
D.C.                    Martin DeAlteriis, Social Science Analyst
                        Stuart Kaufman, Social Science Analyst
                        Hazel Bailey, Evaluator (Communications Analyst)


                        Robert Heitzman, Senior Attorney
Office of General
Counsel, Washington,
D.C.




(240209)                Page 42                            GAO/GGD-97-119 Government Relocation Travel
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                                 Permit No. G100
Official Business
Penalty for Private Use $300

Address Correction Requested