GAO United States General Accounting Office Washington, D.C. 20548 General Government Division B-277187 July 23, 1997 The Honorable Bill McCollum Chairman, Subcommittee on Crime Committee on the Judiciary House of Representatives Subject: Federal Law Enforcement: Investigative Personnel and Authoritv for Selected Organizations Not Covered bv Law Enforcement Retirement Dear Mr. Chairman: This letter contains additional information in response to your September 18, 1995, request that we provide you with information on federal law enforcement investigative personnel and authority. Previously, as agreed with your office, we provided you with information on selected law enforcement organizations’ investigative personnel and authority.’ The information that we provided pertained to those personnel both employed in investigative work and covered by certain law enforcement retirement provisions. In subsequent discussions with your office, we learned that the Subcommittee was interested in similar information from selected organizations whose personnel are not covered by the law enforcement retirement provisions. Specifically, the Subcommittee asked us to survey the AMTRAK Police Department, the U.S. Tennessee Valley Authority Police and Office of Inspector General, the Library of Congress Police, and the Supreme Court of the United States Police. We were asked to determine (1) the types of violations these federal organizations investigate; (2) the authorities under which these organizations investigate suspected federal criminal law violations, execute search warrants, make arrests, and/or carry firearms; (3) the number of investigative personnel in these organizations as of September 30, 1996, and the number of these personnel who ‘Federal Law Enforcement: Information on Certain Agencies’ Criminal Investigative Personnel and Salarv Costs (GAO/T-GGD-96-38, Nov. 15, 1995); Federal Law Enforcement: Investigative Authoritv and Personnel at 13 Agencies (GAO/GGD-96- 154, Sept. 30, 1996); and Federal Law Enforcement: Investigative Author&v and Personnel at 32 Organizations (GAO/GGD-97-93, July 22, 1997). GAO/GGD-97-127R Investigative Personnel and Authority B-277187 were authorized to execute search warrants, make arrests, and/or carry firearms; and (4) how the number of investigative personnel in these organizations has changed since the end of fiscal year 1987. To collect this information, we administered a survey to each organization. We did not independently verify the accuracy of the information provided by the organizations. The detailed results are contained in enclosures I through IV. Overall, the organizations reported being generally responsible for enforcing laws on their lands and premises and deriving their authority primarily from statutory provisions set out in the U.S. Code. The organizations reported having 710 investigative personnel at the end of fiscal year 1996, most of whom were authorized to execute search warrants, make arrests, and carry firearms. This number was about one-half of the number of investigative personnel at these organizations at the end of fiscal year 1987. This personnel decrease occurred primarily at the U.S. Tennessee Valley Authority’s organizations. We conducted this review between October 1996 and May 1997 in Washington, D.C., in accordance with generally accepted government auditing standards. We obtained comments on the contents of this letter from cognizant organization officials between May 23, 1997, and June 9, 1997.2 These officials suggested only technical or clarifying changes to the information pertaining to their organizations. We have made those changes as appropriate. We are sending copies of this letter to the Ranking Minority Member of your Subcommittee and the Chairman and Ranking Minority Member of the Senate Committee on the Judiciary. We will also make copies available to others on request. Please contact me at (202) 512-8777 if you or your staff have any questions. Sincerely yours, Director, Administration of Justice Issues Enclosures - 4 ‘We spoke with the Project Manager, Strategic Planning, AMTRAK, the Washington Representative, U.S. Tennessee Valley Authority; the Captain, Library of Congress Police; and the Marshal of the Court, Supreme Court of the United States. 2 GAO/GGD-97-1278 Investigative Personnel and Authority Ib e 11 ENCLOSURE III ENCLOSURE III NUMBER OF PERSONNEL AUTHORIZED TO PERFORM CERTAIN INVESTIGATIVE FUNCTIONS AS OF THE END OF FISCAL YEAR 1996 Total number of Execute investigative search Make Carry firearms, Organization personnel warrants arrests if necessary AMTRAK Police Department 303 303 303 303 U.S. Tennessee Valley Authority U.S. TVA Police 193 193 193 193 Office of Inspector 27 3 3 3 General Library of Congress 109 109 109 109 Police Supreme Court of the 78 78 78 78 United States Police Total 710 686 686 686 Source: Organization survey data. 7 GAO/GGD-97-127R Investigative Personnel and Authority ENCLOSURE IV ENCLOSURE IV NUMBER OF INVESTIGATMX PERSONNEL AT THE END OF FISCAL YEARS 1987: 1991> 1995, AND 1996 Number of personnel, by fiscal year Organization 1987 1991 1995 1996 AMTRAK Police Department 302” 290” 311 303 U. S. Tennessee Valley Authority U.S. TVA Police 998 675 179 193 Office of Inspector 37 36 28 27 General Library of Congress Police 112 108 105 109 Supreme kourt of the United 72 72 75 78 States Police Total 1,521 1,181 698 710 “Estimated. According to an AMTRAK Police Department official, actual numbers for these years are not available due to a number of factors, including a loss of records during an office relocation and a fire thalt destroyed other records. Source: Organization survey data. (182037) 8 GAO/GGD-97-127R Investigative Personnel and Authority Ordering Information The first copy of each GAO report and testimony is free. Additional copies are $2 each. Orders should be sent to the following address, accompanied by a check or money order made out to the Superintendent of Documents, when necessary. VISA and Mastercard credit cards are accepted, also. Orders for 100 or more copies to be mailed to a single address are discounted 25 percent. 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Federal Law Enforcement: Investigative Personnel and Authority for Selected Organizations Not Covered by Law Enforcement Retirement
Published by the Government Accountability Office on 1997-07-23.
Below is a raw (and likely hideous) rendition of the original report. (PDF)