United States GA!!0 General Accounting Of&e Washington, D.C. 20548 General Government Division B-276886 November 5, 1997 The Honorable Duncan Hunter House of Representatives Subject: Customs and Border Patrot Resources Needed for Reoneninp Rail Line Prom Mexico-US. Border Into the United States Dear Mr. Hunter: This letter responds to your March 19,1997, request for information concerning federal resources that would be necessary if a long-abandoned rail line from near Tecate, Medico, into the United States to Plaster City, California, was reopened. On April 29, 1997, we briefed you on the results of our work You asked us to expand the scope of our work to include information about how many Border Patrol agents would be needed to secure the border in eastern San Diego County, Cal.Zomia, where the rail line closely parallels the border, and to inspect all railcars on the proposed reopened rail line. On June 18, 1997, we briefed you on the results of the expanded work and informed you that because of our review, the Border Patrol planned to assessthe potential impact of the reopening of the rail line on its operations. You then requested that we include information from the Border Patrol’s assessment in our final report to you GAOIGGD-98-20R Resources for Rail Line Reopening /sPsa”7 B-276886 This letter responds to your requests. . Spe&ca.Uy, it discusses resources used by the U.S. Customs Service (Customs) and the Immigration and Natmalization Service (INS) to monitor freight service on currently operating rail lines from San Diego to Tecate, Mexico. It al50 identifies the resources, such as personnel, inspection facilities, and equipment, that Customs and INS, believe would be necessary to detect and deter. illegal activities associated with reopening the rail line, such as drug smuggling and illegal immigration. We performed our work at Customs and INS headquarters in Washington, DC., and in the San Diego, California, area. We observed rail and inspection operations at the San Ysidro, California, port of entry. We also toured the rail line where it closely parallels the California-Mexico border, accompanied by Border Patrol agents. We obtained resource estimates from Customs and INS officials. Their estimates were based on certain scenarios of rail freight, composition, and volume and the frequency of entry to and exit from the United States. We also reviewed a draft report of the Border Patrol’s assessment of the rail line reopening. We did not, however, attempt to validate the completeness or reasonablenessof the estimates or scenarios. BACKGROUND The San Diego and Arizona Eastern Railway (SD & AK), owned by the San Diego Metropolitan Transit Development Board, consists of two primary lines, the Main T&e and the Desert Line. The Main Line is 16 ties long and runs from San Diego to the international border at San Ysidro!IIjuana, Mexico. The Desert Line, which has been closed since 1983, is 70 miles long and runs Tom the California-Mexico border at a junction called Division, 4 miles south of Campo, California, to Plaster City, California, which is 17 miles west of El Centro, California, in the Imperial Valley. In addition, the Mexican Line, which is 44 miles long, connects SD & AB’s Main Line to its Desert Line. (See fig. I.) The San Diego and Imperial Valley (SD & IV) Railroad, a private company and subsidiary of RaiITex, Inc., currently transports freight on the SD & AE Main Line and Mexican Line. GAO/GGD-9%20R Resources for Rail Line Reopening Et-276886 Figure 1: MaD of the SD & f%ERailwav Railway lines Legend - SD and AE main tine .i$ I-MISand rugged tenain - Mexicanline - SD and AE desert line I Union Pacific Source: San Diego Association of Governments. 3 GAO/GGD-98-20R Resources for Rail Line Reopening B-276886 According.to the San Diego Association of Governments’ (SANDAG) Economic Feasibiliti Studv of the San Diego & Arizona Eastern Railwau, reopening the Desert Line would restore freight service between San Diego and the Imperial Valley, with continuing service to the eastern United States.’ Rail freight service for the San Diego region is currently provided by a single continental railroad via Los Angeles. According to SANDAG, reopening the rail link to the east via the SD & AE Railway is needed to improve the international and interstate movement of goods through the San Diego region. SANDAG’s Economic Feasibility Study contains estimated costs in 1995 dollars to repair and improve the Desert Line for two levels of service: basic and modem, as shown in enclosure L The study estimated that about $25 million would be required to restore basic fi-eight service, improve the rail line’s reliability, and provide Customs with inspection yards. For more modern service, including “double stack” container railcars and auto carriers, the estimated costs rise to between $99 and $105 GIlion in 1995 dollars. SANDAG’s Economic Feasibility Study did not specifically identify the source of funding for the rail line improvements. The study suggested that a public@ivate partnership should be pursued and referred the task of developing a financing strategy to the San Diego Mayor’s Finance Committee for the SD & AE Railway. According to SD & IV Railroad officials, RailTex, Inc., its parent organization, plans to provide a $7.9 million initia.l capital investment to reopen the Desert Line of the SD & AE Railway. Customs is responsible for collecting revenue from imports and for enforcing Customs and related laws. It also processes persons, carriers, cargo, and mail into and out of the United States. A major goal of Customs is to prevent the smuggling of drugs into the countty.~ INS is responsible for ensurin g that persons entering the United States do so in accordance with U.S. immigration laws. Within INS, the Border Patrol is responsible for maintaining control of the international boundaries between the ports of entry by detecting and preventing smuggling and illegal entry of aliens into the United States. ‘SANDAG is a public agency formed voluntarily by local governments to ensure overall areawide planning and coordination for the San Diego region. SANDAG’s Economic. Feasibiliw Study, dated March 1, 1996,was funded by the California Department of Transportation and the San Diego Unified Port District. A SANDAG advisory committee guided the study and prepared recommendations based on the study kxbngs. 4 GAO/GGD-9%20R Resources for Bail he Reopening 3276886 RESULTS IN BRIEF Customs and INS officials told us that they would need as many as 31 to 35 staff and related equipment, depending on the level of illegal activity once the Desert Line is reopened. Currently, one freight train traveling on the Main and Mexican Lines crosses each weekday fiorn San Diego to Mexico at San Ysidro and returns the same day, according to SD & IV Railroad officials. Customs has assigned two inspectors for both the inbound and outbound trains but has no available inspection facilities. The Border Patrol said it generally has two agents in mobile units stationed in an area near the train gate, but not specifically because of the train crossing. The SD & IV Railroad has agreed to modify an existing building at the San Ysidro railroad border inspection station for use by Customs inspectors. To process the proposed basic freight service associated with reopening the Desert Line, Customs said that at San Ysidro, it would require five inspectors and one canine enforcement officer (CEO). Customs also said that additional equipment would be needed Customs believes the planned modification of an existing building for use by Customs inspectors to inspect current freight service would also be sufEicient for the proposed basic freight service. The Border Patrol would not req@re additional agents at San Ysidro for the proposed basic freight service, unless the number of illegal aliens discovered were to increase. At Campo, California, neither inspection facilities nor equipment are currently available. Similar to resource needs at San Ysidro, Customs officials said it would require five inspectors, one CEO, and various equipment to process basic freight semice associated with reopening the Desert Line. The SD & IV Railroad has agreed to provide inspection facilities. The Border Patrol said it would require a minimum of two agents to observe the &ain at Camp0 and a minimum of two additional agents at Division to observe the train as it comes through a tunnel into the United States. The Border Patrol said it would need to pull these agents from other areas of the border to provide tram coverage. For approximately 12 to 15 miles east of Campo, the Desert rail line closely parallels the border. Near Jacumba, California, trains traveling on the reopened Desert Line would come within about 75 yards of the border. To limit illegal immigrants’ use of railcars along this stretch if the Desert Line is reopened, the Border Patio1 said it would need up to 10 agents to observe the train as it travels between Campo and Jacumba, depending on the volume of illegal immigration. In addition, if necessary, the Border Patrol said it would need a minimum of four agents to physically board and check all railcars at Jacumba. According to Border Patrol officials stationed at Campo, more agents could be necessary depending on the number of illegal immigrants using the train. 5 GAOIGGD-9%2OR Resomces for Rail Line Reopening B-276886 Along with inspectors, Customs officials told us it would also need additional special agents if the Desert Line were to reopen. A Customs Assistant Special Agent-in- Charge, Tom the San Diego Of&e of Jnvestigations, told us that the office would need four additional special agents and related support staff and equipment to handle and investigate potential smuggling activities that may be associated with reopening the rail line. For modern freight service over the rail line, Customs and Border Patrol officials told us that they may need additional resources, depending on the vohime, frequency, and composition of the freight shipped. However, because no firm plans exist for this service, Customs and Border Patrol officials said it would be difficukto estimate resource needs. As a result of our review, the Border Patrol conducted an assessment of the threat posed by the rail line reopening on its operation to assist it in identifying the resources needed to counter the threat. The Border Patrol’s Tactical Unit conducted the threat assessment and drafted a report, but that report had not yet been approved by Border Patrol headquarters as of October 23, 1997. The draft assessment report, which we reviewed, essentially idenmed levels of resources similar to the levels Border Patrol officials had already provided us. CUSTOMS AN-D BORDER PATROL RESOURCE USE WITH CURRENT FREIGHT SERVICE Currently, one freight train traveling on the Main and Mexican Lines crosses each weekday fro-m San Diego to Mexico at San Ysidro and returns the same day, according to SD & IV Railroad officials, the current freight operator. On average, each train leaving the United States consists of 14 railcars carrying such commodities as liquid petroleum gas, gram, rolled steel, and granite blocks, according to Railroad officials. Prior to August 1997, all trains generally returned to the United States with empty railcars. Beginning on August 27, 1997,inbound trains Tom Mexico to the United States began transporting sand in five to seven railcars, according to Railroad officials. According to Customs’standard operating procedures, at least two Customs officers are required to inspect the train at San Ysidro. The usual procedure, according to the supervisor of the Container, Rail, and Truck (CRT) unit based at the Otay Mesa Commercial Facility, is to send two inspectors from nearby Otay Mesa to San Ysidro each morning and afternoon to inspect the train as it departs from and reenters the United-States. We observed Customs inspections of both outgoing and incoming trams; these inspections lasted about 15 minutes each. Customs CRT inspectors told us that longer inspections occur if, in Customs’opinion, a railcar needs a more intensive inspection. Customs does not use any special facilities or equipment for the 6 GAO/GGD-9%20R Resources for Rail Line Reopening B-276886 - inspections. Customs has asked the SD & IV Railroad to modify an existing building at San Ysidru to facilitate inspection of the railcars. Railroad officials -told us that as of the end of August, although plans were in process to modify the building, construction had not yet begun and a portable office was on site for Customs’use. Like Customs, the Border Patrol said it also has personnel on hand as the train departs and reenters the United States at San Ysidro. According to the Assistant Chief Patrol Agent from the San Diego Sector, the Border Patrol stations two agents in mobile units in the vicinity of the railroad border crossing, but not solely for the tram. The two agents are very close to the San Ysidro passenger port of entry in an area of high illegal immigration activity. The Assistant Chief told us that the railroad crossing is controlled and inspected by Customs, and the Border Patrol does not require any additional staf6ng for the current railroad operations. We also watched the Border Patrol agents on station observing the train for illegal immigrants. On that day, these agents were augmented by another agent in a mobile unit for the arrival of the inbound train from Mexico. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PATROL RESOURCES NEEDED FOR REOPENED DESERT LINE Customs and Border Patrol officials told us that they will need additional resources to detect and deter illegal activities, such as drug smuggling and illegal immigration, if the Desert Line portion of the SD & AB Railway is reopened. They estimated that the amount of additional resources needed would vary depending on whether the Desert Line is rehabilitated to handle basic or modem &ig.ht service. &I particular, they said resource needs would be dependent on the volume and composition of freight to be shipped under those services and the eequency of trams entering and exiting the United States. Because no firm plans ex&t for the proposed modem freight service, Customs and Border Patrol officials said that it would be dif&ult to estimate resource needs for that service. A Border Patrol draft threat assessment report on the proposed reopening of the Desert Line essentially identified similar levels of resources that Border Patrol officials provided for our review. (See encs, Ii and III for a complete list of the personnel and equipment needs that Customs and Border Patrol officials identified during onr review for proposed basic freight service for San Ysidro, CampofI’ecate, and eastern San Diego County.) Reonenin,a the Desert Line With Basic Freight Service Reopening the Desert Line would make available fi-eight service along the entire SD & AE Railway with the Main Line, Mexican Line, and Desert Line available for such service. According to SD & IV Railroad officials, reopening the Desert Line to provide 7 GAO/GGD-98-20R Resources for Rail Line Reopening B-276886 basic freight service would involve one tram running each weekday, during daylight hours, Tom San Diego to Plaster City, and another tram starting each -weekday at Plaster City and traveling to San Diego. In addition, they estimate that the number of railcars per train would increase from an average of about 14 on current freight service to as many as 25 and that the cars would carry such commodities as liquid petroleum gas, rolled steel, gram, lumber, gypsum, sand, beer, and lard. SD & IV Railroad officials told us that they plan to have the Desert Line refurbished for basic freight service and opened 6 to 8 months Tom the time anew agreement is reached for continued access to the Mexican Line portion of the railway. The entire project is contingent on the Railroad reaching an agreement for continued access rights to the Mexican Line, according to SD & IV Railroad officials. Customs and Border Patrol Resources Needed for Basic Freight Service To inspect the one daily train in and out of the San Ysidro border crossing under the basic freight service scenario, Customs CRT inspectors told us that they would need a minimum of five inspectors (including the current two), for an increase of three inspectors, and one CEO. These inspectors would possibly work full time at San Ysidro, depending on the types of commodities shipped and time required for inspections. The culTent CRT inspectors stated that the planned building modification to facilitate inspections under current freight service at San Ysidro would be s&&ient to also support basic freight service on the reopened Desert line. Customs CRT inspectors also gave us a list of equipment that they feel would be needed to inspect the diverse array of commodities expected to be imported. The equipment l&Includes a pallet x-ray unit; overhead lighting; computers and printers; a mobile hylift (“cherry picker”); enforcement tools (density detectors, probes, drills, etc.); and a video surveillance security system. (See enc. RI for the complete list of the equipment needs that Customs ideni3ied.) For Campo, Customs officials told us that depending on arrival and departure times of the trains, they would also need at least five inspectors and one CEO. Additional inspectors could be needed if, for instance, the SD & IV Railroad began nighnime operations. Along with inspectors, Customs officials told us it would also need inspection facilities at Campo, which would be provided by the Railroad, according to SD & IV Railroad officials. According to the Customs officials, the same type of equipment required at the San Ysidro border crossing would also be needed at Campo. (See enc. III.) 8 GAOIGGD-9%20R Resources for Rail Line Reopening %276886 In addition to inspectors, Customs told us it would also need additional special agents if the Desert Line were to reopen. A Customs Assistant Special Agent-m-Charge from the San Diego Office of Investigations told us that four additional special agents and one additional investigative assistant, along with new equipment, including vehicles, radios and computers, would be needed at Tecate, California, to handle and investigate potential smuggling activities that may be associated with reopening the rail line. For the Border Patrol, the Assistant Chief Patrol Agent from the San Diego Border Patrol Sector told us that no additional agents would be needed at San Ysidro unless the tram gate remained open much longer than usual and the number of illegal aliens discovered were to increase. The Assistant Chief also told us that a minimum of two agents would be needed to observe the tram at Campo while Customs conducts its inspection; this procedure would be much like the current process at the San Ysidro border crossing. In addition, a minimum of two agents would be needed at Division to observe the train as it comes through a tunnel into the United States. The Assistant Chief told us that these agents would be pulled from other areas of the border to provide train coverage. Border Patrol Agents Would Also Be Needed Where Rail Line Closelv Parallels the Border We visited the stretch of rail line that closely parallels the U.S./Mexico border for approximately 12 to 15 miles in eastern San Diego County. (See fig. 2.) The rail line comes within several miles of the border at various locations, down to less than a mile in other areas, and within about 75 yards near Jacumba, California We observed very rugged lerritory with some small settlements and ranches. A Border Patio1 Agent who has worked in the area for 26 years said that about 100 to 150 illegal aliens a day are apprehended there, most near Jacumba at the eastern end of San Diego County, with many more coming through the mountains between Jacumba and Campo. 9 GAO/GGD-98-20R Resources for Rail Line Reopening B-276886 - RWe 2: Man of the SD & A33Railwav Showing Locations Close to the Border Deteiied enlargement showing the rail line from Campo to Jacumba. Imperial County California I SanYsidro *,,,,\ “. 2 c ,,,$.,,F Mexico * 9,,,,,!F Railway lines - SD and AE main line $(; Hills and rugged terrain - Mexican line - SD and AE desert line I Union Pacific Source: SD & IV Fkilroad. 10 GAO/GGD-9%20R Resources for Rail Line Reopening B-276886 - According to Border Patrol officials, a lack of roads and trails limits the Border Patrrol’s access to much of the track between Campo and Jacumba, Where the rail line comes closest to the border. The Border Patrol officials said that the reopened rail line would be a vehicle for illegal immigration and that it is likely that the illegal immigrants would board the train and move through areas of Border Patrol coverage to areas where the Border Patrol has limited resources. Currently, according to Border Patrol officials stationed at Campo, about 30 to 45 Border Patrol agents are on duty at any one time during 3 shifts &cm Tecate, California, to the eastern San Diego County line. To properly inspect and maintain control as much as possible over illegal immigrants’ use of the railroad on the reopened rail line, the Border Patrol believes it would need, at a minimunx up to 10 agents to observe the train depending on the volume of illegal immigration between Camp0 and Jacumba; and 4 agents to physically board and check all r&cars at Jacumba, if necessary. .The Assistant Chief Patrol Agent for San Diego pointed out that as an extension of Operation Gatekeeper; and not in response to the proposed reopening of the Desert Line, the Border Patrol is adding resources to the eastern San Diego County area For example, new border fences and access roads are being built, additional lighting is being added, and increased numbers of agents are being assigned to the area Customs and Border Patrol Resources Needed for Modern Freight Service Difficult to Determine According to the SANDAG Economic Feasibility Study, modernization of the rail line would include a capital outlay of about $99 million to about $105 n-&ion in 1995 dollars, including the cost of a truck-to-rail inter-modal facility. As part of the modernization program, track on the Desert Line would be straightened and lowered in tunnels to enable high and long loads, including “double stack” container cars and tri-level auto racks, to pass. SD & IV Railroad officials told us that any modernization ‘Operation Gatekeeper was initiated in 1994 as a multiphase, multiyear project to reduce illegal immigration into the San Diego area and to force immigration traffic eastward. Its strategy involved deploying new personnel, equipment, technology, and tactics specifically tailored to the geography, crossing pattm, and characteristics of immigrants who attempt to enter the United States illegally through the San Diego area 11 GAO/GGD-9%2OR Resources for Rail Line Reopening B-276886 of the SD & AE railway is entirely contingent on securing funding and generating enough business to support expanded railway operations and modernization. Railroad officials told us that under modernization, trains would have a limit of 40 railcars, would arrive and depart during daylight, and would carry diverse products. For this modernization scenario, Customs and Border Patrol officials told us basically the same thing the inspection resources and equipment needed would depend on the types of railcars (e.g., gondolas, boxcars, liquid petroleum gas tankers); commodities and cargo shipped; number of railcars to be inspected; and-unique to the Border Patrol-the number of illegal aliens spotted and apprehended along the rail line and on the Irains. However, because no fum plans exist for this service, Customs and Border Patrol officials said it would be difficult to estimate resource needs for modem freight service. Border Patrol Threat Assessment The Border Patrol says it periodically assessesthe threat posed by aliens attempting to enter the United States illegally. This enables it to adjust st&ing levels to respond to changes in threat. As a result of our review, the Border Patrol Tactical Unit, at the direction of Border Patrol headquarters, conducted a threat assessment in July 1997 to help predict the resources it would need if the SD & IV Railroad opened the Desert he. Border Patrol headquarters provided us with a copy of the draft assessment report, which had not yet been approved by headquarters as of October 23, 1997. The draft threat assessment report essentizilly confkmed that additional resources needed for reopening the rail line would be similar to those already identified and discussed in this report. SCOPE AND METHODOLOGY To obtam information on reopening the Desert Line, we interviewed a SANDAG official and SD & IV Railroad offici&, these organizations are proponents of reopening the Desert line. We also reviewed SANDAG’s March 1, 1996, Economic Feasibihtv Studv of the San Diego & Arizona Eastern Railwav. To identify the resources (personnel, equipment, and facilities) that would be needed if the Desert Line were reopened, we interviewed (1) Customs officials at headquarters, the Southern California Customs Management Center, the San Ysidro and Tecate ports of entry, and the San Diego Office of Investigations; and (2) Border Patrol officials at headquarters, the San Diego Sector, and Campo Station. These officials have responsibilities for inspection and enforcement activities at the ports of 12 GAO/GGD-9%20R Resources for Rail Line Reopening B-276886 entry and border areas where trains will enter and exit the United States_ under the proposed rail line reopening project. We requested information on estimated resource needs based on three service scenarios: current freight service, proposed basic service, and proposed modem service. Two of the three scenarios, basic and modem service, were discussed in the SANDAG Economic Feasibility Study; additional information was provided by officials from the SD & IV R&oad, which is the current n-eight operator on the SD & AE railway. As pointed out by SD & IV Railroad and agency officials, the estimates may change as the project proceeds. We also observed Customs and Border Patrol inspections of trains entering and exiting the United States at San Ysidro and accompanied Border Patrol officials on a tour of portions of the Desert Line where it closely parallels the border. We also reviewed a draft of the Border Patrol’s threat assessment of the rail line reopening. We did not verify the completeness or reasonableness of the estimates provided by Customs and Border Patrol officials. We conducted our review from March through September 1997 in accordance with generally accepted government auditing standards. AGENCY COMMENTS We requested oral comments on a draft of this letter from the Attorney General and the Secretary of the Treasury or their designees. On October 23, 1997, INS’Assistant Director, Internal Review Branch, in the Office of Internal Audit, informed us that after reviewing the draft letter, INS had one technical comment, which we incorporated as appropriate. By letter dated October 23, 1997, Customs’Director of the Office of Planning informed us that Customs reviewed the draft letter and generally agreed with our findings. 13 GAOIGGD-9%2OR Resources for Rail Line Reopening B-276886 We are also sending copies of this letter to the Attorney General, the Secretary of the Treasury; the Director, Office of Management and Budget; the Commissioner of the Immigration and Naturalization Service; the Commissioner of Customs; Representative Brian Bilbrax Representative Bob l!Ilne.r; and other interested parties. We will also make copies available to others upon request. Major contributors to this letter are listed in enclosure IV. If you have any questions about this letter, please contact me on (202) 51243777. Sincerely yours, Norman J. R&h Director, Administration of Justice Issues 14 GAO/GGD-9%20R Resources for Rail Line Reopening ENCLOSTJRGI ENCLOSURE I COST ESTIMATES FOR IMF’ROVEMENTS TO BE MADE ON SD & AJ3 RAILWAY Capital cost (1995 dollars in Service type Improvements millions) Basic Repairs to reopen Desert Line $7.9 Desert Line reliability improvements 10.9 Provide staging yard at San Ysidro 2.6 . Provide Customs inspections yards 3.2 Subtotal: basic service $24.6 Modem Modernization of Desert Line 56.2 Provide intermodal (truck-to-rail) facility 18.5 Subtotal: basic service and modemiration $99.3 Modem with Provide staging yard 3.1 additional improvements that Provide an extension of bulk facilities 3.0 may be needed Total: basic service, modernization, and additional $105.4 improvements Source: SANDAG Economic Feasibilitv Studv of the San Diego & Arizona Eastern Railwav, March 1, 1996. 15 GAO/GGD-9%20R Resonrces for Rail Line Reopening ENCLOSURE II - ENCLOSURE II RESOURCES NEEDED FOR INSPECTION STATIONS Table II-l: Resources Idenmed bv Customs and Border Patrol for San Ysidro Railroad Border hmection Station Personnel Facilities and equipment U.S. Customs U.S. Border Service U.S. Customs Service U.S. Border Patrol Service Patrol Current: 1 freight train daily, .2 inspectors for both 2 agents assigned No inspection Mobile units inbound and outbound; 11 inbound and full time to area near facilities to 17 outbound railcars; outbound train gate, but not available; exports of diverse specifically for train planned new commodiies (including crossing; since train inspection office liquid petroleum gas, grain, is controlled and space to be rolled steel, and granite inspected by provided by SD & blocks); beginning August Customs IV Railroad 27, 1997, inbound trains carried sand in 5 to 7 railcars Basic (proposed): 1 freight Minimum of 5 2 agents assigned Equipment Mobile units train daily, inbound and inspectors to include full time to area near needs include outbound; 14 to 25 raiicars; 1 supervisory train gate, but not overhead lighting, imports and exports of’ inspector, specificaliy for train pallet X-ray, and diverse commodities (liquid 1 senior inspector, crossing; no video petroleum gas, roiled steel, and additional agents surveillance/ grain, lumber, gypsum, 3 inspectors unless the number of security system beer, and lard) (including the 2 illegal aliens (see enc. III) inspectors identified discovered were to for current service ); increase and 1 canine enforcement officer for both inbound and outbound trains Source: U.S. Customs Service and U.S. Border Patrol. 16 GAO/GGD-9%20R Resources for Rail Ihe Reopening ENCLOSURE II E-NCLOSUREII Table II.2 Resources Identified bv Customs and Border Patrol for ProDosed Tecate/Camr)o Railroad Border JnsDection Station - T T Facilities and eq 3ment U.S. Customs U.S. Border Service U.S. Customs Service U.S. Border Patrol Service Patrol Basic (proposed): 1 freight For both inspection of A minimum of 2 Inspection Mobile units train daily, inbound and inbound and outbound agents to ObSeNe the facilities and outbound; 14 to 25 trains, minimum of 5 trains at Campo; a equipment railcars; imports and inspectors to include 1 minimum of 2 agents needed at exports of diverse supervisory inspector, needed at Division to Campo; railroad commodities (liquid 1 senior inspector, and observe trains as will pay for petroleum gas, rolled 3 inspectors; 1 canine they come through facilities; steel, grain, lumber, enforcement officer. tunnel into U.S. equipment, such gypsum, beer, and lard) For smuggling as X-Ray unit, activities, 4 special probes, drills, and agents and 1 off ice equipment, investigative assistant. needed (see enc. Ill); also, new office space, vehicles, and equipment needed for special agents Source: U.S. Customs Service and U.S. Border Patrol. 17 GAO/GGD-9%20R Resources for Rail Line Reopening ENCLOSURE II - ENCLOSURE It Table Il.3 Resources Identified bv Border Patrol for eastern San Diego Countv U.S. Border Patrol Service Personnel I Facilities and equipment Basic (proposed): 1 freight A minimum of 4 agents to physically Mobile units train daily along 12- to board and check the train at Jacumba, if 15mile stretch, inbound necessary; up to 10 agents to visually and outbound; 14 to 25 inspect the train between Camp0 and railcars; imports and Jacumba depending on volume of illegal exports of diverse immigrants commodities (liquid petroleum gas, roiled steel, grain, lumber, gypsum, beer, and lard). Border Patrol has limited access to about 7 or 8 miles of rail line east of Campo. Source: U.S. Border Patrol. 18 GAO/GGD-98-20R Resources for Rail Line Reopening ENCLOSURE III ENCLOSURE III INSPECTION FACILlTiES AND EQUIPMENT IDENTIFI[ED BY CUSTOMS AS NEEDED FOR SAN YSIDRO AND CAMPO/TECATE CALTFORNIA Inspection and office space Radio base stations with hand-held radios Overhead lighting Computers and laser jet printers Sidings and/or spurs segregating railcars and commodities Catwalk (for inspection of top side of railcars) Mobile hyliWcherq picker Bobcat for unloading railcars for enforcement purposes Full railcar X-ray (currently not available, being tested) Pallet X-ray with conveyors Full set of probes Full set of*pry/cheater bars Emergency generator Portable lighting system Compressor with full set of nonsparking pneumatic tools Fully loaded mechanic’s tool box Fiber optic system (mobile battery-powered type with flex and fixed wand) High-power heavy duty buster Bulk inspection area where hopper cars can be unloaded, inspected, and reloaded 19 GAO/GGD-98-20R Resources for Rail Line Reopening ENCLOSURE III - ENCLOSURE ID l Global positiomng system and transponders to track rail vehicles while in transit through Mexko, including all associated hardware and software-(currently not available, being tested) l Safety items, which include: l intercom/public address system * video surveillance/security system with remote and zoom capabilities l monitor base station for video cameras w&h reaxding capability l utility four-wheel-drive vehicle l Of&e fun&we for main inspection building l Radiation detection equipment (for hazardous materials inspection) l Ventilation equipment (for hazardous material inspections) Source: U.S. Customs Service, Southern California Customs Management Center. 20 GAOIGGD-98-20R Resources for Rail Line Reopening ENCLOSURE IV ENCLOSURE IV MAJOR CONTRIBUTORSTO THIS CORRESPONDENCE- - GENERAL GOVERNMENT DIVISION. 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Customs and Border Patrol: Resources Needed for Reopening Rail Line From Mexico-U.S. Border Into the United States
Published by the Government Accountability Office on 1997-11-05.
Below is a raw (and likely hideous) rendition of the original report. (PDF)