oversight

National Service Programs: Enrollment and Education Award Data on Selected AmeriCorps Projects

Published by the Government Accountability Office on 1997-03-19.

Below is a raw (and likely hideous) rendition of the original report. (PDF)

United States
General Aceounthg Of!!lce
Wasbh@ton, D.C. 20548

Health, Education, and
HnmrunS~cesDMsion


B-276474

March 19, 1997
The Honorable Christopher S. Bond
Chairman, Subcommittee on VA, HUD,
 and Independent Agencies
Committee on Appropriations
United States Senate
The Honorable Charles E. Grassley
United States Senate
Subject:   National Service Pro%nns: Enrollment and Education Award Data on
           Selected AmeriCorns Proiects

Last month, we issued a report on AmeriCorps state commissions as mandated
by the Omnibus Consolidated Rescissionsand Appropriations Act of 1996 (P.L.
104134).’ The report provided information on (1) the statutory role of state
commissions; (2) state commission operations, including project level outputs
from 24 national service projects within their purview, such as participant
enrollment, attrition, and education award usage;and (3) extending state
commissions’ administrative and oversight role over AmeriCorps and
correspondingly decreasing the federal government’s role. In summary, we
found that
- the national service statute emphasizedstate control over AmeriCorps,

- commission   budgets and staffing, and project outputs varied considerably, and
- state and federal officials agreed on the need for a federal role, but differed on
  the degree of state control.




‘National Service Programs: Role of State Commissionsin bnnlementing the
AmeriCoros Program (GAO/HEHS-97-49,Feb. 20, 1997).
                                  GAO/HEHS-97-96R   Supplemental   AmeriCorps   Project   Data


                         ~~36y~
                                                                                -.
B-276474
This correspondence responds to your request for supplemental information on
the report on AmeriCorps’ state commissions. Specifically, you asked us, for the
aforementioned 24 AmeriCorps projects, to (1) distinguish between full- and part-
time participants for enrollment, attrition, and education award usage counts,
expressing enrollment and attrition figures in full-time equivalency; (2) determine
the number of participants whose education award eligibility is pending review
or service completion; and (3) distinguish between the number of participants
who earned a full or prorated share of an education award. This information is
provided in the two enclosures and pertains to the 199496 program year.
Enclosure 1 presents the enrollment and attrition data on a full-tie, part-time,
and full-time equivalent basis. Enclosure 2 shows the following data:
- Total awards earned: education awards earned by full- and part-time
  participants2
- Full awards: education awards earned by full- and part-time participants who
  received the maximum value of an award for completing their entire terms of
  service.
- Prorated awards: education awards earned by full- and part-time participants
  who did not complete an entire term of service because of compelling personal
  circumstances and received a reduced award amount based on service time
  completed.3
- Ineligible for award participants who (1) did not complete their terms of
  service and failed to earn an education award or who (2) completed their
  service and opted to receive a non-federally subsidized cash award instead of
  an education award.
- Awards nendinq: education awards assignedto (1) participants who are still
  working toward completing their terms of service or (2) participants for whom



2Participants can earn an education award up to $4,726for full-time service or
half that amount for part-time service. A minimum of 1,700hours of service
within a year is required to earn the fu.Uaward. To earn a part-time award, a
participant must perform 900 hours of community service within 2 years (or
within 3 years in the case of full-tune college students).
%rticipants can earn pro-rated education awards when they are released from
service for compelling personal circumstances,such as illness or critical family
matters, and have served at least 16 percent of their service term.

2                                GAO/EIEHS-97-96R   Supplemental   AmeriCorpa        Project   Data
B-276474
    the Corporation for National and Community Service has not received
    certification of service completion.
- Awards accessed: education awards used by participants to make payments to
  qualified postsecondary institutions or student loan lenders.4
                                      ---a




We hope this information provides the additional perspective you requested. We
will make copies of this correspondenceavailable to other interested parties.
Please call me at (202) 612-7014or Jeff Appel at (617) 6657613 if you or your
staff have any questions.



Cornelia M. Blanchette
Associate Director, Education
 and Employment Issues
Enclosures - 2




4Participants must use their education awards within 7 years after they have
completed their service.
3                               GAO/HEHS-97-96R   Supplemental   AmeriCorps   Project   Data
ENCLOSURE1                                                                                  ENCLOSURE 1
 SELECTED AMERICORPS PROJECT ENROLLMENT AND A-ITRITION INFORMATION FOR THE
                           1994-95 PROGRAM YEAR


                         Enrollment                                     Ended service early
                                                                                           For compelling
                                                           Total             For           personal
    Type                                   Number          released          causea        reasons
                                                California
    Bay Area Youth Agency Consortium AmeriCorps Project
    Full-time                                     54                   13             10                3
    Part-time                                       6                   0             0                 0
    Full-time equivalent                          57                   13             10                3
    Building       Up Los Angeles
    Full-time                                     99                   36b            22               13
    Part-time                                     26                    7              4                3
    Full-time equivalent                         112                  39.5            24             14.5
    California Conservation         Corps AmeriCorps
       Full-time                                  78                   33             10               23
    Part-time                                       57                 10              4                6
       Full-time equivalent                     106.5                  38             12               26
       East Bay Conservation    Corps AmeriCorps Collaborative
       Full-time                                 143                   70             41               29
       Part-time                                    26                   6             6                0
       Full-time equivalent                       156                   73            44               29
                                                 Maryland
       Appalachian    Service Through Action and Resources
       Full-time                                    32                   9             8                    1
       Part-time                                       0                 0             0                    a
       Full-time equivalent                         32                   9             8                    1




   4                                           GAOIFIEHS-97.96R        Supplemental   AmeriCorpa   Project Data
ENCLOSURE1                                                                                   ENCLOSURE1

                         Enrollment                                    Ended service early
                                                                                           For compelling
                                                         Total             For             personal
      Type                                  Number       released          cause”          reasons
      United Youth Corps of Maryland
      Full-time                                   128                 50             45                     5
      Part-time                                      0                 0              0                     0
      Full-time equivalent                        128                 50             45                     5
      Enhancing Neighborhood          Action by Local Empowerment
      Full-time                                    24                 10              5                     5
      Part-time                                      0                 0              0                     0
      Full-time equivalent                         24                 10              5                     5
      Maryland Students Taking Responsibility        for Tomorrow
      Full-time                                      5                 1              0                     1
      Part-time                                    28                  2              1                     1
      Full-time equivalent                         19                  2            0.5                 1.5
                                                 Missouri
      St. Louis Partners for Service
      Full-time                                    31                  7              3                     4
      Part-time                                      0                0               0                     0
      Full-time equivalent                         31                 7               3                     4
      Grace Hill AmeriCorps    RiverFront Trail Project
      Full-time                                    20                 6               4                     2
      Part-time                                    18                 9               9                     0
      Full-time equivalent                         29               10.5            8.5                     2
      Southeast Missouri Partnership for Community          Service
      Full-time                                    23                 10             7                      3
      Part-time                                    18                 13            13                      0
      Full-time equivalent                         32               16.5           13.5                     3



  5                                           GAOII-IRHS-97-96R     Supplemental     AmeriCorps   Project       Data
ENCLOSURE1                                                                              ENCLOSURE1

                         Enrollment                                Ended service early
                                                                                      For compelling
                                                       Total            For           personal
       rype                              Number        released         cause”        reasons
       Come as You Are Project
       Qll-time                                 12                 7             2                   5
       Part-time                                28                14             10                  4
       Full-time equivalent                     26                14             7                       7
                                            Rhode Island
       Leadership, Education and Service Enterprise
       Full-time                                16                 6             6                       0
       Part-time                                  9                4             2                   2
       Full-time equivalent                   20.5                 0             7                       1
       City Year, Rhode Island
       Full-time                                  85              17             17                      0
       Part-time                                  0                0             0                       0
       Full-time equivalent                       85              17             17                      0
                                                Texas
       Casa Verde Builders Program
       Full-time                                  64              38             37                      1
       Part-time                                   0               0              0                      0
       Full-time equivalent                       64              38             37                      1
       Making Connections     for Children and Youth
       Full-time                                  28              11              6                      5
       Part-time                                  22              10              8                      2
       Full-time equivalent                       39              16             10                      6
       Serve Houston Youth Corps
       Full-time                                  64              18              8                  ia
       Part-time                                   0                0             0                      C
       Full-time equivalent                       64              18              8                  1c

   6                                        GAO/ElJZHS-97.96R     Supplemental    AmeriCorps   Project       Data
ENCLOSURE1                                                                            ENCLOSURE1

                      Enrollment                                  Ended service early
                                                                                    For compelling
                                                   Total              For           personal
   Type                               Number       released           causea        reasons
   Parenting Education Project
   Full-time                                 51                 21             10                        11
   Part-time                                 IO                  0              0                         0
   Full-time equivalent                      56                 21             10                        11
                                            Virginia
   Virginia Commonwealth      University AmeriCorps
   Full-time                                   4                 2              2                         0
   Part-time                                 33                 15             14                         1
   Full-time equivalent                    20.5                9.5              9                    0.5
   Service to Alexandria
   Full-time                                 21                 20              3                        17
   Part-time                                   0                 0              0                        0
   Full-time equivalent                      21                 20              3                        17
                                         Washington
   AmeriCorps Youth in Service
   Full-time                                 19                  5              4                         1
   Part-time                                 24                  4              3          \             I
   Full-time equivalent                      31                  7            5.5                    1.5
   Spokane Service Team
   Full-time                                 33                 19              4                    15
   Part-time                                   0                 0              0                        0
   Full-time equivalent                      33                 19              4                    15
   Washington    AmeriCorps
   Full-time                               322                 94              69                    25
   Part-time                                 28                  7              4                        3
   Full-time equivalent                    336                97.5             71                  26.5

                                        GAO/JIEHS-97-96R       Supplemental    AmeriCoqm       Project        Data
ENCLOSTJRE1                                                                               ENCLOftiXJRE1

                        Enrollment                                   Ended service early

                                                        r
    .r
     Educational   Consewation       Corps
     Full-time                                     97               41 I           37 I                        4
     Part-time                           I          0                01             01                         0
     Full-time eauivalent                I         97               41 1           37 I                        4

   “Participants may be released for cause for a variety of reasons, including being convicted of a
   felony, chronic truancy, or consistent failure to follow directions. In addition, participants released
   for cause may include those who leave a project early to take advantage of significant
   opportunities for personal development or growth, such as educational or professional
   advancement.

   bA total of 36 participants ended service early; however, 1 could not be classified as leaving “for
   cause” or “compelling personal circumstances” based on available data.




                                                                                                 .                        .-
                                                                                                                               :




    8                                          GAO/J3EHS-97-96R     Supplemental    AmeriCorps       Project       Dada
ENCLOSURE2                                                                                         ENCLOSURE2
     SELECTED AMERICORPS PROJECT EDUCATION AWARD INFORMATION FOR THE 199695
                                 PROGRAM YEAR


                                       Awards earned                       Awards unearned
                       Total
                       awards           Full            Pro-rated       Ineligible       Awards         Awards
    Enrollment type    earned           awards          awards          for award        pending        accesseda
                                                      California
    Bay Area Youth Agency Consortium          AmeriCorps Project
    Full-time                     44             41                 3                7             3               19
    Part-time                      6              6                 0                0             0                 1
    Building    Up Los Angeles
    Full-time                     66             53                13            22             11                 23
    Part-time                     21             18                 3                4             1                6
    California Conservation      Corps AmeriCorps
    Full-time                     64             41                23            11                3               21
    Part-time                     51             45                 6                4             2                8
    East Bay Conservation     Corps AmeriCorps Collaborative
    Full-time                     98             69                29            41                4               52
    Part-time                     20             20                 0                6             0               12
                                                      Maryland
    Appalachian    Service Through Action and Resources
    Full-time                    22              21                 1                8             2               13
    Part-time                      0              0                 0                0             0                0
    United Youth Corps of Maryland
    Full-time                    66              61                 5            45             17                 35
    Part-time                      0              0                 0                0             0                0
    Enhancing Neighborhood        Action by Local Empowerment
    Full-time                     19             14                 5                5             0               10
    Part-time                      0              0                 0                0             0                0




9                                                 GAO/HEHS-97-96R         Supplemental     AmeriCorps    Project   Data
ENCLOSURE2                                                                                     ENCLOSURE2

                                 Awards earned                       Awards unearned
                   Total
                   awards         Full            Pro-rated       Ineligible        Awards          Awards
 Enrollment type   earned         awards          awards          for award         pending         accessed’
 Maryland Students Taking Responsibility        for Tomorrow
 Full-time                   3             2                  1                0              2                 2
 Part-time                   9              8                 1                1              18                7
                                                 Missouri
 St. Louis Partners for Service
 Full-time                  28             24                 4                3               0                19
 Part-time                   0              0                 0                0               0                0
 Grace Hill AmeriCorps RiverFront Trail Project
 Full-time                  13             11                 2                7               0                3
 Part-time                   9              9                 0                9               0                2
 Southeast Missouri Partnership for Community          Service
 Full-time                  16             13                 3                7               0                11
 Part-time                   5              5                 0            13                  0                4
 Come as You Are Project
 Full-time                  10              5                 5                2               0                 7
 Part-time                  18             14                 4                10              0                 9
                                            Rhode Island
 Leadership, Education and Sewice Enterprise
 Full-time                  10             10                 0                6               0                 7
 Part-time                   7              5                 2                 2              0                 3
 City Year, Rhode Island
 Full-time                  47             47                 0                22             16                26
 Part-time                   0              0                 0                 0              0                 0




10                                              GAO/HEHS-97-96R      Supplemental      AmeriCorps     Project   Data
ENCLOSURE2                                                                                    ENCLOSTJREB

                                   Awards earned                      Awards unearned
                   Total
                   awards           Full           Pro-rated       Ineligible       Awards        Awards
 Enrollment type   earned           awards         awards          for award        pending       accessed=
                                                   Texas
 Casa Verde Builders Program
 Full-time                   23              22                1            37                4                4
 Part-time                     0              0                0                0             0                0
 Making Connections      for Children and Youth
 Full-time                   22              17                5                6             0              14
 Part-time                    13             11                2                8             1                5
 Serve Houston Youth Corps
 Full-time                   56              46              10                 8             0              33
 Part-time                     0              0                0                0             0               0
 Parenting Education     Project
 Full-time                   40              29              11             10                1              13
 Part-time                   10              10                0                0             0               5
                                                  Virginia
 Virginia Commonwealth      University AmeriCorps
 Full-time                    2               2                0                2             0               1
 Part-time                   19              18                1            14                0              12
 Service to Alexandria
 Full-time                   17               0              17                 3             1               3
 Part-time                    0               0                0                0             0               0
                                              Washington
 AmeriCorps   Youth in Service
 Full-time                   15              14                1                4             0              13
 Part-time                   21              20                1                3             0              15




11                                            GAOMEHS-97-96R         Supplemental    AmeriCorps    Project   Data
ENCLOSTJRE2                                                                                         ENCLOSURE2

                                     Awards earned                        Awards unearned
                    Total
                    awards            Full             Pro-rated       Ineligible        Awards          Awards
 Enrollment type    earned            awards           awards          for award         pending         accessed=
 Spokane Service Team
 Full-time                     28               13              15                  4               1                 7
  Part-time                      0               0                 0                0               0                  0
 Washington     AmeriCorps
  Full-time                    232             207              25              69                 21                126
  Part-time                     22              19                 3                4               2                 11
  Educational   Conservation     Corps
  Full-time                     58              54                 4            39                  0                20
  Part-time                      0               0                 0                0               0                  0

‘“Awards accessed” represents the number of participants who have chosen to have payments made, in
any amount up to and including their entire balance, to qualified postsecondary institutions or student
loan lenders, or both, from their education award monies earned and held in trust by the U.S. Treasury.




                                                     GAO/EEHS-97-96R      Supplemental      AmeriCorpa     Project    Data
                                                    .




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