oversight

Youth Mentoring Programs: Fiscal Year 1998

Published by the Government Accountability Office on 1999-05-28.

Below is a raw (and likely hideous) rendition of the original report. (PDF)

      United States

GAO   General Accounting
      Washington,
                           Office
                    D.C. 20548

      Health, Education, and
      Human Services Division
      B-282464


      May 28,1999



      The Honorable John McCain
      Chairman, Committee on Commerce,
       Science, and Transportation
      United States Senate

      Subject: Youth Mentorina Programs: Fiscal Year 1998

      Dear Senator McCaim

      The Congress has created numerous federal programs to address the needs
      of at-risk and delinquent youths.’ In our March 1999 correspondence, we
      reported that 15 federal departments and agencies administered 117
      programs that included components targeted for at-risk and delinquent
      youths.*

      As a follow-up to our March correspondence, you asked us to identify from
      the 117 at-risk and delinquent youth federal programs those that include
      mentoring as a type of service; that is, programs that include using adult role
      models to assist youths in career or educational planning and to provide
      encouragement and motivation. Specifically, you asked us to (1) list the at-
      risk and delinquent youth programs that included mentoring as a type of
      service, (2) determine who administers the programs, (3) provide the
      objectives of the programs, and (4) cite the authorizing legislation for the
      programs. We used the Catalogue of Federal Domestic Assistance as the
      primary source of program information to respond to your inquiry. We
      independently verified legal citations by researching the U.S. Code and
      public laws.

      ‘The term “at risk” can have different meanings in different contexts. We use
      the term in a broad senseto refer to youths who, becauseof certain
      characteristicsor experiences,are statistically more likely than other youths to
      encounterlegal, social, financial, educational, emotional, and health problems in
      the future.
      2SeeAt-Risk and Delinquent Youths: Fiscal Year 1998 Promams (GAOEIEHS-
      99-88R, Mar. 30, 1999).


       1                        GAO/HEHS-99-129R      Youth   Mentoring    Programs
B-282464


In summary, federal agencies fund numerous programs that make mentoring
services available for at-risk and delinquent youths. In fiscal year 1998,45 of
the 117 programs that received funding for at-risk or delinquent youth
components included mentoring services, according to agency officials.”
These 45 programs are administered by 10 agencies. The Department of
Health and Human Services (HHS), the Department of Justice, and the
Corporation for National and Community Service administered 31, or 69
percent, of these programs. (See fig. 1.)

Figure 1: Number of Federal Programs That Provide Mentoring Services, bv
Agencv




In many of these programs, mentoring is only a small part of the program.
The two programs that included mentors or mentoring in their program
objectives are in the Department of Justice and HHS. Information on the
administering agencies and legislative authorizations for the 45 mentoring
programs is included in the enclosure.


3An agency official told us during this review that one of the programs that
previously listed mentoring as a type of service in our March correspondence
(GAO/ HEHS-99-88R) does not offer mentoring as a type of service.


 2                     GAOIHEHS-99-129R        Youth Mentoring      Programs
B-282464

AGENCY COMMENTS

We provided officials at each of the 10 departments and agencies an
opportunity to verify the program data they provided to us. Some
program officials provided technical comments on the data, which we
incorporated as appropriate.

If you have &-ty questions about this correspondence, please call me or Larry
Horinko, Assistant Director, at (202) 512-7014. Ben Jordan was also a major
contributor to this correspondence.

Sincerely yours,




Marnie Shaul
Associate Director, Education,
 Workforce, and Income Security Issues

Enclosure




3                    GAO/HEHS-99-129R       Youth Mentoring    Programs
ENCLOSURE                                                                       ENCLOSURE

DESCRIPTION OF FEDERAL PROGRAMS FOR AT-RISK AND DELINQUENT YOUTHS
        THAT INCLUDED MENTORING SERVICES IN FISCAL YEAR 1998

This enclosure describes the program objectives, administering agency and office, and
the legislative authorization for each of the 45 federal at-risk and delinquent youth
programs that included mentoring services in fiscal year 1998. We used the Catalogue
of Federal Domestic Assistance as the primary source of program information. We
independently verified legal citations by researching the U.S. Code and public laws.

Corporation   for National     and Communitv          Service

AmeriCorps                   Objective: To address pressing education, public safety, human,
                             and environmental needs of our Nation’s communities by
                             encouraging Americans to serve either part time or full time.

                             Administering       agency: Corporation for National and
                             Community Service

                             Legislative     authorization:  National and Community Service
                             Trust Act of 1993,title I; P.L. 103-82;42 U.S.C. 12571

Foster Grandparent           Objective:  To (1) provide part-time volunteer service
Program                      opportunities for income-eligible persons aged 60 and older and
                             (2) give supportive person-to-person service in health, education,
                             human services, and related settings to help address the physical,
                             mental, and emotional needs of infants, children, or youths
                             having special or exceptional needs.

                             Administering       agency: Corporation for National and
                             Community Service

                             Legislative     authorization: Domestic Volunteer Service Act of
                             1973, as amended, title II, part B, section 211; P.L. 93-113; 42
                             U.S.C. 5011

Learn and Serve              Objective:   To support high-quality service learning projects that
America                      engage students in meeting community needs with demonstrable          .
                             results while enhancing students’ academic and civic learning,
                             and to support efforts to build capacity and strengthen the
                             service infrastructure with institutions of higher education.

                             Administering       agency: Corporation for National and
                             Community Service

                             Legislative  authorization:     National and Community Service
                             Trust Act of 1993,title I; P.L. 103-82;42 U.S.C. 12561



                                 GAOIHEHS-99-129R             Youth Mentoring    Programs
ENCLOSURE                                                                           ENCLOSURE

Retired and Senior             Objective: To provide a variety of opportunities for retired
Volunteer Program              persons aged 55 or older to serve their community through
                               significant volunteer service.

                               Administering       agency: Corporation for National and
                               Communi~ Service

                               Legislative authorization:     Domestic Volunteer Service Act of
                               1973, as amended, title II, part A, section 201; P.L. 93-113;42
                               U.S.C. 5001

Volunteers in Service          Objective:To supplement efforts of private, nonprofit
to America                  organizations and federal, state, and local government agencies
(AmeriCorps*VISTA)          to eliminate poverty and poverty-related problems by enabling
                            persons from all walks of life and all age groups to perform
                           ‘meaningful and constructive services as volunteers.

                           Administering           agency: Corporation for National and
                               Community Service

                           Legislative     authorization:     Domestic Volunteer Service Act of
                               1973, as amended, title I, part A; P.L. 93-113; 42 U.S.C. 4951

Deuartment    of Agriculture

4-H Youth                  Objective:  To develop youths’ potential by assisting them in
Development                acquiring knowledge, developing life skills, and forming attitudes
Education                  that enable them to become self-directing, productive, and
                           contributing members of society.

                           Administering           agency: Cooperative State Research, Education
                           and Extension Service

                           Legislative         authorization:      Smith-Lever Act, section 2, as
                           amended; 7 U.S.C. 342




                                 GAO/HEHS-99-129R               Youth   Mentoring    Programs
ENCLOSURE                                                                         ENCLOSURE

Children, Youth,     and     Objective:     To ensure that (1) communities provide safe, secure
Families at Risk             environments for families with children; (2) families promote
Initiative                   positive, productive, and contributing lives for all family
                             members; (3) parents take primary responsibility for meeting
                             their children’s physical, social, emotional, and intellectual needs
                             and provide moral guidance and direction; (4) youths
                             demonstrate knowledge, skills, attitudes, and behavior necessary
                             for fulfilling, contributing lives; (5) babies are born healthy; and
                             (6) children have their basic physical, social, emotional, and
                             intellectual needs met.

                             Administering       agency: Cooperative State Research, Education
                             and Extension Service

                             Legislative     authorization:     Smith-Lever Act, section 2, as
                             amended; 7 U.S.C. 342

Denartment     of Defense.    U.S. National      Guard

Challenge    Youth           Objective:  To improve the life skills and employment potential
Program                      of youths who drop out of secondary school through military-
                             based training, including supervised work experience in
                             community service, and conservation projects.

                             Administering       agency: U.S. National Guard Bureau

                             Legislative  authorization:        P.L. 10585; div. A, title X, subtitle G;
                             32 U.S.C. 509

STARBASE      Program        Objective: To provide education and training in science,
                             mathematics, and technology for the purpose of improving
                             mathematics and scientific knowledge and skills of at-risk
                             elementary and secondary school students.

                             Administering       agency: U.S. National Guard Bureau

                             Legislative     authorization:      P.L. 101-550;10 U.S.C. 219313




 6                               GAOAEHS-99-129R              Youth   Mentoring     Programs
ENCLOSURE                                                                    ENCLOSURE

DeDartment        of Education

Safe and Drug-Free               Objective:   To support programs to meet the National Education
Schools and                      Goal that, by the year 2000, every school in the United States will
Communities   State              be free of drugs, violence, and the unauthorized presence of
Grants                           firearms and alcohol.

                                 Administering    agency: Office of Elementary and Secondary
                                 Education

                                 Legislative  authorization:    Elementary and Secondary
                                 aducation Act, title IV, part A, subpart 1, as amended; P.L. 103-
                                 382; 20 U.S.C. 7111-7118

Talent   Search                  Objective:   To identify disadvantaged youths with potential for
                                 postsecondary education, encourage them in continuing in and
                                 graduating from secondary school and enrolling in programs of
                                 postsecondary education, publicize the availability of student
                                 financial aid, and increase the number of secondary and
                                 postsecondary school dropouts who reenter an education
                                 program.

                             Administering       agency: Office of Assistant Secretary for
                                 Postsecondary Education

                                 Legislative   authorization:  Higher Education Act of 1965, title
                                 IV, part A, subpart 2, as amended; P.L. 102-325;20 U.S.C. 107Oa-12

Upward   Bound                            To generate skills and motivation necessary for
                                 Objective:
                             success in education beyond high school among low-income and
                             potential first-generation college students and veterans. The goal
                             of the program is to increase the academic performance and
                             motivational levels of eligible enrollees so that such persons may
                             complete secondary school and successfully pursue
                             postsecondary education programs.

                             Administering       agency: Office of Assistant Secretary for
                             Postsecondary Education

                             Legislative   authorization:  Higher Education Act of 1965, title
                             IV, part A, subpart 2, as amended; P.L. 102-325;20 U.S.C. 107Oa-13




                                   GAOAEHS-9%129R          Youth Mentoring     Programs
ENCLOSURE                                                             ENCLOSURE

Department   of Health   and Human Services

Adolescent   Family      Objective: To establish innovative, comprehensive, and
Life Research Grants     integrated approaches to the delivery of care and services for
                         pregnant and parenting adolescents with a primary emphasis km
                         adolescents. To promote abstinence from sexual relations
                         through provision of age-appropriate education on sexuality and
                         decisionmaking skills as the most effective method of preventing
                         adolescent pregnancy and avoiding sexually transmitted diseases.

                         Administering     agency: Office of Public Health and Science,
                         Office of the Secretary

                         Legislative authorization:   Public Health Service Act, title XX,
                         section 2008; P.L. 97-35;42 U.S.C. 3002-7

Community    Health      Objective: To support the development and operation of
Centers                  community health centers that provide preventive and primary
                         health care services, supplemental health and support services,
                         and environmental health services to medically underserved
                         areas and populations.

                         Administering     agency: Health Resources and Services
                          Administration

                          Legislative authorization:  Public Health Service Act, section
                          330, as amended; P.L. 104-299;42 U.S.C. 254~

Cooperative               Objective:   To support program strategies on (1) a youth-only
Agreements:   High-       model where interventions include academic support, tutorial
Risk Youth Project        assistance, individual and group counseling, conflict resolution,
Youth Connect             problem solving, peer resistance behavior, violence prevention
                          activities, substance abuse prevention, alternative and
                          recreational activities, and community service activities and (2) a
                          youth and family model that includes the interventions from the
                          youth-only model as well as a family component that includes
                          parent effectiveness training, parent support groups, family
                          bonding activities (picnics, family outings), support to parents in
                          conducting school conferences, and support to other siblings in
                          the family. The program also funded 15 high-risk youth
                          mentoring study sites to test the effectiveness of mentoring
                          advocacy programs as a whole and the level of increased
                          effectiveness in worting with youth and the family system.

                          Administering   agency: Substance Abuse and Mental Health
                          Services Administration, Center for Substance Abuse Prevention



8                            GAO/HEHS-99-129R       Youth Mentoring     Programs
ENCLOSURE                                                                 ENCLOSURE

                       Legislative     authorization:Public Health Service Act, as
                       amended, title V; 42 U.S.C. 29Oaa(d)

Cooperative            Objective:  To determine whether the provision of
Agreements:            comprehensive substance abuse prevention interventions
Parenting              directed at adolescent parents positively effect specific outcomes
Adolescents            (alcohol, tobacco, and drug use; academic performance;
                       subsequent pregnancies; and parenting and life skills).

                       Administering   agency: Substance Abuse and Mental Health
                       Services Administration, Center for Substance Abuse Prevention

                       Legislative  authorization:   Public Health Service Act, as
                       amended, title V; 42 U.S.C. 29Oaa(d)

Cooperative            Objective:   To support the targeted reduction of alcohol,
Agreements:  State     tobacco, and illicit drug use by 1% to 17-year-olds. The focus on
Incentive Grants       reducing use of these substances by youths is also linked to many
                       long-term, health-related outcomes, including reductions in
                       juvenile delinquency, teen pregnancy, violence, and crime.

                       Administering       agency: Substance Abuse and Mental Health
                       Services Administration, Center for Substance Abuse Prevention

                       Legislative  authorization:   Public Health Service Act, as
                       amended, title V, 42 U.S.C. 29Oaa(d)

Cooperative            Objective: To generate and apply empirical knowledge about the
Agreements:    Women   development of an integrated systems approach and the
and Violence           effectiveness of this approach, including the appropriate blend of
                       services intervention, for women with co-occurring disorders and
                       their children.

                       Administering       agency: Substance Abuse and Mental Health
                       Services Administration, Center for Substance Abuse Prevention
                       and Center for Mental Health Services

                       Legislative  authorization:   Public Health Service Act, as
                       amended, title V, 42 U.S.C. 29Oaa(d)

Demonstration          Objective: To fund projects that develop innovative prevention,
Programs for High-     intervention, and treatment programs for youths at risk of using
Risk Youths            alcohol, tobacco, or illicit drugs.

                       Administering       agency: Substance Abuse and Mental Health
                       Services Administration, Center for Substance Abuse Prevention



                          GAO/EEHS-99-129R              Youth Mentoring    Programs
ENCLOSURE                                                              ENCLOSURE

                        Legislative                 Public Health Service Act, title V,
                                        authorization:
                        section 517, as amended; P.L. 99-570; 42 U.S.C. 290bb-23

Family Preservation     Objective:  To fund community-based family support services
and Support Services    that promote the safety and well-being of children and families by
                        enhancing family functioning and child development, and to fund
                        family preservation services that serve families at risk or in crisis,
                        including the following services: reunification and adoption
                        services, preplacement and preventive services, follow-up
                        services after return of a child from foster care, respite care, and
                        services designed to improve parenting skills.

                        Administering       agency: Administration for Children and
                        Families

                        Legislative    authorization:   Social Security Act, as amended,
                        title IV, part B, subpart 2, sections 420-35; 42 U.S.C. 620-629e

Comprehensive           Objective:  To provide community-based systems of care for
Community    Mental     children and adolescents with a serious emotional disturbance
Health Services for     and their families.
Children with
Serious Emotional       Administering   agency Substance Abuse and Mental Health
Disturbances            Services Administration, Center for Mental Health Services

                        Legislative   authorization: Public Health Service Act, title V,
                        part E, section 561, as amended; P.L. 102-321;42 U.S.C. 290ff

Independent    Living   Objective:  To assist states and localities in establishing and
                        carrying out programs designed to assist youths aged 16 and
                        older to make the transition from foster care to independent
                        living.

                        Administering       agency: Administration for Children and
                        Families

                        Legislative  authorization: Social Security Act, title IV-E,
                        section 477, as amended, added by P.L. 99-272, section 12307(a);
                        42 U.S.C. 677

Job Opportunities       Objective: To promote the ability of welfare recipients and other
for Low-Income          low-income individuals and families to become financially self-
Individuals             sufficient by awarding grants to certain nonprofit organizations
                        and community development corporations that will create new
                        employment and business opportunities.

                        Administering        agency: Administration for Children and


 10                          GAO/HEHS-99-129R            Youth Mentoring   Programs
ENCLOSURE                                                           ENCLOSURE

                       Families, Office of Community Services

                       Legislative authorization:  Family Support Act, title V section
                       505, as amended, P.L 100-485;42 U.S.C. 9926

Managed Care:          Objective: To (1) study the impact of managed care on utilization,
Adolescents   (Youth   outcomes, and costs for substance abuse treatment of adolescents
at Risk for Problem    and achieve widespread dissemination of these findings within the
Behaviors)             substance abuse and managed care fields; (2) examine specific
                       impacts within subpopulations, such as racial and ethnic
                       minorities and adolescents involved with the criminal justice
                       system, and their access to services and outcomes under managed
                       care systems; (3) share the results of the study with managed care
                       and substance abuse professionals and stakeholders to enable
                       managed care entities to appropriately expand their capacity to
                       effectively treat the growing number of adolescents with
                       substance abuse problems.

                       Administering   agency: Substance Abuse and Mental Health
                       Services Administration, Center for Substance Abuse Prevention

                       Legislative  authorization:   Public Health Service Act, as
                       amended, title V; 42 U.S.C. 29Oaa(d)(5)

Maternal and Child     Objective:   To carry out special maternal and child health
Health Federal         projects of regional and national significance; to conduct training
Consolidated           and research; to conduct genetic disease testing, counseling, and
Programs: Special      information development and dissemination programs; and to
Projects of Regional   support comprehensive hemophilia diagnostic and treatment
and National           centers.
Significance
                       Administering    agency: Health Resources and Services
                       Administration

                       Legislative  authorization:  Social Security Act, title V, section
                       502(a)(l), as amended; P.L. 97-35; 42 U.S.C. 702(a)(l)

National Youth         Objective:   To provide low-income youths aged 10 to 16 with a
Sports Program         summer of supervised sports instruction and enrichment
                       activities on participating college and university campuses across
                       the country. The primary goal of the program is to motivate
                       disadvantaged youths to earn and learn self-respect through a
                       program of sports instruction and competition.

                       Administering    agency: Administration for Children and
                       Families, Office of Community Services



11                         GAO/HEHS-99-129R       Youth Mentoring      Programs
ENCLOSURE                                                                 ENCLOSURE

                           Legislative  authorization: Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act
                           of 1981,42 U.S.C. 991Oc;rescinded by P.L. 105285, section 201,
                           Oct. 27, 1988

Native American            Objective:   To support the development of mental health service
Children (Circles     of   delivery models that are designed by American Indian and
Care Grants)               Alaskan Native communities to achieve outcomes for their
                           children that they choose for themselves. Formulation and
                           evaluation of programs that are based directly on the needs,
                           values, and principles of the grantee organizations will provide an
                           information base for other programs interested in structuring
                           culturally relevant children’s mental health service systems.

                           Administering   agency: Substance Abuse and Mental Health
                           Services Administration, Center for Mental Health Services

                           Legislative  authorization:   Public Health Service Act, as
                           amended, title V, 42 U.S.C. 29Oaa(d)

Runaway and                Objective:   To provide grants for (1) establishing and operating
Homeless Youth             local runaway and homeless youth centers that provide services
                           for the immediate needs of runaway and homeless youths and
                           their families, in a manner that is outside the law enforcement
                           system, the child welfare system, the mental health system, and
                           the juvenile justice system; (2) establishing and operating local
                           transitional living centers for homeless youths to provide
                           services that address the longer-term needs of homeless youths
                           aged 16 to 21; (3) developing a national communication system to
                           assist runaway and homeless youths communicate with their
                           families and service providers; (4) providing technical assistance
                           and training; and (5) supporting research, demonstration, and
                            service projects.

                           Administering       agency: Administration for Children and
                           Families

                           Legislative     authorization:     Runaway and Homeless Youth Act;
                           P.L. 103-222;42 U.S.C. 5712d

Southwest    Border        Objective:   To strengthen antidrug efforts along the US. and
Initiative                 Mexico border leading to involvement and participation in
                           prevention and treatment by diverse organizations and
                           individuals in the region, including civic organizations,
                           community coalitions, employers, and the faith community. As
                           part of the initiative, the Center for Substance Abuse Prevention
                           supported grants to the four border states: Arizona, California,
                           New Mexico, and Texas. These state grants are designed to


12                              GAO/HEHS-99-129R            Youth Mentoring   Programs
ENCLOSURE                                                                    ENCLOSURE

                          improve and increase the delivery of community-based
                          prevention and treatment services and programs to border
                          youths and their parents and families. In fiscal year 1998,the
                          center expanded the initiative to include a regional Center for the
                          Application of Prevention Technology focused on prevention
                          efforts at the U.S. and Mexico border, which will use the
                          knowledge developed from these state grants and other
                          prevention projects to develop technical assistance packages
                          tailored to the needs of the border community.

                          Administering   agency: Substance Abuse and Mental Health
                          Services Administration, Center for Substance Abuse Prevention

                          Legislative     authorization:Public Health Service Act, as
                          amended, title V, 42 U.S.C. 29Oaa(d)

Department   of Housing   and Urban Development

Youthbnild                Objective:    To provide funding assistance for a wide range of
                          multidisciplinary activities and services to assist economically
                          disadvantaged youths.

                          Administering       agency: Community Planning and Development
                          Office

                          Legislative     authorization:  National Affordable Housing Act,
                          title IV, subtitle D; P.L. 102-550;42 U.S.C. 12899-12899i

Demwtment    of Justice

Community    Outreach     Objective:   To alert America’s youths, communities, organizations,
Program                   and business leaders to the dangers of drug abuse, crime, and
                          violence and to educate them about the Federal Bureau of
                          Investigation’s role in the wax against crime, drugs, gangs, and
                          violence. Further, to assist youths, communities, organizations,
                          and business leaders in understanding the dangerous effects of
                          these illegal activities on their health and on society as a whole.

                          Administering       agency: Federal Bureau of Investigation, Criminal
                          Investigation Division

                          Legislative  authorization:   Omnibus Crime Control and Safe
                          Streets Act of 1968, section 701; added by P.L. 98-473; 42 U.S.C.
                          3771(a)




13                            GAOIHEHS-99-129R             Youth Mentoring    Programs
ENCLOSURE                                                                 ENCLOSURE

Drug Enforcement           Objective: To establish an aggressive program of public
Agency: Demand             awareness education for opinion and community leaders by
Reduction                  educating them about the current threat and linkages among
                           drugs, violence, and crime.

                           Administering      agency: Drug Enforcement Agency

                           Legislativeauthorization:   Controlled Substances Act, as
                           amended; P.L. 91-513; 21 U.S.C. 872

Edward Byrne               Objective: To provide leadership and direction in controlling the
Memorial State and         use and availability of illegal drugs, and to improve the
Local Law                  functioning of the criminal justice system, with emphasis on
Enforcement                violent crime and serious offenders.
Assistance
Discretionary Grant        Administering      agency: Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of
Program                    Justice Assistance

                           Legislative  authorization:     Omnibus Crime Control and Safe
                           Streets Act of 1968, title I, part B, sections 510-518,as amended;
                           P.L. 100-690;42 U.S.C. 3760-3764

Byrne Formula      Grant   Objective:    To provide additional funds for personnel, equipment,
Program                    facilities (including upgraded and additional law enforcement
                           crime laboratories), personnel training, and equipment for more
                           widespread apprehension, prosecution, and adjudication of
                           persons who violate state and local laws relating to the
                           production, possession, and transfer of controlled substances
                           and to improve the criminal justice system.

                           Administering       agency: Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of
                           Justice Assistance

                           Legislative     authorization: Omnibus Crime Control and Safe
                           Streets Act of 1968,title I, part A, sections 501-509,as amended;
                           P.L. 100-690;42 U.S.C. 3751-3759

Gang-Free Schools          Objective:    To prevent and reduce the participation of juveniles
and Communities:           in the activities of gangs.
Community-Based
Gang Intervention          Administering       agency: Office of Juvenile Justice and
                           Delinquency Prevention

                           Legislative     authorization: Juvenile Justice and Delinquency
                           Prevention Act of 1974, title II, part D, sections 281-283;P.L. 102-
                           586; 42 U.S.C. 5667-5667b



 14                             GAO/HEHS-99-129R            Youth Mentoring   Programs
ENCLOSURE                                                                  ENCLOSURE

Juvenile Justice and    Objective:   To increase the capacity of state and local
Delinquency             governments to support the development of more effective
Prevention  (State      education, training, research, prevention, diversion, treatment,
Formula Grants)         accountability-based sanctions, and rehabilitation programs in
                        the area of juvenile delinquency and programs to improve the
                        juvenile justice system.

                        Administering       agency: Office of Juvenile Justice and
                        Delinquency Prevention

                        Legislative                  Juvenile Justice and Delinquency
                                        authorization:
                        Prevention Act of 1974, sections 221-223; P.L. 93-415, as amended;
                        42 U.S.C. 5631-5633

Juvenile   Mentoring    Objective: To reduce juvenile delinquency and gang
Program                 participation, improve academic performance, and reduce the
                        school dropout rate through the use of mentors for at-risk youths.

                        Administering       agency: Office of Juvenile Justice and
                        Delinquency Prevention

                        Legislative authorization:    Juvenile Justice and Delinquency
                        Prevention Act of 1974,title II, part G, section 288, as amended;
                        P.L. 102-586;42 U.S.C. 5667e-l- 5667e-8

Title V-Delinquency     Objective: To increase the capacity of state and local
Prevention    Program   governments to support the development of more effective
                        prevention programs to improve the juvenile justice system.

                        Administering       agency: Office of Juvenile Justice and
                        Delinquency Prevention

                        Legislative authorization:    Juvenile Justice and Delinquency
                        Prevention Act of 1974, title V as amended; P.L. 102-586;42 U.S.C.
                        5781-5785

Weed and Seed           Objective:  To assist communities in the development .and
Program Fund            implementation of comprehensive strategies to “weed out”
                        violent crime, illegal drug and gun trafficking, and illegal gang
                        activity and to “seed” their communities with crime prevention
                        programs.

                        Administering       agencies: Office of Justice Programs and the
                        Executive Office of Weed and Seed, in conjunction with the
                        Department of Housing and Urban Development, Office of the
                        Assistant Secretary of Public and Indian Housing; Department of
                        Health and Human Services, Public Health Service and


15                          GAOEIEHS-99-129R             Youth Mentoring     Programs
ENCLOSURE                                                                   ENCLOSURE

                           Administration for Children and Families; Department of Labor,
                           Employment and Training Administration; Department of
                           Agriculture, Assistant Secretary of Science and Education; and
                           the Corporation for National and Community Service,
                           AmeriCorps

                           Legislative     authorization:    P.L. 102395, title I; 28 U.S.C. 509
                           note

Dewrtment      of Labor

Employment   and           Objective:  To support employment and training studies for
Training Research          developing policies and programs for achieving the fullest use of
and Development            the Nation’s human resources, improve and strengthen the
Projects                   functioning of the Nation’s employment and training systems,
                           develop new approaches to facilitate employment of the difficult
                           to employ, and conduct research and development addressing the
                           employment implications of long-term social and economic
                           trends.

                           Administering       agency: Employment and Training
                           Administration

                           Legislative authorization:    Job Training Partnership Act of
                           1982, as amended, title IV, part D, section 452; P.L. 97-300;29
                           U.S.C. 1732

Job Training               Objective: To improve the long-term employability of youth;
Partnership    Act Title   enhance the citizenship and educational and occupational
II-C-Year-Round            potential of youth; encourage school completion or enrollment in
Youth Program              alternative school programs; increase the employment and
                           earnings of youths; reduce welfare dependency; and assist youths
                           in addressing problems that impair their transition from school to
                           work, apprenticeships, the military, or postsecondary education
                           and training.

                           Administering       agency: Employment and Training
                           Administration

                           Legislative  authorization: Job Training Partnership Act, title II,
                           part C, as amended; P.L. 102-367;29 U.S.C. 1641-1646




16                                GAOBIEHS-99-129R          Youth   Mentoring   Programs
ENCLOSURE                                                                         ENCLOSURE

Department      of Transportation

Youth Impaired               Objective: To provide federal discretionary funds for technicaI
Driving Projects             assistance and direct project grants to organizations such as
                             Mothers Against Drunk Driving.

                             Administering       agency: National Highway Traffic Safety
                             Administration

                             Legislative  authorization:  Highway Safety Act of 1966, title I,
                             section 101, as amended; P.L. 89-564; 23 U.S.C. 403

National     Endowment    for the Arts

Promotion     of the         Objective:  To support the visual, literary, media, design, and
Arts Grants to               performing arts to the benefit of aI.IAmericans through project
Organizations     and        grants to organizations in Eve categories: creation and
Individuals                  presentation, planning and stabilization (services to the field),
                             heritage and preservation, access, and education. To provide
                             assistance to published creative writers and literary translators of
                             exceptional talent through individual feI.Iowships.

                            Administering        agency: National Foundation on the Arts and
                             Humanities

                             Legislative                  National Foundation of the Arts and
                                             authorization:
                            the Humanities Act of 1965, section 5, as amended; P.L. 89-209;20
                            U.S.C. 954; Arts, Humanities, and Museums Amendments of 1990,
                            section 318; P.L. 101-512;20 U.S.C. 954a

Promotion   of the           Objective:   To support leadership initiatives identified by the
Arts Leadership              Endowment. Generally, leadership initiatives wi.II be projects
Initiative                   that advance the arts significantly, such as projects of national
                             importance and impact and projects that serve as models in one
                             field or across disciplines.

                             Administering       agency: National Foundation on the Arts and
                             Humanities

                             Legislative authorization:    National Foundation of the Arts and
                             the Humanities Act of 1965, section 5, as amended; P.L. 89-209;20
                             U.S.C. 954; Arts, Humanities, and Museums Amendments of 1990,
                             section 318; P.L. 101-512;20 U.S.C. 954a

Promotion    of the          Objective: To assist state and special jurisdictional arts agencies
Arts Partnership             through partnership agreements in three ways: (1) support for
Agreements                   the basic state arts plan, (2) support for elements of the state

17                                  GAO/HEHS-99-129R          Youth   Mentoring    Programs
ENCLOSURE                                                    ENCLOSURE

            plan addressing arts education, and (3) support for elements of
            the state plan fostering arts in underserved conununities.
            Partnership agreements with regional organizations of state arts
            agencies offer support for a basic regional arts plan and for the
            Endowment’s Regional Performing Arts Touring Initiative,
            intended to expand Americans’ access to performing arts events
            of high quality.

            Administering       agency: National Foundation on the Arts and
            Humanities

            Legislative     authorization:National Foundation of the Arts and
            the Humanities Act of 1965, section 5, as amended; P.L. 89-209;20
            U.S.C. 954; Arts, Humanities, and Museums Amendments of 1990,
            section 318; P.L. 101-512;20 U.S.C. 954a




(104971)




18               GAO/HEiHS-99-129R           Youth   Mentoring   Programs
Ordering    Information

The first copy of each GAO report and testimony is free.
Additional   copies are $2 each. Orders should be sent to the
following address, accompanied by a check or money order
made out to the Superintendent     of Documents, when
necessary. VISA and Mastercard      credit cards are accepted, also.
Orders for 100 or more copies to be mailed to a single address
are discounted 25 percent.

Orders by mail:

U.S. General Accounting   Office
P.O. Box 37050
Washington, DC 20013

or visit:

Room 1100
700 4th St. NW (corner of 4th and G Sts. NW)
U.S. General Accounting Office
Washington, DC

Orders may also be placed by calling (202) 512-6000
or by using fax number (202) 512-6061, or TDD (202)       512-2537.

Each day, GAO issues a list of newly available reports and
testimony.   To receive facsimile copies of the daily list or any
list from the past 30 days, please call (202) 512-6000 using a
touchtone phone. A recorded menu will provide information         on
how to obtain these lists.

For information on how to access GAO reports on the INTERNET,
send an e-mail message with “info” in the body to:

iufo@www.gao.gov

or visit GAO’s World Wide Web Home Page at:

http:/%vww.gao.gov
United States
General Accounting    Office
Washington,   D.C. 20548-0001

Official   Business
Penalty    for Private   Use $300
Address    Correction    Requested