oversight

Job Training Partnership Act: Information on Set-Aside Funding for Assistance to Older Workers

Published by the Government Accountability Office on 1990-01-22.

Below is a raw (and likely hideous) rendition of the original report. (PDF)

                    United   States   General   Accounting   Office

                    Fact Sheet for the Chairman, Special
- GAO               Committee on Aging, U.S. Senate



January   1990
                    JOB TRAINING
                    PARTNERSHIP ACT
                    Information on
                    Set-Aside Fbnding
                    for Assistance
                    to Older Workers




 ---                                             -                    -
 (;AO/HRD-90-59FS
United States
General Accounting Office
Washington, D.C. 20648

Human Resources Division

B-215774
January 22. 1990

The Honorable David Pryor
Chairman, Special Committee on Aging
United States Senate
Dear Mr. Chairman:
This fact sheet responds to your August 16,1989, request for informa-
tion on the Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA) funding set-asidefor
assistanceto economically disadvantaged older workers.
JTPA  funding for employment and training services to older workers
(55 years old and older) is provided primarily under title IIA of the act.
Seventy-eight percent of annual funding to states under this title is pro-
vided to local service delivery areas for job training servicesto eligible
individuals, including older workers. In addition, 3 percent of the state
title HA allocation is set aside specifically for services to economically
disadvantaged older workers. Older workers are also served to a lesser
extent under srp~ by the title III dislocated worker program.
As agreed with your office, we are providing information on the extent
to which the states have been able to spend their 3-percent set-aside
funds. We are also providing information on the expenditure rate of
other JTPA programs, for comparison, and the extent to which older
workers are being served by JTPA.

In developing this information, we obtained data from the Department
of Labor; the National Association of State Units on Aging; the National
Council on the Aging, Inc.; the National Governors’ Association; and the
CongressionalResearchService. We did not verify the accuracy of the
reported data, but we did compare data from multiple sources,where
available, to determine whether it was consistently reported. We also
relied on information obtained during our study of JTPA participants,
services, and employment outcomes1


available each year for older workers, but the expenditure rates have
increased from an initial 28 percent to 70 percent in program year 1988.
(Seeapps. I and II.) The average expenditure rate for the 3percent

                               and Outcomes for Participants With Differing Needs
            SZ,June9, 1989).



P8ge 1                                       GAO/HRDBlMSFS JTPA Set-Aside Funding
                                                                                                                                             .



                                          E215774




                                          funds has been similar to the 51-percent rate for the title III program
                                          but substantially lower than the 73-percent rate for all title IIA funds.

                                          The initial underexpenditure of 3-percent set-asidefunds has been
                                          attributed to a slow start in developing services for older workers, This
                                          resulted in large carryover balances,which, in turn, contributed to the
                                          underspending problem in later years. However, expenditures have
                                          increased since the start of the program. For example, during transition
                                          year (TY) 1984,*about 28 percent of the older worker set-asidefunds
                                          were spent. In program year (PY) 1988,3the expenditure rate increased
                                          to about 70 percent of the total funds available (annual allocation plus
                                          carryover funds from previous years). (Seefig. 1.) When one excludes
                                          the carryover funds from the amount available and looks only at the
                                          annual allocation of 3-percent funds provided to the states, recent
                                          expenditure rates are higher. For example, during program years
                                          1986-88,the states expended 100 percent of the annual allocation of 3-
                                          percent funds, as well as a portion of funds carried over from prior
                                          years.

Pigun 1: Throo-Pwcmt   Sot-Aaldo   Fund
cxpaldltw    natea                        loo   maaa

                                           m




                                                                           ,          n


                                                wln4     mm         PYnm       Pwns    PYlm7     PYlam
                                                PrqvnYrr

                                          *The transition year refers to the initial g-month period of JTPA (Oct. 41983, to June 30,1984),
                                          which ia des@Wed TY 1984.
                                          3A~yeafkeinsonJuly1MdendsonJune30ofthefollowingyear.Thus,PY                             1988beganon
                                          July 1,19&W,and ended on June 3O,l!B9.



                                          Page 2                                                  GAO/l%MUMBH          JTPA Set-tilde   Fpndino
                             IS215774




                             The expenditure rate for 3-percent set-asidefunds (as a percentageof
                             total funds available) has been similar to the expenditure rate for the
                             title III dislocated worker program.’ Expenditure rates have averaged 5 1
                             percent for these two programs from TY 1984 through PY 1987. This is
                             substantially lower than the title IIA program and the title IIB summer
                             youth program, which had average expenditure rates of approximately
                             73 and 88 percent, respectively, during the sameperiod. (Seeapp. III,)

                             Overall, about 11 percent of all adults terminating from JTPA in PY 1987
       Percentage of Older   were older workers. Most of these older worker term&es (62 percent)
       Workers Served        were served with 3percent set-asidefunds. The remainder were served
                             with the regular title IL4 funds5(24 percent) and title III dislocated
                             worker program funds (14 percent). (Seeapp. IV.)
                             Looking only at the title IIA program, about 12 percent of the adult
                             terminees were older workers. This included about 9 percent served
                             with 3-percent set-asidefunds and about 3 percent served with the reg-
                             ular title IIA funds. (Seeapp. V.)

                             Copies of this fact sheet are being sent to the Secretary of Labor and
                             will be made available to other interested parties on request. Pleasecall
                             me on (202) 275-1793 if you or your staff have any questions about this
                             fact sheet. Other major contributors are listed in appendix VII.
                             Sincerely yours,




                             Franklin Frazier
                             Director, Education
                               and Employment Issues




                             %ur report, Dislocated Workers: Local Program and Outcomes Under the Job Train@ Partnership
                             Act (GAO--41           M 6 1987)         ted out that the expenditure rate of title III funds was slow
                             ximg many of the st&a;dp.‘Zl-23    A$tpp. II).
                             %te 78 percent annually abated     to the service delivery areas.




                             Page 2                                                 GAO/lZRLMO4BEs       JTPA Set-Aside Funding


,--_
Contents


Letter                                                          1

Appendix I                                                      6
Summary of State
3-Percent Set-Aside
Expenditures as a
Percentage of Total
Funds Available
Appendix II                                                     8
State Allocations and
Expenditures for
3-Percent Set-Aside
Funds
Appendix III
Comparison of
Expenditure Rates by
Funding Source
Appendix IV
Total Older Workers
Terminating From All
JTPA Programs
Appendix V                                                     22
Older Workers
Terminating From the
Title IIA Program in
Program Year 1987



                        P4e4   GAO/HEDSOWPS JTPA Set-Aaide PundSng
                        Contents




Appendix VI                                                                                            23
JTPA Title IIA Older
Worker Terminees
Served in Each State
Using 3-Percent Funds
Appendix VII
Major Contributors to
This Fact Sheet
Tables                  Table II. 1: Transition Year 1984                                                8
                        Table 11.2:Program Year 1984                                                    10
                        Table 11.3:Program Year 1985                                                    12
                        Table 11.4:Program Year 1986                                                    14
                        Table 11.5:Program Year 1987                                                    16
                        Table 11.6:Program Year 1988                                                    18
                        Table IV. 1: Program Year 1987                                                  21
                        Table IV.2: Program Year 1986                                                   21

Figure                  Figure 1: Three-Percent Set-Aside Fund Expenditure
                            Rates




                        Abbreviations

                        JTPA       Job Training Partnership Act
                        PY         program year
                        TY         transition year

                                                                  GAO/HRDg@6BF?3   JTPA SetAside   Funding
Appendix I
Summary of State 3-PercentSet-Aside                                                                      .
Expenditures as a Percentageof Total
Funds Available
Figuresin percentages
                                                    E~~~nditun    mte
stat.                        TY 1964     PY 1984    PY 198s        PY 1988       PY 1987        PY 1988
AL                               15.9       56.5        73.6           67.5          71.8           848
AKa                                             .          .               .                            .
AZ                               24.;       49.1        49.8           49.3                          62.1
AR                               77.1       82.0        83.5           94.4          95.1            85.6
CA                               33.7       43.3        46.6           40.1          49.9            ii.5
co                               32.0       28.7        34.8           53.5          56.9            58.1
CT                               32.9       72.1        84.2           68.5          76.3            72.2
DE                               75.2       62.5        49.8           44.0          49.8            54.7
DC                               27.7       35.9        39.0           46.2          70.5            67.4
FL                                3.5       53.2        62.8           55.7          49.1            49.5
GA                               32.7       39.7        55.7           60.8          73.0            68.7
HI                                2.5       46.6        87.5           66.1          74.5            89.6
ID                               76.8       69.5        70.1           66.0          90.9            640
IL                               41.5       55.3        56.9           71.0          78.5            75.1
IN                               37.5       50.5        43.8           56.0          62.1            68.1
IA                               24.9       35.4        46.7           80.7          81.7            74.5
KS                               36.9       61.2        96.6           97.8          95.8            99.8
KY                                2.7       10.0         8.6           41.0          71.6            69.0
LA                               15.7       35.6        27.0           58.7          70.2            67.3
ME                               46.9       66.8        85.8           66.7          81.4            71.1
MD                               25.3       46.9        49.7           64.6          81.4            85.9
MA                                0.0       30.6        54.6           61.9          75.4            61.3
MI                               20.0       51.0        62.4           63.3          75.5            87.5
MN                               57.7       51.8        42.6           63.7          64.7            63.3
MS                               37.3       75.1        94.3           65.0          93.3            81.1
MO                               25.1       77.7        74.6           65.8           85.3           91.6
MT                               64.2       75.0        66.1           86.1           945            91.1
NE                               29.2       75.6        64.3           96.9           93.3           91.4
NV                               19.1       50.5        66.7           78.2           86.3           85.7
NH                                0.0       58.0        56.9           22.5           43.2           37.0
NJ                               28.7       42.4        52.8           55.5           77.7           66.4
NM'                                  .          .                          .              .              .
NY                               23.6       46.6                        70.8          72.1           64.1
NC                               20.9       39.9        25.3            57.4          78.9           76.7
ND                                7.9       50.4        67.1            74.1          71.9           75.4
OH                                0.5       36.8        39.4            47.4          73.1            92.8
OK                               13.8       40.4        52.6            56.6          55.9            56.4
OR                               63.0       67.8        44.7            56.4          74.5            45.2
                                                                                              (continued)



                        Page 6                                   GAO/HpD9O458IT? JTPA Set-Aside F’unding
        Appendix I
        Summary of State &Percent Set-bide
        Ehpendituree Y a PercentWe of Total
        Fbnde Available




                                               Exwnditure     rat0
stat.         I-Y1984          PY 1994         PY 198s         PY 1986       PY 1987       PY 1999
PA                 55.3            53.9            54.1            57.5          66.2          69.0
PA                 85.1            91.8            87.6            84.2          995          109.6
RI                  1.1            60.7            80.2            79.4          61.3          555
SC                  9.9            23.7            46.0            53.0          71 2          76.1
SD                 22.2            17.5            la.5            39.2          38.0          42.9
TN                  3.6            30.0            49.1            49.0          63.4          65.7
TX                  0.0            34.1            46.1            56.7          66.9          62.8
UT                 37.4            48.5            51.2            62.5          90.6          75.8
VT                  0.0            33.1            57.5            76.6          83.1          90.3
VA                 31.0            53.3            82.5            85.2          80.3          77.5
WA                  2.8            50.1            63.4            63.3          58.5          50.2
WV                 20.6            17.5            46.9            62.0          67.3          95.1
WI                 64.9            52.0            63.0            91.1          80.8          72.4
WY                  6.8            27.9            41.7            30.7          34.3          58.8
Total              29.1            47.2            54.0            50.6          68.5          69.6
        %formatlon was not available from Alaska and New Mexico.




        P4e 7                                                GAO/ERD8O.69~    JTPA Set-Aside FhdL4
Appendix II

State Allocations itnd Expenditures
for 3-PercentSet-AsideF’unds

Tabk   11.1:Transition   Year lW4
                                              TY19S4             Funds     Expmnditun
                                    State    set aside       expended               rate
                                    AL           $1,005            $160             15.9<
                                    AK              106                .                 .
                                    AZ              492             119             242
                                    AR              461             355             771
                                    CA            4,540           1.528             33.7
                                    co              365             123             32.0
                                    CT              425             140             32.9
                                    DE              109              82             75.2
                                    DC              146              41             277
                                    FL            1,484              52               3.5
                                    GA              659             261             32.7
                                    HI              131               3               2.5
                                    ID              176             135             76.8
                                    IL            2.242             931             41 5
                                    IN            1,152             432             37.5
                                    IA              459             114             24.9
                                    KS              239              88             36.9
                                    KY              775              21               2.7
                                    LA              664             135             15.7
                                    ME              187              91             46.9
                                    MD              682             172             25.3
                                    MA              878               0                 0
                                    Ml            2,454             491             20.0
                                    MN              562             324             577
                                    MS              556             208             37.3
                                    MO              601             201             25.1
                                    MT              140              90             64.2
                                    NE              150              44             29.2
                                    NV              152              29              19.1
                                    NH              115               0                0
                                    NJ            1,237             355             28.7
                                    NM              247                .                .
                                    NY            3,012              717             23.8
                                    NC            1,016              212             20.9
                                    ND
                                     .-             106                a              7.9
                                    OH            2.326               12              0.5
                                    OK              267               40             13.8
                                    OR              572              475             83.0
                                    PA            2,212            1,222             55.3
                                                                             (continued)




                                    Page 8   GAO/llRBW6SPS      JTPA S&Aside     Funding
Appendix II
State Allocations and Expenditure8
for %Percent Set-hide Fund6




                                      N 1984           Funds Expenditure
State                                set aside     expended           fate
PR                                        1,488           1,267       85.1
RI                                         168                2         11
SC                                         659               65         99
SD                                         106               23        22.2
TN                                         961               35         3.6
TX                                       1.864                0         0.0
UT                                         203               76        37.4
VT                                         106                0         0.0
VA                                         728              226        31.0
WA                                         910               25         2.8
WV                                         411               85        20.6
WI                                         a55              555        64.9
WY                                         106                7         6.8
TOW                                   941,973         Sll,SOO         28.1%
aExcludes Alaska and New Mexico.




 Page 8                              GAO/EBDMMS~      JTPA Set-Aside Funding
Tablo 11.2:Program Year 1984
                                                      Pnvku,
                                          PY 1Bu          YW          Funds         Funds       Exwtnditun
                               state     sotrrkk     C8ybVW        avaihbk      expanded          w      rate
                               AL           $1.372                    $2.217           ,---
                                                                                    $1.253               565%
                               AK              141             .            .               .                 .
                               AZ              722        373          1,095            538      ~~      49 1
                               AR              556        106            662            543              62.0
                               CA            6,209      3,012          9,307          4.034              433
                               co              599        262            861            247              26.7
                               CT              510        206            795            573              72.1
                               DE              141          27           168            105              62.5
                               DC              185         107           292            105              35.9
                               FL            2,042       1,431         3,473          1,848              53.2
                               GA            1,101         578         1,679            666              39.7
                               HI              164         128           292            142              48.6
                               ID              237          41           278            193              69.5
                               IL            3,149       1,311         4,620          2,556              55.3
                               IN            1,405         720         2,125          1,073              50.5
                               IA              567         345           912            323              35.4
                               KS              357         151           608            311              61.2
                               KY              980         754         1,734            174              10.0
                               LA            1,139         725         1,864            667              35.8
                               ME              241          95           337            225              66.8
                               MD              819         510         1,328            650              48.9
                               MA            1,085         878         1,964            601              30.6
                               MI            3,118       1,963         5,081          2,594              51.0
                               MN              815         238         1,053            546              51.8
                               MS              729         350         1,078            810              75.1
                               MO            1,080         601         1,681          1,306              77.7
                               MT              180          50           231            175              75.8
                               NE              231         106           337            255              75.6
                               NV              224         123           347            175              50.5
                               NH              156         115           271            157              58.0
                                NJ           1,485         882         2,387          1,004              42.4
                                NM             342         247              .              .
                               NY            3,704       2,295         5,999           2,914             48.;
                               NC            1,344         a04         2,147             856             39.9
                               ND              141          97           239             120             50.4
                               OH            3,081       2,314         4,607           1,697             36.8
                               OK              506         247           754             305             40.4
                                                                                                  (contmued)




                               Page 10                             GAo/HBD&M@Ps    JTPA SctAstde Punding
Appe*       II
state 4illocatlons and Expenditares
for Wetcent Set-hide Fund8




                                       Previous
                       PY 1984              yew        Fund8            Fund8    Expenditure
State                 set aside       carryover     available       expended              rate
OR                            720            97            817            554              -. 6-
                                                                                           67
PA                         3,085            990          4.075           2.196             539
PR                         1,811            222          2,032           1,666             G
RI                           234            166            400             243             607
SC                           841            593          1.435             341             237
                                                                                           --
SD                           141             82           '223              39             175
TN                         1,318             946         2,265             679             30.0
TX                         2,809           1,864         4,672           1,595             341
UT                            277            127           405             196             48.5
VT                            141            106           247              82            33.1
VA                           970            502          1,471            704             53.3
WA                         1,150            885          2,034           1,019            50.1
WV                           643            326            969             169            175
WI                         1,294            300          1,595             829            52.0
WY                           141             99            240              67            27.9
Tow                    S&Ml            $30,173        3sws3           $40,399             47.2%
%xcludes Alaska and New Mexico.




Page 11                                            GA0/?IItD9069~     JTPA Set-Aside   Funding
                                               \
                                -*II
                                state Auoatbnr and Ex.Pendilauw
                                for 8Percent Set-A&it Fkmds




Table11.3:Program   Year 1985
                                                                   PnViOW
                                                   PY 115               Y-f         Fund,           Funda      Expenditure
                                State             set raid0       carryover     rvallabh        exwnded                  rate
                                AL                    $1,378            $983       $2,341           $1.723               7369
                                AK                       141                .               .             .                   .
                                AZ                      650              557        1,207              601               49.6
                                AR                      626              119          745              622               83.5
                                CA                    6.026            6.221       12.247            5.709               46.6
                                co                      539             .614        11153              401               348
                                CT                      459              222          681              573               642

                                oc
                                DE

                                FL
                                                        141
                                                         230
                                                       2,058
                                                                          63
                                                                         187
                                                                       1,625
                                                                                      204
                                                                                      418
                                                                                    3,683
                                                                                                        102
                                                                                                        163
                                                                                                     2,312
                                                                                                                         49.6
                                                                                                                         390
                                                                                                                         62.6
                                GA                     1,068           1,013        2,100            1,171               55.7
                                HI                       173             150          323               283              87.5
                                ID                       229              86          314               220              70.1
                                iL                     3,105           2,179        5,284            3,112               58.9
                                IN                     1,381           1,052         2.433           1,065               43.0
                                IA                       645             589         1,134              530              46.7
                                KS                       322             197           519              501              96.6
                                KY                     1,093           1,560         2,653              234                8.8
                                IA                     1,274           1,197         2,471              667              27.0
                                ME                       256             112           370              317              65.8
                                MD                       737             679         1,416              703              49.7
                                MA                       977           1,382         2,339            1,278              546
                                Ml                     3,034           2,487         5,521           3,444               62.4
                                MN                       776             507         1,284              547              42.6
                                MS                       811             269         1,080            1,018              943
                                MO                     1,172             375         1,547           1,154               74.6
                                M-r                      204              58           260              224              86.1
                                NE                       208              82           290              245              64.3
                                NV                       205             172           376              259              68.7
                                NH                       141             114           255              150               58.9
                                NJ                     139             1,383         2,732            1,443               52.8
                                NM
                                 .._.                    386
                                                         --.                .             .                .                  .
                                NY                     3.766           3.084         6,853            4.563               66.6
                                NC                     1,238           1,291         2,529              639               25.3
                                ND                       141             118           259              174               67.1
                                OH                     2,966           3,764         6,733            2,650               39.4
                                OK                       691             649         1,239              655              52.8
                                                                                                                 (continued)




                                Page 12                                         GAO/HRD#e@Rl       JTPA Set-Aside Funding
b9e-n
st8teAlloationeandExpenditara
for 3-Perwnt set-A&e Funda




                                    Previous
                      PY 1365            year        Funds          Funds   Expenditure
State                set wide      carryover      available     expended             rate
OR                          750            263          1,013           453          447
PA                       3,139           1,879          5,018         2,717          54 1
PR                       2,061             166         2,227          1,952          67 6
Al                          211            157            366           295          80.2
SC                          757          1,094          1,851           652          46.0
SD
--                          141            184            325            60           18.5
TN                        1,300          1,586          2,886         1,417          49.1
TX                        2,968          3,077          6,046         2,907           46.1
UT                          302            208            510           261           51.2
VT                          141            165            308           176           57.5
VA                          873            687        1,560           1,287           82.5
WA                        1,205          1,015        2,220           1,407           63.4
WV                          757            800        1,557             762           48.9
WI                        1.165            766        1,931           1.602           03.0
WY                          141            173          314             131           41.7
Tow                    w&od7         $47,201      SlW12S           335,731           84.0%
aExcludes Alaska and New Mexico.




Page 13                                          GAO/ERDWS@PS JTPA Set-hide      Funding
TabIe 1l.k Progmm Year 1886
                                                      pfwioua
                                         PY18.6            Y-r        FIwrck          Funds Expendiwe
                              SUtO      set add.     -rryovclr     avaitable      expended           rate
                              AL           $1,326          $618       $1,944          $1,313         67.5%
                              AK              147                            .             71             .
                              AZ              553          62ci         1,173            578          49.3
                              AR              621          123            744            702          94.4
                              CA            5,688        9,063         14,751          5,906          40.1
                              co              514          751          1,266            677          53.5
                              CT              390          108            498            341          68.5
                              DE              133          103            238            104          44.0
                              DC              196          255            451            217          48.2
                              FL            1.886        1,371          3,237          1,804          55.7
                              GA            1,051          930          1,980          1,204          60.8
                              HI              158           40            198            135          68.1
                              ID              228           94            322            276          86.0
                              IL            2,996        2,227          5,223          3,707          71.0
                              IN            1,350         1,389         2,719          1,522           56.0
                              IA
                               .              605           604         1.210            976           80.7
                              KS             274             -i8          '291           285           97.8
                              KY            1,008         2,419         3,424          1,405           41.0
                              LA            1,422         l,B04         3,226          1,895           58.7
                              ME              220             53           272           238           86.7
                              MD              627            713        1,340            888           64.6
                              MA              831         1,062         1,893          1,172           61.9
                              MI            2,873         2,077         4,960          3,132           63.3
                              MN
                              ._..            684            738        1.400            892           63.7
                              MS              ii4            82           i28            786           85.0
                              MO              997          393          1,390          1,193           85.8
                              MT               187           38            223           196           88.1
                              NE               177           48            223           216           98.9
                              NV              212           118            330           256           78.2
                              NH               133          105            238            54           22.5
                              NJ            1,192         1289          2,481          1,376           55.5
                              NM
                              . _._.          361              .              .          571               .
                              NY            3.675         2,289         5,964          4,223            70.8
                              NC            1,131         lit90         3,021          1,734            57.4
                              ND              133             85          219            162            74.1
                              OH            2,737         4,076         6,814          3232             47.4
                              OK
                              -. -            884            759        1,423            805            56.6
                                                                                                (continued)




                              Page 14                              GAO/stuawmJTPAset-Aaide         PlUMi&
                                           Prewious
                             PY1986             Y-r        Funds       Funds    Expenditure
       state                set asido     cawyovor      availabia   expended             rata
       OR                          795            560       1,355         791            58 4
       PA                        2,935         2,302        5,236       3,013            57 5
       PR                        2,142            275       2,417       2,035            842
       RI                          179             73         252         200            79 4
       SC                          663            999       1,661         661            53.0
       SD                          133            265         399         156            39.2
       TN                        1,215         1,468        2,684       1,314            49.0
       TX                        2.876         3,138        6,015       3.413            56.7
       UT                          276            249         525         328            62.5
       VT                          133            130         263         202            76.6
       VA                          790            273       1,063         906            85.2
       WA                        1,154            813       1.967       1,246            63.3
       WV                          743            796       1,539         954            62.0
       WI                          991            329       1,320       1,203            91.1
       WY                          133            163         316          97            30.7
       Tow                    s62663        sso,lsa      $103,011     660,320            56.6%
       aExcludes Alaska and New Mexico.




       Page 16                                          GAO~PS        JTPA Set-Aside Funding



,-.-
Tablo 11.5:Program Year lW7
                                                     Prwlour
                                         PY 1887          YOW        Funds          Funds    Exrmnditum
                                                                                               -c--------     -
                              Strt.     sot l elda   ccl+J6?      available     oxpmndad               rate
                              AL           $1,231        $631        $1,862         $1,338             71.8%
                              AK              164            .             .            54                  .
                              AZ              631         616         1,247            804             644
                              AR              654          42           695            661             95.1
                              CA            5,633       8,843        14,476          7,226             49.9
                              co              612         569         1,201            708             58.9
                              CT              362         157           520            397             76.3
                              DE              138         132           270            134             49.8
                              DC              182         234           416            293             70.5
                              FL            1,811       1,432         3,244          1.594             49.1
                              GA            1,136         776         1,912          11395             73.0
                              HI              178          83           241            180             74.5
                              ID              285          45           310            282             90.9
                              IL            3,187       1,516         4,682          3,677             78.5
                              IN            1,254       1,196         2,450          1.523             62.1
                              IA              658         233           889            727             81.7
                                                                                                       -
                              KS              313           8           319            306             95.8
                              KY            1,187       2,019         3,207          2,297             71.6
                              LA            1,799       1,332         3,131          2,197             70.2
                              ME              204          38           240            196             81.4
                              MD              582         474         1,056            860             81.4
                              MA              772         721         1,493          1,125             75.4
                              MI            2,873       1,818         4,491          3,393             75.5
                              MN              713         508         1,221            790             64.7
                              MS              949         139         1,069          1,016             93.3
                              MO              926         1%          1,124            959             85.3
                              MT              208          26           236            223             94.5
                              NE              241           7           248            232             93.3
                              NV              215          72           287            248             86.3
                              NH              138         184           322            139             43.2
                              NJ            1,113       1,105         2,218          1,724             77.7
                              NM              439            .             .           648                 .
                              NY            3,604       1,951         5,555          4,005            72.1
                              NC            1,050       1,287         2,337          1,845            78.9
                              ND              138          57           194            140            71.9
                              OH            2,838       3,837         6,875          4,881            73.1
                              OK              759         617         1,376            769            55.9
                                                                                               (contmued)




                              P8ge 16                            GAO/ERD&MBP8     JTPA Set-Aside   F’unding
&we*       n
state Alloatlons and Expenditures
for 3Percent Sethide Fund0




                                       Previous
                         PY 1997            year       Funds             Funds Expenditure
State                   sot aside     carryover     available        expended           rate
OR                             760            564         1,32dr             986         74.5
PA                           2,726         2,224          4,949           3.274         66.2
PR                           2,221            362         2,603            2,591        99.5
RI                             167             52           218              134        61.3
SC                             715            781         1,495            1,065         71.2
SD                             138            243           380              144        380
TN                           1,217          1,370         2,587            1,642        63.4
TX                           4,003          2,602         6,605            4,417        66.9
UT                             256            197           453              411        90.6
VT                             138             62           199              166         83.1
VA                             896            157         1,053              846         80.3
WA                           1.072            721         1.793            1.049         58.5
WV                             690            585         1,276              858         673
WI                             980            117         1,098              866         80.8
WY                             138            219           357              122         34.3
mar                       954.451       942.177       997.628           999.971         59.5%
a&ludes      Alaska and New Mexico.




Pye     17                                          GAO/lillDW6BEs     JTPA !&et-Aside Funding
Trbh 11.6: Program Year 1988
                                                          PrOViOUa
                                             PY 19w            YOW        Fund8            Funds Expondltun
                               St8te        set arid.    carryover     avaikbb         ex6-ded            rate
                               AL              51,329          $525       $1,654            $1,572        84.8%
                               AK                 187              .            .              120             .
                               AZ                 749           444        1,192              741          62.1
                               AR                 697            66          763              653          85.6
                               CA               5,433         7,250       12,683            6,532          51.5
                               co                 866           493        1,359              789          58.1
                               CT                  321          123          444              321          72.2
                               DE                  135          135          271              148          54.7
                               DC                  183          122          306              206          67.4
                               FL               1,840         1,650        3,490            1,728          49.5
                               GA
                               -.               1.095
                                                  ,---          517        1.612            1.106          se.7
                               HI                  157           71          &I               204          89.6
                               ID                  291           28          320              269          84.0
                               IL                2,627        1,006        3,633            2,878          75.1
                               IN                1,110          928           2,038         1,387           66.1
                               IA                  581          162             743           553           74.5
                               KS                  315           14             328           328           99.8
                               KY                1,163          909           2,092         1,444           69.0
                               LA                1,975          934           2,908         1,956           67.3
                               ME                  187           45             232           165           71.1
                               MD                  535          285             800           687           85.9
                               MA                  683          368           1,051           644           61.3
                               MI                2,463        1,099           3,562         3,115           87.5
                               MN                  631          431           1.061           671           63.3
                               MS                1.051           73           1,123           911           81.1
                               MO                 -936          165           1,101         1,009           91.6
                               MT                  218           13             229           208           91.1
                               NE
                                --                 214           17             230           210           91.4
                               NV                  191           43             233           200           85.7
                               NH                  135          183             318           118           37.0
                               NJ                  985          582           1,547         1,028           66.4
                               NM
                                _...               473             .               .          391               .
                               NY                3.190         1,621          4,811         3,063           64.1
                               NC                  932           492          1,424         1,092           76.7
                               ND                  135            55            190           143           75.4
                               OH
                               -. .              2.636
                                                 _.___          474           3.110         2.865            92.8
                               OK                  869          608           1,478           833            56.4
                                                                                                     (continued)




                               Pyc     18                              GAO-               JTPA Set-Aside F’unhg
                                    Previous
                      PYls88             year        Funds           Funds Expanditure
State                set asldo     carfyover      available      expended           rate
OR                          673            587          1,260            570        45.2
PA                        2,412          1,675         4,087          2,820          690
PR                        2,120              12         2,312         2,337        109.6
RI                          147             85            232            129        55.5
SC                          639            431          1,070            814         76.1
SD                          135            236            371            159         42.9
TN                        1,206            990          2,196          1,442         65.7
TX                        4,926          2,166          7,113         4,469          62.8
UT                          301             42            344            260         75.8
VT                          135             34            169            152         90.3
VA                          849            208          1,057            818         77.5
WA                         1,163          776          1,939           973            50.2
WV                           624          418          1,042           992            95.1
WI                           935          211          1,146           830            72.4
WY                           136          234            372           219           58.8
Tow                    961,360       $3oAoa         S81,3S3        $56,605           69.6%
aExcludes Alaska and New Mexico.




Pye     I@                                        GAO/EBDBMBR3      JTPA Set-A&de Funding
  Ppe
*&~~~J%oII of Expenditure Ftatesby
mdingsource




Figures are percentages
                                                                        Exoendlture     rates
FundIng source                      TYlg64             PYl664           PY 1666           PY 1966            PY 1667          Average
Title IIA’                                 67                70               72               76                 78                 73
Title IIW                                 WA                 86               85               90                 91                 88
Title Ill                                  39                48               48               64                 58                 51
3-oercent set-aside fundsC                 28                47               54               59                 69                 51
                             aRepresents the expenditure rate for all title IlA funds, including 3-percent set-aside funds
                             &Title 118funds are accounted for on a fiscal year rather than program year basis.
                             %ased on total funds available-annual Spercent albcation plus any carryover funds from pnor years




                             Page 20                                                    GAO/liRDHMBFS         JTPA SetAside    Funding
Appendix IV

Total Older Workers Terminating From All
JTFFAProgmms

Trble IV.1: Program Year 1667
                                                                        Older worker terminees             Other adult         Tot81 adult
                                Funding source                             Number         Percent           terminees          terminees
                                Title HAa:
                                    78-percent funds                           16,226               24          431,305            447.531
                                   3-percent funds                            41,927                62                   D          41.927
                                Title III                                       9,828               14           116.462           126.290
                                Total                                         67,661c              100          547,+674          615,746


Table 1V.z: Program Year 1666
                                                                        Older workor termlneer             Other adult         Total adult
                                Fundina source                             Number         Percent           termlnees           terminees
                                Title IIA:
                                   78-cwcent funds
                                      I
                                                                               14.304               22           419.214           433.518
                                   3-percent funds                            39,746                62                     0        39.746
                                Title Ill                                      10,558               16           129,216           139,774
                                TOM                                           64&W                 100          546,4306          613,036
                                Notes: Termrnees represent rndlvrduals whose partrcrpabon ended during the program year
                                          Data on the number of older workers served with B-percent set-aside funds are not available
                                aSeventy-etght percent of these funds are for job training services to eligible mdivrduals. tncluding older
                                workers, whereas 3 percent are speclfically set aside for older workers.
                                “AlI terminees served with 3-percent funds are assumed to be older workers
                                Qepresents 11 percent of total adult terminees.
                                %epresents 89 percent of total adult terminees




                                Page 21                                                    GAO/liRlMMBPS         JTPA Set-Aside Fbnding
Ppe

blzi Workers Termha- From the Title IIA
Program in Program Yeax 1987

                                                                                   olduwor&or1~
                                                                         Adult                        Poroent ot
             FundIng source                                         twminoeo              Numbu             total
             76-percent funds                                           447,531             16,226               3
             Z.-percent funds                                            41,927            41,927=               9
             Tow                                                       499,499             99,192              12
             “AlI terminees served with 3qercent funds are assumed to be older workers.




              P8ge%?                                                GAO/limMomPt3JTpA             SetAdde Pundins
Appendix VI

JTPA Title IIA Older Worker TermineesServed
in Each State Using 3-PercentFunds

                                     Number ot tormineos
              stat0            PY 19w       PY 1987          PY 1999
              AL                   1,363         1.326          1350
              AK                     60            140             82
              AZ                    287            539            669
              AR                  1,152            979            792
              CA                  2,765          2,986          3,090
              co                    623          1,293          1.003
              CT                    253            253            198
              DE                     87            104             92
              DC                    246            234            164
              FL                  1,239          1,190          1,303
              GA                    830            037            812
              HI                    114            111            132




              IA                    588            514             387
              KS                    503            409             486
              KY                    630          1.576           1.686
              LA                    714          1,139             859
              ME                     108            94              39
              MD                     410           327             335
              MA                   1,133           864             560
              MI                   1,759         1,563           1,863
              MN                     928           874             665
              MS                   1,069         1,087             867
              MO                   1,229           851             955
              MT                     102           102              90
              NE                     339           323             230
              NV                     152           156             155
              NH                      19            37              40
              NJ                     584           407             360
              NM                     265           254             201
              NY                   3,823         2,794           1,954
              NC                   1,582         1,832           1,249
              ND                      87            45              69
              OH                   1,464         2,051           2.002
              OK                   1,068         1,297           1,076
              OR                     365           467             340
               PA                  1,365         1,448           1,049
                                                           (contmued)




              Pa@ es          GAO/HRDBO-WFS JTPA Set-Aside Funding
JTPA Title M Older Worker Terndnew
Served in Each State Usin &Percent Fun&




                                                                  Number of terminees
state                                                      PY 1966.      PY 1987               PY 1981
PR                                                               484          1,014                 72!
RI                                                               154             87                   7;
SC                                                               501            721                 63’
SD                                                                42            135                 114
TN                                                               795            819               l.Ol!
TX                                                             2,966         3,083                3.19.
UT                                                               192            258                 22r
VT                                                               156            147                  15t
VA                                                               250            544                 46:
WA                                                               683            590                 53;
WV                                                               361            240                 4oc
WI                                                               903            560                 63C
WY                                                                 33            46                   6:
lota   tedneoa                                               40*187         42,292              28.221

Tow partio~bb                                                 53,078            53,667           48,131
Qata on participation in the 3-percent set-aade program for older lndiwduals are not avallable for pert,
ods before PY 1986.
bParticipants represent the number of individuals receiving services during a given program year. This
number is higher than the number of terminaes due to the overlap of individual enrollments from one
program year to another.




Pye 24                                                    GAO/HRD-WWES JTPA Set-Aside Fundln
Appendix VII

Major Contibutors to This Fact Sheet


                   Sigurd Nilsen, Assistant Director, (202) 52343701
Human Resources    Thomas N. Medvetz, Assignment Manager
Division,          William J. Burrison, Evaluator
Washington, D.C.




(208142)           Page 28                               GAO,‘HRWMB8?3 XI’PA Set-Aside Pundhj
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