oversight

Dislocated Workers: Expenditures Under Title III of the Job Training Partnership Act

Published by the Government Accountability Office on 1990-02-23.

Below is a raw (and likely hideous) rendition of the original report. (PDF)

                                                                    ’ I
                   LTnited States   General   Accounting   Office
                   Fact Sheet for the Chairman,
GAO                Committee on Education and Labor,
                   House of Representatives


February   1990
                    DISLOCATED
                  . WORKERS
                   Expenditures Under
                   Title III of the Job
                   Training Partnership
                   Act




GAO/HRD-90-93FS
    United States
    General Accounting Office
    Washington, D.C. 20548

    Human Resources Division

    B-223485

    February 23, 1990

    The Honorable Augustus F. Hawkins
    Chairman, Committee on Education and Labor
    House of Representatives

    Dear Mr. Chairman:

    On January 3 1, 1990, we briefed your staff on our work related to your
    request for information on state spending patterns for dislocated worker
    assistance under title III of the Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA) and
    the Economic Dislocation and Worker Adjustment Assistance Act
    (EDWAA). As agreed with your staff, we are providing you this fact sheet,
    which summarizes our preliminary information on four issues:

l state title III spending patterns,
l costs per participant,
l expenditures related to the transition to EDWAA, and
. allocation and spending patterns related to the Secretary of Labor’s dis-
  cretionary fund.

    In developing this information, we used allotment and expenditure data
    for program years (PY) 1985-88.’ This information was obtained from
    the Department of Labor semiannual reports on the title III program and
    from other Labor data on title III expenditures. Although we did not
    verify the accuracy of the reported data, we discussed our use of this
    data with Labor officials. They did visit some states and reviewed their
    financial reporting systems to ensure that states had adequate support
    for the reported data. As we continue our work related to your request,
    we will assess how the funds were used to assist program participants in
    a sample of states.

    JTPA title III provides funds to states for programs tailored to the spe-
    cific needs of workers who have been laid off or have received notice of
    layoff as a result of a mass layoff or the permanent closure of a plant or
    facility. States may administer the program through existing state agen-
    cies or distribute funds to service delivery area/private industry coun-
    cils, other community-based organizations, educational institutions,
    unions, or employers to assist dislocated workers. Title III provides
    assistance in the form of training, job placement activities, relocation
    assistance, and supportive services (such as child care and transporta-
    tion) while in training.

     ‘Programyears are from .July 1 through June 30.



     Page   1                                          GAO/HRD-90-93FYS   Dislocated   Workers
                     B-223495




                     In 1988, the Congress enacted EDWAA to replace the original title III pro-
                     gram and improve the reemployment assistance provided to dislocated
                     workers. Changes brought about by EDMA include: (1) new procedures
                     for allocating funds to the local level, (2) establishment of state rapid
                     response teams, (3) increased emphasis on skill training, and (4) limita-
                     tions in the amount of funds that states can carry over from one year to
                     the next.

                     From October 1982 through June 1989, $1.2 billion in federal funds
                     have been made available for the title III program. Under the act at least
                     75 percent of these funds were to be allocated to states using a formula
                     based on the relative number of unemployed workers. The other 25 per-
                     cent are reserved for allocation to states at the discretion of the Secre-
                     tary of Labor. Starting in program year 1989, EDWAA revised the
                     percentage of funds to be allocated by formula to 80 percent, with the
                     remaining 20 percent reserved for allocation at the Secretary’s discre-
                     tion. (See app. I for a breakdown of allotments between formula and
                     discretionary funds for PY 1985-88.)


                     As shown in table 1, despite differences in the amounts of funds allotted
Title III Spending   for title III, expenditures were relatively consistent from PY 1985
Patterns             through 1987-averaging about $185.6 million per year. However, in PY
                     1988 the amount of funds spent jumped by 43 percent-from         $172.4
                     million in PY 1987 to $246.5 million. This occurred after enactment of
                     EDWAA, which limited the amount of formula-allotted funds that can be
                     carried over from one year to the next. (See app. II for expenditures by
                     state for PY 1985-88.)




                      Page      2                                 GAO/HRD-90-93Fs   Dislocated   Workers
                                    B-223485




Table 1: Title Ill Allotments and
Expenditures                        Dollars       In millions
                                                                                                        Program ye@
                                                           -~                             1985            1986        1987                    1988
                                    Carry tnc                                            $1774          $209 7      $1020 -__             $122 1
                                                                                                                                          __-
                                    Allotmentc                                           222 2             95.5      195.6                 287.2
                                    Total available                                      399.6           305.2       297.6                 409.3
                                    Total expendituresd                                 $189.9          $194.5      $172.4                $246.5
                                    Unexpended balancee                                 $209.7          $110.7      $125.2                $162.8
                                    dProgram year IS from July 1 to June 30
                                    ‘Carry In IS money carned over from previous year

                                    ‘Allotment       includes all formula and dtscretlonary   funds

                                    “As states update their expenditure         data these numbers may change sllgntly.

                                    ‘Not all of the unexpended        balances were carried Into the next year; some funds were deobllgated


                                    The increase in spending was particularly pronounced in certain states.
                                    For example, California spending for dislocated worker assistance under
                                    title III rose 110 percent-from   $13.6 million in program year 1987 to
                                    $28.7 million in 1988. Similarly, Colorado, North Dakota, South Caro-
                                    lina, and Wyoming all increased their spending by more than 100 per-
                                    cent. (Percentage change in spending levels for each state are shown in
                                    app. III.)


                                    As states increased their spending for dislocated worker assistance, the
As Spending                         cost per participant increased by 28 percent-from      an average of $940
Increased, So Did the               in PY 1987 to $1,200 in 1988. (See fig. 1.) Overall, 39 states showed an
Cost Per Participant                increase in the cost per participant from PY 1987 to 1988. In some states,
                                    these increases were quite large. From PY 1987 to PY 1988, 9 states
                                    increased their cost per participant by at least 50 percent. For example,
                                    in Texas the cost per participant increased by 51 percent-from      $1,090
                                    in PY 1987 to $1,650 in PY 1988.




                                     Page     3                                                          GAO/HRJMO-93Fs      Dislocated   Workers
                                        B-223485




Figure 1



           GM                   Cost Per Participant

           1400       Dollars
           1300
           1200
           1100
           1000
            900
            900
            700
            600
            500
            400
            300
            200
            100
                  0




                                         We also noted considerable differences in the cost per participant from
                                         one state to another. The PY 1988 costs ranged from $450 in Kentucky to
                                         a high of $2?600 in California. We could not determine from our analysis
                                         the extent to which these differences are related to differences in ser-
                                         vices provided to participants or local economic conditions. (The cost
                                         per participant for each state is shown in app. IV.)




                                         Page      4                               GAO/HRD-90-93FS   Dislocated   Workers
                       Et-223486




                       The Department of Labor allowed states to use limited amounts of their
Expenditures for       PY 1988 funds to facilitate implementation of changes in dislocated
Transition From JTPA   worker assistance brought about by EDWAA, as noted earlier. In some
to EDWU                instances these costs appeared relatively large. For example, Ohio
                       reported spending $3.5 million, or about 26 percent of its PY 1988
                       formula allotted funds, for transition activities. Eleven states spent
                       more than 10 percent of their PY 1988 allocation for transition activities.
                       (See app. V for the transition costs reported for each state.)


                       In addition to the funds allocated to states by formula, a portion of the
Discretionary Fund     title III funds are reserved for allocation to states at the discretion of the
Allocation and         Secretary of Labor. These discretionary funds may be used to aid indi-
Spending Patterns      viduals who are affected by mass layoffs, natural disasters, or federal
                       government actions (such as the relocation or closure of facilities). To
                       receive discretionary funds, states must submit to Labor specific pro-
                       posals, which are evaluated for merit and need. As shown in figure 2,
                       some states have received a much higher proportion of discretionary
                       funds compared with the proportion of funds allocated to them by
                       formula.




                        Page   5                                      GAO/HRB9&93FS   Dislocated   Workers
                       B-223495




Figure 2
                                                                                                            -!




           MO   Ratio of Discretionary to
                Formula Allocation 1985-88




                        Note. For calculation of ratio see app VI


                        States appear to be spending discretionary funds at a slower rate than
                        formula funds. For example, as of the beginning of program year 1989,
                        states had spent about 50 percent of their discretionary funds from PY
                        1987 and about 10 percent from PY 1988. (See app. VII.) In contrast,
                        states reported that they had spent virtually all of their PY 1987 formula
                        funds and 73 percent of their PY 1988 formula funds. Labor officials
                        explained that some of the delay in the spending of PY 1988 discretion-
                        ary funds is due to delays in allocating funds to states. In some cases
                        discretionary funds were not given to states until near the end of the
                        program year.



                        Page      6                                 GAO/HRINN%93FS   Dislocated   Workers
B-223485




Copies of this fact sheet are being sent to the Secretary of Labor and
other interested parties. Please call me on (202) 275-1793 if you or your
staff have any questions about this fact sheet. Other major contributors
are listed in appendix VIII.

Sincerely yours,




Franklin Frazier
Director, Education
  and Employment Issues




Page   7                                    GAO/HRD99-93FS   Dislocated   Workers
Contents


Letter
Appendix I
Allocations and
Expenditures for
JTPA Title III
Dislocated Worker
Assistance,
PY 1985438
Appendix II
State Expenditures for
PY 1985-88
Appendix III
Changes in Spending
Levels From Year to
Year
Appendix IV                                                              15
Cost Per Participant
for PY 1985438
Appendix V                                                               17
Expenditures for
Transition From JTPA
Title III to EDWM




                         Page   8   GAO/HRD-90-93FS   Dislocated   Workers
                        Contents




Appendix VI
Comparison of
Formula and
Discretionary Fund
Allocations by State
for PY 1985-88
Appendix VII
Spending Rates for
Discretionary Funds
for PY 1987 and PY
1988 as of the
Beginning of PY 1989
Appendix VIII                                                                                          23
Major Contributors to
This Fact Sheet
Related GAO Products                                                                                    24

Table                    Table 1: Title III Allotments and Expenditures

Figures                  Figure 1: Cost Per Participant
                         Figure 2: Ratio of Discretionary to Formula Allocation,
                              Program Years 1985-88




                         Abbreviations

                         EDWAA     Economic Dislocation and Worker Adjustment Assistance Act
                         JTPA      Job Training Partnership Act
                         PY        program ,vc“*-


                         Page 9                                      GAO/HRD9@93FS   Dislocated   Workers
Appendix I

Allocations and Expenditures for JTPA Title III
DislocatedWorker Assistance,PY 1985-88

                Dollars in mdlions
                                                                              Program yeald
                                                               1985             1988         1987                   1988
                Carry inb                                    $1774            $209.7        $102.0                 $122.1
                Formula allotment                              166.8             71.6        149.6                  215.4
                Dtscretjonarv allotment                         554              239              46:O               71 8
                Total available                               399.6            305.2            297.6               409.3
                Total expendituresC                          $189.9           $194.5           $172.4              $246.5
                Unexpended balancesd                         $209.7           $110.7           $125.2              $162.8
                aProgram year IS from July 1 to June 30

                bCarry In IS money carried over from previous year

                ‘As states update their expenditure   data these numbers may change slightly

                dNot all of the unexpended   balance were carned Into the next year: some funds were deobllgated




                                                .

                Page   10                                                      GAO/HRMW-93Fs       Dislocated   Workers
Amendix   II

State Expenditures for PY 1985-88


               Dollars in thousands
                                                         Program year
                                              1985        1986            1987                1988

               U.S. TotaP                  $189,924    $194,483      $172,369            $246,525
               Alabama                        5,893       4,647           4.118          5.610
               Alaska                           552         508             928          1.148
               Arizona                        1,635       1,432           1,670          2,593
               Arkansas                       1,231       1,479           1,524          2,737
               Calrfornta                    17.242      15,199          13,640         28 654
               Colorado                       1,753       2,377           1,981          4.120
               Connectrcut                    1.031         784           1,278          1.560
               Delaware                         288          232            190-----      -~~
                                                                                           239
               Dtstnct of Columbra              831          439            486 -___--- 670
               Florida                        4,420        5.804          3,648          3,043
               Georgia                        3,688        2,799          3,192          5,371
               Hawaii                           277          301            428            782
               Idaho                          1,205          962            933          1.665
               Illinois                      12,655       12,898         10,797
                                                                          _____--       12 604
               Indiana                -.      9,038        6,564          5,034          6.282
               Iowa                           2,245        2,214          2,831          4 237
               Kansas                         1.437        1,719          1,299          2.074
               Kentucky                       2,737        4,386          4,287      -- 5,634
               Loursiana                       1,778      4,787           5,554               9,923
               Marne                           1,690      1,423             726                 451
               Maryland                        2,663       1,808          1,757              1,570
               Massachusetts                   5,800       4,743          2,711              2,809
               Michigan                       14,624      12,072          8,307             21.632
               Minnesota                       4,136       3,780          3,247              3.694
               Mississippi                     2,276       2,328          2,759              3,472
               Missouri                        2,301       3,305          2,589              3,810
               Montana                           778         963          1,026              1.375
               Nebraska                        1,041         834            620                860
               Nevada                            836         706            467                925
               New Hampshire                     397         639            420    ~---        296
               New Jersey                      4,902       4,829.         3,882              3,845
               New Mexico                      1.172       1,027          1,315              2 372
               New York                       10,518      16,529         14,078             15.755
                                                                                        - .___. -
               North Carolina                  3,273       2,669          2,124                3,028
                                                                                        (conttnued)




               Page   11                                 GAO/HRIMW93FS     Dislocated      Workers
Appendix   II
State Expenditures   for PY 1985-88




                                                            Proqram year
                                             1985            1986         1987                       1988
North Dakota                                  246              464      586                         1.215
Ohfo                                       11,798            12,329            9,154               11,468
Oklahoma                                     2,405            2,994            2,407                4,678
Oregon                                       4,661            2,980            3,003          -     3,187
Pennsylvania                                 9,565           10,734            9,324               13.170
Rhode Island                                   750              925              800                  535
South Carolina                               2,779            2,006            1,325                2.674
South Dakota                     -             296              573              392                  492
Tennessee                                    3,572            4,127            4,247                7.250
Texas                                        8,012            6,680            9,790               18.838
Utah                                         2,859            3,239              685                1.266
Vermont                                        270              148              207                  239
Virginia                                     1,993            2.148            2,991                2,292
Washington                                   5,384            5,537            3,747                4,965
West Virginia                                3,054            4,326            3,185                3,255
Wisconsin                                    3,925            3.897            4.290                6.434
Wyomfng                                        145              320              309                  821
aThe U S total Includes expendrtures for territorfes and possessions not shown beiow




Page   12                                                   GAO/HRD-99-93Fs      Dislocated       Workers
Appendix III

Changesin Spending Levels From Year to Year


               Figures are percentages
                                                      Program year
                                         1985 to 1986 1986 to 1987 1987 to 1988
               U.S. total                         2.4          -11.4                 43.0

               Alabama                         -21.2           -11.4                 36 2
               Alaska                           -8.0             82.7                23 7
               Arizona                         -12.4             16.6                 55.3
               Arkansas                          20.2             3.0                 79.6
               Californra                      -11.9           -10.3                110 1
               Colorado                          35.6          -16.7                108.0
               Connecticut                     -24.0             63.1                 22.0
               Delaware                        -19.4           -18.0                  25.5
               Drstnct of Columbia             -47.2             10.7                 379
               Florida                           31.3          -37.2                  38 3
               Georgia                         -24.1              14.0                68 3
               Hawaii                              8.6            42.1                82.7
               Idaho                           -20.2             -3.0                 78 5
               Illinois                            1.9         -163                   167
               Indiana                         -27.4           -23.3                  24 8
               Iowa                              -1.4             27.9                49 6
               Kansas                             19.6         -24.4                  59 7
               Kentucky                           60.2          -2.3                  31 4
               Louisiana                         169.2            16.0                78.7
               Marne                            -15.8          -49.0                -38.0
               Maryland                         -32.1            -2.8               -10.7
               Massachusetts                    -18.2          -42.9                    3.6
               Michigan                         -17.5          -31.2              -__- 40.0
               Minnesota                          -8.6         -14.1                   138
               Mississippr                          2.3          18.5                  25.8
               Missouri                            43.7        -21.7                   47 1
               Montana                             23.8            6.5                34.0
               Nebraska                         -19.8           -25.7                 38 8
               Nevada                           -15.6           -33.9                 98.2
               New Hampshire                       60.9         -34.3               -29.6
               New Jersey                         -15           -19.6      --10
               New Mexico                       -123              28.0                 80.4
               New York                            57 1         -14.8                  11.9
               North Carolina                   -18.5           -20.4                  42.5
               North Dakota                        88.9           26.1                1074
                                                                               (continued)




               Page   13                       GAO/~90-93F’S      Dislocated      Workers
Appendix          III
Changes         in Spending   Levels   From   Year
to Year




                                                                  Program year
                                                     1985 to 1986 1986 to 1987 1987 to 1988
Ohro                                                          45             -25.8              25 3
Oklahoma                                                     24 5            -19.6              94 3
Oregon                                                     -36.1                0.8              61
Pennsylvanra                                                 12.2            -13.1              41-2
Rhode Island                            -                    23 2            -135              -33.1
South Carolrna                                             -27 8             -34 0           .~ 101.9
                                                                                                   .~~
South Dakota                                                 93 8            -31 7               25 5
Tennessee                                                     15.5               29              70.7
Texas                                                      -16.6               46.5              92 4
Utah                                                          13.3           -78.9               84 8
Vermont                                                    -45 3               94.2            -168
Vrrqinla                                                       7.8             39.2            -23 4
Washinqton                                                     28            -32.3               32.5
West Virgtnia                                                 41 6           -26.4                2.2
Wisconsin                                                    -0.7               10 1             50 0
Wyoming                                                     120.2              -3.2             1654




 Page      14                                              GAO/IiRD90-93FS      Dislocated   Workers
Appendix IV

Cost Per Participant for PY 1985-88


                                              Program year
                                      1985     1986            1987                1988
               U.S. total             $904     $886            $941              $1,205

               Alabama                1,594    1,731           1,743               1,517
               Alaska                 1,408      799           1,184               1,204
               Arizona                  590      849             908               1,143
               Arkansas                 576      571             918                 945
               California             1,537    1,626           2.005               2.636
               Colorado                 780      596             540                 861
               Connecticut            1,750    2,118           1,855               1,656
               Delaware                 329      297             332                 568
               District of Columbia     735      444             573                 708
               Florida                1.688    1,211           1.585                1.877
               Georqia                2,127    1,478           1,084                1,066
               Hawaii                   219      238             381                  720
               Idaho                  1,457    1,057             906                1,3oj
               lllinots                 692      624             637                  951
               Indiana                1,325    1.020           1.211                1.262
               Iowa                     680      748             704                  917
               Kansas                   987    1,122             619                  929
               Kentucky                 348      376             400                  451
               Louisiana                724    1,039           1,185                1,694
               Maine                  1.332      882             550                  677
               Maryland                 883      568             704                  561
               Massachusetts            678      517             709                  654
               Michigan               1,324    1,367           1,070                1.466
               Minnesota                737      551             675                  826
               MississiroDr             759      854           1,121                 1,351
               Missouri                 496      526             484                   690
               Montana                  800      839             826                 1,120
               Nebraska                 780    1,006           1,148                 1,216
               Nevada                   812    1,239           1,380                 1,907
               New Hamoshire          1.068    2,274           2.000                 1,740
               New Jersey               416      338             366                   649
               New Mexico             1,057      731           1,340                 1,177
               New York               1,473    1,707           1,922                 1,991
               North Carolina           410      572             626                   683
               North Dakota           1,358    1,595           1.160                 1,363
               Ohio                     985    1,007             896                   868
                                                                              (continued)




                Page   15                     GAO/HRD90-93FS     Dislocated      Workers
Appendix  IV
Cast Per Participant   for PY 1966-66




                                                Program year
                                        1985     1988             1987             1988
Oklahoma                                  766      885              798            1,061
Oreaon                                  1,642    1,255            1,534            1,328
Pennsylvanra                              751    1,119            1,113            1 505
Rhode Island                            2,352    1,291            1,281            1,143
South Carolina                            609      610              793              614
South Dakota                              652    1.118              984            1,042
Tennessee                               1,174    1,280            1,114            1,385
Texas                                     899      696            1,093            1,654
Utah                                    2,046    1,577              988            1,545
Vermont                                 1,619    1,826            2,144            2,173
Virainia
    4
                                          460      536              618              592
Washington                                898    1,246            1,132            1,219
West Virginia                             885    1,787              992            1,600
Wisconsin                                 878      907              997            1,064
Wyoming                                 1,252    1,460            1,279            2,178




 Page   16                                      GAO/HRD4JO-93PS     Diilocated   Workers
Appendix V

Expenditures for Transition From JTPA Title III
to EDWM

                                                                            Transition
                                                                           as percent
                                                     Transition            of PY 1988
                State                                     costs              allotment
                Alabama                                               3
                Alaska                                                a
                Arizona                                $194,738                       6 87
                Arkansas                                 74,479                       2 73
                Californra                             1,516,000          ____.-.- 7 62
                Colorado                                  84,452                   2 14
                Connectrcut                                  81,355                  8 00
                Delaware                                     27.715                 14 31
                District of Columbia                                  a
                Florida                                1,362,924                    21 90
                Georgra                                  380,640          __--      1109
                                                                                     .-
                Hawaii                                                a
                Idaho                                                 a
                lllinols                                    197,840                   1 46
                Indiana                                      96,812                   2 06
                Iowa                                                  b
                Kansas                                      104,788                  7 96
                Kentucky                                    708,778                 13.94
                Louisiana                                         0 ___              0 00
                                                                                  -~~~  _
                Maine                                               a
                Marvland                                            a
                 Massachusetts                                      a
                Michtgan                                    192,680                   1 62
                Minnesota                                    85,000                   3.68
                Mississrppi                                 213,371       __-~        5 03
                                                                                        -
                Missouri                                              a
                Montana                                               a
                Nebraska                                     95,323                  1205
                Nevada                                      150,626                  21 89
                New Hampshire                                55,963                  2501
                New Jersev                                            a
                New Mexico                                   135,129                 7 20
                New York                                     350,689       ___-     3-- 33
                North Carolina                               464,212               1643
                North Dakota                                  15,029                 4 04
                Ohio                                       3,500,000               26 23
                Oklahoma                                            0      __.~      0 00-
                Oregon                                       217,378                 8 14
                                                                            (continued)
                                       .



                Page    17                 GAO/HRLM%93FS         Dislocated       Workers
Appendix     V
Expenditures     for Transition   From   JTPA   Title
III to EDWAA




                                                                                                 Transition
                                                                                                as percent
                                                                          Transition            of PY 1988
State         ___--~                                                           costs              allotment
Pennsylvania                                                                     25,000                0 28
Rhode Island                                                                          0                0 00
South Carolina                                                                   86.061                3 58
South Dakota           -                                                                  a
Tennessee                                                                     254,446                  541
Texas                                                                       2,536,913                 1144
Utah                                                                                0                  0 00
Vermont                                                                                     n
Vlrainla                                                                                    a
Glngton                                                                          576,732              1109
West Virginia                                                                    167,026               5 18
Wisconsin                                                                        24 1.000              5 77
Wvomlna
aTransltlon costs for these states was not available.

 “TransItIon costs not broken out from admmistrative    costs




  Page   18                                                     GAO/HRD4@93F!S        Dislocated    Workers
Appendix VI

Comparisonof Formula and Discretionary Fund
Allocations by State for PY 1985-88

                                             Formula                     Discsretionary                           Ratio of
                                     Sum of PY                                                             discretiona?
                                           85-88    Percent of       Sum :Ki         Percent of              to formula
                                      Allotment      U.S. total       allotment       U.S. total               allocation
U.S. total”                        $585,941,220         100.00     $190,934,034          100.00                       1.oo

Alabama                               14,880,200           2.54        5,118,835               2.68               ____ 106
Alaska                                  2,058,534          0.35        1,012,486               0.53                     151
Anzona                                 6,096,053           1.04        1,986,616               1.04                     100
Arkansas                                6,623,423          1.13          705,447               0.37                     0 33
Caltfornia                            60,117,530          10.26        7,811,957               4.09                     040
Colorado                                7,383,319          1.26        1,831,199               0.96                     076
Connecticut                             3,239.244          0.55        2.138,852               1.12                     2.03
Delaware                                  811,092          0.14           100,000              0.05                     0.38
District of Columbia                    2,048,400          0.35          350,000               0.18                     0.52
Flonda                                17,688,915           3.02        2,197,879               1.15                     0.38
Georgia                                 9.608,049          164         5,960,225               3.12                     1.90
Hawaii                                  1,295,672          0.22           814.120              0.43                     1.93
Idaho                                   2,710,576          0.46        2,478,352               1.30                     2.81
lllinols                              39,418,380           673        12,248,733               6.42                     0 93
lndlana                               15,317,379           2.61        7,431,814               389                      149
Iowa                                    7,124,907          1.22        8,178,146               428                      352
Kansas                                  3,434,145          0.59        3.549.795               186                      317
Kentucky                              13,198,219           2.25        2,456,850               128                      057
Loulsiana                             20,785,151           3.55        3,027,203                1.58                    0 ii
Maine                                   1,739,659          0.30         1,387,500              0.73                     245
Maryland                                5,407,271          0.92         1.011,224              0.53                     0.57
Massachusetts                           6,282,067           1.07       8.433.386               4.41                     412
Michigan                              36,438,654           6.22        9,912,205               5.18                     083
Minnesota                               7,780.245           1.33       5,541,640               2.90                 ___ 2 19
Misslsslppl                            10,313,822           1.76       3,059,170                1.60                    091
Missouri                               11,343.772           1.94       2.111.320                1.10                    0.57
 Montana                                2.294,976          0 39         1,540,623               081                     2.06
Nebraska                                2,085,976          0.36         1,622,051               0.85                    2.39
 Nevada                                 2,370,590          0.40           202,819               0.11                    026
 New Hampshire                             736,889          0.13          567,465               030                      2.36
 New Jersey                            11,753,400           2.01        2,584,200               135                      067
 New Mexico                             4,304,755           0.73        1,227,636               0.64                     088
                                                                                                                          --
 New York                             35,447,030            6.05      13,117,643                6.86                     1 14
North Carolina                          9,742,476           1.66       2.528,704               132                     -- 080
                                                                                                                  (continued)




                       Page   19                                             GAO/HRD-90-93FS         Dislocated      Workers
                 Appendix    M
                 Comparison     of Formula    and Discretionary
                 Fund Allocations     by State for PY 1985438




                                         Formula                            Discsretionary                            Ratio of
                                 Sum of PY                                                                     discretiona
                                       85-88    Percent of             SumgD::z-         Percent of              to formula Y
                                  Allotment      U.S. total             allotment         U.S. total               allocation
North Dakota                        997,384                 0.17         2,360,180                1.23                    7 26
Ohro                             38,839,183                 6.63         9,173,047                4.80                    0.72
Oklahoma                          9,051,536                 1.54         3,892,372                2.04                    1.32
Oreaon                            8,750.886                 1.49         4,337.744                2.27                    1 52
Pennsvlvanra                     32,343,248                 5.52         6,654,391                3.48                    0.63
Rhode Island                       1,200,484                0.20         1,984,718                1.04                    5 07
South Carolma                      6.975,958                1.19           408,192                0.21                    0.18
South Dakota                         706,018                0.12         1,375,ooo                0.72                    5.98
Tennessee                         13,505,507                2.30         2.206,668                1.16                    0.50
Texas                             43,997,199                7.51         4,150,000                2.17                    0.29
Utah                               2,854,870                0.49         1,899,461                0.99                    2 04
Vermont                              644,114                0.11           528,486                0.28                    2.52
Virgrnra                           6,661,811                1.14         2,781,358                1.45                    1.28
Washrnaton                        13,887,431                2.37          7.119,374               3.72                    1 57
West
___-- Vrrgrnra                     9,597,366                1.64          5,173,681               2.71                    1 65
Wisconsfn                         12,625,254                2.15         12,357,390               6.46                    3.00
Wyoming                            1,422,201                0.24            285,877               0.15                    0.62
                 aThe U S total Includes expendrtures for territorres and possesstons not shown below.
                 bThrs ratio is calculated as the percent of total U S. drscretionary funds recerved by a state drvrded by
                 the percent of total formula funds received by that state.




                  Page   20                                                      GAO/~99-93FS            Dislocated   Workers
Appendix VII

SpendingRatesfor Discretionary F’undsfor PY
1987 and PY 1988 as of the Beginning of
PY 1989
               Figures are percentages
                                                          Program year
                                                           1987               1988
               U.S. total                                   48.1               10.0

               Alabama                                      55.6                 9.2
               Alaska                                              a               0
               Anzona                                       35.7                   0
               Arkansas                                            a            14.0
               California                                          a               0
               Colorado                                            a               0
               Connecticut                                  56.8                   0
               Delaware                                            a               0
               District of Columbia                                a               0
               Florida                                      96.1                 4.7
               Georgia                                      32.5                   0
               Hawaii                                       55.1                   0
               Idaho                                        81.7                15.5
               Illinois                                     75.1                 2.6
               Indiana                                      74.7                17.4
               Iowa                                         67.2                  6.3
               Kansas                                       77.9                  3.2
               Kentucky                                     76.1                    0
               Louisiana                                     6.7                    0
               Maine                                               a                0
               Maryland                                            a                0
               Massachusetts                                77.0                 30.5
               Michiaanu
                                                            29.7                  5.9
               Minnesota                                    59.4                 190
                Mississiooi                                  0.6                    0
                Missouri                                    60.0                    0
                Montana                                    100.0                 22.2
                Nebraska                                    65.0                    0
                Nevada                                             a             16.8
                New Hamoshire                               31.8                    0
                New Jersey                                  74.8                 256
                New Mexico                                         a                0
                New York                                    62.0                  6.8
                North Carolina                              28.0                    0
                North Dakota                                54.5                    0
                                                                         (continued)




                Page   21                GAO/HRlMO-93FS      Dldocated      Workers
Appendix  VII
Spending  Rates for Discretionary Funds   for
PY 1987 and PY 1939 as of the Beginning    of
PY 1989




                                                                 Program year
                                                                  1987             1988
Ohlo                                                                9.5             134
Oklahoma                                                           77.6                0
Oregon                                                             44.1              99
Pennsylvania                                                       56.3                0
Rhode Island                                                       68 2                0
South Carolina                                                            a            0
South Dakota                                                       22.5             31 0
Tennessee                                                                 a            0
Texas                                                              76.1             98.5
I ltah                                                                    a         12.6
Vermont                                                                   a            0
Virginia                                                           13.9              25
Washington                                                          0.7             48.8
West Virainia
         w
                                                                    1.4                 0
Wisconsin                                                          60.0              5.1
Wvomlnq                                                            85.9                 0
aNo dlscretlonary funds received In PY 1987




 Page    22                                     GAO/HRD9@93F!S      Dislocated   Workers
Appendix VIII

Major Contributors to This Fact Sheet


                              Sigurd R. Nilsen, Assistant Director, Employment and Training Issues,
Human Resources                 (202) Fi23-8701
Division,                     Holly Van Houten, Evaluator
Washington, D.C.

                              Robert T. Rogers, Evaluator-in-Charge
Detroit    Re@onal   Office   Richard        Murray   Evaluator

                              Karin Van Egmdnd, Evaluator
                              Patricia Rorie, Management Assistant




                               Page     23                               GAO/HRD9@93F!S   Dislocated   Workers
Related GAO Products




              Job Training Partnership Act: Youth Participant Characteristics, Ser-
              vices, and Outcomes (GAOIHRD-go-46BR, Jan. 24, 1999).

              Dislocated Workers: Labor-Management Committees Enhance Reemploy-
              ment Assistance (GAO/HRD-90-3, Nov. 2 1,1989).

              Job Training Partnership Act: Services and Outcomes for Participants
              with Differing Needs (GAO/HRD-89-52, June 9, 1989).

              Plant Closings: Limited Advance Notice and Assistance Provided Dislo-
              cated Workers (GAO/HRD-87-105, July 17, 1987).

              Dislocated Workers: Exemplary Local Projects Under the Job Training
              Partnership Act (GAO/HRD-87-~OBR,April 8,1987).

              Dislocated Workers: Local Programs and Outcomes Under the Job Train-
              ing Partnership Act (GAOIHRD-87-41, Mar. 5, 1987).
United States                         First-Class Mail
General Accounting    Office        Postage & Fees Paid
Washington,   D.C. 20548                      GAO
                                      Permit No. GlOO
Official   Business
Penalty    for Private   Use $300
Request.s for copies of GAO reports    should be sent to:

I;.S. General Accounting    Office
Post Office Box 60 15
Gaithersburg,  Maryland     20877

Telephone   202-275-624 1

The first five copies of each report   are free. Additional   copies are
$2.00 each.

There is a 25’:) discount   on orders for 100 or more copies mailed to a
single address.

Orders must be prepaid      by cash or by check or money order made
out to the Superintenden       of Documents.