National Security Analysis Issue Area Plan--Fiscal Years 1997-99

Published by the Government Accountability Office on 1997-04-01.

Below is a raw (and likely hideous) rendition of the original report. (PDF)

               United States General Accounting Office

GAO            National Security and International
               Affairs Division

April 1997

               National Security
               Analysis Issue
               Area Plan

               Fiscal Years


               As the investigative arm of Congress and the nation’s auditor, the General
               Accounting Office is charged with following the federal dollar wherever it
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               audits, evaluations, and investigations promote a more efficient and
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               to developing trends that may have significant fiscal or budgetary
               consequences. In fulfilling its responsibilities, GAO performs original
               research and uses hundreds of databases or creates its own when
               information is unavailable elsewhere.

               To ensure that GAO’s resources are directed toward the most important
               issues facing Congress, each of GAO’s 32 issue areas develops a strategic
               plan that describes the significance of the issues it addresses, its
               objectives, and the focus of its work. Each issue area relies heavily on
               input from congressional committees, agency officials, and subject-matter
               experts in developing its strategic plan.

               The National Security Analysis issue area covers programs of the
               Department of Defense (DOD), the individual military services, and other
               supporting defense agencies. GAO’s work in this issue area focuses on
               major DOD initiatives to implement the national military strategy, force
               structure, budget analysis, and intelligence. The principal issues we cover

           •   the extent to which DOD’s initiatives for implementing the national military
               strategy result in the efficient and effective allocation of resources,
           •   the efficiency and effectiveness of DOD’s existing and planned force
           •   the extent to which planned defense budgets accurately reflect the
               projected costs of DOD programs, and
           •   the extent to which the intelligence community is adequately addressing
               the changed threat and new requirements.

               In the pages that follow, we describe our key planned work on these
               important issues.

               Page 1                                                           GAO/IAP-97-1

Because events may significantly affect even the best of plans, our
planning process allows for updating and the flexibility to respond quickly
to emerging issues. If you have any questions or suggestions about this
plan, please call me at (202) 512-3504.

Richard Davis
National Security Analysis

Page 2                                                          GAO/IAP-97-1

Table I: Key Issues
Table II: Planned
Major Work
Table III: GAO

                      Page 3   GAO/IAP-97-1
Table I: Key Issues

Issue                                            Significance
Strategy implementation: Do DOD’s                Since the end of the Cold War, DOD has been undertaking initiatives to adjust its
initiatives to implement the national military   programs and forces to reflect a changed security environment and reduced budgets,
strategy ensure efficient and effective          emphasizing the importance of jointness in its planning and operations. However, many
allocation of resources?                         aspects of DOD’s processes and approaches remain unchanged. Congress, concerned
                                                 about DOD’s progress in adapting to the new environment and the quality of DOD’s
                                                 future planning, has required DOD to complete a quadrennial defense review of strategy,
                                                 force structure, and modernization needs by May 1997.

Force structure: Are DOD’s forces                Congress continues to be concerned about the adequacy of DOD’s planned force
organized efficiently and effectively to         structure. The size and composition of the force will be a key topic in the quadrennial
implement the national military strategy?        defense review. Efforts to size and organize DOD’s forces more efficiently and eliminate
                                                 overlapping capabilities are becoming more important as DOD seeks to modernize its
                                                 forces and achieve long-term readiness within expected budgets.

Budget analysis: Do budgets for national         There is widespread concern in Congress about the adequacy of funding for defense
security programs accurately reflect the         priorities, such as modern weapon systems. DOD is looking to fund its modernization
projected costs of DOD programs?                 plan within the defense budget through various means, including reducing its
                                                 infrastructure. Congress is unsure whether ongoing initiatives will achieve needed
                                                 savings for modernization.

Intelligence: Is the U.S. intelligence           The United States spends tens of billions of dollars each year on intelligence programs,
community adequately addressing the              most of which were developed during the Cold War years. The intelligence community is
changed threat and new requirements?             continuing to undergo major changes because of the changing post Cold War security

                                                 Page 4                                                                      GAO/IAP-97-1
                                               Table I: Key Issues

Objectives                                                                                  Focus of Work
• Evaluate whether DOD’s major initiatives to implement the                                 •Adjustments in defense programs and
national military strategy are based on sound assumptions and will result in an efficient   operations to reflect the changed security
and effective allocation of resources.                                                      environment.

•Assess DOD’s progress in institutionalizing jointness in its programs, processes, and      •Opportunities to identify greater
procedures.                                                                                 efficiencies that maximize force capabilities
                                                                                            within reduced budgets.

                                                                                            •Potential for improving the jointness of
                                                                                            DOD’s planning, requirements
                                                                                            determination, and operations.

•Assess whether DOD has an appropriate mix of combat and support forces to                  •Assessment of key combat and support
implement the national military strategy.                                                   missions.

•Identify opportunities for achieving savings by organizing forces more efficiently or •Potential for consolidating functions
consolidating key functions shared by more than one service, component, or command. among/within services.

•Assess the active/reserve mix and potential to place greater emphasis on less costly       •Opportunities for reshaping role and
reserve forces.                                                                             structure of reserve forces.

• Evaluate the basis for the services’ stated requirements for military, civilian, and      •Service requirements for active military
reserve personnel.                                                                          personnel.
•Assess whether DOD’s budgets are based on accurate data and sound estimates with •Full disclosure of budget assumptions and
lower program and societal costs.                                                 estimates.

•Assess whether DOD’s financial plan and budget execution match its priorities.             •Analyses of defense infrastructure and
                                                                                            appropriations accounts.
•Identify the trends in DOD’s budget and assess the implications of those trends.
                                                                                            •Comparison of spending plans and stated
                                                                                            defense priorities.
•Determine whether unnecessary duplication exists between intelligence organizations        •Consistency of force structure and weapon
and programs.                                                                               needs with threat estimates.

•Evaluate the accuracy of intelligence estimates used to support force structure and        •Intelligence support for peace operations.
weapon acquisitions.

•Assess the role of intelligence agencies in supporting new missions.

                                               Page 5                                                                        GAO/IAP-97-1
Table II: Planned Major Work

               Issue                     Planned Major Job Starts
               Strategy implementation   •Review of DOD’s Quadrennial Defense Review.
                                         •Assess DOD’s progress in achieving jointness
                                         under the Goldwater-Nichols Act.
                                         •Analysis of U.S. information warfare strategies.
                                         •Review of U.S. strategies for critical infrastructure

               Force structure           •Requirements for Army combat forces.
                                         •Assessment of DOD’s Deep Attack Weapons Mix
                                         •Reviews of Air Force, Army, and Navy
                                         requirements for active military personnel.
                                         •Capping report on military and civilian end
                                         strength issues.
                                         •Review of military headquarters force.

               Budget analysis           •Comparison of Fiscal Year 97 and Fiscal Year 98
                                         Future Years Defense Programs.
                                         •Analysis of Bosnia peace operation costs.
                                         •Trends in budget and obligation data in DOD’s
                                         operations and maintenance account.
                                         •Review of DOD’s infrastructure reduction efforts.
                                         •Future Years Defense Program analysis of
                                         central training and force management activities.
                                         •Future Years Defense Program analysis of
                                         acquisition workforce.
               Intelligence              •Reviews of selected intelligence programs as
                                         congressional interests dictate.

               Page 6                                                            GAO/IAP-97-1
Table III: GAO Contacts

Director              Richard Davis       (202) 512-3504

Associate Director    Carol Schuster      (202)512-3958

Assistant Directors   Marvin Casterline
                      Davi D’Agostino
                      Fred Dziadek
                      Jerry Herley
                      Wendy Jaffe
                      Sharon Pickup
                      Steven Sternlieb
                      Janet St. Laurent
                      Gary Weeter

                      Page 7                               GAO/IAP-97-1
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