United States General Accounting Office GAO National Security and International Affairs Division April 1997 National Security Analysis Issue Area Plan Fiscal Years 1997-99 GAO/IAP-97-1 Foreword As the investigative arm of Congress and the nation’s auditor, the General Accounting Office is charged with following the federal dollar wherever it goes. Reflecting stringent standards of objectivity and independence, GAO’s audits, evaluations, and investigations promote a more efficient and cost-effective government; expose waste, fraud, abuse, and mismanagement in federal programs; help Congress target budget reductions; assess financial information management; and alert Congress to developing trends that may have significant fiscal or budgetary consequences. In fulfilling its responsibilities, GAO performs original research and uses hundreds of databases or creates its own when information is unavailable elsewhere. To ensure that GAO’s resources are directed toward the most important issues facing Congress, each of GAO’s 32 issue areas develops a strategic plan that describes the significance of the issues it addresses, its objectives, and the focus of its work. Each issue area relies heavily on input from congressional committees, agency officials, and subject-matter experts in developing its strategic plan. The National Security Analysis issue area covers programs of the Department of Defense (DOD), the individual military services, and other supporting defense agencies. GAO’s work in this issue area focuses on major DOD initiatives to implement the national military strategy, force structure, budget analysis, and intelligence. The principal issues we cover are: • the extent to which DOD’s initiatives for implementing the national military strategy result in the efficient and effective allocation of resources, • the efficiency and effectiveness of DOD’s existing and planned force structure, • the extent to which planned defense budgets accurately reflect the projected costs of DOD programs, and • the extent to which the intelligence community is adequately addressing the changed threat and new requirements. In the pages that follow, we describe our key planned work on these important issues. Page 1 GAO/IAP-97-1 Foreword Because events may significantly affect even the best of plans, our planning process allows for updating and the flexibility to respond quickly to emerging issues. If you have any questions or suggestions about this plan, please call me at (202) 512-3504. Richard Davis Director National Security Analysis Page 2 GAO/IAP-97-1 Contents 1 Foreword 4 Table I: Key Issues 6 Table II: Planned Major Work 7 Table III: GAO Contacts Page 3 GAO/IAP-97-1 Table I: Key Issues Issue Significance Strategy implementation: Do DOD’s Since the end of the Cold War, DOD has been undertaking initiatives to adjust its initiatives to implement the national military programs and forces to reflect a changed security environment and reduced budgets, strategy ensure efficient and effective emphasizing the importance of jointness in its planning and operations. However, many allocation of resources? aspects of DOD’s processes and approaches remain unchanged. Congress, concerned about DOD’s progress in adapting to the new environment and the quality of DOD’s future planning, has required DOD to complete a quadrennial defense review of strategy, force structure, and modernization needs by May 1997. Force structure: Are DOD’s forces Congress continues to be concerned about the adequacy of DOD’s planned force organized efficiently and effectively to structure. The size and composition of the force will be a key topic in the quadrennial implement the national military strategy? defense review. Efforts to size and organize DOD’s forces more efficiently and eliminate overlapping capabilities are becoming more important as DOD seeks to modernize its forces and achieve long-term readiness within expected budgets. Budget analysis: Do budgets for national There is widespread concern in Congress about the adequacy of funding for defense security programs accurately reflect the priorities, such as modern weapon systems. DOD is looking to fund its modernization projected costs of DOD programs? plan within the defense budget through various means, including reducing its infrastructure. Congress is unsure whether ongoing initiatives will achieve needed savings for modernization. Intelligence: Is the U.S. intelligence The United States spends tens of billions of dollars each year on intelligence programs, community adequately addressing the most of which were developed during the Cold War years. The intelligence community is changed threat and new requirements? continuing to undergo major changes because of the changing post Cold War security environment. Page 4 GAO/IAP-97-1 Table I: Key Issues Objectives Focus of Work • Evaluate whether DOD’s major initiatives to implement the •Adjustments in defense programs and national military strategy are based on sound assumptions and will result in an efficient operations to reflect the changed security and effective allocation of resources. environment. •Assess DOD’s progress in institutionalizing jointness in its programs, processes, and •Opportunities to identify greater procedures. efficiencies that maximize force capabilities within reduced budgets. •Potential for improving the jointness of DOD’s planning, requirements determination, and operations. •Assess whether DOD has an appropriate mix of combat and support forces to •Assessment of key combat and support implement the national military strategy. missions. •Identify opportunities for achieving savings by organizing forces more efficiently or •Potential for consolidating functions consolidating key functions shared by more than one service, component, or command. among/within services. •Assess the active/reserve mix and potential to place greater emphasis on less costly •Opportunities for reshaping role and reserve forces. structure of reserve forces. • Evaluate the basis for the services’ stated requirements for military, civilian, and •Service requirements for active military reserve personnel. personnel. •Assess whether DOD’s budgets are based on accurate data and sound estimates with •Full disclosure of budget assumptions and lower program and societal costs. estimates. •Assess whether DOD’s financial plan and budget execution match its priorities. •Analyses of defense infrastructure and appropriations accounts. •Identify the trends in DOD’s budget and assess the implications of those trends. •Comparison of spending plans and stated defense priorities. •Determine whether unnecessary duplication exists between intelligence organizations •Consistency of force structure and weapon and programs. needs with threat estimates. •Evaluate the accuracy of intelligence estimates used to support force structure and •Intelligence support for peace operations. weapon acquisitions. •Assess the role of intelligence agencies in supporting new missions. Page 5 GAO/IAP-97-1 Table II: Planned Major Work Issue Planned Major Job Starts Strategy implementation •Review of DOD’s Quadrennial Defense Review. •Assess DOD’s progress in achieving jointness under the Goldwater-Nichols Act. •Analysis of U.S. information warfare strategies. •Review of U.S. strategies for critical infrastructure protection. Force structure •Requirements for Army combat forces. •Assessment of DOD’s Deep Attack Weapons Mix Study. •Reviews of Air Force, Army, and Navy requirements for active military personnel. •Capping report on military and civilian end strength issues. •Review of military headquarters force. Budget analysis •Comparison of Fiscal Year 97 and Fiscal Year 98 Future Years Defense Programs. •Analysis of Bosnia peace operation costs. •Trends in budget and obligation data in DOD’s operations and maintenance account. •Review of DOD’s infrastructure reduction efforts. •Future Years Defense Program analysis of central training and force management activities. •Future Years Defense Program analysis of acquisition workforce. Intelligence •Reviews of selected intelligence programs as congressional interests dictate. Page 6 GAO/IAP-97-1 Table III: GAO Contacts Director Richard Davis (202) 512-3504 Associate Director Carol Schuster (202)512-3958 Assistant Directors Marvin Casterline Davi D’Agostino Fred Dziadek Jerry Herley Wendy Jaffe Sharon Pickup Steven Sternlieb Janet St. Laurent Gary Weeter Page 7 GAO/IAP-97-1 Ordering Information The first copy of each GAO report and testimony is free. Additional copies are $2 each. 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National Security Analysis Issue Area Plan--Fiscal Years 1997-99
Published by the Government Accountability Office on 1997-04-01.
Below is a raw (and likely hideous) rendition of the original report. (PDF)