oversight

ADP Budget: Potential Reductions to the Department of Defense's Budget Request

Published by the Government Accountability Office on 1990-01-10.

Below is a raw (and likely hideous) rendition of the original report. (PDF)

 c
                 United   &ate;   General   Accounting   Office
                 Report to the Chairman, Subcommittee
GAO              on Defense, Committee on
                 Appropriations, House of
                 Representatives

January   1990
                 ADP BUDGET
                 Potential Reductions to
                 the Department of
                 Defense’s Budget
                 Request
GAO
          United States
          General Accounting  Office
          Washington, D.C. 20548

          Information     Management       and
          Technology     Division

          B-231233

          *January 10, 1990

          The Honorable John P. Murtha
          Chairman, Subcommittee on Defense
          Committee on Appropriations
          House of Representatives

          Dear Mr. Chairman:

          On October 19, 1988, your predecessor asked us to review the Depart-
          ment of Defense fiscal year 1990 budget request for automated data
          processing (ADP) resources to assist the Subcommittee in its budget
          deliberations. This report contains information on budget requests from
          the Departments of the Air Force, Army, and Navy and the Defense
          Communications Agency (DCA)that relate to the World Wide Military
          Command and Control System. It also contains information on four auto-
          mation projects managed by the Air Force. This information provides
          background and budget data and, where appropriate, identifies funds
          requested for fiscal year 1990 that could be eliminated from the Air
          Force’s budget request. We have provided separate reports to you con-
          taining similar information on selected automation projects managed by
          the Departments of the Army’ and the Navy.2

          The following paragraphs summarize information presented in appen-
          dixes I-V, respectively.

      l   In March 1989, responsibility for the joint World Wide Military Com-
          mand and Control System Information System modernization program
          was transferred from the Air Force to EGA.However, Air Force, Army,
          Navy, and DCAfiscal year 1990 budget requests for activities related to
          that program were justified based on the previous program structure.
          Requirements for the restructured joint program will not be finalized
          before mid-January 1990.

          Therefore, the Committee may wish to appropriate fiscal year 1990
          funds for this program with the provision that the funds cannot be obli-
          gated until after (1) DCA’S plans for the system have been approved by
          the Defense Acquisition Board and the Secretary of Defense, (2) the




          ‘ADP Budget: Potential Rmiuctmns to the Department   of the Navy’s Budget Request (GAO/
          IMT
           j    -     Fi




          Page 1                                                   GAO/IMTECXO-12     Potential   Reductions
    B-231233




    any new development contracts for the system until the project has
    received MAISRC approval to proceed. In addition, the system may not
    provide sufficient dollar savings to cover the expected increased acqui-
    sition cost. Therefore, the Committee also may wish to direct the Air
    Force to provide a full funding profile of the system based on a revised
    economic analysis.
l   The Air Force did not include funds from the Depot Maintenance Air
    Force Industrial Fund Asset Capitalization Program in its exhibits for
    the Depot Maintenance Management Information System, as required by
    Defense budget guidance. The Committee may wish to direct the Air
    Force to include these funds in its budget exhibits for the system.

    In addition, the Air Force fiscal year 1989 budget for this system
    included an estimated $2 million in Asset Capitalization Program funds
    that will be available to offset fiscal year 1990 needs.

    Our work was conducted between February and July 1989. As
    requested, we did not obtain official agency comments on this report.
    However, we discussed the report’s contents with Department of
    Defense Inspector General officials, Office of the Comptroller of the
    Department of Defense officials, and program officials and have incor-
    porated their views where appropriate. In general, the program officials
    agreed with our facts, but disagreed that their budget request should be
    affected by those facts. Details regarding the objectives, scope, and
    methodology of our work are described in appendix VI.

    We are sending copies of this report to the Chairmen, House and Senate
    Committees on Appropriations; Chairmen, House and Senate Commit-
    tees on Armed Services; Chairman, House Committee on Government
    Operations; Chairman, Senate Committee on Governmental Affairs; the
    Secretaries of Defense and the Air Force; and the Director, Office of
    Management and Budget. We also will make copies available to others
    upon request.




    Page 3
Page 6   GAO/IMTEGsO-12   Potential   Reductions
                         contents




Appendix VI
Objectives, Scope, and
Methodology
Appendix VII
Major Contributors to
This Report
Tables                   Table 1.1: Budget Authority   Associated With Workstation
                             Acquisitions




                          Abbreviations

                          ADP         Automatic Data Processing
                          DC4         Defense Communications Agency
                          DMMIS       Depot Maintenance Management Information System
                          GAO         General Accounting Office
                          IMTEC       Information Management and Technology Division
                          MAC         Military Airlift Command
                          MAISRC      Major Automated Information System Review Council
                          NORAD       North American Aerospace Defense Command
                          REMIS       Reliability and Maintainability Information System
                          TvJ/a       Integrated Tactical Warning and Attack Assessment
                          WAM         World Wide Military Command and Control System Automatic
                                           Data Processing Modernization
                          WIS         World Wide Military Command and Control System
                                           Information System


                          page 7                                     GAO/lMTEG9@12   PotentidReductions
                     Appendix I
                     World Wide Military   Comma.n d and Control
                     System Automatic    Data Processing
                     Moderniwrtion   Program




                     research, development, test, and evaluation funds and $5.8 million in
                     operation and maintenance funds for WAM(program element 0303154K).
                     Fiscal year 1990 procurement budget requests for service-unique inter-
                     face requirements are included in P-l item 146, Air Force WE, $14.8 mil-
                     lion; P-l item 140, Army WIS,$31.9 million; and P-l item 300B, Navy WIS,
                     $3.7 million.


                     The budget requests for wm-related activities were justified based on
Areas of Concern     the WIS program requirements. Requirements for the restructured joint
                     program will not be finalized until after the Defense Acquisition Board’s
                     review of WAM, which will not occur before mid-January 1990. There-
                     fore, the Committee may wish to appropriate fiscal year 1990 funds for
                     wm-related activities in DC4, as well as in each service, with the provi-
                     sion that the funds cannot be obligated until after (1) DCA’S plans for the
                     system have been approved by the Defense Acquisition Board and the
                     Secretary of Defense, (2) the results of the Boards review have been
                     reported to the Congress, and (3) wm-related products proposed by the
                     services have been reviewed and certified by DCA.

                     We also identified potential reductions to fiscal year 1990 WAM-related
                     budget requests. These are summarized below with details provided in
                     the following sections of this appendix.

                   . The Committee may wish to cut $24.8 million from the services’ fiscal
                     year 1990 procurement budget requests-$10.6 million from the Air
                     Force, $10.5 million from the Army, and $3.7 million from the Navy.
                     These funds are for local area network equipment; however, require-
                     ments for this equipment may not be defined until late fiscal year 1990.
                   . Fiscal year 1987, 1988, and 1989 funds-$18.44     million in procurement
                     funds and $1.44 million in research, development, test, and evaluation
                     funds-that    were appropriated to the Army, Navy, and Air Force for
                     WE workstations remain unobligated and should be available to offset
                     fiscal year 1990 needs. Also, the Air Force was appropriated $468,000
                     in fiscal year 1989 research, development, test, and evaluation funds
                     that remain unobligated and should be available to offset fiscal year
                      1990 needs.




                     Page 9                                        GAO/IMTEGSO-12   Potential   Reductions
Appendix I
World Wide Military Commm d and Control
System Automatic   Data Processing
Modemlmtion    Program




the joint program was transferred to EA. Although an Air Force pro-
gram official said that the software requirement is still valid, the soft-
ware will not be developed until after the Air Force has received WAM
program guidance from DCA,guidance which is not yet defined or
approved.




Page 11                                     GAO/IMTEGSO-12   Potential   Reductions
Appendix JI
Military AirliftcommM       d’s Automatic
Communication      Processors




ordering compliant units. Therefore, the Committee may wish to appro-
priate the $10.813 million in fiscal year 1990 procurement funds that
were requested for processors with the provision that these funds can
only be obligated to purchase units that comply with the standard, espe-
cially since noncompliant units will not be used until they are modified
to be compliant.




Page 13                                     GAO/IMTEC-So-12   Potential   Reductions
Appendix III
NORAD Modernization   Pmgmms   at
Cheyenne Mountain




 1989, after completion of our audit work, the Deputy Secretary of
Defense issued a memorandum authorizing continuation of an integrated
TW/AAmodernization program proposed by the Air Force. Also, an Air
Force official provided a copy of a report to the Congress setting forth
the results of the Defense Acquisition Board’s review. We did not evalu-
ate the contents of the memorandum or the report to the Congress as
part of this assignment.




Page 15                                   GAO/IMTEG!BO-12   Potential   Reductions
Appendix IV
Reliability and Maintainability
Information   system




the Command’s estimate. The agency also identified an additional
 $102.2 million in expected benefits and calculated that costs of the pro-
ject would exceed the benefits by a projected net present value of $2.8
 million. This projection was based on an assumption that full benefits
 would begin accruing earlier than they are now expected.




 Page 17                                    GAO/IMTEGSO-12   Potential   Reductions
Appendix V
Depot Maintenance   Management
Information  System




our inquiries, the DMMIS program director indicated that the program
office has been unable to identify any unique requirements. Of the $3.2
million total, $1.2 million was used to fund other requirements. Thus, $2
million of these funds could be considered excess to the DMMIS fiscal year
1989 funding requirement.




Page 19                                    GAO/lMTEG99-12   Potential   Reductions
Appendix VII

Major Contributors to This Report


                         James R. Watts, Associate Director
Information              John B. Stephenson, Assistant Director
Management and           Nancy A. Simmons, Evaluator-in-Charge
                         Sanford F. Reigle, Evaluator
Technology Division,
Washington, D.C.

                         Frederick R. Cross, Regional Management Representative
Boston Regional Office   Thomas H. Coder, Evaluator
                         Ruben V. Garcia, Evaluator
                         Joseph Rizzo, Evaluator




(610389)                 Page 21                                  GAO/IMTEG90-12   Potential   Reductions
Appendix VI

Objectives, Scope,and Methodology


               Our objectives were to review the Department of the Air Force’s fiscal
               year 1990 budget request for selected general-purpose automated infor-
               mation systems and to provide information on these systems to the Sub-
               committee to assist it in determining whether the systems should be
               funded in the amounts requested. We also included in our review World
               Wide Military Command and Control System programs that are man-
               aged by the Air Force, the Army, the Navy, and the Defense Communi-
               cations Agency. We performed our work in the Washington, D.C. area; at
               the Electronics System Division, Hanscom Air Force Base, Bedford, Mas-
               sachusetts; at the Military Airlift Command, Scott Air Force Base, Illi-
               nois; and at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base in Dayton, Ohio, between
               February and July 1989.

               To obtain budget request information, we examined the Procurement
               Programs (P-l) Department of Defense Budget For Fiscal Years 1990
               and 1991, and the Department of the Air Force’s procurement backup
               book, which contains information on equipment, contracts, and sched-
               ules (including exhibits P-40 and P-22). We also examined the Depart-
               ment of the Air Force’s information technology systems budget (which
               contains exhibits 43A-E) and the Air Force’s research, development,
               test, and evaluation descriptive summaries. We also examined program
               review financial forecast and funding status reports, which show unob-
               ligated funds, program plans and schedules, cost performance reports,
               and contract funds status reports to obtain information on the pro-
               grams’ current schedules and funding status. Also, we met with program
               officials to discuss information in these documents, and to clarify budget
               and program information.

               We discussed issues covered in this report with officials from the
               Department of Defense Office of the Inspector General, the Office of the
               Comptroller of the Department of Defense, and the responsible program
               offices and incorporated their comments where appropriate. As
               requested, we did not obtain official agency comments on this report. We
               conducted our work in accordance with generally accepted government
               auditing standards.




               Page 20                                    GAO/IMTEGsO-12   Potential   Reductions
Depot Maintenance Management
Information System

                   The Air Force is developing the Depot Maintenance Management Infor-
Background         mation System (DMMIS) to modernize and upgrade the current mainte-
                   nance functions of repairing and modifying Air Force weapon systems,
                   subassemblies, or repairable components. This will be accomplished by
                   integrating maintenance management at the Air Force Logistics Com-
                   mand headquarters, five air logistics centers, and the Aerospace Guid-
                   ance and Metrology Center. In 1984, the Air Force estimated the DMMIS
                   system acquisition cost at $85 million and expected full system opera-
                   tion by February 1989. DMMIS was to replace 43 maintenance systems.
                   The Air Force now expects DMMIS to replace 25 systems at a cost of
                   $242.4 million. The system, based on an off-the-shelf commercially
                   available manufacturing resource planning system, is to be implemented
                   in three phases. The first phase, designed to improve the management of
                   maintenance inventory centers, was completed in July 1988. The second
                   and third phases, designed to modernize the entire Air Force depot
                   maintenance system, are scheduled to be fully operational by September
                    1993. The Air Force expects to use DMMIS until 2003.


                   The Air Force has not fully disclosed to the Congress the expected
Areas of Concern   acquisition costs for the DMMIS project. In the fiscal year 199O/fiscal year
                   1991 President’s budget, the Air Force reported $26.8 million in actual
                   and estimated obligations for the DMMIS project in fiscal years 1989
                   through 1993. However, in its December 1988 quarterly progress report,
                   the Air Force Logistics Command estimated that $187.5 million in pro-
                   gram acquisition funding would be required for the same period.
                   Responding to our inquiries about these two significantly different esti-
                   mates, DMMIS project officials explained that the funds shown in the
                   President’s budget did not include funding to be provided under the
                   Depot Maintenance Air Force Industrial Fund Asset Capitalization Pro-
                   gram. Overall, about $228 million of DMMIS'S $242.4 million total acquisi-
                   tion costs are to be funded under the Asset Capitalization Program. The
                   Department of Defense 7110-1M Budget Guidance Manual directs that
                   all funds, including industrial funds for commercial contract services, be
                   reported in the President’s budget exhibits by fiscal year and by source.
                   Given this guidance, the Committee may wish to direct the Air Force to
                   revise its fiscal year 199O/fiscal year 1991 President’s budget exhibits
                   to fully disclose all actual and estimated obligations for DMMIS.

                   In addition, the Air Force fiscal year 1989 budget included an estimated
                   $2 million for DMMIS under the Asset Capitalization Program that will be
                   available for other needs. In fiscal year 1989, the DMMIS project office set
                   aside $3.2 million for site-unique requirements. However, in response to


                   Page18                                      GAO/IMTEGSO-12PotentialReductions
Appendix IV

Reliability and Maintainability
Information System

Background         tion System (REMIS) to improve the readiness and sustainability of Air
                   Force weapon systems and equipment. REMIS is to be the primary Air
                   Force source for base, depot, and contractor maintenance and inspection
                   information, replace 28 operational maintenance information systems,
                   and interface with the Core Automated Maintenance System, the Stand-
                   ard Base Supply System, and the Technology Repair Centers. As origi-
                   nally planned, REMIS was to be contractor developed, operated, and
                   maintained over a 12.year period at a total life cycle cost of $115
                   million.

                   As of March 1989, the Air Force estimated that $86.1 million would be
                   needed to concurrently develop four REMIS subsystems and fully imple-
                   ment REMIS at all six planned sites by January 1990. However, the REMIS
                   project’s development contract is currently being renegotiated to include
                   a centralized data base, rather than a distributed data base architecture.
                   A REMIS project official estimated that contract changes will increase
                   this program cost estimate by about $20 million and delay the project’s
                   schedule about 5 years.


                   The estimated $20 million increase would make total program costs
Areas of Concern   exceed $100 million, the threshold above which systems are subject to
                   Office of the Secretary of Defense management oversight through its
                   Major Automated Information System Review Council (MAISRC). The
                   Office of the Secretary of Defense has delegated REMIS to the Air Force
                   for oversight reviews. A REMIS project official said that the Air Force
                   will wait to see what the actual contract costs will be before assessing
                   the need for MAISRC review and approvals. Specifically, the REMIS deputy
                   program manager stated that once the first subsystem becomes opera-
                   tional, its cost might be deducted from the program, leaving total pro-
                   gram costs under the $100 million MAISRC threshold. However, these
                    costs are part of the total REMIS program costs and should remain in pro-
                    gram cost estimates. The Committee may wish to direct the Air Force
                    not to enter into any new development contracts for REMIS until the pro-
                   ject has received MAISRC approval to proceed.

                   In addition, the Committee may wish to direct the Air Force to prepare a
                   revised economic analysis based on the change to a centralized data base
                   architecture, and based on an Air Force Audit Agency report. Specifi-
                   cally, in a 1988 Air Force Audit Agency review of the Command’s sup-
                   porting documentation for its $5 billion economic benefits estimate for
                   the REMIS system, the audit, agency could substantiate only $100,000 of


                   Page 16                                    GAO/lMTEC9@12   Potential   Reductions
Appendix III

NORAD Modernization Programs at
Cheyenne Mountain

                   The North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD) is responsi-
Background         ble for warning United States and Canadian leaders when North
                   America is under air, missile, or space attack. NORAD’S mission is sup-
                   ported by an Integrated Tactical Warning and Attack Assessment (TW/
                   AA) system. During the early 198Os, the Air Force initiated five separate
                   programs to modernize selected n?i/~~ subsystems that support commu-
                   nications and data processing requirements at NORAD’S Cheyenne Moun-
                   tain complex. These programs are

               . the Communications System Segment Replacement, which will process
                 and control most internal and external communications;
               . the Space Defense Operations Center IV program, which will process
                 data for space defense and space surveillance activities;
               l the Command Center Processing and Display System Replacement,
                 which will process and display ballistic missile warning information;
               l the Survivable Communications Integration System, which will provide
                 for the use of multiple survivable communication media between sen-
                 sors and command centers; and
               l the Granite Sentry program, which will process and display common
                 data for use by all air defense, command post, battle staff, and weather
                 support activities.

                   The Air Force’s fiscal year 1990 budget request included $117.6 million
                   in research, development, test, and evaluation funds for these five pro-
                   grams (program element 0102310F). The Air Force estimates that the
                   total cost for the programs will be over $1.3 billion.

                   During the past year, we reported that the Air Force should reassess the
                   requirement for an immediate Communications System Segment
                   Replacement,’ correct technical design deficiencies in the Space Defense
                   Operations Center IV program,2 and improve management of the five
                   TW/AA modernization programs3 On the basis of our work, the House
                   and Senate Committee of Conference on Appropriations, in its Depart-
                   ment of Defense fiscal year 1989 report, required the Defense Acquisi-
                   tion Board to review the integrated program in fiscal year 1989 and
                   required that review results be reported to the Congress. In October

                                            ‘s Communication System Segment Replacement Program Should Be Reas-
                                       -89-1, Kov 30, 1988).

                   Face   Defense: Management and Technical Problems Delay operations   Center Acquisition      (GAO/
                          - 89 - 18 I Apr. 20, 1989).

                   3Attack Warning: Better Management Required To Resolve NORAD Integration     Deficiencies     (GAO/
                   Ii%i’l’E _89 _26 , July 7,1989).




                   Page 14                                                GAO/IMTEG90-12        Potential      Reductions
Military Airlift Command’s Automatie
Communication Processors

Background        automatic communication processor units, which automatically select
                  the strongest channel for radio communication links. In September 1988,
                  after this contract was awarded, the Department of Defense issued an
                  automatic link establishment standard (Military Standard 188-141A-
                  Inter-operability and Performance Standards for Medium and High Fre-
                  quency Radio Equipment) to promote inter-operability among radio sys-
                  tems across the military services. In December 1988, the Assistant
                  Secretary of Defense for Command, Control, Communications and Intel-
                  ligence directed that the automatic link establishment standard be incor-
                  porated into existing and future high frequency radio programs. The
                  Assistant Secretary also limited the Military Airlift Command’s (MAC)
                   annual production of noncompliant processor units and specified that
                  procurement of noncompliant units could not proceed beyond fiscal year
                   1991.

                  MACobtained about $8.4 million in fiscal year 1989 procurement funds
                  primarily to perform the engineering work needed to modify the proces-
                  sor units so that they comply with the automatic link establishment
                  standard. The MACProgram Element manager for the automatic commu-
                  nication processor program said that the automatic link establishment
                  standard will be implemented before further production of processor
                  units. Also, the Air Force does not plan to use 200 noncompliant units,
                  which were produced before the standard was issued, until after the
                  units have been modified to comply with the standard. The Air Force
                  plans to modify these units by February 1991.

                  The fiscal year 1990 budget request includes $10.813 million in Other
                  Procurement, Air Force funds (P-l item 147) that MAC plans to use to
                  acquire an additional 332 processor units that comply with the
                  standard.


                  The Air Force had planned to award a contract modification in May
Area of Concern   1989 for the engineering work that would make the processor units com-
                  ply with the standard, with the work scheduled for completion by June
                  1990. However, this schedule was delayed due to funding problems and
                  the contract modification was not awarded until August 1989. Adding
                  this contract award delay to the schedule for completing the engineering
                  work would delay completion of the engineering work until late in fiscal
                  year 1990. However, during our November 1989 exit briefing with the
                  Air Force, we were told that the engineering work is now scheduled for
                  completion in December 1989 and that the Air Force plans to begin


                  Page 12                                    GAO/IMTEGSO-12   Potential   Reductions
                                        Appendix I
                                        World Wide Militxtry COINIUUI d and Control
                                        System Autmnatic Data Processing
                                        Modernization   R0gn.m




Funding for Local Area                  The services’ fiscal year 1990 procurement budget requests include
                                        funds for local area network equipment, such as modems, cables, and
Networks May Not Be                     software. To ensure that these items will meet joint program require-
Needed
. ,-.A. Until Fiscal Year               ments, DC4 plans to develop specifications for the services to use in
1YYl                                    acquiring equipment and software. We do not believe that the guidance
                                        on local area networks will be available in time for the services and IXA
                                        to complete testing and purchase equipment in fiscal year 1990. There-
                                        fore, the Committee may wish to cut the fiscal year 1990 budget by the
                                        amounts requested to purchase this equipment.


Appropriations From Prior               The services were appropriated funds in prior fiscal years for WE work-
                                        stations for which WAM workstation requirements have not been devel-
Years Could Be Used to                  oped. The services had planned to use the funds as shown in table I. 1.
Meet Fiscal Year 1990                   Because responsibility for the program has been transferred to DC& that
Requirements                            agency will be defining WAM workstation specifications so that the ser-
                                        vices can ensure that workstations being acquired are properly sized to
                                        accommodate the full complement of information processing require-
                                        ments. LXX guidance on this matter is subject to a successful Joint Opera-
                                        tional Planning and Execution System design review, which has been
                                        deferred until at least mid-January 1990. Upon successful completion of
                                        this review, DCAplans to give the services guidance on the types of
                                        workstations needed to perform all functions of the system.

Table 1.1:Budget Authority Associated
With Workstation Acquisitions           Dollars III millions
                                                                                            Budget Authority
                                                                                              Fiscal Year
                                                                        -~~-___         1907          1900                  1969
                                        Service (Account)
                                        Air Force (Research, Development, Test, and
                                           Evaluation wooram
                                                         -     element 0303152F)           $0          $1.005               $435
                                        Air Force (Procurement)                         3.200               0              11.000
                                        Armv. WIS (Procurement)                             0               0               2.940
                                                                                                                    _.~
                                        Navy WIS (Procurement)                              0               0               1.300
                                        Total                                          $3.200          $1.005             $15.675


                                        In addition, $468,000 that the Air Force received in fiscal year 1989
                                        research, development, test, and evaluation funds for software develop-
                                        ment remain unobligated. The contract that the Air Force had planned
                                        to use to obligate these funds was terminated when responsibility for




                                         Page 10                                      GAO/IMTEGSO-12    Potential    Reductions
World Wide Military Command and Control
System Automatic Data Processing
Modernization Program
              The World Wide Military Command and Control System Information
Background    System (WE) modernization program consisted of a joint program to
              meet computer hardware and software requirements that are needed
              throughout the Department of Defense to support the operational activi-
              ties of U.S. military forces. In addition, the system included service-level
              programs in the Air Force, Army, and Navy to meet service-unique
              requirements, as well as requirements for those programs to interface
              with the joint program.

              On March 6, 1989, the Deputy Secretary of Defense terminated the joint
              WISprogram, which was managed by the Air Force, and transferred
              responsibility for a new joint program, called the World Wide Military
              Command and Control System Automatic Data Processing Moderniza-
              tion (WAM) program, to the Defense Communications Agency (DGA).The
              Deputy Secretary also directed that DCAhold a WAM program review with
              the Defense Acquisition Board. Under LXX management, the joint pro-
              gram objectives remain the same, but the approach to meeting those
              objectives has changed. For example, while the Air Force had planned to
              develop a unique local area network to be used throughout the Depart-
              ment, DCAplans to authorize the services to purchase off-the-shelf, local
              area networks that are compatible with the overall system design.

              DCA   plans to act as a test center and clearinghouse for WAM hardware and
              software. Specifically, the agency will allow no equipment to be con-
              nected or software to be used with WAM before DCYA     authorizes it and cer-
              tifies that it is compatible with WAM,including certifying the
              compatibility of commercially-available local area networks and auto-
              mated message handling systems.

              According to the WAM program manager, DCAinitially plans to devote
              most of its efforts to designing, developing, and implementing the Joint
              Operational Planning and Execution System-the primary computer
              application software for WAM.DCAfirst must obtain review and approval
              of its WAM design and implementation plans from the Defense Acquisi-
              tion Board. Then, based on the results of this review, design changes and
              clarifications may be needed before proceeding with further develop-
              ment and acquisition of WAM and related service-unique programs. As
              agreed-upon requirements are established, LXX will issue implementation
              guidance to users.

               DCA’Sfiscal year 1989 activities were financed through funds trans-
               ferred from the Air Force when its responsibility for the joint WIS pro-
               gram ended. For fiscal year 1990, DCA requested $51.2 million in


               Page 8                                      GAO/IMTJSG90~12   Potential   Reductions
Contents


Letter                                                                              1

Appendix I                                                                          8
World Wide Military    Background                                                   8
                                                                                    9
Command and Control    Areas
                           Of‘Oncern
System Automatic
Data Processing
Modernization
Program
Appendix II                                                                     12
Military Airlift       Background                                               12
                                                                                12
Command’s Automatic    AreaOf‘Oncern
Communication
Processors
Appendix III                                                                    14
NORAD Modernization    Background                                               14
Programs at Cheyenne
Mountain
Appendix IV                                                                     16
Reliability and        Background                                               16
                       Areas of Concern                                         16
Maintainability
Information System
Appendix V                                                                      18
Depot Maintenance      Background                                               18
                       Areas of Concern                                         18
Management
Information System



                       Page 6             GAO/lMTECXlO-12   Potential   Redwtions
B-231233




This report was prepared under the direction of Samuel W. Bowlin,
Director, Defense and Security Information Systems, who can be
reached at (202) 275-4649. Other major contributors are listed in appen-
dix VII.

Sincerely yours,




Ralph V. Carlone
Assistant Comptroller General




Page 4                                    GAO/lMTEGW-12   Potential   Reductions
      5231233




      results of the Board’s review have been reported to the Congress, and
      (3) products proposed by the services have been reviewed and certified
      by DCA as being compatible with joint requirements.

      Additionally, the Committee may wish to reduce $24.8 million from the
      services’ fiscal year 1990 procurement budget requests-$10.6 million
      from the Air Force, $10.5 million from the Army, and $3.7 million from
      the Navy. These funds are for local area network equipment that the
      services may not be ready to procure for the program because require-
      ments for this equipment may not be defined until late fiscal year 1990.

      Finally, we identified $20.35 million in unobligated funds that had been
      appropriated in prior fiscal years to the Army, Navy, Air Force, and DCA
      for equipment and software. Therefore, the Committee may wish to
      reduce the fiscal year 1990 budget requests accordingly, and direct the
      services to use available unobligated funds to meet fiscal year 1990
      needs.

l     According to the program element manager for the Military Airlift Com-
      mand’s automatic communication processor program, a new standard
      that applies to the processors will be implemented before further pro-
      duction. After our audit work was completed, the Air Force said that it
      plans to complete engineering work needed to produce compliant proces-
      sor units in December 1989, several months ahead of schedule. It then
      plans to begin ordering additional units. The Committee may wish to
      appropriate the $10.813 million in fiscal year 1990 procurement funds
      that was requested for processors with the provision that these funds
      can only be obligated to purchase units that comply with the standard.
l     The House and Senate Committee of Conference on Appropriations, in
      its Department of Defense fiscal year 1989 report, required that the
      Defense Acquisition Board review the Integrated Tactical Warning and
      Attack Assessment program in fiscal year 1989 and required that
      review results be reported to the Congress. In October 1989, after com-
      pletion of our audit work, the Deputy Secretary of Defense issued a
      memorandum authorizing continuation of this program. Also, an Air
      Force official provided a copy of a report to the Congress setting forth
      the results of the Defense Acquisition Board’s review. We did not evalu-
       ate the contents of the memorandum or the report to the Congress as
      part of this assignment.
    . After renegotiation of a data base development contract, the Reliability
       and Maintainability Information System’s estimated program costs may
       increase to over $100 million, making the system eligible for review by
      the Major Automated Information System Review Council (MAISRC).
       Therefore, the Committee may wish to direct the Air Force not to enter

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