oversight

ADP Budget: Potential Reductions to the Department of the Air Force's Budget Request

Published by the Government Accountability Office on 1990-09-26.

Below is a raw (and likely hideous) rendition of the original report. (PDF)

             ---.--__------_-.       lirril.cvl   States   (h~nt~ral   Acconllling   Offiw
--7
                                     II3riel’ing Report to the Chairman,
GAO                                  Subctornrnittec~ on Defense, Committee
                                     on Appropriations, House of
                                     i-kpresentatives
----------.
St~~,t>twltwI~ 1!WO
                                     ADP BUDGET
                                     Potential Reductions to
                                     the Department of the
                                     Air Force’s Budget
                                     Request



                                                                                             142507




                                                                       Rr,‘,‘“,ASED
                                   lSTRICTED --Not to be released outaide the
                                  eneral Acdountlng Of&e unless speclflcally
                                 : proved by the Office of Congressional
                                 : lationa

                                 B
                   . .
(;AO,~‘IM?“tl:(:-OO-‘,7I~H
      United States
GAO   General Accounting Office
      Washington, D.C. 20648

      Information Management and
      Technology Division

      B-241073

      September 26,1QQ0

      The Honorable John P. Murtha
      Chairman, Subcommittee on Defense
      Committee on Appropriations
      House of Representatives

      Dear Mr. Chairman:

      On September 5,1989, you asked us to review the Department of
      Defense fiscal year 1991 budget request for automated data processing
      resources to assist the Subcommittee in its budget deliberations. On July
      3, 1990, we briefed your office on our preliminary findings on eleven
      automation projects managed by the Air Force.

      This report updates that briefing with information available when we
      completed our work in September 1990. This information includes back-
      ground and budget data and, where appropriate, identifies funds
      requested for fiscal year 1991 that could be eliminated from the Air
      Force’s budget requests. We have provided a separate report to you con-
      taining similiar information on the Department of the Navy.’ We will
      also be providing a separate report to you containing similar informa-
      tion on selected automation projects managed by the Office of the Secre-
      tary of Defense, Defense agencies, and the Department of the Army.

      We identified potential reductions of $191.6 million to the Air Force’s
      overall fiscal year 1991 Automated Information Systems budget. These
      potential reductions to specific Air Force appropriations include
      $66.6 million from other procurement; $86.4 million from operation and
      maintenance; $26.3 million from research, development, test, and evalu-
      ation; and $13.2 million from military construction. These potential
      reductions are based on our assessment of budget justifications,
      schedule slippages, and program changes for selected information sys-
      tems, Details of these potential reductions are included in appendix I.

      As requested by your office, we did not obtain official agency comments
      on this report. However, we discussed its contents with Department of
      Air Force officials and have incorporated their views where appro-
      priate. Our work was conducted between April and September 1990.


                                s to the Department of the Navy’s Budget Request (GAO/




      Page 1       GAO/IMTEG!M-67BR Potential Reductions to the Air Force’s Budget Request
B241073




Details regarding the objective, scope, and methodology of our work are
described in appendix II.

As agreed with your office, unless you publicly announce the contents
of this report earlier, we plan no further distribution until 30 days from
the date of this letter. At that time, we will send copies of this report to
the Chairmen, House and Senate Committees on Appropriations;
Chairmen, House and Senate Committees on Armed Services; Chairman,
House Committee on Government Operations; Chairman, Senate Com-
mittee on Governmental Affairs; the Secretaries of Defense and the Air
Force; and the Director, Office of Management and Budget. We also will
make copies available to others upon request.

This report was prepared under the direction of Samuel W. Bowlin,
Director, Defense and Security Information Systems, who can be
reached at (202)275-4649. Other major contributors are listed in
appendix III.

Sincerely yours,




Ralph V. Carlone
Assistant Comptroller General




Page 2        GAO/IMTEGSO-57BR Potential Reductions to the Air Force’s Budget Request
Page 3   GA0/IMTRG90457BR Potential Reductions to the Air Force’s Budget Request
Contents


                                                                                                            1

Appendix I                                                                                                 6
Potential Reductions    Air Force Command and Control Systems (AFCBS)
                        Air Force Equipment Management System (AFEMS)
                                                                                                           6
                                                                                                           7
to Air Force            Automated Technical Order System (AXIS)                                            9
Automated               Core Automated Maintenance System (CAMS)                                          11
Information Systems     Combat Ammunition System (GAS)                                                    12
                        Contracting Data Management System (CDMS)                                         13
                        Depot Maintenance Management Information System                                   16
                              (DMMIS)
                        Military Airlift Command, Command & Control                                       18
                              Information Processing System (MAC C2 IPS)
                        Reliability and Maintainability Information System                                20
                              (REMIS)
                        Strategic War Planning System (SWPS)                                              22
                        Tinker Air Force Base Military Construction Program                               24

Appendix II                                                                                               26
Objective, Scope,and
Methodology
Appendix III                                                                                              27
Major Contributors to
This Report
Tables                  Table I. 1: Potential Reductions to Air Force Automated                            6
                            Information System Budget
                        Table 1.2: AFCBS Fiscal Year 1991 Budget Request                                   7
                        Table 1.3: AFEMS Fiscal Year 1991 Budget Request                                   8
                        Table 1.4: ATOS Fiscal Year 1991 Budget Request                                    9
                        Table 1.5: CAMS Fiscal Year 1991 Budget Request                                   11
                        Table 1.6: CAS Fiscal Year 1991 Budget Request                                    12
                        Table 1.7: CDMS Fiscal Year 1991 Budget Request and                               14
                            Prior Year Funding
                        Table 1.8: DMMIS Fiscal Year 1991 Budget Request                                  16
                        Table 1.9: MAC C2 IPS Fiscal Year 1991 Budget Request                             19
                        Table 1.10: REMIS Fiscal Year 1991 Budget Request                                 20
                        Table I.1 1: SWPS Fiscal Year 1991 Budget Request                                 23


                        Page 4       GAO/IMTEWO-67BR   Potential Reductions to the Air Force’s Budget Request
Contenta




Table 1.12: Tinker Air Force Base New ADP Facility                                   26
    Project Fiscal Year 1991 Budget Request




Abbreviations

ADP      automated data processing
AFCBS    Air Force Command and Control Systems
AFEMS    Air Force Equipment Management System
A'IW     Automated Technical Order System
CAMS     Core Automated Maintenance System
CAS      Combat Ammunition System
CDMS     Contracting Data Management System
CIM      Corporate Information Management
DLA      Defense Logistics Agency
DMMIS Depot Maintenanace Management Information System
GAO      General Accounting Office
IMTEC    Information Management and Technology Division
*JUSTIS Joint Uniform Services Technical Information System
MACc2 IPSMilitary Airlift Command, Command and Control Information
             Processing System
MAISRC Major Automated Information System Review Committee
REMIS    Reliability and Maintability Information System
SWPS Strategic War Planning System


Page 6          GAO/IMTJZG9O-67BR Potential Reductions to the Air Force’s Budget Request
Potential Reductionsto Air ForceAutomated t
Information Systems

                                         We identified a potential budget reduction of $191.5 million from the Air
                                         Force’s Automated Information Systems budget. Table I. 1 shows the
                                         potential reductions to the programs.

Table 1.1: Potential Reductions to Air
Force Automated Information System       Dollars in millions
Budget                                                                           Fiscal Year 1991
                                                                                                         Research,
                                                                                                      deve:Bo,Ptm,e,ndt’
                                                                      Operation and       Other                             Military
                                         Air Force programs            maintenance procurement          evaluhion     construction     Total
                                         AFC2S                                  $10.6                                                  $10.6
                                         AFEMS                                   12.2                                                   12.2
                                         ATOS                                     2.9                                       -2.9
                                         CAMS                                    11.2                                                   11.2
                                         CAS                                      4.9        $10.8                                      15.7
                                         CDMS                                    18.5                                                   18.5
                                         DMMIS                                                 37.0                                     37.0
                                         MAC IPS                                               14.3                                     14.3
                                         REMIS                                   19.4                                                   19.4
                                         SWPS                                     6.7           3.5           $26.3                     36.5
                                         Tinker                                                                                $13.2    13.2
                                         Total                                 $86.4         $65.6            $26.3           $13.2 $191.5




Air Force Command
and Control Systems
(AFC2S)

Description of Program                   The AFCBSprogram is a modernization of multiple command and control
                                         automated information systems. The purpose of this program is to pro-
                                         vide commanders with current, accurate information on the status of
                                         forces and support resources needed to efficiently and effectively allo-
                                         cate and employ combat and support forces. The program is part of an
                                         overall Air Force command and control systems upgrade. The functional
                                         areas supported by these systems are logistics, personnel, maintenance,
                                         operations, fuels, munitions, and supply. Table I.2 shows funds
                                         requested for fiscal year 1991 for AFCBS.




                                         Page 6                GAO/IMTEGSO-67BR Potential Reductions to the Ah Force’s Budget Request
                                          Appendix I
                                          Potential Reductions to Air Force Automated
                                          Information Systems




Table 1.2:AFC28 Flrcal Year 1991 Budget
Rrquert                                   Dollars in millions
                                          Source of funds                                                                 Fiscal Year 1991
                                          Military personnel
                                          -___                                                                                         $2.9
                                          Operation and maintenance                                                                    25.7
                                          Other procurement                                                                             11.7
                                          Total                                                                                       $40.3
                                          Source: 43A-1 exhibit for AFC2S.l



Results of Analysis                       We identified a potential reduction of $10.6 million from the Air Force’s
                                          fiscal year 1991 request for operation and maintenance funds. The Air
                                          Force is requesting $25.7 million for operation and maintenance for
                                          AFCBS,of which $21.4 million is identified for systems analysis and pro-
                                          gramming requirements. However, the Air Force’s justification for the
                                          $21.4 million identifies only $10.8 million as needed for fiscal year 1991.
                                          The program office could not provide any additional justification for the
                                          remaining $10.6 million. Consequently, the Committee may wish to con-
                                          sider reducing the Air Force’s operation and maintenance appropriation
                                          by $10.6 million.



Air Force Equipment
Management System
(AFEMS)

Description of Program                    The AFEMS modernization program is intended to give the Air Force a
                                          tool that equipment managers will use to budget, compute requirements,
                                          authorize and account for support equipment assets, and forecast future
                                          needs. AFEMSoriginated in 1986 and will replace 10 existing systems
                                          with a single on-line system. In January 1990, the Air Force awarded a
                                          firm-fixed-price contract valued at about $70 million to develop AFEMS.
                                          As of June 1, 1990, the Air Force estimated AFEMSprogram costs at
                                          $86 million and said full operational capability will be achieved by Sep-
                                          tember 1993. Table I.3 shows funds requested for fiscal year 1991 for
                                          AFEMS.



                                          ‘The budget exhibit 43A-1 is required by Office of Management and Budget Circular A-l 1 and pro-
                                          vides a report of an agency’s estimates for information technology activities.



                                          Page 7                GAO/IMTEG90-67BR Potential Reductions to the Air Force’s Budget Request
                                    Appendix I                                                                             f
                                    Potential Reductionrr to Air Force Automated
                                    Iufonnation Syeteme




Table 1.3: AFEMS Fiscal Year 1991
Budget Request                      Dollars in millions
                                    Source of funds                                                             Fiscal Year 1991
                                    Operation and maintenance                                                                  $12.2
                                    Total                                                                                      $12.2
                                    Source: 438-l exhibit on Miscellaneous Development for AFEMS



Results of Analysis                 The future and benefits of the AFEMS program are not certain. As dis-
                                    cussed below, the Air Force does not plan to provide sufficient funds to
                                    meet AFEMS requirements and contract obligations in fiscal year 1991
                                    and beyond. Further, the Air Force has not adequately proven that the
                                    benefits of this program support its continued development. Until these
                                    two shortcomings are corrected, the Committee may wish to withhold
                                    AFEMS funding requested for fiscal year 199 1.

F’uture of AF’EMS Is Not Ckrtain    The Air Force’s approved AFEMS funding for fiscal year 1991 through
                                    fiscal year 1994 is significantly less than the program manager’s esti-
                                    mated program funding needs. The projected shortfall during this period
                                    is $16.9 million. For fiscal year 1991, the deputy program manager has
                                    projected an $8.1 million shortfall in operation and maintenance funds.
                                    According to program officials, this will have a dramatic impact on
                                    system development in that these funds are needed to exercise crucial
                                    development options covering activities from system design review
                                    through production validation review. The program manager said that
                                    these options must be exercised by December 1990 to avoid terminating
                                    the development contract. In fact, given the projected fiscal years 1991-
                                    1994 funding shortfalls, the future of completing AFEMS as currently
                                    planned is uncertain.

                                    Therefore, before giving the Air Force its requested funds for AFEMS, the
                                    Committee may wish to direct the Air Force to provide a detailed
                                    funding plan for AFEMS for fiscal year 1991 and beyond. If that plan does
                                    not adequately justify Air Forces partial funding for AFEMS in fiscal year
                                    1991, then the Committee may wish to withhold the AFEMS' fiscal year
                                    1991 budget request of $12.2 million.

Benefits of AFEMS Are Not           In our December 1989 report,2 we stated that none of AFEMS $3.4 billion
certain                             expected benefits estimated by the Air Force were supported in its eco-
                                    nomic analysis. To determine if continued development is justified, we

                                    2AirForceADP: SystemsFundedWithoutAdequateCost/BenefitAnalyses(GAO/IMTEGQOS,Dec.
                                    28,1Q8Q).


                                    Page g                GAO/IMTEGO-57BR   Potential Reductions to the Air Force’s Budget Request
                                         Potential Reduetiona to Air Force Automated
                                         Information Syetema




                                         recommended that the Air Force reevaluate the cost effectiveness of
                                         AFEMSby updating the cost/benefit analysis. In June 1990, the Air Force
                                         Audit Agency began validating the AFEMScost/benefit analysis and,
                                         according to an agency official, a report is not expected to be issued
                                         until March 1991. Until the Air Force Audit Agency validates the bene-
                                         fits expected from the AFEMSprogram, there is no assurance the AFEMS
                                         benefits will justify the expense needed to develop the program. There-
                                         fore, the Committee may wish to consider withholding funding the
                                         $12.2 million fiscal year 1991 request until the Air Force Audit Agency
                                         validates the benefits. Further, if the Air Force’s cost/benefit analysis
                                         does not support continued development, the Committee may wish to
                                         direct the Air Force to cancel this program.



Automated Technical
Order System (ATOS)

Description of Program                       is an Air Force Logistics Command initiative which was designed to
                                         ADIOS
                                         improve its ability to update technical orders, and to make this process
                                         more cost effective, accurate, and timely. AIDS was intended to help the
                                         Logistics Command move from a paper-based method of changing its
                                         technical orders to a computerized system. These technical orders
                                         include information, instructions, and safety procedures needed for the
                                         operation, maintenance, inspection, modification, and supply support of
                                         systems and equipment. Air Force units that use ATDSare located at each
                                         of the five Air Logistics Centers and the Aerospace Guidance and
                                         Metrology Center. ACIDS  was initiated in 1982 and achieved full operating
                                         capability in 1987. The Air Force is paying about $5 million annually-
                                         $2.2 million for equipment maintenance, $2.3 million for personnel,
                                         $0.44 million for contractor technical representatives, and $0.06 million
                                         for supplies. Table I.4 shows requested funding for hardware mainte-
                                         nance and miscellaneous data processing costs in fiscal year 1991 for
                                         AXH.

Table 1.4:ATOS Fircal Year 1991 Budget
Raquest                                  Dollars in millions
                                         Source of funds                                                             Fiscal Year 1991
                                         Operation and maintenance                                                                $2.9
                    Y                    Total                                                                                    $2.9
                                         Source: extracted from Information provided by the program manager.




                                         Page 9                GAO/IMTEG90457BR Potential Reductiona to the Air Force’s Budget Request
                      Appendix  I
                      Potential Reductions to Air Force Automated
                      Inform&ion System.9




Results of Analysis   We identified potential reductions of $2.9 million to the fiscal year 1991
                      budget request for ~'10s.Our analysis shows that continuing to fund Am
                      is not cost effective since contractors can perform the same tasks at far
                      less cost.

                      In our August 1990 report3 we stated that the A'IW system, as it cur-
                      rently operates, is not cost effective and the additional funds needed to
                      load technical data into ARE are not justified. We based our conclusion
                      on the following three reasons. First, AmS is being used to make less
                      than 3 percent of technical order revisions (most are done by contrac-
                      tors). Second, using AIDS to revise technical orders costs the Air Force
                      over six times more than using contractors-$74.46       per page compared
                      to $11.42 per page. Third, even if the Command invests another
                      $100 million to enable it to do a larger share of the work load, using ATo6
                      would still cost three times more than using contractors.

                      The Air Force, acknowledging that using ATOScurrently costs more than
                      using contractors, contends that Am should continue because its tech-
                      nical order data base will eventually be used in a future, larger technical
                      order management system- the Joint Uniform Services Technical Infor-
                      mation System (JUSTE). However, because JUSTEis in the early planning
                      stage and data needs have not yet been defined, any effort expended
                      now to build a data base could be wasted. Therefore, we recommended
                      that the Command discontinue building the AlW data base and use con-
                      tractors to make all technical order changes.

                      Consequently, the Committee may wish to not appropriate any of the
                      $2.9 million operation and maintenance funds requested in the ADP
                      budget for Am!3 in fiscal year 1991. However, since we did not determine
                      the amount needed to “wind down” the use of the system and to pay for
                      the additional contractor support, the Committee may wish to consider
                      appropriating some of these funds for this purpose.




                      3Air Force ADP: Millions Can Be Saved If Technical Order System Is Discontinued   (GAO/
                      I!@l'E7XO-72, Aug.23, 1990).



                      Page 10           GAO/IMTEGfMJ-S7BR Potential Reductions to the Air Force’s Budget Request
                                         Appendix I
                                         Pot.mtial Reductiox~ to Air Force Automatad
                                         Information Systema




Core Automated
Maintenance System
((=AMS)

Description of ‘krogram                  CAMS  is an Air Force standard base-level automated maintenance infor-
                                         mation management system. The system will support all aircraft,
                                         ground-launched cruise missiles, communication-electronics, and sup
                                         port equipment maintenance activities at 111 Air Force sites, 163 Air
                                         National Guard/Air Force Reserve sites, and selected North Atlantic
                                         Treaty Organization locations. CAMS replaces existing manual data collec-
                                         tion and work order systems by providing on-line terminals connected to
                                         the standard Base-Level Computer system throughout the maintenance
                                         complexes. CAMS automates aircraft history, aircraft scheduling, and the
                                         aircrew debriefing process, and provides a common interface for
                                         entering base-level maintenance data into other standard logistics man-
                                         agement systems. Table I.5 shows funds requested for fiscal year 1991
                                         for CAMS.

Table 1.5:CAMS Fiscal Year 1991 Budget
Request                                  Dollars in millions
                                         Source of funds                                                              Fiscal Year 1991
                                         Operation
                                         ~-       __-and maintenance                                                             $18.9
                                         Other
                                         .___   procurement
                                                   ..---                                                                           4.9
                                         Total                                                                                   $23.9
                                         Source: 43A-1 exhibit for CAMS.



Results of Analysis                      We identified a potential reduction of $11.2 million from the Air Force’s
                                          fiscal year 1991 request for operation and maintenance funds. The Air
                                         Force is requesting $18.9 million in operation and maintenance funding
                                          for CAMS, of which $17 million is identified for systems analysis and pro-
                                         gramming requirements. However, the Air Force’s documentation sup
                                         ports only $5.8 million as needed for system analysis and programming
                                          in fiscal year 1991. The program office could not provide any additional
                                         justification for the remaining $11.2 million. Consequently, the Com-
                                         mittee may wish to consider reducing the Air Force’s operation and
                                         maintenance appropriation by $11.2 million.




                                         Page 11               GAO/IldTEG90-57BR Potential Reductions to the Air Force’s Budget Request
                                                                                                                                   ,

                                        APRencur I                                                                                        .
                                        Potintial lteductio~ to Air Force Automated
                                        Infonnatlon Systems




Combat Ammunition
System(CAS)

Description of Program                  The CASprogram was initiated in 1983 to automate support for Air
                                        Force munitions activities worldwide. By automating these activities,
                                        the Air Force expects to improve munitions management by providing
                                        commanders accurate, timely information on the status of munitions at
                                        bases, alternate storage locations, and transportation resources. It will
                                        also maintain base ammunition objectives and ammunition expenditure
                                        data. Initial operational capability was established in May 1988, and
                                        final operational capability is scheduled for November 1996. Table I.6
                                        shows funds requested for fiscal year 1991 for CU.

Table 1.6:CA8 Flrcal Year 1991 Budget
Requert                                 Dollars in millions
                                        Source of funds                                                                   Fiscal Year 1991
                                        ODeration and maintenance                                                                         $15.2
                                        Other procurement                                                                                   10.8
                                        Total                                                                                             $26.0
                                        Source: 43A-1 exhibit for CAS.



Results of Analysis                     We identified a potential reduction of $16.7 million to the CASfiscal year
                                        1991 budget request-$4.9 million in operation and maintenance funds
                                        and $10.8 million in other procurement funds. Our review of the CASpro-
                                        gram determined that the management of this program has not complied
                                        with Department of Defense life cycle management policies. The pro-
                                        gram has not been reviewed by the Office of the Secretary of Defense or
                                        Air Force headquarters staff nor has the program office prepared a
                                        cost/benefit analysis as required.

                                        Neither the Office of the Secretary of Defense’s Major Automated Infor-
                                        mation System Review Committee (MAISRC)~ nor the Air Force’s Auto-
                                        mated Information System Review Council has reviewed or approved
                                        this program at established milestones, as required by Defense regula-
                                        tion. In June 1990, the Air Force estimated that the CASprogram costs
                                        will be about $278 million. Program cost includes all costs for a system


                                        4This committee was created within the Office of the Secretary of Defense to provide structured
                                        oversight and ensure prudent fiscal management in acquiring mJor information system.



                                        Page 12               GAO/lMTEGwld7BR     Potential Reduction8 to the Air Force’s Budget Request
                         Appendix I
                         Potential Reductiona to Air Force Aut~matad
                         InformWon Symms




                         from initation through implementation. Defense policy requires over-
                         sight reviews if program costs for a system exceed $26 million in 1 year
                         or $100 million total.

                         A complete and independently verified economic analysis has not been
                         prepared for the program. The previous CASprogram manager said that
                         the Navy did an economic analysis in 1981 for a similar system, Logis-
                         tics Applications of Automated Marking and Reading Symbols, which
                         showed that for that system, benefits were greater than the costs. Based
                         on the results of the Navy’s analysis, the Air Force deemed w to be cost
                         effective. However, the CASprogram element monitor6 said that GW func-
                         tional requirements are far greater than those of the Navy’s system.

                         In summary, we determined that the CASprogram has not been formally
                         reviewed as required by Defense regulation or justified by a valid cost/
                         benefit analysis. The Air Force also needs to update its program cost
                         estimates. Therefore, the Committee may wish to direct the MAISRC to
                         hold a formal milestone review and validate the program’s cost and ben-
                         efits. The Committee may also wish to withhold the $10.8 million in
                         other procurement funds which is being requested for hardware and
                         $4.9 million in operation and maintenance funding which is being
                         requested for site preparation and new development in fiscal year 1991
                         until the MAISRC reviews and validates program costs and benefits.



Contracting Data
Management System
(CDMS)

Description of Program   CDMS  is an automated information system being developed by the Air
                         Force Logistics Command to support centralized wholesale contracting
                         for spare parts, repairs, and maintenance services. It will automate the
                         acquisition process from receipt of requirements through contract
                         closeout. The program began in 1982 to: (1) improve the accuracy of
                         contracting data, (2) automate contractual documents, (3) improve
                         source and target price development, and (4) allow data exchange with
                         other Department of Defense contract administration activities. In Sep-
                         tember 1986, the Command awarded a cost-plus-fixed-fee contract

                         6A program element monitor is a liaison between the project office and the managers at Air Force
                         Headquarters.



                         Page 13           GAO/IMTEGBO-57BR Potential Reductions to the Air Force’s Budget Request
                                          Appendix I
                                          Potential Reductiona to Air Force Automated
                                          Information Systems




                                          valued at $33.3 million for system development and implementation. At
                                          that time, the Command estimated the system would cost about $49 mil-
                                          lion to develop and would achieve full operational capability by June
                                          1990.

                                          In early fiscal year 1988, the CDMSprogram was restructured to address
                                          software development problems. As a result, CDMSprogram costs
                                          increased $24.8 million from $49 million to $73.8 million while the
                                          schedule slipped almost 4 years. As of June 30, 1990, the Command esti-
                                          mated the CDMSprogram would achieve full operational capability by
                                          March 1994 rather than June 1990. The latest life cycle cost estimate is
                                          $206.7 million and, as of April 30, 1990, about $46.4 million had been
                                          obligated for system development.

                                          In July 1988, the Air Force briefed the MAISRCon the restructured pro-
                                          gram. Following this briefing, the MAISRCdirected the Air Force to con-
                                          duct a technical and cost revalidation for the program. In October 1988,
                                          the technical approach was revalidated by the Air Force Automated
                                          Information Systems Acquisition Review Council. However, because the
                                          Air Force had not prepared the required cost assessment, the MAISRC
                                          directed the Air Force to: (1) present the CDMSprogram for a Milestone I
                                          (i.e., concept approval decision) revalidation review by March 1990;
                                          (2) complete the cost assessment before the review; and (3) restrict pro-
                                          gram spending to the minimum prudent level until the assessment and
                                          MAISRCrevalidation review are completed. As of July 12, 1990, this
                                          revalidation had not been conducted and has not been scheduled. Table
                                          I.7 shows prior year funding plus funds requested for fiscal year 1991
                                          for CDMS.

Table 1.f: CDMS Fircal Year 1991 Budget
Requeat and Prior Year Fundlng            Dollars in millions
                                                                                                                   Fiscal Year
                                          Source of funds                                                        1991             1990
                                          ODeration and maintenance                                             $13.5             $13.3
                                          Total                                                                 $13.5            $13.3
                                          Source: 43A-1 exhibit for CDMS.



Results of Analysis                       We identified potential reductions to CDMSin the Air Force’s fiscal year
                                          1991 budget request for operation and maintenance of $13.5 million and
                    I/
                                          another $5 million from the overall Air Force operation and mainte-
                                          nance request for information technology. Our analysis shows that the
                                          Air Force plans to spend $13.5 million of operation and maintenance


                                          Page 14               GAO/IMTEGgO-67BR Potential Reductions to the Air Force’s Budget Request
.       Appendix   I
        Potential Reductiona to Air Force Automated
        Inform&Ion Systems




        funds to continue developing CDMSwhen the program’s future is uncer-
        tain and MAISRChas not approved the system concept. Further, we iden-
        tified another $5 million of fiscal year 1990 appropriated funds for CDMS
        that were reprogrammed for another purpose.

        We identified $13.5 million, requested for fiscal year 1991, that could be
        reduced because Defense plans call for consolidating all contract admin-
        istration services in the Defense Logistics Agency (DIA). In October
        1989, the Deputy Secretary of Defense established a corporate informa-
        tion management (CIM) initiative to eliminate duplication of efforts in
        the development and maintenance of information systems designed to
        meet a single functional requirement. Under this initiative, CDMSis one
        of four systems being considered for standardizing wholesale con-
        tracting of spare parts, repairs, and maintenance services. The other
        systems are:

    l Integrated Procurement System, Department of the Army
    . Procurement Early Development, Department of the Navy
    . DLA Pre-Award Contracting System, Defense Logistics Agency

        However, a CIM functional working group’s May 15, 1990, draft report,
        entitled Automated Procurement Systems in the Defense Logistics
        Agency and the Military Services, stated that the Air Force’s CDMS
        system is not a viable candidate for standardization. The group based its
        conclusion on its criteria that planned, but non-operational systems, are
        not appropriate for standardization or sharing. As stated above, CDMSis
        not expected to achieve full operational capability until March 1994.
        Consequently, funding of this program could be premature until the
        draft report of the CIM functional group is finalized.

        Our review also determined that the Air Force will not obligate about
        $5 million of its appropriated fiscal year 1990 funds for CDMS.The pro-
        gram office had planned to obligate $5.1 million of its appropriated
        $13.3 million on a specific contract option relating to CDMS.However,
        program officials have now decided that it is too late in the fiscal year to
        exercise the contract option; they have declared $5 million as excess and
        have subsequently reprogrammed these funds for use outside the CDMS
        program.

        Since the MAISRChas not yet reviewed and approved the program’s new
        scope, cost, and benefits, and because of the preliminary decision of the
        CIM functional working group, the Committee may wish to withhold
        $13.5 million of the Air Force’s operation and maintenance funding


        Page 15          GAO/IMTEGBO-57BR Potential Reductions to the Air Force’s Budget Request
                                                                                                                         .

                                    Appendlx I                                                                               .
                                    Potential Reductions to Air Force Automated
                                    Iufonuation Systems




                                    request until the CIM functional group finalizes its study and the MAISRC
                                    reviews CDMS.Further, since the Air Force has reprogrammed fiscal year
                                    1990 funds of about $5 million to another program, the Committee may
                                    also want to reduce the overall ADPoperation and maintenance request
                                    for fiscal year 1991 by $5 million.


Depot Maintenance
Management
Information System
(DMMIS)

Description of Program              DMMISis an automated system being developed by the Air Force Logistics
                                    Command to improve the overall efficiency and effectiveness of its
                                    depot maintenance operations. DMMISis expected to provide repair
                                    depots with on-line capability to forecast work loads; schedule repair
                                    activities; track and control inventories; program manpower, materials
                                    and other resources; and track and manage production costs. The Com-
                                    mand plans to purchase hardware and adapt commercial off-the-shelf
                                    software, called Manufacturing Resources Planning, for each of 19
                                    product divisions at its six centers. DMMISwill replace 29 existing main-
                                    tenance systems and will require about ‘2.5 million lines of source code.

                                    In 1984, the Air Force estimated DMMIS'Sprogram cost at $85 million and
                                    expected the system to be at full operating capability in February 1989.
                                    However, since its inception, the DMMISprogram has encountered major
                                    development problems and significant cost and schedule growth. The
                                    Air Force now estimates program cost at $242.4 million with full oper-
                                    ating capability expected by September 1993. The latest life cycle cost
                                    estimate is about $575 million. As of June 30, 1990, about $68.5 million
                                    had been obligated for system development. Table I.8 shows funds
                                    requested for fiscal year 1991 for DMMIS.

Table 1.8: DMMIS Fiscal Year 1991
Budget Request                      Dollars in millions
                                    Source of Funds                                                              Fiscal Year 1991
                                    Operation and Maintenance                                                                 $8.6
                     Y              Other Procurement                                                                         37.0
                                    Total                                                                                   645.6
                                    Source: 43A-1 exhibit for DMMIS.



                                    Page 16               GAO/IMTJCCXJO-67BRPotential Reductions to the Air Force’s Budget Request
     .



                      Potential Reductions to Air Force. Automated
                      Infonaation Syrt.81~




Results of Analysis   We identified a potential reduction of $37 million from the Air Force’s
                      fiscal year 1991 request in other procurement funds for DMMIS. Our anal-
                      ysis shows that the Air Force plans to continue spending funds on
                      system development when it has not successfully completed its required
                      milestone review. The Air Force also plans to spend about $6.5 million
                      of the $37 million on developing DMMIS at several locations before testing
                      its prototype system. In May 1990, we recommended6 that the Air Force
                      complete its testing of the prototype prior to any new development.

                      In June 1989, the Defense Department’s MAISRC expressed concerns
                      about the risks affecting DMMIS development. Although the MAISRC revali-
                      dated the DMMIS Milestone I (Concept Development) decision, it deferred
                      Milestone II (Definition and Design) approval pending completion of a
                      risk management plan. In June 1989, the Air Force restructured the
                      DMMIS program and is currently negotiating changes with its primary
                      contractor that will significantly alter the DMMIS scope and implementa-
                      tion approach. In November 1989, the Command completed its risk man-
                      agement plan. As of July 1990, the MAISRC, however, has yet to schedule
                      a Milestone II review and has not accepted Air Force’s risk management
                      phi.

                      Prior to restructuring, the Air Force intended to complete installation
                      and testing of DMMIS for one product division-the   Industrial Products
                      and Landing Gear Division-at the Ogden site (currently scheduled for
                      February 1991) before beginning work at additional sites. But, as a
                      result of the restructuring, the Air Force began work at two other
                      product divisions at the Ogden site and planned to begin system devel-
                      opment and installation at two other locations in July 1990. Therefore,
                      the Command will be developing DMMIS for five product divisions at
                      three locations at the same time, before the system has been tested and
                      proven to work anywhere.

                      As we reported in May 1990, this new approach adds risk to an already
                      risky program. We recommended that the Secretary of Defense direct
                      the Secretary of the Air Force to complete the prototype system at the
                      Ogden Industrial Products and Landing Gear Division before committing
                      resources to develop DMMIS at other product divisions. However, in its
                      proposed fiscal year 1991 budget, the Air Force plans to spend at least
                      $6.5 million for system development at other product divisions.


                      ‘Air Force ADP: Depot Maintenance System Development Risks Are High (GAO/IMTEC-90-46, May
                      26,199O).



                      Page 17           GAO/IlWTEGSO-57BR Potential Reductious to the Air Force’s Budget Request
                         Appendix I                                                                            ,
                         Potential Reductions to Air Force Automated
                         Mormation Systems




                         The Committee may wish to withhold $37 million requested for other
                         procurement until the Air Force successfully completes its MAISRC
                         review.



Military Airlift
Command, Command
& Control Information
ProcessingSystem
(MAC C2 IPS)

Description of Program   The Information Processing System is intended to automate airlift infor-
                         mation to show data such as aircraft and cargo locations, scheduling of
                         aircraft flights, and maintenance status. The Air Force estimates pro-
                         gram costs at $237 million and life cycle costs at $917 million. However,
                         these estimates are being revised.

                         The system will be installed at 158 locations worldwide. Each location is
                         expected to have communications processors, up to 40 workstations,
                         and a local area network. In addition to communicating with other IFJS
                         locations, the system is expected to connect to other systems through a
                         variety of Defense communication networks such as satellite communi-
                         cations, dedicated circuits, and the Defense Data Network.

                         Although program officials plan to use commercial off-the-shelf
                         software packages wherever possible, the majority of the program’s
                         mission applications are being developed using the ADA programming
                         language. A fixed-price-plus-incentive-fee contract for up to $37 million
                         was awarded in December 1988 for this software development.

                         The IPSwill be implemented in three increments. The first increment is
                         currently being developed and tested and is expected to be ready for
                         implementation in fiscal year 1991. Increment 2 is expected to start
                         development during fiscal year 1992 and be completed in March 1993.
                         Increment 3 is scheduled to start in fiscal year 1993 and be completed in
                         November 1994. However, software development on increment 1 has
                         slipped 9 months. According to the program office, this slippage was due
                         to the contractor miscalculating the effort required to develop software




                         Page 18          GAO/JMTEG9047BR      Potential Reductions to the Air Force’s Budget Request
                                        Appendix I
                                        Potential Reductions to Ab Force Automated
                                        Information Systems




                                        in the ADA programming language. Table I.9 shows funds requested for
                                        fiscal year I991 for MACC2 IPS.

Table 1.9:MAC C2 IPS Fiscal Year 1991
Budget Request                          Dollars in millions
                                        Source of Funds                                                             Fiscal Year 1991
                                        Military personnel
                                        --~-                                                                                    $4.0
                                        Research, development,
                                                     ---~____   test, and evaluation                                             11.6
                                        Operation and maintenance                                                                 3.3
                                        Other procurement                                                                        14.3
                                        Total                                                                                  $33.2
                                        Source: 43A-1 exhibit for MAC C2 IPS.



Results of Analysis                     We identified potential reductions of $14.3 million in other procurement
                                        funds requested by the Air Force for the MACc2 IPSprogram in its fiscal
                                        year 1991 budget request. Our analysis shows that the Air Force plans
                                        to procure $14.3 million of hardware without having justified its pro-
                                        curement with a cost/benefit analysis and without successfully com-
                                        pleting its prototype testing.

                                        Additionally, the program office has decided to conduct developmental
                                        test and evaluation, initial operational test and evaluation, and certifica-
                                        tion of initial operational capability within 4 months from August 1990
                                        to December 1990. We believe this is a high-risk schedule since these
                                        milestones are too compressed to adequately test increment 1 and make
                                        an informed decision on its initial operating capability. Furthermore, as
                                        reported in the program’s latest quarterly report to Defense manage-
                                        ment, critical design issues remain unresolved. These issues were identi-
                                        fied as problems with workstation performance and user system
                                        interface. The report also noted that testing will be delayed until these
                                        problems are resolved, but the Air Force expects to resolve these
                                        problems by the time its oversight review is scheduled in December
                                         1990.

                                        The Committee may want to withhold $14.3 million in other procure-
                                        ment funds requested for this program until the Air Force (1) develops
                                        updated estimates of program and life cycle cost, (2) completes and
                                        independently validates an economic analysis, and (3) certifies to the
                                        MAISRCthat initial operational capability for all increment 1 require-
                                        ments have been met.




                                        Page 19               GAO/IMTEGSO-67BR Potential Reductions to the Air Force’s Budget Request
                                                                                                                        .


                                     Appendix I
                                     Potmthl Reductione to Air Force Automated
                                     Information By&ems




Reliability and
Maintainability
Information System
(REMIS)

Description of Program               REMISis an automated system that is intended to provide the Air Force
                                     with the capability to receive, process, store, and retrieve performance
                                     information on Air Force weapon systems and equipment. REMISis
                                     expected to replace 26 existing systems with a single on-line system. The
                                     program began in 1984 and the development contract was awarded in
                                     September 1986 to incrementally develop four computer software sub-
                                     systems. At that time, the Air Force estimated the system would cost
                                     about $86.1 million to develop and would achieve full operational capa-
                                     bility by January 1990.

                                     In November 1987, the Air Force stopped work on three of the four sub-
                                     systems because of a $13.3 million shortfall in fiscal year 1988 opera-
                                     tion and maintenance funds. The REMISprogram was subsequently
                                     restructured, which dramatically affected its costs and schedule. In
                                     December 1989, the Air Force increased its estimate of acquisition costs
                                     $60.3 million from $86.1 to $136.4 million and extended the schedule
                                     over 4 years. It now expects to achieve full operational capability in
                                     April 1994 rather than January 1990.

                                     Because acquisition costs now exceed $100 million, REMISis subject to
                                     review and oversight by the MAISRC.As of July 11, 1990, REMIShad not
                                     been scheduled for a MAISRCreview. Table 1.10 shows funds requested
                                     for fiscal year 1991 for REMIS.

Table 1.10: REMIS Fiscal Year 1991
Budget Request                       Dollars in millions
                                     Source of funds                                                              Fkcal Year 1991
                                     ODeration and maintenance                                                                $19.4
                                     Total                                                                                   $19.4
                                     Source: 43A-1 exhibit for REMIS.



Results of Afialysis                 We identified potential reductions of $19.4 million in operation and
                                     maintenance funds requested for REMIS.Our analysis shows that this
                                     request is not adequately supported by a cost/benefit analysis. Also, the


                                     Page 20               GAO/IMTFiG90-57BR Potential Reductions to the Air Force’8 Budget Request
Appsndirf
PotanUal Reduetlo~~ to Air Force Automated
lnfonu4tton   Swtmm




Air Force Audit Agency could not determine whether expected benefits
exceed costs.

In our December 1989 report,7 we reported that none of the $5 billion in
expected benefits estimated by the Air Force were supported in its cost/
benefit analysis. Further, the Air Force Audit Agency told us that its
independent review showed some operational improvements would
probably result from REMIS,but none of the $6 billion in projected bene-
fits could be supported. In fact, the Air Force Audit Agency found that
some of these benefits had already been claimed to justify another logis-
tics system development project.

The audit agency identified about $106 million in other benefits for
REMIS; namely, fewer systems analysts, the elimination of additional data
systems, and reduced communications costs, none of which were
included in the original cost/benefit analysis. However, according to an
audit agency official, the benefits claimed for REMISwill be significantly
reduced if the system is not in full operation in 1990. As stated above,
REMISis not expected to achieve full operational capability for at least
another 4 years. Further, while the audit agency identified about
$106 million in benefits, the expected cost of REMISis now about
$136 million. The Air Force is currently updating its REMIScost/benefit
analysis; the estimated completion date is unknown.

Therefore, the Committee may wish to withhold the funding of the fiscal
year 1991 request for $19.4 million in operation and maintenance funds
for REMISuntil the Air Force completes an independent, validated cost/
benefit analysis which supports the REMISprogram. Further, the Com-
mittee may wish to direct the MAISRCto review and validate this pro-
gram prior to the release of any funds for its continued development.




‘Air Force ADP: Systems Funded Without Adequate Cost/Benefit Analyses (GAO/IMTEC-90-6, Dec.
   I 19w.



P4ge 21          GAO/IMTRC90-67BR Potential Reductions to the Air Force’s Budget Request
                         Appendix I
                         Potential Reductions to Air Force Automated
                         Information Systems




Strategic War
Planning System
(SWPS)

Description of Program   SWPS is  an automated system used by the Strategic Air Command to
                         plan, disseminate, and implement strategic war plans. It has four objec-
                         tives: (1) maintaining strategic war plans; (2) integrating new weapon
                         systems into the war planning process; (3) increasing the responsiveness
                         of the war planning process by adapting it to real-time operations; and
                         (4) establishing a survivable capability using fixed and mobile units.

                         According to Air Force documentation, SWPS is considered operational
                         and has achieved about 85 percent of its first objective. The remaining
                         three objectives are planned enhancements or modernization of the
                         operational system. The Air Force has requested funding for only objec-
                         tives one and two.

                         In January 1990, the Air Force’s Automated Information System Review
                         Council asked the swps program office to: (1) clearly identify the cost of
                         maintaining the SWPSprogram separate from the cost of the ongoing
                         enhancements and developments currently underway, (2) quantify the
                         cost/benefits of planned upgrades and new development projects, and
                         (3) provide a current funding profile which is consistent with Exhibit
                         43A-1 and the quarterly reports provided to the Department of Defense
                         Deputy Comptroller for Information Resources Management. In its
                         response the program office identified some but not all development
                         costs and did not quantify the cost/benefits of the program. Addition-
                         ally, we found that the program office has not been consistent in identi-
                         fying the amount of research, development, test and evaluation funds
                         being justified for SWPS for fiscal year 1991. Table I. 11 shows funds
                         requested for fiscal year 1991 for swps.




                         Page 22          GAO/IMTEGW-57BR      Potential Reductions to the Air Force’s Budget Request
                                    Appendix I
                                    Potential Reductions to Air Force Automated
                                    Information Systems




Table 1.11: SWPS Fiscal Year 1991
Budget Request                      Dollars in millions
                                    Source of funds                                                                    Fiscal Year 1991
                                    -Military personnel                                                                              $13.3
                                     Research. develoDment, test, and evaluation                                                     26.3
                                     Operation and maintenance                                                                       45.0
                                     Other procurement
                                                    -                                                                                23.7
                                    Total                                                                                          $109.3
                                    Source: 43A-1 exhibit; Air Force funding data sheet dated May 18, 1990; and quarterly report dated
                                    June 30, 1990, to the Deputy Comptroller for Information Resources Management, Department of
                                    Defense.



Results of Analysis                 We identified potential reductions of $36.6 million to the fiscal year
                                    1991 Air Force budget request for swps. Our analysis shows that
                                    $6.7 million of operation and maintenance funds, $3.5 million of other
                                    procurement funds, and $26.3 million of research, development, test,
                                    and evaluation funds are being requested without the required quanti-
                                    fying of benefits that will justify the cost of continued modernization. It
                                    also does not follow current Defense life cycle management policies.

                                    swps is currently identified as an operational system by the Air Force
                                    under life cycle management policies; however, we estimate that about
                                    $36.6 million of its over $100 million fiscal year 1991 request is for
                                    enhancements and modernization. Current Defense life cycle manage-
                                    ment policies require that any automated information system expending
                                    more that $25 million for development in 1 year be subject to MAISRC
                                    review. However, according to MAISRCstaff, they do not plan to review
                                    this program.

                                    In January 1990, Air Force management asked the swps program office
                                    for a clear distinction between day-to-day maintenance and upgrades/
                                    enhancements and modernization and directed it to establish a baseline
                                    for the system. They also asked for justification supporting these con-
                                    tinued modernization efforts, i.e., benefits versus the cost. As of August
                                    1990, the program office had not provided this distinction or submitted
                                    its justification.

                                    The program office has also been inconsistent in reporting the amount of
                                    research, development, test, and evaluation funds being justified for
                                    swps for fiscal year 1991. For example, since December 1989, in quar-
                                    terly reports presented to the Department of Defense Deputy Comp-
                                    troller for Information Resources Management, the Air Force has


                                    Page 23               GAO/IMTEGSO-57BR Potential Reductions to the Air Force’s Budget Request
                                                                                                     c
                                                                                                         .

                         Appendix I
                         Potential Reduction to Air Force Automated
                         Information System8




                         consistently identified $26.3 million for swps. However, the 43A-1
                         exhibit on swps, dated February 1990, that supports the President’s
                         1991 budget request, shows no research, development, test, and evalua-
                         tion funds being requested for swps. Nevertheless, in our exit conference
                         the program element monitor for SWPSacknowleged that funds are being
                         requested for swps in fiscal year 1991, but maintains it is only
                         $14.9 million.

                         We were unable to validate the amount of research, development, test,
                         and evaluation funds that the Air Force is requesting for swps in fiscal
                         year 199 1. However, we believe the quarterly reports reflect the more
                         accurate request for research, development, test, and evaluation funds
                         because (1) these reports are updated more frequently than the 43A-1
                         exhibit and (2) these reports are certified by the program manager and
                         reviewed by Air staff and MAISRCstaff.

                         Therefore, the Committee may wish to withhold $6.7 million of opera-
                         tion and maintenance funds, $3.5 million of other procurement funds,
                         and $26.3 million of research, development, test, and evaluation funds
                         until the Air Force: (1) establishes a baseline for swps that clearly sepa-
                         rates the cost of maintaining the program’s current capabilities from
                         planned upgrades and new developments, and (2) measures the benefits
                         to be derived versus the cost to develop each new enhancement or new
                         requirement, The Committee may also wish to withhold the approval of
                         this funding until the MAISRCreviews this program in accordance with
                         established Defense policy.



Tinker Air Force Base
Military Construction
Program

Description of Program   In fiscal year 1991, the Air Force plans to purchase 10 acres of land and
                         construct a new automated data processing facility which is planned for
                         completion in early fall 1993. This facility will accommodate current
                         and future computer equipment, personnel, and support functions. Cur-
                         rently, the automation support is housed in two separate locations on
                         Tinker Air Force Base. Table I.12 shows funds requested for fiscal year
                         1991 for construction of a new ADP facility at Tinker Air Force Base.




                         Page 24          GAO/IMTEGBO-57BR Potential Reductions to the Air Force’s Budget Request
          .

      .                                 A~pmdix 1
                                        Potential Reductions to Air    ForceAutomated
                                        Information Syatmne




Table 1.12:Tinker Alr Force Bare New
ADP Facility Project Fircal Year 1991   Source of funds                                                                        Fiscal Year 1991
Budget Request                          Military construction                                                                            $13.2
                                        Total                                                                                            $13.2
                                        Source: fiscal year 1991 military construction data sheet for Tinker Air Force Base.



Results of Analysis                     The Air Force is requesting $13.2 million for this program in fiscal year
                                        1991, However, the Department of Defense, as part of a Defense Man-
                                        agement Review Decision, is currently studying consolidation of mainte-
                                        nance depots and ADPoperation centers. Consequently, we believe any
                                        construction at this time for an ADPoperation center, particularly at a
                                        maintenance depot, would be questionable until these consolidation
                                        studies are complete. Therefore, the Committee may wish to reduce the
                                        military construction requested amount by $13.2 million.




                                        Page 26             GA0/IMTEG90457BR Potential Reductions to the Air Force’s Budget Request
Appendix II

Objective,Scope,and Methodology


              At the request of the Chairman, Subcommittee on Defense, House Com-
              mittee on Appropriations, our objective was to review the Department
              of the Air Force’s fiscal year 1991 budget request for selected general-
              purpose automated information systems and to provide information on
              these systems to the Subcommittee to assist it in determining whether
              the systems should be funded in the amounts requested.

              We performed our work in the Washington, DC. area; Gunter Air Force
              Base, Alabama; Hanscom Air Force Base, Massachusetts; Offutt Air
              Force Base, Nebraska; Scott Air Force Base, Illinois; and Wright-Pat-
              terson Air Force Base, Ohio; between April 1990 and September 1990.

              To obtain budget request information, we examined the Procurement
              Programs (P-l) Department of Defense Budget for Fiscal Year 1991, as
              well as the Department of the Air Force’s procurement backup book,
              which contains information on equipment, contracts, and schedules
              (including Department of Defense forms P-22 and P-40). We also
              examined the Department of the Air Force’s information technology sys-
              tems budget (which contains exhibits 43A-E) and documents used to
              prepare both the information technology systems budget and the auto-
              mated data processing portions of the Air Force’s procurement and
              operation and maintenance budgets.

              We met with officials from the Air Force’s Directorate of Command,
              Control, and Mission Support Systems; Directorate of Programs and Air
              Force Budget Matters; Logistics Command; Military Airlift Command;
              Strategic Air Command; Electronic Systems Division; Computer Acquisi-
              tion Center; and Standard System Center to obtain additional informa-
              tion on the 11 automated data processing projects covered in this report.

              We discussed issues covered in this report with officials from the Air
              Force and have incorporated their comments where appropriate. As
              requested, we did not obtain official agency comments on this report. We
              conducted our work in accordance with generally accepted government
              auditing standards.




              Page 26      GAO/IMTEC90-S7BR Potential Reductions to the Air Force’s Budget Request
Appendix III

Major Contributors to This Report


                         Joseph T. McDermott, Assistant Director
Information              Joseph A. DeBrosse, Evaluator-in-Charge
Management and
Technology Division,
Washington, DC.
                         Christopher Brannon, Staff Evaluator
Atlanta Regional         Jodi A. McDade, Staff Evaluator
Office
                         Lloyd J. Miller, Staff Evaluator
Boston Regional Office   Martin F. Lobo, Staff Evaluator



Cincinnati Regional      Frederick J. Naas, Staff Evaluator
Office                   Robert G. Preston, Staff Evaluator
                         Melanie Hubbs, Staff Evaluator




(610572)                 Page 27       GAO/IMTEG90-67BR Potential Reductions to the Air Force’s Budget Request
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