United States General Accounting Office GAO Report to the Chairman, Committee on Armed Services, House of Representatives February 1999 DEFENSE HEADQUARTERS Status of Efforts to Reduce Headquarters Personnel GAO/NSIAD-99-45 United States GAO General Accounting Office Washington, D.C. 20548 National Security and International Affairs Division B-281623 February 17, 1999 The Honorable Floyd Spence Chairman, Committee on Armed Services House of Representatives Dear Mr. Chairman: Concerned with the adequacy of the pace and scope of the Department of Defense’s (DOD) efforts to reduce the size and cost of its headquarters activities, you requested that we review the Department’s efforts to reduce its headquarters positions. Specifically, our report discusses the status of DOD’s efforts to reduce, as of the end of fiscal year 1998 (1) headquarters positions and associated costs in the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) and Washington Headquarters Services,1 as required by the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1997 and (2) headquarters positions across DOD as required by the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1998. In addition, our report discusses the reporting of personnel on temporary assignment to OSD from other DOD components. You also requested that we review DOD’s revised directive on headquarters management activities. As agreed with your office, we will report separately on this issue after the directive has been implemented. Believing DOD’s efforts to reduce its infrastructure, including the size of its Background headquarters activities, lagged behind cuts in operational forces, Congress directed DOD to reduce positions in OSD, including Washington Headquarters Services and other defense support activities, by 25 percent from fiscal year 1994 levels by the end of fiscal year 1999.2 Furthermore, Congress directed DOD to reduce the number of positions in all DOD headquarters activities by 25 percent from fiscal year 1997 levels by the end of fiscal year 2002.3 Noting that it had already reduced personnel in heardquarters activities starting in fiscal year 1992, DOD believed these cuts would create an unreasonable burden on personnel who perform essential headquarters functions. DOD asked Congress to repeal this provision in March 1998. However, Congress did not rescind it. DOD noted that the congressionally mandated 25-percent reduction, when combined with the 1 Washington Headquarters Services provides administrative and operational support to certain DOD activities in the national capital region. 2 National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1997 (P. L. 104-201). 3 National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1998 (P.L. 105-85). Page 1 GAO/NSIAD-99-45 Defense Headquarters B-281623 Department’s previously programmed reductions, would reduce these components by over 40 percent for the fiscal year 1992-2000 time period. In October 1997, we reported that the number of management headquarters’ personnel and costs were significantly higher than reported by DOD.4 During fiscal years 1985-96, DOD reported steady decreases in its management headquarters and headquarters support personnel—a 31-percent decline from about 77,000 to 53,000. However, these data did not include personnel at most of DOD’s noncombat organizations that are subordinate to management headquarters. In our review of selected subordinate organizations, nearly three of every four of them were primarily performing management or headquarters support functions and should have been reported to Congress by DOD. We recommended that the Secretary of Defense revise the directive on management headquarters and headquarters support activities to expand its coverage and simplify its criteria. In the November 1997 Defense Reform Initiatives (DRI) report, the Secretary of Defense directed OSD to reduce the number of personnel. To achieve reductions, the Secretary directed that OSD eliminate redundancy and obsolete functions, consolidate related functions, and transfer operational and program management functions to other DOD organizations. In addition, the Secretary directed that OSD’s “hidden staff”—components that directly support OSD but were not included as part of OSD’s formal organizational structure or reported in its personnel strengths—be absorbed into OSD. Finally, the Secretary directed the military departments and their major commands, defense agencies, defense field activities, joint staff, and unified commands to reduce the number of headquarters positions. OSD’s Administrative Instruction 53, “Temporary Staff Augmentations,” states that temporary staff may be used for emergencies, for unforeseen temporary requirements or workload surges, or for jobs for which the skills are not otherwise available within the organization. Temporary staff are not to be used to perform continuing office functions. To comply with the requirement in the National Defense Authorization Act Results in Brief for Fiscal Year 1997, DOD plans to reduce OSD and its support activities by about 1,373 positions, or 27 percent, from its fiscal year 1994 levels by the 4 Defense Headquarters: Total Personnel and Costs Are Significantly Higher Than Reported to Congress (GAO/NSIAD-98-25, Oct. 30, 1997). Page 2 GAO/NSIAD-99-45 Defense Headquarters B-281623 end of fiscal year 1999. As of the end of fiscal year 1998, the Department had cut 1,123 positions. The majority of the cuts were based on DOD’s November 1997 DRI report, which recommended that some offices be reorganized and that operational and program management functions be transferred to other DOD activities. Although the positions in OSD and its support activities have been reduced, civilian salary costs (in constant dollars) have not decreased because many of the positions eliminated were vacant and annual civilian pay raises have exceeded the inflation rate. DOD plans to eliminate the remaining 250 positions in fiscal year 1999. DOD may not be accurately accounting for all personnel assigned to OSD. Some personnel temporarily assigned to OSD by other DOD components are functioning more as permanent staff and are not being reported as OSD personnel. DOD has plans to cut about 5,600 positions across its headquarters activities by the end of fiscal year 2002. This is less than half of the 13,300 cuts required by the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1998. According to OSD officials, DOD did not develop plans consistent with the legislation because the Secretary of Defense had sought relief from the 1998 legislative requirement. However, when Congress did not repeal the provision, the services proposed that a task force be established to develop alternatives for reducing the headquarters’ structure. DOD plans to cut 1,373 positions in OSD and its support activities by the end OSD and Its Support of fiscal year 1999. These reductions would be 2 percentage points more Activities Expect to than the 25-percent cut mandated in the National Defense Authorization Have Over 25 Percent Act for Fiscal Year 1997. Although the number of positions has been reduced, civilian salary costs (in constant dollars) have not decreased. In Fewer Personnel by addition, some service and defense agency personnel assigned to OSD are the End of Fiscal Year not counted as part of OSD. 1999 Page 3 GAO/NSIAD-99-45 Defense Headquarters B-281623 DOD’s Planned Cuts DOD’splan to achieve the cuts is shown in table 1. Appendix I shows the changes by office within OSD. Table 1: Planned Reductions in the Office of the Secretary of Defense and Fiscal year Fiscal year Change the Washington Headquarters Services Activity 1994 baseline 1999 target Total Percent Between Fiscal Year 1995 and 1999 OSDa 3,062 2,002 (1,060) (35) Washington Headquarters Services 1,960 1,647 (313) (16) Total 5,022 3,649 (1,373) (27) a The end of fiscal year 1994 baseline includes 718 positions in five defense support activities and 207 overstrengths (personnel over an organization’s authorized number of positions). Source: Our analysis of OSD data. As of the end of fiscal year 1998, DOD had cut 1,123 positions, or 82 percent of the planned reductions—858 positions in OSD and 265 positions in Washington Headquarters Services (see table 2). Table 2: Changes in the Office of the Secretary of Defense and the Positions Washington Headquarters Services as Activity Eliminated Transferred Total of the End of Fiscal Year 1998 OSD (402) (456) (858) Washington Headquarters Services (430) 165 (265) Total (832) (291) (1,123) Source: Our analysis of OSD data. Our analysis indicates that OSD eliminated 402 positions primarily by abolishing vacant positions, reducing the number of overstrength positions, eliminating military positions after the incumbents rotated, and abolishing positions by using early-out incentives. Some positions were also eliminated through organizational changes. For example, the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy reorganized and eliminated one assistant secretary position as well as several support positions. OSD also reduced the size of its staff by transferring positions to other DOD organizations. For example, in fiscal year 1997, OSD transferred 278 positions from a defense support activity to a DOD field activity.5 Positions in DOD field activities are not counted as part of OSD. Furthermore, DRI 5 These positions were at the Defense Manpower Data Center. The Center was merged with another defense support activity to form the DOD Human Resources Activity, which is classified as a field activity. Page 4 GAO/NSIAD-99-45 Defense Headquarters B-281623 directed that OSD transfer positions that were considered operational or involved in program management to other DOD organizations. In fiscal year 1998, OSD transferred approximately 240 positions to other organizations. The major transfers that occurred during fiscal year 1998 are the following: • The Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness transferred 48 positions for managing DOD’s TRICARE medical program to the TRICARE management activity, a DOD field activity. • OSD transferred 47 positions supporting various boards and commissions to the Washington Headquarters Services. • The Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy transferred 42 positions at the U.S. Mission to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization to the Department of the Army. • The Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Public Affairs transferred 28 positions that managed the freedom of information and security review programs to the Washington Headquarters Services. As of the end of fiscal year 1998, DOD had reduced Washington Headquarters Services by a net of 265 positions. Approximately 300 positions were cut by contracting out the Pentagon cleaning service, and another 130 were cut primarily by eliminating vacant positions and positions vacated through early-out incentives. However, these cuts were partly offset by an increase of 165 positions from functions transferred into Washington Headquarters Services, primarily from OSD. To complete the planned cuts, DOD plans to cut 250 positions (202 in OSD and 48 in Washington Headquarters Services) in fiscal year 1999. To achieve its cuts, OSD plans to eliminate 130 positions and transfer another 72 positions. As of November 1998, OSD had identified 32 of the positions to eliminate and told us it had completed 40 of the planned transfers. Washington Headquarters Services plans to cut 72 positions, which will be partly offset by an increase of 24 positions for new missions as well as the expansion of current missions. As of October 1998, Washington Headquarters Services had cut 19 positions by transferring positions in the executive motor pool and travel function to the Department of the Army. According to Washington Headquarters Services officials, the remaining positions will be eliminated by consolidating contracting offices and through early-out incentives. Civilian Salary Costs Have Although about 1,125 positions were eliminated in or transferred from OSD Not Decreased and Washington Headquarters Services between fiscal year 1994 and 1998, Page 5 GAO/NSIAD-99-45 Defense Headquarters B-281623 there was no proportional decrease in civilian salaries during this time frame. Our analysis indicates that OSD civilian salary costs increased by $7 million (4 percent), from $172 million in fiscal year 1994 to $179 million in fiscal year 1998 (constant 1998 dollars). Likewise, Washington Headquarters Services civilian salary costs increased by $2 million (2 percent) from $84 million to $86 million during this same period. Salary costs did not decline commensurate with the personnel reductions partly because many of the positions eliminated were vacant and annual civilian pay raises exceeded the inflation rate. In addition, OSD incurred some one-time costs associated with incentives to encourage personnel to leave early. For example, DOD paid $1.4 million in such incentives in fiscal year 1998. Some Positions Are Not The military services and defense agencies temporarily assign personnel to Counted as Part of OSD OSD that are not counted as part of OSD. While DRI recommended that personnel in the defense support activities and overstrength positions be counted as part of OSD, it did not discuss personnel temporarily assigned to OSD. DOD does not have a central database that identifies such positions or people, known as detailees, but the number could be large. For example, an official from the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Command, Control, Communications and Intelligence (ASD/C3I) said that 115 people were temporarily assigned to ASD/C3I as of August 1998. The Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy said it had about 26 detailees, and the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Technology said it had about 10 detailees. Our review of ASD/C3I information on the 115 detailees’ assignments showed that some of the detailees met the requirements of OSD’s administrative instruction on temporary staff. For example, an ASD/C3I official noted that his office could not recruit temporary staff with the required skills to deal with Year 2000 issues. ASD/C3I was using 20 military service and defense agency people to work on such issues. Another 36 ASD/C3I detailees were either liaisons with the various intelligence agencies or individuals from other agencies on developmental assignments. According to an ASD/C3I official, these positions are permanent within the organization, and personnel occupying these positions change every 2 to 3 years. The remaining 59 positions being filled by detailees appeared to be a permanent part of ASD/C3I. According to an ASD/C3I official, approximately 30 detailees had been assigned to work on specific projects but did not Page 6 GAO/NSIAD-99-45 Defense Headquarters B-281623 return to their home organizations when the projects ended. For example, the Defense Information Systems Agency sent 17 people to ASD/C3I to support the corporate information management initiative; however, they did not return when the project was terminated. ASD/C3I officials said they were developing a plan to incorporate the policy-related positions into OSD and return the other positions to their parent organizations by fiscal year 2000. The remainder of the detailees were in ASD/C3I’s Defense Airborne Reconnaissance Office. According to an ASD/C3I official, they plan to downsize the office from 27 to 18 and either transfer the function to one of the military departments or make it a permanent part of ASD/C3I. DOD does not have a plan to reduce management headquarters and DOD Does Not Have a headquarters support personnel DOD-wide by 25 percent by the end of Plan to Reduce fiscal year 2002, as required by the National Defense Authorization Act for Headquarters 1998. The act requires DOD to cut about 13,300 positions in its headquarters activities. Rather, DOD has plans to reduce the number of headquarters Activities by 25 positions by about 5,600, or 11 percent, by the end of fiscal year 2002 (see Percent table 3). In November 1998, the military services proposed establishing a task force to develop alternatives for reducing their headquarters structure. Table 3: Changes in DOD Headquarters Activities Between Fiscal year Change Fiscal Year 1997 and 2002 Activity 1997 2002 Total Percent Military departments 35,621 31,073 (4,548) (13) Joint staff 1,391 1,256 (135) (10) Unified commands 6,526 6,268 (258) (4) Defense agencies/DOD field activities 4,548 4,215 (333) (7) Office of the Secretary of Defense 2,376 2,002 (374) (16) International organizations 2,712 2,733 21 1 Total 53,174 47,547 (5,627) (11) Source: OSD, the military departments, and defense agencies. As seen in table 3, the military departments account for about 4,500 of the cuts planned to DOD headquarters activities by the end of fiscal year 2002. (See apps. II, III, and IV for a breakdown by military department.) These cuts were directed primarily in the Quadrennial Defense Review and DRI. For example, as part of the Quadrennial Defense Review, the Navy planned to reduce its Atlantic and Pacific Fleet headquarters staff by Page 7 GAO/NSIAD-99-45 Defense Headquarters B-281623 approximately 1,260, or 20 percent, and the Marine Corps planned to reduce its management headquarters by about 200 positions. A Navy official noted that some of the cuts planned in the fleet headquarters are being revised in the fiscal year 2000 budget. On the other hand, the Army and the Air Force had planned to reduce their headquarters by less than the 10 percent required by DRI. As a result, the Air Force had to cut about 1,150 and the Army about 700 additional positions in headquarters to meet DRI threshold. Both military departments allocated the additional cuts primarily on a fair-share percentage basis across their headquarters activities. The Joint Staff plans to cut 135 positions and the unified commands about 260 positions by the end of fiscal year 2002. The Joint Staff plans to transfer about 75 military positions to the U.S. Strategic Command, return about 40 military positions to the military departments, and eliminate about 20 civilian positions. Finally, the reductions in the defense agencies are a combination of cuts directed in the Quadrennial Defense Review and DRI. In November 1998, the military departments proposed the establishment of a task force, chaired by the Under Secretary of the Army, to develop alternatives for reducing DOD’s headquarters structure. The task force would (1) identify processes and transactions, by functional area, that are significant drivers for the number of headquarters personnel; (2) inventory the number of workyears associated annually with the transactions and processes, by functions; and (3) assess the number of personnel that could be eliminated if transactions and processes were reengineered, automated, outsourced, or canceled. Each service will be allowed to reinvest any personnel and dollar savings from reducing headquarters activities. The proposal calls for the task force to issue its report to Congress in June 1999. We recommend that the Secretary of Defense determine the number and Recommendation purpose of all personnel temporarily assigned to OSD by other DOD components. Detailees that do not meet OSD’s requirements of temporary staff should either be counted as OSD personnel or returned to their parent organizations. In comments on a draft of this report (see app. V), DOD concurred with our Agency Comments recommendation and noted that it is developing a system to account for all and GAO’s Evaluation Page 8 GAO/NSIAD-99-45 Defense Headquarters B-281623 personnel detailed to OSD from other DOD components. As part of this process, DOD plans to determine the validity and continued need for current detailees. DOD also noted that the report was technically accurate, but believed it needed to provide a more balanced treatment of the Department’s efforts to downsize its headquarters activities. Specifically, DOD said the report does not include (1) the reason it requested relief from the 25-percent reduction required by the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1998 and (2) the principal reason civilian pay costs did not come down between fiscal year 1994 and 1998. According to DOD, it requested relief because headquarters activities have been reduced significantly since fiscal year 1992. We clarified the report to reflect DOD’s position and included information provided by DOD on personnel reductions in management headquarters activities back to fiscal year 1992. Regarding OSD civilian pay costs, DOD said the principal reason they did not decrease between fiscal year 1994 and 1998 was that nearly 200 civilians who worked for OSD, but were attributed to the pay accounts of other DOD elements, were transferred into the OSD civilian pay account in fiscal year 1998. Our analysis of changes in civilian pay accounted for these transfers. Still, key reasons civilian pay costs did not decline were that many of the positions eliminated were vacant, annual pay raises exceeded inflation costs, and the department incurred one-time costs associated with incentives to encourage people to leave early. To obtain information on DOD’s plans to achieve the 25-percent reduction Scope and in OSD and Washington Headquarters Services positions, we interviewed Methodology officials in OSD’s Office of the Director, Administration and Management, and reviewed files that documented the cuts during fiscal years 1995-98 and planned for fiscal year 1999. In addition, we reviewed the Defense Reform Initiative report. We obtained civilian salary costs for OSD, the defense support activities, and Washington Headquarters Services for fiscal years 1994-98 from the Washington Headquarters Services, Directorate for Budget and Finance. To determine how DOD plans to achieve the 25-percent reduction in personnel at all its headquarters activities, we interviewed officials in the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense, Comptroller, and manpower officials in each of the military departments and the Joint Staff. In addition, we identified the position cuts to headquarters activities programmed between fiscal year 1997 and 2002 in the Fiscal Year 1999 Future Years Defense Program. We conducted our work from June to December 1998 in accordance with generally accepted government auditing standards. Page 9 GAO/NSIAD-99-45 Defense Headquarters B-281623 We are providing copies of this report to other appropriate congressional committees; the Secretaries of Defense, the Air Force, the Army, and the Navy; the Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff; and the Director, Office of Management and Budget. We also will provide copies to other interested parties on request. Please call Marvin Casterline, Assistant Director, on (202) 512-9076 if you or your staff have any questions concerning this report. Major contributors to the report were Michael Kennedy, Ronald Leporati, and Justin Bernier. Sincerely yours, Henry L. Hinton, Jr. Assistant Comptroller General Page 10 GAO/NSIAD-99-45 Defense Headquarters Page 11 GAO/NSIAD-99-45 Defense Headquarters Contents Letter 1 Appendix I 14 Changes in the Office of the Secretary of Defense Positions Between Fiscal Year 1994 and 1999 Appendix II 15 Changes in Army Positions in Headquarters Activities Between Fiscal Year 1997 and 2002 Appendix III 16 Changes in Air Force Positions in Headquarters Activities Between Fiscal Year 1997 and 2002 Page 12 GAO/NSIAD-99-45 Defense Headquarters Contents Appendix IV 17 Changes in Navy Positions in Headquarters Activities Between Fiscal Year 1997 and 2002 Appendix V 18 Comments From the Department of Defense Tables Table 1: Planned Reductions in the Office of the Secretary of 4 Defense and the Washington Headquarters Services Between Fiscal Year 1995 and 1999 Table 2: Changes in the Office of the Secretary of Defense and the 4 Washington Headquarters Services as of the End of Fiscal Year 1998 Table 3: Changes in DOD Headquarters Activities Between Fiscal 7 Year 1997 and 2002 Abbreviations ASD/C3I Assistant Secretary of Defense for Command, Control, Communications and Intelligence DOD Department of Defense DRI Defense Reform Initiatives OSD Office of the Secretary of Defense Page 13 GAO/NSIAD-99-45 Defense Headquarters Appendix I Changes in the Office of the Secretary of Defense Positions Between Fiscal Year 1994 and 1999 Fiscal year Positions Change Fiscal year Office 1994 baseline Eliminated Transferred Total Percent 1999 target Secretary of Defense 76 (33) 7 (26) (34) 50 a Acquisition and Technology 720 (146) (88) (234) (33) 486 Policy 597 (87) (104) (191) (32) 406 b Personnel and Readiness 600 (66) (330) (396) (66) 204 Comptrollerc 374 (67) 16 (51) (14) 323 d C3I 334 (88) 32 (56) (14) 278 Public Affairs 129 (25) (29) (54) (42) 75 Legislative Affairs 39 (8) (1) (9) (23) 30 Operations, Test, and Evaluation 43 (6) 4 (2) (5) 41 General Counsel 55 (5) 7 2 4 57 Administration and Management 30 (7) (2) (9) (30) 21 Intelligence Oversight 9 (1) • (1) (11) 8 Special programse 56 (27) (6) (33) (41) 23 Boards and commissionsf 34 (34) Total 3,062 (532) (528) (1,060) (34) 2,002 a Fiscal year 1994 baseline includes 230 positions in the Acquisition and Technology Defense Support Activity. b Fiscal year 1994 baseline includes 300 positions in the Defense Manpower Data Center. c Fiscal year 1994 baseline includes 29 positions in the Management Systems Support Office and 39 positions in the Plans and Program Analysis Support Center. d Fiscal year 1994 baseline includes 120 positions in the Intelligence Program Support Group. e Includes consultants, reimbursable details, and the administrative support and assistance program. f Boards and commissions were not identified separately until fiscal year 1996. Source: Office of the Secretary of Defense. Page 14 GAO/NSIAD-99-45 Defense Headquarters Appendix II Changes in Army Positions in Headquarters Activities Between Fiscal Year 1997 and 2002 Fiscal year Change Activity 1997 2002 Total Percent Army Staff 1,707 1,534 (173) (10) Secretariat 828 865 37 5 a Department support 488 295 (193) (40) Functional commandsb 6,536 5,666 (870) (13) c Combatant commands 1,903 1,862 (41) (2) Subtotal 11,462 10,222 (1,240) (11) Unified commandsd 1,372 1,310 (62) (5) International organizations 1,504 1,549 45 3 Total 14,338 13,081 1,257 (9) a Includes the Concepts Analysis Agency, Command and Control Support Agency, and Information Management Support Agency. b Includes headquarters elements of the Army Materiel Command, the Corps of Engineers, Intelligence and Security Command, Medical Command, Military District of Washington, Training and Doctrine Command, Criminal Investigations Command, and Forces Command. c Includes Third Army, Eighth Army, U.S. Army Pacific, U.S. Army Europe, U.S. Army South, and the Military Traffic Management Command. d Does not include positions in Special Operations Command. Source: Department of the Army. Page 15 GAO/NSIAD-99-45 Defense Headquarters Appendix III Changes in Air Force Positions in Headquarters Activities Between Fiscal Year 1997 and 2002 Fiscal year Change Activity 1997 2002 Total Percent Air Staff, Air National Guard, and Air Force Reserve Headquarters 1,553 1,357 (196) (13) Secretariat 931 871 (60) (6) Department supporta 542 392 (150) (28) Functional commandsb 4,081 3,628 (453) (11) Combatant commandsc 6,171 5,439 (732) (12) Subtotal 13,278 11,687 (1,591) (12) Unified commandsd 1,874 1,872 (2) • International organizations 432 378 (54) (13) Total 15,584 13,937 (1,647) (11) a Includes the Air Force Pentagon Communications Agency (Air Force support) and direct supporting staff. b Includes headquarters elements of the Air Force Material Command, the Air Education and Training Command, the Air Intelligence Agency, the Air Force Program Executive Office, the Air Force Reserve Command, and the Air Force Pentagon Communications Agency (Office of the Secretary of Defense Support). c Includes the Pacific Air Forces, Air Force Space Command, U.S. Air Forces in Europe, Air Combat Command, and Air Mobility Command. d Does not include positions in Special Operations Command. Source: Department of the Air Force. Page 16 GAO/NSIAD-99-45 Defense Headquarters Appendix IV Changes in Navy Positions in Headquarters Activities Between Fiscal Year 1997 and 2002 Fiscal year Change Activity 1997 2002 Total Percent Chief of Naval Operations 1,071 1,006 (65) (6) Commandant of the Marine Corps 354 360 6 2 Secretariat 877 879 2 • Department supporta 233 179 (54) (23) Functional commandsb 4,114 3,505 (609) (15) Combatant commandsc 4,232 3,235 (997) (24) Subtotal 10,881 9,164 (1,717) (16) Unified commandsd 1,693 1,550 (143) (8) International organizations 776 806 30 4 Total 13,350 11,520 (1,830) (14) a Includes the Naval Support Activity and the Field Support Activity. b Includes headquarters elements of the Naval Air Systems Command, Naval Sea Systems Command, Naval Supply Systems Command, Naval Facilities Engineering Command, Naval Space and Warfare Systems Command, Office of the Chief of Naval Research, Chief of Navy Education and Training, Naval Medical Command, Naval District of Washington, Naval Intelligence Command, Naval Oceans Command, Naval Security Group, Naval Reserve Force, Naval Computer and Telecommunications Command, and Marine Corps Staff Management Agency. c Includes the Military Sealift Command; Commander in Chief, Pacific Fleet; Commander in Chief, Atlantic Fleet; Commander in Chief, Navy, Europe; and Navy Space Command. d Does not include positions in U.S. Special Operations Command. Source: Department of the Navy. Page 17 GAO/NSIAD-99-45 Defense Headquarters Appendix V Comments From the Department of Defense Page 18 GAO/NSIAD-99-45 Defense Headquarters Appendix V Comments From the Department of Defense Page 19 GAO/NSIAD-99-45 Defense Headquarters Appendix V Comments From the Department of Defense Page 20 GAO/NSIAD-99-45 Defense Headquarters Appendix V Comments From the Department of Defense (701144) Page 21 GAO/NSIAD-99-45 Defense Headquarters Ordering Information The first copy of each GAO report and testimony is free. Additional copies are $2 each. Orders should be sent to the following address, accompanied by a check or money order made out to the Superintendent of Documents, when necessary. VISA and MasterCard credit cards are accepted, also. Orders for 100 or more copies to be mailed to a single address are discounted 25 percent. Orders by mail: U.S. General Accounting Office P.O. Box 37050 Washington, DC 20013 or visit: Room 1100 700 4th St. NW (corner of 4th and G Sts. NW) U.S. General Accounting Office Washington, DC Orders may also be placed by calling (202) 512-6000 or by using fax number (202) 512-6061, or TDD (202) 512-2537. Each day, GAO issues a list of newly available reports and testimony. To receive facsimile copies of the daily list or any list from the past 30 days, please call (202) 512-6000 using a touchtone phone. A recorded menu will provide information on how to obtain these lists. For information on how to access GAO reports on the INTERNET, send an e-mail message with "info" in the body to: email@example.com or visit GAO’s World Wide Web Home Page at: http://www.gao.gov PRINTED ON RECYCLED PAPER United States Bulk Rate General Accounting Office Postage & Fees Paid Washington, D.C. 20548-0001 GAO Permit No. G100 Official Business Penalty for Private Use $300 Address Correction Requested
Defense Headquarters: Status of Efforts to Reduce Headquarters Personnel
Published by the Government Accountability Office on 1999-02-17.
Below is a raw (and likely hideous) rendition of the original report. (PDF)