United States General Accounting Office Office of the General Counsel Washington, DC 20548 B-284295 December 22, 1999 The Honorable Phil Gramm Chairman The Honorable Paul S. Sarbanes Ranking Minority Member Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs United States Senate The Honorable Thomas J. Bliley, Jr. Chairman The Honorable John D. Dingell Ranking Minority Member Committee on Commerce House of Representatives Subject: Securities and Exchange Commission: Adoption of Amendments to the Intermarket Trading System Plan to Expand the ITS/Computer Assisted Execution System Linkage to All Listed Securities Pursuant to section 801(a)(2)(A) of title 5, United States Code, this is our report on a major rule promulgated by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), entitled “Adoption of Amendments to the Intermarket Trading System Plan to Expand the ITS/Computer Assisted Execution System Linkage to All Listed Securities” (RIN: 3235-AH49). We received the rule on December 9, 1999. It was published in the Federal Register as a final rule on December 16, 1999. 64 Fed. Reg. 70297. The final rule amends the plan governing the operation of the Intermarket Trading System (ITS). The rule expands the ITS/Computer Assisted Execution System linkage to all listed securities, including non-Rule 19c-3 securities. Enclosed is our assessment of the SEC’s compliance with the procedural steps required by section 801(a)(1)(B)(i) through (iv) of title 5 with respect to the rule. Our review indicates that the SEC complied with the applicable requirements. If you have any questions about this report, please contact James W. Vickers, Assistant General Counsel, at (202) 512-8210. The official responsible for GAO evaluation work relating to the subject matter of the rule is Thomas McCool, GAO/OGC-00-15 Director, Financial Institutions and Markets Issues. Mr. McCool can be reached at (202) 512-8678. Sincerely yours, Robert P. Murphy General Counsel Enclosure cc: The Honorable Jonathan G. Katz The Secretary of the Securities and Exchange Commission Page 2 GAO/OGC-00-15 ENCLOSURE ANALYSIS UNDER 5 U.S.C. § 801(a)(1)(B)(i)-(iv) OF A MAJOR RULE ISSUED BY THE SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION ENTITLED "ADOPTION OF AMENDMENTS TO THE INTERMARKET TRADING SYSTEM PLAN TO EXPAND THE ITS/COMPUTER ASSISTED EXECUTION SYSTEM LINKAGE TO ALL LISTED SECURITIES" (RIN: 3235-AH49) (i) Cost-benefit analysis Although the SEC is not required to prepare a formal cost-benefit analysis, it is required, under section 3(f) of the Exchange Act, to consider whether an action is necessary or in the public interest and whether such action will promote efficiency, competition, and capital formation. 15 U.S.C. 78c(f). The SEC believes that any possible increase in costs to the market participants are justified by the overall benefits of the rule including increased liquidity, increased competition, and a better chance for best execution of customer orders. (ii) Agency actions relevant to the Regulatory Flexibility Act, 5 U.S.C. §§ 603-605, 607, and 609 The Initial Regulatory Flexibility Analysis was incorporated in the Notice of Proposed Rulemaking and a summary of the Final Regulatory Flexibility Analysis (FRFA) is included in the preamble to the final rule. Both analyses provide the information required by the Act and include the reasons for the agency actions, its objectives, legal basis, and the reporting and recordkeeping requirements. The FRFA discusses the impact on the approximately 5,000 “small entity” broker-dealers, which will be indirect and positive. (iii) Agency actions relevant to sections 202-205 of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995, 2 U.S.C. §§ 1532-1535 The SEC, as an independent regulatory agency, is not subject to title II of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995. (iv) Other relevant information or requirements under acts and executive orders Administrative Procedure Act, 5 U.S.C. §§ 551 et seq. The final rule was issued using the notice and comment procedures contained in 5 U.S.C. 553. On July 30, 1998, the SEC published in the Federal Register a Notice of GAO/OGC-00-15 Proposed Rulemaking (Proposing Release). 63 Fed. Reg. 40748. In response, the SEC received 15 comment letters, which are summarized and responded to in the preamble to the final rule. Paperwork Reduction Act, 44 U.S.C. §§ 3501-3520 The final rule does not contain any information collections that are subject to review by the Office of Management and Budget under the Paperwork Reduction Act. Statutory authorization for the rule The final rule is issued under the authority of section 11A(a)(3)(B) of the Exchange Act, 15 U.S.C. 78k-1(a)(3)(B). Executive Order No. 12866 As the rule is promulgated by an independent regulatory agency, it is not subject to the review requirements of Executive Order No. 12866. Page 2 GAO/OGC-00-15
Securities and Exchange Commission: Adoption of Amendments to the Intermarket Trading System Plan to Expand the ITS/Computer Assisted Execution System Linkage to All Listed Securities
Published by the Government Accountability Office on 1999-12-22.
Below is a raw (and likely hideous) rendition of the original report. (PDF)