Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families: Temporary Assistance for Needy Families Program

Published by the Government Accountability Office on 1999-05-04.

Below is a raw (and likely hideous) rendition of the original report. (PDF)

      United States

GAO   General Accounting Office
      Washington, D.C. 20548

      Office of the General Counsel


      May 4, 1999

      The Honorable James Jeffords
      The Honorable Edward M. Kennedy
      Ranking Minority Member
      Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions
      United States Senate

      The Honorable Bill Archer
      The Honorable Charles B. Rangel
      Ranking Minority Member
      Committee on Ways and Means
      House of Representatives

      Subject:    Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families:
                  Temporary Assistance for Needy Families Program (TANF)

      Pursuant to section 801(a)(2)(A) of title 5, United States Code, this is our report
      on a major rule promulgated by Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for
      Children and Families (ACF), entitled “Temporary Assistance for Needy Families Program (TANF)”
      (RIN: 0970-AB77). We received the rule
      on April 21, 1999. It was published in the Federal Register as a final rule on April 12, 1999. 64 Fed.
      Reg. 17720.

      The final rule contains the key provisions of the new welfare block grant program enacted in 1996 by
      the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996—the Temporary
      Assistance for Needy Families program. This program replaces the Aid to Families with Dependent
      Children program and the related programs known as the Job Opportunities and Basic Skills Training
      Program and the Emergency Assistance program.

      Enclosed is our assessment of the ACF’s compliance with the procedural steps required by section
      801(a)(1)(B)(i) through (iv) of title 5 with respect to the rule. Our review indicates that the ACF
      complied with the applicable requirements.

      If you have any questions about this report, please contact James W. Vickers, Assistant General
      Counsel, at (202) 512-8210. The official responsible for GAO evaluation work relating to the subject
      matter of the rule is Cynthia Fagnoni, Director, Education, Workforce, and Income Security Issues.
      Ms. Fagnoni can be reached at (202) 512-7215.

Sincerely yours,

Robert P. Murphy
General Counsel


cc: Ms. Jacquelyn White
    Deputy Executive Secretariat
     for DHHS

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              ANALYSIS UNDER 5 U.S.C. § 801(a)(1)(B)(i)-(iv) OF A MAJOR RULE
                                      ISSUED BY
                           "TEMPORARY ASSISTANCE FOR
                         NEEDY FAMILIES PROGRAM (TANF)"
                                  (RIN: 0970-AB77)

(i) Cost-benefit analysis

The ACF did not conduct a cost-benefit analysis in connection with the issuance of the final rule.

(ii) Agency actions relevant to the Regulatory Flexibility Act, 5 U.S.C. §§ 603-605, 607, and 609

The Secretary has certified that the final rule will not have a significant economic impact on a
substantial number of small entities.

(iii) Agency actions relevant to sections 202-205 of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995, 2
U.S.C. §§ 1532-1535

The final rule does not contain an intergovernmental or private sector mandate, as defined in title II of
the Act, of more than $100 million in any one year.

(iv) Other relevant information or requirements under acts and executive orders

Administrative Procedure Act, 5 U.S.C. §§ 551 et seq.

The final rule was issued using the notice and comment procedures contained in 5 U.S.C. 553. On
November 20, 1997, ACF published a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking and received 270 comments in
response. In the preamble to the final rule, ACF discusses the comments received and the actions it
took in formulating the final rule as a result of the comments.

Paperwork Reduction Act, 44 U.S.C. §§ 3501-3520

The final rule contains information collections that have been submitted to the Office of Management
and Budget for approval under the Paperwork Reduction Act.

The preamble to the final rule explains the reasons for the collections and estimates the total annual
burden hours at 583,912. The estimate of the burden under the proposed rule was 1,153,944 hours

Statutory authorization for the rule

The final rule is issued pursuant to the authority contained found at 42 U.S.C. 601, 601 note, 603, 604,
606, 607, 608, 609, 610, 611, 619, and 1308.

Executive Order No. 12866

The final rule was determined to be a “significant regulatory” action under the Order and was reviewed
and approved by the Office of Management and Budget as complying with its requirements.

Assessment of the Impact on Family Well-Being

ACF has made an assessment of the final rule’s impact on the well-being of families, as required by
section 654 of the Treasury and General Government Appropriations Act of 1999. The purpose of the
program is to strengthen the economic and social stability of families, in part by supporting the
formation and maintenance of two-parent families and reducing out-of-wedlock childbearing.

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