oversight

Results Act: Information on Performance Goals and Measures Contained in the Department of Transportation's Fiscal Year 2000 Performance Plan

Published by the Government Accountability Office on 1999-11-15.

Below is a raw (and likely hideous) rendition of the original report. (PDF)

United States General Accounting           Office                                               Resources, Community,     and
Washington,  DC 20548                                                                      Economic Development    Division

       B-283922


       November 15, 1999


       The Honorable Bud Shuster
       Chairman, Committee on Transportation
        and Infrastructure
       House of Representatives

       The Honorable James Sensenbrenner
       Chairman, Committee on Science
       House of Representatives


       Subject: Results Act: Information on Performance Goals and Measures Contained in
                the Derxutment of Transnortation’s Fiscal Year 2000 Performance Plan


       In accordance with the Government Performance and Results Act of 1993 (the Results
       Act), federal agencies prepare annual performance plans that contain annual
       performance goals and measures that can be used to assess progress toward the agencies’
       strategic goals.’ These annual goals and measures can be expressed as end outcomes,
       intermediate outcomes, and outputs. ‘Epically, end outcomes, such as reducing the rate
       of highway-related fatalities, provide information on the desired end results, effects, or
       consequences that are to be achieved from the agencies’ programs or activities.
       Intermediate outcomes, such as increasing seat belt usage rates, provide information on
       the results, effects, or consequences of programs and activities that are expected to lead
       to end outcomes but are not in themselves “ends.” Outputs, such as awarding at least a
       specified minimum dollar amount of contracts to women-owned businesses, provide
       information on the level of activity or effort that will be produced or provided over a
       period of time or by a spetied date.

       As requested, you asked us to report on the extent to which the performance goals and
       measures contained in the Department of Transportation’s (DOT) f&al year (FY) 2000
       performance plan are end outcome-, intermediate outcome-, or output-oriented. Our
       judgments of the &s&cation         of the performance goals and measures contained in the
       plan were based on whether the goals and measures, as viewed within the context of the
       agency’s strategic goals, provided information on (1) the desired end results, (2) the
        results of programs and activities that are expected to lead to end outcomes, or (3)
       products and services that are typically based on the numbers of activities or products
        that result from internal effort.

       ‘Strategic goals, which are an outgrowth     of an agency’s mission, explain the results that are expected from
       the agency’s   major   functions.




                                                    GAOIRCED-00-13B      DOT’s Fiscal Year 2000 Pexformance Goals
E&283922


In summary, we found that DOT’s J?Y2000 performance plan emphasizes outcome goals
and measures that, as we reported earlier, provide a clear picture of the intended results
of the agency’s programs.’ The plan contains a significant number of end outcome goals
and measures (41 percent and 42 percent, respectively) that directly measure
accomplishment of the agency’s strategic goals. In addition, 48 percent of the plan’s goals
and 46 percent of its measures are intermediate outcomes that provide information on the
results, effects, or consequences of programs and activities that are expected to lead to
end outcomes. Although the plan contains general information on outputs, it contains
relatively few output goals and measures (11 percent and 12 percent, respectively) that
provide information on the ieve or quality of transportation-related products and services
that will be produced or delivered to customers. According to DOT officials, output goals
and measures relating to the agency’s strategic goals would be more appropriately
contained in each of the Department’s Administration- or program-level plans3

Background

Under the Results Act, federal agencies develop annual performance plans that, among
other things, establish performance goals to define the level of performance to be
achieved by a program activity and establish perfarmance indicators to be used in
measuring or assessing the relevant outputs, service levels, and outcomes of each
program activity. In developing annual performance goals, agencies should focus on the
results they expect their programs to achieve-that is, the differences the programs will
make in people’s lives. Performance measurement reinforces the connection between
the long-term strategies outlined in agencies’ strategic plans and the day-today activities
of their managers and staff. Moreover, as we reported earlier, the experiences of leading
state, federal, and foreign governments show that performance measures should tell each
organizational level how well it is achieving its goals and that the number of measures for
each goal at a given organizational level should be limited to the vital few.’ Those vital
few measures should cover the key performance dimensions that will enable an
organization to assess accomplishments, make decisions, realign processes, and assign
accountability. As a result, different organizational levels may use different measures and
goals from those meaningfully or appropriately included in the organization’s
departmental annual performance plan.

According to the Office of Management and Budget, a performance goal is a target level
of performance expressed as a tangible, measurable objective against which actual
achievement can be compared, including a goal expressed as a quantitative standard,
value, or rate. A performance measure is an indicator that can be used to measure
outcomes or outputs and is associated with a performance goal in an annuaJ performance


%-I our previous work on DOl”.sFY 2000performanceplan, we reported that the agency’splan includes
performance goalsand measuresthat addressprogramresultsandthe important dimensionsof program
performance. SeeResultsAct: Observationson the DeDartmentof Tranzmortation’sFiscal Year 2000
Performance Plan (GAOAKXD-99-163,May 7,1999).

‘DOT’sAdministrations covered by the FY 2000performanceplan include the National Highway WC Safety
      .    tion. the FederalAviation Administration, the FederalHighway Admin&ration, the Federal
A-
Railroad Administration, the FederalTransitAdminisuation, the Maritime Admin&zation, the Researchand
Special ProgramsAdminhmation, the St LawrenceSeawayDevelopmentCorporation, the United States
CoastGuard, and the Bureauof TransportationStatistics.

‘Executive Gmde: Effectivelv Imnlementinethe Govemment,Performanceand ResultsAct (GAO/GGD9&118,
June 1996).


2                                    GAO/WED-OO-13B      DOT’s Fiscal Year 2000 Performance    Goals
E38.3922


plan. Outcome goals and measures should be contained in agencies’ performance plans
whenever possible.

Most of the Performance  Goals and Measures                         Contained       in DOT’s   F’Y 2000
Performance  Plan Are Outcome-Oriented

DOT’s FY 2000 performance plan emphasizes outcome goals and measures that clearly
indicate the intended results of the Department’s programs. As shown in fi,mes 1 and 2,
end outcomes and intermediate outcomes combined account for almost 90 percent of the
performance goals and measures contained in DOT’s plan. DOT’s plan places slightly
greater emphasis on intermediate outcomes than end outcomes and contains few output
goals and measures that provide information on the level or quality of transportation-
related products or services, such as the number of activities that will result from the
agency’s effort.

Figure   1: Number   and Percentage    of Performance       Goals   Contained   in DOT’s   FY 2000 Performance
Plan




                                                                     End outcomee
                                                                          (=I
                                                                          41%




Source: GAO’s enalyeie oi DOT’s PI 2000 performance plan.




                                          GAO/RCED-00-13BDOT'sFiecalYear2000PerfonnauceGoals
Em33922

Figure    2:   Number         and Percentage         of Perfomance           Measures     Contained    in DOT’s FY 2000
Performance        Plan




                                                                                        End outcomes   (31)
                                                                                                42%




Source:    GAO’s   anelysls     of DOT’s   PI 2000    pertomxince    plan.



According to DOT officials, the agency’s FY 2000 performance plan is outcome-oriented
because it reflects a departmental perqective on the performance goals and measures
that would be used to assessprogress toward, or accomplishment of, the Department’s
strategic goals. DOT’s plan contains slightly more intermediate outcome goals and
measures (48 percent and 46 percent, respectively) that show progress toward
accomplishing DOT’s strategic goals rather than end outcome goals and measures (46
percent and 42 percent, respectively) that provide information on the desired end results
of the programs. For example, for the strategic goal to advance America’s economic
growth and competitiveness domestically and internationally through efficient and
flexible transportation, about 55 percent of the measures (6 out of 11) are intermediate
outcomes that show progress toward accomplishing DOT’s strategic goal for economic
growth and trade, such as reducing delays at the National Highway System border
crossings (measured per 1,000 vehicles processed) in fiscal year 2000. Eighteen percent
of these measures (2 out of 11) are end outcomes that provide DOT with information on
the desired end results, effects, or consequences that are to be achieved from the
Department’s programs designed to enhance America’s growth and trade. Specifically,
they include achieving at least a 3-percent annual growth rate in those international
markets with open aviation agreements and attaining a stable U.S. commercial
shipbuilding level (i.e., ships under construction and those scheduled for construction) of
 520.000 gross tons by fiscal year 2000. DOT’s strategic goal to promote the public health


4                                                       GAOIRCED-OO-13BDO'hFisalYear2000PerfommnceGo&
Es-283922


and safety by working toward the elimination of transportation-related deaths, injuries,
and property damage is particularly outcome-oriented. Sixty-five percent of the measures
(15 out of 23) are end outcomes that provide a clear picture of the intended results of the
agency’s programs designed to address this strategic goal, such as reducing the rate of
highway-related fatalities per 100 million vehicle miles traveled from 1.7 in 1996 to 1.5 in
2000 and reducing recreational boating fatalities from 819 in 1997 to 720 or fewer
fatalities in 2000.

According to DOT officials, the performance plan contains relatively few output goals and
measures because they are more appropriately contained in DOT Administration- or
program-level plans. However, DOT’s plan does contain initiatives and activities for
fiscal year 2000 that provide general information on outputs, such as indicating that the
National Highway Traffic Safety Admin&ration (NHTSA) will publish rules on braking
performance standards for heavy trucks. Moreover, NHTSA’s own plan contains output
measures and details on them, such as providing technical assistance to the private sector
to increase seat belt and child safety seat use and providing consumers with information
on crashworthiness to assist in vehicle purchasing decisions.

JZnclosure I contains
                    additional information on our classification of DOT’s performance
goals and measures as end outcomes, intermediate outcomes, or outputs.



Agency      Comments

We provided the Department of Transportation (DOT) with a draft copy of this report for
review and comment. The draft was reviewed by DOT officials, including the Director of
Budget and Programs, Office of the Secretary. The Department stated that after
providing us with suggestions during the course of our review, it had only one technical
comment to improve the report’s clarity.  We incmporated    the comment.

Scope    and Methodology

 To conduct this review, we reviewed information on goals and measures contained in the
 Government Performance and Results Act of 1993 and the Office of Management and
 Budget Circular A-l 1 part 2, and DOT’s FY 2000 performance plan. We also interviewed
 DOT officials responsible for developing the Department’s plans to obtain their views on
 classifying the goals and measures contained in the FY 2000 performance plan. Our
judgments of the classification of DOT’s performance goals and measures as end
 outcomes, intermediate outcomes, and outputs were based on whether the goals and
 measures contained in the plan, as viewed within the context of the agency’s strategic
 goals, provided information on (1) the desired end results, (2) the results of programs and
 activities that are expected to lead to end outcomes, or (3) products and services that are
 typically based on the numbers of activities or products that result from internal effort.

We performed our work from August through October 1999 in accordance with generally
accepted government auditing standards.




                                   GAOIRCED-00-13R   DOT’s Fiscal Year 2000 Performance Goals
We are sending copies of this report to the Honorable Rodney E. Slater, Secretary of
Transportation, and will make copies available to others upon request. If you have any
questions about our work, please contact me at (202) 512-2834. Key contributors to this
report were Janet Barbee, Sharon Dyer, and Chuck Wilson.




Phyllis F. Scheinberg
Associate Director,
 Transportation Issues

Enclosure




6                                GAO/WED-OO-13R   DOT’s   Fised   Year 2000 Performance   Goals
Enclosure I


        DOT’s    Performance       Goals and Measures   Classified    as End Outcomes,
                 Intermediate       Outcomes. and Outuuts.     Fiscal Year 2000


The Department of Transportation’s (DOT) Fiscal Year (F’Y) 2000 performance plan
contains a total of 61 performance goals and 74 performance measures. The difference in
the totals is due to DOT’s use of multiple measures for certain performance goals. For
example, the performance goal of reducing the number of highway fatalities and injuries
(i.e., goal 1) has two performance measures, one for fatalities (i.e., la) and one for
injuries (i.e., lb). In most cases, there is only one performance measure for each
performance goal. Our judgments of the classification of DOT’s performance goals and
measures as end outcomes, intermediate outcomes, and outputs, were based on whether
the goals and measures contained in the plan, as viewed within the context of the
agency’s   strategic goals, provided information on (1) the desired end results, (2) the
results of programs and activities that are expected to lead to end outcomes, or (3)
products and services that are typically based on the numbers of activities or products
that result from internal or effort. Fiscal year 2000 performance goals and measures are
taken from DOT’s fiscal year 2000 performance plan.
Table 1.1:DOT’s FY 2000 Performance Goals and Measures Classified As End Outcomes,
Intermediate Outcomes, and Outputs


                                                                                 T-         Outcomes               -I-




                                                                                                                   I
                                     Fiscal year 2000 performance goals and          End         Intermediate            output
3rategic goal                                         measures                    outcome           outcome
Safety: Promote the     public      1a. Reduce the rate of highway-
Iealth and safety by    working     related fatalities per 100 million vehicle        X
oward the elimination     of        miles traveled (MT) from 1.7 in 1996
ransportation-related    deaths,    to 1.5 in 2000.
njuries, and property    damage.
                                     1b. Reduce the rate of highway-
                                    related injuries from 141 in 1996 to              X
                                     124 per iO0 million VMT in 2000.
                                    2. Redxe the percentage of highway
                                    fatalities that are alcohol-related to
                                    less than 36 percent in 2000, from a
                                     1996 baseline of 40.9 percent.
                                    3. Increase seat belt usage
                                    nationwide to 05 percent by 2000 and
                                    90 percent by 2005. Seat belt usaae
                                    in i997 was 69 percent.
                                    4a. Reduce the rate of fatalities
                                    involving large trucks per 100 million
                                    VMT from 2.6 in 1997 to 2.5 in 2000.

                                    4b. Reduce the rate of injuries
                                    involving large trucks per 100 million
                                    VMT from 69.3 in 1997 to 64.4 in
                                    2ooo.
                                    5. Reduce the fatal aviation accident
                                    rate for commercial air carriers from a
                                    1994-l 996 baseline of 0.037 fatal
                                    accidents per 100,000 ‘flight hours to
                                    0.033 in 2000.




                                        GAOIRCED-00-13R        DOT’s    Fiscal Year 2000 Perfomtance            Goals
Enclosure        I


                                                                                                     T
                                                                                                                    1
                                                                               Outcomes

                     Fiscal year 2000 performance     goals and         End         Intermediate           output
                                                                     outcome           outcome


                                                                                                                    ]
strategic goal                       measures
                     5. Reduce the general aviation fatal
                     sccident rate in 2000 from a 1994-                  X
                     1996 average of 1.67 per 100,000
                     ‘kght hours.’
                     7. Reduce the number of runway
                      ncursions in 2000 to a level 15                                     X
                                                                                                                    i
                                                                                                                    1
                     oercent below a 1997 baseline of 318
                      ncursions. The FY 2000 taroet is at or
                     oelow 270 incursions.          -
                     Ba. Reduce the rate of ooerational
                     errors by 10 percent from the 1994
                     oaseline of 0.64 errors per 100,000
                     facility activities. The 2000 target rate
                     ior errors is 0.486.

                     Bb. Reduce the rate of operational
                     deviations by 10 percent from the 1994
                     baseline of 0.11 deviations per
                     100,000 facility activities. The 2000
                     target rate is 6.097 for deviations.
                     9. Reduce recreational boating
                     fatalities to 720 (or fewer) fatalities in
                                                                                                                    I
                                                                                                                    1
                     2000. The 1997 baseline is 819
                     fatalities.
                     1 Oa. Save at least 93 percent of all
                     mariners reported in imminent danger
                     in 2000. In 1998, 94 percent of
                     manners reported in imminent danger
                     were saved.

                      1 Ob. Save at least 80 percent of all
                     property reported in imminent danger
                     in 2000. In 1998, 81 percent of
                     property repotted in imminent danger
                     was sa fed.
                      11. Reduce the number of high-risk
                     passenger vessel casualties to 47 per
                      1000 vessels in 2000. The 1996
                      baseline is 48 per 1000.
                      12a. Reduce the rate of rail-related
                     crashes from 3.91 per million train-
                      miles in 1995 to 3.32 (or less) in 2000.

                      12b. Reduce the rate of rail-related
                     fatalities from 1.71 par million train-
                      miles in 1995 to 1.54 (or less) in 2000.
                      13. Reduce the rate of grade-crossing
                      crashes from 2.85 per the product of
                      million train-miles times trillion highway
                      vehicle-miles traveled in 1995 to 2.14
                     jar less) in 2000.
                      14. Reduce the rate of rail-related
                                                                         X


                                                                                                       i
                      trespasser fatafiiiea from 2.81 per the
                      product of million traincmiles times
                      billion U.S. population in 1995 to 2.63
                      (or less) in 2000.




6                        GAO/WED-OO-1SB           DOT’s   Fiscal   Year 2000 Performance           Goals
Enclosure I

                                                                                               Outcomes

                                    %xal   year   2000 performance   goals   and        End          “‘.“:,T$p’   output
 tmtegic goal                                        measures                      1 outcome
                                     5a. Reduce the transit fatality rate
                                    rom 0.52 fatalities per 100 million                 X
                                    rassenger-miles    traveled in 1996 to
                                    I.50 (or less) in 2000.

                                     5b. Reduce the transit injury rate
                                    rom 127 per 100 million passenger-                   X
                                    niles traveled in 1996 to 122 (or less)
                                    n2000.
                                    16. Decrease the number of natural
                                    las transmission pipeline failures from
                                    1,933 in 1994 to 4,451 in 2000.
                                    17. Reduce the number of serious
                                    lazardous mateeals incidents in
                                     ransportation to 411 or fewer in 2000
                                     rom a peak of 464 in 1996.
 Aobility: Shape America’s future   18. Increase the percentage of miles
 ,y ensuring a transportation        n the National Highway System (NHS)
 ;ystem that is accessible,         :hat meet pavement performance
 ntegrated, efficient, and offers   standards for acceptable ride quality-
 lexibility of choices.             ‘ram 90.4 percent in 1996 to 91.8
                                    )ercent in 2000.
                                    19. Reduce the percentage of bridges
                                    3n the NHS that are deficient-from
                                    23.4 percent in 1997 to 22.5 percent in
                                    2000.
                                    20. Reduce delays on federal-aid
                                    highways in 2000 to 9 hours of delay                 X
                                    per 1,000 vehicle-miles traveled from
                                    the 1996 level of 9.2 hours.
                                    21. Integrate the Intelligent
                                    Transportation     System in 75 of the
                                    largest metropolitan areas by 2005.
                                    The PY 2000 target is 50 compared to
                                    a W 1997 baseline of 34 areas.
                                    22. Maintain in good or fair condition
                                    in 2000 at least 93 percent of runways
                                    at all commercial service airports and
                                     reliever airports, as well as selected
                                     general aviation airports. In 1998, 95
                                     percent of these runways were in good
                                     or fair condllon.
                                     23. Reduce the rate of air travel
                                     delays by 5.5 percent from a 1992-                  X
                                     1996 baseline of 181 delays per
                                     100,000 activities. The PY 2000 target
                                     is 171 per 100.000 activities.
                                     24. Increase access to the nation’s
                                     airports during adverse weather                                                X
                                     conditions by publishing 506 global
                                     positioning system (GPS) approaches
                                     per year for the next 2 years, from a
                                     prior year (PY 1995-l 998) baseline of
                                      1,453 GPS approaches to date. The
                                      FY 2000 target is to complete at least
                                     2,453 approaches total.




 9                                         GAO/RCED-OO-13BDOT'sFiscalYear2000PerformanceGoals
Enczlosure          1


                        T
                            Fiscal   year   2000     performance       goals   and
                                                                                                  Outcomes
                                                                                                                           -I-
                                                                                            End          Intermediate
Strategic    goal                                  measures                             outcome              outcome
                            25a. Ensure at least two round-trip
                            flights per day, 6 days per week at all                                              X
                            communities eligible for Essential Air
                            Service (EAS) program funding in the
                            continental U.S. in 2000. In 1998, all
                            such communities received this level
                            of setvtce.

                            25b. Ensure at least 3 round-trip flights
                            per day, six days per week at 75                                                     X
                            percent of all communities eligible for
                            EAS program funding in 2000. In
                            1998.76 percent of these communities
                            received this level of service.
                            26. Reduce the number of collisions.
                            accidents involviny moving vessels ’
                            and stationary objects, and groundings                                              X
                            from a statistically derived baseline of
                            256 in FY 1998 to 246 or less in FY
                            2000.
                            27. Reduce the percentage of ports
                            reporting landside impediments to the
                            flow of commerce from 41 percent in
                            FY 1998 to 39 percent in FY 2000.
                            28. Ensure the availability and long-
                            term reliability of the locks and related
                            navigation facilities in the St. Lawrence
                            River. Maintain 99 percent availability
                            during the shipping season in 2000. In
                            1998, availability was maintained 98.5
                            percent of the time.
                            29. Increase Amtrak’s intercity
                            ridership from 20.2 million passengers                                              X
                            per year in 1997 to a record level of
                            24.7 million or more in 2000.
                            30. Increase transit ridership from
                            39.0 bilkon passenger-miles      in FY
                            1996 to 40.56 billion in FY 2000.
                            31 a. Improve the condition of buses in
                            2000. In 1997. the average age of
                            buses was 8.5 years.‘”

                            31 b. Improve the condition of rapid rail
                            flee)s in 2000. In 1997. the average
                            age for the rail fleet was 21.1 years. LD




10                               GAO/RCED-OO-13R                   DOT’s   Fiscal    Year 2000 Performance              Goals
Enclosure          1



                                                                                              l-             Outcomes

                                   Fiscal    year   2000     performance     goals    and             End          Intermediate
Strategic   goal                                           measures                                outcome            outcome
                                   32a. increase the percentage of
                                   Duses that are compliant with the
                                   Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA)
                                   irom 63 percent in calendar year (CY)
                                   1996 to 62 percent in 2000. One
                                   hundred percent compliance will be
                                   achieved for bus fleet by 2002.

                                   32b. Increase the percentage of key
                                   rail stations that are ADA-compliant
                                   from 19 percent in CY 1996 to 47
                                   percent in CY 2000. One hundred
                                   oercent compliance will be achieved
                                   for key rail siations by 2005.
Economic Growth and Trade:         33. Provide funding and technical
4dvance America’s economic         assistance in sc;pport of the                                                                          X
Jrowth and competitiveness         Appalachian Regional Commission
domestically and internationally   goal to complete approximately      37
through   efficient and flexible   additional miles of the Appalachian
transportation.                    Development Highway System each
                                   year through 2003. The N 1990
                                   completion level is 2.290 miles. The
                                   FY 2000 goal is to have 2,373 miles
                                   open to traffic.
                                   34. Reduce the delay at NHS border
                                   crossings per 1,000 vehicles                                                          X
                                   processed in FY 2000.”
                                   35. Increase the number of flight
                                   segments that aircraft are able to fly off                                            X
                                   air traffic control preferred routes from
                                   75 percent in FY 19$6 to 80 percent in
                                   FY ‘2000.
                                   36. Achieve at least a 3-percent
                                   annual growth rate in those
                                   international markets with open
                                   aviation agreements.       The 1997
                                   bastline for the 31 bpen skies”
                                   countries and Canada was 40.9 million
                                   passengers.      The FY 2000 target is at
                                   or above 44.7 million passengers.
                                   37a. Limit closures of certain critical
                                   waterways in 2000 due to ice to 2 days
                                   in an average winter. In 1998, there
                                   wye no closures in these waterways
                                   due to ice during an average winter.

                                   37b. Limit closures of certain critical
                                   waterways in 2000 due to ice to 8 days
                                   in a severe winter. In 1996. these
                                   waterways were closed 7 days during
                                   a severe winter.
                                   38. Attam a stable U.S. commercial
                                   shipbuilding level (i.e., ships under
                                   construction and those planned for
                                   construction) of 520,000 gross tons by
                                   FY 2000. The FY 1997 baseline is
                                   567,000 gross tons.




 11                                         GAOIRCED-OO-13R                DOT’s     Fiscal    Year 2000 Performance              Goals
Enclosure I




                                                                                                           c
                                 T-                                                                      Outcomes             l-

;Xrategic   goal
                                  ,\f Fiscal    year   2000   performance
                                                         measures
                                                                               goals    and       End
                                                                                               outcome
                                                                                                              Intermediate
                                                                                                                outcome
                                                                                                                                    Output1

                                 1I   39. Increase the number of
                                      employment sites in 2000 that are
                                      nade accessible by Job Access and
                                      ‘(ever-se Commute transportation
                                      ~ervices.Lc
                                                                                                                      X
                                                                                                                              f


                                      40. By 2002, increase by 5 percent
                                      the number of students graduating with                                          X
                                      transportation-related       advanced
                                      degrees from universities receiving
                                      DOT funding. The estimate of
                                      graduates in FY 1998 is 4,000. As a
                                      long-term investment, by the end of
                                      CY 2000 reach 1 million students of all
                                      ages through the Garrett A. Morgan
                                      Technology and Tranaponation
                                      Futures Program.
                                      41 a. Award at least 5 percent of the
                                      dollar value of DOT direct contracts to                                                        X
                                      women-owned          business in FY 2000.
                                      In 1998, 3.7 percent of the dollar value
                                      of DOT contracts was awarded to
                                      women-owned          businesses.

                                      41 b. Award at least 14.5 percent of
                                      DOT direct contracts to small                                                                  X
                                      disadvantaged      businesses in 2000. In
                                      1998, 17 percent of DOT direct
                                      contracts were awarded to small
                                      disadvantaged      businesses.
Human and Natural Environment:        42. Reduce on-road mobile source
Protect and enhance                   emissions by 2 percent from 1999 to
communities and the natural           2000, to a target level of 62.7 million
snvironment affected by               tons. The 1996 baseline was 65.9
transportation.                       million tons.
                                      43. Reduce greenhouse          gas
                                      emissions from transportation        in the
                                      U.S. in 2000 in conjunction with other
                                      DOT partners. In 1997, the level of
                                      greenhouse     gas emissions from
                                      transportation    in the U.S. was 469.9
                                      metric tons of carbon equivalent
                                      emissions.’
                                      44. Reduce the nation’s vulnerability
                                      to oil price shocks in 2000 by reducing
                                      transportation    energy consumption        as
                                      a function of gross domestic product
                                       (GDP). In 1996, transportation
                                      petroleum use was 3.426 quadrillion
                                       BTUs per trillion dollars real GDP.’
                                      45. Minimize the adverse impacts of
                                      transportation    projects on wetlands                        X
                                       and replace at least 1.5 acres of
                                       wetlands for every acre affected by
                                       federal-aid highway projects where
                                       impacts are unavoidable       in 2000. The
                                       ratio in 1998 was 2.2 acres replaced
                                       for every acre affected.




 12                                            GAO/RCED-OO-13B              DOT’s      Fiscal Year 2000 Performance          Gods
J2nclosure        I




                                                                                     F
                                                                                               Outcomes

                                       Fiscal year 2000 performance goals and           End         Intermediate           output
3rstegic   goal                                           measures                   outcome          outcome
                                       56. In CY 2000, increase to 11.68
                                       lercent the percentage of urban                                    X
                                       copulation living within a quarter mile
                                       >f transit stops with service frequency
                                       ,f 15 minutes or less (non-rush hour).
                                       The CY 1996 baseline is 11.22
                                       oercent.
                                       17. Reduce the number of people in
                                       the U.S. exposed to significant aircraft         X
                                       noise by at least 64 percent from the
                                       1995 baseline of 1.7 million. The FY
                                       2000 target is at or below 600,000.
                                       4.8. Reduce the rate of oil spilled into
                                       the water by maritime sources to 4.83
                                       gallons per million gallons shipped in           X
                                       2000. The 1996 datum was 6.66
                                       gallons per million gallons shipped.
                                       49. Conduct enforcement operations
                                       to support the National Marine                    X
                                       Fisheries Service goal of improving the
                                       status of endangered or threatened
                                       fish species. The 2000 target is to
                                       improve the status of 15 species, from
                                       a 1997 baseline of 12 species that
                                       were improving.
                                       50. Reduce the rate of hazardous
                                       liquid materials released by pipelines            X
                                       to the environment per million ton-
                                       miles shipped, from a 1994 baseline of
                                       0.98 to 0.68 or less in 2000.
                                       51. Increase the number of facilities
                                       categorized as No Further Remedial                                                    X
                                       Action Planned (NFRAP) under the
                                        Superfund Amendments and
                                        Reauthorization      Act. The N 2000
                                       target is 82 percent. In 1998, n.9
                                       oercent of these facilities were
                                       categorized      as NFRAP.
                                        52. Reduce by 20 percent the number
                                        of environmental       justice cases that                                            X
                                        remain unresolved for over 1 year,
                                       from a FY 1998 baseline of 13. The
                                        PY 2000 target is 10 or fewer.
National Security~ Advance the          63. Increase the detedtion of
nation’s vital security interests in    explosive devices and weapons that                                X
support of national strategies          may be brought aboard aircraft in
such as the National Security           2000.‘”
Strategy and National Drug              54. Get threat information to those
Control Strategy by ensuring that       who need to act, within 24 hours at                                                  X
the transportation   system is          least 90 percent of the time in 2000. In
secure and available for defense        1999, threat information was
mobility and that our borders are       disseminated      within 24 hours to those
safe from illegal intrusion.            who needed to act 41.55 percent of the
                                        time.




 13                                        GAO/WED-00-13B          DOT’s Fiscal Year 2000 Performance              Goals
Enclosure I


                                                                    T             Outcomes

                   Fiscal   year   2000 performance   goals   and          End           Intermediate   output
Strategic   goal                       measures                         outcome             outcome
                   .%a. Increase the intermodal sealift
                   capacity available to the Department of
                   Defense (DOD) to meet its national
                   emergency requirement of
                   approximately    165,000 20-foot
                   equivalent units (TEU) by 2000. The
                   1997 baseline is 124,000 TEUs.

                   55b. Or, increase the intermodal
                   sealift capacity available to DOD to
                   meet their national emergency
                   requirement of approximately 15
                   million square feet by FY 2000. The
                   FY 1997 baseline is 12.3 million
                   square feet.
                   56. Ensure that the nation can provide
                   100 percent of the manners needed to
                   crew combined sealift and commercial
                   fleets during national emergencies in
                   2000. In 1997, 96.9 percent of
                   manners were available during
                   national emergencies.
                   57. Maintain strateaic U.S. sort
                   readiness by ens&g        that, in 2000, 90
                   percent of DOD-designated
                   commercial port facilities and
                   appropriately trained personnel are
                   available to meet national security
                   requirements when requested by
                   DOD. In 1998,93 percent of
                   designated ports were available for
                   national se&ty     purposes.
                   58a. Provide reserve strateaic sealift
                   resources to meet DOD surge and
                   other n-rtional security requirements by
                   delivering ships within DOD-assigned
                   readiness timelines 100 percent of the
                   lime in 2000. In 1998, these resources
                   were available 100 percent of the time.

                   58b. Provide reserve strategic sealift
                   resources to meet DOD surge and
                   other national security requirements by
                   ensuring that once operational, ships
                   are mission-capable    99 percent of the
                   time in 2000. In 1998, these resources
                   were available 98.8 percent of the
                   time.
                   59. Achieve and maintain C2
                   readiness status for all high and                                            X
                   medium endurance cutters, patrol
                   boats, and port security units, as
                   measured under DOD’s Status of
                   Readiness and Training System. The
                   Fy 2000 target is an annualized
                   Weighted readiness index of 72. The
                   baseline is an index of 57 in 1997.




14                      GAO/BCEDOO-13BDOT'sFiscalYear2000PerformanceGoals
Enclosure I

                                                                                                                               Outcomes

                                                     Fiscal      year      2000 performance            goals   and       End          Intermediate   output
Strategic      goal                                                            measures                              outcome              outcome
                                                     60. Increase the seizure rate for illegal
                                                     drugs from 8.7 percent of the total                                                      X
                                                     amount shipped (the 1995-1997
                                                     average) to 13 percent or more in
                                                     2000. The N 2002 target is 18
                                                       ercent.
                                                       1. Restraln the flow of
                                                     undocumented     migrants by reducing                                                    X
                                                     the success            rate     for undocumented
                                                     migrants to 13 percent                    or less over
                                                     maritime   routes in 2000.                  The    baseline
                                                     is 23 percent in 1995.


‘No target level specified.

‘DOT’s FY 2990 perfomtance     plan indicates that the current measure    of the condition of buses and rapid rail flee&-
 average age of fleets--may provide a distorted picture of actual condition. as it does not reflect investments    in
 refurbishment. This measure will be monitored    until a new condition measure    is available in 2001.

Trend       or baseline   data not available.

detection       rates are sensitive    information   protected          under      14 C.F.R.    part 191.




(348192)


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