oversight

Homelessness: Changes in the Interagency Council on the Homeless Make It More Effective

Published by the Government Accountability Office on 1990-07-11.

Below is a raw (and likely hideous) rendition of the original report. (PDF)

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              *
                                  HOMELESSNESS
                                  Changes in the
                                  Interagency Council on
                                  the Homeless Make It
                                  More Effective



                                                       141766




                                                  ~-
(;Ao,:‘lt(    ‘I’ll-!)()-I   72
                   United States
                   General Accounting Office
                   Washington, D.C. 20548

                   Resources, Community,         and
                   Economic Development          Division

                   B-240086
                   July 11,lQQO
                   The Honorable Cardiss Collins
                   Chairwoman, Government Activities
                     and Transportation Subcommittee
                   Committee on Government Operations
                   Houseof Representatives
                   The Honorable Tom Lantos
                   Chairman, Employment and Housing Subcommittee
                   Committee on Government Operations
                   Houseof Representatives
                   This report respondsto your April 12, 1989, request that we determine
                   what steps the Interagency Council on the Homelesshas taken to
                   improve its implementation of the Stewart B. McKinney HomelessAssis-
                   tance Act.
                   In March 1989, we testified before you that the Council had been slow to
                   react to what the Congresssaid was an immediate and unprecedented
                   homelessnesscrisis. We noted that the Council’s attempts to meet the
                   requirements of the act had been largely inadequate and ineffective.’
                   This report discusses(1) the actions the Council has taken since our tes-
                   timony to meet its McKinney Act responsibilities and (2) opinions of the
                   Council’s actions expressedby state officials and local assistance
                   providers.

                   The current Council has made significant and much neededchangesin
Results in Brief   responseto the March 1989 hearings. The leadership of the Council
                   under its current Chairman, the Secretary of the Department of Housing
                   and Urban Development (HUD), has improved substantially. For
                   example, the Chairman’s loan of 10 HUD employeesto serve as the
                   Council’s full-time regional coordinators on a nonreimbursable basis has
                   strengthened the Council’s field coordination efforts and has improved
                   servicesto the homelessby providing more technical assistanceto state
                   and local assistanceproviders.
                   Approximately two-thirds of the state officials and local assistance
                   providers we surveyed said that the current Council’s activities to

                   ‘Status of the Activities of the Interagency Council on the Homeless (GAO/T-RCED-89-16, Mar. 16,
                   1989).



                   Page 1                                   GAO/RCED-9@172 Interagency Council on the Homeless
             B24008l!l




             improve and coordinate federal efforts to assist the homelesswere
             somewhat to very effective. In addition, according to these officials and
             providers, the Council should be reauthorized to continue coordinating
             these efforts.
             Finally, in our March 1989 testimony we criticized the Council’s 1988
             annual report becauseit contained only general policy recommendations
             and did not discussor recommendthe level of federal assistanceneces-
             sary to alleviate homelessness.In contrast, the Council’s 1989 annual
             report will be useful to the Congressbecauseit focusesprimarily on the
             federal responseto homelessness-as required by the McKinney Act.
             The Council recommendedfull funding of the McKinney Act programs.
             It also recommendedthat the Congressreauthorize the McKinney Act
             programs through fiscal year 1991.

             ‘The Stewart B. McKinney HomelessAssistanceAct (P.L. 100-77,July
Background    1987) and its subsequentamendments(P.L. 100-628,Nov. 1988) repre-
              sented the first efforts by the Congressto establish a comprehensiveset
             of direct-assistanceprograms for homelessindividuals. The act author-
             ized 20 assistanceprograms for the homeless,although two of these pro-
              grams were later removed from the McKinney Act’s authorization and
             reauthorized under the Hunger Prevention Act of 1988. Theseprograms,
             such as emergencyassistanceand transitional housing programs, help
             state and local assistanceproviders meet the urgent needsof the home-
             less. The McKinney Act programs are administered by several agencies,
             including HUD; the Departments of Health and Human Services(HHS),
             Labor, Education, and Veterans Affairs; the Federal Emergency Man-
              agementAgency; and the General ServicesAdministration.
             Title II of the McKinney Act created the Interagency Council on the
             Homelessas an independent establishment within the executive branch,
             The McKinney Act charged the Council with reviewing all federal activi-
             ties and programs to assist the homelessand with reducing duplication
             of effort among federal agencies.In doing so, the Council is further
             charged with monitoring, evaluating, and recommendingimprovements
             in programs and activities that assist the homeless;providing profes-
             sional and technical assistanceto public and private organizations
             serving the homeless;collecting and disseminating information; pub-
             lishing a bimonthly bulletin summarizing available federal resources;
             and reporting annually to the President and the Congresson activities
             dealing with the homeless.The Council is scheduledto ceaseoperations
             on October 1, 1990.


             Page 2                       GAO/RCED-90-172 Interagency Council on the Homeless
                           The Council is composedof the heads(or their representatives) of 15
                           federal agencies;headquarters staff in Washington,D.C.; 10 full-time
                           regional coordinators provided by HUD; and part-time field coordinators
                           provided by the other member agencies.(App. I provides information on
                           the Council’s budget data for fiscal years 1989 through 1991.) The activ-
                           ities necessaryto carry out policies and priorities established by the
                           Council are further developedby a policy group, assistedby Council
                           staff. (App. II contains additional information on the organizational
                           structure of the Council.)

                           In March 1989, we testified that the Council’s efforts to meet its statu-
Council Operations         tory responsibilities under the McKinney Act were inadequate and inef-
Improve                    fective. We identified several matters that hindered the Council’s
                           effectiveness,including inadequate policy guidance or direction from
                           the Chairman and the uncertainty among working group membersabout
                           the Council’s role. Most importantly, we found that the Council did not
                           provide critical information on McKinney Act programs to state agencies
                           and local assistanceproviders, thus possibly precluding providers from
                           receiving federal assistance.Sinceour March 1989 testimony, the
                           Council has made significant changesto improve its implementation of
                           the McKinney Act.


Council’s Leadership Has   In our March 1989 testimony, we testified that the former Council
Improved                   Chairman did not provide adequatepolicy guidance and management
                           direction regarding federal assistanceefforts for the homeless.
                           According to the current Executive Director, the current Chairman pro-
                           vides regular policy guidance and managementdirection to the Council
                           at the Council’s quarterly meetings and through frequent meetings with
                           his Council representative and the Executive Director. In addition, both
                           the Chairman and Vice Chairman, the Secretary of HHS, frequently dis-
                           cusspolicy and other matters between Council meetings with the Execu-
                           tive Director and other Council representatives.
                           In addition to chairing each Council meeting, the Chairman attends
                           various Council functions, such as regional conferences,state contact
                           meetings, and training workshops. Also, both the Chairman and Vice
                           Chairman have visited shelters for the homeless,Thesevisits resulted in
                           a memorandum of understanding between HUD and HHS pledging that
                           both Departments would develop and implement joint initiatives for
                           assisting homelessfamilies with children, welfare families in public or
                           assistedhousing, and homelessindividuals with serious mental illnesses.


                           Page 3                       GAO/RCED-90-172 Interagency Council on the Homeless
                                    R-240086




The Council Is Taking an            In our March 1989 testimony, we concludedthat more than a year and a
Active Role in Fulfilling Its       half after the passageof the McKinney Act the previous Council had not
                                    developeddetailed policies and guidance to direct its activities. In April
McKinney Act                        1989, the new Council staff developed a paper that explains the role of
Responsibilities                    the Council, provides policy direction, and discussessomeof its activi-
                                    ties. The Council staff also developed a fact sheet on the Council in
                                    December1989. The fact sheet concludesthat the current Council is
                                    taking an active role in meeting its congressionalmandate by (1) moni-
                                    toring and evaluating activities to assist the homelessand recom-
                                    mending improvements, (2) providing technical assistanceto state and
                                    local groups, and (3) collecting and disseminating information on pro-
                                    grams assisting the homeless.
Council AssessesProgramsand         To effectively fulfill its monitoring and evaluation mandate, the Council
Activities Through Site Visits to   determined that its staff should conduct an overall assessmentof how
State   and Local Programs          well the McKinney Act programs were working, supplementing the pro-
                                    gram-specific assessmentsconducted by member agencies.To avoid
                                    duplicating fieldwork already completed by others, the Council staff met
                                    with all the Council’s member agenciesand major advocacy organiza-
                                    tions for assistancein identifying potential sites for Council staff to
                                    visit. Information from this meeting resulted in the staff’s focusing the
                                    site visits on how public and private agenciesaddressthe issue of home-
                                    lessnessand on how well the McKinney Act programs work for state and
                                    local assistanceproviders.
                                    During the summer of 1989, Council staff visited programs in Alabama,
                                    Arkansas, California, Colorado, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Mississippi,
                                    Missouri, New Jersey, New York, Oklahoma, Utah, and Washington. The
                                    Council provided a summary of the information obtained during these
                                    visits to membersof its policy group on October 2, 1989.
                                    Policy group memberswere requestedto assessthe problems identified
                                    during the visits to the McKinney Act programs, state their position on
                                    each issue, and identify any appropriate agency action(s). Council agen-
                                    cies either have made or are considering making administrative changes
                                    and/or legislative recommendations,such as revising the application
                                    processfor the Supportive Housing Demonstration Program and using
                                    Emergency Shelter Grant Program funds to build new facilities, that are
                                    responsiveto the problems identified. A final report on the site visits,
                                    which included agency responses,was distributed to the policy group on
                                    March 6, 1990.




                                    Page 4                        GAO/RCED-90-172 Interagency Council on the Homeless
                                   5240086




Technical Assistance Is Provided   Council member agenciesprovide technical assistancein a variety of
in a Variety of Ways               ways. For instance, HUD conducted briefing sessionson its McKinney Act
                                   programs at each of its regional offices for interested assistanceprov-
                                   iders. Member agencieshave also designatedprogram staff in headquar-
                                   ters who are available to assist these groups. These individual agency
                                   efforts are supplementedthrough the activities of the Council’s full-time
                                   regional coordinators and part-time field coordinators.
                                   The McKinney Act amendmentsrequire that the Council establish a
                                   schedulefor biennial regional workshops to be held in each of the 10
                                   federal regions to help organizations serving the homeless.As of May
                                   31,1990, the current Council had held four conferences,each averaging
                                   about 490 participants, in Atlanta, Georgia;Hartford, Connecticut; Fort
                                   Worth, Texas; and Chicago,Illinois. Conferenceparticipants consistedof
                                   assistanceproviders, representatives from the Council and other federal
                                   agencies,elected and appointed state and local officials, and homeless
                                   people.
                                   We attended the -Atlanta, Hartford, and Fort Worth conferences.Infor-
                                   mation disseminated at the conferencesincluded Council publications,
                                   such as the Program Alert and the Council Communique,and partici-
                                   pants’ material, including information on shelters and state and local
                                   programs. The conferencesalso included breakout sessionson such
                                   topics as how to obtain federal funds and/or properties for shelters, as
                                   well as sessionsgiving information on programs not under the McKinney
                                   Act that assist the homeless.
Making the Regional                The McKinney Act requires the Council to provide professional and
Coordinators Full-Time Has         technical assistanceon programs for the homelessto states, localities,
Increased Their Effectiveness      and other public and private nonprofit agencies.In our March 1989 tes-
                                   timony, we stated that although the Council’s then part-time regional
                                   coordinators were important connectorslinking the Council with the
                                   states, only half of the coordinators were active in their outreach effort.
                                   We also concludedthat the regional coordinators had problems
                                   obtaining information from the Council. During this review, we found
                                   that the current Council has addressedthese problems.
                                   In May 1989, the Chairman of the Council provided 10 HUD employeesto
                                   work full-time as the Council’s regional coordinators in each of HUD'S 10
                                   federal regions. In addition, member agenciesdesignatedrepresentatives
                                   from their respective agenciesto serve as part-time field coordinators.
                                   There are presently 124 field coordinators, who, having other regular
                                   agency responsibilities, assist the Council part-time.


                                   Page 5                         GAO/RCED-90-172 Interagency Council on the Homeless
                             B-240086




                             The principal duties and responsibilities of the full-time regional coor-
                             dinators are to provide technical assistancein the field, promote the use
                             and implementation of the McKinney Act programs by the public and
                             private sector, and provide direction to the part-time field coordinators.
                             The Council sponsoreda two-day orientation sessionfor the full-time
                             regional coordinators in May 1989 and held a training workshop in Jan-
                             uary 1990 to discusstheir overall mission and review specific duties and
                             responsibilities. These training sessionsare supplemented by weekly
                             activities: teleconferencecalls, regional activity reports to the Council,
                             and Council staff mailings of information on homelessnessissuesand
                             programs.
                             The part-time field coordinators’ primary Council responsibility is to
                             provide technical assistanceto individuals and organizations seeking
                             general or specific information about programs and activities for the
                             homeless.In addition, the part-time field coordinators are supposedto
                             attend monthly Council meetings with their full-time regional coordi-
                             nator, assist in planning and conducting Council workshops, and provide
                             the full-time regional coordinators with information for the weekly
                             report to the Council.

The Council Provides         Council member agenciesand staff collect information on federal, state,
Information to Over 25,000   and local programs and activities. This information is shared with the
Individuals and Groups       regional coordinators, state contacts, assistanceproviders, and others
                             interested in serving the homeless.Council documentsused to dissemi-
                             nate information on homelessnessinclude the Program Alert, the Flash
                             Alert, the Council Communique,the McKinney Act program guide, the
                             Council’s resource list, and a list of federal programs not under the
                             McKinney Act that help the homeless,Many of these documents are
                             issued to over 25,000 individuals and groups, including federal, state,
                             and local officials; public and private nonprofit organizations; advocacy
                             and interest groups; assistanceproviders; and concernedcitizens. (See
                             app. III for additional information on selectedCouncil publications.)
                             In July 1989, the Council issued the McKinney Act program guide. The
                             guide provides summaries of McKinney Act programs-their purposes,
                             eligible applicants, and program contacts. The Council’s resourcelist
                             provides an updated list of contact people for homelessnessissuesat
                             both the federal and state levels. Finally, the Council prepared and
                             issued a booklet describing over 60 federal programs not under the
                             McKinney Act that are available to help the homeless.




                             Page 6                        GAO/RCED-SO-172 Interagency Council on the Homeless
c




                        The Council also has a data basethat provides funding information on
                        the various McKinney Act programs. The data basecurrently contains
                        information on “first recipients” of McKinney Act funding by program,
                        by state, and by region. Funding information is currently available for
                        1987 through 1989. The system is capable of ranking states by total
                        funding for a single year or for the entire period the programs were
                        funded. This information is routinely disseminatedto the full-time
                        regional coordinators and to state contacts and is also available upon
                        request.


Officials and           For our March 1989 testimony, we conducted a telephone survey of 18
                        state officials and 11 local assistanceproviders to obtain their views of
Assistance Providers    the Council’s effectiveness.Almost half of the state officials we talked
Basically Satisfied     to had not been contacted by the Council’s then part-time regional coor-
                        dinators. In other instances,the Council had not provided the informa-
With Council Services   tion neededto effectively implement and coordinate McKinney Act
                        programs at the state level. During this review, we again surveyed 24 of
                        the 29 organizations (16 state officials and 8 local assistanceproviders)
                        to determine whether their perception of the new Council’s activities
                        differed from the servicesprovided by the previous Council.

                        We asked the officials and assistanceproviders to rate the servicespro-
                        vided by the Council using a scaleranging from very effective to very
                        ineffective. Over two-thirds of the respondentswho rated the Council-
                        headquarters and regional-said the Council was somewhat to very
                        effective in monitoring, evaluating, and recommendingimprovements in
                        programs; providing professional and technical assistance;and col-
                        lecting and disseminating information. In addition, approximately two-
                        thirds of the respondentssaid that the Council should be reauthorized
                        becauseit is doing a goodjob coordinating federal assistanceprograms
                        for the homeless.
                        Four of the 24 state officials and local assistanceproviders we contacted
                        suggestedthat the Council could more effectively fulfill its responsibili-
                        ties by visiting more state and local programs. In this way, the Council
                        could better understand the actual problems in these programs and pos-
                        sible solutions. In addition, a few of the respondentssaid that more spe-
                        cific information on innovative and model programs and on how to
                        apply for McKinney Act program funds would be helpful.




                        Page 7                       GAO/RCED-90-172 Interagency Council on the Homeless
                          B240086




                          In our March 1989 testimony, we noted that the Council’s 1988 annual
1989 Annual Report        report contained only general policy recommendationsand did not
Focusedon Federal         specify the level of federal assistancenecessaryto resolve the problem
Assistance and Made       of homelessness.In contrast, the Council’s 1989 annual report presents
                          data on the federal responseto homelessness,the nature of homeless-
Recommendations           ness,specific accomplishmentsand activities of the Council, and the
                          Administration’s policies and strategies to addresshomelessness.It also
                          recommendedthat the Congress
                      l fully fund the McKinney Act programs as expeditiously as possible and
                      . reauthorize the McKinney Act programs through fiscal year 1991.
                          In addition, the annual report recommendedthat
                      . federal and other assistanceshould support, and actively encourage,
                        comprehensiveapproachesto help homelessindividuals and families
                        and promote self-reliance;
                      . public and private assistancefor homelessindividuals and families be
                        redirected from emergencyservicesand shelter to longer-term housing
                        and continuing support services;and
                      l the federal government actively research,experiment with, and eval-
                        uate innovative ways to assist homelesspeople.

                          The Council has made substantial improvements to correct past
Conclusions               problems under the leadership of its current Chairman. The creation of
                          the 10 full-time regional coordinators has strengthened the Council’s
                          field coordination efforts. In addition, state officials and local assistance
                          providers contacted during our telephone survey said that the Council’s
                          activities and operations were somewhat to very effective. Furthermore,
                          the Council’s 1989 annual report focused on federal assistanceefforts
                          for the homelessand made recommendationsthat we believe will be
                          useful to the Congressin its policy deliberations.

                          The Council is only authorized through fiscal year 1990. Becausethe 18
Recommendation to         McKinney Act programs are administered by 7 federal agencies,a mech-
the Congress              anism is neededto coordinate, monitor, evaluate, and recommend
                          improvements in these programs and assist in their implementation.
                          Therefore, we recommendthat the/2ongressreauthorize the Interagency
                          Council on the IIomeless. This reauthorization would allow the Council
                          to coordinate the McKinney Act programs and help ensure that the



                          Page 0                         GAO/RCED-90-172 Interagency Council on the Homeleas
B-240086




urgently neededassistanceprovided by the Congressthrough the
McKinney Act is provided to the homeless.

To obtain information for this report we examined documentsrelevant
to the Council’s role, including minutes of the full Council meetings,
Council publications, weekly status reports of the full-time regional
coordinators, and the Council’s 1989 annual report. We interviewed
HUD'S Assistant Secretary for Community Planning and Development, as
well as the Council’s Executive Director and other staff. We also inter-
viewed all 10 of the Council’s full-time regional coordinators and 24 of
the 29 state officials and local assistanceproviders we had contacted for
our March 1989 testimony. We discussedthe information presented in
this report with the responsible agency officials and incorporated their
comments and suggestionswhere appropriate. As agreed,we did not
obtain written comments.Weperformed our review in accordancewith
generally acceptedgovernment auditing standards from July 1989 to
April 1990.
This work was done under the direction of John M. Ols, Jr., Director,
Housing and Community Development Issues.If you have any questions
concerningthis report, pleasecontact Mr. 01son (202) 275-6626.Major
contributors to this report are listed in appendix IV.




J. Dexter Peach
Assistant Comptroller General




Page 9                       GAO/RCED-!W-172 Interagency C!ouncUon the Homeless
                                                                                                  .



Contents


Letter
Appendix I
Budget Data for the
Interagency Council
on the Homeless,
Fiscal Years 1989-91
Appendix II
The Organizational
Structure of the
Interagency Council
on the Homeless
Appendix III
SelectedCouncil
Publications
Appendix IV                                                                                           16
Major Contributors to
This Report
Figure                  Figure II. 1 Organizational Structure of the Interagency
                            Council on the Homeless




                        Abbreviations

                        GAO        U.S. General Accounting Office
                        HHS        Department of Health and Human Services
                        HUD        Department of Housing and Urban Development


                        Page 10                       GAO/RCED-SO-172 Interagency Council on the Homeless
?




    Page 11   GAO/RCED-90-172 Interagency Council on the Homeless
                                                                                                                                         J              I


                                                                                                                                              *
Appendix I                                                                                                                                        *
Budget Data for the Interagency Council on the
Homeless,F’iscalYears 1989-91


Dollars
  -_. in Thousands
___         -.. ..~.           _,_-
                                 _-___
                                                                                                        Funding
                                                                                          Budget         Current
                                                                          Actual         estimate       estimate                       Chan e
Category
.-_..__.-__       ..._...     ~..-.._._ --..-                              1989              1990           1990      -%lK         1990to19 %1
Budget authority                                                            1,100            1,200          1,083         1,214              +131
Obligations
._........
      _..I-..- _. _.. . . -__-.__--..--                                       686            1,346          1,900         1,214              -686
Outlays
.._....___ _...-__.__ ,... -.__-~..                                           718            1,300          1,900         1,376              -524-

_......       __..-..._ ._.. __...._._-- ____                                                  Breakdown of obligations
Personal services                                                             468              481          640              663              -23
Travel
 ._^._ (persons)
          .._.__-...-..- . . . ..- --                                          68              200          200              200                 0
Travel (things)                                                                  0               3            3                3                 0
Rent, communications,
_._-    ._--_.....-_..-_-       utilities
                              ..-_-                                            30               10           60               60                 0
Printing,   reproductions
__-- .._._...._
             --. ---_-.--_--__-_I_                                             23                  40         330             93             -237
Other services                                                                 91              567            622            150             -472
Supplies, materials                                                             4                  15          15             15                    0
Furniture, equipment                                                            2               30             30            30                  0
Total                                                                         888            1.348          1.900         1.214              -888

_... ._~.. . .--._... ~~-.                  - _--                                                       Staffing
Number
__._..._...of full-time  personnel
                .._.._.~.~~.
                          ..~_..._                                    -        10                  10           12            12                    0
Number of appointments at end of vear                                          10                  10          12             12                    0
Total staff-years                                                             9.1                  10          12            12                     0
                                                    Source: Interagency Council on the Homeless.




                                                    Page 12                                  GAO/RCED-99-172 Interagency Council on the Homeless
Appendix II

The Organizational Structure of the Interagency
Council on the Homeless

                On March 3,1989, the former Executive Director of the Interagency
                Council on the Homelessresigned, and the remaining staff were subse-
                quently replaced. The former Chairman and the remaining Council mem-
                bers were also replaced becauseof the changein Administrations. At
                their first full Council meeting in April 1989,the current Council mem-
                bers elected the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) as
                the Chairman and the Secretary of Health and Human Services(HHS) as
                the Vice Chairman. The Executive Director was also approved at this
                meeting. The current Council was fully staffed by late May 1989. As
                specified in the McKinney HomelessAssistanceAct, the Council is
                scheduledto ceaseoperations on October 1, 1990.
                The current Council is composedof the heads (or their representatives)
                of federal departments and agenciesconcernedwith homelessness.The
                Council membersare the Secretariesof Agriculture, Commerce,Defense,
                Education, Energy, HHS, HUD, Interior, Labor, Transportation, and Vet-
                erans Affairs, and the headsof four independent agencies:ACTION, the
                Federal Emergency ManagementAgency, the General ServicesAdminis-
                tration, and the U.S. Postal Service.In 1989,the Council added repre-
                sentatives from the Executive Office of the President’s Low Income
                Opportunity Board and the Office of Managementand Budget. The
                Council also consistsof 12 full-time staff membersin Washington, D.C.,
                as well as 10 full-time regional coordinators provided by HUD. The other
                member agenciesprovide part-time field coordinators.

                The activities necessaryto carry out policies and priorities established
                by the Council are further developedby a policy group, assistedby
                Council staff. The policy group, composedof subcabinet-levelrepresent-
                atives from each member agency,meets monthly to discusspolicy issues
                that affect program areas,to determine appropriate actions, to direct
                implementation of specific assignmentsat their agencies,and to provide
                the full Council with policy options and recommendations.The Execu-
                tive Director chairs these monthly meetings.
                When a specific issue requires examination for a considerableamount of
                time, the policy group creates an ad hoc working group. A working
                group consistsof agency representatives, including technical staff. Once
                the working group has concludedits objective, it reports its findings to
                the policy group.




                Page 13                      GAO/RCED-90-172 Interagency C!ouncil on the Homeless
                                            Appendix II
                                            The Organizational      Structure of the
                                            Interagency   Council    on the Homeless




Flgure 11.1Organizational Structure of the Interagency Council on the Homeless




   r

                                                          l-
        Policy Oroup

     (Representatives of
      member agendas)



                                                             Offloo of the
                                                          Executive Dlrector                                           Regional
                                                                                                                     Coordinator8
                                                          Executive Director
                                                           Deputy Director
       Worklng Qroupr                                       Policy Analyst
                                                            Staff Assistant




                                                                                           I       .
             Fldd                     Monltorlng end
        Coordlnrdon                     Evaluatlon                                Publlc Liaison                     Admlnllrtration
           Director                       Director                                     Director                          Director
       Special Assistent              Program Analyst                                                                   Secretary
          Secretary




                                            Source: Interagency Council on the Homeless.




                                            Page 14                                    GAO/RCED-90-172 Interagency Council on the Homeless
Appendix III

SelectedCouncil Publications


                     These publications contain information regarding McKinney Act and
Program and Flash    non-McKinney Act programs available to help the homeless,including
Alerts               funding levels, regulatory actions, application deadlines, eligible appli-
                     cants, and the appropriate federal contact. The Program Alert is distrib-
                     uted on an as-neededbasis to over 26,000 individuals and groups.
                     Thirteen issueswere published between April 1989 and April 1990. The
                     Flash Alert is issued to the full-time regional coordinators and state con-
                     tacts. It is distributed on an as-neededbasis. Twenty-one issueswere
                     published between April 1989 and April 1990.

                     Thesepublications contain pertinent information relevant to homeless-
Fact Sheets          ness.They are disseminated either as inserts in the Program Alert or the
                     Council Communique or are submitted for distribution at regional work-
                     shopsor other meetings on request.

                     This publication covers general items of interest to those involved with
Council Communique   homelessissuesand highlights exemplary federal, state, and local pro-
                     grams. It is issued bimonthly and distributed to over 26,000 individuals
                     and groups. Six issueswere published between April 1989 and April
                     1990.




                     Page 15                       GAO/RCED-90-172 Interagency Council on the Homeless
Appendix IV

Major Contributors to This Report


                        Marnie Shaul, Assistant Director
Resources,              GeneAloise, Assignment Manager
Community, and          Vondalee R. Hunt, Evaluator-in-Charge
Economic
Development Division,
Washington, D.C.




(386186)                Page 16                    GAO/RCED-90-172 Interagency Council on the Homeless
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