oversight

Department of Energy: Funding and Workforce Reduced, but Spending Remains Stable

Published by the Government Accountability Office on 1997-04-24.

Below is a raw (and likely hideous) rendition of the original report. (PDF)

                 United States General Accounting Office

GAO              Report to the Chairman, Subcommittee
                 on Energy and Water Development,
                 Committee on Appropriations, House of
                 Representatives

April 1997
                 DEPARTMENT OF
                 ENERGY
                 Funding and
                 Workforce Reduced,
                 but Spending Remains
                 Stable




GAO/RCED-97-96
                   United States
GAO                General Accounting Office
                   Washington, D.C. 20548

                   Resources, Community, and
                   Economic Development Division

                   B-276392

                   April 24, 1997

                   The Honorable Joseph M. McDade
                   Chairman, Subcommittee on Energy
                     and Water Development
                   Committee on Appropriations
                   House of Representatives

                   Dear Mr. Chairman:

                   In fiscal year 1996, the Department of Energy (DOE) had a $17.4 billion
                   budget and a federal and a contractor workforce totaling 127,850 workers.
                   Like many other agencies, DOE has been reducing its budget and
                   workforce.1

                   In a February 1996 report, we presented a baseline of DOE’s fiscal year 1994
                   financial and workforce data against which changes in the agency can be
                   measured.2 Using that baseline, this report identifies changes in DOE’s
                   funding, spending (costs), federal workforce, and contractor workforce
                   between fiscal years 1994 and 1996. The attached appendixes provide the
                   details on these changes.


                   Overall funding, spending, and workforce reductions occurred from fiscal
Results in Brief   years 1994 to 1996. However, budget cuts did not result in commensurate
                   reductions in spending. DOE spent almost the same in fiscal year 1996 as it
                   did in 1994. While congressional funding decreased, from $19.5 billion to
                   $17.4 billion (or 11 percent) between those years, spending only decreased
                   from $20.4 billion to $19.9 billion (or slightly over 2 percent). DOE was
                   directed by the Congress to use its carryover balances of unspent funds
                   from prior years.3 Thus, it has recently been able to spend more than
                   provided by its annual funding. Furthermore, use of these carryover
                   balances has resulted in DOE’s receiving less new funding during the last
                   several years.


                   1
                     Federal workers are reported by DOE as full-time equivalents (FTE)—a personnel term that represents
                   the number of hours worked divided by the number of compensable hours in a fiscal year. Contractor
                   workers are reported to DOE in various measures including FTEs, year-end employment, and average
                   employment levels.
                   2
                    Energy’s Financial Resources and Workforce (GAO/RCED-96-69R, Feb. 28, 1996).
                   3
                    DOE’s carryover balances are the funds remaining from the obligational authority that the Congress
                   provided DOE in prior years. Because DOE has not yet obligated these funds or has not yet incurred
                   costs, they are carried over into the next fiscal year and called carryover balances.



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             B-276392




             DOE’soverall federal workforce declined from 19,836 workers to 18,608
             workers (or over 6 percent), and its contractor workforce declined from
             136,192 workers to 109,242 workers (or about 20 percent). About 50
             percent of the reductions in the federal workforce occurred at
             headquarters, while the other 50 percent occurred in DOE’s field offices.
             Even though overall reductions occurred, some programs had increases in
             spending and in their federal workforce. For example, as the defense
             nuclear production facilities have been transferred to the Environmental
             Program, spending has increased—by $682 million (or about 11 percent)
             between fiscal years 1994 and 1996. In addition, the Environmental
             Program’s federal workforce increased by 1,149 workers (or 56 percent).
             However, none of DOE’s major programs had increases in their contractor
             workforce.


             The administration and the Congress have encouraged federal agencies to
Background   reduce federal and contractor employment and spending and create a
             government that works better and costs less. The Federal Workforce
             Restructuring Act of 1994 was enacted to help federal agencies downsize
             by allowing non-Defense agencies to offer buyouts to employees who
             agreed to resign or retire by March 31, 1995.4 Furthermore, section 3161 of
             the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1993 was enacted
             to facilitate the reduction of DOE’s contractor workforce, which was
             necessitated by the end of the Cold War. Specifically, this act authorized
             DOE to minimize the impact of workforce reductions on contractor
             employees at defense nuclear facilities. Under this act, DOE has provided
             enhanced retirement and other benefits to help reduce the workforce.

             In May 1995, DOE implemented its Strategic Alignment and Downsizing
             Initiative, which was designed to reduce its funding by $1.7 billion over a
             5-year period. As we reported in May 1996, DOE’s overall spending and
             federal workforce reductions in fiscal year 1996 were consistent with the
             reduction goals of the Department’s Strategic Alignment and Downsizing
             Initiative.5 DOE met its goal to reduce spending by amending its budget
             request for fiscal year 1996 to reflect a planned savings of $208 million. It
             met its goal to reduce its federal workforce by reducing employment
             below its year-end target of 12,677 workers. This number excluded over
             6,000 workers in the power marketing administrations (PMA) and the

             4
              Agency heads were authorized to defer some employees’ separation until March 31, 1997. Under
             separate legislation, Defense agencies can offer buyouts through September 30, 1999.
             5
              Energy Downsizing: While DOE Is Achieving Budget Cuts, It Is Too Soon to Gauge Effects
             (GAO/RCED-96-154, May 13, 1996).



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                                     B-276392




                                     Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), which DOE had hoped to
                                     divest.6

                                     The end of the Cold War also significantly affected DOE’s missions. DOE’s
                                     primary mission has changed from producing nuclear weapons to one
                                     primarily of managing environmental cleanup at its facilities. This change
                                     has caused the closing and reconfiguring of DOE’s nuclear defense facilities
                                     and the downsizing of their federal workforce and contractor workforce.


                                     Despite an 11-percent decrease in congressional funding for DOE over the
Little Change in                     last 2 fiscal years, DOE’s spending has decreased by only 2 percent. From
Spending Despite                     fiscal year 1994 to fiscal year 1996, the Congress decreased DOE’s annual
Funding Reductions                   appropriations by $2 billion—from $19.5 billion to $17.4 billion. However,
                                     DOE’s expenditures for the same period decreased by only about
                                     $460 million—from $20.4 billion to $19.9 billion. DOE has been able to
                                     sustain its fiscal year 1994 spending level because it drew from its
                                     $12.9 billion carryover balance of unspent funds from prior years. In
                                     response to our identifying and reporting on these carryover balances
                                     during the last several years, the Congress has directed that the
                                     Department use these balances and request less new funding.7 Table 1
                                     shows the specific funding and spending changes.

Table 1: Reductions in Funding and
Expenditures, Fiscal Years 1994-96   Dollars in millions
                                                                               Fiscal year                        Change
                                                                                1994            1996        Amount       Percentage
                                     Funding (annual
                                     appropriations)                         $19,505         $17,359         $(2,146)              (11.0)
                                     Carryover balance from the
                                     prior years                              12,900           9,600           (3,300)             (25.6)
                                     Total funds available for
                                     spending                                 32,405          26,959           (5,446)             (16.8)
                                     Expenditures                            $20,353         $19,893           $(460)               (2.3)
                                     Note: Figures are in nominal dollars.

                                     Source: GAO’s analysis of DOE’s data.




                                     6
                                      The goals of the Strategic Alignment and Downsizing Initiative are reported as end-of-year
                                     employment figures, while the numbers we used for federal employment were reported as FTEs.
                                     7
                                       DOE Management: DOE Needs to Improve Its Analysis of Carryover Balances (GAO/RCED-96-57,
                                     Apr. 12, 1996).



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                                       B-276392




                                       Although overall spending since fiscal year 1994 has decreased, some
While Overall                          program spending has increased. For example, as shown in table 2, the
Spending Declined,                     Environmental Management Program’s spending increased by
Spending Increased in                  $682 million—from $6.5 billion to $7.2 billion. At the same time, spending
                                       for Defense Programs decreased by $1.2 billion, from $5 billion to $3.9
Some Programs                          billion. This spending shift reflects the increasing focus on environmental
                                       cleanup since the end of the Cold War. For example, DOE has been
                                       deactivating its defense nuclear production facilities and removing nuclear
                                       and nonnuclear hazardous materials. At DOE’s Savannah River facility,
                                       defense spending decreased about $779 million, while environmental
                                       management spending increased about $609 million. The increase in
                                       environmental spending resulted primarily from DOE’s using its carryover
                                       balances from prior years rather than new congressional funding.

                                       Another change, occurring within the administrative offices and other
                                       program areas within DOE, was the elimination of the Science Education
                                       and Technical Information Program (see app. I, table I.2). This program, in
                                       which we identified major weaknesses in a prior report,8 was not funded
                                       in fiscal year 1996, thus saving about $77 million.

Table 2: Changes in Spending for
Major Programs, Fiscal Years 1994-96   Dollars in millions
                                                                                   Fiscal year                       Change
                                       Program                                      1994             1996         Amount     Percentage
                                       Environmental Management                   $6,506          $7,187            $682           10.5
                                       Defense                                     5,049            3,880          (1,169)         (23.1)
                                       Energy Research                             2,865            3,029            165             5.8
                                       Nuclear Energy                              1,470            1,205           (264)          (18.0)
                                       Fossil Energy                               1,170            1,134             (36)          (3.1)
                                       Efficiency and Renewables                     861            1,227            367           42.6
                                       PMAs and FERC                                 656              614             (42)          (6.5)
                                       Administrative and other                      646              546           (100)          (15.5)
                                       Nonproliferation and Security                 507              527             20             4.0
                                       Civilian Radioactive Waste                    406              346             (60)         (14.8)
                                       Environment, Safety and
                                       Health                                        219              197             (22)          (9.9)
                                       Total                                    $20,353          $19,893           $(460)           (2.3)
                                       Note: Figures are in nominal dollars. Totals do not add due to rounding.

                                       Source: GAO’s analysis of DOE’s data.


                                       8
                                        Precollege Math and Science Education: Department of Energy’s Precollege Program Managed
                                       Ineffectively (GAO/HEHS-94-208, Sept. 13, 1994).



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                                       B-276392




                                       DOE’s  overall federal workforce has declined. Since fiscal year 1994, DOE’s
DOE’s Federal                          federal workforce has decreased by 1,228 FTEs (or 6 percent). As shown in
Workforce Has                          table 3, DOE made its largest reductions in Defense Programs by
Decreased                              eliminating 806 FTEs. While cuts were made in most of DOE’s programs, the
                                       Environmental Management Program increased by 1,149 FTEs. In large
                                       part, this increase resulted from a DOE agreement with the Office of
                                       Management and Budget to replace support service contractors with
                                       federal employees. As discussed in our earlier reports,9 this change was
                                       made because it was more economical to have federal workers performing
                                       certain tasks, such as processing personnel security information.

Table 3: Changes in the Federal
Workforce for Major Programs, Fiscal   Workforce numbers in FTEs
Years 1994-96                                                                   Fiscal year                     Change
                                       Program                                  1994           1996        Amount       Percentage
                                       Environmental Management                 2,058          3,207          1,149            55.8
                                       Defense                                  2,876          2,070           (806)          (28.0)
                                       Energy Research                           560             466             (94)         (16.8)
                                       Nuclear Energy                            478             408             (70)         (14.6)
                                       Fossil Energy                            1,096            941           (155)          (14.1)
                                       Efficiency and Renewables                 612             630             18             2.9
                                       PMAs and FERC                            6,809          6,114           (695)          (10.2)
                                       Administrative and other                 4,278          3,733           (545)          (12.7)
                                       Nonproliferation and Security             427             401             (26)          (6.1)
                                       Civilian Radioactive Waste                223             228               5            2.2
                                       Environment, Safety and
                                       Health                                    419             410              (9)          (2.1)
                                       Total                                   19,836         18,608         (1,228)           (6.2)
                                       Source: GAO’s analysis of DOE’s data.



                                       Within this federal workforce reduction, about 50 percent occurred at
                                       headquarters, while the other 50 percent occurred in DOE’s field offices.
                                       Virtually no change occurred in the ratio of headquarters staff to field
                                       staff. Headquarters staff accounted for just over 40 percent of DOE’s total
                                       federal workforce in fiscal year 1994 and accounted for almost 40 percent
                                       (a decrease of less than 1 percent) in fiscal year 1996.




                                       9
                                        Energy Management: Improving Cost-Effectiveness in DOE’s Support Services Will Be Difficult
                                       (GAO/RCED-93-88, Mar. 5, 1993) and Energy Management: Using DOE’s Employees Can Reduce Costs
                                       for Some Support Services (GAO/RCED-91-186, Aug. 16, 1991).



                                       Page 5                                     GAO/RCED-97-96 DOE’s Workforce and Spending
                       B-276392




                       Since the end of fiscal year 1994, DOE’s contractor workforce has been
Contractor Workforce   reduced by almost 27,000 workers. The workforce decreased from 136,192
Has Also Decreased     workers to 109,242 workers at the end of fiscal year 1996. As part of the
                       downsizing of DOE’s defense mission, the largest decrease—over half of
                       DOE’s total reduction—occurred in its Defense Programs, which have been
                       reduced by 14,693 workers. Other decreases that have occurred as part of
                       the overall downsizing include the Energy Research (361 workers),
                       Civilian Radioactive Waste (1,346 workers), and Environmental
                       Management (998 workers) programs. Other miscellaneous and
                       unspecified programs and activities also accounted for a major reduction
                       of 6,974 workers.

                       DOE’s reductions in its contractor workforce did not occur without related
                       costs. As we reported earlier this year, about 24,000 separated contractor
                       workers received an average of $25,600 in benefits.10 These benefits often
                       exceeded the value of the benefits the contractors normally would have
                       provided under existing contracts as well as what would have been
                       provided to federal workers in a reduction-in-force.




                       10
                        Department of Energy: Value of Benefits Paid to Separated Contractor Workforce Varied Widely
                       (GAO/RCED-97-33, Jan. 23, 1997).



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                                       B-276392




Table 4: Changes in the Contractor
Workforce for Major Programs, Fiscal   Number of contractor workers
Years 1994-96                                                                     Fiscal year                        Change
                                                  a
                                       Program                                    1994             1996        Amount       Percentage
                                       Environmental Management                 43,215           42,217             (998)              (2.3)
                                       Defense                                  39,946           25,253         (14,693)           (36.8)
                                       Energy Research                          13,688           13,327             (361)              (2.6)
                                       Nuclear Energy                             8,783           8,225             (558)              (6.4)
                                       Fossil Energy                              2,423           1,981             (442)          (18.2)
                                       Efficiency and Renewables                  2,350           1,881             (469)          (20.0)
                                       Administrative and other                   2,925           1,949             (976)          (33.4)
                                                                       b
                                       Nonproliferation and Security              2,543           2,329             (214)              (8.4)
                                       Civilian Radioactive Waste                 1,824             478           (1,346)          (73.8)
                                       Environment, Safety and
                                       Healthb                                    1,066             593             (473)          (44.4)
                                       Other miscellaneous and
                                       unspecified programs and
                                       activities                                 9,522           2,548           (6,974)          (73.2)
                                       Work for others                            7,907           8,461             554                7.0
                                       Total                                   136,192          109,242         (26,950)           (19.8)
                                       a
                                       While these numbers reflect the contractor workforce tracked by DOE, there are additional
                                       workers, such as subcontractors, that are not generally tracked.
                                       b
                                        While many of these workers are functionally assigned to these programs, many are funded out
                                       of other programs that manage the site at which they work.

                                       Source: GAO’s analysis of DOE’s data.




                                       We sent a draft of this report to the Department of Energy for its review
Agency Comments                        and comment. (DOE’s comments appear in app. VI.) DOE agreed with the
                                       report that cost and workforce reductions have occurred from fiscal years
                                       1994 to 1996. The Department also acknowledged that reductions in costs
                                       did not directly track to the reductions in annual congressional funding.
                                       DOE noted that it uses “onboard strength” (number of employees) to
                                       measure workforce reductions. While we agree that onboard strength is a
                                       means to measure workforce reductions, we used FTEs in this report
                                       because FTEs are a better measure of the personnel costs associated with
                                       performing missions or operating programs.


                                       To identify changes in DOE’s spending, funding, and federal and contractor
Scope and                              workforces, we started with our prior report that had developed a baseline
Methodology

                                       Page 7                                        GAO/RCED-97-96 DOE’s Workforce and Spending
B-276392




on this information for fiscal year 1994. To update the data for fiscal years
1995 and 1996, we obtained cost data from DOE’s Financial Information
System. Data on the size of the federal workforce, measured in FTEs, were
obtained from DOE’s Energy Manpower Personnel Resources and
Information System. Data on the contractor workforce were obtained from
DOE’s reports on Contractor Employment Distribution by Programs for the
quarters ending September 30 in 1995 and 1996. The data on the contractor
workforce that were reported by some contractors represent workforce
estimates or allocations rather than the actual number of employees.

We did not verify the accuracy of the financial data or data on the
workforces; however, we shared our results with DOE officials to obtain
their agreement that the data accurately reflected DOE’s actual spending
and the size of its workforces. We also reviewed relevant budget
documents, prior GAO reports, DOE’s Strategic Alignment and Downsizing
Initiative, and legislation. We discussed changes in the data with officials
representing the Strategic Alignment and Downsizing Initiative project.
These officials are in the offices of the Assistant Secretary for Human
Resources and Administration, the Associate Deputy Secretary for Field
Management, and the Chief Financial Officer. Our review was performed
from June 1996 through March 1997 in accordance with generally accepted
government auditing standards.


As arranged with your office, unless you publicly announce its contents
earlier, we plan no further distribution of this report for 7 days after the
date of this report. At that time, we will send copies to the Secretary of
Energy and make copies available to others on request.

Please contact me at (202) 512-3841 if you or your staff have any further
questions. Major contributors to this report are listed in appendix VII.




Victor S. Rezendes
Director, Energy, Resources, and
  Science Issues




Page 8                               GAO/RCED-97-96 DOE’s Workforce and Spending
Page 9   GAO/RCED-97-96 DOE’s Workforce and Spending
Contents



Letter                                                                      1


Appendix I                                                                 14

Changes in Major
Programs,
Administrative
Offices, and Other
Programs
Appendix II                                                                20

Changes in
Operations Offices
Appendix III                                                               21

Changes in Site
Offices and Facilities
Appendix IV                                                                24

Changes in Special
Purpose Offices and
Projects
Appendix V                                                                 27

Changes in
Laboratories
Appendix VI                                                                30

Comments From the
Department of Energy




                         Page 10   GAO/RCED-97-96 DOE’s Workforce and Spending
                        Contents




Appendix VII                                                                                       31

Major Contributors to
This Report
Tables                  Table 1: Reductions in Funding and Expenditures, Fiscal Years               3
                          1994-96
                        Table 2: Changes in Spending for Major Programs, Fiscal Years               4
                          1994-96
                        Table 3: Changes in the Federal Workforce for Major Programs,               5
                          Fiscal Years 1994-96
                        Table 4: Changes in the Contractor Workforce for Major                      7
                          Programs, Fiscal Years 1994-96
                        Table I.1: Costs for Major Programs, Fiscal Years 1994-96                  14
                        Table I.2: Costs for Administrative Offices and Other Programs,            15
                          Fiscal Years 1994-96
                        Table I.3: Federal Workforce for Major Programs, Fiscal Years              16
                          1994-96
                        Table I.4: Federal Workforce for Administrative Offices and Other          17
                          Programs, Fiscal Years 1994-96
                        Table I.5: Contractor Workforce for Major Programs, Fiscal Years           18
                          1994-96
                        Table I.6: Contractor Workforce for Administrative Offices and             19
                          Other Programs, Fiscal Years 1994-96
                        Table II.1: Costs for Operations Offices, Fiscal Years 1994-96             20
                        Table II.2: Federal Workforce for Operations Offices, Fiscal Years         20
                          1994-96
                        Table III.1: Costs for Site Offices and Facilities, Fiscal Years           21
                          1994-96
                        Table III.2: Federal Workforce for Site Offices and Facilities,            22
                          Fiscal Years 1994-96
                        Table III.3: Contractor Workforce for Site Offices and Facilities,         23
                          Fiscal Years 1994-96
                        Table IV.1: Costs for Special Purpose Offices and Projects, Fiscal         24
                          Years 1994-96
                        Table IV. 2: Federal Workforce for Special Purpose Offices and             25
                          Projects, Fiscal Years 1994-96
                        Table IV.3: Contractor Workforce for Special Purpose Offices and           26
                          Projects, Fiscal Years 1994-96
                        Table V.1: Costs for Laboratories, Fiscal Years 1994-96                    27




                        Page 11                            GAO/RCED-97-96 DOE’s Workforce and Spending
Contents




Table V.2: Contractor Workforce for Laboratories, Fiscal Years            29
  1994-96




Abbreviations

DOE        Department of Energy
FERC       Federal Energy Regulatory Commission
FTE        full-time equivalent
GAO        General Accounting Office
PMA        power marketing administration


Page 12                           GAO/RCED-97-96 DOE’s Workforce and Spending
Page 13   GAO/RCED-97-96 DOE’s Workforce and Spending
Appendix I

Changes in Major Programs, Administrative
Offices, and Other Programs


Table I.1: Costs for Major Programs, Fiscal Years 1994-96
Dollars in thousands
                                                                                                           Amount of            Percentage
                                                                                                      change between       change between
Program                                        1994                 1995                    1996        1994 and 1996        1994 and 1996
Environmental Management              $6,505,801             $6,619,461              $7,187,405              $681,604                     10.5
Defense                                5,048,536              4,617,132                3,879,821            (1,168,715)                  (23.1)
Energy Research                        2,864,515              3,124,544                3,029,366              164,851                          5.8
Nuclear Energy                         1,469,680              1,196,213                1,205,370              (264,310)                  (18.0)
Fossil Energy                          1,169,780              1,093,981                1,133,582               (36,198)                    (3.1)
Efficiency and Renewables                860,780              1,025,665                1,227,436              366,656                     42.6
Power marketing
administrations (PMA) and the
Federal Energy Regulatory
Commission (FERC)a                       656,210                583,088                  613,772               (42,438)                    (6.5)
Administrative and otherb                646,354                602,853                  546,272              (100,082)                  (15.5)
Nonproliferation and Security            506,918                502,488                  527,401                20,483                         4.0
Civilian Radioactive Waste               405,688                508,822                  345,681               (60,007)                  (14.8)
Environment, Safety and Health           218,969                192,164                  197,252               (21,717)                    (9.9)
Total                                $20,353,231           $20,066,411              $19,893,358             $(459,873)                     (2.3)
                                           Note: Figures are in nominal dollars.
                                           a
                                             The actual costs of operating the PMAs are greater than shown here. For the purpose of finance,
                                           the Bonneville Power Administration operates in a way that is similar to a government corporation
                                           with a revolving fund that is separate from DOE’s financial system. Furthermore, some costs of
                                           operating and maintaining PMAs’ facilities are financed through the appropriations of other
                                           agencies (e.g., the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and the Bureau of Reclamation) and some
                                           costs are recovered by the PMAs through power revenues.
                                           b
                                           See table I.2 for activities that make up this category.

                                           Source: GAO’s analysis of DOE’s data.




                                           Page 14                                          GAO/RCED-97-96 DOE’s Workforce and Spending
                                           Appendix I
                                           Changes in Major Programs, Administrative
                                           Offices, and Other Programs




Table I.2: Costs for Administrative Offices and Other Programs, Fiscal Years 1994-96
Dollars in thousands
                                                                                                            Amount of            Percentage
                                                                                                       change between       change between
Office a                                       1994                   1995                    1996       1994 and 1996        1994 and 1996
Congressional, Public and
Intergovernmental Affairsb                $6,248                    $6,487                 $5,970                 $(278)                   (4.4)
Policy                                    30,402                    28,289                 22,091                 (8,311)               (27.3)
Chief Financial Officer                   20,683                    19,808                 18,691                 (1,992)                  (9.6)
Economic Impact and Diversity              7,019                     8,037                   6,043                  (976)               (13.9)
Field Management                          33,336                    11,133                 10,012               (23,324)                (70.0)
General Counsel                           18,392                    17,676                 16,658                 (1,734)                  (9.4)
Human Resources                          183,618                   163,197                151,868               (31,750)                (17.3)
Field Office Departmental
Administrationc                          109,967                   112,442                100,165                 (9,802)                  (8.9)
Energy Information                        83,106                    84,134                 78,712                 (4,394)                  (5.3)
Science Education and
Technical Information                     77,280                    69,373                        0             (77,280)               (100.0)
Hearings and Appeals                       5,893                     6,617                   4,317                (1,576)               (26.7)
Inspector General                         27,743                    27,663                 28,280                    537                   1.9
Other                                     42,667                    47,997                103,465                60,798                142.5
Total                                   $646,354                 $602,853                $546,272             $(100,082)                (15.5)
                                           Note: Figures are in nominal dollars.
                                           a
                                               These data include both headquarters and field office costs.
                                           b
                                            This office was created during fiscal year 1996, when DOE merged the Office of Congressional
                                           and Intergovernmental Affairs with the Office of Public and Consumer Affairs.
                                           c
                                               These data include all Departmental Administration costs outside of DOE headquarters.

                                           Source: GAO’s analysis of DOE’s data.




                                           Page 15                                           GAO/RCED-97-96 DOE’s Workforce and Spending
                                          Appendix I
                                          Changes in Major Programs, Administrative
                                          Offices, and Other Programs




Table I.3: Federal Workforce for Major Programs, Fiscal Years 1994-96
Workforce numbers in full-time equivalents (FTE)
                                                                                                              Amount of          Percentage
                                                                                                         change between     change between
Program                                       1994                     1995                     1996       1994 and 1996      1994 and 1996
Environmental Management                   2,058                      2,727                    3,207               1,149               55.8
Defense                                    2,876                      2,653                    2,070                (806)             (28.0)
Energy Research                                560                      512                      466                 (94)             (16.8)
Nuclear Energy                                 478                      432                      408                 (70)             (14.6)
Fossil Energy                              1,096                      1,021                      941                (155)             (14.1)
Efficiency and Renewables                      612                      677                      630                 18                 2.9
PMAs and FERC                              6,809                      6,408                    6,114                (695)             (10.2)
Administrative and 0thera                  4,278                      4,137                    3,733                (545)             (12.7)
Nonproliferation and Security                  427                      406                      401                 (26)              (6.1)
Civilian Radioactive Waste                     223                      233                      228                   5                2.2
Environment, Safety and Health                 419                      452                      410                  (9)              (2.1)
Total                                     19,836                    19,658                   18,608               (1,228)              (6.2)
                                          a
                                              See table I.4 for activities that make up this category.

                                          Source: GAO’s analysis of DOE’s data.




                                          Page 16                                              GAO/RCED-97-96 DOE’s Workforce and Spending
                                          Appendix I
                                          Changes in Major Programs, Administrative
                                          Offices, and Other Programs




Table I.4: Federal Workforce for Administrative Offices and Other Programs, Fiscal Years 1994-96
Workforce numbers in FTEs
                                                                                                             Amount of          Percentage
                                                                                                        change between     change between
Officea                                       1994                   1995                   1996          1994 and 1996      1994 and 1996
Congressional, Public and
Intergovernmental Affairsb                     124                    120                     105                   (19)                  (15.3)
Policy                                         205                    214                     187                   (18)                   (8.8)
Chief Financial Officer                        292                    280                     259                   (33)                  (11.3)
Economic Impact and Diversity                    58                     51                     50                    (8)                  (13.8)
Field Management                                 86                     89                     68                   (18)                  (20.9)
General Counsel                                213                    213                     197                   (16)                   (7.5)
Human Resources                            1,006                      904                     797                  (209)                  (20.8)
Field Office Departmental
Administrationc                            1,156                    1,121                   1,005                  (151)                  (13.1)
Energy Information                             462                    473                     448                   (14)                   (3.0)
Science Education and
Technical Informationd                         190                    176                     143                   (47)                  (24.7)
Hearings and Appeals                             88                     80                     65                   (23)                  (26.1)
Inspector General                              358                    339                     324                   (34)                   (9.5)
Other                                            40                     77                     85                   45                    112.5
Total                                      4,278                    4,137                   3,733                  (545)                  (12.7)
                                          a
                                              These data include both headquarters and field offices.
                                          b
                                           During fiscal year 1996, the Office of Congressional and Intergovernmental Affairs was merged
                                          with the Office of Public and Consumer Affairs to form this office.
                                          c
                                              These data include all Departmental Administration employees outside of DOE headquarters.
                                          d
                                           This program was terminated during fiscal year 1996. The FTEs shown for fiscal year 1996
                                          represent those charged to the program before it was abolished.

                                          Source: GAO’s analysis of DOE’s data.




                                          Page 17                                           GAO/RCED-97-96 DOE’s Workforce and Spending
                                          Appendix I
                                          Changes in Major Programs, Administrative
                                          Offices, and Other Programs




Table I.5: Contractor Workforce for Major Programs, Fiscal Years 1994-96
Number of contractor workers
                                                                                                              Amount of           Percentage
                                                                                                         change between      change between
Program                                       1994                     1995                     1996       1994 and 1996       1994 and 1996
Environmental Management                 43,215                     38,654                   42,217                 (998)                   (2.3)
Defense                                  39,946                     33,433                   25,253              (14,693)                  (36.8)
Energy Research                          13,688                     13,958                   13,327                 (361)                   (2.6)
Nuclear Energy                             8,783                      8,529                    8,225                (558)                   (6.4)
Fossil Energy                              2,423                      2,161                    1,981                (442)                  (18.2)
Efficiency and Renewables                  2,350                      2,722                    1,881                (469)                  (20.0)
Administrative and othera,b                2,925                      4,368                    1,949                (976)                  (33.4)
                              b
Nonproliferation and Security              2,543                      1,936                    2,329                (214)                   (8.4)
Civilian Radioactive Waste                 1,824                      1,362                      478              (1,346)                  (73.8)
Environment, Safety and
Healthb                                    1,066                        591                      593                (473)                  (44.4)
Other miscellaneous and
unspecified programs and
activitiesc                                9,522                      2,666                    2,548              (6,974)                  (73.2)
Work for others                            7,907                      7,874                    8,461                554                      7.0
Total                                   136,192                    118,254                  109,242              (26,950)                  (19.8)
                                          a
                                              See table I.6 for activities that make up this category.
                                          b
                                           These contractor workers represent a functional allocation of staff performing work in these types
                                          of administrative activities, and for the most part, they are paid for by other DOE program offices.
                                          c
                                            DOE’s contractor workforce report does not provide a specific break down by program activity
                                          for this category.

                                          Source: GAO’s analysis of DOE’s data.




                                          Page 18                                              GAO/RCED-97-96 DOE’s Workforce and Spending
                                          Appendix I
                                          Changes in Major Programs, Administrative
                                          Offices, and Other Programs




Table I.6: Contractor Workforce for Administrative Offices and Other Programs, Fiscal Years 1994-96
Number of contractor workers
                                                                                                          Amount of               Percentage
                                                                                                     change between          change between
Officea                                       1994                 1995                    1996        1994 and 1996           1994 and 1996
Chief Financial Officer                    2,255                  3,469                   1,351                     (904)                     (40.1)
Human Resources                                445                  660                     396                      (49)                     (11.0)
Policy                                          62                  132                     109                       47                      75.8
Economic Impact and Diversity                    0                    14                       3                       3                  100.0
Energy Information                             102                     5                       1                    (101)                     (99.0)
Science Education and
Technical Information                           61                    88                      89                      28                      45.9
Total                                      2,925                  4,368                   1,949                     (976)                     (33.4)
                                          a
                                           These contractor workers are located in the field and represent a functional allocation of staff
                                          performing work in these types of administrative activities. For the most part, these workers are
                                          paid for by other DOE program offices.

                                          Source: GAO’s analysis of DOE’s data.




                                          Page 19                                         GAO/RCED-97-96 DOE’s Workforce and Spending
Appendix II

Changes in Operations Offices



Table II.1: Costs for Operations Offices, Fiscal Years 1994-96
Dollars in thousands
                                                                                                       Amount of           Percentage
                                                                                                  change between      change between
Office                                       1994                    1995                 1996      1994 and 1996       1994 and 1996
Albuquerque                            $4,293,202             $3,356,191             $3,608,801         $(684,401)              (15.9)
Chicago                                 2,373,299              2,571,947              2,517,034           143,735                 6.1
Idaho                                     917,143                818,778               707,800            (209,343)             (22.8)
Nevada                                    636,837                499,074               447,469            (189,368)             (29.7)
Oak Ridge                               3,087,676              2,608,114              2,201,028           (886,648)             (28.7)
Oakland                                 1,506,159              1,544,792              1,700,366           194,207                12.9
Richland                                1,868,675              1,835,964              1,710,297           (158,378)              (8.5)
Savannah River                          1,784,455              1,732,122              1,638,407           (146,048)              (8.2)
Total                                 $16,467,446           $14,966,982             $14,531,202        $(1,936,244)             (11.8)
                                            Note: Figures are in nominal dollars.

                                            Source: GAO’s analysis of DOE’s data.




Table II.2: Federal Workforce for Operations Offices, Fiscal Years 1994-96
Workforce numbers in FTEs
                                                                                                       Amount of           Percentage
                                                                                                  Change between      change between
Office                                       1994                    1995                 1996      1994 and 1996       1994 and 1996
Albuquerque                                 1,573                   1,532                 1,482                (91)              (5.8)
Chicago                                       570                     577                  520                 (50)              (8.8)
Idaho                                         462                     451                  425                 (37)              (8.0)
Nevada                                        389                     389                  375                 (14)              (3.6)
Oak Ridge                                     862                     727                  682                (180)             (20.9)
Oakland                                       400                     429                  411                 11                 2.8
Richland                                      441                     544                  536                 95                21.5
Savannah River                                543                     571                  573                 30                 5.5
Total                                       5,240                   5,220                 5,004               (236)              (4.5)
                                            Source: GAO’s analysis of DOE’s data.




                                            Page 20                                       GAO/RCED-97-96 DOE’s Workforce and Spending
Appendix III

Changes in Site Offices and Facilities



Table III.1: Costs for Site Offices and Facilities, Fiscal Years 1994-96
Dollars in thousands
                                                                                                              Amount of               Percentage
Office/                                                                                                  change between          change between
facility                                          1994                 1995                    1996        1994 and 1996           1994 and 1996
Hanford Sitea                           $1,664,021              $1,492,133              $1,395,950               $(268,071)                    (16.1)
                 b
Savannah River                            1,669,471              1,600,932               1,496,304                 (173,167)                   (10.4)
Oak Ridgec                                1,575,422              1,346,382               1,270,807                 (304,615)                   (19.3)
Grand Junction                               56,570                  58,203                  65,736                   9,166                        16.2
Kansas City                                344,218                 296,299                 333,723                  (10,495)                       (3.0)
Mound Plant                                162,493                 134,273                 116,395                  (46,098)                   (28.4)
Nevada Test Sited                          210,241                 184,172                 155,159                  (55,082)                   (26.2)
Uranium Enrichment, including
Paducah and Portsmouth                     342,450                 438,911                 433,997                   91,547                        26.7
Pantex Plant                               266,203                 282,051                 290,555                   24,352                         9.1
Pinellas Plant                             103,050                   90,527                  63,590                 (39,460)                   (38.3)
Waste Isolation Pilot Plant                  84,260                  81,819                  83,505                     (755)                      (0.9)
Total                                   $6,478,399              $6,005,702              $5,705,721               $(772,678)                    (11.9)
                                              Note: Figures are in nominal dollars.
                                              a
                                                These costs are for the entire site and include the Pacific Northwest Laboratory. The laboratory
                                              costs are shown separately in table V.1.
                                              b
                                               These costs include the Savannah River Plant, the Savannah River Technology Center, and the
                                              Savannah River Ecology Laboratory. The laboratory costs are shown separately in table V.1.
                                              c
                                                These costs include the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, the Oak Ridge Gaseous Diffusion Plant,
                                              the Y-12 Plant, and the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education. The Institute and the Oak
                                              Ridge National Laboratory are shown separately in table V.1.
                                              d
                                               These costs exclude those attributable to the Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project. See
                                              table IV.1 for those costs.

                                              Source: GAO’s analysis of DOE’s data.




                                              Page 21                                         GAO/RCED-97-96 DOE’s Workforce and Spending
                                             Appendix III
                                             Changes in Site Offices and Facilities




Table III.2: Federal Workforce for Site Offices and Facilities, Fiscal Years 1994-96
Workforce numbers in FTEs
                                                                                                    Amount of                     Percentage
                                                                                               change between                change between
Office/facility                                  1994         1995             1996              1994 and 1996                 1994 and 1996
Grand Junction                                     14            21               22                             8                         57.1
Kansas City                                        87            85               69                           (18)                       (20.7)
Mound Plant                                        49           128             131                            82                         167.3
Nevada Test Sitea                                 168           153             150                            (18)                       (10.7)
Paducah/Portsmouth                                 66            26               25                           (41)                       (62.1)
Pantex                                             76            82               88                           12                          15.8
Pinellas                                           29            27               28                            (1)                            (3.4)
Waste Isolation Pilot Plant                        52            58               57                             5                             9.6
Total                                             541           580             570                            29                              5.4
                                             a
                                              These FTEs exclude those attributable to the Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project. See
                                             table IV.2 for those FTEs.

                                             Source: GAO’s analysis of DOE’s data.




                                             Page 22                                       GAO/RCED-97-96 DOE’s Workforce and Spending
                                             Appendix III
                                             Changes in Site Offices and Facilities




Table III.3: Contractor Workforce for Site Offices and Facilities, Fiscal Years 1994-96
Number of contractor workers
                                                                                                            Amount of              Percentage
                                                                                                       change between         change between
Office/facility                                  1994                1995                    1996        1994 and 1996          1994 and 1996
Hanforda                                    16,741                 13,186                  12,636                  (4,105)                     (24.5)
                  b
Savannah River                              19,028                 15,625                  14,581                  (4,447)                     (23.4)
Oak Ridgec                                  17,462                 16,224                  14,734                  (2,728)                     (15.6)
Grand Junction                                    970                  676                    616                    (354)                     (36.5)
Kansas City                                  3,289                   3,563                  3,696                     407                      12.4
Mound Plant                                  1,337                   1,127                    997                    (340)                     (25.4)
Nevada Test Sited                            4,592                   3,929                  2,777                  (1,815)                     (39.5)
Pantex                                       2,853                   2,985                  2,984                     131                        4.6
Pinellas                                          999                  658                    552                    (447)                     (44.7)
Waste Isolation Pilot Plant                       735                  637                    628                    (107)                     (14.6)
Total                                       68,006                 58,610                  54,201                 (13,805)                     (20.3)
                                             a
                                              These workforce data are for the entire site and include the Pacific Northwest Laboratory. The
                                             laboratory data are shown separately in table V.2.
                                             b
                                              These workforce data include the Savannah River Plant, the Savannah River Technology Center,
                                             and the Savannah River Ecology Laboratory. The laboratory data are shown separately in table
                                             V.2.
                                             c
                                               These workforce data include the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, the Oak Ridge, Paducah and
                                             Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plants, the Y-12 Plant, and the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and
                                             Education. The Institute and the Oak Ridge National Laboratory are shown separately in table V.2.
                                             d
                                              These workforce data exclude those attributable to the Yucca Mountain Site Characterization
                                             Project. See table IV.3 for that data.

                                             Source: GAO’s analysis of DOE’s data.




                                             Page 23                                        GAO/RCED-97-96 DOE’s Workforce and Spending
Appendix IV

Changes in Special Purpose Offices and
Projects


Table IV.1: Costs for Special Purpose Offices and Projects, Fiscal Years 1994-96
Dollars in thousands
                                                                                            Amount of                Percentage
                                                                                       change between           change between
Office/project                              1994             1995             1996       1994 and 1996            1994 and 1996
Bartlesville Project Office              $14,186         $21,480          $24,487               $10,301                     72.6
Fernald Environmental Management
Project                                  295,351         291,278          248,908               (46,443)                   (15.7)
Morgantown Energy Technology
Center                                   361,122         422,507          479,513               118,391                     32.8
Naval Petroleum and Oil Shale
Reserves                                  17,607           24,996           17,759                  152                      0.9
Naval Petroleum Reserves-California      252,813         169,560          144,830              (107,983)                   (42.7)
Pittsburgh Energy Technology Center      221,408         218,250          303,249                81,841                     37.0
                              a
Pittsburgh Naval Reactors                329,944         359,732          379,203                49,259                     14.9
Rocky Flats                              719,274         661,733          543,204              (176,070)                   (24.5)
Schenectady Naval Reactorsb              312,040         298,965          294,975               (17,065)                    (5.5)
Strategic Petroleum Reserve              191,091         220,189          211,626                20,535                     10.7
West Valley Demonstration Project        131,387         139,922          111,741               (19,646)                   (15.0)
Yucca Mountain Site
Characterization Project                 279,713         371,251          249,294               (30,419)                   (10.9)
Total                                 $3,125,936      $3,199,863       $3,008,789             $(117,147)                    (3.7)
                                           Note: Figures are in nominal dollars.

                                           Source: GAO’s analysis of DOE’s data.




                                           Page 24                                   GAO/RCED-97-96 DOE’s Workforce and Spending
                                           Appendix IV
                                           Changes in Special Purpose Offices and
                                           Projects




Table IV. 2: Federal Workforce for Special Purpose Offices and Projects, Fiscal Years 1994-96
Workforce numbers in FTEs
                                                                                           Amount of                Percentage
                                                                                      change between           change between
Office/project                              1994            1995            1996        1994 and 1996            1994 and 1996
Bartlesville Project Office                   24              27              24                     0                       0
Fernald Environmental Management
Project                                       67              62              62                    (5)                    (7.5)
Morgantown Energy Technology
Center                                       331             317             293                   (38)                   (11.5)
Naval Petroleum and Oil Shale
Reserves                                      14              14              13                    (1)                    (7.1)
Naval Petroleum Reserves-California           52              49              45                    (7)                   (13.5)
Pittsburgh Energy Technology Center          318             298             269                   (49)                   (15.4)
Pittsburgh Naval Reactors                     79              77              73                    (6)                    (7.6)
Rocky Flats                                  221             280             299                    78                     35.3
Schenectady Naval Reactors                    68              66              63                    (5)                    (7.4)
Strategic Petroleum Reserve Office           126             120             116                   (10)                    (7.9)
West Valley Demonstration Project             20              25              25                     5                     25.0
Yucca Mountain Site
Characterization Project                      41             100              98                    57                   139.0
Total                                      1,361           1,435           1,380                    19                      1.4
                                           Source: GAO’s analysis of DOE’s data.




                                           Page 25                                  GAO/RCED-97-96 DOE’s Workforce and Spending
                                           Appendix IV
                                           Changes in Special Purpose Offices and
                                           Projects




Table IV.3: Contractor Workforce for Special Purpose Offices and Projects, Fiscal Years 1994-96
Number of contractor workers
                                                                                                  Amount of           Percentage
                                                                                             change between      change between
Office/project                              1994                  1995               1996      1994 and 1996       1994 and 1996
Bartlesville Project Office                  215                   233                196                 (19)              (8.8)
Fernald Environmental
Management Project                         2,335                 2,208               1,995              (340)              (14.6)
Naval Petroleum and Oil Shale
Reserves                                     127                   127                112                 (15)             (11.8)
Naval Petroleum
Reserves-California                          733                   525                511               (222)              (30.3)
Pittsburgh Energy Technology
Center                                       236                   258                158                 (78)             (33.1)
Pittsburgh Naval Reactors                    788                   724                649               (139)              (17.6)
Rocky Flats                                6,741                 4,460               3,535             (3,206)             (47.6)
Schenectady Naval Reactors                 2,972                 2,970               2,774              (198)               (6.7)
Strategic Petroleum Reserve
Office                                       954                   930                901                 (53)              (5.6)
West Valley Demonstration
Project                                      970                   957                912                 (58)              (6.0)
Yucca Mountain Site
Characterization Project                     567                   644                444               (123)              (21.7)
Total                                     16,638                14,036              12,187             (4,451)             (26.8)
                                           Source: GAO’s analysis of DOE’s data.




                                           Page 26                                   GAO/RCED-97-96 DOE’s Workforce and Spending
Appendix V

Changes in Laboratories



Table V.1: Costs for Laboratories, Fiscal Years 1994-96
Dollars in thousands
                                                                                         Amount of           Percentage
                                                                                    change between      change between
Laboratory                                  1994               1995         1996      1994 and 1996       1994 and 1996
Ames Laboratory                          $35,499            $32,640      $28,952             $(6,547)                (18.4)
Argonne National Laboratory
“East” and “West”                        546,105            530,239      473,317             (72,788)                (13.3)
Bettis Atomic Power Laboratory           323,369            352,081      373,672             50,303                   15.6
Brookhaven National
Laboratory                               361,946            393,840      400,992             39,046                   10.8
Energy Technology
Engineering Center                        32,807             21,675       14,740             (18,067)                (55.1)
Fermi National Accelerator
Laboratory                               237,912            256,675      271,916             34,004                   14.3
Idaho National Engineering
Laboratorya                              681,245            685,887      571,539            (109,706)                (16.1)
Inhalation Toxicology
Research Institute                        13,465             15,073       13,516                 51                    0.4
Knolls Atomic Power
Laboratory                               306,140            293,699      289,549             (16,591)                 (5.4)
Laboratory of Radiobiology
and Environmental Health                   2,861              2,587        1,483              (1,378)                (48.2)
Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory             214,060            237,411      290,191             76,131                   35.6
Lawrence Livermore National
Laboratory                               724,766            687,679      737,614             12,848                    1.8
Los Alamos National
Laboratory                               968,082            983,762      942,606             (25,476)                 (2.6)
National Renewable Energy
Laboratory                               203,686            217,401      204,748               1,062                   0.5
Oak Ridge Institute for Science
and Education                             41,801             36,556       30,800             (11,001)                (26.3)
Oak Ridge National Laboratory            338,847            326,314      422,999             84,152                   24.8
Pacific Northwest Laboratory             378,289            409,830      374,803              (3,486)                 (0.9)
Princeton Plasma Physics
Laboratory                               107,657            132,727       65,095             (42,562)                (39.5)
Sandia National Laboratory             1,076,392           1,083,579    1,053,855            (22,537)                 (2.1)
Savannah River Ecology
Laboratory                                11,757             11,489        8,594              (3,163)                (26.9)
Stanford Linear Accelerator
Center                                   158,944            185,477      195,373             36,429                   22.9
Thomas Jefferson National
Accelerator Facilityb                     75,359             77,470       70,691              (4,668)                 (6.2)
Total                                 $6,840,989          $6,974,091   $6,837,045            $(3,944)                 (0.1)

                                                                                                 (Table notes on next page)


                                           Page 27                          GAO/RCED-97-96 DOE’s Workforce and Spending
Appendix V
Changes in Laboratories




Note: Figures are in nominal dollars.
a
  These costs include Idaho National Engineering Laboratory and all other reporting facilities
except Argonne National Laboratory-West and the Pittsburgh Naval Reactors. The reactors’ costs
are shown in table IV.1.
b
Prior to 1996, this facility was known as the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility.

Source: GAO’s analysis of DOE’s data.




Page 28                                        GAO/RCED-97-96 DOE’s Workforce and Spending
                                           Appendix V
                                           Changes in Laboratories




Table V.2: Contractor Workforce for Laboratories, Fiscal Years 1994-96
Number of contractor workers
                                                                                                    Amount of                     Percentage
                                                                                               change between                change between
Laboratory                                  1994             1995             1996               1994 and 1996                 1994 and 1996
Ames Laboratory                              538              551              500                             (38)                            (7.1)
Argonne National Laboratory “East”
and “West”                                 4,502            4,202            3,998                           (504)                            (11.2)
Bettis Atomic Power Laboratory             2,462            2,426            2,374                             (88)                            (3.6)
Brookhaven National Laboratory             3,083            3,321            3,142                              59                              1.9
Energy Technology Engineering
Center                                       151              151              102                             (49)                           (32.5)
Fermi National Accelerator
Laboratory                                 2,168            2,133            2,093                             (75)                            (3.5)
Idaho National Engineering
Laboratory                                 7,416            5,842            5,512                         (1,904)                            (25.7)
Inhalation Toxicology Research
Institute                                    168              157              146                             (22)                           (13.1)
Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory             2,927            2,933            2,753                           (174)                             (5.9)
Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory               2,410            2,240            2,423                              13                              0.5
Lawrence Livermore National
Laboratory                                 6,009            5,680            5,385                           (624)                            (10.4)
Los Alamos National Laboratory             7,024            7,145            6,763                           (261)                             (3.7)
National Renewable Energy
Laboratory                                   913              877              629                           (284)                            (31.1)
Oak Ridge Institute for Science and
Education                                    644              552              477                           (167)                            (25.9)
Oak Ridge National Laboratory              6,033            4,330            4,352                         (1,681)                            (27.9)
Pacific Northwest Laboratory               4,383            3,169            3,039                         (1,344)                            (30.7)
Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory          729              559              510                           (219)                            (30.0)
Sandia National Laboratory                 8,458            8,432            8,169                           (289)                             (3.4)
Savannah River Ecology Laboratory            201              195              202                               1                              0.5
Stanford Linear Accelerator Center         1,292            1,245            1,221                             (71)                            (5.5)
Thomas Jefferson National
Accelerator Facilitya                        474              524              493                              19                              4.0
Total                                     61,985           56,664           54,283                         (7,702)                            (12.4)
                                           a
                                             Prior to fiscal year 1996, this facility was known as the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator
                                           Facility.

                                           Source: GAO’s analysis of DOE’s data.




                                           Page 29                                         GAO/RCED-97-96 DOE’s Workforce and Spending
Appendix VI

Comments From the Department of Energy




              Page 30     GAO/RCED-97-96 DOE’s Workforce and Spending
Appendix VII

Major Contributors to This Report


                        Allen Li, Associate Director
Resources,              Jeffrey E. Heil, Assistant Director
Community, and          Carrie M. Stevens
Economic                Barbara A. Johnson
                        Casandra D. Joseph
Development             J. Annette Wright
Division, Washington,
D.C.




(308686)                Page 31                               GAO/RCED-97-96 DOE’s Workforce and Spending
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