AUDIT REPORT Suburban Mortgage Associates, Inc., Bethesda, MD, Cost HUD $14 Million and Placed an Additional $26.2 Million at Risk 2005-BO-1008 September 30, 2005 OFFICE OF AUDIT, REGION 1 BOSTON, MA Issue Date: September 30, 2005 Audit Report Number: 2005-BO-1008 TO: Brian Montgomery, Assistant Secretary for Housing – Federal Housing Commissioner, H Margarita Maisonette, Director of Departmental Enforcement Center, CV FROM: for John A. Dvorak, Regional Inspector General for Audit, 1AGA SUBJECT: Suburban Mortgage Associates, Incorporated, Bethesda, Maryland, as an Approved Lender, Cost HUD $14 Million and Placed an Additional $26.2 Million at Risk. HIGHLIGHTS What We Audited and Why We audited specific U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) insured mortgages originated and serviced by Suburban Mortgage Associates, Incorporated (Suburban Mortgage), of Bethesda, Maryland. During a review of nursing homes that defaulted on their HUD-insured mortgages, we found that three1 defaulted nursing homes and one2 financially troubled nursing home received HUD-insured mortgages from the same lender, Suburban Mortgage. Our audit objective was to assess the performance of Suburban Mortgage in carrying out its origination and servicing functions through a review of Suburban Mortgage’s HUD-insured loans. 1 Suburban provided these three loans to Coventry Health Center, Edmund Place Health Center, and Hillside Health Center. 2 Suburban provided this loan to Mount Saint Francis Health Center. What We Found We found significant irregularities in how Suburban Mortgage originated and serviced six HUD-insured loans to affiliated3 entities by failing to perform its fiduciary responsibilities. We identified four HUD-insured loans that Suburban Mortgage originated to identity-of-interest entities. Suburban Mortgage also originated a HUD-insured loan to a property that its executive vice president formerly owned. Additionally, Suburban Mortgage originated a HUD-insured loan to a property whose owners had other business ventures with its executive vice president. Appendix C delineates the relationships between these entities. As of January 24, 2005, three affiliated entities4 had defaulted on their loans. Suburban Mortgage requested assignment of the three defaulted loans to HUD. HUD paid Suburban Mortgage’s claim for two of the defaults. These two defaults caused HUD a combined net loss of $14 million. The third defaulted loan has an unpaid principal balance of $12.6 million. As of April 29, 2005, HUD notified Suburban Mortgage the claim for insurance was denied for this loan. The risk of loss on this defaulted loan and two other identity-of-interest loans could cause HUD to lose an additional $26.2 million. We also found that Suburban Mortgage’s servicing failures contributed to unnecessary interest and penalties of $229,673 from the late payment of real estate taxes. What We Recommend We recommend that HUD: (1) require reimbursement of $229,673 for the unnecessary charges allowed by Suburban Mortgage, and (2) terminate the $26.2 million in HUD-insured loans to the remaining three identity-of-interest properties. In addition, we recommend that HUD take appropriate administrative sanctions against Suburban Mortgage and its principals for its failure to perform its mortgage-related fiduciary duties. For each recommendation without a management decision, please respond and provide status reports in accordance with HUD Handbook 2000.06, REV-3. Please furnish us copies of any correspondence or directives issued because of the audit. Auditee’s Response The auditee’s narrative response, along with our evaluation of that response, can be found in appendix D of this report. The auditee also provided exhibits to support its position, but these exhibits were too voluminous to include in our report. We received these exhibits on June 7, 2005 and June 30, 2005. 3 Throughout this report we use the term affiliated to refer to the identity-of-interest relationships or business ventures the executive vice president had with the six HUD-insured properties discussed in this report. 4 These three entities are Edmund Place Health Center, Coventry Health Center, and Hillside Health Center. 2 TABLE OF CONTENTS Background and Objectives 5 Results of Audit Finding 1: Suburban Mortgage’s Failure to Perform Its Fiduciary 7 Responsibilities Caused Defaults and Unnecessarily Increased the Risk to HUD- Insured Loans 18 Scope and Methodology Internal Controls 19 Appendixes A. Schedule of Questioned Costs and Funds to Be Put to Better Use 21 B. Definitions 22 C. Affiliated Entities 25 D. Auditee Comments and OIG’s Evaluation 29 3 BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), through its subsidiary, the Federal Housing Administration, allows approved lenders to provide loans eligible for HUD- insured mortgages to private entities. This mortgage insurance provides lenders with protection against losses related to loan defaults. These loans must meet specific criteria outlined in the National Housing Act. Loans insured under Section 232 of the National Housing Act fund the construction and rehabilitation of residential health care facilities. Loans insured under Section 221(d)(4) of the National Housing Act fund new construction or substantial rehabilitation of multifamily rental or cooperative housing. HUD’s regulatory guidelines for these programs are contained within Title 24 of the Code of Federal Regulations. Each entity receiving a HUD-insured multifamily loan enters into a regulatory agreement with HUD. The regulatory agreement identifies many terms and conditions with which property owners must comply. HUD also provides guidance on lender responsibilities in the form of HUD directives and handbooks and through references contained in the United States Code and the Code of Federal Regulations. HUD guidance establishes requirements for approved lenders and entities receiving HUD-insured mortgages and prohibits certain business practices. Appendix B discusses specific guidance. Suburban Mortgage Associates, Incorporated (Suburban Mortgage), is a HUD-approved lender with offices located at 4630 Montgomery Avenue, Bethesda, MD. In 1978, the president and the executive vice president created Suburban Mortgage and divided the ownership of the corporation between themselves and a second corporation with each entity receiving a third of the company. During our audit period, Suburban Mortgage had three members on its board of directors: (1) the president and chief executive officer, (2) the executive vice president, and (3) the partner of a law firm that provides legal counsel for Suburban Mortgage. Suburban Mortgage advised that its executive vice president terminated his role as a board member in November 2003, but was unable to provide his letter or resignation. Instead, Suburban Mortgage provided a copy of the minutes of the board of directors’ meeting dated November 13, 2003 signed by the president of Suburban Mortgage. The replacement for the executive vice president is the attorney who has represented the executive vice president as a registered agent for serveral affiliated properties and companies. As of August 2003, Suburban Mortgage had used HUD insurance for 57 loans totaling $314.3 million. Of this total, entities receiving 12 loans defaulted, causing HUD to pay Suburban Mortgage more than $64 million, representing the outstanding amount of these loans at the time of default. 4 The executive vice president of Suburban Mortgage had multiple roles in its operation while also having multiple roles at entities receiving HUD-insured loans through Suburban Mortgage. During the audit period, the executive vice president also served as One of three board members for Suburban Mortgage, A consultant to Suburban Mortgage who is paid to originate loans, An ownership partner of four separate entities that received HUD-insured loans from Suburban Mortgage, The owner of a separate management company managing the individual properties that received the HUD-insured loans from Suburban Mortgage, The president or general partner of three service companies. These service companies have been paid by the properties that received their HUD-insured loans from Suburban Mortgage. The executive vice president’s four children also own and operate service companies and a management agent doing business with Suburban Mortgage and/or entities that received HUD- insured loans from Suburban Mortgage. Appendix C discusses these identity-of-interest relationships. Our objective was to assess the performance of Suburban Mortgage in originating and servicing selected HUD-insured loans. During our audit, we also made special note of the involvement of affiliated entities receiving these loans and the extent to which affiliated companies and entities were transacting business with each other. 5 RESULTS OF AUDIT Finding 1: Suburban Mortgage’s Failure to Perform Its Fiduciary Responsibilities Caused Defaults and Unnecessarily Increased the Risk to HUD-Insured Loans Suburban Mortgage failed to perform its fiduciary responsibilities for HUD-insured loans totaling $62.8 million. Suburban Mortgage • Allowed its executive vice president to ratify HUD-insured loans for properties in which he had an ownership interest. • Paid the executive vice president for loan originations on HUD-insured loans for properties in which he had an ownership interest. • Provided misleading and confusing information to HUD regarding identity-of-interest relationships involving the executive vice president of Suburban Mortgage and two mortgagors. • Did not report to HUD cash distributions to owners of identity-of-interest properties with HUD-insured loans that it knew or should have known about. • Failed to notify HUD of an identity-of-interest mortgagor’s failure to pay the mortgage principal, required reserve for replacements deposits, and real estate taxes. These conditions occurred because the management of Suburban Mortgage ignored prudent business practices and failed to follow proper management controls. As a result of these conditions, Suburban Mortgage (1) Cannot assure HUD of its compliance with applicable federal regulations, (2) Caused HUD a $14 million loss due to two5 defaulted loans that Suburban Mortgage originated for affiliated entities, (3) Increased HUD’s risk of loss on three remaining identity-of-interest, HUD-insured loans totaling $26.2 million, and (4) Permitted an affiliated entity to incur $229,673 in unnecessary penalties. 5 The two loans are Coventry Health Center and Edmund Place Health Center. 6 Suburban Mortgage provided $62.8 million in HUD-insured loans to affiliated entities as shown below. Property Location Loan Amount Date Coventry Health Center Coventry, RI $15,308,700 May 1994 Hillcrest Village Providence, RI 5,752,800 June 1992 Hillside Health Center Providence, RI 12,979,300 August 1998 Mount St. Francis Health Center Woonsocket, RI 8,616,900 July 1995 Edmund Place Health Center East Providence, RI 9,147,900 June 1995 Riverview Nursing Home Coventry, RI 11,068,700 November 1996 Total $62,874,300 Executive Vice President Ratifies Loans to Affiliated Entities The executive vice president of Suburban Mortgage ratified two loans, insured by HUD, in which he had direct ownership interests: Coventry Health Center, and Hillcrest Village. The executive vice president also ratified one loan to Edmund Place Health Center that was managed by one of his children’s companies. HUD regulations state that approved lenders (such as Suburban Mortgage) and any officer, partner, director, principal, or employee shall not be engaged in business practices that do not conform to generally accepted practices of prudent lenders or that demonstrate irresponsibility. Allowing the executive vice president to ratify these loans does not conform to prudent lending practices. Executive Vice President Paid to Originate Loans to Entities that the Executive Vice President May Have Owned HUD regulations prohibit payments by lenders such as Suburban Mortgage to persons associated with or receiving compensation from the owner. The executive vice president has ownership interest in four properties to which Suburban Mortgage provided HUD-insured loans. Financial records for two of these properties showed that the executive vice president received consideration from each property in his role as general partner of the ownership entity. Regulations state a mortgagee may not pay anything of value in connection with any insured mortgage transaction to any person or entity if such person has received any other consideration from the mortgagor for services related to the transaction. In this case, Suburban Mortgage paid commissions to the executive vice 7 president, who received a partnership interest from the mortgagor as part of the loan transactions. Suburban Mortgage confirmed the executive vice president performed work as a loan originator for the company. From 2001 to 2003, Suburban Mortgage paid its executive vice president, as a consultant, approximately $65,000 per year for loan origination services. Suburban Mortgage could not provide documents and records to specifically identify which loans the executive vice president originated. Misleading Assertions by Suburban Mortgage Regarding Loan Recipients Suburban Mortgage used traditional application procedures to process the six loans to affiliated entities. For these loans processed using traditional application procedures, Suburban Mortgage originated and serviced the loan while HUD underwrote the loan and approved it for insurance. For two6 loans, Suburban Mortgage certified that the loan to the identity-of- interest entity was not an identity-of-interest or was an arms-length transaction7. While an identity-of-interest relationship between the mortgagee and the owner is allowed per HUD regulations, it must be fully disclosed. We found the other loan was not an arms-length transaction. Appendix C delineates these misleading assertions. 6 These two loans were for Hillside Health Center and Mount Saint Francis Health Center. 7 See appendix B for definition of arms-length transaction. 8 Suburban Did Not Report Owner Distributions to HUD Suburban Mortgage did not report to HUD cash distributions made to the owners of two identity-of-interest properties that Suburban knew or should have known about. Coventry Health Center and Mount Saint Francis Health Center paid out more than $1.1 million to its general partner in loans and unearned fees while the properties were financially distressed. The general partner of each of these two entities is also the executive vice president of Suburban Mortgage. The audited financial statements received by Suburban Mortgage showed partners’ fees to Coventry Health Center and Mount Saint Francis. Coventry Health Center Payments in Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 1998 Executive Service Fee 60,833 Loan 15,000 Total $75,883 Mount Saint Francis Health Center Payments in Fiscal Year Partners’ fees. 2000 201,600 2001 228,847 2002 301,003 2003 322,100 Total $1,053,550 These projects were financially troubled and carried significant account payables8. As the mortgagee, Suburban Mortgage should have reviewed annual financial statements9 to ensure that project funds were properly utilized for the stability of the project. Stability of the project benefits both HUD and the mortgagee. A mortgagee’s quality control program must ensure that findings discovered by employees during the normal course of business are reported to HUD within 60 days of the initial discovery10. Our review of Suburban Mortgage’s records noted that Suburban Mortgage personnel did not detect the cash distributions or question the necessity or the appropriateness of the payments. If Suburban Mortgage had sufficiently reviewed the independent public accountant 8 At December 31, 1999, Coventry Health Center had accounts payable of $2,872,234. At December 31, 2002, Mount Saint Francis Health Center had accounts payable of $1,673,000. 9 This requirement may be found in chapter 2 of the HUD Handbook 4350.4 Insured Multifamily Mortgagee Servicing and Field Office Remote. 10 This requirement may be found in chapter 6 of the HUD Handbook 4060.1 Mortgage Approval Handbook. 9 reports for these properties, the distributions could have been identified and reported to HUD. HUD then could have taken corrective action. Additionally, mortgagees are required to report instances of fraud11 or other abuses. Findings of fraud or other serious violations must be referred, in writing, to the director of the Quality Assurance Division. We found that, as general partner of Coventry Health Center and Mount Saint Francis Health Center, the executive vice president of Suburban Mortgage received distributions far in excess of surplus cash, which violates the regulatory agreement as well as federal regulations. As a general partner of the projects, the executive vice president signed the regulatory agreement and was aware, or should have been aware, of the regulatory requirements of the properties. Consequently, a principal of Suburban Mortgage had knowledge of a violation of federal regulations and was under an obligation to report it to HUD. We will address the specifics of violations found at Coventry Health Center and Mount Saint Francis Health Center in future reports related specifically to those properties. Suburban Mortgage’s executive vice president has a disincentive to provide HUD with accurate and complete information for HUD to take appropriate corrective action. Suburban Mortgage’s executive vice president benefited from these cash disbursements. In addition to the payments noted above, the executive vice president or his companies received: • Payment as a consultant from Suburban Mortgage to originate loans, • Partnership fees from the properties to which Suburban Mortgage provided HUD insured loans, and • Executive compensation from the properties to which Suburban Mortgage provided HUD insured loans. Also, the executive vice president, his companies, and/or one or more of his children received payments from the properties they owned or were affiliated with and to which Suburban Mortgage provided HUD-insured loans. As owner of Suburban Mortgage, the executive vice president also benefited from the profits generated by the $19 million in mortgage interest that Suburban received from these affiliated loans. Suburban Mortgage funds its loans through a series of warehouse lender lines of credit. During our audit period, the president and the executive vice president each personally guaranteed these warehouse lines of credit. Renewable annually, this line of credit began at $1.5 million in 1996 and rose to $3 million by 2003. Suburban Mortgage needs these lines of credit to have money available to loan. Therefore, given the personal guarantees 11 This requirement may be found in chapter 6 of the HUD Handbook 4060.1 Mortgage Approval Handbook. 10 of the president and executive vice president, each had the ability to significantly influence the operations of Suburban Mortgage. Failure to Notify HUD of Delinquent Mortgage and Reserves Payments Suburban Mortgage’s loan records for Hillside Health Center showed that this identity-of-interest company did not pay the mortgage principal or submit deposits for the reserve for replacement account from August 1999 until March 2003. Initially, Suburban Mortgage claimed that HUD allowed Hillside Health Center to defer the mortgage principal payments and the reserve deposits in 1999. Later, Suburban Mortgage’s management acknowledged that no request was made of HUD for the deferral of these payments. As of February 2003, the delinquent principal payments totaled $229,722, and the delinquent deposits to the reserve for replacement account totaled $597,883. Hillside Health Center informed Suburban Mortgage in August 1999 that it was unable to pay the mortgage principal or the deposits for the reserve for replacement account and requested that these payments be deferred until the final endorsement. The final endorsement never took place, and the Hillside Health Center went into receivership in March 2004. Suburban Mortgage requested assignment of the Hillside Health Center’s $12 million mortgage to HUD in June 2004. HUD denied the claim in April 2005. Suburban Mortgage’s failures to obtain HUD approval or otherwise appropriately advise HUD of the deficiency precluded HUD from taking appropriate corrective action and possibly preventing the assignment. Suburban Did Not Assure Payment of Real Estate Taxes In September 1999, Hillside Health Center notified Suburban Mortgage that it would pay all real estate taxes. While Suburban Mortgage received notices of unpaid real estate taxes for Hillside Health Center from the City of Providence for tax years 1999, 2000, and 2001, Suburban Mortgage did not take action to ensure that Hillside Health Center paid the taxes when due. After receiving the overdue notices for each year, Hillside Health Center established payment plans to pay the overdue taxes. 11 Due to the lack of timely payments, the city added $229,673 in additional interest charges as shown in the following table. Tax year Taxes assessed Taxes paid Interest charged 1999 $207,308 $239,768 $32,460 2000 $293,296 $333,048 39,752 2001 $313,194 $340,998 27,804 2002 $330,384 $460,041 129,657 Total 229,673 Upon inquiry, Suburban Mortgage advised that it did not consider these taxes overdue because of Hillside Health Center’s payment plans. Suburban Mortgage believed there was no need to notify HUD of these developments. Prudent Lending Practices To identify whether the mortgages to affiliated entities represented prudent mortgage lending practices, we contacted members of the mortgage banking industry to obtain their comments as to the propriety and appropriateness of these relationships. Without identifying the names or locations of any persons, entities, or businesses involved, we asked the representative for their comments on the relationship noted in our review. The representative commented that The situations described did not represent proper arms-length transactions and this issue should be examined further. Significant risks existed in relation to the mortgage loans identified. This was due to the lack of proper arms-length relationships, as noted. Although the situations described were not explicitly prohibited by HUD’s regulation and guidelines12, these situations were unusual and were not common or customary within the industry. The general standards applicable to the situations described were prudence and appropriateness on the part of the lender in performing its mortgage lending business practices. 12 Although HUD regulations do not prohibit identity-of-interest relationships, HUD regulations at 24 CFR 202.5(j) do require that neither the lender or mortgagee, nor any officer, partner, director, principal or employee of the lender or mortgagee shall be engaged in business practices that do not conform to generally accepted practices of prudent mortgagees or that demonstrate irresponsibility. 12 The requests for loans (and the underlying loan insurance from HUD) should have been refused at the time they were made. HUD should terminate the insurance for these loans. We also contacted the State of Maryland – the Office of the Commissioner of Financial Regulation regarding the identity-of-interest scenarios. Again, our purpose was to obtain independent comments from a state regulatory authority that oversees mortgage companies in Maryland. As in the case of the mortgage banking representative, we did not identify the names of any persons, entities, or businesses involved; however, we did indicate that we were inquiring about a mortgage company within the State of Maryland. In response to our request, the office advised None of the transactions were arms-length in nature. Subsequent transactions between the lender, owner, and affiliated companies were unusual and were not customary in the mortgage banking industry. The fact that the executive vice president of Suburban Mortgage is also involved in ownership of various entities that provided services to the nursing homes is a cause for concern. Had HUD been in possession of all the facts surrounding the executive vice president’s involvement in the nursing homes and service providers, HUD’s decision on these loans might have been different. From the statements made by the mortgage banking representative and state regulatory official, we concluded that the transactions between Suburban Mortgage, as the lender, and the owners were not arms-length in nature. In addition, the relationships among the various entities identified are not customary within the mortgage banking industry and do not represent prudent and appropriate practices. Suburban Mortgages’ Failures Lost HUD Millions Three of the six mortgages that Suburban Mortgage provided to properties owned by or affiliated to its executive vice president defaulted on their HUD-insured loans. Suburban Mortgage requested assignment of the three loans to HUD. HUD paid Suburban for two loans and denied the claim13 on the third, which effectively terminates the insurance. After 13 Suburban Mortgage has filed a suit against HUD regarding HUD’s decision to deny the $12 million insurance claim for Hillside Health Center. The outcome of this suit is unknown. 13 paying two of the claims, HUD took over the mortgage note and allowed the sale of the property. HUD incurred a combined net loss of $14,003,674 on the sale of these two mortgage notes. Original Unpaid Name Loss on sale mortgage principal Coventry Health $15,308,700 $15,120,597 $6,292,52014 Center Edmund Place Health $9,147,900 $8,935,730 $7,711,154 Center Total $24,456,600 $24,056,327 $14,003,674 Suburban Mortgage failed to act in a proper fiduciary capacity and thereby protect HUD from unacceptable risk of loan default. HUD should pursue Suburban Mortgage for the recovery of these losses. HUD is at risk of incurring additional losses from defaults on the four loans to affiliated entities . HUD could lose the outstanding balance of $26.2 million that Suburban Mortgage loaned to the identity-of-interest properties of Hillside Health Center, Hillcrest Village, and Mount Saint Francis Health Center. HUD could also lose the outstanding balance of $11.1 million that Suburban Mortgage loaned to the affiliated property of Riverview Nursing Home. To alleviate the increased risk on the remaining four loans, HUD should terminate the loan insurance on the identity-of-interest loans. HUD should also withdraw Suburban Mortgage’s approval to participate in its mortgage insurance programs to preclude any recurrence of the conditions cited in this report. Referral to the Mortgagee Review Board HUD notified Suburban Mortgage of the following violations in a letter, dated January 30, 2003: Suburban Mortgage accepted interest-only payments from the mortgagor of Hillside Health Center beginning in August 1999 and failed to inform HUD until January 2003 that the mortgage principal payments were delinquent; and The mortgagor did not make the required deposits to the reserve for replacement account beginning in August 1999, and the lender failed to notify HUD that these deposits were delinquent. 14 In a separate report, dealing exclusively with Coventry Health Center, the Office of Inspector General (OIG) will recommend that HUD pursue recovery of the loss of $6,292,520 from the former owners of Coventry Health Center. The executive vice president of Suburban Mortgage was the part of the ownership entity. 14 In addition, the local HUD office referred Suburban Mortgage on February 10, 2003, to HUD’s Mortgagee Review Board, requesting the imposition of sanctions against Suburban Mortgage as the lender for the Hillside Health Center property. The Mortgagee Review Board oversees the performance of lenders participating in Federal Housing Administration insurance programs. On February 20, 2003, Suburban Mortgage notified HUD that Hillside Health Center had entered into payment plan agreements with the City of Providence for the 2000, 2001, and 2002 real estate taxes; but the agreements did not address the taxes for 1999. In response, HUD sent a supplemental violation notice, on February 27, 2003, to Suburban Mortgage that included the failure to (1) collect real estate tax escrows for the property commencing in 1999 and (2) report these tax delinquencies to HUD in a timely manner. Conclusion Suburban Mortgage did not adequately perform as an approved lender in HUD’s multifamily mortgage insurance program by failing to carry out all of its fiduciary responsibilities. Suburban Mortgage, along with affiliated entities, provided misleading, confusing, and conflicting information to HUD for affiliated properties in which the executive vice president of Suburban Mortgage had an interest. As a result, HUD lacked a complete and thorough understanding of the identity-of-interest interrelationships between the affiliated parties and entities involved with the properties. Without proper information regarding identity-of-interest relationships and timely notification of default, HUD was prevented from taking corrective remedial actions. Suburban Mortgage’s failures caused $14 million in losses to HUD and put another $26.2 million of HUD funds at unnecessarily increased risk. HUD should take administrative sanctions against Suburban Mortgage and its principals for its failure to perform its mortgage-related fiduciary duties. 15 Recommendations We recommend that HUD’s assistant secretary for housing-federal housing commissioner 1A. Require Suburban Mortgage and the owners of the Hillside Health Center to reimburse $229,673 for the interest charges incurred from the late payment of the real estate taxes15. 1B. Terminate the insurance for the three remaining loans to identity- of-interest affiliated properties—Hillside Health Center, Hillcrest Village, and Mount Saint Francis Health Center—estimated to be $26.2 million16. We also recommend that HUD’s assistant secretary for housing-federal housing commissioner, in conjunction with the director of HUD’s Departmental Enforcement Center, 1C. Take appropriate administrative sanctions against Suburban Mortgage and its principals for its failure to perform its mortgage- affiliated fiduciary duties. 15 Suburban Mortgage has filed a suit against HUD regarding HUD’s decision to deny the insurance claim for Hillside Health Center. The outcome of this suit is unknown. If HUD prevails, HUD will not seek repayment and Recommendation 1A will be closed. 16 The claim and lawsuit for Hillside Health Center affects Recommendation 1B also. If HUD prevails, Recommendation 1B will be decreased by the $12 million associated with the Hillside Health Center claim. 16 SCOPE AND METHODOLOGY The scope of our review included selected HUD-insured loans provided by Suburban Mortgage for various HUD-insured properties in New England. At the time these loans were initiated, Suburban Mortgage processed loans using traditional application procedures, with HUD performing the underwriting function for the loans. Later, Suburban Mortgage began using multifamily accelerated processing, whereby it performed all of the loan functions including underwriting. To accomplish our audit objectives, we performed onsite work from October 2003 to April 2004. During the audit, we reviewed federal requirements including Title 24 of the Code of Federal Regulations), HUD’s handbooks and directives, and records of Suburban Mortgage, including the minutes of its board of directors’ meetings. We also searched state records of Rhode Island and Maryland to obtain background information on Suburban Mortgage and affiliated entities. We interviewed HUD multifamily housing personnel and the management and staff of Suburban Mortgage to obtain information on its internal controls, applicable to the origination and servicing functions performed for selected loans, and performed general risk assessments of these loan functions. We identified a population of 57 HUD-insured loans valued at $314 million processed by Suburban Mortgage. Of the 57 loans, we selected six loans for review. Four of these loans had identifiable identity-of-interest relationships between the mortgagors and the executive vice president of Suburban Mortgage and two loans were affiliated through business ventures with the executive vice president of Suburban Mortgage. For the six loans, we reviewed loan origination and servicing functions at HUD’s Providence field office and at Suburban Mortgage and examined affiliated records to determine whether these procedures complied with HUD’s regulations. We also obtained information from the City of Providence, Rhode Island, regarding the real estate taxes for Hillside Health Center. We determined the timing of these tax payments and the amount of interest and penalties paid by Hillside Health Center’s owners. We contacted mortgage banking industry representatives and a State of Maryland banking regulatory official to obtain relevant information regarding the identity-of-interest/conflict-of-interest issues involving Suburban Mortgage and affiliated parties/entities noted during our review. The audit covered the period from January 1, 2001 through December 31, 2003. When appropriate, the audit was extended to include other periods. We performed our review in accordance with generally accepted government auditing standards. 17 INTERNAL CONTROLS Internal control is an integral component of an organization’s management that provides reasonable assurance that the following objectives are being achieved: Effectiveness and efficiency of operations, Reliability of financial reporting, and Compliance with applicable laws and regulations. Internal controls relate to management’s plans, methods, and procedures used to meet its mission, goals, and objectives. Internal controls include the processes and procedures for planning, organizing, directing, and controlling program operations. They include the systems for measuring, reporting, and monitoring program performance. Relevant Internal Controls We determined the following internal controls were relevant to our audit objectives: Suburban Mortgage’s controls over loan origination. Suburban Mortgage’s controls over loan servicing. We assessed the relevant controls identified above. A significant weakness exists if internal controls do not provide reasonable assurance that the process for planning, organizing, directing, and controlling program operations will meet the organization’s objectives. Significant Weaknesses Based on our review, we believe the following are significant weaknesses (see finding 1): Suburban Mortgage did not have controls to prevent one of its board members from ratifying HUD-insured loans for properties in which this board member had an ownership interest. Suburban Mortgage did not have controls to ensure its board member was not paid for loan origination work on HUD-insured loans where the member received a partnership interest. 18 Suburban Mortgage did not have controls to ensure information provided to HUD regarding identity-of-interest relationships involving Suburban Mortgage and mortgagors was complete and accurate. Suburban Mortgage did not have procedures in place to ensure HUD-insured properties’ annual financial statements are adequately reviewed and irregularities are reported to HUD. Suburban Mortgage did not have controls in place to ensure HUD was notified of a mortgagors’ failure to pay mortgage principal, reserve for replacements deposits, or real estate taxes. 19 APPENDIXES Appendix A SCHEDULE OF QUESTIONED COSTS AND FUNDS TO BE PUT TO BETTER USE Recommendation Ineligible 1/ Funds to be put to better Number use 2/ 1A $229,67317 1B $26,256,580 18 Totals $229,673 $26,256,580 1/ Ineligible costs are costs charged to a HUD-financed or HUD-insured program or activity that the auditor believes are not allowable by law; contract; or federal, state, or local polices or regulations. 2/ “Funds to be put to better use” are quantifiable savings that are anticipated to occur if an Office of Inspector General (OIG) recommendation is implemented, resulting in reduced expenditures later for the activities in question. This includes costs not incurred, deobligation of funds, withdrawal of interest, reductions in outlays, avoidance of unnecessary expenditures, loans and guarantees not made, and other savings. 17 Suburban Mortgage has filed a suit against HUD regarding HUD’s decision to deny the insurance claim for Hillside Health Center. The outcome of this suit is unknown. If HUD prevails, HUD will not seek repayment and Recommendation 1A will be closed. 18 The claim and lawsuit for Hillside Health Center affects Recommendation 1B also. If HUD prevails, Recommendation 1B will be decreased by the $12 million associated with the Hillside Health Center claim. 20 Appendix B DEFINITIONS Arms-length transactions - Arms-length transactions are business dealings in which each involved party acts independently of each other involved party. In arms-length transactions, neither party is subject to the other’s influence or control. For affiliated entities and identity-of- interest entities to be considered arms-length, the entities must behave in their dealings or arrangements as if there were two unrelated parties. In addition, HUD guidance stipulates that approved lenders (and any officer, partner, director, principal, or employee thereof) shall not be engaged in business practices that do not conform to generally accepted practices of prudent lenders or that demonstrate irresponsibility. Prudent lending practices dictate that transactions be arms-length in nature. Conflict of interest – 24 CFR 202.5(l), A mortgagee may not pay anything of value, directly or indirectly, in connection with any insured mortgage transaction or transactions to any person or entity if such person or entity has received any other consideration from the mortgagor, seller, builder, or any other person for services related to such transactions or related to the purchase or sale of the mortgaged property, except that consideration approved by the secretary of HUD may be paid for services actually performed. The mortgagee shall not pay a referral fee to any person or organization. Fiduciary responsibilities - HUD Handbook 4350.4, “Insured Multifamily Mortgagee Servicing and Field Office Remote,” discusses the principles of fiduciary responsibilities . An entity acts in a “fiduciary capacity” when the business being transacted or the money/property being managed is not for the benefit of the entity but for the benefit of another person/entity. The relationship between the two parties involves great confidence, trust, and a high degree of good faith. In a fiduciary relationship, neither party may (1) exert influence or pressure upon the other, (2) take selfish advantage of this trust, or (3) deal with the subject matter of the trust in such a way as to benefit (the entity) or prejudice the other (entity) except in the exercise of the utmost good faith and with the full knowledge and consent of that other (entity). Business shrewdness, hard bargaining, and astuteness to take advantage of the forgetfulness or negligence of another are totally prohibited between parties (entities) standing in a fiduciary relationship to one another. 21 Identity-of-interest - In relation to HUD programs, an identity-of-interest relationship is defined as existing between two parties (entities) when, for the first entity, either (a) The owner entity or a general partner of the owner entity or (b) Any officer or director of the owner entity or (c) Any person who directly or indirectly controls 10 percent or more of the voting rights or owns 10 percent or more of the owner entity is also one of the following of the second entity: (a) An owner, general partner, officer, or director or (b) A person who directly or indirectly controls 10 percent or more of the voting rights or owns 10 percent or more of the owner entity. In this definition, a “person” refers to any individual, partnership, corporation, or other business entity. Any ownership, control, or interest held or possessed by a person’s spouse, child, grandchild, sibling, or other relation by blood or marriage is attributed to that person for this determination. Absolute independence in decision-making and in business practices is rarely an attainable goal; however, conflicts can often be resolved or remedied by actions such as • Adequate disclosure of conflicts, • Removal of persons with identified conflicts from decision-making and from roles of authority, and • Divestiture of ownership and affiliated interests. Mortgagee approval - HUD Directive 4060.1, “Mortgagee Approval Handbook,” requires lenders to design programs that meet the goals of (1) assuring compliance with HUD’s requirements; (2) protecting the lender and HUD from unacceptable risk; (3) guarding against errors, omissions, and fraud; and (4) assuring swift and appropriate corrective action. Mortgage payments and defaults - 24 CFR [Code of Federal Regulations] 200.84, “Mortgagor Payment Requirements,” requires that mortgage agreements provide for the owner to pay to the lender equal monthly payments to amortize all taxes (among other items). The mortgage shall further provide that such payments be held by the lender for paying the taxes before the taxes become delinquent. HUD defines a “mortgage default” as the failure of the owner to make any payment due under the mortgage or the failure to perform any other covenant under the provisions of the mortgage [24 CFR 207.255]. HUD also requires that if the mortgage default (as defined) is not cured within the 30-day grace period, the lender must notify HUD within 30 days of such default [24 CFR 207.256]. Further, HUD requires the lender to certify that it will follow HUD’s terms, conditions, and requirements associated with the HUD-insured loan [24 CFR 200.51]. Oversight of mortgagors - HUD’s regulations governing Federal Housing Administration insurance programs provide for oversight of owners by means of a regulatory agreement. The 22 regulatory agreement requires that owners be prohibited from paying out any property funds except for reasonable operating expenses and necessary property repairs. The regulatory agreement also states that property owners shall not transfer any personal property of the property without prior HUD approval. Owners’ advances - HUD Handbook 4370.2, “Financial Operations and Accounting Procedures for Insured Multifamily Properties,” states that owner advances made for reasonable and necessary operating expenses may be repaid from surplus cash at the end of the annual or semiannual period. These regulations also prohibit repayments of owner advances when a property is in a non-surplus-cash position. Payments by mortgagees - In 24 CFR [Code of Federal Regulations] 202.5, “Approval of Lending Institutions and Mortgagees,” HUD prohibits certain business practices on the part of its approved lenders. These regulations specifically prohibit payments by the lender to persons associated with and receiving compensation from the owner(s). Review by mortgagees - HUD Handbook 4350.4, “Insured Multifamily Mortgagee Servicing and Field Office Remote,” provides that lenders should always review monthly or annual revenue and expense statements from the owner and compare them with previous statements. Analysis of these statements may identify conditions leading to delinquencies that could be prevented. For delinquent mortgage loans, the lender needs to determine the causes of the delinquency, including improper financial operations, such as payments to owners, loans to owners or other properties, or excessive costs, particularly when identity-of-interest vendors are involved. Surplus cash - Surplus cash, as defined in the regulatory agreement, is the cash remaining after the payment of (1) all sums due or currently required to be paid under the terms of any HUD- insured loan, (2) all amounts required to be paid into the reserve for replacements, and (3) all obligations of the project other than the HUD-insured loans (unless deferment of this obligation has been approved by the secretary of housing and urban development) and the segregation of special funds required to be maintained by the project and tenant security deposits. 23 Appendix C Affiliated Entities As noted in our finding, the executive vice president had affiliated interests in six properties that received loans from Suburban Mortgage. Suburban Mortgage provided four HUD insured loans to identity-of-interest properties, as shown in the following chart. The Executive Vice President and Identity-of-interest HUD Insured Properties Executive Vice President Suburban Mortgage Coventry Health Hillside Hillcrest Village Mount Saint Francis Care Center Health Center Apartments Health Center General Partner General Partner General Partner General Partner Coventry Health Center - The executive vice president of Suburban Mortgage was a general partner in Coventry Health Center Associates, a limited partnership that owned the property. On February 19, 2001, the State of Rhode Island placed Coventry Health Center in receivership. Hillside Health Center - The executive vice president of Suburban Mortgage was a limited partner in Hillside Health Center Associates, a limited partnership that owned Hillside Health Center. The general partner of this partnership was Consultants, Incorporated, a real estate consulting firm in which the executive vice president has an affiliation. According to the limited partnership documents for Hillside Health Center Associates, the executive vice president’s percentage interest in the partnership profits and losses was 99 percent. The State of Rhode Island placed Hillside Health Center into receivership in March 2004. Suburban requested assignment of Hillside Health Center’s mortgage. This claim was denied by HUD in April 2005. A lawsuit has been filed by Suburban to force HUD to pay the claim. For this loan, Suburban Mortgage added a rider to the mortgagee’s certificate that stated that: (1) the executive vice president has an interest in the mortgagor (Hillside Health Center) as revealed it the agreement and certificate of limited partnership; (2) additionally, the executive vice president has an interest in the mortgagee (Suburban Mortgage); and (3) however, this transaction is an arms length transaction and neither the mortgagor nor the mortgagee has a controlling interest in the other. Hillcrest Village - The executive vice president of Suburban Mortgage was a general partner in Hillcrest Village Associates, a limited partnership that owned Hillcrest Village. Hillcrest Village’s management agent, Management Realty Services, was a consulting firm in which one of the executive vice president’s children and two business associates of the executive vice president were principals. Hillcrest Village also received rental subsidies from HUD. Mount Saint Francis Health Center - The executive vice president of Suburban Mortgage was a general partner in Mount Saint Francis Associates, a limited partnership that owned Mount Saint 24 Francis Health Center. The limited partner of Mount Saint Francis Health Center was another limited partnership whose general partner was also the president of Riverview Nursing Home, Incorporated (the limited partnership that owned Riverview Nursing Home). Suburban Mortgage provided two HUD insured loans to affiliated properties, as shown in the following chart. The Executive Vice President and other business ventures with HUD Insured Properties Executive Vice President Suburban Mortgage Edmund Place Riverview Nursing Home Health Center (afilliated through Mount (former owner) Saint Francis Health Center Edmund Place Health Care Center - The executive vice president of Suburban Mortgage did not participate in the ownership of Edmund Place at the time of HUD insurance and default. According to records obtained from the State of Rhode Island, the executive vice president was part of the partnership from 1981 to 1989. The loan received initial endorsement from HUD in December 1993. The executive vice president’s identity-of-interest management agent, Sterling Health Care Management, managed the property for the owners who defaulted. Riverview Nursing Home - The executive vice president of Suburban Mortgage did not participate in the ownership at Riverview Nursing Home. The president of Riverview Nursing Home, Incorporated (the limited partnership that owned Riverview Nursing Home), was also a general partner of the limited partnership that owned Mount Saint Francis Health Center. Other Affiliated Companies During our audit of Suburban Mortgage, we identified numerous companies that the executive vice president of Suburban Mortgage and/or one or more of his children had an ownership interest. These companies, listed below, were doing business with one or more of the affiliated properties to which Suburban Mortgage provided HUD-insured loans. Consultants, Incorporated - This company provided real estate management consulting services to the following affiliated properties: Coventry Health Center, Edmund Place Health Center, Hillside Health Center, and Riverview Nursing Home. We were unable to determine actual ownership. However, in March 2003, Consultants, Incorporated, reported to the State of Rhode Island that two of the executive vice president’s children were principals in Consultants, Incorporated. A July 2003 Dun & Bradstreet report identified Consultants, Incorporated, as a subsidiary of a consulting firm named for the executive vice president. This report also identified the executive vice president of Suburban Mortgage as the president of Consultants, Incorporated. The Dun & Bradstreet information on Consultants, Incorporated, conflicts with the information provided to HUD. The affiliated owners for three of the four properties, to 25 which Consultants, Incorporated, provided services, defaulted on their HUD-insured loans. The State of Rhode Island placed two of these properties into receivership. Consultants Inc. was also the general partner of the ownership entity of Hillside Health Center. Management Realty Services - This company managed Hillcrest Village. Management Realty Services is a consulting firm in which two of the executive vice president’s children and one of the business associates of the executive vice president are principals. My Place, Incorporated - This company provided human resource/employee benefit services to at least two affiliated properties: Coventry Health Center and Mount Saint Francis Health Center. One of the executive vice president’s children is a principal in My Place, Incorporated. Simon & Windsor Interiors, Incorporated - This company provides interior decorating services to at least two affiliated properties: Coventry Health Center and Mount Saint Francis Health Center. Two of the executive vice president’s children are principals in Simon & Windsor Interiors, Incorporated. Sterling Health Care Management - This firm is a health care management company that performed as the management agent for Coventry Health Center, Edmund Place Health Center, and Mount Saint Francis Health Center. At various points in time, the executive vice president and/or three of his children were identified as principals for Sterling Health Care Management. Affiliated Entities Provided Misleading Information to HUD The executive vice president and affiliated entities provided misleading, confusing, and conflicting information to HUD, including the following: For the Mount Saint Francis loan, the executive vice president signed a declaration that stated, “I hereby certify that there is no identity-of-interest to any of the parties involved in this proposal, i.e., contractor, architect, mortgagee.” The executive vice president signed this declaration as the general partner of the partnership owner. This statement conflicted directly with the fact that the executive vice president also co-owned Suburban Mortgage. In May 1995, Suburban Mortgage sent a letter to HUD certifying that Suburban Mortgage had no interest in the owner of Mount Saint Francis Health Center, and the owner of Mount Saint Francis Health Center had no interest in Suburban Mortgage. While technically correct, these statements were misleading since the executive vice president is the co-owner of Suburban Mortgage and the general partner of the partnership owning Mount Saint Francis Health Center and that relationship was not disclosed. Documents related to the application of the loan insurance for the Mount Saint Francis Health Center showed several instances in which both the executive vice 26 president and the president of Suburban Mortgage signed the same documents but represented different entities. In these instances, the president signed on behalf of Suburban Mortgage while the executive vice president signed as the general partner for the partnership that owned Mount Saint Francis Healh Center. Without knowing the relationship of these two individuals and their joint ownership of Suburban Mortgage, outside observers could not identify that these transactions occurred between affiliated parties. For the Hillside Health Center loan, the July 1998 mortgagee certificate contained a rider stating that the executive vice president has an interest in Hillside Health Center and an interest in Suburban Mortgage. The rider further stated that this transaction is an arms-length transaction and neither Suburban Mortgage nor Hillside Health Center has a controlling interest in the other. This statement is misleading since it does not identify that the executive vice president owns 50 percent of Suburban Mortgage and personally guarantees the $3 million warehouse line of credit that keeps Suburban in business. Interests between affiliated entities need not be controlling to demonstrate significant influence. As a main investor in the mortgagor entity, the executive vice president’s relationship with Suburban Mortgage was material and significant. Based on the servicing of the loan, as shown in this report, the lender did not treat this transaction as arms- length in nature. 27 Appendix D AUDITEE COMMENTS AND OIG’S EVALUATION Ref to OIG Evaluation Auditee Comments Comment 1 Comment 2 28 Comment 3 Comment 4 Comment 5 Comment 6 29 Comment 7 Comment 8 30 Comment 9 31 Comment 10 Comment 11 32 Comment 12 Comment 13 33 Comment 14 Comment 15 34 Comment 16 Comment 17 Comment 18 35 Comment 19 Comment 20 36 Comment 21 37 Comment 22 Comment 23 38 Comment 24 39 40 Comment 25 41 Comment 26 42 Comment 27 43 Comment 28 44 Comment 29 45 Comment 30 46 47 48 49 OIG Evaluation of Auditee Comments Comment 1 Although the mortgage banker finds these situations were not specifically prohibited, the auditee’s conclusion that that these situations provide no basis for questioning Suburban Mortgage is false. In 24 CFR 202.5 (j), Ineligibility, the regulations advise that neither the lender or mortgagee, nor any officer, partner, director, principal or employee of the lender or mortgagee shall be engaged in business practices that do not conform to generally accepted practices of prudent mortgagees or that demonstrate irresponsibility. Therefore, Suburban Mortgage is required to comply with generally accepted practices of prudent mortgagees. By originating loans that were not arms- length transactions and creating conflicts of interest, Suburban Mortgage has violated this regulation. No changes were made to the report. Comment 2 The report does not state that Suburban Mortgage should have pursued action outside of reporting the incident to HUD. We made wording changes and added HUD requirements to clarify the mortgagee’s responsibilities. Comment 3 The report does not state that identity-of-interest equates to improper cash distributions. We have adjusted the report for clarity. The requirements cited within this report trace to a federal regulation or HUD Comment 4 handbook. No changes were made to the report. As noted in footnote 12 on page 13, we do not take exception to the identity- Comment 5 of-interest relationships in the lending process where appropriately disclosed. OIG is aware of multifamily accelerated processing requirements and traditional application processing requirements and it is unclear as to what part of the report the auditee is referring. No changes were made to the report. As stated in 24 CFR 202.5, mortgagees are required to act prudently. Our Comment 6 definition of arms length transactions is derived from Code of Ethics of the National Association of Mortgage Originators, Canon of Ethics for the Mortgage Bankers Associations, and the internet publication of Dictionary.Law.Com. We did not make changes to the report to include these references. OIG began its review of Suburban Mortgage in August 2003 before Suburban Comment 7 Mortgage’s assignment of Hillside Health Center. Our report is not an attempt to justify HUD’s actions. No changes were made to the report. 50 Comment 8 Our original calculation of the number of defaults included mortgages that had been prepaid. We have adjusted the reported number of defaults. Comment 9 During the audit period of January 1, 2001, to December 31, 2003, the executive vice president held the roles described in the bullets on page 6. We have adjusted the report to show that the second management agent and two of the service companies were owned by partnerships or corporations owned, in part, by one or more of executive vice president’s children. The executive vice president owned Edmund Place from 1981 to 1989. Comment 10 Sterling Health Care Management managed Edmund Place for its subsequent owners at the time of default. Sterling Health Care Management is owned by children of the executive vice president. We have adjusted the report to reflect this relationship. Riverview Towers is affiliated with Mount Saint Francis Health Center--not an Comment 11 identity-of-interest entity with Suburban Mortgage. Riverview Towers is affiliated with the executive vice president of Suburban Mortgage because the general partner of Riverview Towers is a limited partner of the partnership that owns Mount Saint Francis Health Center. The executive vice president is the general partner of the limited partnership that owns Mount Saint Francis Health Center. We made wording changes to clarify. We have adjusted the report to reflect that Hillcrest Village is not in Comment 12 receivership. HUD approves the loan for Federal Housing Administration insurance, but the Comment 13 mortgagee must first agree to take the loan. The mortgagee also shares in the risk for each loan and the assumption of this risk requires approval by the mortgagee’s board of directors. To allow a board member to ratify a loan where he has an identity-of-interest shows these loans were not proper arm’s- length transactions. From the auditee’s comments, it appears that Suburban Mortgage did not evaluate the loans for its own risk, which shows a total lack of responsibility in the lending process. The executive vice president owned Edmund Place from 1981 to 1989, which Comment 14 is prior to the 1993 loan from Suburban Mortgage to the new owners of Edmund Place. We have adjusted the report to reflect this relationship. We have edited the report to clarify how the staed regulation specifically Comment 15 applies to the situation noted. 51 Comment 16 See Comment 10. The violation in the report is that the executive vice president cannot be paid Comment 17 on both sides of the transaction. Our report does not state only employees can originate loans. We adjusted our report to further clarify. The executive vice president signed two separate documents. On Comment 18 September 28, 1994, the executive vice president signed one document stating that each principal sponsor had no relationship with the present mortgagee. On September 28, 1994, the executive vice president signed another document certifying that there was no identity-of-interest to any of the parties identified in the proposal. Where the first certification addresses the request for the relationship with the present mortgagee, it does not explain why the second certification was submitted. No changes were made to the report While technically correct, the full relationship was not disclosed to HUD and Comment 19 was therefore misleading. No changes were made to the report. The certification that Hillside Health Center was an arms-length transaction Comment 20 was an incorrect certification. When one person has a significant interest in both parties to a transaction and the parties act differently in this transaction than they do in transactions with unrelated parties, the transaction cannot be considered arm’s length. No changes were made to the report. Comment 21 See Comment 2. Management fees were not mentioned in our report. Partners’ fees and Comment 22 executive service fees were received by the owner, who was also the executive vice president, but these fees were not necessary operating expenses and the mortgagee should have sufficient knowledge of real estate to know this. Therefore, the use of project funds for unearned fees should have been reported to HUD. We have edited the report for clarification. Current distributions from companies owned by the executive vice president Comment 23 would be lost by reporting his improper distributions or failure to make mortgage payments. This creates a disincentive for the executive vice president (who was the one with the knowledge) that would not be present under normal circumstances. He would have also been susceptible to administrative sanctions. No changes were made to the report. Comment 24 The report states that the executive vice president benefits from the profits generated on $19 million in interest. The report did not state that Suburban Mortgage made a profit of $19 million. No changes were made to the report. 52 Comment 25 General industry practice requires all estimated tax and insurance payments due up until the amortization of the escrow (end of construction) be covered by loan proceeds. This gives the mortgage company control over ensuring payments are made. Therefore, when the amortization period was postponed and the loan proceeds were no longer covering the payments, the source of those payments were no longer known or controlled by Suburban Mortgage. Mortgage companies maintain control of tax and insurance payments to protect their risk from tax liens and damage to the premises not covered by insurance. Since HUD insured the loan, the risk of loss was almost completely carried by HUD and it was the mortgagee’s responsibility to protect HUD’s interest. By not creating an escrow when the construction period was complete, HUD’s investment was at risk. No changes were made to the report. Comment 26 See Comment 1. We clarified the report to reflect that certain loans were not identity-of-interest Comment 27 loans and adjusted the recommendations. Comment 28 As discussed in this report, Suburban Mortgage has misrepresented its relationships with these properties. Based on its inappropriate actions, the remaining identity-of-interest loans put HUD at an unacceptable risk. Comment 29 The identity-of-interest relationships addressed in our report are between Suburban Mortgage and the identity-of-interest properties. These relationships were not clearly disclosed to HUD. No change to the report is needed. Comment 30 Suburban Mortgage has sued HUD over HUD’s decision to not pay the claim at Hillside Health Center. At the time of report issuance, the outcome of this litigation is unknown. We have adjusted the report to acknowledge the litigation. 53
Suburban Mortgage Associates, Inc., Bethesda, MD, Cost HUD $14 Million an Additional $26.2 Million at Risk
Published by the Department of Housing and Urban Development, Office of Inspector General on 2005-09-30.
Below is a raw (and likely hideous) rendition of the original report. (PDF)