oversight

The Cooperative and Management Agent Lacked Adequate Controls Over the Operation of Carmen-Marine Apartments, Chicago, IL

Published by the Department of Housing and Urban Development, Office of Inspector General on 2015-09-30.

Below is a raw (and likely hideous) rendition of the original report. (PDF)

            Carmen-Marine Apartments,
                   Chicago, IL
                 Resident Homeownership Program




Office of Audit, Region 5          Audit Report Number: 2015-CH-1010
Chicago, IL                                        September 30, 2015
                               2
To:            Daniel J. Burke, Director of Multifamily Midwest Region, 5AHMLA


               //signed//
From:          Kelly Anderson, Regional Inspector General for Audit, 5AGA
Subject:       The Cooperative and Management Agent Lacked Adequate Controls Over the
               Operation of Carmen-Marine Apartments, Chicago, IL




Attached is the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), Office of Inspector
General’s (OIG) final results of our review of HUD’s Resident Homeownership Program grant
for Carmen-Marine Apartments.
HUD Handbook 2000.06, REV-4, sets specific timeframes for management decisions on
recommended corrective actions. For each recommendation without a management decision,
please respond and provide status reports in accordance with the HUD Handbook. Please furnish
us copies of any correspondence or directives issued because of the audit.
The Inspector General Act, Title 5 United States Code, section 8M, requires that OIG post its
publicly available reports on the OIG Web site. Accordingly, this report will be posted at
http://www.hudoig.gov.
If you have any questions or comments about this report, please do not hesitate to call me at
312-353-7832.
                    Audit Report Number: 2015-CH-1010
                    Date: September 30, 2015

                    The Cooperative and Management Agent Lacked Adequate Procedures and
                    Controls Over the Operation of Carmen-Marine Apartments, Chicago, IL




Highlights

What We Audited and Why
We audited the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development’s (HUD) Resident
Homeownership Program grant for Carmen-Marine Apartments (project). The audit was part of
the activities in our fiscal year 2015 annual audit plan. We selected the project based on a
request from HUD’s Chicago Multifamily Housing Hub. Our objective was to determine
whether the Carmen-Marine Cooperative and management agent operated the project in
accordance with HUD’s requirements and the grant agreement.

What We Found
The Cooperative and management agent did not ensure that (1) the Cooperative always
maintained a proper waiting list for rental units and appropriately selected households for initial
membership sales, (2) sufficient documentation was maintained to support that the Cooperative’s
payments to HUD for initial membership sales were accurate, (3) sufficient documentation was
maintained to support whether the City of Chicago should have received proceeds from
subsequent membership sales, (4) housing was affordable for all members, (5) members
maintained their units as their principal residence, (6) the Cooperative could support that it
notified the Chicago Housing Authority that it received excessive Section 8 Housing Choice
Voucher program housing assistance payments for units, and (7) the Cooperative submitted
required reports to HUD. As a result, HUD and the Cooperative lacked assurance that the
project was operated in accordance with HUD’s requirements and the grant agreement, and the
Cooperative is at risk of having to reimburse HUD nearly $22.7 million in Program funds.

What We Recommend
We recommend that the Director of HUD’s Multifamily Midwest Region (1) require the
Cooperative to resolve the issues and implement adequate procedures and controls to address the
weaknesses cited in this audit report and (2) make a preliminary determination as to whether the
Cooperative is in default of the grant agreement.
Table of Contents
Background and Objective......................................................................................3

Results of Audit ........................................................................................................5
         Finding: The Cooperative and Management Agent Did Not Operate the Project In
                  Accordance With HUD’s Requirements ........................................................ 5

Scope and Methodology .........................................................................................11

Internal Controls ....................................................................................................13

Appendixes ..............................................................................................................14
         A. Schedule of Questioned Costs and Funds To Be Put to Better Use ...................... 14

         B. Auditee Comments and OIG’s Evaluation ............................................................. 15

         C. Applicable Requirements ......................................................................................... 25

         D. Schedule of Deficiencies ............................................................................................ 29




                                                                2
Background and Objective
During the 1960s and 1970s, the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)
worked with owners to finance thousands of housing projects under its Federal Housing
Administration (FHA) mortgage insurance programs, including section 221(d)(3) of the National
Housing Act. HUD insured loans for the projects under section 221(d)(3) for up to 40 years.
However, it allowed owners to prepay the FHA-insured mortgage after 20 years and convert the
projects to market-rate housing, providing a powerful incentive for owners to prepay the FHA-
insured mortgage, particularly if the property had appreciated in value. This early prepayment
option resulted in the loss of several hundred thousand affordable housing units. To prevent
further loss of affordable housing units, Congress enacted the Low Income Housing Preservation
and Resident Homeownership Act in 1990. The Act imposed a general prepayment limitation of
federally insured mortgages and offered owners fair-market-value incentives to (1) extend low-
income affordability standards for the remaining useful life of the projects or (2) transfer the
projects to nonprofit organizations, tenant associations, or community-based organizations that
would keep the housing units affordable for the remaining useful life of the projects. The
incentives were available until 1996, when Congress restored the owners’ right to prepay
federally insured mortgages and removed all preservation funding under the Act.
In November 1966, HUD insured Carmen-Marine Apartments’ (project) mortgage under section
221(d)(3) of the National Housing Act to provide rental housing for moderate-income households.
The Carmen-Marine Tenants’ Association, an Illinois nonprofit corporation, was organized in 1990
to ensure that the project remained as quality, affordable housing for low- and moderate-income
households. The Association submitted a resident home-ownership plan to HUD in June 1993 to
prevent the owner of the project from prepaying the HUD-insured mortgage and converting the
building to market-rate use. In January 1994, HUD awarded the Association a grant of more than
$23.1 million under the Resident Homeownership Program under the Low Income Housing
Preservation and Resident Homeownership Act. The Association was required to use the grant
funds to acquire and rehabilitate the building and transfer ownership of the building to the Carmen-
Marine Cooperative, which would then sell memberships in the Cooperative to tenants in occupied
units.1 The Association transferred ownership of the project to the Cooperative in December 1996.
The project is a 300-unit multifamily cooperative project located in Chicago, IL. As of May 1,
2015, there were 292 units at the project that were to be occupied by Cooperative members and 8
rental units. HUD disbursed the more than $23.1 million from January 1994 through March 1998.




1
  Tenants were not required to purchase memberships in the Cooperative. If the tenants did not become members,
they could remain in their unit and were eligible to receive Section 8 Housing Choice Voucher program housing
assistance from the Chicago Housing Authority.



                                                        3
Cagan Management Group, Inc., has been the management agent for the project since September
2006. The records are at the project located at 5030 North Marine Drive, Chicago, IL and at
Cagan’s office located at 3856 Oakton Street, Skokie, IL.
The Cooperative was required to return to HUD 50 percent of the proceeds from initial membership
sales.2 As of August 2015, the Cooperative had returned $437,833 in proceeds to HUD. Further,
initial members were required to enter into a 20-year nonrecourse promissory note payable to HUD
for the difference between the fair market value of the unit and the purchase price of the
membership. Upon the sale of a household’s initial membership in the Cooperative, the promissory
note became due.3 If a subsequent member purchased the membership during the 20-year note
period for less than the current fair market value of the unit, that member was required to enter into
a nonrecourse promissory note payable to HUD for the amount of the discount for the period
remaining on the initial promissory note. Further, members were required to maintain their units at
the project as their principal residence for as long as they owned a membership in the Cooperative.
In addition, the Cooperative was required to ensure that members did not pay more than 35 percent
of their adjusted gross monthly income toward membership fees. Some verylow-income
households would be eligible to receive a subsidy from the Cooperative to ensure that members did
not pay more than 35 percent of their monthly adjusted gross income toward membership fees.
Our objective was to determine whether the Cooperative and management agent operated the
project in accordance with HUD’s requirements and the grant agreement. Specifically, we
wanted to determine whether (1) initial memberships in the Cooperative were sold in accordance
with the grant agreement, (2) HUD received its full share of proceeds from initial membership
sales, (3) the City of Chicago received its full share of the proceeds from subsequent membership
sales, (4) membership fees did not exceed 35 percent of the members’ monthly adjusted gross
income, (5) members maintained their units as their principal residence, (6) the Cooperative
received excessive housing assistance payments for units, and (7) the Cooperative submitted
reports to HUD to demonstrate continued compliance with the Program.




2
  The Cooperative required a downpayment equal to the lesser of 2 months of the membership fees for the purchase
of a membership to the Cooperative or 10 percent of the members’ annual adjusted gross income. Members
generally entered into a 40-year note payable to the Cooperative for the remaining balance due for the membership.
The Cooperative was required to return to HUD 50 percent of the downpayments and principal portion of the note
payments it received.
3
  The amount due was payable to the City of Chicago’s HOME investment trust fund from the sales proceeds after
deducting (1) amounts due for the purchase of the membership, (2) other amounts due in connection with the sale of
the membership, and (3) the household’s equity in the membership at the time of sale. Further, 6 years after the
members entered into the notes with HUD, the amounts payable on the notes were reduced by 1/168th each month
until the 20th year, when the notes are to be forgiven.



                                                         4
Results of Audit

Finding: The Cooperative and Management Agent Did Not Operate
the Project in Accordance With HUD’s Requirements
The Cooperative and management agent did not ensure that (1) the Cooperative always
maintained a proper waiting list for rental units and appropriately selected households for initial
membership sales, (2) sufficient documentation was maintained to support that the Cooperative’s
payments to HUD for initial membership sales were accurate, (3) sufficient documentation was
maintained to support whether the City of Chicago should have received proceeds from
subsequent membership sales, (4) housing was affordable for all members, (5) members
maintained their units as their principal residence, (6) the Cooperative could support that it
notified the Chicago Housing Authority that it received excessive Section 8 Housing Choice
Voucher program housing assistance payments for units, and (7) the Cooperative submitted
required reports to HUD. These weaknesses occurred because the Cooperative and management
agent lacked adequate procedures and controls to ensure that the project was operated in
accordance with HUD’s requirements and the grant agreement.4 As a result, HUD and the
Cooperative lacked assurance that the project was operated in accordance with HUD’s
requirements and the grant agreement and the Cooperative is at risk of having to reimburse HUD
nearly $22.7 million in Program funds.
Initial Membership Sales Not Administered in Accordance With the Grant Agreement
We reviewed the initial membership sales associated with eight units to determine whether initial
memberships to the Cooperative were sold in accordance with the grant agreement. Contrary to
the grant agreement, the Cooperative sold an initial membership for a unit after it was vacated by
a rental household to a member of the Cooperative who was not selected from the required
waiting list for rental units. Although the member moved from a one-bedroom unit to another
one-bedroom unit, the vacated rental unit was larger than the member’s old unit, and the member
paid monthly membership fees associated with the old unit ($309) rather than the new unit
($323). The Cooperative and management agent also could not provide sufficient documentation
to support that a household was appropriately
selected from the waiting list for the initial sale
of another unit after it was vacated by a rental    The Cooperative did not maintain an
household. Further, as of May 2015, the             appropriate waiting list for rental
Cooperative did not maintain a waiting list for     units.
rental units that met the requirements of the
resident home-ownership plan.




4
    See appendix C of this audit report.



                                                 5
The president of the Cooperative’s board of directors said that the Cooperative did not consider
the size or condition of the units when it allowed the member to move into the vacated rental
unit. Further, the former management agent for the project did not maintain documentation to
support the individuals on the waiting list that the current management agent inherited. In
addition, the Cooperative had not had a waiting list for rental units for the past 2 years since
there were no vacant rental units at the project.
Lack of Sufficient Documentation To Support Payments to HUD From Initial Sales
We reviewed the Cooperative’s fiscal years 2009 through 2013 payments to HUD to determine
whether HUD received 50 percent of the proceeds from initial membership sales. The
Cooperative and management agent could not provide sufficient documentation to support that
the Cooperative made payments to HUD from the initial membership sales in accordance with
HUD’s regulations at 24 CFR (Code of Federal Regulations) 248.173(h) and article IV(l) of the
grant agreement. The president of the board said that the former management agent for the
Cooperative did not maintain adequate records of initial sales and the Cooperative did not always
maintain records for initial members after they sold their memberships to subsequent members.
In addition, the property manager for the Cooperative’s management agent stated that the
Cooperative did not have access to general ledgers, bank statements, canceled checks, or rent
rolls before September 2006.
Since the Cooperative did not always maintain records for the initial members, we were unable
to verify when the initial members became members of the Cooperative and whether the
payments to HUD were accurate. Further, the Cooperative’s annual calculation of funds due to
HUD was based at least partially on estimates rather than actual amounts collected, and the
Cooperative did not remit $323 to HUD for 50 percent of the down-payment received for one
unit. In addition, the Cooperative did not obtain a signature from a representative of HUD on the
members’ HUD notes.
Lack of Sufficient Documentation To Support Whether Funds Were Due to the City
We reviewed the subsequent membership sales associated with 13 units to determine whether the
City received its full share of the proceeds from the sales. The Cooperative and management
agent could not provide sufficient documentation to support whether net proceeds should have
been paid to the City’s HOME investment trust fund in accordance with regulations at 24 CFR
248.173(l) and article IV(p) of the grant agreement from the subsequent membership sales of all
13 units reviewed.5 The Cooperative and management agent could not provide sufficient
documentation to support the initial members’ equity in their memberships and the amount
subsequent members paid for their memberships. The Cooperative and management agent also
could not provide executed closing statements or membership price calculation charts for 4 sales
and copies of the purchasers’ checks for 12 sales. The administrative assistant for the
Cooperative’s management agent said that she did not make copies of the purchasers’ checks.




5
 Two of the memberships for the 13 units were sold twice to subsequent members. Therefore, there were 15
subsequent membership sales associated with the 13 units.



                                                       6
No Assurance That Housing Was Affordable for All Members
Contrary to paragraph 12 of HUD’s use agreement with the Association, the Cooperative and
management agent did not ensure that membership fees did not exceed 35 percent of the
members’ monthly adjusted gross income other than upon membership sales. Further, contrary
to the resident home-ownership plan, the Cooperative did not grant membership to applicants if
total monthly membership fees would exceed 35 percent of the households’ monthly adjusted
gross income. The Cooperative was to provide certain very low-income households a home-
ownership fee subsidy to make up the difference between 35 percent of a very low-income
household’s monthly adjusted gross income and the regular monthly housing expense.6
In addition, since the Cooperative and management agent had not determined the members’
household income after initial membership sales, the Cooperative would not be able to support
that it sold initial memberships to the same proportion of very low-, low-, and moderate-income
households as indicated in the resident income profile in paragraph 4.a. and required by
paragraph 10.b. of the use agreement.
The treasurer of the board said that she was not
aware that the resident home-ownership plan
for the project stated that some very low-          Membership fees may have exceeded
income members would be eligible to receive a       35 percent of households’ income.
home-ownership fee subsidy from the
Cooperative to prevent members from paying more than 35 percent of their monthly adjusted
gross income for membership fees. The president of the board said that the Cooperative did not
verify the members’ income since it entered into a voluntary compliance agreement with HUD in
January 2007, which stated that the members’ income should not be verified. The agreement
required the Cooperative to recertify the members’ income. However, the agreement stated that
all information reported by the members should be provided voluntary and should not be
verified. The agreement expired in January 2009. To ensure that the members do not pay more
than 35 percent of their households’ adjusted gross monthly income for membership fees and the
Cooperative sells initial memberships to the appropriate proportion of very low-, low-, and
moderate-income households, the Cooperative needs to verify the members’ household income.
Members Not Living in Their Units at the Project
We reviewed the principal residency of 73 members associated with 36 units to determine
whether the members maintained their units as their principal residence. The Cooperative and
management agent did not ensure that members maintained their units at the project as their
principal residence in accordance with regulations at 24 CFR 248.173(g)(4) and paragraph 7(a)
of the Cooperative’s occupancy agreement with members. We identified the following:




6
 Households eligible to receive the subsidy must meet annual, base-adjusted gross income criteria ranging from
$7,302 to $10,085, depending on the size of the unit.



                                                         7
        Six members did not maintain their units as their principal residence,7

        Six members were deceased, and

        One member held membership certficates and executed occupancy agreements for two
         separate units.
In addition, the Cooperative did not execute membership certificates, occupancy agreements,
Cooperative notes, and HUD notes associated with two units.8
The treasurer of the board said that it was her understanding that a member could move out of a
unit and remain a member as long as one of the other members associated with the same unit
maintained the unit as a principal residence. However, after reviewing paragraph 7(a) of the
occupancy agreement, she agreed that all members must maintain their units as their principal
residence.
Lack of Documentation To Support Authority Was Notified To Stop Section 8 Payments
We reviewed the Section 8 Housing Choice Voucher program housing assistance payments
associated with 17 units to determine whether the Cooperative received payments from the
Chicago Housing Authority for rental units when members were paying membership fees for the
units or after individuals had passed away. Contrary to regulations at 24 CFR 982.311(a), the
grant agreement, and paragraph 8 of the housing assistance payments contracts, the Cooperative
lacked documentation for seven rental units to support that it informed the Authority in a timely
manner that payments should have been stopped. The Cooperative received more than $34,000
in additional payments from the Authority for the seven rental units. The payments included the
following:

        Nearly $21,000 over 38 months when an individual, other than the household member
         for whom the Cooperative received housing assistance payments, had become a member
         of the Cooperative and was paying membership fees for the unit;

        Nearly $12,000 for four units after the households became members and were paying
         membership fees for the units; and

        More than $2,000 for two units after the individuals passed away.
Although the administrative assistant stated that it was not the Cooperative’s responsibility to
contact the Authority to stop the housing assistance payments, she said that one of the
management agent’s staff members verbally informed the Authority of the situations. For a unit
in which the individual passed away in December 2007, the property manager informed staff of



7
  One of the six members notified the Cooperative that she had moved out, but the Cooperative did not remove the
member from the membership certificate.
8
  As a result of our audit, the Cooperative executed a membership certificate, an occupancy agreement, a
Cooperative note, and a HUD note associated with one of the units and executed a membership certificate for the
other unit.



                                                        8
the management agent in January 2008 that the unit should be empty by the end of the month,
they could stop payments from the Authority by February or March 2008, and they should notify
the Authority after the Cooperative received the next payment. The Cooperative received
payments for the unit through April 2008.
The property manager of the Cooperative’s management agent said the Authority recaptured
overpayments by withholding payments for other households in the project that received housing
assistance. The Authority provided a schedule to show that it recaptured nearly $15,000 of the
overpayments associated with four of the seven units.9 However, the Cooperative could not
provide sufficient documentation to support that it reimbursed the Authority $19,866 of the
overpayments it received for five units.
Reports Not Submitted to HUD
Contrary to article VIII(d) of the grant agreement, the Cooperative did not submit reports to
HUD to demonstrate continued compliance with the Program. The reports included but were not
limited to (1) semiannual reports on vacancies, (2) semiannual reports of nonpurchasing tenants,
(3) monthly reports on the status of resales, (4) monthly reports on the status of sales activity,
and (5) reports on changes in closing costs to the initial members. The president of the
Cooperative’s board of directors said that the Cooperative may have submitted reports to HUD
after the grant was awarded but stopped submitting the reports when the original management
agent for the project was replaced.
Conclusion
The weaknesses described above occurred because the Cooperative and management agent
lacked adequate procedures and controls to ensure that the project was operated in accordance
with HUD’s requirements and the grant agreement. As a result, HUD and the Cooperative
lacked assurance that the project was operated in accordance with HUD’s requirements and the
grant agreement, and the Cooperative is at risk of having to reimburse HUD nearly $22.7 million
in Program funds as allowed by the grant agreement. In addition, the Director of HUD’s
Multifamily Midwest Region stated that based on the results of our review, he believed that the
Cooperative was in default of its grant and use agreements with HUD.
Recommendations
We recommend that the Director of HUD’s Multifamily Midwest Region require the
Cooperative to

        1A.      Develop and maintain a waiting list for rental units that meets the requirements of
                 the resident home-ownership plan.
        1B.      Provide sufficient documentation to support that HUD had received 50 percent of
                 the proceeds from initial membership sales as of June 2015. If the Cooperative
                 cannot do this, it should pay HUD half of the principal on the Cooperative notes



9
 The Authority recaptured all of the overpayments for two units and recaptured only part of the overpayments for
another two units. Therefore, the Authority did not recapture overpayments associated with five (7 – 2) units.



                                                         9
      for all memberships less the amount the Cooperative paid HUD for initial
      membership sales.
1C.   Have a representative of HUD at the closing for membership sales to sign the
      HUD note and include as part of the closing a certification in which the
      Cooperative and seller certify that they did not receive and the buyer certifies that
      it did not pay more for the membership than is listed on the membership price
      calculation chart.
1D.   Verify the current household income for all members to determine whether the
      members are paying more than 35 percent of their households’ adjusted gross
      monthly income for membership fees. For any members that are paying more
      than 35 percent of their households’ adjusted gross monthly income for
      membership fees, it should determine the amount the household overpaid and
      reimburse the household that amount.
1E.   Remove individuals, who did not maintain their units at the project as their
      principal residence or are deceased, from the membership certificates, occupancy
      agreements, Cooperative notes, and HUD notes.
1F.   Execute an occupancy agreement, Cooperative note, and HUD note associated
      with the remaining unit.
1G.   Support or reimburse the Chicago Housing Authority from non-Federal funds for
      the $19,866 in excessive Section 8 Housing Choice Voucher program housing
      assistance payments that it received for five rental units.
1H.   Implement adequate procedures and controls to address the weaknesses cited in
      this audit report to prevent the Cooperative from the possible repayment of the
      remaining $22,666,717 in Program funds, which HUD disbursed for the project
      ($23,104,550 in Program funds disbursed for the project – $437,833 in proceeds
      from initial membership sales the Cooperative returned to HUD).
We also recommend that the Director of HUD’s Multifamily Midwest Region
1I.   Make a preliminary determination as to whether the Cooperative is in default of
      the grant agreement. If it is preliminarily determined that the Cooperative is in
      default, provide the Cooperative notice of the determination and propose
      corrective or remedial actions to address the default.




                                        10
Scope and Methodology
We performed our onsite audit work from November 2014 through July 2015 at the project
located at 5030 North Marine Drive, Chicago, IL. The audit covered the period January 1994
through October 2014 and was expanded as necessary.
To accomplish our objective, we reviewed

        Applicable laws, regulations at 24 CFR Parts 248 and 982, and HUD’s files for the
         project and grant and use agreements with the Association.

        The project’s audited financial statements from 1998 through 2014, financial records,
         resident home-ownership plan, management agent agreement, and unit files.

        Cagan Management Group, Inc.’s policies and procedures and organizational chart.

        Data in HUD’s Public and Indian Housing Information Center, Enterprise Income
         Verification System, and Single Family Insurance System.
In addition, we interviewed members of the Cooperative, employees of Cagan Management
Group, Inc., and HUD staff.
As of September 2006, there were 284 units at the project that were to be occupied by
Cooperative members and 17 units for which the Cooperative received housing assistance
payments from the Chicago Housing Authority.10 From September 2006 through October 2014,
the Cooperative sold initial memberships for 8 of the 17 Section 8-assisted units. Therefore, as
of October 2014, there were 292 (284 + 8) units that were to be occupied by Cooperative
members and 8 rental units.
We initially selected 20 of the 292 member units for review. We selected nonstatistical samples
of 15 units that we determined to be of high risk for (1) initial memberships to the Cooperative
not being sold in accordance with the grant agreement (5 units) and (2) members not maintaining
their units as their primary residence (10 units). We also selected a nonstatistical representative
sample of 5 units for which we believed the initial members sold their membership to determine
whether the City received its full share of the proceeds from subsequent membership sales.
During the review of the initial membership sales, we found that the Cooperative inappropriately
received housing assistance payments from the Chicago Housing Authority. During the review
of primary residency, it appeared that two members associated with two units were deceased.
We also found that the Cooperative and management agent did not ensure that membership fees



10
 The Cooperative received Section 8 housing assistance for one unit that was required to be occupied by
Cooperative members. Therefore, there were 284 units at the project that were to be occupied by Cooperative
members and 16 rental units as of September 2006.



                                                        11
did not exceed 35 percent of the members’ monthly adjusted gross income other than upon
membership sales. Therefore, we selected (1) a nonstatistical sample of 12 additional units that
we determined to be of high risk for members who were deceased or did not maintain their units
as their primary residence and (2) the remaining 12 units for which the Cooperative received
housing assistance payments from the Authority. We then reviewed all 44 (20 + 12 + 12) units
to determine whether (1) initial memberships to the Cooperative were sold in accordance with
the grant agreement (8 units), (2) the City received its full share of the proceeds from subsequent
membership sales (13 units), (3) the Cooperative and management agent ensured that
membership fees did not exceed 35 percent of the members’ monthly adjusted gross income
other than upon membership sales (36 units), (4) the members maintained their units as their
principal residence, and (5) the Cooperative received housing assistance payments from the
Authority for rental units when members were paying membership fees for the units or after
individuals had passed away (17 units) as applicable.11 We used nonstatistical samples since we
knew enough about the population to identify a relatively small number of items of interest that
were likely to be misstated or otherwise have high risk and we were not projecting the results to
the population that we did not review.
We also selected the Cooperative’s fiscal years 2009 through 2013 payments to HUD to
determine whether HUD received its full share of proceeds from initial membership sales.
We conducted the audit in accordance with generally accepted government auditing standards.
Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain sufficient, appropriate
evidence to provide a reasonable basis for our findings and conclusions based on our audit
objective(s). We believe that the evidence obtained provides a reasonable basis for our findings
and conclusions based on our audit objective.




11
  Although we selected 44 units for review, not all of the reviews applied to the 44 units. For example, members
sold their membership interest associated with only 13 units.



                                                         12
Internal Controls
Internal control is a process adopted by those charged with governance and management,
designed to provide reasonable assurance about the achievement of the organization’s mission,
goals, and objectives with regard to

   Effectiveness and efficiency of operations,
   Reliability of financial reporting, and
   Compliance with applicable laws and regulations.
Internal controls comprise the plans, policies, methods, and procedures used to meet the
organization’s mission, goals, and objectives. Internal controls include the processes and
procedures for planning, organizing, directing, and controlling program operations as well as the
systems for measuring, reporting, and monitoring program performance.
Relevant Internal Controls
We determined that the following internal controls were relevant to our audit objective:

   Effectiveness and efficiency of operations – Policies and procedures that management has
    implemented to reasonably ensure that a program meets its objectives.
   Reliability of financial reporting – Policies and procedures that management has
    implemented to reasonably ensure that valid and reliable data are obtained, maintained, and
    fairly disclosed in reports.
   Compliance with applicable laws and regulations – Policies and procedures that management
    has implemented to reasonably ensure that resource use is consistent with laws and
    regulations.
We assessed the relevant controls identified above.
A deficiency in internal control exists when the design or operation of a control does not allow
management or employees, in the normal course of performing their assigned functions, the
reasonable opportunity to prevent, detect, or correct (1) impairments to effectiveness or
efficiency of operations, (2) misstatements in financial or performance information, or (3)
violations of laws and regulations on a timely basis.
Significant Deficiency
Based on our review, we believe that the following item is a significant deficiency:

   The Coopertaive and management agent lacked adequate procedures and controls to ensure
    that the project was operated in accordance with HUD’s requirements and the grant
    agreement (see finding).




                                                  13
Appendixes

Appendix A
           Schedule of Questioned Costs and Funds To Be Put to Better Use
                Recommendation Unsupported Funds to be put
                     number               1/        to better use 2/
                         1G                    $19,866
                         1H                                   $22,666,717

                        Totals                 $19,866        $22,666,717



1/   Unsupported costs are those costs charged to a HUD-financed or HUD-insured program
     or activity when we cannot determine eligibility at the time of the audit. Unsupported
     costs require a decision by HUD program officials. This decision, in addition to
     obtaining supporting documentation, might involve a legal interpretation or clarification
     of departmental policies and procedures.
2/   Recommendations that funds be put to better use are estimates of amounts that could be
     used more efficiently if an Office of Inspector General (OIG) recommendation is
     implemented. These amounts include reductions in outlays, deobligation of funds,
     withdrawal of interest, costs not incurred by implementing recommended improvements,
     avoidance of unnecessary expenditures noted in preaward reviews, and any other savings
     that are specifically identified. In this instance, implementation of our recommendations
     will ensure that the Cooperative does not have to repay the remaining nearly $22.7
     million in Program funds HUD disbursed for the project.




                                              14
Appendix B
                 Auditee Comments and OIG’s Evaluation



Ref to OIG        Auditee Comments
Evaluation




Comment 1




Comment 2

Comment 3
Comment 4
Comments 3, 5,
 and 6


Comment 7
Comment 8




                                   15
Ref to OIG    Auditee Comments
Evaluation




Comment 9

Comment 10

Comment 11
Comment 11




Comment 12

Comment 13
Comment 6


Comment 14
Comments 6,
 14, and 15


Comment 16




                             16
Ref to OIG   Auditee Comments
Evaluation




Comment 16




Comments 3
 and 5




Comment 17




Comment 18




Comment 11



Comment 19




                            17
Ref to OIG    Auditee Comments
Evaluation




Comment 20


Comments 14
 and 15




Comment 21




                             18
                         OIG Evaluation of Auditee Comments


Comment 1   The Cooperative stated that it believes that it has at all times operated the project
            consistent in all material respects with provisions of the (1) Low-Income Housing
            Preservation and Resident Homeownership Act of 1990, (2) regulations at 24
            CFR 248.173, (3) the resident home-ownership plan for the project, (4) HUD’s
            grant agreement with the Association, and (5) HUD’s use agreement with the
            Association.
            As discussed in the report, the Cooperative and management agent did not ensure
            that (1) the Cooperative always maintained a proper waiting list for rental units
            and appropriately selected households for initial membership sales, (2) sufficient
            documentation was maintained to that support the Cooperative’s payments to
            HUD for initial membership sales were accurate, (3) sufficient documentation
            was maintained to support whether the City of Chicago should have received
            proceeds from subsequent membership sales, (4) housing was affordable for all
            members, (5) members maintained their units as their principal residence, (6) the
            Cooperative could support that it notified the Chicago Housing Authority that it
            received excessive Section 8 Housing Choice Voucher program housing
            assistance payments for units, and (7) the Cooperative submitted required reports
            to HUD. These weaknesses occurred because the Cooperative and management
            agent lacked adequate procedures and controls to ensure that the project was
            operated in accordance with HUD’s requirements and the grant agreement. In
            addition, the Director of HUD’s Multifamily Midwest Region stated that based on
            the results of our review, he believed that the Cooperative was in default of its
            grant and use agreements with HUD.
Comment 2   The Cooperative disagrees that it sold a membership unit to a household that was
            not selected from the required waiting list. However, contrary to the grant
            agreement, the Cooperative sold an initial membership for a unit after it was
            vacated by a rental household to a member of the Cooperative who was not
            selected from the required waiting list for rental units. Although the member
            moved from a one-bedroom unit to another one-bedroom unit, the vacated rental
            unit was larger than the member’s old unit, and the member paid monthly
            membership fees associated with the old unit ($309) rather than the new unit
            ($323).
Comment 3   The Cooperative stated that historically it had sold vacated rental units based on
            an internal waiting list that was created to relieve overcrowding. However, the
            resident home-ownership plan states that any rental units vacated by current
            households, either during the conversion period or after the conversion to home
            ownership, must be marketed and households must be selected in accordance with
            the affirmative fair housing marketing and tenant selection plan in tab 15 of the
            resident home-ownership plan. The marketing and tenant selection plan in tab 15
            states that the Association will market units using a waiting list and lease units to



                                              19
            very low-, low-, and moderate-income households as defined in the resident
            home-ownership plan. To market units, the Cooperative would advertise in at
            least three local newspapers and post notices regarding unit availability in
            prominent places in the community.
Comment 4   The Cooperative stated that HUD supervised the creation of a lottery-based
            waiting list. The Cooperative and its former management agent did not provide
            documentation to support the individuals that were on this lottery-based waiting
            list. The president of the Cooperative’s board of directors said that the lottery-
            based waiting list had been exhausted and that the Cooperative had not had a
            waiting list for rental units for the past 2 years since there were no vacant rental
            units at the project.
Comment 5   The Cooperative stated that the current waiting lists for one-, two-, and three-
            bedroom units are included in its response as attachment A. However, the current
            waiting lists for one-, two-, and three-bedroom units are internal waiting lists.
Comment 6   We did not include in appendix B the attachments that the Cooperative provided
            since the attachments were not necessary to understand the Cooperative’s
            comments. We provided the Director of HUD’s Multifamily Midwest Region
            with a complete copy of the Cooperative’s written comments plus the
            attachments.
Comment 7   The Cooperative stated that HUD had not required or requested documentation to
            support the amount of proceeds due to HUD from initial membership sales.
            Regulations at 24 CFR 248.173(h) state that the entity that transfers ownership
            interests in or shares representing units to eligible households must return 50
            percent of the proceeds from the initial sale to HUD for use under 24 CFR
            248.157 and 248.161, subject to the availability of appropriations. The entity
            must keep and make available to HUD all records necessary to accurately
            calculate payments due to HUD. Further, article VIII(d) of the grant agreement
            states that the Association or Cooperative must submit reports to HUD to
            demonstrate continued compliance with the requirements of the Program. The
            areas of the resident home-ownership plan that currently require reports include
            but are not limited to semiannual reports or surveys of nonpurchasing tenants and
            monthly reports on the status of sales activity until all units have been initially
            sold.
Comment 8   The Cooperative stated that it does not have access to historical documentation
            related to the Cooperative’s initial membership sales. In the future, the
            Cooperative will submit copies of closing statements and checks to HUD to
            support the amount members paid for their memberships. The Cooperative
            requested guidance from HUD for any additional documentation it may require to
            support the amount of proceeds due to HUD from initial membership sales.




                                               20
              The Cooperative should work with HUD’s Chicago Multifamily Housing Hub to
              resolve recommendation 1B and 1H as applicable.
Comment 9     The Cooperative stated that to the best of the Cooperative’s and its management
              agent’s knowledge, memberships had not been sold for more than the members’
              equity in their memberships. Therefore, there were no net proceeds that the
              Cooperative was required to have paid to the City’s HOME investment trust fund.
              However, the Cooperative and management agent could not provide sufficient
              documentation to support whether net proceeds should have been paid to the
              City’s HOME investment trust fund from the subsequent membership sales of all
              13 units reviewed. The Cooperative and management agent could not provide
              sufficient documentation to support the initial members’ equity in their
              memberships and the amount subsequent members paid for their memberships.
Comment 10 The Cooperative stated that it requires affidavits that purchasers are not paying
           sellers additional funds outside the closing process for membership sales.
           However, the Cooperative has not provided affidavits to this effect.
Comment 11 The Cooperative stated that it disagrees that it did not ensure that housing was
           affordable for all members and that it was required to ensure that membership
           fees did not exceed 35 percent of the members’ monthly adjusted gross income
           other than upon membership sales. Regulations at 24 CFR 248.173(g)(2) state
           that prospective debt service payments, occupancy charges, and utilities payable
           by owners must not exceed 35 percent of the monthly adjusted gross income of
           the owners.
              Regulations at 24 CFR 248.173(g)(2) do not limit the determination that
              membership fees did not exceed 35 percent of the members’ monthly adjusted
              gross income to only at the time of membership sales. Paragraph 12 of the use
              agreement states that monthly carrying charges, including principal, interest,
              utility charges, taxes, property insurance, and home-ownership fees, for all
              members must not exceed 35 percent of the members’ monthly adjusted gross
              income. Further, paragraph 4.a. of the use agreement states that as long as any
              unit in the project continues to be operated as rental housing, the Association, to
              the extent practicable, must maintain 60, 23, and 17 percent of the rental units in
              the project as affordable to very low-income households, low-income households,
              and moderate-income households, respectively. Paragraph 10.b. states that the
              Association, to the extent practicable, must sell membership in the project to the
              same proportion of very low-, low-, and moderate-income households as indicated
              in the resident income profile in paragraph 4.a. of the use agreement. In addition,
              HUD’s Chicago Multifamily Housing Hub’s position is that the Cooperative was
              required to continue to ensure that membership fees did not exceed 35 percent of
              the members’ monthly adjusted gross income after membership sales.
              Therefore, contrary to paragraph 12 of the use agreement, the Cooperative and
              management agent did not ensure that membership fees did not exceed 35 percent


                                               21
              of the members’ monthly adjusted gross income other than upon membership
              sales. Further, the Cooperative would not be able to support that it sold initial
              memberships to the same proportion of very low-, low-, and moderate-income
              households as indicated in the resident income profile in paragraph 4.a. and
              required by paragraph 10.b. of the use agreement.
Comment 12 The Cooperative stated that its occupancy agreement requires subsequent
           members to maintain their units at the project as their principal residence.
           However, the resident home-ownership plan does not require subsequent
           members to maintain their units at the project as their principal residence.
              Paragraph 7(a) of the Cooperative’s occupancy agreements with members states
              that the members agree to occupy the unit at all times as a principal residence
              until the date on which the members sell their membership in the Cooperative.
              Further, the resident home-ownership plan states that all initial and subsequent
              homeowners will be required to certify to the Cooperative that the units will be
              used as their principal residence.
Comment 13 The Cooperative stated that it tries to ensure that members maintain their units at
           the project as their principal residence. The Cooperative should work with
           HUD’s Chicago Multifamily Housing Hub to resolve recommendations 1E and
           1H as applicable.
Comment 14 The Cooperative stated that it believes that the issue of the Cooperative’s
           receiving overpayments of Section 8 Housing Choice Voucher program housing
           assistance from the Chicago Housing Authority has been resolved. It stated that
           attachment C contained correspondence from the Authority regarding the matter.
              The Cooperative did not provide sufficient documentation to support that it
              reimbursed the Authority $19,866 for the overpaid housing assistance it received
              for five units. Attachment C included two documents that appeared to be letters
              from the Authority to the Cooperative containing housing assistance payments
              statements for the Cooperative. The statements appeared to show that the
              Authority recaptured $1,190 of the nearly $20,000. However, the letters were not
              on the Authority’s letterhead or signed by a representative of the Authority.
Comment 15 The Cooperative stated that it will continue to work with the Chicago Housing
           Authority to ensure that the issues identified in the audit report do not recur. The
           Cooperative should work with HUD’s Chicago Multifamily Housing Hub to
           resolve recommendation 1H as applicable.
Comment 16 The Cooperative stated that it believes that it has submitted all of the reports
           required under the grant agreement, which was the operative document during the
           rehabilitation of the project and the initial membership sales process, and that the
           Cooperative has fulfilled its grant reporting requirements. However, it is willing
           to discuss further reporting requirements to substantiate the Cooperative’s
           ongoing requirements with respect to the Program.



                                                22
              Contrary to article VIII(d) of the grant agreement, the Cooperative did not submit
              reports to HUD to demonstrate continued compliance with the Program. The
              reports included but were not limited to (1) semiannual reports on vacancies, (2)
              semiannual reports of nonpurchasing tenants, (3) monthly reports on the status of
              resales, (4) monthly reports on the status of sales activity, and (5) reports on
              changes in closing costs to the initial members. The grant agreement had not
              been closed out as of September 2015. The president of the Cooperative’s board
              of directors said that the Cooperative may have submitted reports to HUD after
              the grant was awarded but stopped submitting the reports when the original
              management agent for the project was replaced. The Cooperative should work
              with HUD’s Chicago Multifamily Housing Hub to resolve recommendation 1H as
              applicable.
Comment 17 The Cooperative stated that HUD has accepted documentation for initial and
           subsequent membership sales since 1998, including annual audits showing the
           amount of proceeds due to HUD from initial membership sales, without
           requesting additional documentation. To request the Cooperative to provide
           historic financial information is unreasonably burdensome.
              Regulations at 24 CFR 248.173(h) state that the entity that transfers ownership
              interests in or shares representing units to eligible households must return 50
              percent of the proceeds from the initial sale to HUD for use under 24 CFR
              248.157 and 248.161, subject to the availability of appropriations. The entity
              must keep and make available to HUD all records necessary to accurately
              calculate payments due to HUD. The Cooperative should work with HUD’s
              Chicago Multifamily Housing Hub to resolve recommendation 1B.
Comment 18 The Cooperative stated that it welcomes a representative of HUD at the closings
           for membership sales if HUD can provide a single point of contact for scheduling.
           The Cooperative should work with HUD’s Chicago Multifamily Housing Hub to
           resolve recommendations 1C and 1H as applicable.
Comment 19 The Cooperative stated that it will remove the individuals who did not maintain
           their units at the project as their principal residence or are deceased from the
           membership certificates, occupancy agreements, Cooperative notes, and HUD
           notes if it has not already addressed the matter. The Cooperative should work
           with HUD’s Chicago Multifamily Housing Hub to resolve recommendation 1E.
Comment 20 The Cooperative stated that it will execute an occupancy agreement, Cooperative
           note, and HUD note associated with the remaining unit if it has not already
           addressed the matter. The Cooperative should work with HUD’s Chicago
           Multifamily Housing Hub to resolve recommendation 1F.
Comment 21 The Cooperative stated that it will work with HUD to establish any reasonable
           protocols that HUD may want to establish to provide HUD with information
           needed to ensure that the Cooperative continues to succeed as an example of
           resident home-ownership for low- and moderate-income households. The


                                               23
Cooperative should work with HUD’s Chicago Multifamily Housing Hub to
resolve recommendation 1H.




                              24
Appendix C
                                    Applicable Requirements


Section 226(b)(5)(a)(i) of the Low-Income Housing Preservation and Resident Homeownership
Act of 1990 states that a homeowner under a home-ownership program may transfer the
homeowner’s ownership interest in or membership representing the unit, except that a program
may establish restrictions on the resale of units under the program.
Regulations at 24 CFR 248.173(g)(4) state that HUD must require that the form of home
ownership impose the appropriate conditions to ensure that each initial member occupies the unit
it acquires for at least the initial 15 years of ownership, unless the resident council determines
that the initial member is required to move outside the market area due to a change in
employment or an emergency situation. Section 248.173(h) states that the entity that transfers
ownership interests in or shares representing units to eligible households must return 50 percent
of the proceeds from the initial sale to HUD for use under 24 CFR 248.157 and 248.161, subject
to the availability of appropriations. The entity must keep and make available to HUD all
records necessary to accurately calculate payments due to HUD.
Regulations at 24 CFR 248.173(i)(3) state that at closing, the initial homeowner must execute a
nonrecourse promissory note for a term of 20 years equal to the difference between the fair
market value of the unit and the purchase price, payable to HUD, together with a mortgage
securing the obligation of the note. Section 248.173(i)(3)(i) states that with respect to a sale by
an initial homeowner, the note must require payment upon sale by the initial homeowner, to the
extent that proceeds of the sale remain after paying off other outstanding debt incurred in
connection with the purchase of the property; paying any other amounts due in connection with
the sale, including closing costs and transfer taxes; and paying the household the amount of its
equity in the property, computed in accordance with 24 CFR 248.173(k). Section
248.173(i)(3)(ii) states that with respect to a sale by an initial homeowner during the first 6 years
after acquisition, the household may retain only the amount computed under 24 CFR 248.173(k).
Any excess is distributed as provided in 24 CFR 248.173(l). Section 248.173(i)(3)(iii) states that
with respect to a sale by an initial homeowner 6 to 20 years after acquisition, the amount payable
under the note must be reduced by 1/168th of the original principal amount of the note for each
full month of ownership by the household after the end of the sixth year. The homeowner may
retain all other proceeds of the sale.
Regulations at 24 CFR 248.173(j) state that when a subsequent purchaser during the 20-year
period, measured by the term of the initial promissory note, purchases the property for less than
the then current fair market value, the purchaser must also execute at closing such a promissory
note and mortgage for the amount of the discount. The term of the promissory note must be the
period remaining in the original 20-year period. Section 248.173(k) states that the amount of
equity an initial homeowner has in the property is determined by computing the sum of (1) the
contribution to equity paid by the household, if any, including any downpayment and any
amount paid toward principal on a mortgage loan during the period of ownership; (2) the value
of any improvements installed at the expense of the household during the household’s tenure as



                                                  25
owner, as determined by the resident council based on evidence of amounts spent on the
improvements, including the cost of material and labor; and (3) the appreciated value,
determined by applying the consumer price index against the contribution to equity under 24
CFR 248.173(k)(1) and (2), excluding the value of any sweat equity or volunteer labor used to
make improvements to the unit. Section 248.173(l) states that any net sales proceeds that may
not be retained by the member under the Program approved under 24 CFR 248.173 must be paid
to the HOME investment trust fund for the unit of general local government in which the project
is located.
Regulations at 24 CFR 982.311(a) state that housing assistance is paid to the owner in
accordance with the terms of the housing assistance payments contract. Housing assistance may
be paid to the owner only during the lease term and while the household resides in the unit.
Section 982.311(c)(2) states that housing assistance payments terminate when the housing
assistance payments contract terminates.
In HUD’s grant agreement with the Association, the Association agrees to carry out its grant
activities under the grant agreement in compliance with the regulations, the terms of the resident
home-ownership plan, and any other applicable laws and regulations. Article IV(k) of the grant
agreement states that all initial members must certify that their unit will be used as their principal
residence. Initial members must also agree to occupy their unit for at least 15 years from the
date of purchase unless the Cooperative determines that an initial member is required to move
outside the market area due to changes in employment or for emergency reasons. The
Cooperative may impose longer occupancy terms in its agreement with each initial and
subsequent member if it deems it necessary. Article IV(l) states that at the time of the sales of
membership shares to the initial members, the Cooperative must remit to HUD 50 percent of all
proceeds from the sales of the shares. If cash is received from the initial member because the
member receives a loan for the purchase price, 50 percent of the cash received must be remitted
to HUD. If the Cooperative provides the loan to the member, the Cooperative must remit to
HUD 50 percent of the principal paid by the member as it is paid to the Cooperative. If the
initial owner transfers the shares to another purchaser who assumes the initial member’s
remaining debt, 50 percent of the principal amount collected will continue to be remitted to
HUD.
Article IV(p) of the grant agreement states that if the initial member sells his or her membership
in the Cooperative within the first 6 years after acquisition, the member may retain only amounts
allowed by 24 CFR 248.173(k). If the initial member sells his or her membership 6 to 20 years
after acquisition, the member may retain all proceeds in excess of amounts payable on the
promissory note to HUD allowed by 24 CFR 248.173(i)(3), except as otherwise provided for in
the formula specified in exhibit 16 of the resident home-ownership plan.
Article VIII(d) of the grant agreement states that the Association or Cooperative must submit
reports to HUD to demonstrate continued compliance with the requirements of the Program. The
areas of the resident home-ownership plan that currently require reports include but are not
limited to (1) semiannual report on vacancies, (2) semiannual report or survey of nonpurchasing
tenants, (3) monthly reports on the status of resales, (4) monthly reports on the status of sales
activity until all units have been initially sold, and (5) reports on changes in closing costs to the



                                                  26
initial members as needed. Article X states that a default under the grant agreement will consist
of any (1) material noncompliance with the Act; the regulations; the resident home-ownership
plan; or any other Federal, State, or local law as determined by HUD or (2) other material breach
of the grant agreement. If HUD determines preliminary that the Association or Cooperative is in
default, HUD will give the Association or Cooperative notice of a determination of default and
the corrective or remedial action proposed by HUD. The Association or Cooperative must have
the opportunity to demonstrate, within the time prescribed by HUD, that it is not in default or
that the proposed corrective or remedial action is inappropriate before HUD implements the
corrective or remedial action. When HUD determines that corrective or remedial actions by the
Association or Cooperative have not been undertaken as instructed or will not be effective to
correct the default and prevent further default, HUD may take the following additional corrective
and remedial actions under the agreement: (1) demand repayment of all Program funds
disbursed, including funds held in escrow accounts funded by the grant agreement; (2) initiate
litigation or other legal proceedings designed to require compliance with the Act, the regulations,
the resident home-ownership plan, the grant agreement, or any other authorities; (3) require the
Association to transfer all of its rights and interest in the project to HUD; or (4) take any other
remedial action legally available. No delay or omission by HUD in exercising any right or
remedy under the grant agreement will impair HUD’s ability to exercise such right or remedy or
constitute a waiver of or consent in any default by the Association or Cooperative.
Article XII(a) of the grant agreement states that the Association or Cooperative, in performing
the terms, provisions, and requirements of the grant agreement, must also follow the provisions
and terms of HUD’s use agreement with the Association and the resident home-ownership plan
for the project, which are incorporated into the grant agreement.
Paragraph 4.a. of HUD’s use agreement with the Association states that during the conversion
period and for as long as any unit in the project continues to be operated as rental housing after
conversion, the Association must, to the extent practicable, maintain 60, 23, and 17 percent of
the rental units in the project as affordable to very low-income households, low-income
households, and moderate-income households, respectively. Paragraph 10.b. states that the
Association, to the extent practicable, must sell membership in the project to the same proportion
of very low-, low-, and moderate-income households as indicated in the resident income profile
in paragraph 4.a. of the use agreement. Paragraph 12 states that monthly carrying charges,
including principal, interest, utility charges, taxes, property insurance, and home-ownership fees,
for all members must not exceed 35 percent of the members’ monthly adjusted gross income.
The resident home-ownership plan for the project states that any rental units vacated by current
households either during the conversion period or after the conversion to home ownership must
be marketed and households must be selected in accordance with the affirmative fair housing
marketing and tenant selection plan in tab 15 of the resident home-ownership plan. Prices and
financing terms available from the Cooperative will be established so that an initial homeowner’s
expenses will not exceed 35 percent of the homeowner’s adjusted monthly income. Tab 9 of the
resident home-ownership plan states that the homeowners in the Cooperative will not pay more
than 35 percent of their adjusted monthly income for housing. To achieve the goal of offering
ownership opportunities to the greatest number of building residents while maintaining the 35
percent of income housing expense cap, some very low-income building residents will be


                                                 27
eligible to receive a home-ownership fee subsidy. The home-ownership fee subsidy will make
up the difference between 35 percent of a very low-income household’s adjusted monthly
income and the regular monthly housing expense. Households eligible to receive the subsidy
must meet annual, base-adjusted gross income criteria ranging from $7,302 to $10,085
depending on the size of the unit. The marketing and tenant selection plan in tab 15 states that
the Association will market units using a waiting list and lease units to very low-, low-, and
moderate-income households as defined in the resident home-ownership plan.
Paragraph 4.b. of the Chicago Housing Authority’s housing assistance payments contracts with
the Cooperative states that the contracts terminate automatically (1) if the leases are terminated
by the Cooperative or the tenants or (2) if the households move from the contract units. In
paragraph 8 of the contracts, the Cooperative certified (1) that except for the rent to the
Cooperative, the Cooperative had not received and would not receive any payments or other
consideration for rental of the contract units during the contracts terms; (2) the households did
not own or have any interest in the contract units; and (3) to the best of the Cooperative’s
knowledge, the members of the households resided in the contract units and the units were the
households’ only residence.
Paragraph 7(a) of the Cooperative’s occupancy agreements with members states that the
members agree to occupy the unit at all times as a primary residence until the date on which the
members sell their membership in the Cooperative.




                                                 28
Appendix D


                           Schedule of Deficiencies
       Unit        Initial   Subsequent
     reference   membership membership Members’ Principal Section 8
      number        sales       sales       income  residence payments
          1                                    X
          2                       X            X
          3                                    X
          4                                    X        X
          5                       X            X
          6                                    X
          7                                    X        X
          8                                    X        X
          9                       X            X        X
         10                                    X        X
         11
         12                                  X         X
         13                                  X         X         X
         14
         15                                  X
         16                      X           X         X
         17                      X           X
         18                                  X
         19                                                      X
         20                                  X         X
         21                      X           X
         22                                                      X
         23                      X           X         X
         24
         25                                  X
         26          X                       X                   X
         27                                  X
         28                                  X         X
         29                      X           X
         30
         31          X           X           X                   X
         32                                  X
         33                      X           X
         34
         35                                  X


                                      29
   Unit           Initial  Subsequent
 reference      membership membership Members’ Principal Section 8
  number           sales      sales    income  residence payments
     36
     37                                                    X              X
     38
     39                                   X                X              X
     40                                                                                 X
     41                                   X                X              X
     42                                                    X              X
     43                                                    X                            X
     44                                   X
   Totals               2                13               33             15              7
* The blue fields represent when the review did not apply. During the audit, we provided the
  Cooperative schedules that detailed the results of our reviews.




                                                30