Cobb County, Marietta, GA

Published by the Department of Housing and Urban Development, Office of Inspector General on 1996-09-24.

Below is a raw (and likely hideous) rendition of the original report. (PDF)

                                                       U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development

                                                       District Office of the Inspector General
                                                       Richard B. Russell Federal Building
                                                       75 Spring Street, SW, Room 700
                                                       Atlanta, GA 30303-3388
                                                       (404) 331-3369

September 24, 1996                                                             Audit Related Memorandum
                                                                                     No. 96-AT-241-1826

MEMORANDUM FOR: John Perry, Director, Office of Community Planning
                    and Development, 4AD

FROM:          James D. McKay
               Acting District Inspector General for Audit,
                Southeast/Caribbean, 4AGA

SUBJECT:       Limited Review of
               Cobb County HUD Program Operations
               Marietta, Georgia

        We completed a limited review of Cobb County's operation of the Community Development
Block Grant (CDBG) and Home Investment Partnerships Act (HOME) Programs. Our revie w
focused on the County's procurement of the contract administr ator. We reviewed records maintained
at HUD, Cobb County and the contract administrator. We also interviewed the staffs at th e
respective locations. We performed the review during June 1995 through April 1996.

        We noted indications of deficiencies that warrant attention by HUD and County staff. We
did not develop the administrative deficienci es as we normally would to meet reporting standards for
generally accepted government auditing stan dards. Our review was not an audit of County activities
and our observations are related to our limited review.


The County needs to implement improvements in the process followed to procure the services of a
professional consultant to administer its HUD funded and related programs. We found that:

       -       The County did not (a) clearly describe whether its HUD program administrator' s
               contract was a fixed price or cost reimb ursable agreement, (b) adequately analyze the
               reasonableness of the contractor's proposed rate for overhead/profit, (c) adequately
               solicit proposals, and (d) prepare a price analysis.
       -        The County paid for CDBG adm inistrative services ($112,832) which we believe the
                contract administrator should have performed.

       -        The County paid for rehabi litation inspections and work-write-up services ($80,340)
                which we believe the contract administrator should have performed.

       -        The County did not adequately monitor the performance of the con tract administrator.

Details of our findings and recommendations are discussed in Attachme nt 1. We discussed the results
of the review with Cobb County officials during the review and at an exit conference held on June
7, 1996. The County's written response is included as Attachment 3.

Within 60 days, please give us, for each reco mmendation in Attachment 1, a status report on: (1) the
corrective actions taken; (2) the proposed corrective actions and the date to be completed; or (3) why
actions are considered unnecessary. Also, please furnish us copies of any correspondence o r
directives issued as a result of this review.

We provided a copy of this memorandum to the auditee.

If you have any questions, pleas e contact me or Narcell Stamps, Senior Auditor, at (404) 331-3369.


CDBG            -      Community Development Block Grant
CFR             -      Code of Federal Regulations
CHDO            -      Community Housing Development Organization
DOL             -      U.S. Department of Labor
ESGP            -      Emergency Shelter Grant Program
HOME            -      Home Investment Partnerships Act
HOPWA           -      Housing Opportunities for Persons with Aids
OMB             -      Office of Management and Budget
RFP             -      Request for Proposal
RRP             -      Rental Rehabilitation Program
SDA             -      Service Delivery Area
WFN             -      W. Frank Newton, Inc.


       1-       Findings and Recommendations
       2-       Schedule of Ineligible and Unsupported Costs
       3-       Auditee Comments
       4-       Distribution


Since 1982, Cobb County has used the same consultant, W. Frank N ewton Inc., (WFN) to administer
its CDBG and related programs. The latest contract, which started October 1, 1993, was still i n
effect during the time of our on site review. WFN's administr ative contract was for three consecutive
1 year periods. The last renewal will expire September 30, 1996.

During the audit period, WFN was responsible for administering the following HUD programs:

                                      Funding Level for Program Years
          Programs                 1993             1994              1995

          CDBG                    $3,164,489          $3,430,000       $3,013,000

          HOME1                    1,745,000           2,547,000        2,719,000

          ESG                          32,000             77,000          103,000

          HOPWA                      178,293               -0-               -0-

                  Total             $5,119,782        $6,054,000       $5,835,000

The County used the competitive proposal method to solicit and obtain proposals for a contrac t
administrator to administer the CDBG and a non-HUD program. The County asked prospectiv e
contractors to provide a separate price for each of the three 1 year periods to be covered by th e
contract. The County received only two proposals and awarded the c ontract to WFN. Subsequently,
the County executed additional contracts with WFN to administer the other HUD programs.

The County also provided WFN with an office for his staff and other related support using HU D
funds. The other support costs included items such as office equipment, telephones, copiers, office
supplies, and reimbursement for travel.

      Includes Cobb County and the HOME Consortium.

                                                                                         ATTACHMENT 1

                              FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

Finding 1 - Inadequate Procurement Practices

Cobb County did not follow required procedures when it contracted with a consultant to administer its
various HUD programs. The County did not (a) clearly describe whether its contracts with WFN were
fixed price or cost reimbursable agreements, (b) adequately analyze the reas onableness of WFN's proposed
contract rate for overhead/profit, (c) adequately solicit requests for proposals (RFP), and (d) conduct a
price analysis. These issues may have unduly restricted competition, reduced assurances that the services
were obtained at the best price, and allowed expenditures for excessive overhead/profit.

We reviewed the County's 1993 HUD program administrative contract award for compliance wit h
requirements and evaluated the contract compensation provisions for reasonableness.

Contract Compensation Provisions Not Clear

The County's contracts with WFN did not clearly state whether WFN would be compensated based on
a fixed price or a cost reimbursable type agreement. Some of the contract language indicated the contract
was a cost reimbursable contract. For example, paragraph II.C. of Attachment 2 of the contract dated
August 13, 1993 provides that the consultant will prepare compensation reimbursement requests which
detail consultant individual and total sala ry/personnel expenses, plus a standard factor of .5 of salaries for
all consultant administration/overhead burden expenses. This language implies that the consultant is to
be compensated on a cost reimbursement basis plus an allowance for ov erhead. Other language, however,
implied that the contract was a fixed price contract. For example, paragraph I of Attachment 2 states the
total cost of this contract is $273,600.

The County provided its interpretation in a response, dated February 2, 1996, which stated, "... it is the
opinion of the County that the contracts, at least in part, are fixed price in that a certain amount was bid
or proposed by Newton, accepted by the County, and included in the "not to exceed" price or fee in the

We believe the County needs to clarify future contracts in order to prevent misinterpretation. Th e
contract method of compensation is important because it determines the level of documentation required
to support progress payments. Cost reimbursable contracts require a higher level of documentation for
costs. For instance, cost reimbursable contracts require compliance with rules that govern direct (e.g.,
personnel) and indirect (administrative/overhead) costs. These rules do not apply to fixed price d

High Overhead/Profit Rate Not Evaluated

To be allowable under Feder al financial assistance programs, costs must be necessary and reasonable for
proper and efficient performance and administration (OMB Circular A-87, Attachment A, paragraph C,
item 1a). To the contrary, the County's CDBG and HOME contracts with WFN allowed the firm a n

excessive 50 percent markup for overhead and profit. The contracts did not designate how much of the
50 percent rate was for profit and how much was for overhead costs. During the period January 1, 1993
through January 31, 1996, the County paid WFN $40 5,999 for overhead and profit ($280,168 for CDBG
and $125,831 for HOME).

The 50 percent rate was not reasonable because the County used additional HUD funds to make separate
direct payments for a major portion of WFN's overh ead costs. For instance, the County used HUD funds
to pay for office space, equipment, and supplies to provide and equip the offices used by WFN's staff .
Considering these separate payments, the 50 percent rate paid for overhead/profit was excessive. Th e
County should have negotiated a reduction in the 50 percent rate giving consideration to the County' s
separate HUD expenditures to support WFN's office operations.
Competitive Procedures Not Adequately Followed

Federal procurement regulations require that all procurement transactions be conducted in a manne r
providing full and open competition (24CFR 85.36, pa ragraph (c) (1)). However, the County did not use
proper competitive procedures when it awarded WFN multiple contracts that totaled over $1.3 million
to administer the following HUD programs:

                      Evidence of                 WFN Contract Amounts For
Program Competition                 1993-94 1994 -95        1995-96          Total
HOME                       No               $117,300       $134,100        $140,805         $392,205
ESG                        No                  1,600           3,850          5,150           10,600
HOPWA                      No                      0         11,664                0          11,664
SDA                        No               111,225               0                0         111,225
CDBG                       Yes              273,600         284,544         295,926         854,070

        Total                               $503,725        $434,158        $441,881      $1,379,764

        Lack of Competition

        The County did not clearl y identify the programs on which prospective bidders were expected to
        bid. Also, the County did not use competitive procedures for some of its awards.

        Language in the County's 19 93 bid advertisement and Request for Proposals (RFP) indicated the
        prospective bidders were expected to submit a bid for all HUD programs. For example, the bid
        advertisement requested proposals for administering the CDBG, CSBG and other grants. Th e
        RFP also requested proposals to administer the CDBG, CSBG, and other HUD related gran t
        programs. Page 3 of the RFP states:

            "Cobb County desires to contract with an organization that will provide the professional and
            technical services of designing, planning, budgeting, project implementation, monitoring, and
            reporting its CDBG, CSBG, and other HUD grantsmanship programs. The contractor is to
            represent the County in all matters pertaining to the controlling Federal and State agencies."

        This language implied that the bid was to include all programs.

     Other parts of the RFP indicated th e bid was to cover only the CDBG and CSBG Programs. For
     example, page 15 of the RFP required the contractor to state separat ely the required compensation
     for administration services for the CDBG and CSBG Programs. Also, Appendix 1 listed th e
     revenues and expenditures for the past 3 years for the CDBG and CSBG Programs.

     The County received two proposals in response to the solicitation and awarded the contract t o
     WFN. Subsequently, the County awarded separate contracts to WFN to administer the HOME,
     ESG, HOPWA, and SDA Programs. The County did not advertise for proposals nor did it solicit
     RFPs prior to awarding WFN an additional $525,694 ($111,225 for SDA) to administer thes e
     programs. Furthermore, the County did not prepare a price analysis or have any othe r
     documentation to support the additional contract amounts.

     Inadequate Solicitation of Requests for Proposals (RFP)

     While procuring services to administer its CDBG Program the County ran the advertisement only
     in its official local organ which had a circulation of only 32,000.

     Cost or Price Analysis Not Performed

     Grantees must perform a cos t or price analysis in connection with every procurement transaction
     (24CFR 85.36 (f)(1)). Nevertheless, the County did not document a price analysis for the original
     administrative contract executed with WFN. Also, the County did not prepare cost or pric e
     analyses for the separate HOME, ESG, HOPWA, and SDA contracts awarded to WFN.

Auditee Comments

     Contract Compensation Provisions Not Clear

     The County contends the contracts were fixed price. However, they agreed to clearly describe
     whether a contract is cost reimbursable or a fixed price agreement in all future administrativ e

     High Overhead/Profit Rate Not Evaluated

     The County contends it was not required to negotiate profit as a separate component of cos t
     because there was price competition. County officials also contend the contract prices wer e
     necessary and reasonable.

     Competitive Procedures Not Followed

     County officials contend the RFP contains a statement that the administrator may be asked t o
     perform other grantsmans hip activities such as HOME, ESGP, etc. They stated that WFN knew
     the County might add other work based on the firm's accepted 1993 proposal to administer the
     CDBG Program. The officials stated they executed additiona l contracts with WFN because it was
     more efficient to have one qualified administrator run its various programs.

      The County contends it complied with local purchasing guidelines and procedures in the handling
      of the bid advertisements. County officials said they published the ad in the Marietta Daily Journal
      for 7 consecutive weeks. The y decided that it was not necessarily in their best interest to run the
      advertisements in other Metro Atlanta newspapers b ecause past advertisements had not generated

      Price Analysis Not Performed

      County officials contend a lesser degree o f analysis was required because the County had paid for
      like services for 9 years.

OIG Evaluation

      Contract Compensation Provisions Not Clear

      The County agreed that the contract compensation provision was not clear.

      High Overhead/Profit Rate Not Evaluated

      We believe the circumstances raised a compelling que stion about the reasonableness of the overall
      procurement transaction. Specifically, WFN submitted a contract proposal showing propose d
      maximum contract prices calculated using personnel costs times a 50 percent overhead/profi t
      factor. In addition, the County used CDBG funds to provide and equip the offices WFN and his
      staff used to administer the contract. Given this extra level of support, we believe the County ,
      despite WFN's low bid, should have attempted to negotiate a reduction in the 50 percen t
      overhead/profit rate.

      Competitive Procedures Not Followed

      We agree with the County's desire to have one administrator. However, the County could have
      accomplished its objective by combining all HUD programs into one properly execute d
      procurement transaction. The County's decision to split the wor k into segments without following
      competitive procedures for the contract awards circumvented requirements.

      We believe the advertisements should have been more widely circu lated especially considering that
      the County is part of the Metro Atlanta area which has a population of over 3 million. This action
      would have exposed the RFP to a larger number of prospective contractors. The intent of th e
      procurement process is best ser ved by expanding versus restricting awareness to needed contract
      services. This is particularly so when past advertisements for similar services generated lo w

      Price Analysis Not Performed

      The County did not address the lack of a price estimate to support the amounts awarded to WFN
      for the additional programs.


We recommend that you require the County to:

   1A.    Ensure that the language in future administrative contracts clearly describes whether th e
          contracts are cost reimbursable or fixed price agreements.

   1B.    Establish controls to ensure future compliance with Federal procurement requirements. The
          County should improve its procedures to maximize competition (including clarifyin g
          advertisements and RFPs for services), negotiate reasonable contract compensation, an d
          prepare cost and/or price analysis.

We also recommend that your office:

   1C.    Review and determine th e reasonableness of the 50 percent overhead and profit rate included
          in the County's contracts with WFN. Require the County to reimburse HUD programs for any
          overhead/profit payments determined to be excessive and/or unreasonable.

   1D.    Review and determine the reasonableness o f contract prices negotiated by the County without
          following competitive procedures. Require the County to reimburse HUD programs for any
          contract payments determined to be excessive and/or unreasonable.

Finding 2 - Unnecessary Service Delivery Area Costs

The County executed a separate contra ct with WFN to administer a CDBG activity that was already
within the scope of WFN's existing CDBG administrative c ontract. The County paid WFN $112,832
to administer the activity and spent $63,778 for the r elated furniture and equipment. The County has
now abandoned the activity. The inappropriate payments reduced funds that should have bee n
available and used for other program purposes.

WFN's original administrative contract required the firm to ascertain the extent of other CDB G
activities, conduct such activities as appropriate, and perform all other CDBG work in concert with
the County Board of Commissioners (Section 14). Other sections o f the contract (Sections 1.22, 2.1,
and 11.9) contained wording related to WFN's responsibi lity to carry out additional CDBG activities.

Despite this wording, the County executed an additional separate contract with WFN. The separate
contract required WFN to complete the administrative process needed to qualify Cobb County as a
U.S. Department of L abor (DOL) Service Delivery Area (SDA) and to set up an office to carry out
the activity. The County wanted the SDA designation so that it could receive direct DOL funding.
The County added a CDBG administrative activity to charge costs (primarily personnel) associated
with obtaining the SDA designation and to equip an office to handle the SDA function.

We believe WFN was already required to perform these services under its existing contract t o
administer the CDBG Program. The County did not adjus t the price of WFN's CDBG administrative
contract to offset the amounts paid under the separate SDA agreement. The $112,832 include s
$69,517 for personnel salaries, $33,908 for overhead and profit, and $9,407 for other costs such as
office rent and travel/registration fees.

DOL officials told us that the efforts to establ ish the SDA were not time intensive enough to warrant
such high costs. We analyzed the steps in the SDA process and agree with DOL's assessment.

We noted that the SDA contract and the County's later contract with WFN to administer the SDA
(funded by DOL) required WFN to develop procurement and monitoring procedures an d
management information systems. These functions were also among those WFN was expected t o
perform under its contract to administer the County's CDBG Prog ram. WFN primarily used staff and
space previously in place to administer the County's DOL program to formulate the
SDA, instead of the staff and space the County paid for under WFN's contract to administer it s
CDBG program. The SDA development period (October 1993 throu gh June 1994) spanned a period
of dormant DOL funding of project activities (October 1993 through April 1994 2).

      Funding for DOL's Summer Youth Program resumed in April 1994.

SDA Terminated

The County decided to terminat e the SDA activity after only about 24 months of operations and the
expenditure of $176,610 in CDBG funds. On March 21, 1996, the County advised the Georgi a
Department of Labor that it would discontinue the Cobb SDA designation effective June 30, 1996.
County officials stated that this action resulted from issues raised in a recent audit by the Federa l
DOL's Office of Inspector General and because the Board decided the DOL SDA Program had too
many regulations to comply with and was too intensive.

The reasons cited by the County for abandoning the SDA indicates questionable planning for an d
monitoring of the SDA activity. As discussed in Finding 4, the County never conducted a forma l
review of WFN's operations, a concern also raised in DOL' s audit. Representatives from the Georgia
DOL, who administer the SDA programs at the state level, told us that there had not been an y
substantial change in SDA requirements since the County first applied for and was approved for SDA
status. Thus, the Co unty was not faced with new requirements that came into force after it decided
to undertake the SDA effort. The decision to abandon the SDA, considering the lack of significant
changes, indicates that the County's planning for and implementation of the SDA activity needed more
attention than was given.

Furniture and Equipment Costs

The County made direct purchases totaling $63,778 for office furniture and equipment (includin g
computer hardware and software) for SDA offices that may no longer be needed. The County needs
to provide information to show that these items will be used and/or disposed of in accordance with
program requirements.

Auditee Comments

    The County contends that the services required by the SD A contract were not included in WFN's
    overall CDBG administrative contract. County officials said both parties to the contrac t
    understood this and that WFN could not have performed the additional services withou t
    additional compensation.

    The County contends its decision to terminate the SDA is not reflective of any questionabl e
    planning. County officials said they canceled the SDA designation effective July 1996, because
    the excessive regulation by DOL made it virtually impossible to carry out the activity. Thi s
    included an overburdens ome amount of monitoring, auditing, and duplicity of effort required of
    both the contractor and the County.

    The County agrees the furniture and equipment purchased for the SDA may no longer be needed.
    The County is prepared to properly transfer or otherwise di spose of this furniture and equipment.
    Proceeds from such dispositions will be recorded as CDBG Program income.

OIG Evaluation Our conclusions remain unchanged.


We recommend that you require the County to:

     2A. Reimburse the CDBG Program $112,832 for duplicate administrative fees incurred t o
         obtain SDA designation.

     2B. Submit for your approval, a plan to use or dispose of all furniture and equipmen t
         purchased and charged to the SDA activity.

Finding 3 - Dual Payments for the Same Rehabilitation Services, $80,340

The County contracted with an inspector to perform services which WFN was already required to
perform. Thus, the County paid an unnecessary $80,340 for rehabilitation inspections and wor k
write-up services. The additional contract reduced funds available for other eligible progra m

The County contracted with a separate inspector to perform work write-up and constructio n
inspections. The County paid the inspector $80,340 for the period January 1, 1993 throug h
November 30, 1995. The wording in the County's RFP, WFN's proposal, and WFN's contrac t
however, indicated that WFN was to perform all housing rehabilitation inspections and work write-
ups. The following excerpts illustrate WFN's responsibilities:

     County's Request for Proposal (RFP) The RFP required proposed contractors to submi t
     offers that would provide for the:

        "... professional and technical services of designing, planning, budgeting, implementing ,
        monitoring, reporting, its CDBG, CSBG, and other HUD grantsmanship programs."

     The RFP also provided that submission of a proposal constituted an irr evocable offer to perform
     the proposed services at the proposed compensation. The RFP did not indicate the Count y
     would need or elect to award separate contracts to assist in providing project service delivery,
     such as rehabilitation inspection services.

     WFN's Proposal WFN's proposal included a separate amount for the administration of th e
     County's CDBG Housing Rehabilitation Program. WFN's proposal gave a detailed explanation
     of the firm's distinction between the price proposed for general administration and the pric e
     proposed for rehabilitation project delivery services. WFN's proposal provided:

        "These activities are separate from the CDBG Program Administration activities since it is
        for the delivery of eligible housing/housing rehabilitation Project Service Delivery activities.

        "WFN has designed and implemented the only computerized Housing Rehabilitatio n
        Program in the State of Georgia, and possibly the So utheast, which contains all Work Write-
        up information, Cost Estimator, and Program/Client Database information, which includes
        over 100 fields of information. Attachment B Sample Housing Rehabilitation Work Write-
        up, exemplifies the type of computerized Work Write-up which WFN personnel are able to
        prepare for eligible Cobb Cou nty clients. Without such a system, Cobb County would need
        at least one-two additional clerical positions to handle all the housing rehabilitation Wor k
        Write-ups and related documentation."

     WFN's Contract The contract provided that WFN would:

        "Conduct all necessary rehabilitation advisor activities, including, (a) application taking and
        screening, and (b) structure qualification, economic feasibility, and types of improvements
        necessary to meet minimum standards and general property improvements." (Section 6.18
        of Attachment 1)

        "... secure at his own expense, all personnel required in performing the services under this
        contract." (Section 6)

The above documents indicate that WFN was obligated to provide all rehabilitation inspections and
work write-ups. As mentioned in the firm's proposal, WFN had developed a computerized system
to document inspection results and to generate work write-up and cost estimates. The firm' s
marketing of the sys tem in the RFP indicates WFN would run the system as part of WFN's contract

We also interviewed representatives of the only o ther company that submitted a competing proposal
for the County's administrative contract. The representatives stated that they also interpreted the RFP
to require rehabilitation inspection and work write-ups and that their proposed price included a n
amount for these services.

Auditee Comments

     The County disagrees with our conclusion. County officials contend WFN's contract with the
     County required the firm to conduct all necessary Financial Advisor and Rehabilitation Advisor
     services. They said the County never intended that the contract include inspections and WFN
     never intended to provide these services under its administration contract. They believe a
     review of the number of units actually inspected and written up by the Housing Inspecto r
     evidences the impossibility of those tasks being performed by the Housing Coordinator (35 7
     units serviced during the time period).

OIG Evaluation

     The County's comments are not consistent with the wording in the RFP, WFN's proposal ,
     WFN's contract, or with statements provided by the only other firm to submit a competin g
     proposal. The County contends that the Housing Coordinato r could not have possibly done the
     number of inspections performed by the contract inspector. WFN's contract required the firm
     to do the inspections. We did not say the inspections had to be done by the Housin g


We recommend that you:

    3A. Disallow the $80,340 paid to the inspecto r and any additional payments of this type made
        since the date of our review, and require reimbursement to the HUD programs.

    3B. Instruct the County to establish controls to prevent similar unnecessary payments in the

Finding 4 - Inadequate Monitoring of the HUD Program Administrator

The County did not adequately monitor WFN's performance under its contracts to administer HUD
programs. As a result, the County was not aware that the administrator had awarded contract s
without following competitive procedures and that there was a conflict of interest with som e

Grantees are responsible for managing the day-to-day operations of grant and subgrant supporte d
activities. Grantees must monit or grant and subgrant supported activities to assure compliance with
applicable Federal requirements and achievement of performance goals. Grantee monitoring must
cover each program, function or activity (24CFR 85.40 paragraph (a)).

County officials said the Assistant C ounty Manager met with WFN's President at least once a month
and obtained status reports. However, we found no evidence that the County had ever conducted
a formal review of WFN's operations even though WFN has been the County's HUD progra m
contract administrator since 1982.

In the summer of 1995, the County started an internal audit of WFN's operations but suspended the
review because of ongoing reviews by the Department of Labor (DOL) and our office. However,
the County's review originated from concerns raised by DOL, instead of actions initiated as part of
a structured plan for monitoring WFN's performance.

We also noticed that the C ounty's Finance Department did not provide written approval on invoices
processed for WFN contract payments like it did for those submitted for payment by other County
departments. The Director of Finance stated that while the dep artment does not sign off on the WFN
invoices, they do review them for pro per account coding and to ensure that the amounts claimed are
within budget. However, because the Finance Department did not sign the vouchers, there was no
evidence to support the review.

At the time of our on site review, the Assistant County Manager reviewed and approved WFN' s
invoices for payment. WFN did not repor t to a particular Department Head. County officials stated
that the Assistant County Manager wanted to be assured that WFN properly submitted claims and
that the firm complied with its contract.

We identified certain non compliances by WFN involving contracting and conflict of interest which
we attribute in part to the County's inadequate monitoring of the firm's operations:

     Contracts Awarded without Competition

     WFN awarded contracts that obligated the use of HUD funds without the County exercising
     adequate oversight over WFN's procurement process. We identified two instances where WFN
     awarded contracts for rehabilitation inspection services with no evidence of competition o r
     County review and approval. The contracts were for:

        - Rehabilitation inspections for Cobb's CDBG Program for which we identified payments

    of $80,340.
  - Rehabilitation inspections for the City of Marietta's CDBG Program for which w e
    identified payments of $32,500.

The only signatures present on the contracts were those of the two Housing Inspectors, WFN's
President, and witnesses. No Count y official signed the agreements. County officials said that
they operated with the understanding WFN had the authority t o enter into such contracts on the
County's behalf.

Conflicts of Interest

WFN's contract specified that neither the consultant, nor its agents, employees o r
subcontractors, presently had an interest, nor would acquire an in terest, direct or indirect, which
would conflict in any manner or degree with the performance of its service, or prevent th e
satisfactory performance of the Consultant's services (Paragraph 13 of the CDBG Contract).
However, we noticed the following instances that involved conflicts of interest which th e
County should have detected and taken action to alleviate:

(1)   WFN hired a contract employee to supervise and coordinate the County's rehabilitation
      activities, as part of WFN's overall administrative contract. WFN also executed a separate
      contract with the individual to perform rehabilitation inspections and work write-ups for
      the City of Marietta. The County paid the inspector $32,500 for Marietta's CDB G
      ($28,500) and HOME ($4,000) programs.

      As WFN rehab coordinator, the inspector was responsible for monitoring subrecipien t
      operations, which in the case of Marietta meant monitoring his own performance. W e
      believe a conflict of interest existed. Furthermore, the practice defeats the control s
      intended by the monitoring process.

      The County made direct payment s for Marietta's housing rehabilitation costs for both the
      CDBG and HOME Programs, as opposed to disbursing amounts to Marietta for use i n
      administering its program and making disbursements through its own accounts. Thi s
      practice raises a question as to whether Marietta's rehabilitation program was trul y
      separate from Cobb's rehabilitation program and whether there was a valid need for the
      separate inspection contract.

(2)   WFN hired a contract employee to supervise a DOL job training program. The individual
      also charged time to the CDBG funded SDA activity discussed in Fi nding 2. Furthermore,
      the employee was also involved with incorporating and served on the board of a
      community housing organization. Other WFN employees approved the organization as
      a HOME Community Housing Development Organization (CHDO) and approved th e
      amount of funding to the CHDO. In ou r opinion, these relationships created a conflict of
      interest, which can result in favored treatment that conflict-of-interest provisions ar e
      designed to prevent.

Auditee Comments

     Monitoring - The County disagrees that it did not adequately monitor WFN's performanc e
     under its contracts with the County. WFN repor ted to the County Manager's Office and works
     on a day to day basis with the Assistant County Manager as well as with other Count y
     Departments such as Purchasing, Finance and other departments responsible for CDBG funded

     Procurement - The County's past pattern and practice has authorized WFN to serve as it s
     administrative agent in the day to day operation of CDBG program activities, includin g
     procurement of supplies, materials and services necessary to carry out the program. Upo n
     notice that WFN could not provide proof that these rehabilitation inspection services wer e
     processed through p roper procurement procedures, WFN was directed to immediately initiate
     a new procurement cycle.

     Conflict of Interest - The County does not believe the Marietta inspector situation created a
     conflict of interest, but does realize a perception of a conflict of interest could occur. In 1995
     the County asked that the inspection services be competitively bid. This process was completed
     and a new provider was chosen.

     Cobb County does not agree that a conflict of interest exists regarding the CHDO (Cob b
     Housing, Inc.) and the WFN JTPA Pr ogram Director. At no time did she receive any financial
     remuneration for her efforts to create and maintain the CHDO. All Board members are non-
     paid members. The June 17, 199 2 Federal Register seems to indicate that HUD considers that
     kind of participation on the board of non-profit organizations to be beneficial and should b e

OIG Evaluation Our conclusions remain unchanged.


We recommend that you require the County to:

     4A. Establish, and implement a formal system for monitoring the performance of its HU D
         program administrator. The system should include procedures for conducting reviews and
         for follow up to resolve detected noncompliances.

     4B. Establish controls to prevent conflicts of interest.

     4C. Obtain the Finance Department's review of invoices submitted by the HUD progra m
         administrator just as it does for invoices submitted by other County departments.

We also recommend that you:

     4D. Review and determine whether the Marietta CDBG Rehabilitation Program is a part o f
         Cobb's program and thus does not warrant the separate inspections fees. As mentioned
         in finding 3, Cobb County's CDBG inspections are covered by WFN's CDB G
         administrative contract.

     4E. Require repayment of the separate Marietta CDBG inspection fees ($28,500) if yo u
         determine that the Marietta rehabilitation program is, in essence, run as part of Cobb' s

                                                                                            ATTACHMENT 2


    Recommendation                             Ineligible Costs 3                        Unsupported Costs 4

       1C                                                                                       $405,999
       1D                                                                                        414,469
       2A                                                                                        112,832
       3A                                          $80,340
       4E                                                                                          28,500

      Total                                        $80,340                                      $961,800

    Costs not allowable by law, contract, HUD or local agency policies or regulations.

    Unsupported amounts do not obviously violate law, contract, policy or regulation but warrant being contested fo   r
    various reasons such as the lack of satisfactory documentation to support eligibility and HUD approval.


                                                                            ATTACHMENT 4


Secretary's Representative, 4AS
Director, Community Planning and Development, 4AD
Field Comptroller, 4AF
Director, Accounting Division, 4AFF
Assistant to the Deputy Secretary for Field Management, SDF (Room 7106)
Chief Financial Officer, F (Room 10166) (2)
Director, Office of Internal Control and Audit Resolution, FOI (Room 10176) (2)
Associate Director, US GAO, 820 1st St. NE Union Plaza,
Bldg. 2, Suite 150, Washington, DC 20002
Cobb County Manager