Plagiarism (Verbatim)

Published by the National Science Foundation, Office of Inspector General on 2007-08-02.

Below is a raw (and likely hideous) rendition of the original report. (PDF)

                                                   NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION
                                                    OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL
                                                      OFFICE OF INVESTIGATIONS

                                              CLOSEOUT MEMORANDUM

 Case Number: A06110051
                                                                                   11          Page 1 of 1

         OIG learned through various newspaper articles1that a student2had uncovered what appeared to
         be plagiarism in a large number of theses and dissertations submitted to a school at a university.3
         OIG contacted the university and learned that it was in the process of reviewing over 100 theses .
         and dissertations that contained suspected plagiarism. Virtually all of the individuals accused
         were students of five professors.4 OIG's review of NSF funding showed that several of these
         professors had obtained NSF funding.5

          The university took action against three professors6 and also took action under its academic
          misconduct policy against those students that were found to have committed plagiarism. The
          university found it difficult to take action against some students because some of .the theses and
          dissertations were quite old; the students had long gone on to professional careers in the US and
          other countries; and in at least one case the student was deceased. The actions by the university
          varied from required the student to rewrite the affected section to withdrawing the granted
          degree. It has also instituted a proactive effort to educate students about plagiarism. As part of
          its proactive work, it found an additional 20 cases of suspected plagiarism unrelated to federal

         OIG worked with the university to determine if any of the theses or dissertations were supported
         by salary or equipment paid by federal grants. Again, this effort was complicated by the age of
         some of the theses and dissertations and supporting federal and university documentation. The
         university eventually was able to determine that no federal funds provided either salary or
         equipment for the projects described in the students' work.

          Therefore, although this matter revealed a serious systemic ethical weakness at a university, it
          appears the university has taken significant action to correct the problems, and its efforts will
          continue. There is no federal funding related to these matters and thus NSF lacks jurisdiction
          and this file is closed.

NSF OIG Form 2 (1 1/02)
                                                  NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION
                                                  OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL
                                                    OFFICE OF INVESTIGATIONS

                                           CLOSEOUT MEMORANDUM

 Case Number: A11110080                                                                        Page 1 of 1

         An anonymous complainant alleged a previous Closeout Memorandum (A06110051)
         contained erroneous information in that it stated NSF lacked jurisdiction. That
         case involved allegations of plagiarism by students in their theses at the
         University.l    The complainant provided evidence that an NSF grant2 was
         acknowledged in two students' (S13 and S2 4) theses, so it appeared NSF should have
         had jurisdiction.
         We learned both S1 and S2 were students of the grant's co-PI, and the co-PI and the
         PI were on the thesis committee of both students. The grant included support for
         graduate students, and the title of the grant aligned with the title of the two theses.
         We contacted the University and asked if it had been aware of these students'
         theses, their connection to NSF, and if it reviewed those theses as part of its inquiry
         into the plagiarism allegations. The University noted it had previously told OIG
         there was an NSF connection to one student, but that student was deceased, and
         the University had not provided his name to OIG (it was S2). It had not previously
         realized the connection of S1 to the grant. The University confirmed it had
         previously reviewed the proposals of S1 and S2; that review found examples of
         improper citations, but concluded they were not sufficiently serious to warrant a
         finding of plagiarism.
         Because of the connection of the two students to the NSF grant, our previous case
         should not have been closed because it lacked jurisdiction, it should have been
         closed because the two theses did not contain plagiarism that warranted a finding of
         research misconduct. We also note the theses were written over two decades ago,
         and agree with the University's difficulties described in the original Closeout about
         pursuing these allegations. Accordingly, this case is closed with no further action

              2[redacted] was awarded to the University, with [redacted] as the PI and [redacted] as the co-PI.
         The budget lists support for three graduate students, whose salaries and benefits comprise the
         largest (budgeted) expenditure of the grant.
             3 [redacted].
             4 [redacted].

NSF OIG Form 2 (11102)