Plagiarism (Verbatim)

Published by the National Science Foundation, Office of Inspector General on 2017-04-28.

Below is a raw (and likely hideous) rendition of the original report. (PDF)

                                                    NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION
                                                     OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL
                                                       OFFICE OF INVESTIGATIONS

                                              CLOSEOUT MEMORANDUM

Case Number: 1-16-0103-0                                                                      Page 1of1

                 Our office received an anonymous allegation that an NSF-funded article 1 (Article)
         contained text plagiarized from a dissertation2 (Dissertation). The Article was authored by
         several people, with the Subject3 as the first author.

                 After we opened a case to review the above plagiarism allegation (Allegationl ), we
         received a separate allegation (Allegation2) against another of the Article authors (Subject24) that
         he published an NSF-funded article (Article2 5) describing work he had previously published
         (Articlel 6) (and credited to his NSF award) years before. The complainant also alleged both
         articles contained text plagiarized from a third article (Article3 7).

                Regarding Allegationl, our analysis of the documents indicated the questioned text
         ultimately originated in earlier documents co-authored by the Subject and the Dissertation author.
         Therefore, we concluded Allegationl is unsubstantiated.

                 Regarding Allegation2, we found the sole author of Article3 was a co-author on both
         Articlel and Article2. Our office does not review issues of copied text when articles have shared
         authors unless the article is clearly separable (i.e., it is stated to the reader who wrote which
         sections). Furthermore, NSF's definition of plagiarism excludes issues of"republication" or so-
         called "self-plagiarism." Therefore, we conclude that Allegation2 is unsubstantiated.

                   This case is closed with no further action taken.

NSF OIG Fonn 2 (11/02)