Intellectual Theft

Published by the National Science Foundation, Office of Inspector General on 2017-05-11.

Below is a raw (and likely hideous) rendition of the original report. (PDF)

                                                     NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION
                                                      OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL
                                                        OFFICE OF INVESTIGATIONS

                                               CLOSEOUT MEMORANDUM

 Case Number: I-16-0120-O                                                                     Page 1 of 1

                 We received an allegation that a PI1 (Subject) on an NSF Proposal2 misrepresented the
         order of authorship for several articles in his proposal’s biosketch by switching the order of the
         first two authors, listing himself first. We note the articles themselves include footnotes
         indicating the first two authors should be considered equal, and the Subject lists himself first on
         these articles on his university’s website. It appeared the Subject considers “co-first” authors to
         be interchangeable in citation.

                 Importantly, the Subject also included a notation for some articles on his NSF biosketch
         that indicated they had two or more equal authors. This was done for all articles alleged to have
         been misrepresented.

                 Although the Subject changed the published authorship order, he included a type of
         caveat for reviewers; further, the NSF biosketch is not the only place where he lists authors
         differently from the published order. Our conclusion is that the allegation of misrepresentation to
         reviewers does not warrant further inquiry.

                   This case is closed with no further action taken.


NSF OIG Form 2 (11/02)