u.s. OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT OFFICE OF THE INSPECTOR GENERAL OFFICE OF AUDITS Final Audit Report Subject: Audit of the Federal Employees Health Benefits Program Operations at HealthPlus of Michigan Report No. lC-X5-00-11-005 Date: March 24, 2011 -- CAUTION - This audit report has been distributed to Federal officials who are responsible for the administration of the audited program. This audit report rna)' contain proprietaQ' data which is protected by Federal law (18 1l.S.C. 1905). Therefore. while this report is available under the Freedom of Information Act and made available to the public on the DIG webpage, caution needs to be exercised before releasing the report to the general public as it may contain proprietary information that was redacted from the publicly distributed copy. V\IITED STATES OFFICE OF PERSON"EL :VIA"AGEME"T \\'a-.;hington. DC 20.+15 OthcC' of the lrhpcdor Clt'llt;'rd] AUDIT REPORT Federal Employees Health Benefits Program Community-Rated Health Maintenance Organization HealthPlus of Michigan Contract Number 2712 - Plan Code XS Flint, Michigan Report No. lC-XS-OO-ll-OOS Date: 3/24/2011 Michael R. Esser Assistant Inspector General for Audits www.opm,gov www.usajobs,goY l "!Tli! S Int-S OH!C! Of' I'i- Rso,,'. F:l \1 \'\ \C ii.\II.'\i EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Federal Employees Health Benefits Program Community-Rated Health Maintenance Organization HealthPlus of Michigan Contract Number 2712 - Plan Code XS Flint, Michigan Report No. lC-XS-OO-ll-OOS Date: 3/24/2011 The Office of the Inspector General performed an audit of the Federal Employees Health Benefits Program (FEHBP) operations at HealthPlus of Michigan (Plan). The audit covered contract years 2006 through 2010 and was conducted at the Plan's office in Flint, Michigan. We found that the FEHBP rates were developed in accordance with applicable laws, regulations, and the Office of Personnel Management's rating instructions for the years audited. Wv.'w,opm,go, CONTENTS Page EXECUTIVE SUMMARY i I. INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND 1 II. OBJECTIVES, SCOPE, AND METHODOLOGY 3 III. RESULTS OF THE AUDIT 5 IV. MAJOR CONTRIBUTORS TO THIS REPORT 6 I. INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND Introduction We completed an audit of the Federal Employees Health Benefits Program (FEHBP) operations at HealthPlus of Michigan (Plan). The audit covered contract years 2006 through 2010 and was conducted at the Plan's office in Flint, Michigan. The audit was conducted pursuant to the provisions of Contract CS 2712; 5 U.S.c. Chapter 89; and 5 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Chapter I, Part 890. The audit was performed by the Office of Personnel Management's (OPM) Office of the Inspector General (OlG), as established by the Inspector General Act of 1978, as amended. Background The FEHBP was established by the Federal Employees Health Benefits Act (Public Law 86-382), enacted on September 28, 1959. The FEHBP was created to provide health insurance benefits for federal employees, annuitants, and dependents. The FEHBP is administered by OPM's Healthcare and Insurance Office. The provisions of the Federal Employees Health Benefits Act are implemented by OPM through regulations codified in Chapter I, Part 890 of Title 5, CFR. Health insurance coverage is provided through contracts with various health insurance carriers that provide service benefits, indemnity benefits, or comprehensive medical services. Community-rated carriers participating in the FEHBP are subject to various federal, state and local laws, regulations, and ordinances. While most carriers are subject to state jurisdiction, many are further subject to the Health Maintenance Organization Act of 1973 (Public Law 93 222), as amended (i.e., many community-rated carriers are federally qualified). In addition, participation in the FEHBP subjects the carriers to the Federal Employees Health Benefits Act and FBiBP ContractslMembers implementing regulations promulgated by OPM. March 31 2,500 The FEHBP should pay a market price rate, which is "'" - defined as the best rate offered to either of the two 2,000 groups closest in size to the FEHBP. In contracting t- F r-- - - f-- - 1,500 with community-rated carriers, OPM relies on carrier compliance with appropriate laws and regulations 1,000 I - I-- I-- i--= and, consequently, does not negotiate base rates. I- OPM negotiations relate primarily to the level of 500 f l- I - coverage and other unique features of the FEHBP. 0 2006 ~ ... 2007 l1li 2008 ... 2009 l1li ... 2010 The chart to the right shows the number of FEHBP • Contracts 658 862 839 886 998 contracts and members reported by the Plan as of March 31 for each contract year audited. o Members 1,666 1,988 2,072 2, 147 2,370 I The Plan has participated in the FEHBP since 1995 and provides health benefits to FEHBP members located in East Central Michigan. The last audit of the Plan covered contract years 2000 through 2005 and questioned $6,157,578 in inappropriate charges to the FEHBP. All issues contained in the prior audit report were resolved. The preliminary results of this audit were discussed with Plan officials at an exit conference and through subsequent correspondence. Since the audit showed that the Plan's rating of the FEHBP was in accordance with applicable laws, regulations, and instructions, a draft report was not issued. 2 II. OBJECTIVES, SCOPE, AND METHODOLOGY Objectives The primary objectives of the audit were to verifY that the Plan offered market price rates to the FEHBP and to verifY that the loadings to the FEHBP rates were reasonable and equitable. Additional tests were performed to determine whether the Plan was in compliance with the provisions of the laws and regulations governing the FEHBP. We conducted this performance audit in FBiBP Premiums Paid to Plan accordance with generally accepted government auditing standards. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain sufficient, $10 appropriate evidence to provide a reasonable basis $8 ~ for our findings and conclusions based on our audit ~ objectives. We believe that the evidence obtained ~ $6 :ii] $4 provides a reasonable basis for our findings and $2 conclusions based on our audit objectives. $0 2006 2007 2008 2009 This performance audit covered contract years • Revenue $6.3 $74 $81 $95 2006 through 2010. For contract years 2006 through 2009, the FEHBP paid approximately $31.3 million in premiums to the Plan. I The premiums paid for each contract year audited are shown on the chart above. OIG audits of community-rated carriers are designed to test carrier compliance with the FEHBP contract, applicable laws and regulations, and OPM rate instructions. These audits are also designed to provide reasonable assurance of detecting errors, irregularities, and illegal acts. We obtained an understanding of the Plan's internal control structure, but we did not use this information to determine the nature, timing, and extent of our audit procedures. However, the audit included such tests of the Plan's rating system and such other auditing procedures considered necessary under the circumstances. Our review of internal controls was limited to the procedures the Plan has in place to ensure that: • The appropriate similarly sized subscriber groups (SSSG) were selected; • the rates charged to the FEHBP were the market price rates (i.e., equivalent to the best rate offered to SSSGs); and • the loadings to the FEHBP rates were reasonable and equitable. 1 The premiums paid report for 20 I0 was unavailable at the time this report was completed. 3 In conducting the audit, we relied to varying degrees on computer-generated billing, enrollment, and claims data provided by the Plan. We did not verify the reliability of the data generated by the various information systems involved. However, nothing came to our attention during our audit testing utilizing the computer-generated data to cause us to doubt its reliability. We believe that the available data was sufficient to achieve our audit objectives. Except as noted above, the audit was performed in accordance with generally accepted government auditing standards, issued by the Comptroller General of the United States. The audit fieldwork was performed at the Plan's office in Flint, Michigan, during December 2010. Additional audit work was completed at our offices in Jacksonville, Florida, and Washington, D.C. Methodology We examined the Plan's federal rate submissions and related documents as a basis for validating the market price rates. In addition, we examined the rate development documentation and billings to other groups, such as the SSSGs, to determine if the market price was actually charged to the FEHBP. Finally, we used the contract, the Federal Employees Health Benefits Acquisition Regulations, and OPM's Rate Instructions to Community-Rated Carriers to determine the propriety of the FEHBP premiums and the reasonableness and acceptability of the Plan's rating system. To gain an understanding of the internal controls in the Plan's rating system, we reviewed the Plan's rating system's policies and procedures, interviewed appropriate Plan officials, and performed other auditing procedures necessary to meet our audit objectives. 4 III. RESULTS OF THE AUDIT Our audit showed that the Plan's rating of the FEHBP was in accordance with applicable laws, regulations, and OPM's rating instructions to carriers for contract years 2006 through 2010. Consequently, the audit did not identitY any questioned costs and no corrective action is necessary. 5 IV. MAJOR CONTRIBUTORS TO THIS REPORT Community-Rated Audits Group Auditor-In-Charge Auditor Auditor Chief Senior Team Leader 6
Audit of the Federal Employees Health Benefits Program Operations at HealthPlus of Michigan
Published by the Office of Personnel Management, Office of Inspector General on 2011-03-24.
Below is a raw (and likely hideous) rendition of the original report. (PDF)